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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228307/superordinate-precision-an-examination-of-academic-writing-among-bilingual-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-students
#1
Jessica A Scott, Robert J Hoffmeister
Academic English is an essential literacy skill area for success in post-secondary education and in many work environments. Despite its importance, academic English is understudied with deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) students. Nascent research in this area suggests that academic English, alongside American Sign Language (ASL) fluency, may play an important role in the reading proficiency of DHH students in middle and high school. The current study expands this research to investigate academic English by examining student proficiency with a sub-skill of academic writing called superordinate precision, the taxonomical categorization of a term...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227860/respiratory-syncytial-virus-in-brazilian-infants-ten-years-two-cohorts
#2
Elinara Wollmeister, Alfonso Eduardo Alvarez, Juliana Cristina Santiago Bastos, Fernando Augusto Lima Marson, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Emílio Carlos Elias Baracat, Clarice Weis Arns, Adriana Gut Lopes Riccetto
BACKGROUND: Each year, a considerable amount of children will experience at least one episode of acute viral bronchiolitis (AVB) during their first year of life. About 10% of them will be hospitalized, with significant physical and economic burdens. OBJECTIVES: To compare two cohorts of infants with AVB, from same region, in a ten-year interval, regarding epidemiologic factors and viral etiology. STUDY DESIGN: Cohorts: 142 (2004) and 172 (2014) infants at ages zero to 12 months; clinical diagnosis of AVB; medical care in hospital and genetic screening of nasopharyngeal secretion for respiratory viruses...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227853/joint-effect-of-education-and-age-at-childbirth-on-the-risk-of-caesarean-delivery-findings-from-germany-2008-2015
#3
L Castiglioni, C Schmiedeberg
OBJECTIVES: This article aims at assessing the joint effect of maternal age and education on the risk of having a caesarean delivery. As high maternal education is often associated with lower caesarean-birth rates, but high-educated women tend to postpone motherhood, these effects may offset each other in traditional analyses. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of the data from the German Family Panel pairfam. METHODS: The interview-based data refer to 1020 births between 2008 and 2015...
December 8, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227444/the-association-between-local-economic-conditions-and-opioid-prescriptions-among-disabled-medicare-beneficiaries
#4
Chao Zhou, Ning Neil Yu, Jan L Losby
BACKGROUND: This paper concerns public health crises today-the problem of opioid prescription access and related abuse. Inspired by Case and Deaton's seminal work on increasing mortality among white Americans with lower education, this paper explores the relationship between opioid prescribing and local economic factors. OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between county-level socioeconomic factors (median household income, unemployment rate, Gini index) and opioid prescribing...
January 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227338/associations-between-early-family-meal-environment-quality-and-later-well-being-in-school-age-children
#5
Marie-Josée Harbec, Linda S Pagani
OBJECTIVE: Past research suggests a positive link between family meals and child and adolescent health. Although researchers have often relied on how often families eat together, this may not capture the complexity of the experience. Using a birth cohort, this study examines the prospective associations between the environmental quality of the family meal experience at age 6 years and child well-being at age 10. METHODS: Participants are 1492 children of the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227233/examination-of-cross-sectional-associations-of-neighborhood-deprivation-and-alcohol-outlet-density-with-hazardous-drinking-using-a-twin-design
#6
Isaac C Rhew, Rick Kosterman, Glen E Duncan, Christina Mair
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine whether neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation and alcohol outlet density are associated with hazardous drinking using a co-twin design to control for confounding because of genetic and shared environmental factors. METHOD: The study sample included cross-sectional data from 1,996 same-sex adult twin pairs (mean age = 36.6; 65.9% female) from the Washington State Twin Registry. The Singh Index was used to characterize neighborhood social deprivation for participants' census tract of residence...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227056/the-value-of-supplementary-anatomy-workshops-for-improving-undergraduate-performance
#7
J Scott, G Louw, D Kahn
BACKGROUND: With many anatomy courses within the medical curriculum suffering reductions in lecture and dissection time, supplementary programs in anatomy have shown to improve performance of medical students. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of anatomy workshops on undergraduate anatomy grade performance. METHOD: From 2012 to 2014, mean anatomy and physiology scores of medical students who attended anatomy workshops were compared to those who did not attend...
November 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227026/the-prevalence-of-asthma-in-iranian-adults-the-first-national-survey-and-the-most-recent-updates
#8
Mohammad Reza Fazlollahi, Mehdi Najmi, Mojtaba Fallahnezhad, Nastaran Sabetkish, Anoushiravan Kazemnejad, Katayoon Bidad, Raheleh Shokouhi Shoormasti, Maryam Mahloujirad, Zahra Pourpak, Mostafa Moin
BACKGROUND: The worldwide increase in the prevalence of asthma has made it a major public-health concern. We aimed to identify the prevalence of asthma and asthma symptoms in adults living in urban and rural areas of Iran as a populated country with about 80 millions of residents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of asthma in adults between 20 to 44 years old in all provinces of Iran. Data were collected by personal interview via a standardized questionnaire (European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS)) between November 2015 and February 2016...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226997/participation-and-interest-in-support-services-among-family-caregivers-of-older-adults-with-cancer
#9
J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Allison J Applebaum, Katherine Ornstein, Andres Azuero, Paula P Warren, Richard A Taylor, Gabrielle Rocque, Elizabeth Kvale, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Maria Pisu, Edward Partridge, Michelle Y Martin, Marie Bakitas
OBJECTIVE: To describe distressed and underprepared family caregiver's use of and interest in formal support services (e.g., professional counseling, education, organizational assistance). METHODS: Cross-sectional mail survey conducted in communities of eight cancer centers in Tennessee, Alabama, and Florida (response rate: 42%). Family caregivers of Medicare beneficiaries with pancreatic, lung, brain, ovarian, head and neck, hematologic, and stage IV cancers reported support service use and completed validated measures of depression, anxiety, burden, preparedness, and health...
December 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226996/breast-and-gynecological-cancer-patients-risk-factors-associated-with-biopsychosocial-problem-related-distress
#10
Cristiane Decat Bergerot, Karen Lynn Clark, Richard Obenchain, Errol J Philip, Matthew Loscalzo
OBJECTIVES: Inequalities exist between breast and gynecological cancer patients' experiences, leading to high levels of distress throughout the cancer journey. The present study aims to identify differences in source of biopsychosocial problem-related distress between women diagnosed with breast or gynecological cancers. METHODS: From 2009 to 2016 women with breast (n=2,111) and gynecological (n=641) cancers were screened using the core items of the instrument You, Your Family, and City of Hope are a Team...
December 11, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226870/alzheimer-s-disease-progression-factors-influencing-cognitive-decline
#11
Camilla Ferrari, Gemma Lombardi, Cristina Polito, Giulia Lucidi, Silvia Bagnoli, Irene Piaceri, Benedetta Nacmias, Valentina Berti, Debora Rizzuto, Laura Fratiglioni, Sandro Sorbi
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients present high variability in the rate of cognitive decline. Despite the wide knowledge on factors influencing dementia risk, little is known on what accounts for AD progression. Previous studies on this topic have mainly analyzed each factor separately without taking into account the interaction between genetic and non-genetic factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to evaluate the role of demographic, clinical, therapeutic, and genetic factors and their interaction on cognitive decline among newly diagnosed AD patients...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226274/virtual-dissection-by-ultrasound-probe-handling-in-the-first-year-of-medical-education
#12
Graziano Serrao, Massimo Tassoni, Alberto M Magenta-Biasina, Antonio Giuseppe Mantero, Antonino Previtera, Michela Crisitna Turci, Elia Mario Biganzoli, Emanuela A M Bertolini
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the educational plan of first-year students of medicine by analyzing their scores in ultrasound body scanning. Methods: Since 2009, the San Paolo Medical School (Milan, Italy) has vertically integrated the study of anatomy with ultrasound-assisted virtual body dissection. Three modules were supplied: musculoskeletal system, heart and abdomen pelvis. 653 first-year students were trained. The students alternated as mutual model and operator...
September 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226221/male-and-female-residents-in-postgraduate-medical-education-a-gender-comparative-analysis-of-differences-in-career-perspectives-and-their-conditions-in-germany
#13
Stine Ziegler, Thomas Zimmermann, Lea Krause-Solberg, Martin Scherer, Hendrik van den Bussche
Aim: This article focuses on the gender-specific career differences of residents in their postgraduate medical education in Germany. In particular the structural obstacles female physicians have to overcome during residency are investigated. Moreover, the study examines the position preferences of male and female physicians in the hospital and in how far occupational self-efficacy corresponds to the interest in a hospital leading position. Methods: The KarMed-Study's database consists of annual postal surveys throughout the entire residency of medical students, who were in their "Practical Year" in 2008/2009...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226194/childhood-socioeconomic-status-and-stress-in-late-adulthood-a-longitudinal-approach-to-measuring-allostatic-load
#14
Katelyn Y Graves, Alexandra C H Nowakowski
Objectives: This study examines how the effects of childhood socioeconomic status (SES) may carry on into late adulthood. Methods: We examine how childhood SES affects both perceived stress and allostatic load, which is a cumulative measure of the body's biologic response to chronic stress. We use the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project, Waves 1 and 2, and suggest a novel method of incorporating a longitudinal allostatic load measure. Results: Individuals who grew up in low SES households have higher allostatic load scores in late adulthood, and this association is mediated mostly by educational attainment...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226170/inappropriate-management-of-asymptomatic-patients-with-positive-urine-cultures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Myrto Eleni Flokas, Nikolaos Andreatos, Michail Alevizakos, Alireza Kalbasi, Pelin Onur, Eleftherios Mylonakis
Background: Mismanagement of asymptomatic patients with positive urine cultures (referred to as asymptomatic bacteriuria [ASB] in the literature) promotes antimicrobial resistance and results in unnecessary antimicrobial-related adverse events and increased health care costs. Methods: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that reported on the rate of inappropriate ASB treatment published from 2004 to August 2016. The appropriateness of antimicrobial administration was based on guidelines published by the Infectious Diseases Society of America...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226016/civic-engagement-and-political-participation-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-in-the-us
#16
Kimberly R Huyser, Gabriel R Sanchez, Edward D Vargas
Within the growing literature seeking to understand civic and political engagement among racial and ethnic minorities, our understanding of political behavior among American Indian and Alaska Native's (AI/AN) remains limited. We use the Current Population Survey Civic Engagement and Voting and Registration supplements (2006-2012) to compare AI/AN voter registration, voting, and overall civic engagement to other racial and ethnic groups and to assess whether factors that predict higher levels of civic engagement vary across these populations...
2017: Politics, Groups & Identities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225950/is-living-in-a-gas-flaring-host-community-associated-with-being-hypertensive-evidence-from-the-niger-delta-region-of-nigeria
#17
Omosivie Maduka, Charles Tobin-West
Background: Researchers have linked gas flaring to climate change, the hastening of the epidemiological transition and an upsurge in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases. We sought to determine if a relationship exists between residing in a gas-flaring host community and hypertension. Methods: We conducted an analytical cross-sectional household survey among residents of 600 households in three gas-flaring and three non-gas-flaring host communities in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225915/mdhaq-rapid3-scores-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-are-similar-to-or-higher-than-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-cross-sectional-study-from-current-routine-rheumatology-care-at-four-sites
#18
Carlos El-Haddad, Isabel Castrejon, Kathryn A Gibson, Yusuf Yazici, Martin J Bergman, Theodore Pincus
Objective: To compare patients with a primary diagnosis of osteoarthritis (OA) versus rheumatoid arthritis (RA) for scores on a patient self-report MDHAQ/RAPID3 (Multidimensional Health Assessment Questionnaire/Routine Assessment of Patient Index Data 3), and for physician global assessment (DOCGL). Methods: All patients with all diagnoses complete an MDHAQ/RAPID3 at all routine rheumatology visits in the waiting area before seeing a rheumatologist at four sites, one in Australia and three in the USA...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225895/higher-health-literacy-is-associated-with-better-glycemic-control-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-a-cohort-study-among-1399-danes
#19
Kasper Olesen, Anne Louise F Reynheim, Lene Joensen, Martin Ridderstråle, Lars Kayser, Helle T Maindal, Richard H Osborne, Timothy Skinner, Ingrid Willaing
Aim: Self-management of diabetes is influenced by a range of factors including the ability to access, understand, appraise, and use of health information in everyday life, which can collectively be called health literacy. We investigated associations between nine domains of health literacy and HbA1c level in people with type 1 diabetes. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1399 people with type 1 diabetes attending a Danish specialist diabetes clinic...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225444/prevalence-and-correlates-of-major-depressive-symptoms-among-black-men-with-prostate-cancer
#20
Ballington L Kinlock, Lauren J Parker, Daniel L Howard, Janice V Bowie, Thomas A LaVeist, Roland J Thorpe
Objectives: The objectives of our study were to determine the prevalence of major depressive symptoms and identify factors that are associated with major depressive symptoms among Black men with prostate cancer (PCa). Design: This study consisted of 415 Black men aged 40-81 years that entered the North Carolina Central Cancer Registry during the years 2007-2008. The primary outcome variable was depressive symptoms (CES-D). Factors included age, income, education, insurance status, treatment received, time between diagnosis and treatment, Gleason score, medical mistrust and experience with racism/discrimination...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
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