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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725391/explaining-naturalization-and-invasiveness-new-insights-from-historical-ornamental-plant-catalogs
#1
Claude Lavoie, Simon Joly, Alexandre Bergeron, Geneviève Guay, Elisabeth Groeneveld
We identified plant attributes associated with naturalization and invasiveness using century-old ornamental plant catalogs from Québec (Canada). We tested the hypothesis that naturalization is determined by fewer factors than invasiveness, as the latter also requires dispersal, which introduces additional complexity. The approach we used took into account not only plant attributes as explanatory factors, but also propagule pressure, while accounting for phylogenetic relationships among species. Museum collections were used, in combination with scientific journal databases, to assess invasiveness...
October 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715609/new-graduate-nurses-professional-commitment-antecedents-and-outcomes
#2
Sylvie Guerrero, Denis Chênevert, Steven Kilroy
PURPOSE: This study examines the factors that increase new graduate nurses' professional commitment and how this professional commitment in turn affects professional turnover intentions, anxiety, and physical health symptoms. DESIGN: The study was carried out in association with the nursing undergraduate's affiliation of Quebec, Canada. A three-wave longitudinal design was employed among nursing students. Nurses were surveyed before they entered the labor market, and then twice after they started working...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708945/methods-used-for-immunization-coverage-assessment-in-canada-a-canadian-immunization-research-network-cirn-study
#3
Sarah E Wilson, Susan Quach, Shannon E MacDonald, Monika Naus, Shelley L Deeks, Natasha S Crowcroft, Salaheddin M Mahmud, Dat Tran, Jeff Kwong, Karen Tu, Nicolas L Gilbert, Caitlin Johnson, Shalini Desai
Accurate and complete immunization data are necessary to assess vaccine coverage, safety and effectiveness. Across Canada, different methods and data sources are used to assess vaccine coverage, but these have not been systematically described. Our primary objective was to examine and describe the methods used to determine immunization coverage in Canada. The secondary objective was to compare routine infant and childhood coverage estimates derived from the Canadian 2013 Childhood National Immunization Coverage Survey (cNICS) with estimates collected from provinces and territories (P/Ts)...
July 14, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705514/bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-bcg-vaccination-patterns-in-the-province-of-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada-1956-1974
#4
Marie-Claude Rousseau, Florence Conus, Khady Kâ, Mariam El-Zein, Marie-Élise Parent, Dick Menzies
BACKGROUND: In the province of Québec, Canada, the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine was offered to newborns and school-age children from the 1950s to mid-1970s in an organized tuberculosis prevention program. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the annual rates of skin test administration, proportion of skin tests that were positive, and rates of BCG vaccination from 1956 to 1974 according to age, sex, and administrative region. METHODS: For rates, numerators were extracted from the Québec BCG Vaccination Registry whereas population denominators were obtained from the Canadian Census and governmental publications...
July 10, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653746/discovery-of-the-oldest-record-of-nitellopsis-obtusa-charophyceae-charophyta-in-north-america
#5
Kenneth G Karol, Robin S Sleith
Studies of the colonization and spread of invasive species improves our understanding of key concepts in population biology as well as informs control and prevention efforts. The characean green alga Nitellopsis obtusa (starry stonewort) is rare in its native Eurasian range but listed by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) as an aggressive invasive in North America. First documented in North America in 1978 from New York, U.S.A., it has since been reported from numerous inland lakes from Minnesota to Vermont, and from Lake Ontario and inland lakes in southern Ontario, Canada...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651552/understanding-factors-affecting-collaboration-between-midwives-and-other-health-care-professionals-in-a-birth-center-and-its-affiliated-quebec-hospital-a-case-study
#6
Roxana Behruzi, Stephanie Klam, Marleen Dehertog, Vania Jimenez, Marie Hatem
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the processes of collaboration between midwives who work in the birthing centers, and hospital-based obstetricians, family physicians and nurses may promote cooperation among professionals providing maternity care in both institutions. The aim of this research was to explore the barriers and facilitators of the interprofessional and interorganizational collaboration between midwives in birthing centers and other health care professionals in hospitals in Quebec...
June 26, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651529/supporting-nurse-practitioners-practice-in-primary-healthcare-settings-a-three-level-qualitative-model
#7
Véronique Chouinard, Damien Contandriopoulos, Mélanie Perroux, Catherine Larouche
BACKGROUND: While greater reliance on nurse practitioners in primary healthcare settings can improve service efficiency and accessibility, their integration is not straightforward, challenging existing role definitions of both registered nurses and physicians. Developing adequate support practices is therefore essential in primary healthcare nurse practitioners' integration. This study's main objective is to examine different structures and mechanisms put in place to support the development of primary healthcare nurse practitioner's practice in different healthcare settings, and develop a practical model for identifying and planning adequate support practices...
June 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645059/association-of-elevated-ambient-temperature-with-death-from-cocaine-overdose
#8
Nathalie Auger, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Maud Emmanuelle Labesse, Tom Kosatsky
BACKGROUND: Ecologic data suggest that elevated outdoor temperature is correlated with mortality rates from cocaine overdose. Using non-aggregated death records, we studied the association of hot temperatures with risk of death from cocaine overdose. METHODS: We carried out a case-crossover study of all deaths from cocaine or other drug overdose between the months of May and September, from 2000 through 2013 in Quebec, Canada. We used conditional logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the association between maximum outdoor temperature and death from cocaine or other drug overdose...
June 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619137/determinants-of-virulence-and-of-resistance-to-ceftiofur-gentamicin-and-spectinomycin-in-clinical-escherichia-coli-from-broiler-chickens-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada
#9
Gabhan Chalmers, Ashley C Cormier, Marie Nadeau, Geneviève Côté, Richard J Reid-Smith, Patrick Boerlin
Antimicrobials are frequently used for the prevention of avian colibacillosis, with gentamicin used for this purpose in Québec until 2003. Ceftiofur was also used similarly, but voluntarily withdrawn in 2005 due to increasing resistance. Spectinomycin-lincomycin was employed as a replacement, but ceftiofur use was partially reinstated in 2007 until its definitive ban by the poultry industry in 2014. Gentamicin resistance frequency increased during the past decade in clinical Escherichia coli isolates from broiler chickens in Québec, despite this antimicrobial no longer being used...
May 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616934/temporal-trends-in-the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diagnosed-adhd-in-children-and-young-adults-between-1999-and-2012-in-canada-a-data-linkage-study
#10
Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Fatoumata Binta Diallo, Louis Rochette, Mark Smith, Donald Langille, Elizabeth Lin, Steve Kisely, Eric Fombonne, Angus H Thompson, Johanne Renaud, Alain Lesage
OBJECTIVE: There is a need for the routine monitoring of treated attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for timely policy making. The objective is to report and assess over a decade the prevalence and incidence of diagnosed ADHD in Canada. METHODS: Administrative linked patient data from the provinces of Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and Nova Scotia were obtained from the same sources as the Canadian Chronic Diseases Surveillance Systems to assess the prevalence and incidence of a primary physician diagnosis of ADHD ( ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes: 314, F90...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588959/assessment-of-the-implementation-fidelity-of-the-arctic-char-distribution-project-in-nunavik-quebec
#11
Lara Gautier, Catherine M Pirkle, Christopher Furgal, Michel Lucas
BACKGROUND: In September 2011, the Nunavik Regional Board of Health and Social Services began supporting the Arctic Char Distribution Project (AC/DP) for pregnant women. This initiative promoted consumption of the fish Arctic char-a traditional Inuit food-by pregnant women living in villages of Nunavik, an area in northern Quebec (Canada) inhabited predominantly by people of Inuit ethnicity. This intervention was intended to reduce exposure to contaminants and improve food security in Inuit communities...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578608/do-gender-predominant-primary-health-care-organizations-have-an-impact-on-patient-experience-of-care-use-of-services-and-unmet-needs
#12
Raynald Pineault, Roxane Borgès Da Silva, Sylvie Provost, Michel Fournier, Alexandre Prud'homme, Jean-Frédéric Levesque
Physicians' gender can have an impact on many aspects of patient experience of care. Organization processes through which the influence of gender is exerted have not been fully explored. The aim of this article is to compare primary health care (PHC) organizations in which female or male doctors are predominant regarding organization and patient characteristics, and to assess their influence on experience of care, preventive care delivery, use of services, and unmet needs. In 2010, we conducted surveys of a population stratified sample (N = 9180) and of all PHC organizations (N = 606) in 2 regions of the province of Québec, Canada...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549882/trends-in-the-use-of-laboratory-tests-for-the-diagnosis-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-and-association-with-incidence-rates-in-quebec-canada-2010-2014
#13
C Bogaty, S Lévesque, C Garenc, C Frenette, D Bolduc, L-A Galarneau, C Lalancette, V Loo, C Tremblay, M Trudeau, J Vachon, M Dionne, J Villeneuve, J Longtin, Y Longtin
BACKGROUND: Several Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) surveillance programs do not specify laboratory strategies to use. We investigated the evolution in testing strategies used across Quebec, Canada, and its association with incidence rates. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 95 hospitals by surveys conducted in 2010 and in 2013-2014. The association between testing strategies and institutional CDI incidence rates was analyzed via multivariate Poisson regressions...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549308/climate-and-the-eye-case-crossover-analysis-of-retinal-detachment-after-exposure-to-ambient-heat
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nathalie Auger, Marc-André Rhéaume, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Tina Tang, Tom Kosatsky
BACKGROUND: Retinal detachment is an important cause of visual loss, but the association with outdoor heat exposure has not been studied. Our objective was to determine the relationship between acute exposure to high outdoor temperature and risk of retinal detachment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed 14,302 individuals with inpatient procedures for retinal detachment from April through September between 2006 and 2013 in the province of Quebec, Canada. Using a time-stratified case-crossover study design, we examined the association of retinal detachment with outdoor summer temperature the preceding week...
August 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532628/milestones-barriers-and-beacons-shared-decision-making-in-canada-inches-ahead
#15
France Légaré, Dawn Stacey, Pierre-Gerlier Forest, Marie-France Coutu, Patrick Archambault, Laura Boland, Holly O Witteman, Annie LeBlanc, Krystina B Lewis, Anik M C Giguere
Canada's approach to shared decision making (SDM) remains as disparate as its healthcare system; a conglomerate of 14 public plans - ten provincial, three territorial and one federal. The healthcare research funding environment has been largely positive for SDM because there was funding for knowledge translation research which also encompassed SDM. The funding climate currently places new emphasis on patient involvement in research and on patient empowerment in healthcare. SDM fields have expanded from primary care to elder care, paediatrics, emergency and critical care medicine, cardiology, nutrition, occupational therapy and workplace rehabilitation...
May 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532428/practices-of-lyme-disease-diagnosis-and-treatment-by-general-practitioners-in-quebec-2008-2015
#16
Salima Gasmi, Nicholas H Ogden, Patrick A Leighton, Ariane Adam-Poupart, François Milord, L Robbin Lindsay, Sapha Barkati, Karine Thivierge
BACKGROUND: Lyme disease (LD), a multisystem infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (B. burgdorferi), is the most reported vector-borne disease in North America, and by 2020, 80% of the population in central and eastern Canada could live in LD risk areas. Among the key factors for minimising the impact of LD are the accurate diagnosis and appropriate management of patients bitten by ticks. In this study, the practices of Quebec general practitioners (GPs) on LD diagnosis and management of patients bitten by infected ticks are described...
May 22, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528578/a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-reduce-caesarean-delivery-rates-in-quebec-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#17
Mira Johri, Edmond S W Ng, Clara Bermudez-Tamayo, Jeffrey S Hoch, Thierry Ducruet, Nils Chaillet
BACKGROUND: Widespread increases in caesarean section (CS) rates have sparked concerns about risks to mothers and infants and rising healthcare costs. A multicentre, two-arm, cluster-randomized trial in Quebec, Canada assessed whether an audit and feedback intervention targeting health professionals would reduce CS rates for pregnant women compared to usual care, and concluded that it reduced CS rates without adverse effects on maternal or neonatal health. The effect was statistically significant but clinically small...
May 22, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528409/polychlorinated-biphenyl-related-alterations-of-the-expression-of-essential-genes-in-harbour-seals-phoca-vitulina-from-coastal-sites-in-canada-and-the-united-states
#18
Marie Noël, Neil Dangerfield, Steve Jeffries, Dyanna Lambourn, Monique Lance, Caren Helbing, Michel Lebeuf, Peter S Ross
As long-lived marine mammals found throughout the temperate coastal waters of the North Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) have become an invaluable sentinel of food-web contamination. Their relatively high trophic position predisposes harbour seals to the accumulation of harmful levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). We obtained skin/blubber biopsy samples from live-captured young harbour seals from various sites in the northeastern Pacific (British Columbia, Canada, and Washington State, USA) as well as the northwestern Atlantic (Newfoundland and Quebec, Canada)...
May 20, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526372/the-impact-of-drinking-age-laws-on-perpetration-of-sexual-assault-crimes-in-canada-2009-2013
#19
Jodi M Gatley, Marcos Sanches, Claire Benny, Samantha Wells, Russell C Callaghan
PURPOSE: Sexual-assault crimes, primarily perpetrated by males against female victims, impose a substantial burden on societies worldwide, especially on youth. Given that approximately half of all sexual assaults involve alcohol consumption by the perpetrator or victim, it is reasonable to expect that minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) restrictions might have an effect on sexual-assault patterns. Canadian MLDA laws are 18 years in Quebec, Alberta, and Manitoba (MLDA-18), and 19 years in the rest of the country (MLDA-19)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524641/nursing-philosophy-2016-response-to-peter-allmark-s-article-aristotle-for-nursing
#20
Beverly J B Whelton
Preparing to lecture on Aristotle's contribution to Nursing at the International Philosophy of Nursing Conference August 22, 2016, in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, I came upon the recently published article by my IPONS colleague, Allmark (2016), "Aristotle for Nursing." Allmark (2016) provides a comprehensive and understandable overview of Aristotle's philosophical system including the substantial nature of being and the four causes of change. Nurses using Aristotle to support practice and theoretical research will benefit from a careful reading of Allmark to enrich their use of the realist understanding of knowledge of nature (epistemology) and the matter-form causal relationships within natural being (ontology and teleology)...
May 19, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
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