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Katherine Ensslen, Eric Beauregard, Amelie Pedneault
One particular crime location in sexual assaults is the victim's residence. Similar to sexual burglars, "home-intruder" sex offenders choose to assault the victim in her residence, most likely in their bedroom. The aim of the current study is to analyze modus operandi, temporal factors, and victim characteristics in a sample of 347 stranger sexual assaults committed by 69 serial sex offenders to determine which factors may be more relevant to sexual assaults committed in the victim's residence compared with sexual assaults committed at another type of location...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Nadia-Flore Tsobgny-Tsague, Eric Lontchi-Yimagou, Arnel Redon Nana Nana, Aurel T Tankeu, Jean Claude Katte, Mesmin Y Dehayem, Charles Messanga Bengondo, Eugene Sobngwi
BACKGROUND: There is a burglar association between diabetes and periodontitis. Many studies has shown that periodontitis treatment can help improving glycemic control in diabetes patients but little evidence of non-surgical treatment benefit is available in sub Saharan african diabetes patients. We aimed to assess the effects of non-surgical periodontal treatment (NSPT) of chronic periodontitis on glycaemic control in poorly controlled type 2 diabetes patients (T2D) in a sub-Saharan Africa urban setting...
February 26, 2018: BMC Oral Health
Michael J Bok, Megan L Porter, Harry A Ten Hove, Richard Smith, Dan-Eric Nilsson
Fan worms, represented by sabellid and serpulid polychaetes, have an astonishing array of unusual eyes and photoreceptors located on their eponymous feeding appendages. Here we organize the previous descriptions of these eyes in serpulids and report new anatomical, molecular, and physiological data regarding their structure, function, and evolution and the likely identity of their phototransduction machinery. We report that, as in sabellids, serpulids display a broad diversity of radiolar eye arrangements and ocellar structures...
August 2017: Biological Bulletin
Manu E Saunders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Ecology
Karen A Hanley, Edith A Widder
Three major hypotheses have been proposed to explain why dinoflagellate bioluminescence deters copepod grazing: startle response, aposematic warning, and burglar alarm. These hypotheses propose dinoflagellate bioluminescence (A) startles predatory copepods, (B) warns potential predators of toxicity, and (C) draws the attention of higher order visual predators to the copepod's location. While the burglar alarm is the most commonly accepted hypothesis, it requires a high concentration of bioluminescent dinoflagellates to be effective, meaning the bioluminescence selective advantage at lower, more commonly observed, dinoflagellate concentrations may result from another function (e...
March 2017: Photochemistry and Photobiology
Iva Ivanova, Liane Wardlow, Jill Warker, Victor S Ferreira
Speakers sometimes encounter utterances that have anomalous linguistic features. Are such features registered during comprehension and transferred to speakers' production systems? In two experiments, we explored these questions. In a syntactic-priming paradigm, speakers heard prime sentences with novel or intransitive verbs as part of prepositional-dative or double-object structures (e.g., The chef munded the cup to the burglar or The doctor existed the pirate the balloon). Speakers then described target pictures eliciting the same structures, using the same or different novel or intransitive verbs...
February 2017: Memory & Cognition
Matt DeLisi, Erik J Nelson, Michael G Vaughn, Brian B Boutwell, Christopher P Salas-Wright
Burglary is serious property crime with a relatively high incidence and has been shown to be variously associated with other forms of criminal behavior. Unfortunately, an epidemiological understanding of burglary and its correlates is largely missing from the literature. Using public-use data collected between 2002 and 2013 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), the current study compared those who self-reported burglary arrest in the prior 12 months with and without criminal history...
March 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Michael J Bok, María Capa, Dan-Eric Nilsson
Fan worms (Annelida: Sabellidae) possess some of the strangest eyes in nature. Their eponymous fans are composed of two sets of radiolar tentacles that project from the head up out of the worm's protective tube into the water column. Primarily used for respiration and feeding, these radioles are also often involved in photoreception. They display a surprising diversity of eyes of varying levels of sophistication, ranging from scattered single ocelli to compound eyes with up to hundreds of facets. These photoreceptors could represent a relatively recent evolutionary development to cope with a sessile, tube-dwelling lifestyle, and the primary cerebral eyes (haplessly positioned within the tube most of the time) amount to little more than minute pigment cups with scant visual potential...
November 2016: Integrative and Comparative Biology
Shuvomoy Banerjee, Timsy Uppal, Roxanne Strahan, Prerna Dabral, Subhash C Verma
Apoptosis or programmed cell death is a tightly regulated process fundamental for cellular development and elimination of damaged or infected cells during the maintenance of cellular homeostasis. It is also an important cellular defense mechanism against viral invasion. In many instances, abnormal regulation of apoptosis has been associated with a number of diseases, including cancer development. Following infection of host cells, persistent and oncogenic viruses such as the members of the Gammaherpesvirus family employ a number of different mechanisms to avoid the host cell's "burglar" alarm and to alter the extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways by either deregulating the expressions of cellular signaling genes or by encoding the viral homologs of cellular genes...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Bryanna Hahn Fox, David P Farrington
Developmental and life-course (DLC) theories of crime aim to identify the causes and correlates of offending over the life span, focusing on the within-individual variations that result in criminal and delinquent behavior. Although there are several notable theories in the field, few contain both developmental and situational factors related to offending, and none explain why individuals commit crimes in different ways. This study aims to address these issues by developing typologies of burglars based on developmental and situational characteristics to help identify the various criminal career paths of the offenders, and how these different criminal careers may relate to the commission of offenses...
December 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Michael Townsley, Daniel Birks, Wim Bernasco, Stijn Ruiter, Shane D Johnson, Gentry White, Scott Baum
OBJECTIVES: This study builds on research undertaken by Bernasco and Nieuwbeerta and explores the generalizability of a theoretically derived offender target selection model in three cross-national study regions. METHODS: Taking a discrete spatial choice approach, we estimate the impact of both environment- and offender-level factors on residential burglary placement in the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and Australia. Combining cleared burglary data from all study regions in a single statistical model, we make statistical comparisons between environments...
February 2015: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
Pina Violano, Cassandra Driscoll, Neil K Chaudhary, Kevin M Schuster, Kimberly A Davis, Esther Borer, Jane K Winters, Michael P Hirsh
BACKGROUND: The United States has a high rate of death due to firearms, and gun buyback programs may mitigate these high death rates. Understanding the demographics, motivation, and geographic region of participants may improve program efficacy. METHODS: Three Injury Free Coalition for Kids gun buyback programs, in collaboration with the local police, were studied: Phoenix, Arizona; Worcester, Massachusetts; and New Haven, Connecticut. Participants were defined as those who relinquished a firearm...
September 2014: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Amelie Pedneault, Eric Beauregard, Danielle A Harris, Raymond A Knight
The present study investigated rationality in sexually motivated burglaries. Specifically, we analyzed the situational cues identified by sexual burglars in their target selection. The research project investigated 224 individual incidents of residential burglary with apparent sexual motivations. Situational characteristics of the incidents were recorded and analyzed using forward sequential regressions. Results indicated that most sexually motivated burglaries occurred in occupied residences with deficient physical guardianship, when the victim was alone...
August 2015: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
Dale Davidson, Linda D Chrosniak, Patricia Wanschura, Jane M Flinn
This study investigated why some homeless individuals seem unable to transition towards self-reliance, following traditional supportive services. It was hypothesized that this may be due to some cognitive dysfunction. Chronically homeless adults were compared to controls on three tests of prefrontal competency: the Iowa Gambling Task, Word Fluency (FAS), and the Burglar's Story; they performed significantly worse than controls on all three tests. These results indicate a relationship between chronic homelessness and possible pre-frontal deficits...
July 2014: Community Mental Health Journal
Sheena K Au-Yeung, Johanna K Kaakinen, Valerie Benson
The present study examined how eye movements during scene viewing are modulated by adopting psychological perspectives in both adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and typically developing adults. In the current study, participants viewed house scenes with either non-perspective-taking (look for valuable items/features of the house that need fixing) or perspective-taking instructions (imagine that you are a burglar/repairman) while their eye movements were recorded. The eye movement measures revealed that for the "look for the valuable items" and burglar perspective task, the ASD group showed typical relevance effects (the preference to look at schema-relevant compared with schema-irrelevant targets) in their eye movements...
February 2014: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
(no author information available yet)
A nurse's daughter has appealed for help in tracing her late mother's prized pre-war nursing badge after it was taken by burglars.
October 23, 2013: Nursing Standard
Sol Fernandez-Gonzalo, Esther Pousa, Merce Jodar, Marc Turon, Roso Duño, Diego Palao
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of neurocognition in a false-belief/deception theory of mind (ToM) task in a sample of patients with schizophrenia. In a cross-sectional study of 43 remitted patients, the implication of neurocognition in first- and second-order ToM stories was analyzed, controlling for clinical symptoms and duration of illness. None of the cognitive factors were associated with the first-order ToM stories. A logistic regression model with high specificity (96.3%) and sensitivity (75%) was obtained in the second-order ToM story "The Burglar," the Information subtest (odds ratio [OR], 0...
July 2013: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
E Peters, H Kunreuther, N Sagara, P Slovic, D R Schley
We examined the role of time and affect in intentions to purchase a risk-protective measure (Studies 1 and 2) and explored participant abilities to factor time into the likelihood judgments that presumably underlie such intentions (Study 3). Participants worried more about losing their possessions and were more likely to purchase a protective measure given a longer term lease than a short-term lease, but only if their belongings were described in affect-poor terms. If described instead as being particularly special and affect-rich, participants neglected time and were about equally likely to purchase a risk-protective measure for shorter and longer term leases...
December 2012: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
Rachel Chapman, Lisa L Smith, John W Bond
Car key burglary has recently become the focus of empirical investigation as offenders, no longer able to steal vehicles without first obtaining their keys, resort to "burgling" target properties. Research surrounding the modus operandi of these offenses is beginning to emerge; however, little attention has been paid to investigating the characteristics of car key burglary offenders. Challenging the assumption that car key burglary offenses are perpetrated by regular burglars, this study aims to differentiate between offenders...
July 2012: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Johanna K Kaakinen, Jukka Hyönä, Minna Viljanen
In the study, 33 participants viewed photographs from either a potential homebuyer's or a burglar's perspective, or in preparation for a memory test, while their eye movements were recorded. A free recall and a picture recognition task were performed after viewing. The results showed that perspective had rapid effects, in that the second fixation after the scene onset was more likely to land on perspective-relevant than on perspective-irrelevant areas within the scene. Perspective-relevant areas also attracted longer total fixation time, more visits, and longer first-pass dwell times than did perspective-irrelevant areas...
July 2011: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
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