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Whole body scan

Asif Ali Fakhri, Paul David Rodrigue, Amena Fatima Fakhri
Extramedullary plasmacytoma is rare in patients with diagnosed multiple myeloma. Soft tissue plasmacytoma of the gallbladder is particularly uncommon and has been described in only a handful of cases. Diagnosis of gallbladder plasmacytoma with fluorine 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (F18-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has not previously been reported. We present a 65-year-old female with a history of multiple myeloma who underwent a restaging F18-FDG-PET/CT which showed a focal area of hypermetabolic activity, corresponding to a nodular lesion within the posterior gallbladder wall...
2016: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Yunzhu Meng, Wansoo Pak, Berkan Guleyupoglu, Bharath Koya, F Scott Gayzik, Costin D Untaroiu
Child pedestrian protection deserves more attention in vehicle safety design since they are the most vulnerable road users who face the highest mortality rate. Pediatric Finite Element (FE) models could be used to simulate and understand the pedestrian injury mechanisms during crashes in order to mitigate them. Thus, the objective of the study was to develop a computationally efficient (simplified) six-year-old (6YO-PS) pedestrian FE model and validate it based on the latest published pediatric data. The 6YO-PS FE model was developed by morphing the existing GHBMC adult pedestrian model...
October 16, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Kayako Isohashi, Eku Shimosegawa, Sadahiro Naka, Yasukazu Kanai, Genki Horitsugi, Ikuko Mochida, Keiko Matsunaga, Tadashi Watabe, Hiroki Kato, Mitsuaki Tatsumi, Jun Hatazawa
BACKGROUND: In boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT), positron emission tomography (PET) with 4-borono-2-(18)F-fluoro-phenylalanine (FBPA) is the only method to estimate an accumulation of (10)B to target tumor and surrounding normal tissue after administering (10)B carrier of L-paraboronophenylalanine and to search the indication of BNCT for individual patient. Absolute concentration of (10)B in tumor has been estimated by multiplying (10)B concentration in blood during BNCT by tumor to blood radioactivity (T/B) ratio derived from FBPA PET...
December 2016: EJNMMI Research
Cenk Murat Özer, Ibrahim Ilker Öz, Ismail Şerifoğlu, Mustafa Çağatay Büyükuysal, Çağatay Barut
The orbital aperture is the entrance to the orbit in which most important visual structures such as the eyeball and the optic nerve are found. It is vital not only for the visual system but also for the evaluation and recognition of the face. Eyeball volume is essential for diagnosing microphthalmos or buphthalmos in several eye disorders. Knowing the length of the optic nerve is necessary in selecting the right instruments for enucleation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate eyeball volume, orbital aperture, and optic nerve dimensions for a morphological description in a Turkish population sample according to gender and body side...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Jacob T Gibby, Dennis K Njeru, Steve T Cvetko, Eric L Heiny, Andrew R Creer, Wendell A Gibby
OBJECTIVE: We correlate and evaluate the accuracy of accepted anthropometric methods of percent body fat (%BF) quantification, namely, hydrostatic weighing (HW) and air displacement plethysmography (ADP), to 2 automatic adipose tissue quantification methods using computed tomography (CT). METHODS: Twenty volunteer subjects (14 men, 6 women) received head-to-toe CT scans. Hydrostatic weighing and ADP were obtained from 17 and 12 subjects, respectively. The CT data underwent conversion using 2 separate algorithms, namely, the Schneider method and the Beam method, to convert Hounsfield units to their respective tissue densities...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Tapas Das, Ajit Shinto, Koramadai Karuppuswamy Kamaleshwaran, Sharmila Banerjee
Radiochemical studies and biological evaluation in animal models have shown superior radiochemical properties and better clearance pattern for Lu-DOTMP compared with Lu-EDTMP, an agent recently proven to be efficacious and safe for metastatic bone pain palliation. This prompted us to initiate the clinical evaluation of Lu-DOTMP. The images represent the whole-body scans of a prostate cancer patient (man, 67 years) with skeletal metastases recorded after administering 3.7 GBq (100 mCi) of Lu-DOTMP.
October 5, 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Keizo Yamamoto, Makoto Tsubokura, Jun Ikeda, Keiji Onishi, Sophie Baleriola
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of posture of a ski jumper on aerodynamic characteristics during the take-off using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The CFD method adopted for this study was based on Large-Eddy Simulation. Body surface data were obtained by 3-D laser scanning of an active ski jumper. Based on video analysis of the actual take-off movement, two sets of motion data were generated (world-class jumper A and less-experienced jumper B). The inlet flow velocity that corresponds to the in-run velocity in actual ski jumping was set to 23...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
O Kalita, K Cwiertka, D Vrána, M Vaverka, L Tučková, M Megová
BACKGROUND: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor schwannoma (MPNST), also known as malignant schwannoma, is a very rare tumor accounting for only 2% of all sarcomas. The prognosis is relatively poor, with a 5-year survival rate of 46-69%. The treatment of MPNST has not been standardized yet. Mainstay treatment is radical resection. Oncological adjuvant or neoadjuvant treatment has equivocal indications with unclear effects. CASE: The case report presents a 55-year-old patient who showed resistance in the medial-ventral area of the left lower limb...
2016: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
Svetlana Selivanova, Éric Lavallée, Helena Senta, Lyne Caouette, Alexander Jb McEwan, Brigitte Guérin, Roger Lecomte, Eric Turcotte
: A single-site prospective open-label clinical study with cyclotron-produced sodium pertechnetate (99m)Tc ([(99m)Tc]NaTcO4, (99m)Tc-pertechnetate) was performed in patients with indication for a thyroid scan to demonstrate the clinical safety and diagnostic efficacy of the drug and confirm its equivalence with conventional sodium pertechnetate (99m)Tc eluted from a generator. METHODS: Sodium pertechnetate (99m)Tc was produced with a cyclotron (24 MeV, 2 h irradiation) from enriched 100Mo (99...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Krisztián Katona, Eszter Elekes, Nelli Farkas, Mária Kneif, Gábor Sütő, Tamás Tornóczky
BACKGROUND: Fatty infiltration of minor salivary gland parenchyma is relatively frequent, but not extensively examined histopathological phenomenon in biopsy samples. Its extent and relation to several suspected background diseases are not well understood. METHODS: In the present study we examined the presence and extent of fatty infiltration on digitally scanned versions of the periodic acid-Schiff -stained minor salivary gland slides of 275 patients. As a result of the image analysis fatty infiltration was expressed in percent of the whole selected area...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Maria Georgiou, Eleftherios Fysikopoulos, Konstantinos Mikropoulos, Eirini Fragogeorgi, George Loudos
PURPOSE: Several preclinical imaging systems are commercially available, but their purchase and maintenance costs make them unaffordable for the majority of small- and medium-sized groups. Taking into account the needs of average users, we developed "γ-eye", a mouse-sized, benchtop γ-camera suitable for in vivo scintigraphic imaging. PROCEDURES: The γ-eye is based on two position-sensitive photomultiplier tubes, coupled to a CsI(Na) pixelated scintillator and a low-energy lead collimator with parallel hexagonal holes...
October 11, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
B Lakshmi Divya, P Narasimha Rao
SAPHO syndrome (synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis, osteitis), a rare inflammatory disorder, is an association of distinct skin disorders with pustules with osteoarticular inflammation. Its etiology remains unclear, and various treatment regimens frequently fail to control the disease. An 18-year-old male patient presented to the outpatient department with severe nodulocystic acne on the face with pain at both the wrists and lower back associated with high-grade fever and chills. On physical examination, he had severe tenderness at both wrist joints and lower back, along with swelling of right wrist...
September 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Mélanie Gahier Penhoat, Delphine Drui, Catherine Ansquer, Eric Mirallie, Yves Maugars, Pascale Guillot
We report the case of a patient who presented with multiple brown tumors as the inaugural manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism. Tc-99m hexakis methoxyisobutylisonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) scintigraphy demonstrated increased radiotracer uptake by the bone lesions. The patient was a 65-year-old male who sought advice for a swelling on his right shin. An osteolytic lesion was visible on the radiograph. A bone biopsy showed a benign tumor containing abundant osteoclastic cells. Laboratory abnormalities included hypercalcemia (3...
October 7, 2016: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
Lan T Ho-Pham, Thai Q Lai, Uyen D T Nguyen, Quoc V Bui, Tuan V Nguyen
To test the hypothesis that the relationship between fat mass (FM) and bone mineral density (BMD) is mediated by leptin. The study involved 611 individuals aged 20-89 years who were randomly sampled from Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam). BMD at the femoral neck (FN), lumbar spine (LS), and whole body (WB) was measured by DXA. Lean mass and FM were derived from the WB DXA scan. Leptin was measured by ELISA (DRG Diagnostics, Germany). The regression method was used to partition the variance of leptin and FM on BMD...
October 8, 2016: Calcified Tissue International
Ulrike Halsband, Thomas Gerhard Wolf
Visiting the dentist is often accompanied by apprehension or anxiety. People, who suffer from specific dental phobia, a disproportional fear of dental procedures show psychological and physiological symptoms which make dental treatments difficult or impossible. For such purposes, hypnosis is often used in dental practice as an alternative for a number of treatments adjuvant or instead of sedation or general anesthetic, as medication is often associated with risks and side effects. This is the first study to address the effects of a brief dental hypnosis on the fear processing structures of the brain in dental phobics using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Physiology, Paris
Shirou Ishii, Takamitsu Hara, Takeyuki Nanbu, Hiroki Suenaga, Shigeyasu Sugawara, Daichi Kuroiwa, Hirofumi Sekino, Masayuki Miyajima, Hitoshi Kubo, Noboru Oriuchi, Hiroshi Ito
Although PET/MRI has the advantages of a simultaneous acquisition of PET and MRI, high soft-tissue contrast of the MRI images, and reduction of radiation exposure, its low profitability and long acquisition time are significant problems in clinical settings. Thus, MRI protocols that meet oncological purposes need to be used in order to reduce examination time while securing detectability. Currently, half-Fourier acquisition single-shot turbo spin echo and 3D-T1 volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination may be the most commonly used sequences for whole-body imaging due to their shorter acquisition time and higher diagnostic accuracy...
October 6, 2016: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Matteo Barborini, Sandro Sorella, Massimo Rontani, Stefano Corni
Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy probe the local density of states of single molecules electrically insulated from the substrate. The experimental images, although usually interpreted in terms of single-particle molecular orbitals, are associated with quasiparticle wave functions dressed by the whole electron-electron interaction. Here we propose an ab-initio approach based on quantum Monte Carlo to calculate the quasiparticle wave functions of molecules. Through the comparison between Monte Carlo wave functions and their uncorrelated Hartree-Fock counterparts we visualize the electronic correlation embedded in the simulated STM images, high-lighting the many-body features that might be observed...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Valentina Zilioli, Alessia Peli, Maria Beatrice Panarotto, Giancarlo Magri, Ahmed Alkraisheh, Christiane Wiefels, Carlo Rodella, Raffaele Giubbini
The purpose of this prospective study was to determine the incremental diagnostic value of single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography with iodine-131 over planar whole body scan in the staging of patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma. A total of 365 patients (270 female, 95 male) with differentiated thyroid carcinoma were treated with radioiodine therapy for thyroid remnant ablation with radical intent after thyroidectomy between January 2013 and November 2014. In addition to planar whole body scan, single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography of neck and chest were performed...
September 29, 2016: Endocrine
Saleh Saleh Elessawy, Eman Muhammad Abdelsalam, Eman Abdel Razek, Samar Tharwat
BACKGROUND: Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a highly valuable tool for full assessment of the extent of bilateral symmetrical diffuse inflammatory myopathy, owing to its high sensitivity in the detection of edema which correlates with, and sometimes precedes, clinical findings. PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of whole-body (WB)-MRI in characterization and full assessment of the extent and distribution of diffuse inflammatory myopathy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective study on 15 patients presenting with clinical evidence of inflammatory myopathy...
September 2016: Acta Radiologica Open
Sara L Arena, Kelsey McLaughlin, Anh-Dung Nguyen, James M Smoliga, Kevin R Ford
Athletic individuals may differ in body segment inertial parameter (BSIP) estimates due to differences in body composition, and this may influence calculation of joint kinetics. The purposes of this study were to 1) compare BSIPs predicted by the method introduced by de Leva(1) with DXA-derived BSIPs in collegiate female soccer players, and 2) examine the effects of these BSIPs estimation methods on joint moment and power calculations during a drop vertical jump (DVJ). Twenty female NCAA Division 1 soccer players were recruited...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
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