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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933428/in-6-to-8-year-old-children-cardiorespiratory-fitness-moderates-the-relationship-between-severity-of-life-events-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#1
Markus Gerber, Katharina Endes, Serge Brand, Christian Herrmann, Flora Colledge, Lars Donath, Oliver Faude, Henner Hanssen, Uwe Pühse, Lukas Zahner
PURPOSE: In children, the pathways by which physical activity and fitness are associated with physical and psychological wellbeing are still not fully understood. The present study examines for the first time in young children whether high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity moderate the relationship between severity of life events and health-related quality of life. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-eight children (188 girls, 190 boys, M age = 7...
December 8, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933425/ethical-issues-in-using-social-media-to-deliver-an-hiv-prevention-intervention-results-from-the-hope-peru-study
#2
Renee Garett, Luis Menacho, Sean D Young
Social media technologies have become increasingly useful tools for research-based interventions. However, participants and social media users have expressed ethical concerns with these studies, such as risks and benefits of participation, as well as privacy, confidentiality, and informed consent issues. This study was designed to follow up with and assess experiences and perceptions of ethics-related issues among a sample of 211 men who have sex with men who participated in the Harnessing Online Peer Education (HOPE) Peru study, a randomized controlled HIV prevention intervention conducted in Peru...
December 9, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933289/the-association-between-stress-measured-by-allostatic-load-score-and-physiologic-dysregulation-in-african-immigrants-the-africans-in-america-study
#3
Brianna A Bingham, Michelle T Duong, Madia Ricks, Lilian S Mabundo, Rafeal L Baker, Jean N Utumatwishima, Margaret Udahogora, David Berrigan, Anne E Sumner
INTRODUCTION: Allostatic load score (ALS) summarizes the physiological effect of stress on cardiovascular, metabolic and immune systems. As immigration is stressful, ALS could be affected. OBJECTIVE: Associations between age of immigration, reason for immigration, and unhealthy assimilation behavior and ALS were determined in 238 African immigrants to the United States (age 40 ± 10, mean ± SD, range 21-64 years). METHODS: ALS was calculated using 10 variables from three domains; cardiovascular (SBP, DBP, cholesterol, triglyceride, homocysteine), metabolic [BMI, A1C, albumin, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)], and immunological [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)]...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933209/prevalence-and-incidence-of-gout-in-southern-sweden-from-the-socioeconomic-perspective
#4
Meliha C Kapetanovic, Mohaned Hameed, Aleksandra Turkiewicz, Tuhina Neogi, Tore Saxne, Lennart Jacobsson, Martin Englund
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and cumulative incidence of gout in southern Sweden with respect to socioeconomic status. METHODS: Among residents of Skåne region in the year 2013 (total population 1.3 million), adult persons (age 18 years +) who between 1998 and 2013 received a diagnosis of gout (International Classification of Disease 10th Edition (ICD-10) code M10) by any physician were identified using the Skåne Healthcare Register. We calculated the point prevalence by end of 2013 and annual cumulative incidence in 2013 standardised to the whole Skåne population according to sex, individual information on occupation (white collar/blue collar), income (low/middle/high) and level of education (primary school/high school/university)...
2016: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933202/screening-and-management-of-viral-hepatitis-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-mongolia-results-from-a-survey-of-mongolian-physicians-from-all-major-provinces-of-mongolia
#5
Yoona A Kim, Jacqueline Estevez, An Le, Dennis Israelski, Oidov Baatarkhuu, Tserenchimed Sarantuya, Sonom Narantsetseg, Pagbajabyn Nymadawa, Richard H Le, Man-Fung Yuen, Geoffrey Dusheiko, Mario Rizzetto, Mindie H Nguyen
BACKGROUND: According to Globocan, Mongolia has the highest worldwide hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) incidence (78.1/100 000, 3.5× higher than China). AIMS AND METHODS: We conducted an anonymous survey of physicians from major provinces who attended an educational liver symposium, analysing their demography, practice, knowledge, perceptions and proposed solutions. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate OR relating demography and practice factors with higher provider knowledge and improvement...
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933201/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-liver-histology-among-nafld-patients-without-diabetes
#6
Pushpjeet Kanwar, James E Nelson, Katherine Yates, David E Kleiner, Aynur Unalp-Arida, Kris V Kowdley
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and obesity are associated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this observational study was to examine the relationship of MetS and a diagnosis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in patients without diabetes in the NASH Clinical Research Network (CRN). METHODS: Clinical, demographic, histological, laboratory and anthropometric data were collected on 356 adult patients without diabetes with NAFLD. Obesity was defined as body mass index ≥30...
2016: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933151/improving-asthma-care-in-a-pediatric-resident-clinic
#7
Julia Lee, Albina Gogo, Daniel Tancredi, Erik Fernandez Y Garcia, Ulfat Shaikh
There is variation in pediatric asthma management in the outpatient setting. Adherence to national asthma guidelines provides a systematic standardized approach to asthma management. There is a gap between usual and guideline-consistent asthma care in resident clinics. Practice improvement modules aimed at improving resident physician adherence to asthma care guidelines have not been consistently utilized and have not yet been studied. Our aim was to increase guideline consistent care in our pediatric resident clinic in a twelve-month period via increasing performance on the following measures to 75%: spirometry testing; influenza immunization recommendation; level of control assessed through the use of a standardized questionnaire; appropriate medications per national guideline; and use of written asthma action plans...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932883/functional-cortical-changes-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-at-amplitude-configuration-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#8
Heng Liu, Hua Chen, Bo Wu, Tijiang Zhang, Jinhui Wang, Kexin Huang, Ganjun Song, Jian Zhan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the amplitude of spontaneous brain activity fluctuations in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) using the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) method. METHODS: ALFF and SPM8 were utilized to assess alterations in regional spontaneous brain activities in patients with RRMS in comparison with healthy controls (HCs). The beta values of altered brain regions between patients with RRMS and HCs were extracted, and a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was generated to calculate the sensitivities and specificities of these different brain areas for distinguishing patients with RRMS from HCs...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932785/quickstats-percentage-distribution-of-respondent-assessed-health-status-%C3%A2-among-adults-aged-%C3%A2-25-years-by-completed-education-national-health-interview-survey-%C3%A2-united-states-2015
#9
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, health status improved as the level of education increased; 74% of adults with a bachelor's degree or higher were in excellent or very good health compared with almost 37% of adults with less than a high school diploma. Nearly 28% of adults with less than a high school diploma were in fair or poor health compared with 6% of adults with a bachelor's degree or higher.
December 9, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932687/diabetes-distress-among-persons-with-type-1-diabetes-associations-with-disordered-eating-depression-and-other-psychological-health-concerns
#10
Margaret A Powers, Sara A Richter, Diann M Ackard, Cheryl Craft
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate associations between diabetes distress and a range of psychological health behaviors and concerns among persons with type 1 diabetes for the benefit of enhancing early identification and intervention of at-risk individuals. METHODS: Persons with type 1 diabetes (n = 268; 57.1% female, 91.0% white, 76.8% <18 years of age, average A1C 8.4%) completed the 2-item Diabetes Distress Screening Scale (DDS2) and a battery of psychometrically sound instruments measuring satisfaction with life, self-esteem, self-efficacy, depression, perfectionism, body image satisfaction, dietary restraint and eating, and shape and weight concerns...
December 7, 2016: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932200/the-seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-b-hepatitis-c-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-patients-undergoing-septoplasty
#11
Ozlem Onerci Celebi, Ela Araz Server, Bahtiyar Hamit, Özgür Yiğit
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus are major health problems. Healthcare workers are at risk of transmitting blood-borne viruses, and surgeons have a higher risk of exposure to blood and higher rates of percutaneous injury than other healthcare workers. Septoplasty is among the 3 most commonly performed otolaryngological surgeries worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To determine the seroprevalence of Hepatitis B surface antigen, Hepatitis C virus antibody, and Human Immunodeficiency Virus antibody in patients undergoing septoplasty with and without turbinate surgery under general anesthesia, and to determine if preoperative testing should be performed in such patients...
November 17, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932018/the-determinants-of-essential-newborn-care-for-home-births-in-bangladesh
#12
T Akter, A Dawson, D Sibbritt
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of sociodemographic, antenatal and delivery care factors with the essential newborn care (ENC) practices of neonates born at home in Bangladesh. STUDY DESIGN: This study analyzed data of a cross-sectional survey-the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey, 2011. METHODS: This analysis considered 3190 most recent live-born infants who were delivered at home within three years of the survey. Logistic regression models were used to identify the factors affecting the implementation of six ENC practices, namely using disinfected instruments to cut the umbilical cord, avoidance of application of any substances to the umbilical cord stump, immediate drying and wrapping of newborns, delayed bathing of newborns, and immediate initiation of breastfeeding...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932005/estimating-community-level-costs-of-preterm-birth
#13
E S Hall, J M Greenberg
OBJECTIVES: To develop generalizable methods for estimating the economic impact of preterm birth at the community level on initial hospital expenditures, educational attainment and lost earnings as well as to estimate potential savings associated with reductions in preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: The retrospective, population-based analysis used vital statistics and population demographics from Hamilton County, Ohio, USA, in 2012. METHODS: We adjusted previously reported, mean initial hospital cost estimates (stratified by each week of gestation) to 2012 dollars using national cost-to-charge ratios...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932003/mental-health-and-related-influencing-factors-among-the-empty-nest-elderly-and-the-non-empty-nest-elderly-in-taiyuan-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Y-Q Guo, C-C Zhang, H Huang, X Zheng, X-J Pan, J-Z Zheng
OBJECTIVE: In China, elderly make up a large proportion of the society, but their mental health is often overlooked. The aim of this study is to compare mental health and related influencing factors among the empty-nest and the non-empty-nest elderly, and attain the purpose of improving their quality of life. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 488 elderly people aged 60-92 years in six districts of Taiyuan, China...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931996/changes-in-the-prevalence-of-cigarette-smoking-and-quitting-smoking-determinants-in-adult-inhabitants-of-rural-areas-in-poland-between-2003-and-2012
#15
B Sozańska, N Pearce, M Błaszczyk, A Boznański, P Cullinan
OBJECTIVES: We investigate trends in the prevalence of cigarette smoking among adults at all ages in two time points 9 years apart in two neighbouring rural populations and examine social and respiratory health determinants of quitting smoking. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional study. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in the same rural area of lower Silesia in Poland in 2003 and 2012. A total of 1328 (91% of adult eligible individuals) in 2003 and 1449 (92% of eligible) in 2012 adult inhabitants were surveyed, 908 people (560 villagers and 348 town inhabitants) participated in both surveys...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931994/patient-knowledge-of-anticoagulant-treatment-does-not-correlate-with-treatment-quality
#16
M S Nybo, J Skov
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate whether patient knowledge is a predictor of treatment stability in anticoagulant clinic patients and to evaluate the correlation between the patients' subjective assessment of own knowledge and their score on a validated knowledge assessment instrument. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective study where international normalized ratio (INR) stability was followed up 6 months after knowledge assessment. METHODS: We analyzed data of 42 consecutive patients new to vitamin-K antagonist (VKA) treatment and 64 experienced patients from an anticoagulant clinic offering patient education...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931988/linking-hearing-impairment-employment-and-education
#17
I Garramiola-Bilbao, A Rodríguez-Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact that hearing impairment and other relevant variables have on the education and employment situation of those affected by it in the Principality of Asturias, Spain. METHODS: To achieve this objective, two discrete choice models (probit) are presented. The first one associates, among other variables, hearing impairment with the individual's employment status and in the second model, an ordered multinomial probit model is used to analyse, among other variables, how the impairment affects the individual's level of studies...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931336/risk-of-tuberculosis-during-pregnancy-in-mongolia-a-high-incidence-setting-with-low-hiv-prevalence
#18
N L Rendell, N Batjargal, N Jadambaa, C C Dobler
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology and the relative risk of tuberculosis (TB) in pregnant women in Mongolia, a high TB incidence setting with a low rate of human immunodeficiency virus co-infection, where active case finding for TB in pregnancy is implemented. DESIGN: We retrospectively collected data on pregnant women diagnosed with TB during 2013. Data were collected through doctors at central TB dispensaries who extracted the relevant information from patients' clinical records...
December 2016: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931315/factors-affecting-the-vocational-calling-of-laboratory-animal-care-and-research-employees
#19
Gregory P Boivin, Ronald J Markert
We surveyed laboratory animal care and research workers to determine the factors affecting their vocational calling. The survey comprised 56 questions in 4 groups: passion, job stability or happiness, work volition, and demographics. We hypothesized that personnel who worked in the field a longer time, were older, had higher education levels, were involved with AALAS, and in higher positions in their organization were more likely to indicate a calling to the laboratory animal care field. In addition, we hypothesized that job satisfaction and classifying one's job as a calling were positively related to organizational support and work volition...
November 2016: Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science: JAALAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931236/trends-in-self-rated-health-and-association-with-socioeconomic-position-in-estonia-data-from-cross-sectional-studies-in-1996-2014
#20
Mariliis Põld, Kersti Pärna, Inge Ringmets
BACKGROUND: Self-rated health (SRH) and socioeconomic position (SEP) as important determinants of health differences are associated with health and economic changes in society. The objectives of this paper were (1) to describe trends in SRH and (2) to analyze associations between SRH and SEP among adults in Estonia in 1996-2014. METHODS: The study was based on a 25-64-year-old subsample (n = 18757) of postal cross-sectional surveys conducted every second year in Estonia during 1990-2014...
December 8, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
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