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Gall stones

Ashish Singh, Abhimanyu Kapoor, Rajneesh Kumar Singh, Anand Prakash, Anu Behari, Ashok Kumar, Vinay Kumar Kapoor, Rajan Saxena
Backgrounds/Aims: A residual gallbladder (RGB) following a partial/subtotal cholecystectomy may cause symptoms that require its removal. We present our large study regarding the problem of a RGB over a 15 year period. Methods: This study involved a retrospective analysis of patients managed for symptomatic RGB from January 2000 to December 2015. Results: A RGB was observed in 93 patients, who had a median age of 45 (25-70) years, and were comprised of 69 (74...
February 2018: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
Lih-Yu Chang, Chih-Hsin Lee, Chia-Hao Chang, Ming-Chia Lee, Meng-Rui Lee, Jann-Yuan Wang, Li-Na Lee
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains one of the major infectious diseases worldwide. Adverse reactions are common during TB treatment. Few reports, however, are available on treatment-related acute biliary events (ABEs), such as cholelithiasis, biliary obstruction, acute cholecystitis, and cholangitis. METHODS: We first report four pulmonary TB patients who developed ABEs during anti-TB treatment. Abdominal sonography revealed multiple gall stones with dilated intrahepatic ducts in three patients and cholecystitis in one patient...
February 1, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
James A Nicholls, Karsten Schönrogge, Sonja Preuss, Graham N Stone
Communities of insect herbivores and their natural enemies are rich and ecologically crucial components of terrestrial biodiversity. Understanding the processes that promote their origin and maintenance is thus of considerable interest. One major proposed mechanism is ecological speciation through host-associated differentiation (HAD), the divergence of a polyphagous species first into ecological host races and eventually into more specialized daughter species. The rich chalcid parasitoid communities attacking cynipid oak gall wasp hosts are structured by multiple host traits, including food plant taxon, host gall phenology, and gall structure...
January 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Junaid Zeb, Shawana Asad, Irfanud Din Khattak, Mubashir Hussain
Cholelithiasis is a major cause of morbidity worldwide. The incidence of gall stone in children in Pakistan has not been sufficiently studied and is increasingly being detected: the reason may be a true rise in the incidence or an improvement in diagnosis due to liberal use of diagnostic facilities and thus the increased opportunity to detect disease. A healthy 2 years and 2 months old male child presented to outpatient with history of recurrent attacks of pain abdomen and anorexia. Ultrasonography showed a 0...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Ali Zahedian, Sekineh Kamali Ahangar, Yasser Asghari
INTRODUCTION: Cholecystectomy is the standard treatment for symptomatic gallbladder stone disease. However, symptoms such as abdominal pain and dyspepsia may persist even after surgery, if the gallbladder is incompletely removed known as postcholecystectomy syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: A 55-year-old man with a history of open cholecystectomy presented with a complaint of recurrent pain on his upper abdomen. Abdominal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography revealed a cystic structure in the gallbladder fossa, with a filling defect at the midpoint of the cystic duct, suggesting a retained stone in the cystic duct and residual gallbladder...
December 9, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Hailu Wondimu
Background: Symptomatic cholilithiasis is rare in children. Thus, a high degree of suspicion is required for diagnosis. Once a child is diagnosed with symptomatic cholilithiasis, cholecystectomy is required to relieve the symptoms and prevent complication. Case Details: A 9-month-old infant from Addis Ababa presented to the Pediatric Department of ZewdituMemorial Hospital on January 30, 2015 with irritability, abdominal pain. On workup, she was found to have gall stones, and her condition was at last attributed to biliary colic after months of follow-up in the Department of Pediatrics...
May 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Thazhath Mavali Ramachandran, Aninchent Harayil Rajan Rajneesh, George Sarin Zacharia, Rajendran P Adarsh
Introduction: Cirrhosis of the liver and diabetes mellitus are two chronic illnesses with significant impact on the quality of life. Studies from different part of the world have shown the combination to be associated with higher incidence of complications of cirrhosis and reduced survival. However, data on the impact of pre-cirrhotic and post-cirrhotic diabetes on cirrhosis is minimal. Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the complications of cirrhosis patients with and without co-existent DM and to compare the relation between cirrhosis patients with antecedent DM and hepatogenous DM...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Napatt Kanjanahattakij, Kamolyut Lapumnuaypol, Sanna Fatima, Eyob Feyssa
Introduction: In general population, gallstone pancreatitis is the most common cause of pancreatitis. However, there are very few literatures that address this topic in post-liver-transplant patients. Clinical Case: A 69-year-old female who had a liver transplant in 2015 due to hepatocellular carcinoma and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) cirrhosis. She had a recent episode of acute cellular rejection that was treated with high dose methylprednisolone 1 week prior to admission...
2017: Case Reports in Transplantation
Faik Tatli, Abdullah Ozgönül, Yusuf Yucel, Hüseyin Cahit Yalcin, Resit Ciftci, Mehmet Gümer, Firat Erkmen, Rabia Altuntas, Ali Uzunkoy
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder tumours rank fifth in the world among gastrointestinal system tumours. Coincidental gallbladder tumours are diagnosed during cholecystectomies, or by examining the cholecystectomy material. AIMS: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the incidence of gallbladder cancer among patients undergoing cholecystectomies due to gallbladder disease. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study METHODS: The files of 341 patients who had undergone routine cholecystectomy operations between January 2013 and March 2016 were reviewed, and their pathology results were recorded...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Ivan Arsic, Jan Abrahamsen, Lise Gammelgård, Vilma Vainoriene, Einar Pahle, Michael Festersen Nielsen
Acute cholecystitis (AC) is mainly caused by stones in the gall bladder. Although cholescintigraphy has the highest sensitivity (97%) and specificity (94%) for AC, ultrasound is the most commonly used technique in confirming the diagnosis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the recom-mended treatment of choice; however, in high-risk patients percutaneous gall bladder drainage is an attractive alter-native approach to avoid lesions to the common bile duct. To avoid serious bleeding incidences, it is imperative to pause anticoagulation therapy prior to gall bladder drainage...
October 16, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
Peter B Cotton, Alejandro L Suarez, Steven C Cunningham, Qi Pauls, Juliane Bingener, Katherine Morgan
BACKGROUND: Cholecystectomy is a common operation, increasingly performed, in the USA, for "functional gall bladder disorder" (FGBD). Outcomes of these surgeries are uncertain. In planning a study of FGBD, we needed to define the best outcome measures. METHODS: We sought the opinions of patients (52 with FGBD and 100 with stones for comparison) coming to cholecystectomy. They were asked to respond in four ways about the minimum benefit they would count as "success...
October 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
Graham N Stone, Sarah C White, György Csóka, George Melika, Serap Mutun, Zsolt Pénzes, Ebrahim S Sadeghi, Karsten Schönrogge, Majid Tavakoli, James A Nicholls
Approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) is a powerful and widely used approach in inference of population history. However, the computational effort required to discriminate among alternative historical scenarios often limits the set that is compared to those considered more likely a priori. While often justifiable, this approach will fail to consider unexpected but well-supported population histories. We used a hierarchical tournament approach, in which subsets of scenarios are compared in a first round of ABC analyses and the winners are compared in a second analysis, to reconstruct the population history of an oak gallwasp, Synergus umbraculus (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae) across the Western Palaearctic...
October 5, 2017: Molecular Ecology
Sohail Iqbal, Sarfraz Ahmad, Usman Saeed, Mohammed Al-Dabbagh
Background  Porcelain gallbladder (GB) is a rare but potentially premalignant condition with minimal symptoms. Accident and Emergency (A&E) departments often tend to investigate abdominal pain through plain radiographs, which are occasionally reported by radiologists, thereby leaving behind few uncommon conditions, such as porcelain gallbladder unreported. Objectives  We present three cases of porcelain GB in which initial diagnosis was not considered due to the presence of various other calcifications in the upper abdomen...
October 2017: Surgery Journal
Ranju Prasad Mandal, Gunjan Mandal, Sudeshna Sarkar, Arindam Bhattacharyya, Swati De
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been synthesized in situ in micelles formed by the bile salt sodium deoxycholate (NaDC). The AgNPs exhibit "green" fluorescence. It has been shown in the present study that they can disrupt the components of gall stones/pigment stones. This unique ability of the AgNPs has been observed upon detailed study of the interaction between the endobiotic pigment bilirubin (BR) and bile salt (NaDC). In addition, these AgNPs show significant cytotoxicity towards the breast cancer cells (MCF-7)...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Mpho Kgomo, Ali Elnagar, Kgataki Mashoshoe
A 53-year-old black woman presented with a 3-day history of abdominal pain. Ultrasound of the abdomen showed a gall bladder packed with small stones. She gave a history of abdominal surgery for a gynaecological condition. She had a cholecystectomy done, but her symptoms continued after cholecystectomy. She then had anendoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram (ERCP) and sphincterotomy done, again her symptoms remained the same. A CT scan of the abdomen was done, and mesenteric panniculitis was suspected. A laparoscopic biopsy of the mesentery was performed, and it confirmed mesenteric panniculitis...
September 4, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Surinder S Rana, Amit Kumar, Anupam Lal, Ravi Sharma, Mandeep Kang, Ujjwal Gorsi, Rajesh Gupta
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Arterial pseudoaneurysms associated with pancreatic fluid collections (PFC's) are serious complication of pancreatitis. There is insufficient data on safety of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guided drainage in these patients. AIM: To retrospectively analyze results of combination of angioembolisation followed by EUS guided transmural drainage of PFC's associated with pseudoaneurysms. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of data base of eight patients (all males; mean age: 36...
September 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
Itrat Mehdi, Bassim Jaffar Al Bahrani, Taha Mohsin Al Lawati, Zahid Al Mandhari, Fatima Ramadhan Al Lawati
Breast Cancer (BC) has associated risk factors and genetic factors like BRCA1, and BRCA2. Many benign and malignant disease processes are found concurrently with BC and believed to be additional risk factors like gall bladder stones (cholelithiasis), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebrovascular lesions, arthritis, spine and spinal cord degenerative lesions, infertility, depression, sleep disturbances, obesity, autoimmune diseases (SLE), and thyroid diseases. There are some malignant disease associations like synchronous or metachronous ovarian, colonic and endometrial tumours with Breast cancer...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Abdul Razaque Shaikh, Syed Asad Ali, Ambreen Munir, Aijaz Ali Shaikh
OBJECTIVE: To find out safety and feasibility of single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy (SLIC) using conventional instruments. METHODS: This study was conducted at surgical department of LUMHS Jamshoro Pakistan from Jan: 2014 to Dec: 2015. All cases of symptomatic cholelithiasis that consented for laparoscopic surgery were included. The exclusion criteria were acute cholecystitis, acute gall stone pancreatitis, common bile duct stones and patients with co-morbid...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Samer Makki Mohamed Al-Hakkak
INTRODUCTION: Agenesis of gallbladder is a rare congenital anomaly of biliary tree that may be associated with other biliary and extra biliary congenital anomalies. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43- year- old female presented with a 4 months history of upper abdominal pain associated with nausea and vomiting. It was associated with dyspeptic symptoms and become worse following ingestion of high-fat meal contents. Clinically, a differential of gall stone disease was considered...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
M Katoch, A Paul, G Singh, S N C Sridhar
BACKGROUND: As per the recent statistical reports of World Health Organisation (WHO), 13% of total global population is obese. Orlistat remains to be the only drug approved for the long term treatment of obesity. Recent findings highlighted severe adverse effects of orlistat that included hepatotoxicity, gall stones, kidney stones and acute pancreatitis. Therefore, search for new drug is required. The investigations based on endophytic natural products would prove pivotal in the global fight against this health issue...
August 3, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
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