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Thanaa I Shalaby, Wessam M El-Refaie
Oral administration of insulin is hampered by the lack of carriers that can efficiently achieve high encapsulation, avoid gastric degradation, overcome mucosal barriers, and prolong the hypoglycemic effect. Chitosan (CS)-coated insulin-loaded cationic liposomes have been developed and optimized for improved oral delivery. Liposomes were prepared cationic to improve insulin encapsulation. CS was selected as a mucoadhesive coat to prolong system's residence and absorption. The performance of CS-coated compared to uncoated liposomes was examined in-vitro, ex-vivo, and in-vivo in Streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Wenzhen Zhu, Yon Jin Chuah, Dong-An Wang
Bioadhesives such as tissue adhesives, hemostatic agents, and tissue sealants have gained increasing popularity in different areas of clinical operations during the last three decades. Bioadhesives can be categorized into internal and external ones according to their application conditions. External bioadhesives are generally applied in topical medications such as wound closure and epidermal grafting. Internal bioadhesives are mainly used in intracorporal conditions with direct contact to internal environment including tissues, organs and body fluids, such as chronic organ leak repair and bleeding complication reduction...
April 20, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Rania Hamed, Ala'a AbuRezeq, Ola Tarawneh
Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammation of gum and tissues that surround and support the teeth. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be used in the treatment of periodontitis to ease swelling and inflammation. One approach of treating periodontitis is loading the NSAIDs in local drug delivery systems. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the local delivery of the NSAIDs model drug ibuprofen to treat periodontitis using different types of gel formulations (hydrogel, oleogel, and bigel)...
April 19, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Tianjiao Dai, Changping Wang, Yuqing Wang, Wei Xu, Jingjing Hu, Yiyun Cheng
Local bacterial infection is a challenging task and still remains a serious threat to human health in clinics. Systemic administration of antibiotics has only short-term antibacterial activity, and usually causes adverse effects and bacterial resistance. A bioadhesive hydrogel with broad-spectrum and on-demand antibiotic activity is highly desirable. Here, we designed a pH-responsive nanocomposite hydrogel via a Schiff base linkage between oxidized polysaccharides and cationic dendrimers encapsulated with silver NPs...
April 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ankur Singh, Ilana Brito, Jan Lammerding
Resistance to chemotherapy and pathway-targeted therapies poses a major problem in cancer research. While the fields of tumor biology and experimental therapeutics have already benefited from ex vivo preclinical tissue models, these models have yet to address the reasons for malignant transformations and the emergence of chemoresistance. With the increasing number of ex vivo models poised to incorporate physiological biophysical properties, along with the advent of genomic sequencing information, there are now unprecedented opportunities to better understand tumorigenesis and to design therapeutic approaches to overcome resistance...
April 2018: Trends in Cancer
Feng Gao, Ivan Djordjevic, Oleksandr Pokholenko, Haobo Zhang, Junying Zhang, Terry W J Steele
Tissue adhesives based on polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer, grafted with UV-sensitive aryldiazirine (PAMAM-g-diazirine) are promising new candidates for light active adhesion on soft tissues. Diazirine carbene precursors form interfacial and intermolecular covalent crosslinks with tissues after UV light activation that requires no premixing or inclusion of free radical initiators. However, primary amines on the PAMAM dendrimer surface present a potential risk due to their cytotoxic and immunological effects...
March 30, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jean-Philippe Buffet, Erwan Corre, Evelyne Duvernois-Berthet, Jérôme Fournier, Pascal Jean Lopez
Tube-building sabellariid polychaetes are hermatypic organisms capable of forming vast reefs in highly turbulent marine habitats. Sabellariid worms assemble their tube by gluing together siliceous and calcareous clastic particles using a polyelectrolytic biocement. Here, we performed transcriptomic analyses to investigate the genes that are differentially expressed in the parathorax region, which contains the adhesive gland and tissues, from the rest of the body. We found a large number of candidate genes to be involved in the composition and formation of biocement in two species: Sabellaria alveolata and Phragmatopoma caudata...
March 26, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Marc Salat, Petya Petkova, Javier Hoyo, Ilana Perelshtein, Aharon Gedanken, Tzanko Tzanov
An important preventive measure for providing a bacteria-free environment for the patients is the introduction of highly efficient and durable antibacterial textiles in hospitals. This work describes a single step sono-enzymatic process for coating of cotton medical textiles with antibacterial ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) and gallic acid (GA) to produce biocompatible fabrics with durable antibacterial properties. Cellulose substrates, however, need pre-activation to achieve sufficient stability of the NPs on their surface...
June 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Leixiao Yu, Christoph Schlaich, Yong Hou, Jianguang Zhang, Paul-Ludwig Michael Noeske, Rainer Haag
Dynamic regulation of the interactions between specific molecules on functional surfaces and biomolecules, e.g., proteins or cells, is critical for biosensor and biomedical devices. Herein, we present a spiropyran (SP) based light responsive surface coating, hPG (hyperbranched polygerol) -SP, to control the adsorption of proteins and adhesion of cells. In the normal state, the SP groups on the coating surface were in hydrophobic ring-closed form, which promote the nonspecific protein adsorption and cell adhesion...
March 26, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Jinshan Guo, Wei Sun, Jimin Peter Kim, Xili Lu, Qiyao Li, Min Lin, Oliver Mrowczynski, Elias B Rizk, Juange Cheng, Guoying Qian, Jian Yang
Tissue adhesives play an important role in surgery to close wounds, seal tissues, and stop bleeding, but existing adhesives are costly, cytotoxic, or bond weakly to tissue. Inspired by the water-resistant adhesion of plant-derived tannins, we herein report a new family of bioadhesives derived from a facile, one-step Michael addition of tannic acid and gelatin under oxidizing conditions and crosslinked by silver nitrate. The oxidized polyphenol groups of tannic acid enable wet tissue adhesion through catecholamine-like chemistry, while both tannic acid and silver nanoparticles reduced from silver nitrate provide antimicrobial sources inherent within the polymeric network...
March 16, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Fabio Sonvico, Adryana Clementino, Francesca Buttini, Gaia Colombo, Silvia Pescina, Silvia Stanisçuaski Guterres, Adriana Raffin Pohlmann, Sara Nicoli
In the field of nasal drug delivery, nose-to-brain delivery is among the most fascinating applications, directly targeting the central nervous system, bypassing the blood brain barrier. Its benefits include dose lowering and direct brain distribution of potent drugs, ultimately reducing systemic side effects. Recently, nasal administration of insulin showed promising results in clinical trials for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Nanomedicines could further contribute to making nose-to-brain delivery a reality...
March 15, 2018: Pharmaceutics
Yan Liu, Dongyang Zhao, Mengchi Sun, Wei Wei, Yingli Wang, Jiahua Zhou, Ruoshi Zhang, Jian Wang, Haotian Zhang, Zhonggui He, Qiming Kan, Jin Sun
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is one of the important antitumor drugs and is widely used to treat various types of cancers. However, its administration is limited to intravenous route due to poor oral bioavailability. Herein, we hypothesized that the maleimide group-containing 5-FU prodrug (EMC-5-FU) could improve the intestinal mucoadhesion because the maleimide end group can covalently target thiol residues of mucin glycoprotein covering the intestinal enterocytes. In vitro bioadhesion results showed that EMC-5-FU exhibited good affinity to the cysteine-rich subdomains of mucin and NMR studies successfully verified the covalent attachment of EMC-5-FU to mucin...
March 12, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Amanda Migotto, Vanessa F M Carvalho, Giovanna C Salata, Fernanda W M da Silva, Chao Yun Irene Yan, Kelly Ishida, Leticia V Costa-Lotufo, Alexandre A Steiner, Luciana B Lopes
Considering that breast cancer usually begins in the lining of the ducts, local drug administration into the ducts could target cancers and pre-tumor lesions locally while reducing systemic adverse effects. In this study, a cationic bioadhesive nanoemulsion was developed for intraductal administration of C6 ceramide, a sphingolipid that mediates apoptotic and non-apoptotic cell death. Bioadhesive properties were obtained by surface modification with chitosan. The optimized nanoemulsion displayed size of 46...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Arvind K Singh Chandel, Bhingaradiya Nutan, Ishan H Raval, Suresh K Jewrajka
Key issues of injectable hydrogels are incapability of loading hydrophobic drugs due to insolubility of drugs in aqueous prepolymer solution as well as in hydrogel matrix, and high water swelling which leads to poor mechanical and bioadhesive properties. Herein, we report that self-assembly of partially long-chain alkylated dextran-graft-poly[(2-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate] copolymer in aqueous solution could encapsulate pyrene, a hydrophobic probe, griseofulvin, a hydrophobic antifungal drug, and ornidazole, a hydrophilic antibiotic...
February 27, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Maria Lucia Frade, Sarah Raquel de Annunzio, Giovana Maria Fioramonti Calixto, Francesca Damiani Victorelli, Marlus Chorilli, Carla Raquel Fontana
Chitosan (CH) is a biopolymer that exhibits a number of interesting properties such as anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activity and is also a promising platform for the incorporation of photosensitizing agents. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of antimicrobial activity of chitosan hydrogel formulation alone and in combination with the methylene blue (MB) associated with antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) against planktonic and biofilm phase of Propionibacterium acnes . Suspensions were sensitized with 12...
February 22, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Francesca Damiani Victorelli, Giovana Maria Fioramonti Calixto, Matheus Aparecido Dos Santos Ramos, Taís Maria Bauab, Marlus Chorilli
Staphylococcus aureus is a common gram-positive bacterium of the human skin microbiota. It is also a dangerous pathogen that can cause serious and even lethal skin infections. The topical administration of metronidazole via nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems, such as liquid crystalline systems, can modulate both the drug permeation and activity, decreasing its side effects and increasing the drug potent activity against the gram-positive bacteria. This study aimed at: (1) structurally developing and characterizing a liquid crystalline systems composed of chitosan and polyethyleneimine dispersion as the aqueous phase, oleic acid as the oily phase, and ethoxylated and propoxylated cetyl alcohol as the surfactant (FPC) for metronidazole incorporation (0...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Behzad Darbasizadeh, Hamidreza Motasadizadeh, Behrouz Foroughi-Nia, Hassan Farhadnejad
The present study describes the fabrication of Tripolyphosphate (TPP)-crosslinked nanofibrous mats based on chitosan for use as a floating gastro-retentive delivery system. TPP-crosslinked chitosan (CH)/poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO)- ranitidine hydrochloride (RH) electrospun nanofibers (75.27 ± 2.10 nm) were prepared by electrospinning 70% v/v acetic acid solutions, and followed by crosslinking by TPP anions. The mechanical, structural and morphological properties of the prepared nanofibers were evaluated via tensile testing, XRD, FT-IR, TGA, NMR, AFM and SEM experimental techniques...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Yujin Lee, Eun-Ah You, Young-Geun Ha
For constructing bio-inspired functional films with various superhydrophobic functions including self-cleaning, anti-corrosion, anti-bioadhesion, and oil-water separation, hydrophobic nanomaterials have been widely used as crucial structural components. In general, hydrophobic nanomaterials, however, cannot form strong chemical bond networks in organic-inorganic hybrid composite films because of the absence of chemically compatible binding components. Herein, we report the rationally designed, multifunctional self-assembled nanoparticles with tunable functionalities of covalent cross-linking and hydrophobicity for constructing three-dimensionally interconnected superhydrophobic composite films via a facile solution-based fabrication at room temperature...
February 19, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Chen Li, Rongrong Qin, Ruirui Liu, Shuting Miao, Peng Yang
With the development of nanotechnology, functional amyloid materials are drawing increasing attention, and numerous remarkable applications are emerging. Amyloids, defined as a class of supramolecular assemblies of misfolded proteins or peptides into β-sheet fibrils, have evolved in many new respects and offer abundant chemical/biological functions. These proteinaceous micro/nano-structures provide excellent biocompatibility, rich phase behaviours, strong mechanical properties, and stability at interfaces not only in nature but also in functional materials, displaying versatile interactions with surfaces/interfaces that have been widely adopted in bioadhesion, synthetic biology, and composites...
February 13, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Shaheen Sultana, Sushma Talegaonkar, Bhaskar Ray, Harvinder Singh, F J Ahmad, Gaurav Mittal, Aseem Bhatnagar
INTRODUCTION: In this study, different nifedipine-loaded formulations were prepared to treat pylorospasm, a sphincter muscle disorder characterized by delayed gastric emptying process. The efficacy of formulation was evaluated in patients by subjective assessment, gamma scintigraphic approaches, and confocal microscopy. METHODS: Nifedipine-loaded different formulations such as sucrose bead, pellets, and microparticles (slugging method, ionotropic gelation, and chemical denaturation) were designed...
February 21, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
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