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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331167/the-association-between-psychotic-experiences-and-traumatic-life-events-the-role-of-the-intention-to-harm
#1
Tais Silveira Moriyama, Marjan Drukker, Ary Gadelha, Pedro Mario Pan, Giovanni Abrahão Salum, Gisele Gus Manfro, Jair de Jesus Mari, Eurípedes Constantino Miguel, Luis Augusto Rohde, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Jim van Os, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan
BACKGROUND: Previous work showed traumatic life events (TLE) with intention to harm, like bullying and abuse, to be more strongly associated with psychotic experiences (PE) than other types of trauma, like accidents. However, this association is subject to reporting bias and can be confounded by demographic characteristics and by differences in dose of exposure across different trauma categories. We studied the association between TLE with and without intention to harm and PE, taking into account potential confounders and biases...
January 14, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326819/association-between-bullying-and-pediatric-psychiatric-hospitalizations
#2
Hadassa Leader, Jasmine Singh, Ayesha Ghaffar, Cheryl de Silva
Objectives: Bullying is a serious public health issue. We sought to demonstrate an association between bullying victimization and hospital admissions for acute psychiatric problems. We described the demographics and types of bullying in a sample of hospitalized patients in Staten Island, NY, and compared bullying victimization scores with psychiatric versus medical admissions. Methods: Patients in grades 3-12 were recruited from the Staten Island University Hospital Inpatient Pediatrics unit and emergency department...
2018: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326181/what-are-the-sources-of-stress-and-distress-for-general-practitioners-working-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#3
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Anna Kathryn Taylor, Gail Thornton, Carolyn Anne Chew-Graham
OBJECTIVES: This paper reports the sources of stress and distress experienced by general practitioners (GP) as part of a wider study exploring the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burnout among this medical population. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V.11 to facilitate data management. Data were analysed using a thematic analysis employing the constant comparative method...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325449/analysis-of-dna-methylation-in-young-people-limited-evidence-for-an-association-between-victimization-stress-and-epigenetic-variation-in-blood
#4
Sarah J Marzi, Karen Sugden, Louise Arseneault, Daniel W Belsky, Joe Burrage, David L Corcoran, Andrea Danese, Helen L Fisher, Eilis Hannon, Terrie E Moffitt, Candice L Odgers, Carmine Pariante, Richie Poulton, Benjamin S Williams, Chloe C Y Wong, Jonathan Mill, Avshalom Caspi
OBJECTIVE: DNA methylation has been proposed as an epigenetic mechanism by which early-life experiences become "embedded" in the genome and alter transcriptional processes to compromise health. The authors sought to investigate whether early-life victimization stress is associated with genome-wide DNA methylation. METHOD: The authors tested the hypothesis that victimization is associated with DNA methylation in the Environmental Risk (E-Risk) Longitudinal Study, a nationally representative 1994-1995 birth cohort of 2,232 twins born in England and Wales and assessed at ages 5, 7, 10, 12, and 18 years...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320383/the-mask-of-happiness-unmasking-coercive-control-in-intimate-relationships
#5
Nicole Schneider
While most mental health professionals know how to recognize the obvious and most concerning presentations of possible intimate partner violence, there are numerous ways in which a partner may be controlled, bullied, isolated, exploited, and manipulated that do not present such observable signs. The literature pertaining to domestic abuse has increasingly moved away from injury as a necessary marker and instead has begun to highlight the importance of more covert but similarly deleterious processes within certain intimate relationships...
January 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320334/body-weight-and-bullying-victimization-among-us-adolescents
#6
Claudia Wang, Yin Li, Kaigang Li, Dong-Chul Seo
OBJECTIVE: We examined the association between body weight status at all levels (including underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obesity) and bullying victimization among US ado- lescents using a nationally representative data. METHODS: We used logistic regression to exam- ine the association between bullying victimization and body weight status by sex with the data from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) (N = 11,825), controlling for demographics, selected behavioral confounders, and complex survey design...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313869/negative-social-acts-and-pain-evidence-of-a-workplace-bullying-and-5-htt-genotype-interaction
#7
Daniel Pitz Jacobsen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Ståle Einarsen, Johannes Gjerstad
Objectives Long-term exposure to systematic negative acts at work, usually labeled workplace bullying, is a prevalent problem at many workplaces. The adverse effects of such exposure may range from psychological symptoms, such as depression and anxiety to somatic ailments like cardiovascular disease and musculoskeletal complaints. In this study, we examined the relationships among exposure to negative acts, genetic variability in the 5-HTT gene SLC6A4 and pain. Methods The study was based on a nationally representative survey of 987 Norwegian employees drawn from the Norwegian Central Employee Register by Statistics Norway...
January 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313719/the-longitudinal-association-between-poor-sleep-quality-and-cyberbullying-mediated-by-anger
#8
Sara Erreygers, Heidi Vandebosch, Ivana Vranjes, Elfi Baillien, Hans De Witte
Adolescents tend to go to bed later and sleep less as they grow older, although their need for sleep stays the same throughout adolescence. Poor sleep has negative consequences on personal and interpersonal functioning, including increased aggressive tendencies. With adolescents' social life increasingly including interactions via digital media, these interactions may also become more aggressive when adolescents' sleep problems increase. One of the ways in which online aggression may be enacted is through cyberbullying...
January 9, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304215/the-role-of-hardiness-in-the-bullying-mental-health-relationship
#9
I Reknes, A Harris, S Einarsen
Background: Workplace bullying has consistently been found to predict mental health problems among those affected. However, less attention has been given to personal dispositions as possible moderators in this relationship. Aims: To investigate the moderating role of individual hardiness in the relationship between exposure to bullying behaviours and symptoms of anxiety and depression, respectively, assuming that high hardiness, being an individual stress resilience factor, acts as a buffer in these relationships...
January 3, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304192/optimal-cut-off-points-for-the-short-negative-act-questionnaire-and-their-association-with-depressive-symptoms-and-diagnosis-of-depression
#10
Paul Maurice Conway, Annie Høgh, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Eva Gemzøe Mikkelsen, Roger Persson, Reiner Rugulies, Jens Peter Ellekilde Bonde, Laura Francioli, Åse Marie Hansen
Objectives: The behavioural experience method has been extensively used in the literature for the measurement of potential bullying behaviours at work. However, this approach presents limitations when used to classify respondents as targets or non-targets of workplace bullying. Therefore, the present study aimed to: (i) identify optimal cut-off points, reflecting a possible subjectively experienced exposure to occasional and frequent workplace bullying, for the 9-item Short Negative Act Questionnaire (S-NAQ), and (ii) examine the criterion validity of these cut-off points in relation to depressive symptoms and diagnosis of depression...
January 3, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295016/cyberbullying-among-adolescents-the-influence-of-different-modes-of-inquiry
#11
Sandra Brochado, Sílvia Fraga, Sara Soares, Elisabete Ramos, Henrique Barros
The use of different modes of inquiry about interpersonal violence experiences may result in different frequency estimates. Thus, we measured the frequency and identified the factors associated with cyberbullying among urban school-going adolescents using different tools. Participants were enrolled at the four largest public schools in Porto for seventh- to 12th-grade students and were evaluated during the 2014-2015 academic year. We studied 2,624 adolescents (1,186 males and 1,438 females), 60% of all eligible students...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294981/patterns-of-bullying-behavior-by-sexual-orientation
#12
Jeremy T Goldbach, Henry Fisher Raymond, Claire M Burgess
Bullying has a long-lasting effect on both victims and their perpetrators; however, there is little literature dedicated to understanding the roles of sexual minority adolescents beyond being a victim or the specific types of bullying behaviors (verbal, relational, physical) in which sexual minority adolescents engage. Even less is known about the experiences of mostly heterosexual youth, as distinct from their lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) peers. This exploratory study sought to identify sexual orientation differences in bullying behavior participation using a random cluster sample obtained from a county school district in the Southeastern United States...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294955/race-bullying-and-public-perceptions-of-school-and-university-safety
#13
Walter W Shelley, Justin T Pickett, Christina Mancini, Robyn Diehl McDougle, Grant Rissler, Hayley Cleary
Bullying and school crime are important social problems that are receiving increased attention by scholars and policy makers. However, several critical questions remain unaddressed. First, does the public perceive bullying as a serious problem and judge schools-primary, secondary, and postsecondary-as safe or unsafe? Second, does the public use a "bullying lens" to judge school safety-that is, do citizens understand bullying as a serious threat to students' well-being? Third, are there racial differences in these perceptions? Prior research identifies racial differences in the prevalence of bullying, as well as in students' views of school safety and citizens' fear of crime...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294905/anxiety-and-depression-in-cyberbullied-college-students-a-retrospective-study
#14
Cristina Jenaro, Noelia Flores, Cinthia Patricia Frías
Cyberbullying is a worldwide phenomenon and its effects can be severe. To better understand the personal and situational factors in cyberbullying, we approach it from the perspective of the general aggression model. More specifically, we analyze the medium and long-term impact of past experiences of cyberbullying on university students. We also compare their psychological adjustment with peers who have not been cyberbullied by examining the recall of cyberbullying while attending secondary school of 1,593 university students...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294894/cyberbullying-victimization-as-a-predictor-of-cyberbullying-perpetration-body-image-dissatisfaction-healthy-eating-and-dieting-behaviors-and-life-satisfaction
#15
Leslie Ramos Salazar
Cyberbullying victimization and perpetration continues to be a serious public health, criminal justice, victimology, and educational problem in middle schools in the United States. Adolescents are at a higher risk of experiencing cyberbullying as a victim and/or as a bully given the frequency of their use of the Internet via social networking sites such as Facebook and mobile devices such as cell phones and tablets. To address this important problem, the purpose of this investigation was to examine cyberbullying victimization through communication technology as a predictor of cyberbullying perpetration, body image, healthy eating and dieting behaviors, and life satisfaction of sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade-level middle school students...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294892/factors-associated-with-child-maltreatment-among-children-aged-11-to-17-years-in-community-settings-of-karachi-pakistan-using-belsky-ecological-framework
#16
Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Salima Farooq, Uzma Rahim Khan, Yasmin Parpio, Syed Iqbal Azam, Junaid Razzak, Anjiya Aslam Laljee, Muhammad Masood Kadir
Child maltreatment is considered as a global social issue and results as combined effect of parental background, socioeconomic environment, family structure, and child characteristics. The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with child maltreatment among children aged 11 to 17 years in Karachi, Pakistan. A cross-sectional survey of 800 pairs (children ranging from 11 to 17 years old and their parents) was randomly selected from 32 clusters of Karachi, using multistage cluster sampling. A structured questionnaire was adopted from the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (International Child Abuse Screening Tool for Parent [ICAST-P] and for Child [ICAST-C])...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294852/the-role-of-the-perceptions-of-school-climate-and-teacher-victimization-by-students
#17
Francis L Huang, Colleen Lloyd Eddy, Emily Camp
Violence directed toward teachers in schools is relatively understudied in comparison with other school-based forms of peer aggression (e.g., school bullying). Based on the nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) 2011-2012, approximately 10% of K-12 public school teachers in the United States, received a threat in the past 12 months and 6% reported being physically attacked. The effects of teacher-directed violence are far reaching and affect not just the victimized teacher, but the larger community itself...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294850/personal-bullying-and-nurses-turnover-intentions-in-pakistan-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Omer Farooq Malik, Abdul Sattar, Asif Shahzad, Rafia Faiz
In this study, quantitative and qualitative data are presented to examine the direct and mediated effect of personal bullying on nurses' turnover intentions via job stress. The study also investigates the moderating role of political skill on the association between personal bullying and job stress. The study employed an explanatory sequential mixed methods design. In the first, quantitative phase of the study, data were collected from a sample of 324 registered nurses working in public sector hospitals of Pakistan using a self-administered questionnaire...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294845/cyber-dating-abuse-investigating-digital-monitoring-behaviors-among-adolescents-from-a-social-learning-perspective
#19
Joris Van Ouytsel, Koen Ponnet, Michel Walrave
Just as with other forms of abuse such as bullying, dating violence is no longer limited to physical spaces. Several forms of dating violence can also be perpetrated by means of technology. Few studies have used a theoretical perspective to investigate cyber dating abuse. This study addresses this gap in the literature by focusing on the perpetration of digital monitoring behaviors-a form of cyber dating abuse-from a social learning perspective. We investigate the extent to which perceived social norms about cyber dating abuse, witnessing controlling behaviors among parents, and endorsing gender stereotypes are linked with adolescents' engagement in digital monitoring behaviors...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294825/are-sexual-minorities-more-at-risk-bullying-victimization-among-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-questioning-youth
#20
Lindsay Kahle
Bullying has garnered the attention of researchers and policy makers alike, because of various negative physical, mental, and educational outcomes that stem from these experiences. Certain youth are more at risk for bullying victimization (ASPA, 2012). Thus, research highlighting and addressing these experiences is crucial to provide safer environments for youth. This study utilizes the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) data to investigate whether or not experiences of victimization differ for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and questioning (LGBQ) youth...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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