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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926598/-if-he-could-speak-he-would-be-able-to-point-out-who-does-those-things-to-him-experiences-of-violence-and-access-to-child-protection-among-children-with-disabilities-in-uganda-and-malawi
#1
Lena Morgon Banks, Susan A Kelly, Nambusi Kyegombe, Hannah Kuper, Karen Devries
INTRODUCTION: There is growing evidence that children with disabilities face an increased risk of violence globally. While child protection mechanisms to prevent and respond to violence-including formal government systems and more informal programmes and activities run by local communities or NGOs-are slowly becoming operationalised in low- and- middle-income countries, little is known about whether existing mechanisms are disability-inclusive. The aim of this study is to provide a better understanding of children with disabilities' experiences of violence and their access to available child protection mechanisms in low resource settings...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925747/protocol-and-quality-assurance-for-carotid-imaging-in-100-000-participants-of-uk-biobank-development-and-assessment
#2
Sean Coffey, Adam J Lewandowski, Steve Garratt, Rudy Meijer, Steven Lynum, Ram Bedi, James Paterson, Mohammad Yaqub, J Alison Noble, Stefan Neubauer, Steffen E Petersen, Naomi Allen, Cathie Sudlow, Rory Collins, Paul M Matthews, Paul Leeson
Background Ultrasound imaging is able to quantify carotid arterial wall structure for the assessment of cerebral and cardiovascular disease risks. We describe a protocol and quality assurance process to enable carotid imaging at large scale that has been developed for the UK Biobank Imaging Enhancement Study of 100,000 individuals. Design An imaging protocol was developed to allow measurement of carotid intima-media thickness from the far wall of both common carotid arteries. Six quality assurance criteria were defined and a web-based interface (Intelligent Ultrasound) was developed to facilitate rapid assessment of images against each criterion...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925158/-study-on-chemical-constituents-of-seeds-of-croton-tiglium-and-their-cytotoxicities
#3
Hai-Guo Su, Huai Yang, Chun-Wang Meng, Cheng Peng, Li Guo, Ou Dai
Seven compounds were isolated from the seeds of Croton tiglium by preparative TLC, semi-preparative HPLC, and column chromatography over silica gel, MCI, and Sephadex LH-20, etc. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic data analysis as bis(2,3-dihydroxypropyl) nonanedioate (1), 12-O-(α-methyl)butyrylphorbol-13-decanoate (2), 12-O-tiglylphorbol-13-decanoate (3), (9S,10R,11E,13R)-9,10,13-trihydroxyoctadec-11-enoic acid (4), methyl (9S,10R,11E,13R)-9,10,13-trihydroxyoctadec-11-enoate (5), 4(1H)-quinolinone (6), and 5-hydroxy-2-pyridinemethanol (7)...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924602/factors-defining-expertise-in-screening-colonoscopy
#4
Kinesh Patel, Anna Pinto, Omar Faiz, Matt Rutter, Siwan Thomas-Gibson
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:  There is very little literature defining characteristics of expert endoscopists. It is hypothesised that previously undetermined human factors may correlate with high performance in screening colonoscopists. The aim of this study was to determine factors contributing towards expertise in screening colonoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A focus group was used to hypothesise skills considered to be relevant to high performance in colonoscopy...
September 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924329/a-computational-tool-for-accelerated-analysis-of-oligomeric-proanthocyanidins-in-plants
#5
Mengliang Zhang, Jianghao Sun, Pei Chen
A computational tool was developed to facilitate proanthocyanidin analysis using data collected by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection-high resolution accurate mass-mass spectrometry (UHPLC-DAD-HRAM-MS). Both identification and semi-quantitation of proanthocyanidins can be achieved by the developed computational tool. It can extract proanthocyanidin chromatographic peaks, deconvolute the isotopic patterns of A-type, B-type, and multi-charged proanthocyanidins ions, and predict proanthocyanidin structures...
March 2017: Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924245/understanding-the-factors-affecting-self-management-of-copd-from-the-perspectives-of-healthcare-practitioners-a-qualitative-study
#6
Oladapo J Ogunbayo, Sian Russell, James J Newham, Karen Heslop-Marshall, Paul Netts, Barbara Hanratty, Eileen Kaner
Self-management is recognised as an essential criteria for the provision of high quality care for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The management of COPD is usually delivered by a wide range of healthcare practitioners. This study aimed to understand the factors affecting self-management of COPD from the perspectives of the different multidisciplinary healthcare teams involved in COPD care. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants from primary care, specialist respiratory and pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) teams...
September 18, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923056/physicians-perceptions-on-the-impact-of-telemedicine-on-recruitment-and-retention-in-underserved-areas-a-descriptive-study-in-senegal
#7
Birama Apho Ly, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Ronald Labonté, Mbayang Ndiaye Niang
BACKGROUND: Similar to many places, physicians in Senegal are unevenly distributed. Telemedicine is considered a potential solution to this problem. This study investigated the perceptions of Senegal's physicians of the impact of telemedicine on their recruitment to and retention in underserved areas. METHODS: We conducted individual interviews with a random sample of 60 physicians in Senegal, including 30 physicians working in public hospitals and 30 physicians working in district health centres between January and June 2014, as part of a mixed methods study...
September 18, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922416/multi-level-computational-methods-for-interdisciplinary-research-in-the-hathitrust-digital-library
#8
Jaimie Murdock, Colin Allen, Katy Börner, Robert Light, Simon McAlister, Andrew Ravenscroft, Robert Rose, Doori Rose, Jun Otsuka, David Bourget, John Lawrence, Chris Reed
We show how faceted search using a combination of traditional classification systems and mixed-membership topic models can go beyond keyword search to inform resource discovery, hypothesis formulation, and argument extraction for interdisciplinary research. Our test domain is the history and philosophy of scientific work on animal mind and cognition. The methods can be generalized to other research areas and ultimately support a system for semi-automatic identification of argument structures. We provide a case study for the application of the methods to the problem of identifying and extracting arguments about anthropomorphism during a critical period in the development of comparative psychology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922347/pearl-millet-genome-sequence-provides-a-resource-to-improve-agronomic-traits-in-arid-environments
#9
Rajeev K Varshney, Chengcheng Shi, Mahendar Thudi, Cedric Mariac, Jason Wallace, Peng Qi, He Zhang, Yusheng Zhao, Xiyin Wang, Abhishek Rathore, Rakesh K Srivastava, Annapurna Chitikineni, Guangyi Fan, Prasad Bajaj, Somashekhar Punnuri, S K Gupta, Hao Wang, Yong Jiang, Marie Couderc, Mohan A V S K Katta, Dev R Paudel, K D Mungra, Wenbin Chen, Karen R Harris-Shultz, Vanika Garg, Neetin Desai, Dadakhalandar Doddamani, Ndjido Ardo Kane, Joann A Conner, Arindam Ghatak, Palak Chaturvedi, Sabarinath Subramaniam, Om Parkash Yadav, Cécile Berthouly-Salazar, Falalou Hamidou, Jianping Wang, Xinming Liang, Jérémy Clotault, Hari D Upadhyaya, Philippe Cubry, Bénédicte Rhoné, Mame Codou Gueye, Ramanjulu Sunkar, Christian Dupuy, Francesca Sparvoli, Shifeng Cheng, R S Mahala, Bharat Singh, Rattan S Yadav, Eric Lyons, Swapan K Datta, C Tom Hash, Katrien M Devos, Edward Buckler, Jeffrey L Bennetzen, Andrew H Paterson, Peggy Ozias-Akins, Stefania Grando, Jun Wang, Trilochan Mohapatra, Wolfram Weckwerth, Jochen C Reif, Xin Liu, Yves Vigouroux, Xun Xu
Pearl millet [Cenchrus americanus (L.) Morrone] is a staple food for more than 90 million farmers in arid and semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa, India and South Asia. We report the ∼1.79 Gb draft whole genome sequence of reference genotype Tift 23D2B1-P1-P5, which contains an estimated 38,579 genes. We highlight the substantial enrichment for wax biosynthesis genes, which may contribute to heat and drought tolerance in this crop. We resequenced and analyzed 994 pearl millet lines, enabling insights into population structure, genetic diversity and domestication...
September 18, 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921607/in-labor-or-in-limbo-the-experiences-of-women-undergoing-induction-of-labor-in-hospital-findings-of-a-qualitative-study
#10
Annabel Jay, Hilary Thomas, Fiona Brooks
BACKGROUND: Induction of labor currently accounts for around 25% of all births in high-resource countries, yet despite much research into medical aspects, little is known about how women experience this process. This study aimed to explore in depth the induction experience of primiparous women. METHODS: A qualitative study was undertaken, using a sample of 21 first-time mothers from a maternity unit in the south of England. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in women's homes between 3 and 6 weeks postnatally...
September 17, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918307/an-application-of-bandura-s-four-sources-of-self-efficacy-to-the-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-people-with-intellectual-disability-an-inductive-and-deductive-thematic-analysis
#11
Andrew Maine, Adele Dickson, Maria Truesdale, Michael Brown
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the successful experiences and positive perceptions of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) self-managing Type 2 Diabetes (T2D). This study sought to address this gap using Bandura's (1977) 'Four Sources of Self-Efficacy' as a framework of enquiry. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 adults with ID. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and analysed using inductive and deductive thematic analysis RESULTS: Nine sub-themes were identified following analysis of the data: 1) Mastery through knowledge; 2) Mastery through tools and strategies; 3) Mastery through autonomy; 4) Influence of social setting; 5) Positive social comparisons; 6) Positive and negative self-statements; 7) Feedback from caregivers; 8) Adjustment experiences; 9) Symptom awareness...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917974/cross-cultural-analysis-of-medicinal-plants-commonly-used-in-ethnoveterinary-practices-at-south-waziristan-agency-and-bajaur-agency-federally-administrated-tribal-areas-fata-pakistan
#12
Muhammad Abdul Aziz, Muhammad Adnan, Amir Hasan Khan, Muhammad Sufyan, Shahid Niaz Khan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In remote areas, medicinal plants have an imperative role in curing various livestock's ailments. In Pakistan, people residing in remote areas including South Waziristan Agency and Bajaur Agency depend on traditional herbal remedies for treating their domestic animals. Medicinal plants are an important part of the medical system in these Agencies. The prime goal of the current study is to explore the ethnoveterinary practices in the two regions and discuss cross-cultural consensus on the use of medicinal plants...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917629/decision-making-about-healthcare-related-tests-and-diagnostic-strategies-a-qualitative-study-with-experts-suggests-that-test-accuracy-data-alone-is-rarely-sufficient-for-decision-making
#13
Reem A Mustafa, Wojtek Wiercioch, Matthew Ventresca, Jan Brozek, Holger J Schünemann
OBJECTIVE: To identify the critical factors that determine recommendations and other decisions about health care related tests and diagnostic strategies (HCTDS). METHODS: We used a qualitative descriptive approach and conducted semi-structured in-depth interviews with 24 international experts (informants) in evidence and decisions about HCTDS. RESULTS: Although test accuracy (TA) was the factor most commonly considered by organizations when developing recommendations about HCTDS, informants agreed that TA is necessary but rarely, if ever, sufficient and may be misleading when solely considered...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915890/barriers-and-enablers-for-the-development-and-implementation-of-allied-health-clinical-practice-guidelines-in-south-african-primary-healthcare-settings-a-qualitative-study
#14
J M Dizon, K Grimmer, Q Louw, S Machingaidze, H Parker, H Pillen
BACKGROUND: The South African allied health (AH) primary healthcare (PHC) workforce is challenged with the complex rehabilitation needs of escalating patient numbers. The application of evidence-based care using clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) is one way to make efficient and effective use of resources. Although CPGs are common for AH in high-income countries, there is limited understanding of how to do this in low- to middle-income countries. This paper describes barriers and enablers for AH CPG uptake in South African PHC...
September 15, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915343/identifying-preferred-format-and-source-of-exercise-information-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-that-can-be-delivered-by-health-care-providers
#15
Yvonne C Learmonth, Brynn C Adamson, Julia M Balto, Chung-Yi Chiu, Isabel M Molina-Guzman, Marcia Finlayson, Barry J Riskin, Robert W Motl
BACKGROUND: There is increasing recognition of the benefits of exercise in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS), yet the MS population does not engage in sufficient amounts of exercise to accrue health benefits. There has been little qualitative inquiry to establish the preferred format and source for receiving exercise information from health-care providers among persons with MS. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify the desired and preferred format and source of exercise information for persons with MS that can be delivered through health-care providers...
October 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914069/the-role-of-a%C3%A2-hospital-pharmacist-in-the-management-of-asthma-in-great-britain
#16
Inka Sembol, Božena Macešková
The role of the pharmacist in the asthma management is well established. However, there is still a considerable number of patients with suboptimal asthma control affecting patients quality of life and resulting in poor outcomes, morbidity and mortality. The aim was to identify patients factors, explore the hospital pharmacists role in the asthma management and identify any areas for improvement in Great Britain. Qualitative data collection was selected. Patients case studies and semi-structured open interviews with the hospital multi-disciplinary team (MDT) were applied...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913732/patient-and-provider-perceptions-of-internet-delivered-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-recent-cancer-survivors
#17
Nicole M Alberts, Heather D Hadjistavropoulos, Nickolai Titov, Blake F Dear
PURPOSE: Although most cancer survivors adjust well, a subset experiences clinical levels of anxiety and depression following cancer treatment. Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) is a promising intervention for symptoms of anxiety and depression among survivors; however, patient and provider perceptions of iCBT have not been examined. METHODS: We employed an exploratory qualitative method and conducted semi-structured interviews with 13 cancer survivors and 10 providers to examine iCBT strengths and weaknesses, areas for improvement, and perceived barriers to program completion...
September 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913604/differing-perceptions-concerning-research-integrity-between-universities-and-industry-a-qualitative-study
#18
Simon Godecharle, Benoit Nemery, Kris Dierickx
Despite the ever increasing collaboration between industry and universities, the previous empirical studies on research integrity and misconduct excluded participants of biomedical industry. Hence, there is a lack of empirical data on how research managers and biomedical researchers active in industry perceive the issues of research integrity and misconduct, and whether or not their perspectives differ from those of researchers and research managers active in universities. If various standards concerning research integrity and misconduct are upheld between industry and universities, this might undermine research collaborations...
September 14, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912959/research-protocol-for-a-complex-intervention-to-support-hearing-and-vision-function-to-improve-the-lives-of-people-with-dementia
#19
Iracema Leroi, Annie Pye, Christopher J Armitage, Anna Pavlina Charalambous, Fofi Constantinidou, Catherine Helmer, Ines Himmelsbach, Sarah Marié, Jahanara Miah, Suzanne Parsons, Jemma Regan, Chryssoula Thodi, Lucas Wolski, Abebaw Mengistu Yohannes, Piers Dawes
BACKGROUND: Hearing and vision impairments are among the most common and disabling comorbidities in people living with dementia. Intervening to improve sensory function could be a means by which the lives of people living with dementia may be improved. However, very few studies have tried to ameliorate outcomes in dementia by improving sensory function. This paper describes the multi-step development of a new intervention designed to support hearing and vision function in people living with dementia in their own homes...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912738/prejudice-and-health-anxiety-about-radiation-exposure-from-second-generation-atomic-bomb-survivors-results-from-a-qualitative-interview-study
#20
Yuka Kamite
The effect of atomic bomb radiation exposure on the survivors and their children has been a worrisome problem since soon after the 1945 Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings. Researchers have examined physical and genetic effects; however, no research has focused on second-generation survivors' (SGS) psychological effects. Consequently, this study shed light on the SGS' experience of discrimination and prejudice and their anxiety concerning the genetic effects of radiation exposure. This study utilized semi-structured interviews with 14 SGS (10 women, mean age = 56 ± 6...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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