keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Victimization

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214362/is-there-an-association-between-verbal-school-bullying-and-possible-sleep-bruxism-in-adolescents
#1
Junia Maria Serra-Negra, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Patricia Corrêa-Faria, Livia Bonfim Fulgêncio, Saul Martins Paiva, Daniele Manfredini
The aim of this study was to determine the association between verbal school bullying and possible sleep bruxism (SB) in adolescents. A case-control study was carried out at the population level by recruiting 13- to 15-year old participants among the attendants of schools of Itabira, Brazil. The case group was composed of 103 adolescents with possible SB (i.e., self- or parental-reported), while the control group included 206 adolescents without possible SB. All participants answered a questionnaire on the occurrence of their involvement in verbal school bullying episodes, based on the National School of Health Research (PeNSE) as well as an evaluation of their economic class according to the criteria of the Brazilian Association of Research Companies...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214013/lifetime-prevalence-and-incidence-of-sexual-victimization-of-adolescents-in-institutional-care
#2
Marc Allroggen, Thea Rau, Jeannine Ohlert, Jörg M Fegert
The frequency of sexual victimization in high-risk populations like adolescents in institutional care has hardly been studied. In this study, we report lifetime prevalence and incidence from a nationwide German sample including 322 adolescents (mean age 16.69 years, 43% female) from 20 residential care facilities and 12 boarding schools. Lifetime prevalence for severe sexual victimization (in and outside of institution) was 46.7% for girls and 8.0% for boys. Moreover, 5% of all adolescents experienced severe sexual victimization for the first time after they were admitted to the current institution (mean duration of stay in the current institution 3...
February 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213850/gamma-hydroxybutyrate-ghb-content-in-hair-samples-correlates-negatively-with-age-in-succinic-semialdehyde-dehydrogenase-deficiency
#3
S S Johansen, X Wang, D Sejer Pedersen, P L Pearl, J-B Roullet, G R Ainslie, K R Vogel, K M Gibson
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a drug of abuse, an approved therapeutic for narcolepsy, an agent employed for facilitation of sexual assault, as well as a biomarker of succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase deficiency (SSADHD). Our laboratory seeks to identify surrogate biomarkers in SSADHD that can shed light on the developmental course of this neurometabolic disease. Since GHB may be quantified in hair as a potential surrogate to identify victims of drug-related assault, we have opted to examine its level in SSADHD...
February 18, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212900/basic-educational-needs-of-midwifery-students-for-taking-the-role-of-an-assistance-in-disaster-situations-a-cross-sectional-study-in-iran
#4
Z Taghizadeh, M Khoshnam Rad, A Montazeri
BACKGROUND: After disasters, the disaster medical assistance team composed of skilful healthcare staff should be available at the disaster site for providing care to disaster's victims. It is believed that midwives are at the front line of the disaster management team and should be prepared for providing care to mothers and children. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the midwifery students' basic educational needs for taking the role of an assistant in disaster situations...
January 22, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212195/suicide-in-guyana-nurses-perspectives
#5
Maureen Anthony, Carla Groh, Jean Gash
Guyana, an English-speaking country on the north coast of South America, has the highest suicide rate in the world. Nurses are an integral part of the healthcare team working with patients experiencing psychological distress and are uniquely qualified to add to the discourse on factors contributing to the high suicide rate in Guyana. The purpose of this study was to explore the attitudes and experiences of nurses and nurse assistants in Guyana related to suicide. Nine registered nurses and nurse assistants who worked at a private hospital in Georgetown, Guyana, were recruited to participate in a focus group...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212194/creating-a-victim-notification-protocol-for-untested-sexual-assault-kits-an-empirically-supported-planning-framework
#6
Rebecca Campbell, Giannina Fehler-Cabral, Sheena Horsford
In cities throughout the United States, hundreds of thousands of sexual assault kits (SAKs) have not been submitted by the police for forensic DNA testing. Given recent media attention and public outcry about this problem, many jurisdictions with large numbers of untested SAKs are deciding to test all previously unsubmitted SAKs, which raises complex issues regarding when and how victims ought to be notified about what has happened to the kits that were collected during their medical forensic examinations. In this project, we collaborated with one community that has had large numbers of untested SAKs-Detroit, Michigan-to develop an empirically supported planning framework for how to create a victim notification protocol...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212131/psychometric-properties-of-a-new-instrument-for-assessing-irrational-thoughts-in-burn-victims-scale-of-irrational-thoughts-after-burn-injuries
#7
Zahra Zare, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Fatemeh Ranjbar, Diana Stark Ekman, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Hemmat Maghsoudi, Robert Ekman, Farideh Nasiri
The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a scale for assessing irrational thoughts among burned patients. The present study was mixed (qualitative-methodologic) which was performed in several stages such as investigating similar or related scales, interviewing with patients and psychologists. Content validity was calculated by modified KAPPA basis on relevance and clarity. The reliability of the scale was measured using internal consistency and the test-retest method. To determine the construct validity, exploratory factor analysis approach using maximum likelihood extraction with varimax rotation was conducted...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211836/workplace-violence-and-the-meaning-of-work-in-healthcare-workers-a-phenomenological-study
#8
Josianne Lamothe, Stephane Guay
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence (WPV) has been associated with turnover intentions and reduced job satisfaction, yet the mechanisms behind such associations are still nebulous. Studying the way people make sense of their work in the context of WPV could lead to a better understanding of its consequences. PURPOSE: The objective of this exploratory study is to identify key features of meaning of work (MOW) in a group of healthcare workers and explain how these features can change following an act of WPV...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210973/renal-drug-transporters-and-drug-interactions
#9
REVIEW
Anton Ivanyuk, Françoise Livio, Jérôme Biollaz, Thierry Buclin
Transporters in proximal renal tubules contribute to the disposition of numerous drugs. Furthermore, the molecular mechanisms of tubular secretion have been progressively elucidated during the past decades. Organic anions tend to be secreted by the transport proteins OAT1, OAT3 and OATP4C1 on the basolateral side of tubular cells, and multidrug resistance protein (MRP) 2, MRP4, OATP1A2 and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) on the apical side. Organic cations are secreted by organic cation transporter (OCT) 2 on the basolateral side, and multidrug and toxic compound extrusion (MATE) proteins MATE1, MATE2/2-K, P-glycoprotein, organic cation and carnitine transporter (OCTN) 1 and OCTN2 on the apical side...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210919/prevalence-of-past-year-sexual-assault-victimization-among-undergraduate-students-exploring-differences-by-and-intersections-of-gender-identity-sexual-identity-and-race-ethnicity
#10
Robert W S Coulter, Christina Mair, Elizabeth Miller, John R Blosnich, Derrick D Matthews, Heather L McCauley
A critical step in developing sexual assault prevention and treatment is identifying groups at high risk for sexual assault. We explored the independent and interaction effects of sexual identity, gender identity, and race/ethnicity on past-year sexual assault among college students. From 2011 to 2013, 71,421 undergraduate students from 120 US post-secondary education institutions completed cross-sectional surveys. We fit multilevel logistic regression models to examine differences in past-year sexual assault...
February 17, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210411/carotid-cavernous-fistula-as-a-complication-of-panfacial-fracture-case-report-11-years-after-the-surgery
#11
Sylvio Luiz Costa de Moraes, Alexandre Maurity de Paula Afonso, Roberto Gomes Dos Santos, Ricardo Pereira Mattos, Bruno Gomes Duarte
The carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is a rare complication in patients victimized by craniofacial trauma. It involves multidisciplinary medical action. Owing to its potential complications, it is essential that maxillofacial surgery and neurosurgery specialists diagnose this condition so that appropriate treatment can be performed. The authors present a report of a case 11 years after the surgery.
March 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209958/-surgical-treatment-of-bicondylar-tibial-fractures
#12
M V Gilev, E A Volokitina, Yu V Antoniadi, F N Zverev, D N Chernitsyn, D L Zhiryakov
AIM: To improve surgical treatment of bicondylar tibial fractures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Outcomes of 69 victims were analyzed. Two groups were compared to assess an efficacy of surgical techiques (two-stage surgery, osteosynthesis under joint distraction, combination of new L-shaped external and L-shaped internal approaches, osteoplasty with b-tricalcium phosphate, carbon nanostructured implant and xenoplastic material "Osteomatrix"). CONCLUSION: Efficacy of treatment was higher in the main group compared with control group (50 and 27...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209000/carrea-s-index-and-tooth-dimensions-an-avant-garde-in-stature-estimation-an-observational-study
#13
Rayapureddy Sruthi, Reddy Sudhakara Reddy, Nallakunta Rajesh, Koneru Jyothirmai, Madgula Preethi, Thungala Navya Teja
INTRODUCTION: Identifying victims in case of mass disasters when only human remains are present is quite a challenging task. Although other peripheral extremities of human body are used in estimating stature, in situations where only skull is available, teeth play an important role in personal identification. The present study used Carrea's index in stature estimation using tooth dimensions. AIM: This study is intended to correlate the anterior mandibular tooth dimensions with that of real stature using Carrea's index and also to know the applicability and validity of this index to the current study population...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208066/children-s-evaluations-of-interethnic-exclusion-the-effects-of-ethnic-boundaries-respondent-ethnicity-and-majority-in-group-bias
#14
Jochem Thijs
Two vignette studies were conducted in which preadolescent children (Study 1: N=542; Study 2: N=137; aged 8-13years) evaluated the exclusion, for unknown reasons, of an immigrant minority child by a native majority peer (majority interethnic exclusion). Study 1 compared children's evaluations of majority interethnic exclusion with their evaluations of (majority and minority) intraethnic exclusion and minority interethnic exclusion, and Study 2 examined children's underlying explanations. Each study compared ethnic majority and ethnic minority respondents and examined the role of in-group bias for the former...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207539/role-of-coronary-angiography-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-survivors-according-to-postreturn-of-spontaneous-circulation-on-an-electrocardiogram
#15
Tae Rim Lee, Sung Yeon Hwang, Won Chul Cha, Tae Gun Shin, Min Seob Sim, Ik Joon Jo, Keun Jeong Song, Joong Eui Rhee, Yeon Kwon Jeong
Survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) have high mortality and morbidity. An acute coronary event is the most common cause of sudden cardiac death. For this reason, coronary angiography is an important diagnostic and treatment strategy for patients with postcardiac arrest. This study aimed to identify the correlation between postreturn of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) on an electrocardiogram (ECG) and results of coronary angiography of OHCA survivors.We collected data from our OHCA registry from January 2010 to November 2014...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204580/when-helping-hurts-nonabusing-family-friends-and-neighbors-in-the-lives-of-elder-mistreatment-victims
#16
Risa Breckman, David Burnes, Sarah Ross, Philip C Marshall, J Jill Suitor, Mark S Lachs, Karl Pillemer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202258/sudden-cardiac-death-and-coronary-disease-in-the-young-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-denmark
#17
Sára Zachariasardóttir, Bjarke Risgaard, Frederik Nybye Ågesen, Reza Jabbari, Charlotte Glinge, Ole Ingemann-Hansen, Gyda Lolk Ottesen, Jørgen Lange Thomsen, Stig Haunsø, Jytte Banner, Bo Gregers Winkel, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death caused by coronary artery disease (CAD-SCD) is the most frequent cause of SCD in persons <50years. The aim of this study was to examine differences in clinical characteristics and autopsy findings of the heart among 18-35 and 36-49year old CAD-SCD cases. METHODS: We have previously identified all sudden cardiac deaths in Denmark through review of death certificates and autopsy reports including all deaths between 2000 and 2006 in individuals aged 18-35years and all deaths between 2007 and 2009 in individuals aged 18-49years...
January 28, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202145/who-kills-whom-the-micro-dynamics-of-civilian-targeting-in-civil-war
#18
Madhav Joshi, Jason Michael Quinn
Prior research on civilian targeting in civil war has focused on characteristics of either the government or rebel group that make them more or less likely to target civilians. However, no government or rebel group targets a population, but rather individuals within it. To date, no study has explored the issue of why particular civilians would be chosen by one actor versus the other. This study examines the divergent civilian-targeting strategies of governments and rebel groups. We argue that unique identification problems facing each political actor in civil war leads the parties to resort to social stereotypes based on data derived from known enemy subjects killed in combat...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202085/should-capnography-be-used-as-a-guide-for-choosing-a-ventilation-strategy-in-circulatory-shock-caused-by-severe-hypothermia-observational-case-series-study
#19
Tomasz Darocha, Sylweriusz Kosiński, Anna Jarosz, Paweł Podsiadło, Mirosław Ziętkiewicz, Tomasz Sanak, Robert Gałązkowski, Jacek Piątek, Janusz Konstanty-Kalandyk, Rafał Drwiła
BACKGROUND: Severe accidental hypothermia can cause circulatory disturbances ranging from cardiac arrhythmias through circulatory shock to cardiac arrest. Severity of shock, pulmonary hypoperfusion and ventilation-perfusion mismatch are reflected by a discrepancy between measurements of CO2 levels in end-tidal air (EtCO2) and partial CO2 pressure in arterial blood (PaCO2). This disparity can pose a problem in the choice of an optimal ventilation strategy for accidental hypothermia victims, particularly in the prehospital period...
February 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199894/height-and-blood-chemistry-in-adults-with-a-history-of-developmental-arsenic-poisoning-from-contaminated-milk-powder
#20
Takashi Yorifuji, Kenichi Matsuoka, Philippe Grandjean
BACKGROUND: Arsenic poisoning interferes with bone metabolism in laboratory animal studies, and human studies suggest lowered bone mass density at elevated exposures. As the long-term consequences of developmental arsenic toxicity are poorly known, we carried out a clinical pilot study of survivors of the mass arsenic poisoning of bottle-fed infants in Japan in 1955. OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to evaluate the association between developmental arsenic exposure and physical stature and routine blood chemistry reflecting major organ functions more than 50 years later...
February 11, 2017: Environmental Research
keyword
keyword
76827
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"