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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448478/quickstats-percentage-of-adult-workers-aged-%C3%A2-18-years-who-reported-being-threatened-bullied-or-harassed-while-on-the-job-%C3%A2-by-sex-national-health-interview-survey-united-states-2010-and-2015-%C3%A2
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445361/adolescent-desire-for-cosmetic-surgery-associations-with-bullying-and-psychological-functioning
#2
Kirsty Lee, Alexa Guy, Jeremy Dale, Dieter Wolke
BACKGROUND: Adolescent bullying may be a key driver of interest in cosmetic surgery. This study examined the extent of such interest and whether any effect was sex-specific, and examined psychological functioning as a potential mechanism through which bullying involvement may lead to a wish for cosmetic surgery. METHODS: A two-stage design was used. In the first stage, 2782 adolescents (aged 11 to 16 years) were screened for bullying involvement using self-reports and peer nominations...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445177/workplace-bullying-as-a-predictor-of-disability-retirement-a-prospective-registry-study-of-norwegian-employees
#3
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Jan Shahid Emberland, Stein Knardahl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine 1) whether bullying is related to all-cause disability retirement, 2) whether bullying contributes to the variance in disability retirement above high job demands and lack of job control, and 3) to establish gender differences in the relationship. METHODS: Survey data from 14,501 Norwegian employees on exposure factors linked to registry data on all-cause disability retirement. RESULTS: Bullying significantly predicted risk of disability retirement (hazard ratio = 1...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444481/peer-victimization-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviors-in-depressed-adolescents
#4
Jeremy G Stewart, Linda Valeri, Erika C Esposito, Randy P Auerbach
Suicide is a leading cause of death among youth worldwide, and depressed adolescents are at a significantly elevated risk to report suicidal ideation, planning, and attempts. Peer victimization is a robust predictor of adolescent suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs), but little research has focused on why bullying leads to suicidal thoughts and behaviors. To address this empirical gap, we recruited 340 (246 female) depressed adolescents ages 13-19 (M = 15.59, SD = 1.41) within 48 h of admission for acute psychiatric treatment...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439379/injuries-violence-and-bullying-among-middle-school-students-in-oman
#5
Richard P Peyton, Shamika Ranasinghe, Kathryn H Jacobsen
OBJECTIVES: Injuries account for a substantial proportion of the burden of disease in adolescents globally. This paper describes injury rates and associated exposures, and risk behaviors in Oman's 2010 Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS). METHODS: This study used complex samples analysis to examine nationally-representative data from 1 606 students in grades eight, nine, and 10 who participated in the 2010 Oman GSHS. RESULTS: In total, 34...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438245/bullying-and-the-detrimental-role-of-un-forgiveness-in-adolescents-wellbeing
#6
Barbara Barcaccia, Barry Howard Schneider, Susanna Pallini, Roberto Baiocco
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that victimisation by bullies is linked with psychopathology. Research has also demonstrated that forgiveness is associated with the mental health of victims of bullying. METHOD: Our objective was to explore the multiple components of forgiveness (i.e., benevolence, decreased avoidance of the perpetrator and diminished desire for revenge) as mediators of the negative mental health effects of bullying in Italian adolescents. Our hypothesis was that those who forgive their bullies would show lower levels of depression, state anger, and behaviour problems than those who did not forgive...
May 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434092/cyberbullying-victimization-and-adolescent-mental-health-evidence-of-differential-effects-by-sex-and-mental-health-problem-type
#7
Soyeon Kim, Scott R Colwell, Anna Kata, Michael H Boyle, Katholiki Georgiades
The use of electronic communication technologies has become a core method for adolescent communication. While there are many benefits to such technologies, cyberbullying has emerged as a potential harm. This study examines the association between cyberbullying and adolescent mental health problems and the extent to which this association differs by sex and mental health problem type. A clustered sample of 31,148 students in grades 6-12 (Female = 51.9%; 56.5% Caucasian, 10.2% South Asian) completed an anonymous survey asking their frequency of exposure to traditional forms of bullying, cyberbullying, and experiences of mental health problems over the past 6 months...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434091/continued-bullying-victimization-in-adolescents-maladaptive-schemas-as-a-mediational-mechanism
#8
Esther Calvete, Liria Fernández-González, Joaquín M González-Cabrera, Manuel Gámez-Guadix
Bullying victimization in adolescence is a significant social problem that can become persistent over time for some victims. However, there is an overall paucity of research examining the factors that contribute to continued bullying victimization. Schema therapy proposes a model that can help us understand why bullying victimization can be persistent for some victims. This study examines the role of maladaptive schemas, the key concept in schema therapy, as a mechanism of continued bullying victimization. The hypothesis was that maladaptive schemas of rejection mediate the predictive association between victimization in both the family and at school and future bullying victimization...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429804/identifying-tagging-snps-for-african-specific-genetic-variation-from-the-african-diaspora-genome
#9
Henry Richard Johnston, Yi-Juan Hu, Jingjing Gao, Timothy D O'Connor, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Genevieve L Wojcik, Christopher R Gignoux, Pierre-Antoine Gourraud, Antoine Lizee, Mark Hansen, Rob Genuario, Dave Bullis, Cindy Lawley, Eimear E Kenny, Carlos Bustamante, Terri H Beaty, Rasika A Mathias, Kathleen C Barnes, Zhaohui S Qin
A primary goal of The Consortium on Asthma among African-ancestry Populations in the Americas (CAAPA) is to develop an 'African Diaspora Power Chip' (ADPC), a genotyping array consisting of tagging SNPs, useful in comprehensively identifying African specific genetic variation. This array is designed based on the novel variation identified in 642 CAAPA samples of African ancestry with high coverage whole genome sequence data (~30× depth). This novel variation extends the pattern of variation catalogued in the 1000 Genomes and Exome Sequencing Projects to a spectrum of populations representing the wide range of West African genomic diversity...
April 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428817/prevalence-and-correlates-of-adhd-among-adolescents-in-a-beirut-community-sample-results-from-the-bei-psy-study
#10
Elias Ghossoub, Lilian A Ghandour, Fadi Halabi, Pia Zeinoun, Al Amira Safa Shehab, Fadi T Maalouf
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the prevalence, correlates and treatment seeking behavior related to ADHD among adolescents from Lebanon. METHODS: Five hundred and ten adolescents were recruited through multistage stratified cluster sampling of households in Beirut, and separately interviewed along with one parent/legal guardian, using the DAWBA. All adolescents completed the PRQ and the SDQ; the parent/legal guardian also completed the SDQ and provided basic demographic information, including attitudes towards seeking mental health services...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427952/anti-bullying-policies-and-disparities-in-bullying-a-state-level-analysis
#11
Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Javier E Flores, Joseph E Cavanaugh, Angela Onwuachi-Willig, Marizen R Ramirez
INTRODUCTION: Recent research suggests that anti-bullying laws may be effective in reducing risk of bullying victimization among youth, but no research has determined whether these laws are also effective in reducing disparities in bullying. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the effectiveness of anti-bullying legislation in reducing disparities in sex- and weight-based bullying and cyberbullying victimization. METHODS: Data on anti-bullying legislation were obtained from the U...
April 17, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427369/suicidal-ideation-and-its-correlates-among-high-school-students-in-iran-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Reza Ziaei, Eija Viitasara, Joaquim Soares, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazarghani, Saeed Dastgiri, Ali Hossein Zeinalzadeh, Farhad Bahadori, Reza Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Globally, the second leading cause of death among adolescents is suicide and in middle-income countries adolescents' suicidal ideation is a neglected public health area. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among 15-17-year-old high school students in Iran. METHODS: Self-administered, Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) questionnaires were distributed to a representative sample (N =1517) of high-school students aged 15-17 in the city of Tabriz...
April 20, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427021/risk-factors-for-learning-problems-in-youth-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures
#13
Julia Doss, Rochelle Caplan, Prabha Siddarth, Brenda Bursch, Tatiana Falcone, Marcy Forgey, Kyle Hinman, W Curt LaFrance, Rebecca Laptook, Richard Shaw, Deborah Weisbrot, Matthew Willis, Sigita Plioplys
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the risk factors for learning problems (LP) in pediatric psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) and their specificity by comparing psychopathology, medical, cognitive/linguistic/achievement, bullying history, and parent education variables between subjects with PNES with and without LP and between subjects with PNES and siblings with LP. METHODS: 55 subjects with PNES and 35 siblings, aged 8-18years, underwent cognitive, linguistic, and achievement testing, and completed somatization and anxiety sensitivity questionnaires...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425005/is-spiritual-well-being-among-adolescents-associated-with-a-lower-level-of-bullying-behaviour-the-mediating-effect-of-perceived-bullying-behaviour-of-peers
#14
Katarina Dutkova, Jana Holubcikova, Michaela Kravcova, Peter Babincak, Peter Tavel, Andrea Madarasova Geckova
The aim of this study was to explore the association between spiritual well-being and bullying among Slovak adolescents, and whether perceived bullying behaviour of peers mediated this relationship. Data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study conducted in 2014 in Slovakia were used. Data were obtained from 9250 adolescents with a mean age of 13.48 years. The final sample consisted of 762 adolescents aged 15 years old (52.2% boys). We used logistic regression models and the Sobel test. Adolescents who reported a higher level of spiritual well-being were at lower risk of reporting that some or more schoolmates bully others or that they themselves bully others...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414482/the-power-and-limits-of-personal-change-when-a-bad-past-does-and-does-not-inspire-in-the-present
#15
Nadav Klein, Ed O'Brien
Observing other people improve their lives can be a powerful source of inspiration. Eight experiments explore the power, limits, and reasons for this power of personal change to inspire. We find that people who have improved from undesirable pasts (e.g., people who used to abuse extreme drugs but no longer do) are more inspiring than people who maintain consistently desirable standings (e.g., people who have never used extreme drugs to begin with), because change is perceived as more effortful than stability (Experiments 1a and 1b)...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406857/spectacle-compliance-among-adolescents-a-qualitative-study-from-southern-india
#16
Anuradha Narayanan, Shuba Kumar, Krishna Kumar Ramani
PURPOSE: To understand the perceptions of adolescents and their parents about spectacle compliance of adolescents in Southern India. METHODS: Using a qualitative snapshot design, three focus group discussions were conducted each with parents and adolescents studying in schools located in and around Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Purposive sampling technique was used in the selection of participants. Separate focus group guides were developed for parents and adolescents. All focus group discussions were conducted in the school premises and audio recorded...
May 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402227/developing-the-cyber-victimization-experiences-and-cyberbullying-behaviors-scales
#17
Lucy R Betts, Karin A Spenser
The reported prevalence rates of cyber victimization experiences and cyberbullying behaviors vary. Part of this variation is likely due to the diverse definitions and operationalizations of the constructs adopted in previous research and the lack of psychometrically robust measures. Through 2 studies, the authors developed (Study 1) and evaluated (Study 2) the cyber victimization experiences and cyberbullying behaviors scales. Participants in Study 1 were 393 (122 boys, 171 girls) and in Study 2 were 345 (153 boys, 192 girls) 11-15-year-olds who completed measures of cyber victimization experiences, cyberbullying behaviors, face-to-face victimization experiences, face-to-face bullying behaviors, and social desirability...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402201/bullying-and-cyberbullying-in-adulthood-and-the-workplace
#18
Robin M Kowalski, Allison Toth, Megan Morgan
Two studies generated profiles of cyberbullying/cyberincivility and traditional bullying/incivility in adults, particularly within the workplace. In Study 1, 20% of 3,699 participants had the majority of cyberbullying victimization and 7.5% had the majority of traditional bullying victimization occur in adulthood, with 30% saying they were bullied at work. Relationships between bullying and negative outcomes were found. Because of the clear evidence of bullying and cyberbullying in the workplace in Study 1, Study 2 addressed the relationship of these constructs to workplace incivility...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401049/consequences-of-bullying-victimization-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Sophie E Moore, Rosana E Norman, Shuichi Suetani, Hannah J Thomas, Peter D Sly, James G Scott
AIM: To identify health and psychosocial problems associated with bullying victimization and conduct a meta-analysis summarizing the causal evidence. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE, ERIC and PsycINFO electronic databases up to 28 February 2015. The study included published longitudinal and cross-sectional articles that examined health and psychosocial consequences of bullying victimization. All meta-analyses were based on quality-effects models...
March 22, 2017: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395634/buddies-not-bullies-an-approach-to-bullying-prevention-education-in-preschool-children-their-families-and-the-community
#20
Michelle A Beauchesne, Patrice E Farquharson, Patricia Beauchemin
Bullying is a traumatic event and has been observed among children as young as four years old. We have designed the Buddies Not Bullies initiative, which is a series of projects to help preschool children protect themselves from bullying. We also designed projects to educate the families of these preschool children and their community on the effects of bullying. The Buddies Not Bullies initiative promotes social-emotional development and discourages behaviours that might lead to bullying. In this article the initiatives designed to engage preschool children and raise awareness, including an interactive puppet show, are outlined...
April 11, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
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