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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329924/-reduction-and-control-of-school-bullying-is-urgently-needed
#1
Y J Zhao, S Y Wang
School bullying and campus violence is a widespread social problem in the world. School bullying is characterized by its repeatability and suddenness, which could make the victims suffering from both psychological and health damage, and even affect their personality growth. Government should pay close attention to the reduction and control of school bullying and campus violence by establishing school bullying emergency response system and preparedness plan. The school and teacher's role and legal responsibility in the service and management in schools should be cleared and defined...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327416/associations-between-adolescent-experiences-of-violence-in-malawi-and-gender-based-attitudes-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors
#2
Vira Ameli, Franziska Meinck, Alistair Munthali, Boniface Ushie, Lisa Langhaug
Little is known about adolescent exposure to and factors associated with violence in Malawi. The aim of this research was to describe the prevalence of exposure to violence among adolescents in Malawi, and test the hypotheses that such exposures are associated with gender-based violent attitudes, and with internalizing and externalizing problems. In 2014, 561 primary school pupils were interviewed (50% girls), and logistic regression analysis was performed on gender-stratified data, adjusting for sociodemographic differences...
March 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326741/the-impact-of-childhood-adversities-on-anxiety-and-depressive-disorders-in-adulthood
#3
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVES: The childhood adversities model is generally accepted as a predictor of adult psychopathology vulnerability. It stems from child development theories, but the question remains as of how well solid research supports it. The aim of this article is to give a review of the studies concerning childhood adversities and their impact on the development of anxiety disorders and major depressive disorder in adulthood. METHOD: A computerized search of the MEDLINE database of publications up to 31 March 2016 was done, using the keywords "childhood adversities, abuse, maltreatment, bullying" and "anxiety disorders, depressive disorder"...
December 22, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326572/discrepancy-in-perception-of-bullying-experiences-and-later-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-a-prospective-study
#4
Soonjo Hwang, Young Shin Kim, Yun-Joo Koh, Somer Bishop, Bennett L Leventhal
Discrepancy in perception of bullying experiences may lead to later internalizing or externalizing behavior in adolescents. A 1,663 South Korean 7th and 8th graders (mean age: 13.1 and 14.1 years old), were seen for a follow-up study to examine the relationships between the discrepancy in perception of their bullying experiences (defined as discrepancy between self- and peer-reports of bullying experiences) and internalizing or externalizing behavior at follow-up. Bullying was assessed by self- and peer-report...
March 22, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318457/school-related-adjustment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chd
#5
Yu-Mi Im, Sunhee Lee, Tae-Jin Yun, Jae Young Choi
Advancements in medical and surgical treatment have increased the life expectancy of patients with CHD. Many patients with CHD, however, struggle with the medical, psychosocial, and behavioural challenges as they transition from childhood to adulthood. Specifically, the environmental and lifestyle challenges in school are very important factors that affect children and adolescents with CHD. This study aimed to evaluate school-related adjustments depending on school level and disclosure of disease in children and adolescents with CHD...
March 20, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318361/suicidal-ideation-and-associated-factors-among-students-aged-13-15-years-in-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean-member-states-2007-2013
#6
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess suicidal ideation and associated factors in school-going adolescents in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states. METHODS: The analysis included 30,284 school children aged 13-15 years from seven ASEAN countries that participated in the cross-sectional global school-based student health survey (GSHS) between 2007 and 2013. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of suicidal ideation in the past 12 months across seven ASEAN countries was 12...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318341/caregivers-advice-and-children-s-bystander-behaviors-during-bullying-incidents
#7
Stevie N Grassetti, Julie A Hubbard, Marissa A Smith, Megan K Bookhout, Lauren E Swift, Michael J Gawrysiak
Many bullying prevention programs take a bystander approach, which encourages children to intervene when they are bystanders to bullying incidents. Little is known about how caregivers' advice to children might promote or undermine the positive bystander behaviors targeted by these programs. Accordingly, the aim of the current study was to investigate relations between caregivers' advice and children's bystander behavior during bullying situations. Participants were 106 racially/ethnically diverse 4th- and 5th-grade students (M age = 10...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317120/the-efficacy-of-teachers-responses-to-incidents-of-bullying-and-victimization-the-mediational-role-of-moral-disengagement-for-bullying
#8
Kristel Campaert, Annalaura Nocentini, Ersilia Menesini
Teachers respond differently to bullying and victimization. Socio-cognitive and moral domain theory suggest that students process teachers' behavior cognitively and that teachers' responses to incidents of bullying and victimization could affect students' level of moral disengagement. We examined the mediating effect of students' moral disengagement between types of teachers' responses to situations of bullying and victimization and individual bullying using multilevel mediation modelling. Participants were 609 students (50% boys, age M = 11...
March 20, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315590/adolescents-explicit-and-implicit-evaluations-of-hypothetical-and-actual-peers-with-different-bullying-participant-roles
#9
J Loes Pouwels, Tessa A M Lansu, Antonius H N Cillessen
This study examined how adolescents evaluate bullying at three levels of specificity: (a) the general concept of bullying, (b) hypothetical peers in different bullying participant roles, and (c) actual peers in different bullying participant roles. Participants were 163 predominantly ethnic majority adolescents in The Netherlands (58% girls; Mage=16.34years, SD=0.79). For the hypothetical peers, we examined adolescents' explicit evaluations as well as their implicit evaluations. Adolescents evaluated the general concept of bullying negatively...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314457/transitional-age-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-questioning-youth-issues-of-diversity-integrated-identities-and-mental-health
#10
REVIEW
Scott M Rodgers
Although most LGBTQ youth become healthy young adults, they often face considerable stress over the course of their lives because of bullying, victimization, and overt/covert discrimination. Families, educational and religious institutions, health care professionals, and communities help shape the experience of LGBTQ transitional age youth. LGBTQ youth have higher rates of depression, suicide, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol and drug use, and preventable sexually transmitted diseases. When best practice guidelines are followed and key stakeholders take action to support LGBTQ youth, health disparities begin to disappear...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314148/brief-report-relations-between-harsh-discipline-from-teachers-perceived-teacher-support-and-bullying-victimization-among-high-school-students
#11
Lorelie Ann Banzon-Librojo, Melissa R Garabiles, Liane Peña Alampay
This study examined how the experience of harsh discipline from teachers is related to students' experience of bullying victimization in a Philippine high school. Respondents were 401 first- to fourth-year high school students of an urban public school in the Philippines. Using structural equation modeling, a hypothesized model with direct associations between harsh discipline and bullying victimization, and an indirect path via students' perception of teacher support, was tested. The data adequately fit the model and showed that experiences of harsh teacher discipline predicted higher bullying victimization and students' negative perception of teacher support...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302992/subjective-experiences-of-a-yogo-teacher-with-reference-to-health-support-activities-carried-out-in-the-first-year-after-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-a-case-study-based-on-a-narrative-approach
#12
Chiharu Aoyagi, Shiomi Kanaizumi, Kumiko Shikama, Keiko Sakou
Objectives To offer an empirical lens-based on the account of a yogo teacher employed at a temporary school in the community where she was relocated after experiencing the Great East Japan Earthquake alongside her students-into the subjective experience of health support activities carried out during the year immediately following the disaster.Method An interview was conducted with one yogo teacher who experienced the Great East Japan Earthquake, employed at a public junior high school in the region to where she was evacuated...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302927/workplace-incivility-in-japan-reliability-and-validity-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-modified-work-incivility-scale
#13
Kanami Tsuno, Norito Kawakami, Akihito Shimazu, Kyoko Shimada, Akiomi Inoue, Michael P Leiter
OBJECTIVES: Although incivility is a common interpersonal mistreatment and associated with poor mental health, there are few studies about it in Asian countries. The aim of this study was to develop the Japanese version of the modified Work Incivility Scale (J-MWIS), investigate its reliability and validity, and reveal the prevalence of incivility among Japanese employees in comparison with data on Canadian employees. METHODS: A total of 2,191 Japanese and 1,071 Canadian employees were surveyed, using either the J-MWIS or MWIS...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299390/trends-in-bullying-victimization-in-scottish-adolescents-1994-2014-changing-associations-with-mental-well-being
#14
Alina Cosma, Ross Whitehead, Fergus Neville, Dorothy Currie, Jo Inchley
OBJECTIVES: Bullying victimization among schoolchildren is a major public health concern. This paper aims to analyse the changing associations over two decades between bullying victimization and mental well-being in a representative Scottish schoolchildren sample. METHODS: Data were collected in six rounds of the cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study in Scotland, with 42,312 adolescents (aged 11, 13 and 15 years). Logistic and linear regressions were used to examine changes in the association between bullying victimization and mental well-being...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294005/childhood-continence
#15
Erin Dean
Essential facts An estimated one in 12 (900,000) children aged 5-19 in the UK experience bowel and bladder conditions. The impact of continence conditions can be profound on a child's or teenager's life and can continue into adulthood. Those affected can have a lower quality of life than their peers, miss out on education and social activities, and are more likely to be bullied. Most bowel and bladder problems are avoidable and treatable, yet it's estimated that only 11% of those affected ask for help.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290645/preventive-health-care-for-women-who-have-sex-with-women
#16
Daniel A Knight, Diane Jarrett
Despite recent shifts in societal attitudes toward same-sex relationships, women who have sex with women face a variety of barriers to optimal health, including a history of negatively perceived interactions in clinical settings that lead them to delay or avoid health care. Women who have sex with women may be at disproportionate risk of obesity, tobacco use, substance use, mental health issues, intimate partner violence, sexually transmitted infections, and some cancers. Disparities can exist throughout the lifetime...
March 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290218/the-association-between-adolescent-risk-behaviours-and-feelings-of-sadness-or-hopelessness-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-south-african-secondary-school-learners
#17
Shamagonam James, Sasiragha Priscilla Reddy, Afzal Ellahebokus, Ronel Sewpaul, Pamela Naidoo
Poor mental health in adolescents has shown associations with engagement in other risk behaviours. However, evidence of this association in Sub-Saharan Africa, particularly South Africa, is lacking. This study examines the associations between pertinent risk behaviours and feelings of sadness or hopelessness amongst a nationally representative sample of South African school going adolescents. Data was analysed from the South African Youth Risk Behaviour Survey 2011 (n=10,997), a cross-sectional national survey among grades 8-11 school learners...
March 14, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288554/the-associations-between-substance-use-sexual-behaviors-bullying-deviant-behaviors-health-and-cyber-dating-abuse-perpetration
#18
Joris Van Ouytsel, Elizabeth Torres, Hye Jeong Choi, Koen Ponnet, Michel Walrave, Jeff R Temple
Dating violence is an important public health concern and is considered to be a form of school violence. While digital technologies have enabled perpetrators of dating violence to target their victims online (cyber dating abuse), little is known about how this form of perpetration relates to specific adolescent risk behaviors. This brief research report focuses on the associations between substance use, sexual behaviors, deviant behaviors, self-reported health, and cyber dating abuse perpetration. Participants included 705 ethnically diverse adolescents ( n = 408; 57...
April 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288371/gender-and-other-risk-factors-associated-with-risky-behaviours-among-nigerian-adolescents
#19
Oluyemi O Akanni, Olaide N Koleoso, Anthony A Olashore, Ehigiator O Adayonfo, Adeagbo F Osundina, Olaniyi O Ayilara
Risky behaviours in adolescents, apart from substance use, and their associate factors, have not been thoroughly investigated in Nigeria. Hence, there is a need to study the prevalence of risky behaviours and their relationship with gender and other potential risk factors. Data comprising socio-demographic, risky behaviours, personality traits, religious orientation and substance use were obtained from 300 randomly selected secondary school students. Two risk groups (low and high) based on the number of risky behaviours were determined...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287779/peer-victimization-and-substance-use-among-african-american-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-on-chicago-s-southside
#20
Jun Sung Hong, Dexter R Voisin, Sujung Cho, Douglas C Smith, Stella M Resko
Urban African-American youth residing in poorly resourced communities are at a heightened risk of peer victimization, which consequently increases their likelihood of risky behaviors such as substance use. The present study examined whether there was a direct relationship between peer victimization and substance use and whether it was mediated by negative peer norms, internalizing problems, and bullying perpetration. African-American youth (n = 638) completed a self-administered questionnaire on age, biological sex, socioeconomic status, lifetime substance use, peer victimization and bullying perpetration, negative peer norms, and internalizing problems...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
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