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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679811/hepatitis-c-care-continuum-and-associated-barriers-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-chennai-india
#1
Eshan U Patel, Sunil S Solomon, Allison M Mcfall, Aylur K Srikrishnan, Amrose Pradeep, Paneerselvam Nandagopal, Oliver Laeyendecker, Aaron A R Tobian, David L Thomas, Mark S Sulkowski, M Suresh Kumar, Shruti H Mehta
BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding barriers to hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment among people who inject drugs (PWID) in low-resource settings, particularly in the era of direct-acting antiviral therapies. METHODS: Between March, 2015-August, 2016, a cross-sectional survey was administered to community-based PWID in Chennai, India to examine the HCV care continuum and associated barriers. Adjusted prevalence ratios (APR) were estimated by multivariable Poisson regression with robust variance...
April 18, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679620/longitudinal-association-between-periodontitis-and-development-of-diabetes-running-title-periodontitis-and-diabetes-development
#2
Kaumudi J Joshipura, Francisco J Muñoz-Torres, Bruce A Dye, Brian G Leroux, Margarita Ramírez-Vick, Cynthia M Pérez
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials have shown very modest short-term improvements in glycemic control among participants with diabetes after periodontitis treatment. Few longitudinal studies suggest that periodontitis may be related to prediabetes/diabetes risk. METHODS: We evaluated 1,206 diabetes free participants in the San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study (SOALS) and 941 with complete 3-year follow-up data were included. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) methods were used to assess periodontitis...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679433/students-attitudes-to-suicide-and-suicidal-persons-a-cross-national-and-cultural-comparison-between-turkey-and-united-kingdom
#3
Chris Flood, Mualla Yilmaz, Louise Phillips, Tracy Lindsay, Mehmet Eskin, Janet Hiley, Bahar Tasdelen
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a major public health issue internationally and the impact of positive or negative attitudes amongst the mental health professional workforce warrants scrutiny. The study aimed to examine English and Turkish nursing students' attitudes towards people with suicidal behaviour. METHOD: This cross-cultural study reports on attitudes of 240 nursing students towards suicide in Turkey and 82 nursing students in the UK. A reliable and valid twenty-four item 'Attitudes towards Suicide Scale' and 'Social Reactions to Suicidal Persons Scale' were used to measure attitudes...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679187/growth-a-journey-from-experience-to-higher-perception-among-iranian-muslim-cpr-survivors
#4
Seyed Hamid Seyed Bagheri, Masoud Rayyani, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Mahlagha Dehghan, Batool Tirgari, Seyed Habibollah Hosseini
Several studies have been conducted among cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) survivors. Some studies have shown that positive and negative experiences coexist. Emotional distress and psychopathology in CPR survivors are related to the urgent need to make growth. Understanding the meaning of CPR survivors' lived experiences of growth may facilitate their growth. The aim of the study was to illuminate the meaning of CPR survivor's lived experiences of growth in southeast Iran. A qualitative design using a phenomenological hermeneutic approach influenced by Ricoeur was used in 12 CPR survivors...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678802/lessons-from-the-dot-contraceptive-efficacy-study-analysis-of-the-use-of-agile-development-to-improve-recruitment-and-enrollment-for-mhealth-research
#5
Dominick Shattuck, Liya T Haile, Rebecca G Simmons
BACKGROUND: Smartphone apps that provide women with information about their daily fertility status during their menstrual cycles can contribute to the contraceptive method mix. However, if these apps claim to help a user prevent pregnancy, they must undergo similar rigorous research required for other contraceptive methods. Georgetown University's Institute for Reproductive Health is conducting a prospective longitudinal efficacy trial on Dot (Dynamic Optimal Timing), an algorithm-based fertility app designed to help women prevent pregnancy...
April 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678558/influence-factors-of-sexual-activity-for-internal-migrants-in-china
#6
Junguo Zhang, Junqing Wu, Yuyan Li, Ying Zhou, Yiran Li, Rui Zhao, Yuanming Shi, Zheng Li, Wei Huang, Jian Chen
BACKGROUND: Sexual frequency is associated with the quality of life. China's internal migrants that are sexually active are more likely to participate in sexual behavior. However, less work has been undertaken to assess the sexual frequency and its predictors in migrants. AIM: This study seeks to explore which factors were related to sexual frequency in migrants and how the association varies with different levels of sexual frequency. METHODS: A total of 10,834 men and 4,928 women aged 20-49 years from 5 cities in China were enrolled by multi-stage sampling during August 2013-August 2015...
April 17, 2018: Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678174/age-and-gender-specific-distribution-of-metabolic-syndrome-components-in-east-china-role-of-hypertriglyceridemia-in-the-spect-china-study
#7
Boren Jiang, Yanjun Zheng, Yingchao Chen, Yi Chen, Qin Li, Chunfang Zhu, Ningjian Wang, Bing Han, Hualing Zhai, Dongping Lin, Yingli Lu
BACKGROUND: Chinese population are experiencing remarkably changes of economic and cultural environments. The present study was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) by age between genders and to investigate the current characteristics of MetS and its components in China. METHODS: SPECT-China is a population-based cross-sectional survey on Chinese adults aged ≥18 years in East China. A total of 10,441 Chinese residents participated in anthropometric and laboratory measurements...
April 20, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678168/self-competence-in-death-work-among-health-and-social-care-workers-a-region-wide-survey-in-hong-kong
#8
Johnny T K Cheung, Doreen W H Au, Wallace C H Chan, Jenny H Y Chan, Kenway Ng, Jean Woo
BACKGROUND: According to the Quality of Death Index, Hong Kong is lagging behind many other Western and Asian countries in the category of palliative and healthcare. To ensure the provision of high-quality palliative care, it is important to explore the self-competence of health and social care workers in coping with death work including palliative care. This region-wide study aims to assess the level of self-competence with a validated Self-Competence in Death Work Scale (SC-DWS) and examine its correlates...
April 20, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677591/lifestyle-factors-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-population-based-incident-case-control-study
#9
Ibrahim Abdollahpour, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Ingrid van der Mei
OBJECTIVE: Although low sun exposure, low vitamin D, and smoking are established risk factor of multiple sclerosis (MS), there is less evidence on the role of the other lifestyle factors. We examined the association of sun exposure, physical activity, drug abuse, and alcohol intake with MS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was population-based incident case-control study in Iran with 547 incident cases and 1057 general population controls (7/8/2013-17/2/2015). Logistic regression was used to analyse the data...
March 31, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677364/long-anterior-lens-zonules-and-intraocular-pressure
#10
Daniel K Roberts, Tricia L Newman, Mary Flynn Roberts, Bruce A Teitelbaum, Janis E Winters
Purpose: To investigate the relation between intraocular pressure (IOP) and the idiopathic long anterior zonule (LAZ) trait. Methods: Patients presenting for primary eye care were examined for LAZ, identified as radially oriented zonular fibers with central extension >1.0 mm beyond the normal anterior lens insertion zone (estimated via slit lamp beam length). Ocular, systemic health, and lifestyle data were collected via comprehensive exam and questionnaire. Multivariate regression was used to assess the relationship between IOP (Goldmann) and LAZ...
April 1, 2018: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677117/developing-interventional-radiology-anticoagulation-guidelines-process-and-benefits-%C3%A2
#11
J Scott Kriegshauser, Howard H Osborn, Sailen G Naidu, Eric A Huettl, Maitray D Patel
We created, posted, and updated radiology department anticoagulation guidelines and identified various steps in the process, including triggering events, consensus building, legal analysis, education, and distribution of the guidelines to nurses and clinicians. Supporting data collected retrospectively, before and after implementation, included nursing satisfaction survey results and the number of procedure cancellations. After the guidelines were developed and posted, significantly fewer procedures were cancelled, nursing satisfaction was higher, and radiologists performed procedures with less variability...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676622/low-to-moderate-arsenic-exposure-and-respiratory-health-in-american-indian-communities
#12
Martha Powers, Tiffany R Sanchez, Maria Grau-Perez, Fawn Yeh, Kevin Francesconi, Walter Goessler, Christine M George, Christopher Heaney, Lyle G Best, Jason Umans, Robert H Brown, Ana Navas-Acien
RATIONALE: Exposure to inorganic arsenic, through drinking naturally-contaminated water, is an established cause of lung cancer. Evidence on the impact of arsenic exposure on lung function, however, is less conclusive. The evidence available, mostly from populations exposed to water arsenic levels >100 μg/L, suggests that arsenic exposure is associated with lower lung function. Prospective studies and studies examining low-to-moderate levels of water arsenic exposure (<50 μg/L) the level relevant for U...
April 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676072/current-management-of-moderate-to-severe-atopic-dermatitis-a-survey-of-allergists-pediatric-allergists-and-dermatologists-in-korea
#13
Hye Yung Yum, Hyun Hee Kim, Hyun Jung Kim, Woo Kyung Kim, So Yeon Lee, Kapsok Li, Dong Hun Lee
PURPOSE: There is an unmet need for the treatment of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD), leading to variation in management strategies. To investigate distinct features and treatment modalities according to physicians' specialties, we collected data on the current treatment approach to moderate-to-severe AD among allergists, pediatric allergists and dermatologists in Korea. METHODS: This questionnaire-based study was administered to physicians from the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology (KAAACI), Korean Academy of Pediatric Allergy and Respiratory Disease (KAPARD), and Korean Atopic Dermatitis Association (KADA)...
May 2018: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674983/is-there-a-conjunction-fallacy-in-legal-probabilistic-decision-making
#14
Bartosz W Wojciechowski, Emmanuel M Pothos
Classical probability theory (CPT) has represented the rational standard for decision making in human cognition. Even though CPT has provided many descriptively excellent decision models, there have also been some empirical results persistently problematic for CPT accounts. The tension between the normative prescription of CPT and human behavior is particularly acute in cases where we have higher expectations for rational decisions. One such case concerns legal decision making from legal experts, such as attorneys and prosecutors and, more so, judges...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674408/-educational-deprivation-is-associated-with-pd-peritonitis
#15
Usman Khalid, Aeliya Zaidi, Adrian Cheang, Szabolcs Horvath, Laszlo Szabo, Mohamed A Ilham, Michael R Stephens
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic deprivation is an important factor in determining poor health and is associated with a higher prevalence of many chronic diseases, including renal failure, and often poorer outcomes for patients with such conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of deprivation on peritonitis episodes following peritoneal dialysis (PD)-catheter insertion. METHODS: The Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD) was used to assess the influence of socioeconomic deprivation on outcomes following 233 consecutive first PD-catheter insertions from a single institution in the United Kingdom, performed between 2010 and 2015...
April 19, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674369/do-conceptualisations-of-health-differ-across-social-strata-a-concept-mapping-study-among-lay-people
#16
Karien Stronks, Nancy Hoeymans, Beatrijs Haverkamp, Frank R J den Hertog, Marja J H van Bon-Martens, Henrike Galenkamp, Marcel Verweij, Hans A M van Oers
OBJECTIVES: The legitimacy of policies that aim at tackling socioeconomic inequalities in health can be challenged if they do not reflect the conceptualisations of health that are valued in all strata. Therefore, this study analyses how different socioeconomic groups formulate their own answers regarding: what does health mean to you? DESIGN: Concept mapping procedures were performed in three groups that differ in educational level. All procedures followed exactly the same design...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674358/unmet-rehabilitation-needs-after-hospitalization-for-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Molly M Fuentes, Jin Wang, Juliet Haarbauer-Krupa, Keith Owen Yeates, Dennis Durbin, Mark R Zonfrillo, Kenneth M Jaffe, Nancy Temkin, David Tulsky, Hilary Bertisch, Frederick P Rivara
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we describe unmet service needs of children hospitalized for traumatic brain injury (TBI) during the first 2 years after injury and examine associations between child, family, and injury-related characteristics and unmet needs in 6 domains (physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, mental health services, educational services, and physiatry). METHODS: Prospective cohort study of children age 8 to 18 years old admitted to 6 hospitals with complicated mild or moderate to severe TBI...
April 19, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674180/why-do-very-unattractive-workers-earn-so-much
#18
Satoshi Kanazawa, Shihao Hu, Adrien Larere
Kanazawa and Still (2018) showed that very unattractive workers earned more than unattractive workers, sometimes more than average-looking or attractive workers, because they had higher levels of intelligence and education, but they did not explain why very unattractive workers had higher intelligence and education. There are both theoretical and empirical reasons to expect that some intelligent men may prefer to marry very unattractive women. The analysis of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) shows that very unattractive women were significantly more likely to be married at Age 29 than unattractive or average-looking women, and their spouses or partners earned significantly more than those of unattractive or average-looking women...
March 22, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674110/resident-specific-morbidity-reduced-following-acs-nsqip-data-driven-quality-program
#19
Florence E Turrentine, John B Hanks, Megan C Tracci, R Scott Jones, Bruce D Schirmer, Philip W Smith
BACKGROUND: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Milestone Project for general surgery provided a more robust method for developing and tracking residents' competence. This framework enhanced systematic and progressive development of residents' competencies in surgical quality improvement. STUDY DESIGN: A 22-month interactive, educational program based on resident-specific surgical outcomes data culminated in a quality improvement project for postgraduate year 4 surgery residents...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673541/appropriate-protein-intake-is-one-strategy-in-the-management-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-elderly-to-mitigate-changes-in-body-composition
#20
Chorong Oh, Jae-Kyung No
Higher protein intake could reduce metabolic syndrome (MetS) by managing body composition among Korean elderly although the research is scant. Herein, we examined the hypothesis that the optimal protein intake of Korean elderly is associated with both improvements in MetS risk as well as favorable changes in body composition. The present study employs a national data source, the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2009), and a total 1,567 elderly (651 men and 916 women) were included in the final data analyses...
March 2018: Nutrition Research
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