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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209627/thermosensitive-chitosan-hydrogels-containing-polymeric-microspheres-for-vaginal-drug-delivery
#1
Ting-Ting Yang, Yuan-Zheng Cheng, Meng Qin, Yong-Hong Wang, Hong-Li Yu, An-Lin Wang, Wei-Fen Zhang
Thermosensitive hydrogels have increasingly received considerable attention for local drug delivery based on many advantages. However, burst release of drugs is becoming a critical challenge when the hydrogels are employed. Microspheres- (MS-) loaded thermosensitive hydrogels were thus fabricated to address this limitation. Employing an orthogonal design, the spray-dried operations of tenofovir (TFV)/Bletilla striata polysaccharide (BSP)/chitosan (CTS) MS were optimized according to the drug loading (DL). The physicochemical properties of the optimal MS (MS F) were characterized...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205950/biodegradable-nanoparticles-enhanced-adhesiveness-of-mussel-like-hydrogels-at-tissue-interface
#2
Nikhil Pandey, Amirhossein Hakamivala, Cancan Xu, Prashant Hariharan, Boris Radionov, Zhong Huang, Jun Liao, Liping Tang, Philippe Zimmern, Kytai T Nguyen, Yi Hong
Popular bioadhesives, such as fibrin, cyanoacrylate, and albumin-glutaraldehyde based materials, have been applied for clinical applications in wound healing, drug delivery, and bone and soft tissue engineering; however, their performances are limited by weak adhesion strength and rapid degradation. In this study a mussel-inspired, nanocomposite-based, biodegradable tissue adhesive is developed by blending poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) or N-hydroxysuccinimide modified PLGA nanoparticles (PLGA-NHS) with mussel-inspired alginate-dopamine polymer (Alg-Dopa)...
December 4, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185495/impact-of-customary-fluoride-rinsing-solutions-on-the-pellicle-s-protective-properties-and-bioadhesion-in-situ
#3
A Kensche, J Kirsch, S Mintert, F Enders, S Pötschke, S Basche, B König, C Hannig, M Hannig
This study investigated the impact of customary fluoride based mouthrinses on the ultrastructure and the functional properties of the in situ pellicle, considering the prevention of erosion (8 volunteers) and initial biofilm formation (12 volunteers). Bovine enamel slabs were carried intraorally. After 1 min of pellicle formation, the subjects rinsed with elmex Kariesschutz (A), Dontodent Med Care (B), meridol (C) or elmex Zahnschmelzschutz Professional (D) for 1 min. In situ pellicle formation was continued up to 30 min/8 h before processing the slabs in vitro...
November 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185055/bioglue%C3%A2-induced-granuloma-causing-symptomatic-spinal-cord-compression-a-late-complication
#4
F T Rasul, D Tusnea, K M David
BioGlue® is an inert, bioadhesive surgical substance commonly used in spinal surgery to aid dural closure. The authors describe two cases in which the use of BioGlue® caused a local reaction culminating in the formation of a granuloma that caused cord compression several years after surgery in one case in which a second operation was required to relieve cord compression and remove the foreign material. In the other case spontaneous resolution occurred. To our knowledge these are the first reports of delayed spinal cord compression secondary to BioGlue®-induced granuloma...
November 28, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182855/bacterial-adhesion-to-ultrafiltration-membranes-role-of-hydrophilicity-natural-organic-matter-and-cell-surface-macromolecules
#5
Sara BinAhmed, Anissa Hasane, Zhaoxing Wang, Aslan Mansurov, Santiago Romero-Vargas Castrillón
Insight into the mechanisms underlying bacterial adhesion is critical to the formulation of membrane biofouling control strategies. Using AFM-based single-cell force spectroscopy, we investigated the interaction between Pseudomonas fluorescens, a biofilm-forming bacterium, and polysulfone (PSF) ultrafiltration (UF) membranes to unravel the mechanisms underlying early-stage membrane biofouling. We show that hydrophilic polydopamine (PDA) coatings decrease bacterial adhesion forces at short bacterium-membrane contact times...
November 28, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181833/influence-of-polymeric-carrier-on-the-disposition-and-retention-of-20-r-ginsenoside-rg3-loaded-swellable-microparticles-in-the-lung
#6
Xiuhua Wang, Xiao Zhang, Linlin Fan, Huan He, Xiaofei Zhang, Yuyang Zhang, Shirui Mao
The objective of this study was to investigate the influence of differently charged biocompatible polymers, including chitosan (CS), hyaluronic acid (HA), and hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC), on the disposition and retention of 20(R)-ginsenoside-rg3 (Rg3)-loaded swellable microparticles in the lung. A high-pressure homogenization method combined with spray drying was used to prepare Rg3-loaded microparticles. In vitro aerodynamic performance of different microparticles was characterized by the Next Generation Impactor (NGI)...
November 27, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178764/initial-microbial-colonization-of-enamel-in-children-with-different-levels-of-caries-activity-an-in-situ-study
#7
Susann Hertel, Alexandra Wolf, Sabine Basche, Gabriele Viergutz, Stefan Rupf, Matthias Hannig, Christian Hannig
PURPOSE: To investigate patterns of overnight in situ microbial colonization of enamel in children. METHODS: Overall, 29 children (aged 5-9 years) participated in the study. Nine were caries-free with no decayed, missing, or filled teeth (DMFT), 11 were caries-rehabilitated (DMFT ≥ 2, no active carious lesions), and nine were caries-active (DMFT ≥ 2, at least two carious lesions). Bovine enamel samples were fixed on individual upper jaw splints stored overnight in situ...
June 2017: American Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160627/native-and-microwave-modified-terminalia-mantaly-gums-as-sustained-release-and-bioadhesive-excipients-in-naproxen-matrix-tablet-formulations
#8
Michael Ayodele Odeniyi, Babatunde Mukhtar Oyedokun, Oluyemisi Adebowale Bamiro
BACKGROUND: Hydrophilic polymers provide a means of sustaining drug delivery. Native gums may be limited in function, but modification may improve their activity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate native and modified forms of Terminalia mantaly gum for their sustained-release and bioadhesive properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The native gum (NTM) was modified by microwave irradiation for 20 seconds (MTM20) and 60 seconds (MTM60) and characterized using microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and packing properties...
January 2017: Polimery W Medycynie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160625/evaluation-of-two-novel-plant-gums-for-bioadhesive-microsphere-and-sustained-release-formulations-of-metformin-hydrochloride
#9
John Oluwasogo Ayorinde, Michael Ayodele Odeniyi, Arvind K Bansal
BACKGROUND: The biological half life of metformin requires multiple doses which are associated with poor patient compliance. This justifies the need for a dosage form with reduced dosing frequency. OBJECTIVES: Gums from Enterolobium cyclocarpum and Cedrela odorata trees were evaluated in formulating bioadhesive microspheres containing metformin hydrochloride, for sustained drug release. Hydroxylpropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC) was the standard. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Microspheres were produced from formulations of API and either cedrela gum (FC), enterolobium gum (FE) or HPMC (FH), using a W/O solvent extraction technique...
January 2017: Polimery W Medycynie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159693/betahistine-dihydrochloride-transdermal-delivery-via-optimized-thermosensitive-gels-percutaneous-absorption-evaluation-using-rat-growth-as-a-biomarker
#10
Mohammed Hassan Elkomy, Shahira F El-Menshawe, Adel Ahmed Ali, Abdelkhalik Ali Halawa, Ahmed S G Srag El-Din
The aim of this study was to develop and optimize a betahistine dihydrochloride (BH) thermoreversible bioadhesive gel intended for transdermal delivery. The gels were obtained via cold method. A full factorial design was employed to investigate the joint effect of Poloxamer 407 concentration (18 and 20%), adhesive polymer type (Polyvinyl pyrolidone, Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, and Carbopol 934), and adhesive polymer concentration (0.5 and 1.5%) on gelling temperature, viscosity at 37 °C, and adhesion strength...
November 20, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134554/ex-vivo-rabbit-cornea-diffusion-studies-with-a-soluble-insert-of-moxifloxacin
#11
María Sebastián-Morelló, María Aracely Calatayud-Pascual, Vicent Rodilla, Cristina Balaguer-Fernández, Alicia López-Castellano
The objective of this research was to develop and evaluate an ocular insert for the controlled drug delivery of moxifloxacin which could perhaps be used in the treatment of corneal keratitis or even bacterial endophthalmitis. We have evaluated the ex vivo ocular diffusion of moxifloxacin through rabbit cornea, both fresh and preserved under different conditions. Histological studies were also carried out. Subsequently, drug matrix inserts were prepared using bioadhesive polymers. The inserts were evaluated for their physicochemical parameters...
November 13, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122714/diethanolamine-modified-pectin-based-core-shell-composites-as-dual-working-gastroretentive-drug-cargo
#12
Hriday Bera, Sanoj Kumar
The current study aimed at developing diethonolamine-modified high-methoxyl pectin (DMP)-alginate (ALG) based core-shell composites for controlled intragastric delivery of metformin HCl (MFM) by combined approach of floating and bioadhesion. DMP with degree of amidation of 48.72% was initially accomplished and characterized by FTIR, DSC and XRD analyses. MFM-loaded core matrices were then fabricated by ionotropic gelation technique employing zinc acetate as cross-linker. The core matrices were further coated by fenugreek gum (FG)-ALG gel membrane via diffusion-controlled interfacial complexation method...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118552/drugs-for-improving-esophageal-mucosa-defense-where-are-we-now-and-where-are-we-going
#13
REVIEW
Edoardo Savarino, Patrizia Zentilin, Elisa Marabotto, Gaia Pellegatta, Claudia Coppo, Matteo Brunacci, Pietro Dulbecco, Vincenzo Savarino
In the past, the attention of physiologists and doctors has been mainly focused on the key role of acid in the pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), but increasing evidence that 20-40% of reflux patients respond not at all or only partially to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) has underlined the concept that factors other than acid are implicated in its development and the elicitation of symptoms. Among these, impaired mucosal integrity, particularly in most patients with non-erosive reflux disease, has recently been reincluded and the reinforcement of defensive mechanisms and/or its protection has been reappointed as a renewed therapeutic target for the management of GERD patients...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105737/enhanced-tissue-adhesiveness-of-injectable-gelatin-hydrogels-through-dual-catalytic-activity-of-horseradish-peroxidase
#14
Thai Thanh Hoang Thi, Yunki Lee, Seung Bae Ryu, Dai Hai Nguyen, Ki Dong Park
Development of bioadhesives with tunable mechanical strength, high adhesiveness, biocompatibility, and injectability is greatly desirable in all surgeries to replace or complement the sutures and staples. Herein, the dual catalytic activity of horseradish peroxidase is exploited to in situ form the hydroxyphenyl propionic acid-gelatin/thiolated gelatin (GH/GS) adhesive hydrogels including two alternative crosslinks (phenol-phenol and disulfide bonds) with fast gelation (few seconds - several minutes) and improved physicochemical properties...
November 6, 2017: Biopolymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105648/effect-of-incorporating-clustered-silica-nanoparticles-on-the-performance-and-biocompatibility-of-catechol-containing-peg-based-bioadhesive
#15
Rattapol Pinnaratip, Hao Meng, Rupak Rajachar, Bruce P Lee
A composite adhesive capable of inducing cellular infiltration was prepared by incorporating control clustered silica microparticle (MP) derived from the aggregation of silica nanoparticle (NP) into a catechol-terminated poly(ethylene glycol) bioadhesive (PEG-DA). Incorporation of MP into PEG-DA significantly improved the mechanical and adhesive properties of the bioadhesive. There was no statistical difference between the measured values for NP- and MP-incorporated adhesives, indicating that MP was equally as effective in enhancing the material properties of PEG-DA as NP...
November 6, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066884/trans-resveratrol-loaded-nonionic-lamellar-liquid-crystalline-systems-structural-rheological-mechanical-textural-and-bioadhesive-characterization-and-evaluation-of-in-vivo-anti-inflammatory-activity
#16
Bruno Fonseca-Santos, Cínthia Yuka Satake, Giovana Maria Fioramonti Calixto, Aline Martins Dos Santos, Marlus Chorilli
Resveratrol (Res) is a common phytoalexin present in a few edible materials, such as grape skin, peanuts, and red wine. Evidence has shown the beneficial effects of Res on human health, which may be attributed to its anti-inflammatory activity. However, the poor aqueous solubility of Res limits its therapeutic effectiveness. Therefore, the use of nanostructured delivery systems for Res, such as liquid-crystalline systems, could be beneficial. In this study, we aimed to develop, characterize, and determine the in vivo effectiveness of Res-loaded liquid-crystalline systems...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986195/surface-modified-mucoadhesive-microgels-as-a-controlled-release-system-for-miconazole-nitrate-to-improve-localized-treatment-of-vulvovaginal-candidiasis
#17
Franklin C Kenechukwu, Anthony A Attama, Emmanuel C Ibezim, Petra O Nnamani, Chukwuebuka E Umeyor, Emmanuel M Uronnachi, Thaddeus H Gugu, Mumuni A Momoh, Kenneth C Ofokansi, Paul A Akpa
The use of conventional vaginal formulations of miconazole nitrate (MN) in the treatment of deep-seated VVC (vulvovaginal candidiasis) is limited by poor penetration capacity and low solubility of MN, short residence time and irritation at the application site. Surface-modified mucoadhesive microgels were developed to minimize local irritation, enhance penetration capacity and solubility and prolong localized vaginal delivery of MN for effective treatment of deep-seated VVC. Solid lipid microparticles (SLMs) were prepared from matrices consisting of hydrogenated palm oil (Softisan® 154, SF) and super-refined sunseed oil (SO) with or without polyethylene glycol (PEG)-4000, characterized for physicochemical performance and used to prepare mucoadhesive microgels (MMs) encapsulating MN, employing Polycarbophil as bioadhesive polymer...
October 4, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971375/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies-on-a-novel-bioadhesive-colloidal-system-cationic-liposomes-of-ibuprofen
#18
Xiumei Gai, Lizhen Cheng, Ting Li, Dandan Liu, Yanyan Wang, Tuanjie Wang, Weisan Pan, Xinggang Yang
The objective of this study was to develop an ocular drug delivery system built on the cationic liposomes, a novel bioadhesive colloidal system, which could enhance the precorneal residence time, ocular permeation, and bioavailability of ibuprofen. The optimal formulation of cationic liposomes prepared by ethanol injection method was ultimately confirmed by an orthogonal L9 (3(3)) test design. In addition, γ-scintigraphic technology and the microdialysis technique were utilized in the assessment of in vivo precorneal retention capability and ocular bioavailability individually...
October 2, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964952/preparation-and-characterization-of-intravaginal-vardenafil-suppositories-targeting-a-complementary-treatment-to-boost-in-vitro-fertilization-process
#19
Eman Gomaa, Amr S Abu Lila, Azza A Hasan, Fakhr-Eldin S Ghazy
Vaginal route has been recently considered as a potential route for systemic delivery of drugs with poor oral bioavailability. Vardenafil (VDF) is a relatively new phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor that exhibits a limited oral bioavailability (≈15%) due to extensive first-pass metabolism. In this study, we attempted to enhance the systemic bioavailability of VDF via its formulation within vaginal suppositories. Witepsol H15 and Suppocire NA50 were adopted as lipophilic suppository bases while polyethylene glycol 4000/400 and glycerogelatin were used as hydrophilic suppository bases...
September 28, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945033/-preparation-and-evaluation-of-gastric-adhesive-floating-pellets-for-bolo-leaf-phenols
#20
Ya-Li He, Ying Li, Dan-Dan Yang, Chun-Yan Zhu
Gastric adhesive-floating pellets for Bolo leaf phenols (BLP) were prepared by extrusion-spheronization method, with chitosan as skeleton bioadhesive material, and stearyl alcohol as help-bleaching agent to evaluate its in vitro adhesivity, floatability and in vivo retention situation, and investigate its in vitro release characteristics. The in vitro adhesivity and floatability were evaluated respectively by in vitro tissue retention method and visual observation method. The retention of pellets in rats was investigated by in vivo tissue retention method and in vivo imaging of small animals...
January 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
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