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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471543/current-and-future-potential-risk-of-establishment-of-grapholita-molesta-lepidoptera-tortricidae-in-washington-state
#1
Lisa G Neven, Sunil Kumar, Wee L Yee, Tewodros Wakie
The oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Busck) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), is a primary pest of stone fruits that cause significant economic damage. Larvae, which enter the host plant through shoot tips, damage shoots, and ripe fruits. Native to Asia, this pest now occurs in many fruit-growing countries, including the United States and Canada. Though the pest was previously reported from many states within the United States, its current distribution and the environmental variables that influence its distribution are not properly identified...
February 17, 2018: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471461/gendered-pathways-to-burnout-results-from-the-salveo-study
#2
Nancy Beauregard, Alain Marchand, Jaunathan Bilodeau, Pierre Durand, Andrée Demers, Victor Y Haines
Aim: Burnout is a pervasive mental health problem in the workforce, with mounting evidence suggesting ties with occupational and safety outcomes such as work injuries, critical events and musculoskeletal disorders. While environmental [work and non-work, work-to-family conflict (WFC)] and individual (personality) pathways to burnout are well documented, little is known about how gender comes to influence such associative patterns. The aim of the study consisted in examining gendered pathways to burnout...
February 19, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471427/health-and-work-in-women-and-men-in-the-welding-and-electrical-trades-how-do-they-differ
#3
Nicola Cherry, Victoria Arrandale, Jeremy Beach, Jean-Michel F Galarneau, Antonia Mannette, Laura Rodgers
Objectives: There is little information on how work tasks, demands, and exposures differ between women and men in nominally the same job. This is critical in setting workplace standards that will protect the health of both men and those women moving into less traditional work roles. Information used in setting standards is currently based almost entirely on male workers. This paper describes differences in work and health, and the relation between them, in women and men who have undergone the same trade training for the welding or electrical trades...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471420/ethics-effectiveness-and-population-health-information-interventions-a-canadian-analysis
#4
Devon Greyson, Rod Knight, Jean A Shoveller
Population health information interventions (PHIIs) use information in efforts to promote health. PHIIs may push information to a target audience (communication), pull information from the public (surveillance), or combine both in a bidirectional intervention. Although PHIIs have often been framed as non-invasive and ethically innocuous, in reality they may be intrusive into people's lives, affecting not only their health but their senses of security, respect, and self-determination. Ethical acceptability of PHIIs may have impacts on intervention effectiveness, potentially giving rise to unintended consequences...
February 19, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471418/skin-specific-training-experience-of-workers-assessed-for-contact-dermatitis
#5
B Zack, V Arrandale, D L Holness
Background: Contact dermatitis is a common and preventable work-related disease. Skin-specific training may be effective for preventing occupational contact dermatitis, but little information is available regarding actual workplace training and its effectiveness. Aims: To describe workplace skin-specific training among workers with suspected contact dermatitis. Methods: Patch test patients being assessed for suspected contact dermatitis at an occupational health clinic in Toronto, Canada, completed a questionnaire on training experiences, workplace characteristics, exposures and skin protection practices...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471318/family-physician-awareness-of-charles-bonnet-syndrome
#6
Keith D Gordon, Tina Felfeli
Background: Charles Bonnet syndrome is characterized by formed visual hallucinations in individuals with vision loss. It is reported that one in five older adults with vision loss suffer from Charles Bonnet syndrome and the suspected lack of awareness amongst family physicians may lead to misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment. Objective: To assess Canadian family physicians' awareness of Charles Bonnet syndrome. Methods: We conducted a national perception and practices survey of family physicians across Canada to assess (i) the level of awareness of Charles Bonnet syndrome amongst family physicians; (ii) the frequency of family physicians' encounters with patients with visual hallucinations and (iii) management strategies and referral patterns for patients with Charles Bonnet syndrome presenting to family physicians...
February 17, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471124/methods-and-procedures-for-a-randomized-double-blind-study-investigating-dose-dependent-longitudinal-effects-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-bone-health
#7
Lauren A Burt, Sharon Gaudet, Michelle Kan, Marianne S Rose, Emma O Billington, Steven K Boyd, David A Hanley
The optimum dose of vitamin D and corresponding serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentration for bone health is still debated and some health practitioners are recommending doses well above the Canada/USA recommended Dietary Reference Intake (DRI). We designed a three-year randomized double-blind clinical trial investigating whether there are dose-dependent effects of vitamin D supplementation above the Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) on bone health. The primary aims of this study are to assess, whether supplementation of vitamin D3 increases 1) volumetric bone mineral density measured by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT); 2) bone strength assessed by finite element analysis, and 3) areal bone mineral density by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
February 19, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470821/is-eq-5d-5l-better-than-eq-5d-3l-a-head-to-head-comparison-of-descriptive-systems-and-value-sets-from-seven-countries
#8
Mathieu F Janssen, Gouke J Bonsel, Nan Luo
OBJECTIVE: This study describes the first empirical head-to-head comparison of EQ-5D-3L (3L) and EQ-5D-5L (5L) value sets for multiple countries. METHODS: A large multinational dataset, including 3L and 5L data for eight patient groups and a student cohort, was used to compare 3L versus 5L value sets for Canada, China, England/UK (5L/3L, respectively), Japan, The Netherlands, South Korea and Spain. We used distributional analyses and two methods exploring discriminatory power: relative efficiency as assessed by the F statistic, and an area under the curve for the receiver-operating characteristics approach...
February 22, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470717/risk-of-central-nervous-system-defects-in-offspring-of-women-with-and-without-mental-illness
#9
Aimina Ayoub, William D Fraser, Nancy Low, Laura Arbour, Jessica Healy-Profitós, Nathalie Auger
We sought to determine the relationship between maternal mental illness and the risk of having an infant with a central nervous system defect. We analyzed a cohort of 654,882 women aged less than 20 years between 1989 and 2013 who later delivered a live born infant in any hospital in Quebec, Canada. The primary exposure was mental illness during pregnancy or hospitalization for mental illness before pregnancy. The outcomes were neural and non-neural tube defects of the central nervous system in any offspring...
February 22, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470319/splenic-rupture-in-children-with-portal-hypertension
#10
Orith Waisbourd-Zinman, Amit Shah, Henry C Lin, Elizabeth B Rand
INTRODUCTION: Massive splenomegaly from portal hypertension (PHTN) in children raises the specter of splenic rupture; however, the incidence, etiology, and risk of rupture have not been studied, nor have existing practices to reduce risk. We therefore performed an international survey to describe the splenic rupture cases in PHTN and to describe the existing empirical practice among hepatologists. METHODS: A questionnaire was constructed to elicit cases of splenic rupture and collect hepatologists' common practices for prevention of splenic rupture...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469994/what-is-your-diagnosis-cutaneous-nodules-and-atypical-blood-cells-in-a-dog
#11
Ricardo Marcos, Ana Canadas, Liliana Leite-Martins, Jorge Ribeiro, Joana Santos, Augusto de Matos, John W Harvey, Marta Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469948/sensory-acceptability-of-iron-fortified-red-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-dal
#12
Rajib Podder, Shaan M Khan, Bunyamin Tar'an, Robert T Tyler, Carol J Henry, Chowdhury Jalal, Phyllis J Shand, Albert Vandenberg
Panelists in Saskatoon, Canada (n = 45) and Dhaka, Bangladesh (n = 98) participated in sensory evaluations of the sensory properties of both cooked and uncooked dehulled red lentil dal fortified with FeSO4 ·7H2 O, NaFeEDTA or FeSO4 ·H2 O at fortificant Fe concentrations of 800, 1,600 (both cooked and uncooked), or 2,800 ppm. Appearance, odor, and overall acceptability of cooked and uncooked samples were rated using a 9-point hedonic scale (1 = dislike extremely to 9 = like extremely). Taste and texture were rated for the cooked samples prepared as typical south Asian lentil meals...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469581/a-comprehensive-examination-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-hare-psychopathy-checklist-revised-in-a-canadian-multisite-sample-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-offenders
#13
Mark E Olver, Craig S Neumann, Lindsay A Sewall, Kathy Lewis, Robert D Hare, Stephen C P Wong
The present study examined the psychometric properties of Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003) scores in a multisite sample of 1,163 federally incarcerated Canadian indigenous and non-indigenous offenders from the Prairie Region of the Correctional Service of Canada. The research occurred against the backdrop of the Ewert v. Canada (2015) matter, in which the PCL-R was originally impugned in Federal Court for use with indigenous persons (later overturned in Canada v. Ewert, 2016). Indigenous men scored higher than non-indigenous men on most components of the PCL-R and had higher rates of recidivism, irrespective of follow-up...
February 22, 2018: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468089/the-necessary-conditions-of-engagement-for-the-therapeutic-relationship-in-physiotherapy-an-interpretive-description-study
#14
Maxi Miciak, Maria Mayan, Cary Brown, Anthony S Joyce, Douglas P Gross
Background: The therapeutic relationship between patient and physiotherapist is a central component of patient-centred care and has been positively associated with better physiotherapy clinical outcomes. Despite its influence, we do not know what conditions enable a physiotherapist and patient to establish and maintain a therapeutic relationship. This knowledge has implications for how clinicians approach their interactions with patients and for the development of an assessment tool that accurately reflects the nature of the therapeutic relationship...
2018: Archives of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467057/prevalence-and-predictors-of-involuntary-psychiatric-hospital-admissions-in-ontario-canada-a-population-based-linked-administrative-database-study
#15
Michael Lebenbaum, Maria Chiu, Simone Vigod, Paul Kurdyak
BACKGROUND: Involuntary admissions to psychiatric hospitals are common; however, research examining the trends in prevalence over time and predictors is limited. Aims To examine trends in prevalence and risk factors for involuntary admissions in Ontario, Canada. METHOD: We conducted an analysis of all mental health bed admissions from 2009 to 2013 and assessed the association between patient sociodemographics, service utilisation, pathway to care and severity characteristics for involuntary admissions using a modified Poisson regression...
March 2018: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466863/observe-5-comparison-of-etanercept-treated-psoriasis-patients-from-canada-and-the-united-states
#16
Kim A Papp, Marc Bourcier, Yves Poulin, Charles W Lynde, Martin Gilbert, Melanie Poulin-Costello, Lieven Billen, Maya Isaila
BACKGROUND: OBSERVE-5 surveillance registry results evaluating etanercept safety and effectiveness in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis from Canada and the United States have been reported from data collected between May 2006 and December 2012. Although both countries have an identical indicated starting dose, the maintenance dose can differ and thus affect management strategies and outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term safety and effectiveness outcomes of etanercept in the Canadian and US cohorts...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466236/mentoring-as-a-knowledge-translation-intervention-for-implementing-nursing-practice-guidelines-a-qualitative-study
#17
Ghadah Abdullah, Kathryn A S Higuchi, Jenny Ploeg, Dawn Stacey
An interpretive descriptive qualitative study was conducted to explore the characteristics and outcomes of mentoring used for implementing nursing practice guidelines. We interviewed six mentees, eight mentors, and four program leaders who were involved in the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario fellowship program in Ontario, Canada. Inductive content analysis was used and study rigor was verified using triangulation of findings and member checking. Mentors were described as accessible, dedicated, and having expertise; mentees were described as enthusiastic, self-directed, and having mixed levels of expertise...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466093/efficacy-of-a-web-based-tailored-intervention-to-reduce-cannabis-use-among-young-people-attending-adult-education-centers-in-quebec
#18
José Côté, Sébastien Tessier, Hélène Gagnon, Nicole April, Geneviève Rouleau, Miguel Chagnon
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use is common among young adults. Web-based interventions are an increasingly popular way to reach this population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a Web-based tailored intervention, developed on theoretical and empirical grounds, to reduce cannabis use among young people by promoting a more positive intention to abstain. METHODS: An experimental design was employed to evaluate the efficacy of the intervention in reducing cannabis use (primary outcome) by bolstering intention (secondary outcome) to abstain from use...
February 21, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465774/measuring-resilience-to-operational-stress-in-canadian-armed-forces-personnel
#19
Sarah C Hellewell, Ibolja Cernak
Adaptability to stress is governed by innate resilience, comprised of complex neuroendocrine and immune mechanisms alongside inherited or learned behavioral traits. Based on their capacity to adapt, some people thrive in stressful situations, whereas others experience maladaptation. In our study, we used state-of-the-art tools to assess the resilience level in individuals, as well as their susceptibility to developing military stress-induced behavioral and cognitive deficits. To address this complex question, we tested Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) personnel in three distinct stress environments (baselines): during predeployment training, deployment in Afghanistan, and readjustment upon return to Canada...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465739/analysis-of-trends-in-the-prevalence-of-cannabis-use-in-canada-1985-to-2015
#20
Michelle Rotermann, Ryan Macdonald
BACKGROUND: The Canadian federal government has committed to legalize, regulate, and restrict non-medical cannabis use by adults in 2018. To prepare for monitoring the health, social and economic impacts of this policy change, a greater understanding of the long-term trends in the prevalence of cannabis use in Canada is needed. DATA AND METHODS: Nine national surveys of the household population collected information about cannabis use during the period from 1985 through 2015...
February 21, 2018: Health Reports
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