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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546953/perspective-highlights-on-biodegradable-polymeric-nanosystems-for-targeted-therapy-of-solid-tumors
#1
REVIEW
Marziyeh Fathi, Jaleh Barar
Introduction: Polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) formulated using biodegradable polymers offer great potential for development of de novo drug delivery systems (DDSs) capable of delivering a wide range of bioactive agents. They can be engineered as advanced multifunctional nanosystems (NSs) for simultaneous imaging and therapy known as theranostics or diapeutics. Methods: A brief prospective is provided on biomedical importance and applications of biodegradable polymeric NSs through reviewing the recently published literature...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544261/mechanical-properties-structure-bioadhesion-and-biocompatibility-of-pectin-hydrogels
#2
Pavel A Markov, Nikita S Krachkovsky, Eugene A Durnev, Ekaterina A Martinson, Sergey G Litvinets, Sergey V Popov
The surface structure, biocompatibility, textural and adhesive properties of calcium hydrogels derived from 1, 2 and 4% solutions of apple pectin were examined in this study. An increase in the pectin concentration in hydrogels was shown to improve their stability toward elastic and plastic deformation. The elasticity of pectin hydrogels, measured as Young's modulus, ranged from 6 to 100 kPa. The mechanical properties of the pectin hydrogels were shown to correspond to those of soft tissues. The characterization of surface roughness in terms of the roughness profile (Ra) and the root-mean-square deviation of the roughness profile (Rq) indicated an increased roughness profile for hydrogels depending on their pectin concentration...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539275/mucosal-transfer-of-wheat-germ-agglutinin-modified-lipid-polymer-hybrid-nanoparticles-for-oral-delivery-of-oridonin
#3
Ying Liu, Jinguang Liu, Jun Liang, Meiying Zhang, Zhe Li, Zhi Wang, Beilei Dang, Nianping Feng
Wheat germ agglutinin-modified lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles (WGA-LPNs) promote cellular uptake after oral delivery via receptor-mediated endocytosis and bioadhesion. Understanding the mucosal transport of WGA-LPNs would help to improve bioavailability and ensure therapeutic efficacy. In this study, WGA-LPNs interacted with mucin, forming larger agglomerates with intact core-shell structure. The interaction of WGA-LPNs with mucin improved enterocyte endocytosis in Caco-2 cells. An in situ intestinal diffusion study in mice confirmed that WGA-LPNs reached enterocytes and underwent endocytosis, despite interference from mucin...
May 21, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516414/optimized-mucoadhesive-coated-niosomes-as-a-sustained-oral-delivery-system-of-famotidine
#4
Al-Zahraa M Khalifa, Bazigha K Abdul Rasool
The objective of this study is to develop an oral formulation of famotidine niosomes coated with a mucoadhesive polymer, chitosan. Famotidine (FMT) has low oral bioavailability of 40-45% and short half-life between 2.5 to 4 h. Famotidine is classified as class IV in BCS because of its low aqueous solubility (0.1% w/v) and low permeability. Thus, FMT was loaded to the bioadhesive coated niosomes to improve its solubility, enhance its oral bioavailability, and sustain FMT release pattern. Different formulations were prepared by thin-film hydration method and characterized in terms of entrapment efficiency, morphological features, vesicle size, and zeta potential...
May 17, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512660/selective-protein-recognition-in-supported-lipid-bilayer-arrays-by-tailored-dual-mode-deep-cavitand-hosts
#5
Lizeth Perez, Magi Mettry, Samuel S Hinman, Samantha R Byers, Kristy S McKeating, Bethany G Caulkins, Quan Cheng, Richard J Hooley
Self-folding deep cavitands with variably functionalized upper rims are able to selectively immobilize proteins at a biomimetic supported lipid bilayer surface. The immobilization process takes advantage of the dual-mode binding capabilities of the hosts, combining a defined binding pocket with upper rim charged/H-bonding groups. A variety of proteins can be selectively immobilized at the bilayer interface, either via complementary charge/H-bonding interactions, cavity-based molecular recognition, or a combination of both...
May 17, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506801/old-drug-new-wrapping-a-possible-comeback-for-chloramphenicol
#6
Sveinung G Ingebrigtsen, Alena Didriksen, Mona Johannessen, Nataša Škalko-Basnet, Ann Mari Holsæter
The antimicrobial drug chloramphenicol (CAM) exhibits activity against resistant bacteria, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). However, its use has been limited due to its toxicity. As the threat of antibiotic resistance continues to grow, a promising approach might be to increase the use of historical antimicrobial agents that demonstrate clinical efficacy, but are hampered by toxicity. We therefore aimed to prepare a liposome-in-hydrogel system for dermal delivery of CAM. Chitosan (CS) was used as the hydrogel vehicle due to its antimicrobial activity and excellent biocompatibility...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482609/combining-nt3-overexpressing-mscs-and-plga-microcarriers-for-brain-tissue-engineering-a-potential-tool-for-treatment-of-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Hanieh Moradian, Hamid Keshvari, Hamidreza Fasehee, Rassoul Dinarvand, Shahab Faghihi
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that characterized by destruction of substantia nigrostriatal pathway due to the loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Regardless of substantial efforts for treatment of PD in recent years, an effective therapeutic strategy is still missing. In a multidisciplinary approach, bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) are genetically engineered to overexpress neurotrophin-3 (nt-3 gene) that protect central nervous system tissues and stimulates neuronal-like differentiation of BMSCs...
July 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467734/structural-heteropolysaccharide-adhesion-to-the-glycocalyx-of-visceral-mesothelium
#8
Andrew Servais, Arne Kienzle, Cristian D Valenzuela, Alexandra B Ysasi, Willi L Wagner, Akira Tsuda, Maximilian Ackermann, Steven J Mentzer
Bioadhesives are biopolymers with potential applications in wound healing, drug delivery, and tissue engineering. Pectin, a plant-based heteropolysaccharide, has recently demonstrated potential as a mucoadhesive in the gut. Since mucoadhesion is a process likely involving the interpenetration of the pectin polymer with mucin chains, we hypothesized that pectin may also be effective at targeting the glycocalyx of visceral mesothelium. To explore the potential role of pectin as a mesothelial bioadhesive, we studied the interaction of various pectin formulations with the mesothelium of the lung, liver, bowel and heart...
May 3, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462414/superoleophobic-surfaces
#9
REVIEW
Jiale Yong, Feng Chen, Qing Yang, Jinglan Huo, Xun Hou
Superoleophobicity is a phenomenon where the contact angles of various oil droplets with low surface tension on a solid surface are larger than 150°. In the past few years, there has been much growing interest in the design and application of superoleophobic surfaces. Such surfaces have great significance for both fundamental research and a variety of practical applications, including oil-repellent coatings, self-cleaning, oil/water separation, oil droplet manipulation, chemical shielding, anti-blocking, designing liquid microlens, oil capture, bioadhesion, guiding oil movement and floating on oil...
May 2, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456106/transparent-and-durable-superhydrophobic-coatings-for-anti-bioadhesion
#10
Xia Zhao, Bo Yu, Junping Zhang
Although thousands of superhydrophobic coatings have been reported, transparent ones with high durability are rare. Here, transparent and durable superhydrophobic coatings were prepared by using multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as the templates. The superhydrophobic coatings were prepared by spray-coating the homogeneous suspension of polysiloxane-modified MWCNTs (MWCNTs@POS) in toluene onto glass slides, calcination in air at 500°C to form the silica nanotubes (SNTs), and then chemical vapor deposition of polydimethylsiloxane at 200°C onto the surface of the SNTs coatings...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438549/poly-methyl-vinyl-ether-co-maleic-acid-pectin-based-hydrogel-forming-systems-gel-film-and-microneedles
#11
Yusuf Kemal Demir, Ayşegül Ülkü Metin, Betül Şatıroğlu, Mehmet Ertuğrul Solmaz, Veysel Kayser, Karsten Mäder
Cross-linking of natural and synthetic polymers is widely explored to achieve the desired material properties (mechanical strength, drug loading capacity, swelling and erosion rates). However, the potential of polymers produced by crosslinking poly (methyl vinyl ether-co-maleic acid) (PMVE/MA) and pectin (PE) in pharmaceutics is mainly unexplored so far. We have investigated the effect of various esterification conditions and pectin content on the physicochemical properties. Materials have been characterized by fourier transform infrared, differential scanning calorimetry and scanning electron microscopy...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432016/inkjet-printing-of-antiviral-pcl-nanoparticles-and-anticancer-cyclodextrin-inclusion-complexes-on-bioadhesive-film-for-cervical-administration
#12
Cem Varan, Henrika Wickström, Niklas Sandler, Yeşim Aktaş, Erem Bilensoy
Personalized medicine is an important treatment approach for diseases like cancer with high intrasubject variability. In this framework, printing is one of the most promising methods since it permits dose and geometry adjustment of the final product. With this study, a combination product consisting of anticancer (paclitaxel) and antiviral (cidofovir) drugs was manufactured by inkjet printing onto adhesive film for local treatment of cervical cancers as a result of HPV infection. Furthermore, solubility problem of paclitaxel was overcome by maintaining this poorly soluble drug in a cyclodextrin inclusion complex and release of cidofovir was controlled by encapsulation in polycaprolactone nanoparticles...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422529/implant-compositions-for-the-unidirectional-delivery-of-drugs-to-the-brain
#13
Michael McGinity, John Floyd, James McGinity, Feng Zhang
The overall objective of this study was to design and characterize the properties of a bioadhesive trilayer sustained-release implant device for the unidirectional local delivery of anticancer compounds to the brain following the removal of glioblastoma multiforme tumors. Using acetaminophen as a model drug compound, we compressed trilayer wafers that contained (a) a bioadhesive layer, (b) a drug layer that contained a lipid and a pore-forming hydrophilic polymer, and (c) a third layer comprising a lipid substance...
April 19, 2017: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419912/the-mucosal-pellicle-an-underestimated-factor-in-oral-physiology
#14
REVIEW
Christian Hannig, Matthias Hannig, Anna Kensche, Guy Carpenter
Bioadhesion and bio-adsorption of proteins, glycoproteins and other biomolecules are ubiquitous phenomena in the oral cavity. While the protective role of the adsorbed salivary biomolecules on teeth (the acquired enamel pellicle) is well established, it has yet to be defined whether comparable processes occur on the desquamating oral soft tissues. The general term for these layers is pellicle, but due to the different characteristics of the coated surfaces the enamel pellicle and mucosal pellicle are their own entities...
April 8, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385037/new-for-old-coagulum-lithotomy-vs-a-novel-bioadhesive-for-complete-removal-of-stone-fragments-in-a-comparative-study-in-an-ex-vivo-porcine-model
#15
Dominik Stefan Schoeb, Martin Schoenthaler, Daniel Schlager, Ralf Petzold, Katharina Richter, Ingo Grunwald, Ulrich Wetterauer, Arkadiusz Miernik, Simon Hein
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a recently reported new bioadhesive system for the retrieval of small residual fragments (RFs) after intracorporeal lithotripsy, we systematically compared this system with coagulum lithotomy in retrograde intrarenal surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We extracted 30 human stone fragments (≤1 mm) in an ex vivo porcine kidney model using a flexible ureteroscope for three groups: (1) the novel bioadhesive, (2) autologous blood as a natural adhesive, and (3) (control group) a conventional retrieval basket...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367220/lectins-interconnecting-proteins-with-biotechnological-pharmacological-and-therapeutic-applications
#16
REVIEW
Luana Cassandra Breitenbach Barroso Coelho, Priscila Marcelino Dos Santos Silva, Vera Lúcia de Menezes Lima, Emmanuel Viana Pontual, Patrícia Maria Guedes Paiva, Thiago Henrique Napoleão, Maria Tereza Dos Santos Correia
Lectins are proteins extensively used in biomedical applications with property to recognize carbohydrates through carbohydrate-binding sites, which identify glycans attached to cell surfaces, glycoconjugates, or free sugars, detecting abnormal cells and biomarkers related to diseases. These lectin abilities promoted interesting results in experimental treatments of immunological diseases, wounds, and cancer. Lectins obtained from virus, microorganisms, algae, animals, and plants were reported as modulators and tool markers in vivo and in vitro; these molecules also play a role in the induction of mitosis and immune responses, contributing for resolution of infections and inflammations...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364672/efficacy-of-a-mouthrinse-based-on-hydroxyapatite-to-reduce-initial-bacterial-colonisation-in-situ
#17
A Kensche, C Holder, S Basche, N Tahan, C Hannig, M Hannig
OBJECTIVE: The present in situ - investigation aimed to specify the impact of pure hydroxyapatite microclusters on initial bioadhesion and bacterial colonization at the tooth surface. DESIGN: Pellicle formation was carried out in situ on bovine enamel slabs (9 subjects). After 1min of pellicle formation rinses with 8ml of hydroxyapatite (HA) microclusters (5%) in bidestilled water or chlorhexidine 0.2% were performed. As negative control no rinse was adopted. In situ biofilm formation was promoted by the intraoral slab exposure for 8h overnight...
March 23, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298824/comparative-evaluation-of-healing-after-periodontal-flap-surgery-using-isoamyl-2-cyanoacrylate-bioadhesive-material-and-silk-sutures-a-split-mouth-clinical-study
#18
Jyotsana Veneet Khurana, Amita Milind Mali, Rohini Salil Mali, Amit Ulhas Chaudhari
BACKGROUND: Many factors contribute to uneventful and healthy postoperative healing. Hence, closure of periodontal flap postsurgery for the attainment of primary union between flap margins is of utmost importance. Isoamyl 2-cyanoacrylate is a tissue adhesive, which can be used for the closure of elevated flaps to overcome the problems associated with conventional suture material like silk. AIM: This study aims to compare healing after periodontal flap surgery using isoamyl 2-cyanoacrylate (bioadhesive material) and silk sutures...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296024/a-moldable-nanocomposite-hydrogel-composed-of-a-mussel-inspired-polymer-and-a-nanosilicate-as-a-fit-to-shape-tissue-sealant
#19
Yuan Liu, Hao Meng, Zichen Qian, Ni Fan, Wonyoung Choi, Feng Zhao, Bruce P Lee
The engineering of bioadhesives to bind and conform to the complex contour of tissue surfaces remains a challenge. We have developed a novel moldable nanocomposite hydrogel by combining dopamine-modified poly(ethylene glycol) and the nanosilicate Laponite, without the use of cytotoxic oxidants. The hydrogel transitioned from a reversibly cross-linked network formed by dopamine-Laponite interfacial interactions to a covalently cross-linked network through the slow autoxidation and cross-linking of catechol moieties...
April 3, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271373/optimization-and-evaluation-of-gastroretentive-ranitidine-hcl-microspheres-by-using-factorial-design-with-improved-bioavailability-and-mucosal-integrity-in-ulcer-model
#20
Abeer Khattab, Nashwah Zaki
The purpose of our investigation was to develop and optimize the drug entrapment efficiency and bioadhesion properties of mucoadhesive chitosan microspheres containing ranitidine HCl prepared by an ionotropic gelation method as a gastroretentive delivery system; thus, we improved their protective and therapeutic gastric effects in an ulcer model. A 3 × 2(2) full factorial design was adopted to study the effect of three different factors, i.e., the type of polymer at three levels (chitosan, chitosan/hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, and chitosan/methylcellulose), the type of solvent at two levels (acetic acid and lactic acid), and the type of chitosan at two levels (low molecular weight (LMW) and high molecular weight (HMW))...
March 7, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
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