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Posttraumatic assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088194/testing-a-cognitive-model-to-predict-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-childbirth
#1
Lydia King, Kirstie McKenzie-McHarg, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: One third of women describes their childbirth as traumatic and between 0.8 and 6.9% goes on to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The cognitive model of PTSD has been shown to be applicable to a range of trauma samples. However, childbirth is qualitatively different to other trauma types and special consideration needs to be taken when applying it to this population. Previous studies have investigated some cognitive variables in isolation but no study has so far looked at all the key processes described in the cognitive model...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087128/intranasal-oxytocin-to-prevent-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-emergency-department-patients
#2
Mirjam van Zuiden, Jessie L Frijling, Laura Nawijn, Saskia B J Koch, J Carel Goslings, Jan S Luitse, Tessa H Biesheuvel, Adriaan Honig, Dick J Veltman, Miranda Olff
BACKGROUND: There are currently few preventive interventions available for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Intranasal oxytocin administration early after trauma may prevent PTSD, because oxytocin administration was previously found to beneficially impact PTSD vulnerability factors, including neural fear responsiveness, peripheral stress reactivity, and socioemotional functioning. Therefore, we investigated the effects of intranasal oxytocin administration early after trauma on subsequent clinician-rated PTSD symptoms...
December 8, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079572/concurrent-treatment-of-ptsd-and-substance-use-disorders-using-prolonged-exposure-cope-a-pilot-study-in-alcohol-dependent-women
#3
Anna Persson, Sudie E Back, Therese K Killeen, Kathleen T Brady, Melanie L Schwandt, Markus Heilig, Åsa Magnusson
OBJECTIVES: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorders are highly comorbid. Effective treatments are largely lacking. This pilot study evaluated the safety and feasibility of a novel intervention, Concurrent Treatment of PTSD and Substance Use Disorders Using Prolonged Exposure (COPE), in preparation for a randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Twenty-two treatment-seeking women with current DSM-IV-TR PTSD and alcohol dependence (AD) were recruited...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078473/traumatic-atlantoaxial-rotatory-fixation-in-an-adult-patient
#4
María A García-Pallero, Cristina V Torres, Juan Delgado-Fernández, R G Sola
INTRODUCTION: Atlantoaxial rotational fixation (AARF) is a rare entity in adults, with only a few cases reported in the English literature and often associated with a traumatic mechanism. It is an underdiagnosed condition that must be taken into account in the initial assessment of all craniocervical trauma. Both diagnostic and therapeutic delay may be a potential cause of severe neurological damage or even death of the patient. The therapeutic management is controversial given the difficulty of achieving optimum stability and permanent reduction...
January 11, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078194/trauma-exposed-latina-immigrants-networks-a-social-network-analysis-approach
#5
Alejandra Hurtado-de-Mendoza, Adriana Serrano, Felisa A Gonzales, Nicole C Fernandez, Mark Cabling, Stacey Kaltman
OBJECTIVE: Trauma exposure among Latina immigrants is common. Social support networks can buffer the impact of trauma on mental health. This study characterizes the social networks of trauma-exposed Latina immigrants using a social network analysis perspective. METHODS: In 2011-2012 a convenience sample (n=28) of Latina immigrants with trauma exposure and presumptive depression or posttraumatic stress disorder was recruited from a community clinic in Washington DC...
November 2016: Journal of Latina/o Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077744/neuropsychiatric-outcomes-after-mefloquine-exposure-among-u-s-military-service-members
#6
Angelia A Eick-Cost, Zheng Hu, Patricia Rohrbeck, Leslie L Clark
Mefloquine was widely prescribed to U.S. military service members until 2009 when use was limited to personnel with contraindications to doxycycline and no contraindications to mefloquine. The need to estimate the occurrence of neuropsychiatric outcomes (NPOs) in service members prescribed mefloquine warranted a comprehensive evaluation of this issue. Active component service members filling a prescription for mefloquine, doxycycline, or atovaquone/proguanil (A/P) between January 1, 2008 and June 30, 2013, were included in the analysis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076671/a-randomized-trial-of-collaborative-care-for-perinatal-depression-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-women-the-impact-of-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#7
Nancy K Grote, Wayne J Katon, Joan E Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Mary Curran, Erin Galvin, Kathy Carson
OBJECTIVE: The comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with antenatal depression poses increased risks for postpartum depression and may delay or diminish response to evidence-based depression care. In a secondary analysis of an 18-month study of collaborative care for perinatal depression, the authors hypothesized that pregnant, depressed, socioeconomically disadvantaged women with comorbid PTSD would show more improvement in the MOMCare intervention providing Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy and/or antidepressants, compared to intensive public health Maternity Support Services (MSS-Plus)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076641/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-checklist-5-pcl-5-and-life-events-checklist-5-lec-5-for-the-brazilian-context
#8
Eduardo de Paula Lima, Alina Gomide Vasconcelos, William Berger, Christian Haag Kristensen, Elizabeth do Nascimento, Ivan Figueira, Mauro Vitor Mendlowicz
Objective: To describe the process of cross-cultural adaptation of the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist 5 (PCL-5) and the Life Events Checklist 5 (LEC-5) for the Brazilian sociolinguistic context. Method: The adaptation process sought to establish conceptual, semantic, and operational equivalence between the original items of the questionnaire and their translated versions, following standardized protocols. Initially, two researchers translated the original version of the scale into Brazilian Portuguese...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076021/radiologic-assessment-of-native-renal-vasculature-a-multimodality-review
#9
Sayf Al-Katib, Monisha Shetty, Syed Mohammad A Jafri, Syed Zafar H Jafri
A wide range of clinically important anatomic variants and pathologic conditions may affect the renal vasculature, and radiologists have a pivotal role in the diagnosis and management of these processes. Because many of these entities may not be suspected clinically, renal artery and vein assessment is an essential application of all imaging modalities. An understanding of the normal vascular anatomy is essential for recognizing clinically important anatomic variants. An understanding of the protocols used to optimize imaging modalities also is necessary...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072836/pre-migration-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-functioning-among-central-american-migrants-arriving-at-the-us-border
#10
Allen Keller, Amy Joscelyne, Megan Granski, Barry Rosenfeld
In recent years, increasing numbers of families and individuals have arrived at the U.S. border from Central America, in particular, from Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. This study sought to examine pre-migration trauma exposure and current mental health functioning of migrant families arriving at the U.S. border from the Northern Triangle region, with specific attention to the reasons offered for leaving their home country and the frequency with which migrant families appear to satisfy legal criteria for asylum We interviewed 234 adults in McAllen, Texas, using a structured interview and standardized questionnaires to assess exposure to trauma prior to migration, reasons for leaving their home country and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072503/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-cognitive-function-in-a-large-cohort-of-middle-aged-women
#11
Jennifer A Sumner, Kaitlin Hagan, Fran Grodstein, Andrea L Roberts, Brian Harel, Karestan C Koenen
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been linked to cognitive decline, but research in women is generally lacking. We examined whether trauma and elevated PTSD symptoms were associated with worse cognitive function in middle-aged civilian women. A secondary objective was to investigate the possible role of depression in the relation of PTSD symptoms to cognitive function. METHODS: The sample comprised 14,029 middle-aged women in the Nurses' Health Study II...
January 10, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072467/a-cross-lagged-panel-study-of-dissociation-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-a-treatment-seeking-sample-of-survivors-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#12
Siobhan Murphy, Ask Elklit, Jamie Murphy, Philip Hyland, Mark Shevlin
OBJECTIVE: The current prospective study assessed the temporal relations between dissociation and posttraumatic stress (PTS) in a sample of treatment-seeking female survivors of childhood sexual abuse. PTS refers to symptoms associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the absence of a clinical diagnosis of PTSD. METHOD: Initial assessment was on average 23 years after the onset of abuse (N = 405), and participants were followed-up after 6 months (N = 245) and 12 months (N = 119)...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068141/ethnoracial-differences-in-ptsd-symptoms-and-trauma-related-cognitions-in-treatment-seeking-active-duty-military-personnel-for-ptsd
#13
Brittany N Hall-Clark, Antonia N Kaczkurkin, Anu Asnaani, Jody Zhong, Alan L Peterson, Jeffrey S Yarvis, Elisa V Borah, Katherine A Dondanville, Elizabeth A Hembree, Brett T Litz, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Edna B Foa
OBJECTIVE: It is uncertain whether ethnoracial factors should be considered by clinicians assessing and treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among service members. The purpose of this study was to shed light on ethnoracial variation in the presentation of PTSD symptoms, trauma-related cognitions, and emotions among treatment-seeking active duty military personnel. METHOD: Participants were 303 male active duty military members with PTSD participating in a clinical trial (60% were self-identified as White, 19% as African American, and 21% as Hispanic/Latino)...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068140/mental-strategies-as-mediators-of-the-link-between-attachment-and-ptsd
#14
Paulo Correia Ferrajão, Deborah Badoud, Rui Aragão Oliveira
The authors analyzed the relationship between attachment dimensions (avoidance and anxiety) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms through the mediation of the mental strategies organization, that is, behavioral and intrapsychic strategies used to cope with traumatic events and symptoms, among a sample of war veterans. Sample was composed of Portuguese war veterans (N = 60): 30 veterans suffered from chronic PTSD (nonrecovered) and 30 veterans had remission from PTSD (recovered). Assessment of mental strategies was retrieved from 1 interview assessed by 3 judges, and attachment patterns and PTSD symptoms were assessed through self-report measures...
January 9, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068120/daily-associations-between-ptsd-drinking-and-self-appraised-alcohol-related-problems
#15
Sarah M Wilson, Marketa Krenek, Paul A Dennis, Samantha S Yard, Kendall C Browne, Tracy L Simpson
Alcohol dependence (AD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are highly comorbid, yet limited research has focused on PTSD and daily drinking as they relate to self-appraised alcohol-related problems. In treatment contexts, patients' appraisals of alcohol-related problems have implications for assessment, intervention strategies, and prognosis. This study investigated the moderating effect of within-person (daily symptoms) and between-person (overall severity) differences in PTSD on the association between daily drinking and same-day alcohol-related problems...
January 9, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065208/mental-health-and-psychosocial-problems-in-the-aftermath-of-the-nepal-earthquakes-findings-from-a-representative-cluster-sample-survey
#16
J C Kane, N P Luitel, M J D Jordans, B A Kohrt, I Weissbecker, W A Tol
AIMS: Two large earthquakes in 2015 caused widespread destruction in Nepal. This study aimed to examine frequency of common mental health and psychosocial problems and their correlates following the earthquakes. METHODS: A stratified multi-stage cluster sampling design was employed to randomly select 513 participants (aged 16 and above) from three earthquake-affected districts in Nepal: Kathmandu, Gorkha and Sindhupalchowk, 4 months after the second earthquake. Outcomes were selected based on qualitative preparatory research and included symptoms of depression and anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25); post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD Checklist-Civilian); hazardous alcohol use (AUDIT-C); symptoms indicating severe psychological distress (WHO-UNHCR Assessment Schedule of Serious Symptoms in Humanitarian Settings (WASSS)); suicidal ideation (Composite International Diagnostic Interview); perceived needs (Humanitarian Emergency Settings Perceived Needs Scale (HESPER)); and functional impairment (locally developed scale)...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055082/association-of-dsm-iv-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-traumatic-experience-type-and-history-in-the-world-health-organization-world-mental-health-surveys
#17
Howard Liu, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Evelyn J Bromet, Giovanni de Girolamo, Josep Maria Haro, Hristo Hinkov, Norito Kawakami, Karestan C Koenen, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Siobhan O'Neill, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Kate M Scott, Victoria Shahly, Dan J Stein, Margreet Ten Have, Yolanda Torres, Oye Gureje, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
Importance: Previous research has documented significant variation in the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) depending on the type of traumatic experience (TE) and history of TE exposure, but the relatively small sample sizes in these studies resulted in a number of unresolved basic questions. Objective: To examine disaggregated associations of type of TE history with PTSD in a large cross-national community epidemiologic data set. Design, Setting, and Participants: The World Health Organization World Mental Health surveys assessed 29 TE types (lifetime exposure, age at first exposure) with DSM-IV PTSD that was associated with 1 randomly selected TE exposure (the random TE) for each respondent...
January 4, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046858/su-f-i-68-longitudinal-neurochemical-changes-on-rat-prefrontal-cortex-of-single-prolonged-stress-model-by-using-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-at-9-4t
#18
S-I Lim, K-H Song, C-H Yoo, D-C Woo, B-Y Choe
PURPOSE: Single prolonged stress (SPS) is an animal model of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, it has not been known how PTSD develops from the first exposure to traumatic events and neurochemical differences between acute/single stress and PTSD-triggering stress. Therefore, the object of this study is to determine time-dependent neurochemical changes in prefrontal cortex (PFC) of rats using in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=14; body weight=200-220g) were used...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045882/longitudinal-study-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-community-risk-and-recovery-factors
#19
Bojana Pejuskovic, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Oliver Toskovic
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a multicausal phenomenon and a final end point of the combination of a number of potential causes. Our study aimed to examine potential risk and recovery factors of PTSD in general adult population at 1-year follow-up period. The sample consisted of 640 subjects in the initial phase, chosen by random walk technique in five regions of the country, and 100 in the follow-up. The assessment has been carried out by the following instruments: Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview, Life Stressor Checklist-Revised, Brief Symptom Inventory, and Manchester Short Assessment of Quality of Life Scale...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040368/internet-based-information-and-support-program-for-parents-of-children-with-burns-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Josefin Sveen, Gerhard Andersson, Bo Buhrman, Folke Sjöberg, Mimmie Willebrand
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility and effects of an internet-based information and self-help program with therapist contact for parents of children and adolescents with burns. The program aimed to reduce parents' symptoms of general and posttraumatic stress. METHODS: Participants were parents of children treated for burns between 2009-2013 at either of the two specialized Swedish Burn centers. Sixty-two parents were included in a two-armed, randomized controlled trial with a six-week intervention group and a wait-list control group, including a pre and post-assessment, as well as a 3 and 12-month follow-up...
December 28, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
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