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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228573/grace-under-pressure-a-drama-based-approach-to-tackling-mistreatment-of-medical-students
#1
Karen M Scott, Špela Berlec, Louise Nash, Claire Hooker, Paul Dwyer, Paul Macneill, Jo River, Kimberley Ivory
A positive and respectful learning environment is fundamental to the development of professional identities in healthcare. Yet medical students report poor behaviour from healthcare professionals that contradict professionalism teaching. An interdisciplinary group designed and implemented a drama-based workshop series, based on applied theatre techniques, to help students develop positive professional qualities and interpersonal skills to deal with challenges in the healthcare setting. We piloted the workshops at the University of Sydney in 2015...
March 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225658/lgbtq-part-2
#2
Tracy Perron, Connie Kartoz, Chaya Himelfarb
In addition to dealing with the normal challenges of being a teenager, many times LGBTQ youth have to deal with harassment, intimidation, and bullying on a daily basis as they disproportionately experience verbal and physical harassment while in school as a result of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This violence adversely affects these students' health and well-being as reflected in the depression and suicide rate among LGBTQ youth. As Part 2 of a series in articles on caring for LGBTQ youth in a school setting, this article reviews specific health risks in this group of students...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223807/the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-adult-psychosis-in-a-uk-early-intervention-service-results-of-a-retrospective-case-note-study
#3
Francesca D Reeder, Nusrat Husain, Abdul Rhouma, Peter M Haddad, Tariq Munshi, Farooq Naeem, Davit Khachatryan, Imran B Chaudhry
AIM: There is evidence that childhood trauma is a risk factor for the development of psychosis and it is recommended that childhood trauma is inquired about in all patients presenting with psychosis. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of childhood trauma in patients in the UK Early Intervention Service based on a case note review. METHODS: This is a retrospective case note study of 296 patients in an UK Early Intervention Service. Trauma history obtained on service entry was reviewed and trauma experienced categorized...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222451/what-family-physicians-can-do-to-combat-bullying
#4
REVIEW
Robert J McClowry, Marshal N Miller, Geoffrey D Mills
Bullying has significant health implications for young people and society at large. These screening tools, tips for responding to bullies, and Web resources can help.
February 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222450/it-s-time-to-screen-for-bullying
#5
EDITORIAL
John Hickner
Because bullying occurs so frequently, public health, community-based, and school-based approaches, rather than one-on-one office-based interventions, are likely to have the greatest overall impact on decreasing bullying. Randomized trials bear this out, showing that prevention programs in schools can effectively reduce the behavior.
February 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221068/why-wasn-t-prevention-included-comment-on-the-special-issue-on-undergraduate-education-in-psychology-2016
#6
Elaine Clanton Harpine
In the February/March 2016 special issue, articles by Gurung et al. (2016) and Norcross et al. (2016) called for change in undergraduate education; however, the special issue failed to include prevention. This comment shows that undergraduate education should include a specialization in prevention, focusing on prevention groups. This could offer a new 4-year career path in psychology, expanding psychology student job opportunities. Prevention groups include health prevention, school-based prevention, violence and anger prevention, and bullying prevention...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220471/can-schools-reduce-bullying-the-relationship-between-school-characteristics-and-the-prevalence-of-bullying-behaviours
#7
Daniel Muijs
BACKGROUND: Bullying remains a persistent phenomenon in schools, but the extent to which day-to-day policies and practices relate to bullying prevalence has not been widely studied. In this study, we use an educational effectiveness framework to interrogate this relationship. AIMS: The aim was to study the relationship between school factors and prevalence of bullying in primary schools. We hypothesize that school conditions (e.g., size), school policies (e.g., behaviour policies), and school processes (e...
February 21, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220456/obesity-in-children-and-the-myth-of-psychological-maladjustment-self-esteem-in-the-spotlight
#8
REVIEW
Andrew J Hill
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are contrasting views regarding the psychological well-being of children with obesity. Responding to limitations of existing evidence, Jane Wardle in 2005 argued for a 'myth of psychological maladjustment'. This review looks again at self-esteem. RECENT FINDINGS: The different characterisations of self-esteem each offer value. Global self-esteem is reduced in nearly all studies of youth with obesity. Dimensional self-esteem reveals physical appearance, athletic and social competence as the most affected areas, confirmed by research that has operationalised low self-competence...
February 20, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219960/comparison-of-substance-use-subjective-well-being-and-interpersonal-relationships-among-young-people-in-foster-care-and-private-households-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-school-health-research-network-survey-in-wales
#9
Sara Jayne Long, Rhiannon E Evans, Adam Fletcher, Gillian Hewitt, Simon Murphy, Honor Young, Graham F Moore
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of living in foster care (FC) with substance use and subjective well-being in a sample of secondary school students (11-16 years) in Wales in 2015/16, and to examine whether these associations are attenuated by the perceived quality of interpersonal relationships. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, population-based health behaviour and lifestyle questionnaire. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Wales, UK; young people who took part in the 2015/16 School Health Research Network (SHRN) questionnaire (n=32 479)...
February 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219403/the-kiva-antibullying-program-in-primary-schools-in-chile-with-and-without-the-digital-game-component-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Jorge Gaete, Daniela Valenzuela, Cristian Rojas-Barahona, Eduardo Valenzuela, Ricardo Araya, Christina Salmivalli
BACKGROUND: Bullying is a major problem worldwide and Chile is no exception. Bullying is defined as a systematic aggressive behavior against a victim who cannot defend him or herself. Victims suffer social isolation and psychological maladjustment, while bullies have a higher risk for conduct problems and substance use disorders. These problems appear to last over time. The KiVa antibullying program has been evaluated in Finland and other European countries, showing preventive effects on victimization and self-reported bullying...
February 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214362/is-there-an-association-between-verbal-school-bullying-and-possible-sleep-bruxism-in-adolescents
#11
Junia Maria Serra-Negra, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Patricia Corrêa-Faria, Livia Bonfim Fulgêncio, Saul Martins Paiva, Daniele Manfredini
The aim of this study was to determine the association between verbal school bullying and possible sleep bruxism (SB) in adolescents. A case-control study was carried out at the population level by recruiting 13- to 15-year old participants among the attendants of schools of Itabira, Brazil. The case group was composed of 103 adolescents with possible SB (i.e., self- or parental-reported), while the control group included 206 adolescents without possible SB. All participants answered a questionnaire on the occurrence of their involvement in verbal school bullying episodes, based on the National School of Health Research (PeNSE) as well as an evaluation of their economic class according to the criteria of the Brazilian Association of Research Companies...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212606/the-implementation-of-health-promotion-in-primary-and-community-care-a-qualitative-analysis-of-the-prescribe-vida-saludable-strategy
#12
Catalina Martinez, Gonzalo Bacigalupe, Josep M Cortada, Gonzalo Grandes, Alvaro Sanchez, Haizea Pombo, Paola Bully
BACKGROUND: The impact of lifestyle on health is undeniable and effective healthy lifestyle promotion interventions do exist. However, this is not a fundamental part of routine primary care clinical practice. We describe factors that determine changes in performance of primary health care centers involved in piloting the health promotion innovation 'Prescribe Vida Saludable' (PVS) phase II. METHODS: We engaged four primary health care centers of the Basque Healthcare Service in an action research project aimed at changing preventive health practices...
February 17, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212481/-workplace-bullying-during-specialty-training-in-a-pediatric-hospital-in-mexico-a-little-noticed-phenomenon
#13
Ana Carolina Sepúlveda-Vildósola, Alma Rebeca Mota-Nova, Germán Enrique Fajardo-Dolci, L Isabel Reyes-Lagunes
BACKGROUND: Workplace bullying (WB) is a hostile or intimidating behavior that is practiced against workers and has a negative impact on health, job performance, and the learning process. The objective was to research WB magnitude and its associated factors in Mexico. METHODS: Mixed method study. A survey was designed and administered to all the residents in a pediatric hospital in Mexico who agreed to participate. The survey was divided in two sections: a) resident self-reported events of workplace bullying and associated factors, b) situations and factors of abuse were interrogated in a targeted manner...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210353/prevalence-of-horizontal-violence-among-emergency-attending-physicians-residents-and-physician-assistants
#14
Nico B Volz, Ryan Fringer, Bradford Walters, Terry Kowalenko
INTRODUCTION: Horizontal violence (HV) is malicious behavior perpetrated by healthcare workers against each other. These include bullying, verbal or physical threats, purposeful disruptive behavior, and other malicious behaviors. This pilot study investigates the prevalence of HV among emergency department (ED) attending physicians, residents, and mid-level providers (MLPs). METHODS: We sent an electronic survey to emergency medicine attending physicians (n=67), residents (n=25), and MLPs (n=24) in three unique EDs within a single multi-hospital medical system...
February 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202323/cumulative-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-sexual-satisfaction-in-sex-therapy-patients-what-role-for-symptom-complexity
#15
Noémie Bigras, Natacha Godbout, Martine Hébert, Stéphane Sabourin
INTRODUCTION: Patients consulting for sexual difficulties frequently present additional personal or relational disorders and symptoms. This is especially the case when they have experienced cumulative adverse childhood experiences (CACEs), which are associated with symptom complexity. CACEs refer to the extent to which an individual has experienced an accumulation of different types of adverse childhood experiences including sexual, physical, and psychological abuse; neglect; exposure to inter-parental violence; and bullying...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198196/isolating-the-unique-effects-of-the-unified-protocol-treatment-modules-using-single-case-experimental-design
#16
Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Clair Cassiello-Robbins, Laren R Conklin, Jacqueline R Bullis, Johanna Thompson-Hollands, Katherine A Kennedy
The Unified Protocol (UP) for the Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders is a cognitive-behavioral intervention designed to treat the range of anxiety, depressive, and related disorders. Thus far, the UP treatment modules have only been studied when they are delivered in their entirety and presented in a standard sequence. To personalize the presentation of the UP modules for a given patient's presentation (e.g., providing the modules in a varied order, dropping irrelevant modules), it is first necessary to establish that each module leads to change in the skill it is designed to promote, and that these changes can occur in the absence of the other modules...
March 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196752/efficiency-of-prescribe-vida-saludable-a-health-promotion-innovation-pilot-phase
#17
Aitor Sanz-Guinea, Maite Espinosa, Gonzalo Grandes, Alvaro Sanchez, Catalina Martinez, Haizea Pombo, Paola Bully, Josep Cortada
OBJECTIVE: "Prescribe Vida Saludable" (PVS) is an organisational innovation designed to optimise the promotion of multiple healthy habits in primary healthcare. It aims to estimate the cost effectiveness and cost-utility of prescribing physical activity in the pilot phase of the PVS programme, compared to the routine clinical practice of promoting physical activity in primary healthcare. METHODS: An economic evaluation of the quasi-experimental pilot phase of PVS was carried out...
February 10, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196575/workplace-violence-against-nurses-vhembe-district-hospitals-south-africa
#18
Tshifularo Olga Mahani, Henry Abayomi Akinsola, Jabu Mabunda, Helen Tosin Oni
INTRODUCTION: Work-related violence is a common problem worldwide. In South Africa, the Medical Research Council conducted a study on workplace violence in the health care industry and reported that most respondents had experienced it in different forms. PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the types and causes of workplace violence toward nurses in Thulamela hospitals, Vhembe district. METHODS: The study employed a quantitative approach using a cross-sectional design...
February 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196499/workplace-violence-towards-nurses-in-hong-kong-prevalence-and-correlates
#19
Teris Cheung, Paul S F Yip
BACKGROUND: Nurses are especially vulnerable to violent and other forms of aggression in the workplace. Nonetheless, few population-based studies of workplace violence have been undertaken among working-age nurse professionals in Hong Kong in the last decade. METHODS: The study estimates the prevalence and examines the socio-economic and psychological correlates of workplace violence (WPV) among professional nurses in Hong Kong. The study uses a cross-sectional survey design...
February 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194041/initial-development-and-validation-of-the-bullyharm-the-bullying-harassment-and-aggression-receipt-measure
#20
William J Hall
This article describes the development and preliminary validation of the Bullying, Harassment, and Aggression Receipt Measure (BullyHARM). The development of the BullyHARM involved a number of steps and methods, including a literature review, expert review, cognitive testing, readability testing, data collection from a large sample, reliability testing, and confirmatory factor analysis. A sample of 275 middle school students was used to examine the psychometric properties and factor structure of the BullyHARM, which consists of 22 items and 6 subscales: physical bullying, verbal bullying, social/relational bullying, cyber-bullying, property bullying, and sexual bullying...
November 2016: Psychology in the Schools
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