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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526241/-guidelines-for-prevention-detection-and-management-of-hyperbilirubinaemia-in-newborns-of-35-or-more-weeks-of-gestation
#1
María Dolores Sánchez-Redondo Sánchez-Gabriel, José Luis Leante Castellanos, Isabel Benavente Fernández, Alejandro Pérez Muñuzuri, Segundo Rite Gracia, Cesar W Ruiz Campillo, Ester Sanz López, Manuel Sánchez Luna
Hyperbilirubinaemia is one of the most frequent causes of hospital readmission during the first week of life. Its detection is still a big challenge, mainly due to the early discharge from the hospital that can be associated with a delay of the diagnosis. The identification of those newborns at risk of developing significant hyperbilirubinaemia is one of the main priorities in the public health care system. An approach to the management of newborn jaundice is presented in this article, following the recommendations based on the medical evidence and on the opinion of the Standards Committee of the Spanish Society of Neonatology...
May 16, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511473/phytotherapy-with-hordeum-vulgare-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-infants-with-jaundice
#2
Gholamreza Panahandeh, Abolfazl Khoshdel, Morteza Sedehi, Azam Aliakbari
INTRODUCTION: Jaundice is one of the most common causes of admission to hospital in newborns which is often associated with several complications. AIM: The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of H. vulgare in reducing jaundice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized controlled trials 70 term infants hospitalized due to jaundice in 2014 were enrolled. Control group was treated with full-time phototherapy alone using LED except when the infants were breastfed and case group with phototherapy, as per the protocol in the control group, along with and topical H...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476693/oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labor-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-chapter%C3%A2-6-fetal-neonatal-and-pediatric-risks-and-adverse-effects-of-using-oxytocin-augmentation-during-spontaneous-labor
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469520/association-between-early-idiopathic-neonatal-jaundice-and-urinary-tract-infections
#4
Murat Özcan, S Ümit Sarici, Yüksel Yurdugül, Melis Akpinar, Demet Altun, Begüm Özcan, Muhittin A Serdar, Dilek Sarici
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Etiologic role, incidence, demographic, and response-to-treatment characteristics of urinary tract infection (UTI) among neonates, its relationship with significant neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, and abnormalities of the urinary system were studied in a prospective investigation in early (⩽10 days) idiopathic neonatal jaundice in which all other etiologic factors of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia were ruled out. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Urine samples for microscopic and bacteriologic examination were obtained with bladder catheterization from 155 newborns with early neonatal jaundice...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451045/-prelabour-rupture-of-membranes-prom-at-term-prognostic-factors-and-neonatal-consequences
#5
Asmama Yasmina, Amina Barakat
Prelabour rupture of membranes (PROM) at term occurs in 5 to 10% of pregnancies. It accounts for a significant proportion of neonatal morbidity and mortality. The aim of this case study was to determine the maternal and obstetric prognostic factors as well as full-term newborns outcomes in pregnancies complicated by prelabour rupture of membranes in patients hospitalized or managed at the outpatient clinic. We conducted a retrospective study of all cases of full-term infants born to mothers whose pregnancy was complicated by PROM, recorded in the neonatology department at the Children's Hospital of Rabat between 1 January and 31 July 2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397655/-liver-failure-in-neonatal-children-is-a-diagnostic-challenge
#6
Heidi Smedegaard, Vibeke Brix Christensen, Morten Hanefeld Dziegiel, Marianne Hørby Jørgensen
This case report presents a newborn boy with hypoglycaemia, anaemia, jaundice and severe coagulopathy during the first day of his life, imitating sepsis and disseminated intravascular coagulation. One week after the birth he was diagnosed with acute liver failure due to gestational alloimmune liver disease (GALD). Despite the fact that GALD is rare, it must be suspected in all unexplained stillborn children and infants with severe liver disease. If diagnosed, it is possible to prevent death and severe liver failure in future newborns by treating the affected women with immunoglobulin during pregnancy...
March 27, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357148/anti-k1-kell-antibody-expressed-in-maternal-breastmilk-a-case-report-of-a-neonate-with-multiple-intrauterine-transfusions-and-postnatal-exposure-to-kell-antibody-in-maternal-breastmilk
#7
Patrick DeMoss, Mohamed Asfour, Kelly Hersey
Hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn is a common consideration in newborn medicine, especially among the jaundiced. Maternal breastmilk provides numerous benefits to the infant, including nutrition and immunologic factors. Here, we present an infant who received three intrauterine transfusions for anemia secondary to anti-K1 (Kell), anti-C, and anti-e antibodies and whose maternal breastmilk tested positive for anti-Kell antibodies. The infant required another transfusion at 4 weeks of life for anemia...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326955/a-challenging-case-of-severe-infantile-cholestasis-in-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency
#8
Zahida Khan, Veena L Venkat, Kyle A Soltys, Donna B Stolz, Sarangarajan Ranganathan
Jaundice in the newborn period can be physiologic and is often due to benign causes. Jaundice due to conjugated hyperbilirubinemia extending beyond the second week of life may be an early sign of several cholestatic or metabolic liver diseases, and it requires logical and timely analysis so that specific treatments can be initiated. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is the most common genetic cause of pediatric liver disease and transplantation, and it must be considered when evaluating cholestatic infants. Here, we present an unusual case of alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency with severe infantile cholestasis and rapid decompensation in the first 4 months of life, where in-depth but timely diagnosis was crucial for the appropriate intervention to take place...
March 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321310/neonatal-cholestasis-mimicking-biliary-atresia-could-it-be-urinary-tract-infection
#9
Noella Maria Delia Pereira, Ira Shah
Cholestasis can occur in newborns due to infections. However, the manifestations of the underlying infections usually dominate the presentation. We present a 2-month-old infant who presented with jaundice and no fever or signs of systemic illness. Liver biopsy was suggestive of cholangitis. He was subsequently detected to have urinary tract infection with Klebsiella pneumoniae. The child was treated with appropriate antibiotics for 2 weeks following which the cholestasis resolved. Thus, neonatal cholestasis due to infections can also occur in the post-neonatal period without clinical manifestations of an underlying infection...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283555/developmental-genetic-dietary-and-xenobiotic-influences-on-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia
#10
REVIEW
Mei-Fei Yueh, Shujuan Chen, Nghia Nguyen, Robert H Tukey
Hyperbilirubinemia, caused by the accumulation of unconjugated bilirubin, is one of the most common clinical diagnoses in both premature and term newborns. Owing to the fact that bilirubin is metabolized solely through glucuronidation by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A1, it is now known that immaturity of UGT1A1, in combination with the overproduction of bilirubin during the developmental stage, acts as a bottleneck to bilirubin elimination and predisposes the infant to high total serum bilirubin levels...
May 2017: Molecular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264679/reproductive-outcomes-after-non-occupational-exposure-to-hexavalent-chromium-willits-california-1983-2014
#11
Linda L Remy, Vera Byers, Ted Clay
BACKGROUND: From 1963-1995, a factory in Willits, Mendocino County, CA used toxic hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) without adequate measures to protect the population. We use longitudinal hospital data to compare reproductive outcomes for two generations in Willits and two generations in the Rest of County (ROC). This is the first study to quantify the reproductive impact of Cr(VI) in a non-occupational population. METHODS: We searched California hospital discharge data (1983-2014) to find Mendocino County residents born 1950 or later...
March 6, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260850/the-role-of-serum-apelin-in-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#12
Yasser F Ali, Salah El-Morshedy, Abdulbasit Abdulhalim Imam, Nasser Ismai A Abdelrahman, Riad M Elsayed, Usama M Alkholy, Nermin Abdalmonem, Mohammed M Shehab
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of serum apelin as a diagnostic tool in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight preterm infants (60% male) with gestational age ranging from 30 to 36 weeks admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit, KJO Hospital, Saudi Arabia with proven diagnosis of ROP were included in the study. In addition, 27 preterm infants without ROP served as controls. All newborn infants in the study were subjected to adequate history taking, full clinical examination, and fundus examination by indirect ophthalmoscope (at 4-6 weeks) as well as determination of serum apelin at birth and at 4-6 weeks of age...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179382/jaundice-in-newborn-babies-under-28%C3%A2-days-nice-guideline-2016-cg98
#13
Rachel C Amos, Hannah Jacob, Wynne Leith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176163/retrospective-analysis-of-55-twin-neonates-with-haemolytic-disease-of-the-newborn
#14
Hu Zhao, Bijuan Li, Ning Li, Yamei Shen, Kailiang Liu, Xiangwu Shu, Cheng Mei, Lanlan Tang
Haemolytic disease is a condition characterized by anaemia and jaundice, and the course may be more complicated in twins. We investigated the demographic and laboratory characteristics of twins with haemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) and compared these characteristics between groups categorized according to multiple birth status (twins vs. singletons) and conception method (assisted reproductive technology (ART) vs. spontaneous conception). Fifty-five twins with HDN and 253 singletons with HDN who were born during the same period (controls) were included in the study, and we performed comparisons between them...
February 8, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155287/primary-health-workers-knowledge-and-practices-relating-to-neonatal-jaundice-in-ibadan-nigeria
#15
Adebola E Orimadegun, Adeola O Ojebiyi
BACKGROUND: Over half of births and newborn care occur in primary healthcare facilities in Nigeria, but information on activities of personnel working there is scarce. AIM: To assess the knowledge and practices relating to neonatal jaundice (NNJ) among community health workers (CHWs) and community birth attendants (CBAs) in Nigeria. SETTING: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of all 227 CHWs and 193 registered CBAs in Ibadan, Nigeria...
January 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131490/prediction-of-3-to-5-month-outcomes-from-signs-of-acute-bilirubin-toxicity-in-newborn-infants
#16
Salma Z El Houchi, Iman Iskander, Rasha Gamaleldin, Amira El Shenawy, Iman Seoud, Hazem Abou-Youssef, Richard P Wennberg
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of the bilirubin-induced neurologic dysfunction (BIND) score to predict residual neurologic and auditory disability and to document the relationship of BIND score to total serum bilirubin (TSB) concentration. STUDY DESIGN: The BIND score (assessing mental status, muscle tone, and cry patterns) was obtained serially at 6- to 8-hour intervals in 220 near-term and full-term infants with severe hyperbilirubinemia. Neurologic and/or auditory outcomes at 3-5 months of age were correlated with the highest calculated BIND score...
April 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123337/a-harmful-traditional-practice-in-newborns-with-adrenocorticotropic-hormone-resistance-syndrome-branding
#17
Osman Baştuğ, Levent Korkmaz, Sabriye Korkut, Hülya Halis, Tamer Güneş, Selim Kurtoğlu
Branding refers to a traditional practice of creating 'therapeutic' burns with hot iron rods over the skin in order to treat various diseases. Although branding is a harmful practice for the body, it has been used for various illnesses including physiologic jaundice in newborns, pneumonia, and convulsions. It causes serious morbidity and delays seeking proper medical care in neonates. Innovations of modern medicine and the use of evidence-based medicine should be preferred instead of these traditional practices...
December 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123333/clinical-molecular-and-genetic-evaluation-of-galactosemia-in-turkish-children
#18
Sezen Ugan Atik, Semra Gürsoy, Tuba Koçkar, Hasan Önal, Servet Erdal Adal
AIM: Galactosemia is a carbohydrate metabolism disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance. The most frequent enzyme deficiency is galactose-1-phosphate-uridylytransferase, which causes classic galactosemia. When the enzyme is absent, an infant cannot metabolize galactose-1-phosphate and it cumulates in liver, kidney, brain, tongue, lens, and skin. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and molecular characteristics of patients with galactosemia, which is observed more frequently in our country than anywhere else in the world...
December 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094087/-management-of-jaundice-in-the-newborn%C3%A2-35%C3%A2-gw-from-screening-to-follow-up-after-discharge-guidelines-for-clinical-practice
#19
A Cortey, L Renesme, J Raignoux, A Bedu, C Casper, P Tourneux, P Truffert
Jaundice due to unconjugated bilirubin is an everyday condition in the neonatal period because it results from the adaptation of bilirubin metabolism at this time of life. Hyperbilirubinemia has a potential neurotoxicity and although it most often resolves spontaneously, it can lead to acute and sometimes chronic encephalopathy. The latter condition is called kernicterus and induces severe and irreversible neurological sequelae. This rare complication is still reported in all countries throughout the world even if severe hyperbilirubinemia can be prevented and critical points points of failure in jaundice management are identified...
February 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050400/the-association-between-prolonged-jaundice-and-ugt1a1-gene-polymorphism-g71r-in-gilbert-s-syndrome
#20
Ehsan Alaee, Behnaz Bazrafshan, Ali Reza Azaminejad, Mahnaz Fouladinejad, Majid Shahbazi
INTRODUCTION: Jaundice is a common condition during the neonatal period. Prolonged jaundice occurs in a large number of breastfed infants. Considering the impact of genetic factors on the incidence of jaundice present study was conducted. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the association between prolonged jaundice and G71R polymorphism in Gilbert's syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study was conducted at Taleghani Children's Hospital of Gorgan, Iran...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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