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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915867/the-associations-between-workplace-bullying-salivary-cortisol-and-long-term-sickness-absence-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Theis Lange, Paul Maurice Conway, Jens Peter Bonde, Anne Helene Garde, Maria Gullander, Linda Kaerlev, Roger Persson, Reiner Rugulies, Marianne Agergaard Vammen, Annie Høgh, Åse Marie Hansen
BACKGROUND: Workplace stressors, such as bullying, are strongly related to subsequent long-term sickness absence, but little is known of the possible physiological mechanisms linking workplace stressors and sickness absence. The primary aim of this study was to investigate to what extent cortisol levels were associated with subsequent sickness absence and if cortisol mediated the association between workplace bullying and sickness absence. We additionally investigated possible bidirectional associations between bullying, cortisol, and long-term sickness absence...
September 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913834/which-children-and-young-people-are-excluded-from-school-findings-from-a-large-british-birth-cohort-study-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac
#2
A Paget, C Parker, J Heron, S Logan, W Henley, A Emond, T Ford
BACKGROUND: Exclusion from school is increasingly recognized as pertinent to child health. National educational data reveal that boys, children who are looked-after, living in poverty, have special educational needs, or from certain ethnic minorities, are disproportionately excluded from school. As population-based data on the wider characteristics of excluded children are scarce, we aimed to describe predictors of school exclusion in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
September 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910470/a-comparison-of-ventilation-rates-between-a-standard-bag-valve-mask-and-a-new-design-in-a-prehospital-setting-during-training-simulations
#3
Joseph T Costello, Paul B Allen, Robert Levesque
BACKGROUND: Excessive ventilation of sick and injured patients is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Combat Medical Systems® (CMS) is developing a new bag-valve-mask (BVM) designed to limit ventilation rates. The purpose of this study was to compare ventilation rates between a standard BVM device and the CMS device. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational, semirandomized, crossover study using Army Medics. Data were collected during Brigade Combat Team Trauma Training classes at Camp Bullis, Texas...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910176/alcohol-use-and-psychosocial-stressors-in-the-norwegian-workforce
#4
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Johannes Gjerstad, Michael R Frone
BACKGROUND: Although alcohol use can have detrimental effects for employees, little is known about the prevalence, distribution, and correlates in the Norwegian workforce. AIMS: To determine the overall and the work-related prevalence of weekly alcohol use, and to establish associations between psychosocial work stressors and alcohol use among Norwegian employees. METHODS: Data were from a 2015 national probability sample of 1,608 Norwegian employees (response rate 32%)...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905677/ethical-tensions-a-qualitative-systematic-review-of-new-graduate-perceptions
#5
Tori Hazelwood, Carolyn M Murray, Amy Baker, Mandy Stanley
BACKGROUND: New graduate transition into the workforce is challenging and can involve managing ethical tensions. Ethical tensions cause new graduates to doubt their capabilities due to their lack of experience. To support new graduates, we need to know what these ethical tensions are. OBJECTIVES: To explore the ethical tensions perceived to occur in practice for new graduate health professionals. RESEARCH DESIGN: This qualitative systematic review involved a search of five databases (Medline, EMBASE, AMED, CINAHL and Scopus) which resulted in the retrieval of 3554 papers...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905111/maternal-depressive-symptoms-in-childhood-and-risky-behaviours-in-early-adolescence
#6
Eirini Flouri, Sofia Ioakeimidi
Longitudinal patterns of maternal depressive symptoms have yet to be linked to risky behaviours, such as substance use or violence, in early adolescence, when such behaviours may be particularly detrimental. This study was carried out to do this. Using data from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, it modelled the effect of trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms at child ages 3, 5, 7 and 11 years on antisocial behaviour and delinquency at age 11 years (N = 12,494). It also explored their role in predicting moral judgement and attitudes to alcohol at age 11, important predictors of delinquent or antisocial behaviour and alcohol use, respectively...
September 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902057/bullying-students-impacts-future-nurses
#7
Pamela R Cangelosi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898705/relationships-of-bullying-involvement-with-intelligence-attention-and-executive-function-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
Tai-Ling Liu, Nai-Wen Guo, Ray C Hsiao, Huei-Fan Hu, Cheng-Fang Yen
This study investigated the relationship of bullying victimization and perpetration with the levels of intelligence, attention, and executive function in children who had received a diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The experiences of bullying involvement in 105 children with ADHD were assessed using the Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire. Their scores for four intelligence indexes on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children 4th Edition-Chinese version were determined...
September 8, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893886/doctors-dissect-medicine-s-bullying-problem
#9
Lauren Vogel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891219/the-health-and-well-being-of-children-and-young-people-who-are-looked-after-findings-from-a-face-to-face-survey-in-glasgow
#10
Sharon Vincent, Michael Jopling
Evidence suggests children and young people who are looked after (LACYP) may have poorer health outcomes than children and young people in the general population, particularly in relation to mental health. This paper discusses findings from a survey of the health and well-being of LACYP in Glasgow. A structured questionnaire used in the 2010 Glasgow Schools Survey (GSS) was adapted and administered in face-to-face interviews with 130 young people aged 11-18 in 2014-2015 to investigate various aspects of health and well-being including physical activity, diet and sleep, smoking, alcohol and drugs, health feelings and worries, behaviours, attitudes and expectations...
September 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890740/public-attitudes-towards-moral-enhancement-evidence-that-means-matter-morally
#11
Jona Specker, Maartje H N Schermer, Peter B Reiner
To gain insight into the reasons that the public may have for endorsing or eschewing pharmacological moral enhancement for themselves or for others, we used empirical tools to explore public attitudes towards these issues. Participants (N = 293) from the United States were recruited via Amazon's Mechanical Turk and were randomly assigned to read one of several contrastive vignettes in which a 13-year-old child is described as bullying another student in school and then is offered an empathy-enhancing program...
2017: Neuroethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889097/healthcare-professionals-should-be-mindful-that-victims-and-victim-bullies-may-have-additional-health-needs-associated-with-risk-taking-behaviour
#12
Yvonne Wilkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2017: Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888501/the-effectiveness-of-assertiveness-training-for-school-aged-children-on-bullying-and-assertiveness-level
#13
Fatma Avşar, Sultan Ayaz Alkaya
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of an assertive training for school-aged children on peer bullying and assertiveness. DESIGN AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental design using pre- and post-testing was conducted. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, an assertiveness scale, and the peer victimization scale. The training program was comprised of eight sessions which were implemented to intervention group. RESULTS: Descriptive characteristics were not statistically different between the groups (p>0...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888357/bullying-victimization-and-perpetration-in-a-community-sample-of-youth-with-psychotic-like-experiences
#14
Gregory P Strauss, Ian M Raugh, Vijay A Mittal, Brandon E Gibb, Meredith E Coles
Prior studies indicate an association between psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) and bullying victimization; however, the most frequent types of bullying victimization and the association with bullying perpetration are unclear. A community sample of 1563 adolescents completed questionnaires examining PLEs and frequency of bullying victimization and perpetration. Compared to adolescents scoring below the psychosis-risk cut-off (n=1294), those with PLEs (who are putatively at-risk) (n=269) were more likely to report being the victims of overt, relational, and reputational bullying and to have perpetrated bullying against others...
September 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879186/bullying-and-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-alopecia-areata
#15
Theresa Christensen, Jessica S Yang, Leslie Castelo-Soccio
Alopecia areata (AA) is a clinically heterogeneous disease that is characterized by nonscarring hair loss, nail changes, and increased risk of other autoimmune disease. During clinical visits, children with AA often report bullying. We report survey results that highlight the prevalence of bullying and surrounding emotional impact of AA in pediatric patients. We found that bullying was common overall and additional psychological impact, including impairment of social and home life, was even more common. Children of all ages experienced bullying...
August 2017: Skin Appendage Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876682/does-gender-impact-on-female-doctors-experiences-in-the-training-and-practice-of-surgery
#16
F Umoetok, J van Wyk, T E Madiba
BACKGROUND: Surgery has been a male-dominated speciality both in South Africa and abroad. METHOD: This mixed methodology case study collected data from a purposive sample of female surgical registrars enrolled at one institution in South Africa. A self-administered questionnaire was used to explore whether or not female doctors perceived any benefits of being in a male-dominated specialty. It explored problems encountered due to gender, the participants' perceptions of the influence of gender on their surgical training, practice and challenges...
June 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876559/does-gender-impact-on-female-doctors-experiences-in-the-training-and-practice-of-surgery-a-single-centre-study
#17
F Umoetok, J M Van Wyk, T E Madiba
BACKGROUND: Surgery has been identified as a male-dominated specialty in South Africa and abroad. This study explored how female registrars perceived the impact of gender on their training and practice of surgery. METHOD: A self-administered questionnaire was used to explore whether females perceived any benefits to training in a male-dominated specialty, their choice of mentors and the challenges that they encountered during surgical training. RESULTS: Thirty-two female registrars participated in the study...
September 2017: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876480/types-and-nature-of-parental-support-for-overweight-students-to-cope-with-weight-related-teasing
#18
Qi Zhao, Weidong Li, Paul B Rukavina
BACKGROUND: Parental support can protect adolescents from various forms of bullying. There is a lack of in-depth information about what social support parents provide to overweight adolescents when they are teased at school. In this study, we took an initial step to address this gap in the literature by describing the types and nature of support that parents provided to their overweight child when they were teased. METHODS: A conversational style semistructured interview/prompts and probes were conducted with 28 volunteering parents...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876474/bullying-and-hiv-risk-among-high-school-teenagers-the-mediating-role-of-teen-dating-violence
#19
Moses Okumu, Cecilia Mengo, Bernadette Ombayo, Eusebius Small
BACKGROUND: Teen dating violence (TDV), bullying, and HIV risk behaviors are public health concerns that impact adolescents in the United States. National estimates reveal high rates of these risk behaviors among high school students. Based on theoretical and empirical evidence, we hypothesized that experiencing teen dating violence (sexual and physical) would mediate the impact of bullying on HIV risk. METHODS: Data were from the 2013 National Youth Behavior Risk Surveillance Survey (YRBSS) among students who answered questions on bullying, TDV, and HIV risk (N = 13,571)...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869880/psychometric-properties-of-the-adverse-childhood-experiences-abuse-short-form-ace-asf-among-romanian-high-school-students
#20
Franziska Meinck, Alina Paula Cosma, Christopher Mikton, Adriana Baban
Child abuse is a major public health problem. In order to establish the prevalence of abuse exposure among children, measures need to be age-appropriate, sensitive, reliable and valid. This study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Adverse Childhood Experiences Questionnaire Abuse Short Form (ACE-ASF). The ACE-ASF is an 8-item, retrospective self-report questionnaire measuring lifetime physical, emotional and sexual abuse. Data from a nationally representative sample of 15-year-old, school-going adolescents (n=1733, 55...
September 1, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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