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Posttraumatic assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650685/colored-glasses-to-mitigate-photophobia-symptoms-posttraumatic-brain-injury
#1
Joseph Clark, Kim Hasselfeld, Katy Bigsby, Jon Divine
CONTEXT:   After a concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), patients often suffer from light sensitivity, or photophobia, which contributes to decreased quality of life post-mTBI. Whereas sunglasses may provide some relief from photophobia, they are not practical indoors or in low light. A light-mitigation strategy that can be easily used indoors as needed to optimize the relief. We have found that many photophobic patients experience relief using colored sunglasses. OBJECTIVE:   To provide the athletic trainer with a means and method to assess whether an athlete is suffering from photophobia after concussion and to determine if colored glasses provide relief...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650199/an-initial-application-of-a-biopsychosocial-framework-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-following-pediatric-injury
#2
Meghan L Marsac, Nancy Kassam-Adams, Douglas L Delahanty, Jeffrey Ciesla, Danielle Weiss, Keith F Widaman, Lamia P Barakat
OBJECTIVE: Each year millions of children suffer from unintentional injuries that result in poor emotional and physical health. This study examined selected biopsychosocial factors (i.e., child heart rate, peritrauma appraisals, early coping, trauma history) to elucidate their roles in promoting emotional recovery following injury. The study evaluated specific hypotheses that threat appraisals (global and trauma-specific) and coping would predict subsequent posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), that coping would mediate the association between early and later PTSS, and that heart rate would predict PTSS and appraisals would mediate this association...
June 26, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649671/early-life-stress-mood-and-anxiety-disorders
#3
Shariful A Syed, Charles B Nemeroff
Early life stress has been shown to exert profound short- and long-term effects on human physiology both in the central nervous system and peripherally. Early life stress has demonstrated clear association with many psychiatric disorders including major depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and bipolar disorder. The Diagnostic and Statistics Manuel of Mental Disorders (DSM) diagnostic categorical system has served as a necessary framework for clinical service, delivery, and research, however has not been completely matching the neurobiological research perspective...
February 2017: Chronic stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649383/impact-of-therapist-change-after-initial-contact-and-traumatic-burden-on-dropout-in-a-naturalistic-sample-of-inpatients-with-borderline-pathology-receiving-dialectical-behavior-therapy
#4
Carolin Steuwe, Michaela Berg, Martin Driessen, Thomas Beblo
BACKGROUND: This study focused on the predictors of therapy dropout in a naturalistic sample of patients with borderline pathology receiving dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) in an inpatient setting. We assumed that the change of the therapist between DBT-briefing and start of DBT-treatment as well as comorbid posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and childhood trauma history were associated with elevated dropout. METHODS: Eighty-nine participants with borderline pathology (≥ 3 borderline personality disorder criteria) receiving an inpatient DBT program completed a quality assurance questionnaire set assessing demographic information and pretreatment psychopathology during the days of their inpatient stay...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649302/differential-predictors-of-dsm-5-ptsd-and-icd-11-complex-ptsd-among-african-american-women
#5
Abigail Powers, Negar Fani, Sierra Carter, Dorthie Cross, Marylene Cloitre, Bekh Bradley
Background: Complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) is proposed for inclusion in the ICD-11 as a diagnosis distinct from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), reflecting deficits in affective, self-concept, and relational domains. There remains significant controversy over whether CPTSD provides useful diagnostic information beyond PTSD and other comorbid conditions, such as depression or substance use disorders. Objective: The present study examined differences in psychiatric presentation for three groups: traumatized controls, DSM-5 PTSD subjects, and ICD-11 CPTSD subjects...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646388/skin-conductance-reactivity-to-standardized-virtual-reality-combat-scenes-in-veterans-with-ptsd
#6
Mascha van 't Wout, Christopher M Spofford, William S Unger, Elizabeth B Sevin, M Tracie Shea
Interest in virtual reality (VR) as a clinical tool to augment posttraumatic stress (PTSD) treatment has grown substantially in recent years due to advances in VR technology. Moreover, its potential assisted use in the PTSD diagnostic process has been recognized. In this study we examined physiological responding, skin conductance, to a standardized presentation of non-personalized combat-related VR events (e.g. encountering enemy fire; explosions) as compared to non-combat classroom VR events in 19 Veterans with and 24 Veterans without combat-related PTSD who had been deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan...
June 23, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645572/longitudinal-associations-between-mental-health-conditions-and-overactive-bladder-in-women-veterans
#7
Catherine S Bradley, Ingrid E Nygaard, Stephen L Hillis, James C Torner, Anne G Sadler
BACKGROUND: One in five recently deployed U.S. women veterans report overactive bladder symptoms. Mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety commonly co-occur in women with overactive bladder, but temporal relationships between these outcomes have not been well-studied, and the mechanism behind this association is unknown. The Women Veterans Urinary Health Study, a nationwide longitudinal study in recently deployed women veterans, was designed to better understand relationships between overactive bladder and mental health conditions...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645017/examining-anxiety-sensitivity-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-ptsd-symptoms-and-suicide-risk-among-women-firefighters
#8
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Sally Spencer-Thomas, Thomas E Joiner
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms are associated with increased suicide risk. Anxiety sensitivity (AS)-the fear of anxiety-related sensations-is both a vulnerability factor for and consequence of PTSD symptoms. AS also predicts suicide risk. To our knowledge, no study has examined whether AS concerns account for the association between PTSD symptoms and suicide risk. METHOD: A total of 254 women firefighters completed a web-based mental health survey...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642253/military-related-sexual-assault-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-survey
#9
Kimberley Watkins, Rachel Bennett, Mark A Zamorski, Isabelle Richer
BACKGROUND: Most research on military-related sexual assault is based on the United States military and has important limitations, such as low response rates. We sought to estimate the lifetime prevalence of sexual assault, assess its relation to military service and identify the circumstances, correlates and associations with mental disorders of military-related sexual assault among Canadian military personnel. METHODS: We used the 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey, a cross-sectional representative survey of Canadian Regular Force personnel (n = 6696)...
June 22, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641358/-pain-treatment-after-thoracic-surgery
#10
Holger Hendrix, Vladimir Kamlak, Georgi Prisadov, Katrin Welcker
The treatment of pain after thoracic surgery is a challenge and takes place in the individual clinics mostly according to clinic internal standards. It exists no currently valid S3 guideline for the treatment of acute perioperative and posttraumatic pain. For an effective pain treatment as well individual pain experience as the pain intensity of the various thoracic surgical procedures must be considered. Regular pain assessment with appropriate methods and their documentation form the basis for adequate and adapted pain therapy...
June 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640037/epidemiology-of-major-depressive-disorder-disability-in-the-us-military-fy-2007-2012
#11
Elizabeth R Packnett, Hoda Elmasry, Christine F Toolin, David N Cowan, Michael R Boivin
This study assesses the incidence of major depressive disorder (MDD) disability discharge and retirement in the Army, Navy, Marine Corps and Air Force and describes MDD comorbidity. Service members with a disability discharge for either MDD (n = 2,882) or any nonpsychiatric disability (n = 56,145), between fiscal years 2007 and 2012, were included in the study population. Those with MDD disability at first evaluation but not at last evaluation were excluded. The incidence of MDD disability discharge increased significantly in the Army and Air Force between fiscal years 2007 and 2012...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638676/utilization-of-longitudinal-ultrasound-to-quantify-joint-soft-tissue-changes-in-a-mouse-model-of-posttraumatic-osteoarthritis
#12
Hao Xu, Echoe M Bouta, Ronald W Wood, Edward M Schwarz, Yongjun Wang, Lianping Xing
To assess the utility of longitudinal ultrasound (US) to quantify volumetric changes in joint soft tissues during the progression of posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) in mice, and validate the US results with histological findings. A longitudinal cohort of 3-month-old wild-type C57BL/6 male mice received the Hulth-Telhag surgical procedure on right knee to induce PTOA, and sham surgery on their left knee as control. US scans were performed on both knees before, 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks post-surgery. Joint space volume and Power-Doppler (PD) volume were obtained from US images via Amira software...
2017: Bone Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637083/changes-in-spiritual-well-being-and-psychological-outcomes-in-ovarian-cancer-survivors
#13
Lauren Z Davis, Michaela Cuneo, Premal H Thaker, Michael J Goodheart, David Bender, Susan Lutgendorf
OBJECTIVE: Because of the poor prognosis of ovarian cancer and concomitant distress, understanding contributors to positive well-being is critical. This study examines spiritual growth as a domain of posttraumatic growth and its contribution to longitudinal emotional outcomes in ovarian cancer. METHODS: Ovarian cancer patients (N=241) completed measures assessing spirituality (FACIT-SP-12; subscales: faith, meaning, and peace), depression (CESD), cancer-specific anxiety (IES), and total mood disturbance (TMD: POMS) prior to surgery and one-year post-surgery...
June 21, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636768/driving-aggression-and-anxiety-intersections-assessment-and-interventions
#14
Heidi M Zinzow, Stephanie M Jeffirs
OBJECTIVE: Driving aggression and anxiety are significant contributors to risky driving and motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), which are leading causes of U.S. morbidity and mortality. Even though aggression and anxiety can be conceptualized as related features of the fight-or-flight response, literature on these topics has not been integrated. Driving aggression and anxiety are also transdiagnostic constructs that span multiple psychiatric disorders. Assessment and treatment of these complex problems must be understood to reduce the public health burden of MVCs...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631412/psychopathology-in-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-their-mothers
#15
Aslı Sürer Adanir, Gülseren Taşkiran, O Alphan Küpesiz, Esin Özatalay
BACKGROUND: Bone Marrow Transplantation(BMT) is used to treat children with various hematologic, oncologic and metabolic diseases. While the treatment is lifesaving, it is also found to be related with anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and psychosocial problems both in children and parents. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychopathology in pediatric BMT survivors and their mothers compared to the healthy controls. All children were interviewed using Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for assessing the life-long psychopathology...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628792/sleep-disturbances-as-predictors-of-prolonged-exposure-therapy-effectiveness-among-veterans-with-ptsd
#16
Minden B Sexton, Kimberly M Avallone, Erin R Smith, Katherine E Porter, Lisham Ashrafioun, J Todd Arnedt, Sheila A M Rauch
Sleep disturbances (SD) are pronounced in Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In clinical trials, SD have been shown to limit the effectiveness of evidence-based treatments for non-PTSD disorders. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between pretreatment SD and the effectiveness of Prolonged Exposure (PE) therapy for Veterans with PTSD. Twenty-one Veterans completed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale upon presenting to a PTSD specialty clinic...
June 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628764/psychiatric-disorders-moderate-the-relationship-between-insomnia-and-cognitive-problems-in-military-soldiers
#17
Janeese A Brownlow, Elizabeth A Klingaman, Elaine M Boland, Glenna S Brewster, Philip R Gehrman
BACKGROUND: There has been a great deal of research on the comorbidity of insomnia and psychiatric disorders, but much of the existing data is based on small samples and does not assess the full diagnostic criteria for each disorder. Further, the exact nature of the relationship between these conditions and their impact on cognitive problems are under-researched in military samples. METHOD: Data were collected from the All Army Study of the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Service members (unweighted N = 21, 449; weighted N = 674,335; 18-61 years; 13...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627921/risk-factors-for-concurrent-suicidal-ideation-and-violent-impulses-in-military-veterans
#18
Eric B Elbogen, H Ryan Wagner, Nathan A Kimbrel, Mira Brancu, Jennifer Naylor, Robert Graziano, Eric Crawford
Suicide and violence are significant problems in a subset of Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans. This study investigates how posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and resilience in veterans are associated with suicidal ideation and violent impulses while controlling for known covariates of both adverse outcomes. Structured clinical interviews were conducted of N = 2,543 Iraq/Afghanistan-era U.S. veterans. Compared with veterans denying suicidal ideation or violent impulses (n = 1,927), veterans endorsing both (n = 171) were more likely to meet diagnostic criteria for PTSD, report childhood abuse, combat exposure, physical pain symptoms, and drug misuse, and less likely to endorse self-direction/life purpose...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627285/older-military-veteran-care-many-still-believe-they-are-forgotten
#19
Cathy Young, Patricia L Conard, Myrna L Armstrong, Darlene Lacy
BACKGROUND: Almost 44% of our nation's 23 million men and women veterans are 65 years of age or older. Most are proud of their service, yet many believe their services for our country were forgotten, especially those in combat between 1950 and 1975. PURPOSE: Further information to ultimately assist their holistic well-being will be important for nursing practice as countless older veterans are beginning to obtain more care within civilian facilities. Using the Korean War (1950-1953) as a backdrop to illustrate the interconnectiveness of older veteran physical, emotional, and spiritual concerns that can occur from a military deployment, the major purposes of this article are to provide a brief historical snapshot of that war and discuss prior-era military environmental situations that now are producing the lingering effects from their combat exposure...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626208/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-eliminates-association-of-trkb-rs1187327-with-hdl-c-in-chinese-han-adolescents
#20
Ting Cao, Qiwei Guo, Mi Su, Yue Feng, Mei Fan, Yanjun Si, Nazakat H Memon, Jia Lin, Dingzhi Fang
Tropomyosin-related kinase receptor B (TrkB) has been observed to be a common player in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the regulation of serum lipids levels. However, interplays of PTSD with TrkB on serum lipids levels have not been explored yet. This study was to investigate the interplays of PTSD and TrkB rs1187327 on serum lipid profiles. Variants of TrkB rs1187327 of 709 high school students were identified by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analyses and verified by DNA sequencing...
June 18, 2017: Bioscience Trends
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