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Posttraumatic assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239485/protocol-for-the-evaluation-of-a-digital-storytelling-approach-to-address-stigma-and-improve-readiness-to-seek-services-among-veterans
#1
Brian E Bunnell, Tatiana M Davidson, Jessica L Hamblen, Danna L Cook, Anouk L Grubaugh, Brian E Lozano, Peter W Tuerk, Kenneth J Ruggiero
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that at least 10% of veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan meet criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) related to their military experiences. National dissemination initiatives have increased veterans' access to best-practice interventions. However, treatment-seeking remains low among veterans with PTSD, often due to perceived stigma and other associated barriers. The National Center for PTSD recently developed and launched AboutFace, a digital storytelling (DST) resource designed to help veterans recognize PTSD and motivate them to seek evidence-based treatment...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230736/measuring-experiential-avoidance-evidence-toward-multidimensional-predictors-of-trauma-sequelae
#2
Meaghan Lewis, Amy Naugle
The current study sought to investigate measurement discrepancies in self-report assessment of experiential avoidance (EA). Recent research indicates that EA may be more appropriately conceptualized as a multidimensional construct, operationally defined in terms of specific avoidance strategies. To test this notion, EA was measured using two self-report assessment instruments, the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II) and the Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire (MEAQ) in a convenience sample of university students...
February 20, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226283/social-ecological-correlates-of-polyvictimization-among-a-national-sample-of-transgender-genderqueer-and-cisgender-sexual-minority-adolescents
#3
Paul R Sterzing, G Allen Ratliff, Rachel E Gartner, Briana L McGeough, Kelly C Johnson
Polyvictimization is a common experience for youth in the United States, with 20% nationally experiencing five or more different forms of victimization in the last year. Utilizing a large, national convenience sample of sexual and gender minority adolescents (N = 1177, 14-19 years old), the current study aimed to (a) generate the first estimates of last year polyvictimization (including nine victimization subtypes) for transgender, genderqueer, and cisgender (i.e., assigned birth sex aligns with gender identity) sexual minority adolescents and (b) identify social ecological correlates of last year polyvictimization...
February 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221710/mobile-assessment-of-heightened-skin-conductance-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Rebecca Hinrichs, Vasiliki Michopoulos, Sterling Winters, Alex O Rothbaum, Barbara O Rothbaum, Kerry J Ressler, Tanja Jovanovic
BACKGROUND: Increased psychophysiological reactivity is a hallmark intermediate phenotype of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Individuals with PTSD exhibit greater skin conductance (SC) responses to trauma scripts than trauma survivors without PTSD. However, trauma scripts require time for development and cannot be easily used in a single visit. Thus, there is a need for a low-cost, easy-to-use, SC recording protocol for PTSD assessment. METHODS: Using a mobile device (eSense) connected to a portable tablet computer, we assessed SC reactivity to a standard trauma interview (STI) in 63 participants recruited from Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta, GA, approximately 1 year after trauma exposure...
February 21, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221237/ptsd-orientation-to-pain-and-pain-perception-in-ex-prisoners-of-war-who-underwent-torture
#5
Noga Tsur, Ruth Defrin, Karni Ginzburg
OBJECTIVE: Studies suggest that torture survivors often suffer long-term chronic pain and increased pain perception. However, it is unclear whether the actual experience of torture, or rather the subsequent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), explains these pain problems. Furthermore, while catastrophic and fearful orientations to pain have been suggested to play a significant role in the association between trauma and pain, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. This study examined whether chronic pain and pain perception among torture survivors are associated with torture experience or PTSD and whether catastrophic and fearful orientations mediate or moderate these associations...
February 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221061/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-smartphone-app-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms
#6
Eric Kuhn, Nitya Kanuri, Julia E Hoffman, Donn W Garvert, Josef I Ruzek, C Barr Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is highly prevalent in the population, but relatively few affected individuals receive treatment for it. Smartphone applications (apps) could help address this unmet need by offering sound psychoeducational information and evidence-based cognitive behavioral coping tools. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of a free, publicly available smartphone app (PTSD Coach) for self-management of PTSD symptoms. METHOD: One hundred 20 participants who were an average of 39 years old, mostly women (69...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219400/alleviation-of-secondary-brain-injury-posttraumatic-inflammation-and-brain-edema-formation-by-inhibition-of-factor-xiia
#7
Sarah Hopp, Marc W Nolte, Christian Stetter, Christoph Kleinschnitz, Anna-Leena Sirén, Christiane Albert-Weissenberger
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a devastating neurological condition and a frequent cause of permanent disability. Posttraumatic inflammation and brain edema formation, two pathological key events contributing to secondary brain injury, are mediated by the contact-kinin system. Activation of this pathway in the plasma is triggered by activated factor XII. Hence, we set out to study in detail the influence of activated factor XII on the abovementioned pathophysiological features of TBI...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217850/correlates-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#8
Bahareh Eslami
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to compare the level of posttraumatic stress disorder between adults with and without congenital heart disease, and to examine the correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder (e.g., sociodemographics). DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Two university-affiliated heart hospitals in Tehran, Iran. PATIENTS: A sample of 347 adults with congenital heart disease aged 18-64 years (52% women), and 353 adults without congenital heart disease matched by sex and age (±2 years) was recruited...
February 20, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216754/transfibular-ankle-arthrodesis-a-novel-method-for-ankle-fusion-a-short-term-retrospective-study
#9
S Muthukumar Balaji, V Selvaraj, Sathish Devadoss, Annamalai Devadoss
BACKGROUND: Ankle arthrodesis has long been the traditional operative treatment for posttraumatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, infection, neuromuscular conditions, and salvage of failed ankle arthroplasty. It remains the treatment of choice for patients in whom heavy and prolonged activity is anticipated. We present our short term followup study of functional outcome of patients who underwent transfibular ankle arthrodesis for arthritis of ankle due to various indications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 29 transfibular ankle arthrodesis in 29 patients performed between April 2009 and April 2014 were included in this study...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210542/dynamic-association-between-perfusion-and-white-matter-integrity-across-time-since-injury-in-veterans-with-history-of-tbi
#10
Alexandra L Clark, Katherine J Bangen, Scott F Sorg, Dawn M Schiehser, Nicole D Evangelista, Benjamin McKenna, Thomas T Liu, Lisa Delano-Wood
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral blood flow (CBF) plays a critical role in the maintenance of neuronal integrity, and CBF alterations have been linked to deleterious white matter changes. Although both CBF and white matter microstructural alterations have been observed within the context of traumatic brain injury (TBI), the degree to which these pathological changes relate to one another and whether this association is altered by time since injury have not been examined. The current study therefore sought to clarify associations between resting CBF and white matter microstructure post-TBI...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210229/longitudinal-associations-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-severity-and-personality-disorder-features-among-female-rape-survivors
#11
Michelle J Bovin, Erika J Wolf, Patricia A Resick
This study evaluated how change in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms was associated with residualized change in comorbid personality disorder (PD) features and vice versa over the course of 5-10 years. The sample was comprised of 79 female rape survivors who met criteria for PTSD and who were a part of a larger study examining the effects of trauma-focused therapy. PTSD was assessed with the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) version of the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale [CAPS-IV (1)] and PD features were assessed with the DSM-IV dimensional PD scales on the Schedule for Non-adaptive and Adaptive Personality [SNAP (2)]...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209155/intranasal-oxytocin-reduces-provoked-symptoms-in-female-patients-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-despite-exerting-sympathomimetic-and-positive-chronotropic-effects-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
M Sack, D Spieler, L Wizelman, G Epple, J Stich, M Zaba, U Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe psychiatric disease accompanied by neuroendocrine changes such as adrenergic overdrive and hence an elevated cardiovascular morbidity. Current pharmacotherapeutic options for PTSD are less than suboptimal, necessitating the development of PTSD-specific drugs. Although the neuropeptide oxytocin has been repeatedly suggested to be effective in PTSD treatment, there are, to our knowledge, only three studies that have assessed its efficacy on the intensity of PTSD symptoms in PTSD patients - among them one symptom provocation study in male veterans...
February 17, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207775/the-contribution-of-gender-based-violence-and-network-trauma-to-gender-differences-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#13
Derrick Silove, Jess R Baker, Mohammed Mohsin, Maree Teesson, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes, Natacha Carragher, Tim Slade, Katherine Mills, Richard Bryant, Alexander McFarlane, Zachary Steel, Kim Felmingham, Susan Rees
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurs twice as commonly amongst women as men. Two common domains of trauma, network trauma and gender based violence (GBV), may contribute to this gender difference in PTSD rates. We examined data from a nationally representative sample of the Australian population to clarify the characteristics of these two trauma domains in their contributions to PTSD rates in men and women. METHODS: We drew on data from the 2007 Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being to assess gender differences across a comprehensive range of trauma domains, including (1) prevalence of lifetime exposure; (2) identification of an index trauma or DSM-IV Criterion A event; and (3) the likelihood of developing full DSM-IV PTSD symptoms once an index trauma was identified...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206785/relationships-among-traumatic-experiences-ptsd-and-posttraumatic-growth-for-police-officers-a-path-analysis
#14
Brian A Chopko, Patrick A Palmieri, Richard E Adams
OBJECTIVE: Law enforcement officers tend to be exposed to a high frequency of potentially traumatic incidents. A dichotomous distinction among these events involves the witnessing of threat or harm to others and the experiencing of threat or harm directly to oneself. Past research suggests that different types of trauma exposure produce varying levels of negative posttraumatic responses including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and positive outcomes such as posttraumatic growth (PTG)...
February 16, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205470/arthrodesis-of-little-finger-distal-interphalangeal-joint-in-flexion-to-regain-sporting-ability
#15
S M Beecher, D E O'Briain, J P Ng, E Murphy, M E O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Finger injuries are common in the sport of hurling. Injury to the little finger distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) often occurs when a high dropping ball impacts on the outstretched finger. The little finger contributes to approximately 15% of grip strength. Injury therefore results in reduced grip strength and may impair the ability of players to grip or catch a ball. METHODS: Six elite hurlers with post-traumatic arthritis of their non-dominant little finger DIPJ underwent arthrodesis in 30 degrees of flexion...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199913/new-dsm-5-ptsd-guilt-and-shame-symptoms-among-italian-earthquake-survivors-impact-on-maladaptive-behaviors
#16
Claudia Carmassi, Carlo Antonio Bertelloni, Camilla Gesi, Ciro Conversano, Paolo Stratta, Gabriele Massimetti, Alessandro Rossi, Liliana Dell'Osso
Important changes were introduced concerning posttraumatic-stress disorder (PTSD) by the DSM-5 recognizing the role of negative emotions such as guilt and shame, but little evidence is yet available on their prevalence in population assessed by means of DSM-5 criteria. In this study we explored the rates of guilt and shame DSM-5 PTSD diagnostic symptoms among Italian survivors to a massive earthquake and their possible correlation with PTSD and maladaptive behaviors. 869 residents of the town of L'Aquila exposed to the earthquake of April 6th, 2009 were investigated by the Trauma and Loss Spectrum-Self Report (TALS-SR) with particular attention to guilt and shame feelings...
November 22, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195960/a-prospective-analysis-of-olfactory-impairment-recovery-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Melanie Drummond, Jacinta Douglas, John Olver
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the natural progression of olfactory impairment (OI) in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) at 6 months postinjury. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-seven adults (mean age = 43.1 years, SD = 18.2), with predominantly severe TBI (mean posttraumatic amnesia [PTA] duration = 25.5 days, SD = 22.8). DESIGN: Consecutive admission longitudinal study. MAIN MEASURES: Participants were evaluated using the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) at resolution of PTA and at 6 months post-initial injury...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194831/comparing-two-processing-pipelines-to-measure-subcortical-and-cortical-volumes-in-patients-with-and-without-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#18
Matthew W Reid, Nathan P Hannemann, Gerald E York, John L Ritter, Jonathan A Kini, Jeffrey D Lewis, Paul M Sherman, Carmen S Velez, Ann Marie Drennon, Jacob D Bolzenius, David F Tate
PURPOSE: To compare volumetric results from NeuroQuant® and FreeSurfer in a service member setting. Since the advent of medical imaging, quantification of brain anatomy has been a major research and clinical effort. Rapid advancement of methods to automate quantification and to deploy this information into clinical practice has surfaced in recent years. NeuroQuant® is one such tool that has recently been used in clinical settings. Accurate volumetric data are useful in many clinical indications; therefore, it is important to assess the intermethod reliability and concurrent validity of similar volume quantifying tools...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194719/the-impact-of-ptsd-on-functioning-in-patients-seeking-treatment-for-chronic-pain-and-validation-of-the-posttraumatic-diagnostic-scale
#19
Sophia Åkerblom, Sean Perrin, Marcelo Rivano Fischer, Lance M McCracken
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the psychometric properties of a Swedish version of the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS); to investigate the prevalence of traumatic experiences, trauma types, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a sample of patients seeking treatment for chronic pain; and to examine how indices of pain-related functioning vary with a history of traumatic exposure and PTSD diagnostic status. METHOD: Participants were 463 consecutive patients with chronic pain referred for assessment at the Pain Rehabilitation Unit at Skåne University Hospital...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191985/network-models-of-dsm-5-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-implications-for-icd-11
#20
Karen S Mitchell, Erika J Wolf, Michelle J Bovin, Lewina O Lee, Jonathan D Green, Raymond C Rosen, Terence M Keane, Brian P Marx
Recent proposals for revisions to the 11th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnostic criteria have argued that the current symptom constellation under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 is unwieldy and includes many symptoms that overlap with other disorders. The newly proposed criteria for the ICD-11 include only 6 symptoms. However, restricting the symptoms to those included in the ICD-11 has implications for PTSD diagnosis prevalence estimates, and it remains unclear whether these 6 symptoms are most strongly associated with a diagnosis of PTSD...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
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