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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087231/psychosocial-outcome-in-adult-men-born-with-hypospadias
#1
L Örtqvist, M Andersson, A Strandqvist, A Nordenström, L Frisén, G Holmdahl, A Nordenskjöld
INTRODUCTION: Hypospadias, which is a surgically treated congenital malformation of the male urethra, may have a negative impact on quality of life. This aspect has previously been subject to limited research. This study examined the long-term psychosocial outcome of a large cohort of adult males born with hypospadias. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case-control study was to assess a possible negative influence on the psychosocial outcome in adult males with hypospadias...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081521/peer-victimization-in-adolescence-the-nature-progression-and-consequences-of-being-bullied-within-a-developmental-context
#2
Wendy Troop-Gordon
Since Dan Olweus's seminal work on bullying in the 1970's (Olweus, 1978), there has been a concerted effort by investigators to identify the confluence of factors that contribute to peer victimization and its role in psychosocial development. Although the cause and consequences of peer victimization may include underlying, age-invariant processes, the manifestation of these factors is, in part, driven by the developmental stage being studied. Thus, a comprehensive understanding of peer victimization requires an explicit developmental perspective...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077216/current-definitions-of-transdiagnostic-in-treatment-development-a-search-for-consensus
#3
REVIEW
Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Cassidy A Gutner, Todd J Farchione, Hannah T Boettcher, Jacqueline R Bullis, David H Barlow
Research in psychopathology has identified psychological processes that are relevant across a range of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) mental disorders, and these efforts have begun to produce treatment principles and protocols that can be applied transdiagnostically. However, review of recent work suggests that there has been great variability in conceptions of the term "transdiagnostic" in the treatment development literature. We believe that there is value in arriving at a common understanding of the term "transdiagnostic...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076925/the-association-between-electronic-bullying-and-school-absenteeism-among-high-school-students-in-the-united-states
#4
Erin Grinshteyn, Y T Yang
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between exposure to electronic bullying and absenteeism as a result of being afraid. METHODS: This multivariate, multinomial regression analysis of the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data assessed the association between experiencing electronic bullying in the past year and how often students were absent in the last month due to feeling unsafe at/in transit to school. The model controlled for other predictors of school absence including demographics, physical/behavioral health, and risk factors...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076584/impact-of-bullying-victimization-on-suicide-and-negative-health-behaviors-among-adolescents-in-latin-america
#5
Matthew L Romo, Elizabeth A Kelvin
Objective: To compare the prevalence of bullying victimization, suicidal ideation, suicidal attempts, and negative health behaviors (current tobacco use, recent heavy alcohol use, truancy, involvement in physical fighting, and unprotected sexual intercourse) in five different Latin American countries and determine the association of bullying victimization with these outcomes, exploring both bullying type and frequency. Methods: Study data were from Global School-based Student Health Surveys from Bolivia, Costa Rica, Honduras, Peru, and Uruguay, which covered nationally representative samples of school-going adolescents...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074555/pediatric-stress-from-neuroendocrinology-to-contemporary-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Stavroula Stavrou, Nicolas C Nicolaides, Elena Critselis, Christina Darviri, Evangelia Charmandari, George P Chrousos
BACKGROUND: Stress is defined as a state of threatened or perceived as threatened homeostasis. A broad spectrum of extrinsic or intrinsic, real or perceived stressful stimuli, called "stressors", activates a highly conserved system, the "stress system", which adjusts homeostasis through central and peripheral neuroendocrine responses. Inadequate, excessive or prolonged adaptive responses to stress may underlie the pathogenesis of several disease states prevalent in modern societies. The development and severity of these conditions primarily depend on the genetic vulnerability of the individual, the exposure to adverse environmental factors and the timing of the stressful event(s), given that prenatal life, infancy, childhood and adolescence are critical periods characterized by increased vulnerability to stressors...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072938/welfare-of-anaesthesia-trainees-survey
#7
G B Downey, J M McDonald, R G Downey
This study was designed to investigate levels of stress, anxiety or depression and to identify factors compounding or relieving stress in anaesthesia trainees within the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) training scheme. An electronic survey was sent to 999 randomly selected trainees and 428 responses were received. In addition to demographics, psychological wellbeing was assessed using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and questions were asked about depression and anxiety, exacerbating factors, personal healthcare and strategies used to manage stress...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068130/victimization-and-depressive-symptomology-in-transgender-adults-the-mediating-role-of-avoidant-coping
#8
Jaclyn M White Hughto, John E Pachankis, Tiara C Willie, Sari L Reisner
Victimization and depressive distress symptoms represent serious and interconnected public health problems facing transgender communities. Avoidant coping is hypothesized to temporarily alleviate the stress of victimization, but has potential long-term mental and behavioral health costs, such as increasing the probability of depressive symptoms. A community sample of 412 transgender adults (M age = 32.7, SD = 12.8) completed a one-time survey capturing multiple forms of victimization (i.e., everyday discrimination, bullying, physical assault by family, verbal harassment by family, childhood sexual abuse, intimate partner violence), avoidant coping, and past-week depressive symptomology...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067901/targeting-samhd1-with-the-vpx-protein-to-improve-cytarabine-therapy-for-hematological-malignancies
#9
Nikolas Herold, Sean G Rudd, Linda Ljungblad, Kumar Sanjiv, Ida Hed Myrberg, Cynthia B J Paulin, Yaser Heshmati, Anna Hagenkort, Juliane Kutzner, Brent D G Page, José M Calderón-Montaño, Olga Loseva, Ann-Sofie Jemth, Lorenzo Bulli, Hanna Axelsson, Bianca Tesi, Nicholas C K Valerie, Andreas Höglund, Julia Bladh, Elisée Wiita, Mikael Sundin, Michael Uhlin, Georgios Rassidakis, Mats Heyman, Katja Pokrovskaja Tamm, Ulrika Warpman-Berglund, Julian Walfridsson, Sören Lehmann, Dan Grandér, Thomas Lundbäck, Per Kogner, Jan-Inge Henter, Thomas Helleday, Torsten Schaller
The cytostatic deoxycytidine analog cytarabine (ara-C) is the most active agent available against acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). Together with anthracyclines, ara-C forms the backbone of AML treatment for children and adults. In AML, both the cytotoxicity of ara-C in vitro and the clinical response to ara-C therapy are correlated with the ability of AML blasts to accumulate the active metabolite ara-C triphosphate (ara-CTP), which causes DNA damage through perturbation of DNA synthesis. Differences in expression levels of known transporters or metabolic enzymes relevant to ara-C only partially account for patient-specific differential ara-CTP accumulation in AML blasts and response to ara-C treatment...
January 9, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064513/temporal-patterns-and-predictors-of-bullying-roles-among-adolescents-in-vietnam-a-school-based-cohort-study
#10
Ha Thi Hai Le, Michael P Dunne, Marilyn A Campbell, Michelle L Gatton, Huong Thanh Nguyen, Nam T Tran
Although many cross-sectional studies have examined bullying experiences and correlated factors among adolescents in schools, relatively little is known about the extent to which bullying roles are stable or fluid over time. This short-term quantitative longitudinal study in Vietnam examined temporal patterns and predictors of bullying roles over an academic year. A total of 1424 middle and high school students aged 12-17 years completed two anonymous, self-administered questionnaires six months apart in 2014 and 2015...
January 9, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061740/prevalence-and-determinants-of-bullying-among-health-care-workers-in-portugal
#11
Pedro Norton, Viviana Costa, Joel Teixeira, Ana Azevedo, António Roma-Torres, Joana Amaro, Liliana Cunha
Bullying is defined as systematic exposure to humiliation as well as hostile and violent behaviors against one or more individuals. These behaviors are a serious, growing problem, which affects a significant proportion of health care professionals. To support the hospital's risk management policy, a cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of bullying in this institution and identify the determinants of bullying. Bullying was measured using the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised, Portuguese version (NAQ-R), a self-administered tool...
January 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057313/workplace-violence-and-job-outcomes-of-newly-licensed-nurses
#12
Hyoung Eun Chang, Sung-Hyun Cho
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of workplace violence toward newly licensed nurses and the relationship between workplace violence and job outcomes. METHODS: An online survey was conducted of newly licensed registered nurses who had obtained their license in 2012 or 2013 in South Korea and had been working for 5-12 months after first being employed. The sample consisted of 312 nurses working in hospitals or clinics. The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II was used to measure violence and nurse job outcomes...
December 2016: Asian Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056616/adolescents-transitioning-to-high-school
#13
Susan G Williams, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Cory Wornell, Heather Finnegan
Adolescents transitioning to high school may be at greater risk of depression and suicide if they are victims of bullying behavior. This study explored sex differences in bullying victimization (physical, verbal/social, and cyberbullying) and the impact on depressive symptoms and suicidal behaviors in ninth-grade students ( N = 233). Females reported significantly more verbal/social and cyberbullying than male students. There were no significant sex differences in physical bullying; male students who reported physical bullying victimization were more likely to experience depressive symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051877/improving-children-s-mental-health-with-a-digital-social-skills-development-game-a-randomized-controlled-efficacy-trial-of-adventures-aboard-the-s-s-grin
#14
Rebecca Sanchez, Emily Brown, Kelly Kocher, Melissa DeRosier
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a computer-based game to improve social skills and mental health in children with social skills deficits would be efficacious. The program, Adventures aboard the S.S. GRIN, translates a proven in-person intervention into a nine-episode interactive online adventure game that provides opportunity for knowledge acquisition and skill practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (children aged 7-11 years with social skills challenges) were randomly assigned to immediate treatment group (n = 33) or waitlist control group (n = 36)...
January 4, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049365/mental-health-issues-related-to-sexual-orientation-in-a-high-school-setting
#15
Susan G Williams
High school students are maturing physically, psychosocially, and sexually. Some may be unsure of their sexual orientation. The purpose of the study was to determine whether students who self-identified as homosexual-lesbian/gay, bisexual (LGB), and unsure of sexual orientation had more stressful life events (SLEs), perceived stress, bullying victimization, and depressive symptoms as compared to heterosexual peers. Cortisol was examined to determine whether levels were within normal range for age and followed a normal diurnal rhythm...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042585/the-protective-role-of-gay-straight-alliances-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-questioning-students-a-prospective-analysis
#16
Salvatore Ioverno, Alexander B Belser, Roberto Baiocco, Arnold H Grossman, Stephen T Russell
Prior studies show a strong association between gay-straight alliances (GSAs) and the well-being and safety of sexual minority students at school. However, nearly all existing literature has relied on cross-sectional data. Using data from the first two panels of a multi-site longitudinal study on risk and protective factors for suicide among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and questioning (LGBQ) youth in three U.S. cities, we examined the influence of presence of and participation in a GSA on perceptions of safety at school, homophobic bullying experiences, and psychosocial adjustment (depression and self-esteem) in 327 LGBQ students across two school years...
December 2016: Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042195/improving-the-school-context-of-early-adolescence-through-teacher-attunement-to-victimization-effects-on-school-belonging
#17
Kate E Norwalk, Jill V Hamm, Thomas W Farmer, Kathryn Barnes
The present study examined the effects of teacher attunement to victimization on student perceptions of the bullying culture of their schools as a means of fostering a sense of belonging among early adolescents. Participants (n = 1,264) in sixth grade reported on the frequency that they had been bullied, and teachers were asked to report students who were "picked on." Teacher attunement represented the correspondence between self-identified and teacher-identified victims. Attunement at the beginning of the school year was related to positive changes in student reports that their peers would intervene in bullying; in turn, sense of belonging was greater when students perceived that their peers would intervene in bullying...
October 2016: Journal of Early Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039515/genome-wide-association-mapping-for-seedling-and-field-resistance-to-puccinia-striiformis-f-sp-tritici-in-elite-durum-wheat
#18
Weizhen Liu, Marco Maccaferri, Peter Bulli, Sheri Rynearson, Roberto Tuberosa, Xianming Chen, Michael Pumphrey
Genome-wide association analysis in tetraploid wheat revealed novel and diverse loci for seedling and field resistance to stripe rust in elite spring durum wheat accessions from worldwide. Improving resistance to stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici, is a major objective for wheat breeding. To identify effective stripe rust resistance loci, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was conducted using 232 elite durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum) lines from worldwide breeding programs...
December 30, 2016: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031583/suicide-and-suicidal-behavior-among-transgender-persons
#19
REVIEW
H G Virupaksha, Daliboyina Muralidhar, Jayashree Ramakrishna
BACKGROUND: Suicide rate and suicidal tendencies among transgender persons are considerably high compared to general population. Hence, this review is an attempt to understand the issues around the suicide and suicidal behavior among transgender persons. METHODOLOGY: The literature search conducted using three sources, i.e., electronic databases (PubMed, ProQuest, Google Scholar, PsycInfo), manual search (library catalog), and gray literature (consultation with experts)...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030606/body-condition-peaks-at-intermediate-parasite-loads-in-the-common-bully-gobiomorphus-cotidianus
#20
Alberto Maceda-Veiga, Andy J Green, Robert Poulin, Clément Lagrue
Most ecologists and conservationists perceive parasitic infections as deleterious for the hosts. Their effects, however, depend on many factors including host body condition, parasite load and the life cycle of the parasite. More research into how multiple parasite taxa affect host body condition is required and will help us to better understand host-parasite coevolution. We used body condition indices, based on mass-length relationships, to test the effects that abundances and biomasses of six parasite taxa (five trematodes, Apatemon sp...
2016: PloS One
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