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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637285/a-qualitative-study-of-the-impact-of-endometriosis-on-male-partners
#1
L Culley, C Law, N Hudson, H Mitchell, E Denny, N Raine-Fenning
STUDY QUESTION: What is the impact of endometrioses on male partners of women with the condition? SUMMARY ANSWER: Endometriosis significantly impacts men across several life domains and can negatively impact emotional well-being. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Endometriosis has been shown to negatively impact women's quality of life and may strain intimate relationships. Little is known about the impact on male partners. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: The ENDOPART study was a cross-sectional, qualitative study of 22 women with endometriosis and their male partners (n = 44) in the UK (2012-2013)...
June 15, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637151/work-related-experiences-of-head-and-neck-cancer-survivors-an-exploratory-and-descriptive-qualitative-study
#2
Carolyn S Dewa, Lucy Trojanowski, Sietske J Tamminga, Jolie Ringash, Maurene McQuestion, Jeffrey S Hoch
PURPOSE: This exploratory and descriptive study contributes to the growing knowledge about the return-to-work (RTW) experience of head and neck cancer (HNC) survivors. Viewing RTW as a process, participants were asked to consider the work-related experience with HNC at different phases: (1) at diagnosis/pre-treatment, (2) working during treatment (if the respondent did not take a work disability leave), and (3) post-treatment/RTW (if the respondent took a work disability leave). METHODS: Data were gathered in nine individual semi-structured in-depth interviews with patients receiving treatment at a quaternary cancer center's HNC clinic in Ontario, Canada...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637140/intimate-partner-violence-in-women-with-disabilities-perception-of-healthcare-and-attitudes-of-health-professionals
#3
Isabel Ruiz-Pérez, Guadalupe Pastor-Moreno, Vicenta Escribà-Agüir, Gracia Maroto-Navarro
PURPOSE: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major social problem and public health issue, but we still have a relatively small amount of data about partner violence in women with disabilities. The main objective of this study was to understand the experiences of women with disabilities who are or have been abused by their partners and to explore the knowledge, views and training requirements of primary care professionals. METHOD: Qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with women with disabilities who had experienced IPV (n = 14), and focus groups with healthcare professionals (n = 16)...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636449/zika-virus-in-ontario-evaluating-a-rapid-risk-assessment-tool-for-emerging-infectious-disease-threats
#4
Ryan Van Meer, Karin Hohenadel, Alanna Fitzgerald-Husek, Bryna Warshawsky, Doug Sider, Brian Schwartz, Mark P Nelder
To determine the Ontario-specific risk of local and travel-related Zika virus transmission in the context of a public health emergency of international concern, Public Health Ontario (PHO) completed a rapid risk assessment (RRA) on January 29, 2016, using a newly developed RRA guidance tool. The RRA concluded that risk of local mosquito-borne transmission was low, with a high risk of imported cases through travel. The RRA was updated 3 times based on predetermined triggers. An independent evaluation assessed both the application of the RRA guidance tool (process evaluation) and the usefulness of the RRA (outcome evaluation)...
May 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635432/psychological-resilience-in-people-experiencing-schizophrenia-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours
#5
Patricia Ann Gooding, Donna Littlewood, Rebecca Owen, Judith Johnson, Nick Tarrier
BACKGROUND: Negative stressors can aggravate the impact of schizophrenia. However, some people find ways of combating such stressors. There is a dearth of research examining factors which enable individuals with schizophrenia to show psychological resilience. AIMS: The goal of this study was to investigate resilience to negative stressors in people with disorders on the schizophrenia spectrum using a qualitative methodology. METHODS: Data were collected from 23 participants who had experienced schizophrenia and suicidal thoughts and behaviours...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631983/-worse-than-hiv-the-logics-of-cancer-screening-avoidance-in-swaziland
#6
Nomthandazo Malambo, Susan Erikson
This article shows the consequences of competing global health agendas within differential clinical and social worlds. Specifically, it examines how HIV's prominence in local clinical programming in Swaziland influences cervical cancer screening rates. Drawing on 2014 ethnographic research conducted in a semi-urban town in Swaziland, the interview and participant observation data show the relative scarcity of cervical cancer care and the consequences of HIV/AIDS funding and programming dominance. 20 women and 7 health workers were interviewed in homes, clinics and small businesses...
June 20, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631501/ambivalence-in-rehabilitation-thematic-analysis-of-the-experiences-of-lower-limb-amputated-veterans
#7
Jan Christensen, Henning Langberg, Patrick Doherty, Ingrid Egerod
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the organization and factors of importance to rehabilitation of veterans with lower limb amputation is sparse. The aim of this study was, therefore, to improve understanding of the influences of "military identity" on the organization of rehabilitation services and to investigate those factors influential in achieving successful rehabilitation, including interprofessional collaboration between different sectors involved in the rehabilitation of veterans with lower limb amputations...
June 20, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631391/myosin-substitution-rate-is-affected-by-the-amount-of-cytosolic-myosin-in-cultured-muscle-cells
#8
Koichi Ojima, Emi Ichimura, Yuya Yasukawa, Mika Oe, Susumu Muroya, Takahiro Suzuki, Jun-Ichi Wakamatsu, Takanori Nishimura
In striated muscles, approximately 300 myosin molecules form a single thick filament in myofibrils. Each myosin is continuously displaced by another myosin to maintain the thick filament structure. Our previous study using a fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) technique showed that the myosin replacement rate is decreased by inhibition of protein synthesis, but myosin is still exchangeable. This result prompted us to examine whether myosin in the cytoplasm is involved in myosin replacement in myofibrils...
June 19, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631171/qualitative-assessment-of-vaccination-hesitancy-among-members-of-the-apostolic-church-of-zimbabwe-a-case-study
#9
Z Machekanyanga, S Ndiaye, R Gerede, K Chindedza, C Chigodo, M E Shibeshi, J Goodson, F Daniel, L Zimmerman, R Kaiser
Vaccine hesitancy or lack of confidence in vaccines is considered a threat to the success of vaccination programs. The rise and spread of measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009-2010 were linked to objections among Apostolic Church members, estimated at about 3.5 million in Zimbabwe as of 2014. To inform planning of interventions for a measles-rubella vaccination campaign, we conducted an assessment of the factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy using data from various stakeholders. Among nine districts in three regions of Zimbabwe, we collected data on religious attitudes toward, and perceptions of, vaccines through focus group discussions with health workers serving Apostolic communities and members of the National Expanded Programme on Immunization; semi-structured interviews with religious leaders; and open-ended questions in structured interviews with Apostolic parents/caregivers...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629423/understanding-consumer-and-clinician-preferences-and-decision-making-for-rehabilitation-following-arthroplasty-in-the-private-sector
#10
Mark A Buhagiar, Justine M Naylor, Grahame Simpson, Ian A Harris, Friedbert Kohler
BACKGROUND: To understand private consumer and clinician preferences towards different rehabilitation modes following knee or hip arthroplasty, and identify factors which influence the chosen rehabilitation pathway. METHODS: Mixed methods cross-sectional study involving 95 semi-structured interviews of consumers (patients and carers) and clinicians (arthroplasty surgeons, physiotherapists and rehabilitation physicians) in Sydney, Australia, during 2014-2015. Participants were asked about the acceptability of different modes of rehabilitation provision, and factors influencing their chosen rehabilitation pathway...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629410/he-s-just-content-to-sit-a-qualitative-study-of-mothers-perceptions-of-infant-obesity-and-physical-activity
#11
Danae Dinkel, Kailey Snyder, Anastasia Kyvelidou, Victoria Molfese
BACKGROUND: Rates of obesity among children ages zero to five are rapidly increasing. Greater efforts are needed to promote healthy behaviors of young children. Mothers are especially important targets for promoting health as mothers' views play a vital role in helping their children foster healthy habits from an early age. Research has found parents' views of infants' weight may influence their feeding practices; however, limited research has explored mothers' view of infants' weight in relation to the promotion of physical activity...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629349/relationships-between-dental-personnel-and-non-dental-primary-health-care-providers-in-rural-and-remote-queensland-australia-dental-perspectives
#12
Jackie Stuart, Ha Hoang, Len Crocombe, Tony Barnett
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers has the potential to improve oral health care for people in rural and remote communities, where access to oral health services is limited. However, there is limited research on collaboration between these professional disciplines. The purpose of this paper was to explore the relationships between dental practitioners and non-dental primary care providers from rural and remote areas of Queensland and to identify strategies that could improve collaboration between these disciplines from the perspective of dental participants...
June 19, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628898/-talking-about-child-sexual-abuse-would-have-helped-me-young-people-who-sexually-abused-reflect-on-preventing-harmful-sexual-behavior
#13
Gemma McKibbin, Cathy Humphreys, Bridget Hamilton
Harmful sexual behavior carried out by children and young people accounts for about half of all child sexual abuse perpetration. The aim of this study was to draw on the insights of young people who had been sexually abusive to enhance the current prevention agenda. The study involved semi-structured interviews with 14 young people and six treatment-providing workers. Sampling was purposive and the young people had previously completed a treatment program for harmful sexual behaviour in Victoria, Australia...
June 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628417/motherhood-challenges-and-well-being-along-with-the-studentship-role-among-iranian-women-a-qualitative-study
#14
Zahra Behboodi Moghadam, Maryam Ordibeheshti Khiaban, Maryam Esmaeili, Mahvash Salsali
This study purposed to explore and describe the experiences of Iranian female students with the role of motherhood. This 2015 qualitative study used purposeful sampling to select 20 student mothers aged 24-50 who were studying at a state or non-state university in an urban area in northwest Iran. Data was collected through individual semi-structured interviews and analysed using a qualitative content analysis approach. Three main themes were developed during data analysis: "simultaneous management", "facilities", and "barriers"...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627472/molecular-dynamics-as-a-tool-for-in-silico-screening-of-skin-permeability
#15
Paolo Rocco, Francesco Cilurzo, Paola Minghetti, Giulio Vistoli, Alessandro Pedretti
Prediction of skin permeability can have manifold applications ranging from drug delivery to toxicity prediction. Along with the semi-empirical or mechanistic models proposed in the last decades, Molecular Dynamics simulations have recently become a fruitful tool for investigating membrane permeability, in particular as they allow the involved mechanisms to be modelled at a molecular level. Despite their significant structural complexity, Molecular Dynamics simulations can also be utilized to study permeation through the lipid matrix that characterizes the stratum corneum...
June 13, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627002/does-personalised-melanoma-genomic-risk-information-trigger-conversations-about-skin-cancer-prevention-and-skin-examination-with-family-friends-and-health-professionals
#16
A K Smit, L A Keogh, A J Newson, P N Butow, K Dunlop, R L Morton, J Kirk, D Espinoza, A E Cust
BACKGROUND: Receiving information about melanoma genomic risk might trigger conversations about skin cancer prevention and skin examinations. OBJECTIVES: To explore conversations prompted by receiving personalised genomic risk of melanoma with family, friends and health professionals. METHODS: We used a mixed-methods approach. Participants without a personal history and unselected for a family history of melanoma (n=103, aged 21-69, 53% women) completed questionnaires 3-months after receiving a personalised melanoma genomic risk assessment...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625933/experience-for-caregivers-of-dependent-elderly-persons-with-dementia
#17
Alexandre Vallée, Jean-Noël Vallée
Dependent elderly people with dementia require constant attention and significant care most of which are provided by family caregivers. The aim of our study is to highlight the feelings of caregivers of elderly with dementia and dependent. This qualitative study based on grounded theory method with semi-structured interviews with caregivers of dependent elderly. A comparative analysis of interviews to interview was conducted to identify themes, from the codes compared on a semantic level. 39 caregivers were interviewed until data saturation...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625662/experiences-and-perceptions-of-adults-accessing-publicly-available-nutrition-behavior-change-mobile-apps-for-weight-management
#18
Jessica R L Lieffers, Jose F Arocha, Kelly Grindrod, Rhona M Hanning
BACKGROUND: Nutrition mobile apps have become accessible and popular weight-management tools available to the general public. To date, much of the research has focused on quantitative outcomes with these tools (eg, weight loss); little is known about user experiences and perceptions of these tools when used outside of a research trial environment. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to understand the experiences and perceptions of adult volunteers who have used publicly available mobile apps to support nutrition behavior change for weight management...
June 15, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625364/semi-quantitative-models-for-identifying-potent-and-selective-transthyretin-amyloidogenesis-inhibitors
#19
Stephen Connelly, David E Mortenson, Sungwook Choi, Ian A Wilson, Evan T Powers, Jeffery W Kelly, Steven M Johnson
Rate-limiting dissociation of the tetrameric protein transthyretin (TTR), followed by monomer misfolding and misassembly, appears to cause degenerative diseases in humans known as the transthyretin amyloidoses, based on human genetic, biochemical and pharmacologic evidence. Small molecules that bind to the generally unoccupied thyroxine binding pockets in the native TTR tetramer kinetically stabilize the tetramer, slowing subunit dissociation proportional to the extent that the molecules stabilize the native state over the dissociative transition state-thereby inhibiting amyloidogenesis...
May 26, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625197/do-not-confuse-multidisciplinary-task-management-in-nursing-homes-with-interprofessional-care
#20
Giannoula Tsakitzidis, Sibyl Anthierens, Olaf Timmermans, Steven Truijen, Herman Meulemans, Paul Van Royen
Problem statement Little is known about how interprofessional healthcare providers in nursing homes work together. We know that interprofessional teamwork evolves from trial and error learning and so interprofessional collaboration has to be actively taught. This study aims to gain insights in the perception of professionals towards interprofessional collaboration in nursing homes and the factors that have an impact on interprofessional collaboration. Approach A qualitative descriptive methodology using focus group interviews and additional semi-structured interviews was performed...
June 19, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
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