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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040542/high-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-protection-in-higher-but-not-in-lower-socioeconomic-groups-prospective-findings-from-the-moli-sani-study
#1
Marialaura Bonaccio, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, George Pounis, Simona Costanzo, Mariarosaria Persichillo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello
Background: It is uncertain whether the cardiovascular benefits associated with Mediterranean diet (MD) may differ across socioeconomic groups. Methods: Prospective analysis on 18991 men and women aged ≥35 years from the general population of the Moli-sani cohort (Italy). Adherence to MD was appraised by the Mediterranean diet score (MDS). Household income (euros/year) and educational level were used as indicators of socioeconomic status. Hazard ratios (HR) were calculated by multivariable Cox proportional hazard models...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040316/rising-trends-and-inequalities-in-cesarean-section-rates-in-pakistan-evidence-from-pakistan-demographic-and-health-surveys-1990-2013
#2
Sarwat Mumtaz, Jinwook Bahk, Young-Ho Khang
Despite global efforts to improve maternal health, many developing countries including Pakistan have failed to achieve the target of a 75% reduction in maternal deaths by 2015. Addressing socioeconomic inequalities in access to emergency obstetric care is crucial for reducing the maternal mortality rate. This study was done to examine the time trends and socioeconomic inequalities in the utilization of cesarean section (C-section) in Pakistan during 1990-2013. We used data from the Pakistan Demographic and Health Surveys (PDHS) conducted during 1990 to 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040315/individual-and-environmental-correlates-of-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-in-dutch-and-belgian-adults
#3
Femke van Nassau, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Sofie Compernolle, Ilse de Bourdeaudhuij, Jeroen Lakerveld, Hidde P van der Ploeg
As the detrimental health effects of sedentary behaviour are well established, insight into the individual and environmental factors that influence adults' sedentary behaviour is needed. Most studies to date rely on self-reported measures of sedentary time. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to examine individual and environmental correlates of objectively measured sedentary time in Dutch and Belgian adults. Between March and August 2014, Belgian (n = 133) and Dutch (n = 223) adults, recruited as sub-sample of the SPOTLIGHT survey, wore an ActiGraph accelerometer to provide objectively measured sedentary and moderate to vigorous physical activity time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040262/serological-and-spatial-analysis-of-alphavirus-and-flavivirus-prevalence-and-risk-factors-in-a-rural-community-in-western-kenya
#4
Elysse N Grossi-Soyster, Elizabeth A J Cook, William A de Glanville, Lian F Thomas, Amy R Krystosik, Justin Lee, C Njeri Wamae, Samuel Kariuki, Eric M Fèvre, A Desiree LaBeaud
Alphaviruses, such as chikungunya virus, and flaviviruses, such as dengue virus, are (re)-emerging arboviruses that are endemic in tropical environments. In Africa, arbovirus infections are often undiagnosed and unreported, with febrile illnesses often assumed to be malaria. This cross-sectional study aimed to characterize the seroprevalence of alphaviruses and flaviviruses among children (ages 5-14, n = 250) and adults (ages 15 ≥ 75, n = 250) in western Kenya. Risk factors for seropositivity were explored using Lasso regression...
October 17, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036937/behaviors-related-to-mosquito-borne-diseases-among-different-ethnic-minority-groups-along-the-china-laos-border-areas
#5
Chao Wu, Xiaofang Guo, Jun Zhao, Quan Lv, Hongbin Li, Edward B McNeil, Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong, Hongning Zhou
Background: In China, mosquito-borne diseases are most common in the sub-tropical area of Yunnan province. The objective of this study was to examine behaviors related to mosquito-borne diseases in different ethnic minority groups and different socioeconomic groups of people living in this region. Methods: A stratified two-stage cluster sampling technique with probability proportional to size was used in Mengla County, Xishuangbanna Prefecture, Yunnan. Twelve villages were used to recruit adult (≥18 years old) and eight schools were used for children (<18 years old)...
October 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036849/newly-developed-learning-and-verbal-memory-test-tamv-i-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#6
D Rivera, L Olabarrieta-Landa, B V Rabago Barajas, M J Irías Escher, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Ferrer-Cascales, P Martín-Lobo, J A Calderón, M A Aguilar Uriarte, A I Peñalver Guia, R Camlla Ynga, C E García-Guerrero, I Fernandez-Agis, A García-Gómez-Pastrana, J A Ibañéz-Alfonso, H Gómez, J Galarza-Del-Angel, C García de la Cadena, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Learning and Verbal Memory Test (TAMV-I) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the TAMV-I as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. Free recall, memory delay and recognition scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
October 10, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036848/concentration-endurance-test-d2-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-population
#7
D Rivera, C Salinas, D Ramos-Usuga, I D Delgado-Mejía, Y Vasallo Key, G P Hernández Agurcia, J Valencia Vásquez, C E García-Guerrero, C García de la Cadena, B V Rabago Barajas, I Romero-García, A I Campos Varillas, M Sánchez-SanSegundo, A Galvao-Carmona, L Lara, E J Granja Gilbert, P Martín-Lobo, J Velázquez-Cardoso, A Caracuel, J C Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Concentration Endurance Test (d2) test in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the d2 test as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The Total number of items processed (TN), Total number of correct responses (CR), Total performance (TP), and Concentration performance (CP) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
October 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036821/estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-is-not-associated-with-alzheimer-s-disease-in-a-northern-ireland-cohort
#8
Euan N Paterson, Michael A Williams, Peter Passmore, Giuliana Silvestri, Tom J MacGillivray, Alexander P Maxwell, Gareth J McKay
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) prevalence is increasing globally and typically progresses for several years prior to clinical presentation of dementia. Renal dysfunction and vascular disease have been reported in association with dementia in several cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, and may contribute to AD risk. Experimental and observational studies suggest amyloid-β (Aβ) clearance may be impaired in chronic kidney disease (CKD) indicating a mechanism for increased AD risk...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036666/do-israeli-health-promoting-schools-contribute-to-students-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-habits
#9
Samah Hayek, Riki Tessler, Shiran Bord, Ronit Endevelt, Carmit Satran, Irit Livne, Mohammed Khatib, Yosi Harel-Fisch, Orna Baron-Epel
The Israeli Health Promoting School Network (HPSN) is actively committed to enhancing a healthy lifestyle for the entire school population. This study aimed to explore the contribution of school participation in the HPSN and students' individual characteristics to healthy eating and physical activity habits among Israeli school children aged 10-12 years. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4166 students in grades 4-6 from 28 schools. The schools were selected from a sample of HPSN affiliated and non-HPSN schools...
October 4, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036606/socioeconomic-status-and-childhood-cancer-incidence-a-population-based-multilevel-analysis
#10
Rebecca D Kehm, Logan G Spector, Jenny N Poynter, David M Vock, Theresa L Osypuk
The etiology of childhood cancers remains largely unknown, especially regarding environmental and behavioral risk factors. Unpacking the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and incidence may offer insight into such etiology. We tested associations between SES and childhood cancer incidence in a population-based case-cohort study (source cohort: Minnesota birth registry, 1989-2014). Cases, 0-14 years, were linked from the Minnesota Cancer Surveillance System to birth records through probabilistic record linkage...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036555/cultural-capital-factors-associated-with-life-satisfaction-in-korean-baby-boomers
#11
Hyun-Jung Kwon, Hwa-Ok Hannah Park
Background: As aging baby boomers retire, cultural capital is expected to play a major role in representing new types of need for social inclusion for this group of people. This study aims to examine the association between cultural capital and life satisfaction among Korean baby boomers born between 1955 and 1963. Methods: Data on 297 baby boomers were extracted from the 2007 Korean General Social Survey and multiple regression models were tested. Results: The findings indicated that acquired cultural capital (i...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036366/accounting-for-selectivity-bias-and-correlation-across-the-sequence-from-elevated-blood-pressure-to-hypertension-diagnosis-and-treatment
#12
Penny Gordon-Larsen, Samantha M Attard, Annie Green Howard, Barry M Popkin, Bing Zhang, Shufa Du, David K Guilkey
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether efforts to reduce hypertension burden in countries with very high prevalence, would be more effective if directed at hypertension diagnosis vs. treatment. Most analyses do not address bias and correlation across the sequence from elevated blood pressure (BP) to hypertension diagnosis and treatment, leading to potentially misleading findings. METHODS: Using data spanning 18 years of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (n = 18,926; ages 18-75 years), we used an innovative 3-step, integrated system of equations to predict the sequence from: (i) elevated BP (systolic/diastolic BP ≥ 140/90 mm Hg) to (ii) diagnosed hypertension conditional on elevated BP, and to (iii) treatment (medication use) conditional on diagnosis, accounting for measured and unmeasured individual- and community-level confounders at each of the 3 steps...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036228/factors-associated-to-acceptable-treatment-adherence-among-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-guatemala
#13
Brooke M Ramay, Alejandro Cerón, Luis Pablo Méndez-Alburez, Randall Lou-Meda
Pediatric patients with Chronic Kidney Disease face several barriers to medication adherence that, if addressed, may improve clinical care outcomes. A cross sectional questionnaire was administered in the Foundation for Children with Kidney Disease (FUNDANIER, Guatemala City) from September of 2015 to April of 2016 to identify the predisposing factors, enabling factors and need factors related to medication adherence. Sample size was calculated using simple random sampling with a confidence level of 95%, confidence interval of 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036209/understanding-differences-in-conception-and-abortion-rates-among-under-20-year-olds-in-britain-and-france-examining-the-contribution-of-social-disadvantage
#14
Rachel H Scott, Nathalie Bajos, Emma Slaymaker, Kaye Wellings, Catherine H Mercer
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic status has been shown to be associated with sexual activity, contraceptive-use, pregnancy and abortion among young people. Less is known about whether the strength of the association differs for each outcome, between men and women, or cross-nationally. We investigate this using contemporaneous national probability survey data from Britain and France. METHODS: Data were analysed for 17-29 year-olds in Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3, n = 5959) undertaken 2010-2012, and the 2010 French Fertility, Contraception and Sexual Dysfunction survey (FECOND, n = 3027)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036183/mri-assessed-atrophy-subtypes-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-the-cognitive-reserve-hypothesis
#15
Karin Persson, Rannveig Sakshaug Eldholm, Maria Lage Barca, Lena Cavallin, Daniel Ferreira, Anne-Brita Knapskog, Geir Selbæk, Anne Brækhus, Ingvild Saltvedt, Eric Westman, Knut Engedal
BACKGROUND/AIMS: MRI assessment of the brain has demonstrated four different patterns of atrophy in patients with Alzheimer's disease dementia (AD): typical AD, limbic-predominant AD, hippocampal-sparing AD, and a subtype with minimal atrophy, previously referred to as no-atrophy AD. The aim of the present study was to identify and describe the differences between these four AD subtypes in a longitudinal memory-clinic study. METHODS: The medial temporal lobes, the frontal regions, and the posterior regions were assessed with MRI visual rating scales to categorize 123 patients with mild AD according to ICD-10 and NINCDS-ADRDA criteria and the clinical dementia rating scale (CDR) into atrophy subtypes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035330/whites-but-not-blacks-gain-life-expectancy-from-social-contacts
#16
Shervin Assari
Background. Recent research suggests that the health gain from economic resources and psychological assets may be systematically larger for Whites than Blacks. Aim. This study aimed to assess whether the life expectancy gain associated with social contacts over a long follow up differs for Blacks and Whites. Methods. Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) Study, 1986-2011. The sample was a nationally representative sample of American adults 25 and older, who were followed for up to 25 years (n = 3361)...
October 16, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035105/racial-ethnic-differences-in-early-life-mortality-in-the-united-states
#17
Richard G Rogers, Elizabeth M Lawrence, Robert A Hummer, Andrea M Tilstra
U.S. early-life (ages 1-24) deaths are tragic, far too common, and largely preventable. Yet demographers have focused scant attention on U.S. early-life mortality patterns, particularly as they vary across racial and ethnic groups. We employed the restricted-use 1999-2011 National Health Interview Survey-Linked Mortality Files and hazard models to examine racial/ethnic differences in early-life mortality. Our results reveal that these disparities are large, strongly related to differences in parental socioeconomic status, and expressed through different causes of death...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035104/association-between-discrimination-and-obesity-in-african-american-men
#18
Roland J Thorpe, Lauren J Parker, Ryon J Cobb, Felicia Dillard, Janice Bowie
The objective of this study was to examine the association between discrimination and obesity among a U.S. nationally representative sample of African-American men. Data from the 2001-2003 National Survey of American Life (NSAL) were used to collect measures of everyday and major discrimination, and body mass index (BMI) taken from self-reports. Poisson regression with robust standard errors was applied to estimate the prevalence ratios of everyday and major discrimination as it relates to obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)), controlling for potential confounders...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035100/serum-lipid-level-and-lifestyles-are-associated-with-carotid-femoral-pulse-wave-velocity-among-adults-4-4-year-prospectively-longitudinal-follow-up-of-a-clinical-trial
#19
XiaoXiao Zhao, Hongyu Wang, LiuJin Bo, Hongwei Zhao, Lihong Li, Yingyan Zhou
Lifestyle modifications are recommended as the initial treatment for high blood pressure. The influence of dyslipidemia might be via moderate arterial stiffness, which results in hypertension and cardiovascular disease. We used data from a subgroup of the lifestyle, level of serum lipids/carotid femoral-pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV) Susceptibility BEST Study, a population-based study of community-dwelling adults aged 45-75 years. The serum lipid level and CF-PWV were measured at baseline, and lifestyle such as smoking status, sleeping habits, and the level of oil or salt intake was determined with the use of a validated questionnaire during follow-up...
October 16, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034648/interactive-multimedia-training-in-osteoporosis-prevention-of-female-high-school-students-an-interventional-study
#20
Ladan Zarshenas, Tala Keshavarz, Marzieh Momennasab, Nahid Zarifsanaiey
Given the limitations of traditional teaching methods in the learning process of adolescents, this study was designed to investigate the effects of osteoporosis prevention training through interactive multimedia method on the degree of knowledge and self-efficacy of female high school students. In this interventional study which was conducted in 2016 in Fars province, Iran, 120 high school students were selected through proportional stratified sampling from schools and different classes at first, second, third, and pre-university grades...
August 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
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