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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636229/recovery-from-reproductive-and-morphological-abnormalities-in-medaka-oryzias-latipes-following-a-14-day-exposure-to-diclofenac
#1
Hirofumi Yokota, Kaho Higashi, Erina Hanada, Ei Matsuzaki, Yukinari Tsuruda, Tomoko Suzuki, Eiko Nakano, Sayaka Eguchi
Mating pairs of medaka (Oryzias latipes) were exposed to diclofenac (DCF) at measured concentrations of 0 (control), 7.1, 37, and 78 µg/L for 14 d under static-renewal conditions. Effects on reproductive success, as well as morphological abnormalities, of the fish were assessed. During the exposure period, both fecundity and fertility were significantly decreased in the 37 and 78 µg/L treatments groups, and swollen abdomens in females were observed in all exposure groups. Notably, a defect of the lower jaw also was observed in four male fish: two at 37 µg/L, and the others at 78 µg/L of DCF...
June 21, 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635959/optogenetic-activation-of-plexin-b1-reveals-contact-repulsion-between-osteoclasts-and-osteoblasts
#2
Abhijit Deb Roy, Taofei Yin, Shilpa Choudhary, Vladimir Rodionov, Carol C Pilbeam, Yi I Wu
During bone remodelling, osteoclasts induce chemotaxis of osteoblasts and yet maintain spatial segregation. We show that osteoclasts express the repulsive guidance factor Semaphorin 4D and induce contact inhibition of locomotion (CIL) in osteoblasts through its receptor Plexin-B1. To examine causality and elucidate how localized Plexin-B1 stimulation may spatiotemporally coordinate its downstream targets in guiding cell migration, we develop an optogenetic tool for Plexin-B1 designated optoPlexin. Precise optoPlexin activation at the leading edge of migrating osteoblasts readily induces local retraction and, unexpectedly, distal protrusions to steer cells away...
June 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631442/osteoblast-migration-in-vertebrate-bone
#3
Antonia Thiel, Marie K Reumann, Adele Boskey, Johannes Wischmann, Rüdiger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Philipp Mayer-Kuckuk
Bone formation, for example during bone remodelling or fracture repair, requires mature osteoblasts to deposit bone with remarkable spatial precision. As osteoblast precursors derive either from circulation or resident stem cell pools, they and their progeny are required to migrate within the three-dimensional bone space and to navigate to their destination, i.e. to the site of bone formation. An understanding of this process is emerging based on in vitro and in vivo studies of several vertebrate species. Receptors on the osteoblast surface mediate cell adhesion and polarization, which induces osteoblast migration...
June 19, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629694/interleukin-6-participation-in-pathology-of-ocular-diseases
#4
REVIEW
Forouhe Zahir-Jouzdani, Fatemeh Atyabi, Nazanin Mojtabavi
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine that affects a variety of cells in the body such as osteoclasts, hepatocytes, endothelial cells, epithelial cells, white and red blood cells and etc. Elevated levels of IL-6 have been detected in many ocular diseases. Studies show that IL-6 has a major role in the pathology of glaucoma, CRVO, macular edema, ocular neovascularization, posterior capsule opacity formation, keratitis, dry eye disease, allergic eye disease, ocular autoimmune disease, corneal chemical burn, ocular inflammation and so on...
June 10, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629516/context-dependent-skeletal-effects-of-erythropoietin
#5
Sahar Hiram-Bab, Drorit Neumann, Yankel Gabet
Erythropoietin (Epo) is the main hormone that regulates the production of red blood cells (hematopoiesis), by stimulating their progenitors. Beyond this vital function, several emerging roles have been noted for Epo in other tissues, including neurons, heart, and retina. The skeletal system is also affected by Epo; however, its actions on bone are, as yet, controversial. Here, we review the seemingly contradicting evidence regarding Epo effects on bone remodeling. We also discuss the evidence pointing to a direct vs indirect effect of Epo on the osteoblastic and osteoclastic cell lineages...
2017: Vitamins and Hormones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627741/proteomics-approach-to-identify-novel-metastatic-bone-markers-from-the-secretome-of-pc-3-prostate-cancer-cells
#6
EunJi Sung, Oh Kwang Kwon, Jae-Mok Lee, Sangkyu Lee
Prostate cancer is the leading type of cancer diagnosed, and the most frequent cause of worldwide male cancer-related deaths annually. The limitations of current prostate cancer screening tests demand the identification of novel biomarkers for the early diagnosis of prostate cancer bone metastasis. In the present study, we performed a proteomic analysis of secreted proteins from the prostate cancer bone metastasis cell line, PC-3, and the normal prostate cell line, RWPE-1. We thus quantified 917 proteins, of which 68 were found to be secreted at higher levels by PC-3 than by RWPE-1 cells via LC-MS/MS...
June 19, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627701/mangiferin-positively-regulates-osteoblast-differentiation-and-suppresses-osteoclast-differentiation
#7
Yuusuke Sekiguchi, Hiroshi Mano, Sachie Nakatani, Jun Shimizu, Aya Kataoka, Kana Ogura, Yoshifumi Kimira, Midori Ebata, Masahiro Wada
Mangiferin is a polyphenolic compound present in Salacia reticulata. It has been reported to reduce bone destruction and inhibit osteoclastic differentiation. This study aimed to determine whether mangiferin directly affects osteoblast and osteoclast proliferation and differentiation, and gene expression in MC3T3‑E1 osteoblastic cells and osteoclast‑like cells derived from primary mouse bone marrow macrophage cells. Mangiferin induced significantly greater WST‑1 activity, indicating increased cell proliferation...
June 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626555/live-imaging-of-follicle-stimulating-hormone-receptors-in-gonads-and-bones-using-near-infrared-ii-fluorophore
#8
Yi Feng, Shoujun Zhu, Alexander L Antaris, Hao Chen, Yuling Xiao, Xiaowei Lu, Linlin Jiang, Shuo Diao, Kuai Yu, Yan Wang, Sonia Herraiz, Jingying Yue, Xuechuan Hong, Guosong Hong, Zhen Cheng, Hongjie Dai, Aaron J Hsueh
In vivo imaging of hormone receptors provides the opportunity to visualize target tissues under hormonal control in live animals. Detecting longer-wavelength photons in the second near-infrared window (NIR-II, 1000-1700 nm) region affords reduced photon scattering in tissues accompanied by lower autofluorescence, leading to higher spatial resolution at up to centimeter tissue penetration depths. Here, we report the conjugation of a small molecular NIR-II fluorophore CH1055 to a follicle stimulating hormone (FSH-CH) for imaging ovaries and testes in live mice...
May 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626166/efficacy-of-denosumab-for-osteoporosis-in-three-female-patients-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#9
Masashi Uehara, Yukio Nakamura, Jun Takahashi, Mikio Kamimura, Shota Ikegami, Takako Suzuki, Shigeharu Uchiyama, Tomomi Yamaguchi, Tomoki Kosho, Hiroyuki Kato
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is an inherited bone disorder that causes fractures due to impaired production of collagen type I. In recent years, denosumab, a human monoclonal antibody against receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL), has become widely used as an anti-osteoclastic agent for osteoporosis. This study investigated osteoporotic cases of OI to examine effects of denosumab on bone fragility. This was a retrospective, consecutive case series that included 3 female patients aged 42, 40, and 14 years, respectively...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625897/differential-expression-of-long-noncoding-rnas-in-congenital-microtia
#10
Ling Zhang, Lin Lin, Yu-Peng Song, Bo Pan, Qing-Hua Yang, Hai-Yue Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To analyse lncRNA expression profiles in microtia using bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: We examined lncRNA expression profiles in residual ear cartilage and normal ear cartilage from individual congenital microtia patients. RESULTS: The gene chips used in this study included 30586 lncRNAs and 26109 mRNA probes. Intotal, 180 lncRNAs with differential expression weredetected in the residual ear cartilage compared with the normal cartilage, including 74 up-regulated and 106down-regulated lncRNAs...
June 15, 2017: Gene Expression Patterns: GEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623721/macrophage-phenotypic-mechanomodulation-of-enhancing-bone-regeneration-by-superparamagnetic-scaffold-upon-magnetization
#11
Suisui Hao, Jie Meng, Yu Zhang, Jian Liu, Xin Nie, Fengxin Wu, Yanlian Yang, Chen Wang, Ning Gu, Haiyan Xu
Macrophages are involved in all phases of scaffold induced tissue regeneration, orchestrating the transition from an inflammatory to regenerative phenotype to guide all other cell types to complete the wound healing process when a tissue defect advances beyond the critical size. Therefore, harnessing macrophages by scaffolds is important for facilitating tissue regeneration in situ. In this work we utilized the superparamagnetic scaffold upon magnetization as a mechanostimulation platform to apply forces directly to macrophages grown in the scaffold, aiming to figure out whether the functions of macrophages related to bone tissue regeneration can be mechanomodulated and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms...
June 9, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621056/denervation-effectively-aggravates-rat-experimental-periodontitis
#12
X Yu, Z Gong, Q Lin, W Wang, S Liu, S Li
BACKGROUND: Nerve and its related factors in the occurrence and development of periodontitis are worthy of further study. Denervation research is a useful addition to nerve and innervation studies. The aim of this study is to establish a rat model of inferior alveolar nerve transection combined with ligature-induced periodontitis to elucidate the effects of denervation on ligature-induced rat periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-four Wistar rats were distributed to the four groups randomly: ligation (L); denervation (D); ligation+denervation (LD); and normal (N) as control...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620304/pu-erh-tea-extract-ameliorates-ovariectomy-induced-osteoporosis-in-rats-and-suppresses-osteoclastogenesis-in-vitro
#13
Titi Liu, Shihua Ding, Dan Yin, Xiangdan Cuan, Chuanqi Xie, Huanhuan Xu, Xuanjun Wang, Jun Sheng
Background and Objective: Tea drinking is associated with positive effects on bone health and may protect against osteoporosis, especially in elderly women. Pu-erh tea has many beneficial effects on human health; however, whether Pu-erh tea has anti-osteoporotic potential remains unclear. Thus, we investigated the effects of Pu-erh tea extract (PTE) on ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis in rats and on osteoclastogenesis in vitro. Methods: Female Wistar rats were divided into six groups: the sham, model, and Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao capsule (XLGB) groups, and the low-, medium-, and high-dose PTE groups...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619088/chemokine-signals-are-crucial-for-enhanced-homing-and-differentiation-of-circulating-osteoclast-progenitor-cells
#14
Alan Sucur, Zrinka Jajic, Marinko Artukovic, Marina Ikic Matijasevic, Branimir Anic, Darja Flegar, Antonio Markotic, Tomislav Kelava, Sanja Ivcevic, Natasa Kovacic, Vedran Katavic, Danka Grcevic
BACKGROUND: The peripheral blood (PB) monocyte pool contains osteoclast progenitors (OCPs), which contribute to osteoresorption in inflammatory arthritides and are influenced by the cytokine and chemokine milieu. We aimed to define the importance of chemokine signals for migration and activation of OCPs in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: PB and, when applicable, synovial fluid (SF) samples were collected from 129 patients with RA, 53 patients with PsA, and 110 control patients in parallel to clinical parameters of disease activity, autoantibody levels, and applied therapy...
June 15, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618652/cross-talk-of-microrna-and-hydrogen-sulfide-a-novel-therapeutic-approach-for-bone-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Yuankun Zhai, Suresh C Tyagi, Neetu Tyagi
Bone homeostasis requires a balance between the bone formation of osteoblasts and bone resorption of osteoclasts to maintain ideal bone mass and bone quality. An imbalance in bone remodeling processes results in bone metabolic disorders such as osteoporosis. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a gasotransmitter, has attracted the focus of many researchers due to its multiple physiological functions. It has been implicated in anti-inflammatory, vasodilatory, angiogenic, cytoprotective, anti-oxidative and anti-apoptotic mechanisms...
June 10, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618344/developmental-mechanism-of-muscle-tendon-bone-complex-in-the-fetal-soft-palate
#16
Michiyuki Nara, Kei Kitamura, Masahito Yamamoto, Ryotaro Nagakura, Keisuke Mitomo, Satoru Matsunaga, Shinichi Abe
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate how the palatine aponeurosis, medial pterygoid process (MPP) of the sphenoid bone, and tensor veli palatini (TVP) muscle form the pulley: muscle-tendon-bone complex. DESIGN: Mice at embryonic day (ED) 14-17 were used as sample in this study. Azan staining was performed to observe the morphology, and immunohistochemical staining of desmin was performed to closely observe the development of the myotendinous junction...
June 6, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617559/blockade-of-il-17-alleviated-inflammation-in-rat-arthritis-and-mmp-13-expression
#17
X-L Shui, W Lin, C-W Mao, Y-Z Feng, J-Z Kong, S-M Chen
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is one systemic auto-immune disorder featured as chronic synovitis and can destruct joint cartilage. Fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS) secretes various factors affecting chondrocyte matrix and degradation. This study thus investigated the effect of interleukin-17A (IL-17A) on FLS and osteoclast. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats were assigned to CIA model, CIA + IgG1 isotype, and CIA + Anti-Rat IL-17A groups...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615093/-overexpression-of-klotho-inhibits-differentiation-of-raw264-7-cells-into-osteoclasts
#18
Feng Xu, Houxun Ma, Baoshan Li, Bi Xiao, Qian Huang, Xiao Liang
Objective To explore the effect of overexpression of Klotho (KL) on the differentiation of RAW264.7 cells intoosteoclasts induced by soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand ( sRANKL). Methods The RAW264.7 cells were divided into Ad-KL group, Ad-GFP group and control group. Inverted microscope was used to observe KL transfected cells. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting were used to detect mRNA and protein expression level of KL, respectively. Tartrate-resistant acidphosphatase (TRAP) staining was applied to observe the osteoclast differentiation and maturation...
June 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614698/sardine-procalcitonin-amino-terminal-cleavage-peptide-has-a-different-action-from-calcitonin-and-promotes-osteoblastic-activity-in-the-scales-of-goldfish
#19
Yoichi Kase, Takahiro Ikari, Toshio Sekiguchi, Masayuki Sato, Shouzo Ogiso, Tsuyoshi Kawada, Shin Matsubara, Honoo Satake, Yuichi Sasayama, Masato Endo, Kei-Ichiro Kitamura, Atsuhiko Hattori, Takushi X Watanabe, Yusuke Maruyama, Yoshinari Watanabe, Hisayuki Funahashi, Akira Kambegawa, Nobuo Suzuki
The nucleotide sequence of a sardine preprocalcitonin precursor has been determined from their ultimobranchial glands in the present study. From our analysis of this sequence, we found that sardine procalcitonin was composed of procalcitonin amino-terminal cleavage peptide (N-proCT) (53 amino acids), CT (32 amino acids), and procalcitonin carboxyl-terminal cleavage peptide (C-proCT) (18 amino acids). As compared with C-proCT, N-proCT has been highly conserved among teleosts, reptiles, and birds, which suggests that N-proCT has some bioactivities...
June 11, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614388/osteoblast-specific-overexpression-of-complement-receptor-c5ar1-impairs-fracture-healing
#20
Stephanie Bergdolt, Anna Kovtun, Yvonne Hägele, Astrid Liedert, Thorsten Schinke, Michael Amling, Markus Huber-Lang, Anita Ignatius
The anaphylatoxin receptor C5aR1 plays an important role not only in innate immune responses, but also in bone metabolism and fracture healing, being highly expressed on immune and bone cells, including osteoblasts and osteoclasts. C5aR1 induces osteoblast migration, cytokine generation and osteoclastogenesis, however, the exact role of C5aR1-mediated signaling in osteoblasts is not entirely known. Therefore, we hypothesized that osteoblasts are essential target cells for C5a and that fracture healing should be disturbed in mice with an osteoblast-specific C5aR1 overexpression (Col1a1-C5aR1)...
2017: PloS One
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