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ros and urolithiasis

Junchuan Yu, Yaoliang Deng, Zhiwei Tao, Weixia Liang, Xiaofeng Guan, Jihua Wu, Xin Ning, Yunlong Liu, Quan Liu, Ziqi He
This study developed an in vitro system by co-culturing HK-2 cells with different concentration of hydroxyapatite (HAP) and/or macrophage cells to simulate the internal environment of urolithiasis as far as possible, investigating the regulatory effects of macrophage cells on HAP-induced expression of relative inflammatory factors of HK-2 cells. The control group (H group) was only comprised of HK-2 cells. Experimental groups included co-culturing HK-2 cells and macrophage cells (H + M group), co-culturing HK-2 cells and HAP (H + A group), co-culturing macrophage cells and HAP (M + A group), and co-culturing HK-2 cells and macrophage cells with HAP (H + M + A group)...
December 13, 2017: Urolithiasis
Sriram Ravindran, Sri Rahavi Boovarahan, Karthi Shanmugam, Ramalingam C Vedarathinam, Gino A Kurian
PURPOSE: Sodium thiosulfate (STS) has of late been proven efficacious in models of urolithiasis and vascular calcification. However, its cardiovascular effects on ischemia reperfusion injury (IR) have not been revealed. Being an antioxidant and calcium chelator, it is assumed to play a vital role in IR as ROS production and calcium overload are major perpetrators of IR injury. METHODS: The cardioprotective effect of STS was evaluated in vitro using H9C2 cardiomyocytes and in vivo using both isolated rat heart and intact left anterior descending artery (LAD) occlusion models of ischemia reperfusion injury...
September 30, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
YiFu Li, ShiLiang Yu, XiuGuo Gan, Ze Zhang, Yan Wang, YingWei Wang, RuiHua An
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible involvement of multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP-1) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) in the oxalate-induced redistribution of phosphatidylserine (PS) in renal epithelial cell membranes. METHODS: A western blot analysis was used to examine the MRP-1 and BCRP expression levels. Surface-expressed PS was detected by the annexin V-binding assay. The cell-permeable fluorogenic probe 2,7-dichlorofluorescein diacetate was used to measure the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level...
May 31, 2017: Urology
Jiaqiao Zhang, Qing Wang, Chuou Xu, Yuchao Lu, Henglong Hu, Baolong Qin, Yufeng Wang, Deng He, Cong Li, Xiao Yu, Shaogang Wang, Jihong Liu
As one of the major risks for urolithiasis, hyperoxaluria can be caused by genetic defect or dietary intake. And high oxalate induced renal epithelial cells injury is related to oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. Here, we investigated whether MitoTEMPO, a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant, could protect against oxalate mediated injury in NRK-52E cells via inhibiting mitochondrial dysfunction and modulating oxidative stress. MitoSOX Red was used to determine mitochondrial ROS (mtROS) production...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Ercan Yuvanc, Erdal Yilmaz, Devrim Tuglu, Ertan Batislam
Nephrolithiasis is a serious problem for both patients and the health system. Recurrence stands out as a significant problem in urinary system stone disease, the prevalence of which is increasing gradually. If recurrence is not prevented, patients may go through recurrent operations due to nephrolithiasis. While classical therapeutic options are available for all stone types, the number of randomized controlled studies and extensive meta-analyses focusing on their efficiency are inadequate. Various alternative therapeutic options to these medical therapies also stand out in recent years...
November 6, 2015: World Journal of Nephrology
K Wilhelm, H-M Fritsche, C Netsch
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) is one of the main interventional treatment modalities for large kidney stones (> 2 cm diameter). With the implementation of miniaturised techniques the indications for PCNL have been broadened to smaller stones. Especially for urologists without emphasis on endourology it is difficult to have an overview of the growing multitude of available systems and techniques. This article describes the currently available systems for percutaneous stone treatment with their peculiarities and indications...
July 2015: Aktuelle Urologie
Jiun-Hung Geng, Hung-Pin Tu, Paul Ming-Chen Shih, Jung-Tsung Shen, Mei-Yu Jang, Wen-Jen Wu, Ching-Chia Li, Yii-Her Chou, Yung-Shun Juan
Urolithiasis is a common disease of the urinary system. Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) has become one of the standard treatments for renal and ureteral stones; however, the success rates range widely and failure of stone disintegration may cause additional outlay, alternative procedures, and even complications. We used the data available from noncontrast abdominal computed tomography (NCCT) to evaluate the impact of stone parameters and abdominal fat distribution on calculus-free rates following SWL...
January 2015: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Grazia Tamma, Nandu Goswami, Johannes Reichmuth, Natale G De Santo, Giovanna Valenti
Functioning of the hypothalamic-neurohypophyseal-vasopressin axis is altered in aging, and the pathway may represent a plausible target to slow the process of aging. Arginine vasopressin, a nine-amino acid peptide that is secreted from the posterior pituitary in response to high plasma osmolality and hypotension, is central in this pathway. Vasopressin has important roles in circulatory and water homoeostasis mediated by vasopressin receptor subtypes V1a (vascular), V1b (pituitary), and V2 (vascular, renal)...
March 2015: Endocrinology
Daniele Bianchi, Giuseppe Vespasiani, Pierluigi Bove
Bilateral ureteral obstruction in children is a rare condition arising from several medical or surgical pictures. It needs to be promptly suspected in order to attempt a quick renal function recovery. In this paper we concentrated on uncommon causes of obstruction, with the aim of giving a summary of such multiple, rare and heterogeneous conditions joint together by the common denominator of sudden bilateral ureteral obstruction, difficult to be suspected at times. Conversely, typical and well-known diseases have been just run over...
November 6, 2014: World Journal of Nephrology
Huseyin Besiroglu, Alper Otunctemur, Emin Ozbek
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and urolithiasis. BACKGROUND: Observational studies and reviews suggest an association between the incidence of urolithiasis and the prevalence of MetS. However, individual studies are needed to be gathered to come to a more reliable and precise conclusion. METHODS: We searched the Pubmed-Medline and Embase databases up to February 2014 to identify studies related to urolithiasis and metabolic syndrome...
February 2015: Renal Failure
Raphaële Renard-Penna, Aurélie Martin, Pierre Conort, Pierre Mozer, Philippe Grenier
OBJECTIVES: We discuss in this review, urologists' expectations of imaging in terms of detection, characterization, pre-planning treatment and follow-up of urinary stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data acquisition regarding kidney stones and imaging was performed using MEDLINE searches with combinations of the following keywords: urinary stones, CT Urography, low dose CT, MRI urography, renal stones ultrasound, conventional radiography, surgery. RESULTS: CT has become the gold standard for the evaluation of urinary stones...
February 2015: World Journal of Urology
Kevin Labadie, Zhamshid Okhunov, Arash Akhavein, Daniel M Moreira, Jorge Moreno-Palacios, Michael Del Junco, Zeph Okeke, Vincent Bird, Arthur D Smith, Jaime Landman
PURPOSE: Contemporary predictive tools for percutaneous nephrolithotomy outcomes include the Guy stone score, S.T.O.N.E. nephrolithometry and the CROES nephrolithometric nomogram. We compared each scoring system in the same cohort to determine which was most predictive of surgical outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy between 2009 and 2012 at a total of 3 academic institutions. We calculated the Guy stone score, the S...
January 2015: Journal of Urology
Ravindra B Sabnis, Jaspreet S Chhabra, Arvind P Ganpule, Sachin Abrol, Mahesh R Desai
The incidence of pediatric stone disease has been increasing. Though there are geographical variations, there remains a common theme in that this is a high-risk population with regard to stone formation and recurrence. Consequently, it is important to keep the number of procedures performed to a minimum and to save the developing kidney from the deleterious effects of intervention. Of the number of available treatment options, Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) offers a number of distinct advantages albeit with its own set of concerns...
July 2014: Current Urology Reports
Maria Goretti Moreira Guimarães Penido, Marcelo de Sousa Tavares
Idiopathic hypercalciuria (IH) is the leading metabolic risk factor for urolithiasis and affects all age groups without gender or race predominance. IH has a high morbidity with or without lithiasis and reduced bone mineral density (BMD), as described previously in pediatric patients as well as in adults. The pathogenesis of IH is complex and not completely understood, given that urinary excretion of calcium is the end result of an interplay between three organs (gut, bone and kidney), which is further orchestrated by hormones, such as 1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D, parathyroid hormone, calcitonin and fosfatonins (i...
April 6, 2012: World Journal of Nephrology
Jens Rassweiler, Marie-Claire Rassweiler, Hannes Kenngott, Thomas Frede, Maurice-Stephan Michel, Peter Alken, Ralph Clayman
INTRODUCTION: Twenty-five years of SMIT represents an important date. In this article we want to elaborate the development of minimally invasive surgery in urology during the last three decades and try to look 25 years ahead. MATERIAL AND METHODS: As classical scenarios to demonstrate the changes which have revolutionized surgical treatment in urology, we have selected the management of urolithiasis, renal tumour, and localized prostate cancer. This was based on personal experience and a review of the recent literature on MIS in Urology on a MEDLINE/PUBMED research...
August 2013: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
Yair Lotan, Michel Daudon, Franck Bruyère, Glenn Talaska, Giovanni Strippoli, Richard J Johnson, Ivan Tack
We are often told that we should be drinking more water, but the rationale for this remains unclear and no recommendations currently exist for a healthy fluid intake supported by rigorous scientific evidence. Crucially, the same lack of evidence precludes the claim that a high fluid intake has no clinical benefit. The aim of this study is to describe the mechanisms by which chronic low fluid intake may play a crucial role in the pathologies of four key diseases of the urinary system: urolithiasis, urinary tract infection, chronic kidney disease and bladder cancer...
May 2013: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Matthew S Christman, Angela Kalmus, Pasquale Casale
PURPOSE: There is a lack of information on the safety and efficacy of ureteroscopy in the neurogenic bladder population. We hypothesized that ureteroscopy in patients with neurogenic bladder would be associated with an increased risk of complications and a lower stone clearance rate than in patients without neurological impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed a local registry of patients with ICD-9 codes for urolithiasis between 2004 and 2012. The study cohort was assembled from all eligible patients with neurogenic bladder and a randomly selected control group that had undergone ureteroscopy...
October 2013: Journal of Urology
David D Childs, John R Leyendecker, John Gianini, Craig Hall
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of performing diagnostic-quality contrast-enhanced excretory magnetic resonance urography (eMRU) at 3T, examining both image quality and diagnostic accuracy for a range of urinary tract abnormalities. METHODS: The diuretic-enhanced 3T eMRUs of 37 patients were reviewed to assess for the diagnostic conspicuity of urinary tract abnormalities, extent of urinary tract visualization on excretory images, and presence and severity of image artifacts...
January 2013: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Dan Magrill, Uday Patel, Ken Anson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Over the past 10 years, we have seen major advances in urological imaging including developments in digital imaging, ultrasound and computerized tomography (CT) scanning. All of these have had an impact on the management of urinary tract stone disease. In parallel with these, we have witnessed a greater appreciation of the potential harm of irradiation exposure. In this article, we aim to provide an overview of the impact of imaging in urolithiasis treatment planning in 2013...
March 2013: Current Opinion in Urology
Harika Alpay, Ibrahim Gokce, Ahmet Özen, Nese Bıyıklı
PURPOSE: We have evaluated the clinical, radiological and metabolic features of infantile urolithiasis (UL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have reviewed the medical records of 93 children who were diagnosed as having UL before 1 year of age. We recorded patient demographics, the age at diagnosis, presenting symptoms, family history, the localizations and dimensions of stones, urinary metabolic examinations, as well as physical, laboratory, and radiologic findings. Our secondary objective was to compare some features of this group with those of older children with UL followed-up in the same clinic which were previously reported...
March 2013: Pediatric Surgery International
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