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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919563/waste-management-in-the-meat-processing-industry-conversion-of-paunch-and-daf-sludge-into-solid-fuel
#1
Ihsan Hamawand, Pam Pittaway, Larry Lewis, Sayan Chakrabarty, Justin Caldwell, Jochen Eberhard, Arpita Chakraborty
This article addresses the novel dewatering process of immersion-frying of paunch and dissolved air flotation (DAF) sludge to produce high energy pellets. Literature have been analysed to address the feasibility of replacing conventional boiler fuel at meat processing facilities with high energy paunch-DAF sludge pellets (capsules). The value proposition of pelleting and frying this mixture into energy pellets is based on a Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA). The CBA is based on information derived from the literature and consultation with the Australian Meat Processing Industry...
December 2, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916864/marine-organisms-with-anti-diabetes-properties
#2
REVIEW
Chiara Lauritano, Adrianna Ianora
Diabetes is a chronic degenerative metabolic disease with high morbidity and mortality rates caused by its complications. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in looking for new bioactive compounds to treat this disease, including metabolites of marine origin. Several aquatic organisms have been screened to evaluate their possible anti-diabetes activities, such as bacteria, microalgae, macroalgae, seagrasses, sponges, corals, sea anemones, fish, salmon skin, a shark fusion protein as well as fish and shellfish wastes...
December 1, 2016: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915358/improving-quality-and-reducing-waste-in-allied-health-workplace-education-programs-a-pragmatic-operational-education-framework-approach
#3
Janet Golder, Melanie K Farlie, Samantha Sevenhuysen
BACKGROUND: Efficient utilisation of education resources is required for the delivery of effective learning opportunities for allied health professionals. This study aimed to develop an education framework to support delivery of high-quality education within existing education resources. METHODS: This study was conducted in a large metropolitan health service. Homogenous and purposive sampling methods were utilised in Phase 1 (n=43) and 2 (n=14) consultation stages...
2016: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914355/characterisation-of-fine-grained-tailings-from-a-marble-processing-plant-and-their-acute-effects-on-the-copepod-calanus-finmarchicus
#4
Julia Farkas, Dag Altin, Karen M Hammer, Kaja C Hellstrøm, Andy M Booth, Bjørn Henrik Hansen
Submarine tailing disposal (STD) of mining waste is practiced as an alternative to land fill disposal in several countries. Knowledge regarding the environmental implications of STD on fjord and other marine ecosystems, including the pelagic environment, is scarce. In this study, we characterised the particle shape, size and metal content of the fine-grained fraction of tailings (FGT) from a Norwegian marble processing plant and investigated their acute toxicity and impact on feeding rate in adult Calanus finmarchicus...
November 30, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913853/the-role-of-intestinal-oxalate-transport-in-hyperoxaluria-and-the-formation-of-kidney-stones-in-animals-and-man
#5
REVIEW
Jonathan M Whittamore, Marguerite Hatch
The intestine exerts a considerable influence over urinary oxalate in two ways, through the absorption of dietary oxalate and by serving as an adaptive extra-renal pathway for elimination of this waste metabolite. Knowledge of the mechanisms responsible for oxalate absorption and secretion by the intestine therefore have significant implications for understanding the etiology of hyperoxaluria, as well as offering potential targets for future treatment strategies for calcium oxalate kidney stone disease. In this review, we present the recent developments and advances in this area over the past 10 years, and put to the test some of the new ideas that have emerged during this time, using human and mouse models...
December 2, 2016: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911392/optogenetic-random-mutagenesis-using-histone-minisog-in-c-elegans
#6
Kentaro Noma, Yishi Jin
Forward genetic screening in model organisms is the workhorse to discover functionally important genes and pathways in many biological processes. In most mutagenesis-based screens, researchers have relied on the use of toxic chemicals, carcinogens, or irradiation, which requires designated equipment, safety setup, and/or disposal of hazardous materials. We have developed a simple approach to induce heritable mutations in C. elegans using germline-expressed histone-miniSOG, a light-inducible potent generator of reactive oxygen species...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910761/investigation-of-requisites-for-the-optimal-mycelial-growth-of-the-lingzhi-or-reishi-medicinal-mushroom-ganoderma-lucidum-agaricomycetes-on-oil-palm-biomass-in-malaysia
#7
Surya Sudheer, Asgar Ali, Sivakumar Manickam
Rigorous research has been carried out regarding the cultivation of Ganoderma lucidum using different agricultural residues. Nevertheless, large-scale cultivation and the separation of active compounds of G. lucidum are still challenges for local farmers. The objective of this study was to evaluate the use of oil palm waste fibers such as empty fruit bunch fibers and mesocarp fibers as effective substrates for the growth of G. lucidum mycelia to study the possibility of solid-state cultivation and to determine the optimum conditions necessary for the growth of mycelia of this mushroom on these waste fibers...
2016: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909212/black-carbon-emission-reduction-strategies-in-healthcare-industry-for-effective-global-climate-change-management
#8
Emilia Mmbando Raila, David O Anderson
Climate change remains one of the biggest threats to life on earth to date with black carbon (BC) emissions or smoke being the strongest cause after carbon dioxide (CO2). Surprisingly, scientific evidence about black carbon emissions reduction in healthcare settings is sparse. This paper presents new research findings on the reduction of black carbon emissions from an observational study conducted at the UN Peacekeeping Operations (MINUSTAH) in Haiti in 2014. Researchers observed 20 incineration cycles, 30 minutes for each cycle of plastic and cardboard sharps healthcare waste (HCW) containers ranged from 3 to 14...
November 30, 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909209/reuse-of-bituminous-pavements-a-mini-review-of-research-regulations-and-modelling
#9
REVIEW
Joke Anthonissen, Wim Van den Bergh, Johan Braet
Bituminous pavement can be recycled - even multiple times - by reusing it in new bituminous mixtures. If the mechanical properties of the binder get worse, this reclaimed asphalt is often used in the sub-structure of the road. Apparently, up till now, no end-of-life phase exists for the material. Actually, defining the end-of-life and the end-of-waste stage of a material is important for life cycle assessment modelling. Various standards and scientific studies on modelling life cycle assessment are known, but the crucial stages are not yet defined for reclaimed asphalt pavement...
November 30, 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907010/viral-metagenomic-analysis-displays-the-co-infection-situation-in-healthy-and-pmws-affected-pigs
#10
Anne-Lie Blomström, Caroline Fossum, Per Wallgren, Mikael Berg
The development of high-throughput sequencing technologies have allowed the possibility to investigate and characterise the entire microbiome of individuals, providing better insight to the complex interaction between different microorganisms. This will help to understand how the microbiome influence the susceptibility of secondary agents and development of disease. We have applied viral metagenomics to investigate the virome of lymph nodes from Swedish pigs suffering from the multifactorial disease postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) as well as from healthy pigs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906101/characterization-of-a-dmd-egfp-reporter-mouse-as-a-tool-to-investigate-dystrophin-expression
#11
Mina V Petkova, Susanne Morales-Gonzales, Karima Relizani, Esther Gill, Franziska Seifert, Josefine Radke, Werner Stenzel, Luis Garcia, Helge Amthor, Markus Schuelke
BACKGROUND: Dystrophin is a rod-shaped cytoplasmic protein that provides sarcolemmal stability as a structural link between the cytoskeleton and the extracellular matrix via the dystrophin-associated protein complex (DAPC). Mutations in the dystrophin-encoding DMD gene cause X-linked dystrophinopathies with variable phenotypes, the most severe being Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) characterized by progressive muscle wasting and fibrosis. However, dystrophin deficiency does not only impair the function of skeletal and heart muscle but may also affect other organ systems such as the brain, eye, and gastrointestinal tract...
July 5, 2016: Skeletal Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905457/researchers-serve-up-suggestions-to-reduce-food-waste
#12
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904501/human-amniotic-epithelial-cells-combined-with-silk-fibroin-scaffold-in-the-repair-of-spinal-cord-injury
#13
Ting-Gang Wang, Jie Xu, Ai-Hua Zhu, Hua Lu, Zong-Ning Miao, Peng Zhao, Guo-Zhen Hui, Wei-Jiang Wu
Treatment and functional reconstruction after central nervous system injury is a major medical and social challenge. An increasing number of researchers are attempting to use neural stem cells combined with artificial scaffold materials, such as fibroin, for nerve repair. However, such approaches are challenged by ethical and practical issues. Amniotic tissue, a clinical waste product, is abundant, and amniotic epithelial cells are pluripotent, have low immunogenicity, and are not the subject of ethical debate...
October 2016: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895764/mitofusin-2-prevents-skeletal-muscle-wasting-in-cancer-cachexia
#14
Qiu-Lei Xi, Bo Zhang, Yi Jiang, Hai-Sheng Zhang, Qing-Yang Meng, Ying Chen, Yu-Song Han, Qiu-Lin Zhuang, Jun Han, Hai-Yu Wang, Jing Fang, Guo-Hao Wu
Cancer cachexia remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, despite extensive research and clinical trials. The prominent clinical feature of cancer cachexia is the continuous loss of skeletal muscle that cannot be fully reversed by conventional nutritional support, and that leads to progressive functional impairment. The mechanism underlying muscle loss in patients with cachexia is poorly understood. The present study analyzed 21 cancer patients with or without cachexia, and demonstrated that mitofusin-2 (Mfn2) was downregulated in the rectus abdominis of patients with cachexia, which was associated with body weight loss...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888734/production-and-characterization-of-rhamnolipid-using-palm-oil-agricultural-refinery-waste
#15
Mohd Nazren Radzuan, Ibrahim M Banat, James Winterburn
In this research we assess the feasibility of using palm oil agricultural refinery waste as a carbon source for the production of rhamnolipid biosurfactant through fermentation. The production and characterization of rhamnolipid produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 grown on palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) under batch fermentation were investigated. Results show that P. aeruginosa PAO1 can grow and produce 0.43gL(-1) of rhamnolipid using PFAD as the sole carbon source. Identification of the biosurfactant product using mass spectrometry confirmed the presence of monorhamnolipid and dirhamnolipid...
November 16, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888372/effect-of-oil-pollution-on-function-of-sandy-soils-in-protected-deserts-and-investigation-of-their-improvement-guidelines-case-study-kalmand-area-iran
#16
Mohammad Saberian, Mohammad Mehdi Khabiri
Soil pollution is one of the most dangerous sorts of environmental pollutions because of waste materials, fossil fuels, etc. Unfortunately in developing countries, there are very few arrangements to prevent soil pollution due to the fossil fuels and to improve polluted soil. In this research, influences of gas oil on properties of Kalmand protected area's sandy soil near Yazd, Iran, were studied. It was found that gas oil constituted 5.25% of soil weight in the refueling station in the region. Therefore, cleaning and strengthening of the soil by adding cement rather than expensive and complicated methods were the most important goals of this research...
November 25, 2016: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886849/prevalence-and-burden-of-comorbidities-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
REVIEW
Alexandru Corlateanu, Serghei Covantev, Alexander G Mathioudakis, Victor Botnaru, Nikolaos Siafakas
The classical definition of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) as a lung condition characterized by irreversible airway obstruction is outdated. The systemic involvement in patients with COPD, as well as the interactions between COPD and its comorbidities, justify the description of chronic systemic inflammatory syndrome. The pathogenesis of COPD is closely linked with aging, as well as with cardiovascular, endocrine, musculoskeletal, renal, and gastrointestinal pathologies, decreasing the quality of life of patients with COPD and, furthermore, complicating the management of the disease...
November 2016: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885142/characterisation-of-ultraviolet-absorbing-recalcitrant-organics-in-landfill-leachate-for-treatment-process-optimisation
#18
Olya S Keen
Organics in leachate from municipal solid waste landfills are notoriously difficult to treat by biological processes. These organics have high ultraviolet absorbance and can interfere with the ultraviolet disinfection process at the wastewater treatment plant that receives leachate if the leachate flow contribution is large enough. With more wastewater treatment plants switching to ultraviolet disinfection, landfills face increased pressure to treat leachate further. This study used size exclusion chromatography, fluorescence spectroscopy and ultraviolet/Vis spectrophotometry to characterise the bulk organic matter in raw landfill leachate and the biorecalcitrant organic matter in biologically treated leachate from the same site...
November 24, 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884619/inhibition-on-anammox-bacteria-upon-exposure-to-digestates-from-biogas-plants-treating-the-organic-fraction-of-municipal-solid-waste-and-the-role-of-conductivity
#19
D Scaglione, T Lotti, E Ficara, F Malpei
The aim of this research was to evaluate the applicability of the anammox process for removing nitrogen from the supernatant originating from the anaerobic digestion of the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW). The short term inhibitory potential of this concentrated wastewater was evaluated by means of batch tests in terms of maximum specific anammox activity reduction. A total of 20 real wastewater samples were tested originating from 4 different full scale anaerobic digestion plants treating OFMSW...
November 21, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878358/clinical-research-on-rare-diseases-of-children-neuroblastoma
#20
REVIEW
Chiara Gerardi, Rita Banzi, Vittorio Bertele', Silvio Garattini
PURPOSE: Early access to new treatment options should not preclude accurate research planning, especially for rare diseases and fragile populations. Taking neuroblastoma as a model case, we analyzed the rationale supporting the search for future therapeutic strategies in the light of preclinical and clinical evidence. METHODS: We reviewed ongoing randomized trials of pharmacological interventions for the treatment of neuroblastoma retrieved by searching ClinicalTrials...
November 22, 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
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