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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149255/conjoint-associations-of-gestational-diabetes-and-hypertension-with-diabetes-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-parents-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#1
Romina Pace, Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Sara Meltzer, Elham Rahme, Kaberi Dasgupta
The conjoint association of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and gestational hypertension (GH) with cardiometabolic disease has not been well studied. We evaluated a combined GDM/GH risk indicator in both mothers and fathers because of shared spousal behaviors and environments. In the present population-based retrospective cohort study, GH was identified in matched pairs of mothers with GDM or without GDM (matched on age group, health region, and year of delivery) who had singleton live births in Quebec, Canada (1990-2007)...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146008/heat-and-pregnancy-related-emergencies-risk-of-placental-abruption-during-hot-weather
#2
Siyi He, Tom Kosatsky, Audrey Smargiassi, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Nathalie Auger
INTRODUCTION: Outdoor heat increases the risk of preterm birth and stillbirth, but the association with placental abruption has not been studied. Placental abruption is a medical emergency associated with major morbidity and mortality in pregnancy. We determined the relationship between ambient temperature and risk of placental abruption in warm seasons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a case-crossover analysis of 17,172 women whose pregnancies were complicated by placental abruption in Quebec, Canada from May to October 1989-2012...
November 13, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136360/investigating-socioeconomic-position-in-dental-caries-and-traumatic-dental-injury-among-children-in-quebec
#3
P Da Rosa, Marie-Claude Rousseau, A Edasseri, M Henderson, B Nicolau
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic position (SEP) is inversely associated with most oral health outcomes, but the patterns of association may vary depending on the specific outcome. We estimated associations between SEP and two oral health outcomes, dental caries and traumatic dental injuries (TDI), in Quebec children. METHODS: We used data from the baseline visit of the QUALITY (QUebec Adipose and Lifestyle Investigation in Youth) Cohort, an ongoing study in Montreal and Quebec, Canada...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117991/availability-of-naloxone-in-canadian-pharmacies-a-population-based-survey
#4
Alex M Cressman, Graham Mazereeuw, Qi Guan, Wenting Jia, Tara Gomes, David N Juurlink
BACKGROUND: Naloxone is life-saving when administered after opioid overdose. In March 2016, the Canadian government made the antidote available without prescription, but anecdotal reports suggest members of the public have difficulty in procuring it. We examined the availability of naloxone in community pharmacies across Canada. METHODS: We identified community pharmacies in Canada (n = 10 296) and randomly selected 506, stratified using proportionate allocation by population size...
November 8, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089796/impact-of-the-pan-canadian-oncology-drug-review-on-provincial-concordance-with-respect-to-cancer-drug-funding-decisions-and-time-to-funding
#5
A Srikanthan, H Mai, N Penner, E Amir, A Laupacis, M Sabharwal, K K W Chan
BACKGROUND: The pan-Canadian Oncology Drug Review (pcodr) was implemented in 2011 to address uneven drug coverage and lack of transparency with respect to the various provincial cancer drug review processes in Canada. We evaluated the impact of the pcodr on provincial decision concordance and time from Notice of Compliance (noc) to drug funding. METHODS: In a retrospective review, Health Canada's Drug Product Database was used to identify new indications for cancer drugs between January 2003 and May 2014, and provincial formulary listings for drug-funding dates and decisions between 1 January 2003 and 31 December 2014 were retrieved...
October 2017: Current Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063716/variations-in-demand-and-provision-for-publicly-funded-outpatient-musculoskeletal-physiotherapy-services-across-quebec-canada
#6
Simon Deslauriers, Marie-Hélène Raymond, Maude Laliberté, Amélie Lavoie, François Desmeules, Debbie E Feldman, Kadija Perreault
RATIONALE: The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders is high and expected to increase in the next decade. Persons suffering from musculoskeletal disorders benefit from early physiotherapy services. However, access to publicly funded physiotherapy services has been shown to be compromised by long waiting times and limited availability of resources in many countries around the world. Decisions on resource allocation may create geographic disparities in provision and access to services, which may result in inequity in access...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024971/early-predictors-of-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-in-the-life-course-of-women
#7
Nathalie Auger, Caroline Quach, Jessica Healy-Profitós, Trish Dinh, Michaël Chassé
Background: We sought to determine if immune disorders early in life were associated with the later risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome, a neurological disorder thought to be infection-related. Methods: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study with 16 108 819 person-years of follow-up for a population of 1 108 541 parous women in Quebec, Canada (1989-2014). The outcome was Guillain-Barré syndrome. We identified women with potential risk factors for future Guillain-Barré syndrome, including immune-mediated and rheumatological diseases, cancer, transfusion, surgical procedures and pregnancy-specific disorders...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022138/associated-and-mediating-variables-related-to-quality-of-life-among-service-users-with-mental-disorders
#8
Marie-Josée Fleury, Guy Grenier, Jean-Marie Bamvita
PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify variables associated with quality of life (QoL) and mediating variables among 338 service users with mental disorders in Quebec (Canada). Data were collected using nine standardized questionnaires and participant medical records. METHODS: Quality of life was assessed with the Satisfaction with Life Domains Scale. Independent variables were organized into a six-block conceptual framework. Using structural equation modeling, associated and mediating variables related to QoL were identified...
October 11, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020069/prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-acquiring-measles-during-the-2011-outbreak-in-quebec-and-impact-of-the-province-wide-school-based-vaccination-campaign-on-population-immunity
#9
Marie-Noëlle Billard, Gaston De Serres, Marie-Claude Gariépy, Nicole Boulianne, Eveline Toth, Monique Landry, Danuta M Skowronski
BACKGROUND: A large measles outbreak occurred in Quebec, Canada, in 2011. Although nearly two-thirds of the cases occurred in only two health districts, a mass vaccination campaign targeting all Quebec elementary and high school students without valid two-dose history was undertaken to prevent future outbreaks. We compared rates of non-vaccination and age at first measles vaccine dose among students in the two most-affected districts and the rest of the province and estimated the improvement in overall student measles immunity due to the mass school-based vaccination campaign...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985379/xylogenesis-in-stems-and-roots-after-thinning-in-the-boreal-forest-of-quebec-canada
#10
Audrey Lemay, Cornelia Krause, Sergio Rossi, Alexis Achim, Annikki Mäkelä
The reduction of competition through thinning increases radial growth in the stem and roots of many conifer species. However, not much is known about the effect of thinning on the dynamics of wood formation and intra-annual development of the growth ring, especially in the roots, which are an essential part of the tree for stability and resource acquisition. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an experimental thinning on the dynamics and phenology of xylogenesis in the stem and roots of black spruce and balsam fir...
June 28, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970756/-on-the-margins-and-not-the-mainstream-case-selection-for-the-implementation-of-community-based-primary-health-care-in-canada-and-new-zealand
#11
Kerry Kuluski, Nicolette Sheridan, Tim Kenealy, Mylaine Breton, Ann McKillop, Jay Shaw, Jason Xin Nie, Ross Eg Upshur, G Ross Baker, Walter P Wodchis
Healthcare system reforms are pushing beyond primary care to more holistic, integrated models of community based primary health care (CBPHC) to better meet the needs of aging populations and their carers. Across the world CBPHC is at varying stages of evolution and no standard model exists. In order to scale up and spread successful models of care it is important to study what works well and why to support broader efforts to implement, scale-up and spread promising innovations. The first step in this endevour is to select appropriate cases to study...
June 27, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964794/rasch-analyses-of-the-wheelchair-use-confidence-scale-for-power-wheelchair-users
#12
Brodie M Sakakibara, William C Miller, Paula W Rushton, Jan Miller Polgar
OBJECTIVE: To examine the dimensionality of the Wheelchair Use Confidence Scale for power wheelchair users (WheelCon-P); identify items that do not fit the Rasch Rating Scale model as well as redundant items for elimination; and determine the standard errors of measurement and reliability estimates for the entire range of measurements. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of cross-sectional data. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Volunteer participants (n=189) from British Columbia, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia, Canada were recruited for this study...
September 27, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28957412/cohort-profile-the-canadian-hiv-women-s-sexual-and-reproductive-health-cohort-study-chiwos
#13
Mona Loutfy, Alexandra de Pokomandy, V Logan Kennedy, Allison Carter, Nadia O'Brien, Karène Proulx-Boucher, Erin Ding, Johanna Lewis, Valerie Nicholson, Kerrigan Beaver, Saara Greene, Wangari Tharao, Anita Benoit, Danièle Dubuc, Jamie Thomas-Pavanel, Paul Sereda, Shahab Jabbari, Jayson H Shurgold, Guillaume Colley, Robert S Hogg, Angela Kaida
Globally, women are at increased vulnerability to HIV due to biological, social, structural, and political reasons. Women living with HIV also experience unique issues related to their medical and social healthcare, which makes a clinical care model specific to their needs worthy of exploration. Furthermore, there is a dearth of research specific to women living with HIV. Research for this population has often been narrowly focused on pregnancy-related issues without considering their complex structural inequalities, social roles, and healthcare and biological needs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945772/health-technology-assessments-conducted-in-health-care-facilities-a-strategic-practice-findings-from-a-content-analysis-of-hta-reports
#14
Mathieu Ouimet, Pascal Lalancette, Alexandre Racine
In this paper, we test the hypothesis that health technology assessment units located in hospitals tend to be more optimistic toward technologies that are currently in use in their organization than technologies that are not. The data include 108 health technologies assessed in 87 full-scale health technology assessment reports produced by the four main local health technology assessment units in Quebec (Canada) on behalf of decision makers from the same facility. We found that 58 (53.7 percent) of the 108 technologies were currently in use within the hospital during their assessment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930249/anti-inflammatory-antioxidant-antibiotic-and-cytotoxic-activities-of-tanacetum-vulgare-l-essential-oil-and-its-constituents
#15
Héloïse Coté, Marie-Anne Boucher, André Pichette, Jean Legault
Background:Tanacetum vulgare L. (Asteraceae) is a perennial herb that has been used to treat multiple ailments. Regional variability of the chemical composition of T. vulgare essential oils is well-known. Despite these regional chemotypes, most relevant studies did not analyze the complete chemical composition of the T. vulgare essential oil and its constituents in relation to their biological activities. Here, we assess the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, and cytotoxic activities of T. vulgare collected from northern Quebec (Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean), Canada...
May 25, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918232/childhood-maltreatment-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-behaviors-unique-cumulative-and-interactive-effects
#16
Marie-Eve Thibodeau, Francine Lavoie, Martine Hébert, Martin Blais
Child maltreatment has been associated with sexual risk behaviors. Previous investigators have typically studied only one form of maltreatment, preventing them from exploring interrelations between forms of maltreatment and their impact on sexual risk behaviors. Thus, this study aims to examine the unique, cumulative, and interactive effects of four maltreatment forms (sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect, and witnessing interparental violence) on sexual risk behaviors. The sample comprised 1940 sexually active adolescents (Mage=15...
October 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911976/gestational-diabetes-and-the-long-term-risk-of-cataract-surgery-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#17
Nathalie Auger, Tina Tang, Jessica Healy-Profitós, Gilles Paradis
AIMS: We assessed the long-term risk of cataract following a pregnancy complicated by gestational diabetes. METHODS: We carried out a longitudinal cohort study of 1,108,541 women who delivered infants between 1989-2013 in Quebec, Canada, with follow-up extending up to 25years later. The cohort included 71,862 women with gestational diabetes and 5247 with cataracts. We used Cox regression models to estimate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association of gestational diabetes with subsequent risk of cataract, adjusted for age, parity, socioeconomic status, time period, comorbidity, and type 2 diabetes...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902477/food-marketing-to-children-in-canada-a-settings-based-scoping-review-on-exposure-power-and-impact
#18
Rachel Prowse
INTRODUCTION: Food marketing impacts children's food knowledge, behaviours and health. Current regulations in Canada focus on restricting promotional aspects of food marketing with little-to-no consideration of the places where children experience food. Understanding food marketing in children's everyday settings is necessary to protect children. This scoping review describes the current literature on food marketing to children in Canada by setting. METHODS: The author searched databases for Canadian research on children's exposure to food marketing, and the power and impact of food marketing to children (2-17 years) across settings, and on how current regulations may mediate the effect of food marketing on children...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902476/the-healthfulness-and-prominence-of-sugar-in-child-targeted-breakfast-cereals-in-canada
#19
Monique Potvin Kent, Cher Cameron, Sarah Philippe
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to compare the nutritional content and healthfulness of child-targeted and "not child-targeted" breakfast cereals and to assess the predominance of added sugar in these products. METHODS: We collected data on the nutritional content of 262 unique breakfast cereals found in the five largest grocery store chains in Ottawa (Ontario) and Gatineau (Quebec). We noted the first five ingredients and the number of added sugars present in each cereal from the ingredients list...
September 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902453/implementing-a-web-based-introductory-bioinformatics-course-for-non-bioinformaticians-that-incorporates-practical-exercises
#20
Antony T Vincent, Yves Bourbonnais, Jean-Simon Brouard, Hélène Deveau, Arnaud Droit, Stéphane M Gagné, Michel Guertin, Claude Lemieux, Louis Rathier, Steve J Charette, Patrick Lagüe
A recent scientific discipline, bioinformatics, defined as using informatics for the study of biological problems, is now a requirement for the study of biological sciences. Bioinformatics has become such a powerful and popular discipline that several academic institutions have created programs in this field, allowing students to become specialized. However, biology students who are not involved in a bioinformatics program also need a solid toolbox of bioinformatics software and skills. Therefore, we have developed a completely online bioinformatics course for non-bioinformaticians, entitled "BIF-1901 Introduction à la bio-informatique et à ses outils (Introduction to bioinformatics and bioinformatics tools)," given by the Department of Biochemistry, Microbiology, and Bioinformatics of Université Laval (Quebec City, Canada)...
September 13, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
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