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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734631/sexting-and-the-definition-issue
#1
REVIEW
Yara Barrense-Dias, André Berchtold, Joan-Carles Surís, Christina Akre
Sexting among youths has become a necessary topic of interest in research because of the negative consequences that this activity could create, especially when content is shared with others. Indeed, this loss of control could lead to humiliation, (cyber)bullying, or harassment. The development of new technologies, press coverage, and increase of prevalence rates could also explain the growth of interest in sexting. However, its definition is still a gray area. This review examines the different definitions of sexting used in the literature and its correlates...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734403/introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-bullying
#2
EDITORIAL
Ann Hagell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731856/bullying-its-effects-on-attitude-towards-class-attendance-and-the-contribution-of-physical-and-dentofacial-features-among-adolescents-in-northern-nigeria
#3
Oguchi Chikaodi, Yahaya Abdulmanan, Adeyemi Tope Emmanuel, Jibril Muhammad, Modu Adam Mohammed, Akpasa Izegboya, Otuyemi Olayinka Donald, Sani Balarabe
Background Bullying is a worldwide problem with varying consequences. Victims of school bullying may be targeted for many reasons including their appearance. They may also fear school and have difficulties in concentration. Objective This study aimed to determine the prevalence of bullying amongst adolescents in Kano, Northern Nigeria, the contribution of physical features and the perceived effect of bullying on their academic performance and school attendance. Subjects and methods Eight hundred and thirty-five students aged between 12 years and 17 years from eight randomly selected secondary schools in Kano, Nigeria took part in this study...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731374/trait-emotional-intelligence-related-to-bullying-in-elementary-school-children-and-to-victimization-in-boys
#4
Andrew A Peachey, Jeanne Wenos, Stephanie Baller
While Healthy People 2020 calls for a reduction of bullying among high school students as a public health priority, earlier intervention supported by Occupational Therapists may be warranted. The current study investigated the prevalence of bullying behaviors within an elementary school, compared the experiences of victims with those of perpetrators, and determined when and for whom Trait Emotional Intelligence is a predictor of bullying and victimization. Elementary school children ( n = 235) in Grades 3 to 5 completed the Forms of Bullying Scale-Victim, the Forms of Bullying Scale-Perpetrator, and the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Child Short Form...
July 1, 2017: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729576/rcsed-launches-anti-bullying-campaign
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727173/national-data-study-showed-that-adolescents-living-in-poorer-households-and-with-one-parent-were-more-likely-to-be-bullied
#6
S B Låftman, E Fransson, B Modin, V Östberg
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess whether sociodemographic household characteristics were associated with which Swedish adolescents were more likely to be bullied. METHODS: The data were derived from the Swedish Living Conditions Survey and its child supplements from the survey years 2008-2011. The analyses included information on 3,951 adolescents aged 10-18 years. Exposure to bullying was reported by adolescents and information on sociodemographic household characteristics was reported by parents and obtained from official registers...
July 20, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724432/the-role-of-peer-victimization-in-the-physical-activity-and-screen-time-of-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Jodie A Stearns, Valerie Carson, John C Spence, Guy Faulkner, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Negative peer experiences may lead adolescents with overweight and obesity to be less active and engage in more sitting-related behaviors. Our study is among the first to empirically test these associations and hypothesized that 1) peer victimization would mediate the negative association between body weight status and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and 2) peer victimization would mediate the positive association between body weight status and screen time. Differences by gender were also explored...
July 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724061/multi-locus-mixed-model-analysis-of-stem-rust-resistance-in-winter-wheat
#8
Paul D Mihalyov, Virginia A Nichols, Peter Bulli, Matthew N Rouse, Michael O Pumphrey
Genome-wide association mapping is a powerful tool for dissecting the relationship between phenotypes and genetic variants in diverse populations. With the improved cost efficiency of high-throughput genotyping platforms, association mapping is a desirable method of mining populations for favorable alleles that hold value for crop improvement. Stem rust, caused by the fungus f. sp. is a devastating disease that threatens wheat ( L.) production worldwide. Here, we explored the genetic basis of stem rust resistance in a global collection of 1411 hexaploid winter wheat accessions genotyped with 5390 single nucleotide polymorphism markers...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724015/anti-bullying-interventions-in-schools-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
Jorge Luiz da Silva, Wanderlei Abadio de Oliveira, Flávia Carvalho Malta de Mello, Luciane Sá de Andrade, Marina Rezende Bazon, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
This paper presents a systematic literature review addressing rigorously planned and assessed interventions intended to reduce school bullying. The search for papers was performed in four databases (Lilacs, Psycinfo, Scielo and Web of Science) and guided by the question: What are the interventions used to reduce bullying in schools? Only case-control studies specifically focusing on school bullying without a time frame were included. The methodological quality of investigations was assessed using the SIGN checklist...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723310/sense-of-belonging-and-youth-suicidal-behaviors-what-do-communities-and-schools-have-to-do-with-it
#10
Katarzyna Olcoń, Yeonwoo Kim, Lauren E Gulbas
Situating Thomas Joiner's concept of belonging within an ecological perspective, this study examined the associations between school and community belonging and suicidal ideation and attempts among high school students. The study used data from the 2013 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N = 2,560). Results demonstrated that community belonging reduced the odds of youth suicidal behaviors. School bullying, feeling unsafe at school, and being threatened or injured at a school increased the odds of suicidal behaviors...
July 19, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715666/cognitive-affective-and-social-factors-maintaining-paranoia-in-adolescents-with-mental-health-problems-a-longitudinal-study
#11
Jessica C Bird, Felicity Waite, Eleanor Rowsell, Emma C Fergusson, Daniel Freeman
Paranoia may be a significant concern during adolescence, but there has been little research on excessive mistrust in young people. In this longitudinal study we set out to test the predictive ability of a number of cognitive, affective, and social factors in the early development of paranoia in a clinical adolescent population. Thirty four help-seeking adolescents, aged 11-16 years, reporting paranoid thoughts and attending mental health services were recruited. Self-report and interview assessments of paranoia were conducted at baseline...
July 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715261/social-media-use-and-conduct-problems-in-emerging-adults
#12
Victoria L Galica, Anna Vannucci, Kaitlin M Flannery, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
Social media use has become pervasive in the lives of emerging adults. Although social media may provide individuals with positive opportunities for communication and learning, social media sites also may provide an outlet for youth conduct problems, such as bullying, harassment, and intentional hostility and aggression toward others. Yet, the relationship between social media use and conduct problems remains unclear. This study investigated the association between conduct disorder (CD) symptoms before age 15 and social media use during emerging adulthood in a large, nationally representative sample...
July 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714893/loneliness-insomnia-and-suicidal-behavior-among-school-going-adolescents-in-western-pacific-island-countries-role-of-violence-and-injury
#13
Bimala Sharma, Tae Ho Lee, Eun Woo Nam
This study aimed to examine whether being bullied, fighting, and injury, regarded in terms of frequency and nature, were significantly associated with psychological distress and suicidal behavior, independent of substance abuse and parental support in adolescents. Secondary analysis of data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey from Kiribati, the Solomon Islands, and Vanuatu was conducted. Binomial logistic regression analysis was used to examine the association of being bullied, fighting and injury with psychological health outcomes (loneliness, insomnia, suicidal ideation and suicide attempt) at a 5% level of significance...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714096/enactors-of-horizontal-violence-the-pathological-bully-the-self-justified-bully-and-the-unprofessional-co-worker
#14
Rosemary A Taylor, Steven S Taylor
AIM: To suggest an alternative approach to improving recognition of horizontal violence using enactor types identified in a study exploring nurses' perceptions of horizontal violence. BACKGROUND: Horizontal violence is an umbrella term used to describe a range of aggressive behaviors between nurse colleagues. It is suggested that nurses do not recognize the phenomenon when they witness or experience it, contributing to its perpetuation. DESIGN: This was a qualitative, descriptive study undertaken to inform theory development and the design of future interventions to address horizontal violence...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713309/associations-among-different-internet-access-time-gender-and-cyberbullying-behaviors-in-taiwan-s-adolescents
#15
Cheng-Min Chao, Tai-Kuei Yu
With the increasing convenience of social networking sites and their interconnectedness with human interaction, verbal and image bullying have turned digital, making cyberbullying a new form of bullying attracting the attention of researchers, social workers, and schools. This study focuses on the status quo of attitude toward cyberbullying and cyberbullying behavior, explores associations of attitude toward behavior on cyberbullying behavior in gender and different internet access times. In a cross-sectional survey, adolescents were surveyed through self-report questionnaires, 13,864 respondents were received among 150 high schools in Taiwan...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711812/bullying-involvement-and-adolescent-substance-use-a-multilevel-investigation-of-individual-and-neighbourhood-risk-factors
#16
Laura J Lambe, Wendy M Craig
BACKGROUND: Youth involved with school bullying are vulnerable to many negative outcomes, including substance use. Research has yet to examine how this vulnerability operates in the context of other individual and neighbourhood differences. The current study aimed to fill this gap by using multilevel modeling to investigate both the individual and neighbourhood risk factors associated with frequent drunkenness and frequent cannabis use among adolescents. METHODS: Data from the 2010 Canadian Health Behaviours in School-Aged Children (HBSC) survey were analyzed...
June 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711191/the-relationships-between-violence-in-childhood-and-educational-outcomes-a-global-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Deborah Fry, Xiangming Fang, Stuart Elliott, Tabitha Casey, Xiaodong Zheng, Jiaoyuan Li, Lani Florian, Gillean McCluskey
This is the first study to estimate the association globally between violence in childhood on educational outcomes, addressing a significant gap in the current evidence base. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were conducted to identify 67 and 43 studies respectively from 21 countries to estimate the relationship between different types of violence in childhood on educational outcomes including school dropout/graduation, school absence, academic achievement and other educational outcomes such as grade retention, learning outcomes and remedial classes...
July 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705692/how-early-do-social-determinants-of-health-begin-to-operate-results-from-the-fragile-families-and-child-wellbeing-study
#18
Anao Zhang, Yolanda C Padilla, Yeonwoo Kim
From a life course perspective, important insights about how social determinants of health operate can be gained by analyzing the various forms that social climate can take in different life periods. For children, a critical aspect of social climate is exposure to bullying. Bullying can serve as a proxy for power imbalance and social exclusion analogous to adult social climate of discrimination and racism. We used the Year 9 follow-up data of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=3301) that, for the first time included interviews with the children...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701974/substance-use-among-adolescents-involved-in-bullying-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-study
#19
Jorge Gaete, Bernardita Tornero, Daniela Valenzuela, Cristian A Rojas-Barahona, Christina Salmivalli, Eduardo Valenzuela, Ricardo Araya
Being involved in bullying as a victim or perpetrator could have deleterious health consequences. Even though there is some evidence that bullies and victims of bullying have a higher risk for drug use, less is known about bystanders. The aim of this research was to study the association between bullying experience (as victims, bullies, or bystanders) and substance use. We gathered complete information from a nationally representative sample of 36,687 students (51.4% female) attending 756 schools in Chile. We used a self-reported questionnaire which was developed based on similar instruments used elsewhere...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701085/book-review-misbehavior-in-organizations-a-dynamic-approach-cyberbullying-where-are-we-now-a-cross-national-understanding-infostorms-why-do-we-like-explaining-individual-behavior-on-the-social-net-stalker-hacker-voyeur-spy-a-psychoanalytic-study-of-erotomania
#20
Martin Guha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
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