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Jose Gonçalo Pais Estrela da Silveira Zúquete, Edinilsa Ramos de Souza, Suely Ferreira Deslandes
This study focuses on concepts involved in women trafficking for sexual exploitation according to representatives of government and nongovernmental institutions working with policies to confront and prevent trafficking and assist victims in Brazil and Portugal. An exploratory qualitative study was performed to identify the institutional discourses on women trafficking using thematic analysis. Interviewees displayed conceptual imprecision concerning women trafficking, sometimes ignoring the rights of sex workers to migrate and work in other countries...
October 20, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Ellen M A Horsselenberg, Jooske T van Busschbach, Andre Aleman, Gerdine H M Pijnenborg
OBJECTIVE: Self-stigma is highly prevalent in schizophrenia and can be seen as an important factor leading to low self-esteem. It is however unclear how psychological factors and actual adverse events contribute to self-stigma. This study empirically examines how symptom severity and the experience of being victimized affect both self-stigma and self-esteem. METHODS: Persons with a schizophrenia spectrum disorder (N = 102) were assessed with a battery of self-rating questionnaires and interviews...
2016: PloS One
Carmela Rinaldi, Fabrizio Leigheb, Angelo Di Dio, Kris Vanhaecht, Chiara Donnarumma, Massimiliano Panella
A second victim has been defined as "a healthcare worker involved in an unanticipated adverse patient event, medical error and/or a patient related-injury who becomes victimized in the sense that the worker is traumatized by the event". The aim of the present research study was to assess the "second victim" phenomenon in Italy. Fifty interviews were conducted with different health care professionals previously involved in medical errors. All study participants clearly remembered the event. Support obtained by second victims was poor and inefficient...
July 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
Andre B Rosay, Carrie F Mulford
This study examines the prevalence and correlates of psychological abuse and physical abuse against women and men aged 70 or older. Self-report data from 2,185 respondents in the 2010 National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NISVS) were used to create weighted estimates for past-year experiences of abuse. Correlates were then examined using survey logistic regression models. More than 1 in 10 adults who are 70 years of age or older (14.0%) have experienced some form of abuse in the past year, with 12...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect
Yu-Lung Chiu, Senyeong Kao, Shao-Wen Tou, Fu-Gong Lin
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of various types of bullying victimization among adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and examine the effects of victimization on the mental health of adolescents with ASD. METHODS: The sample was collected from the Special Needs Education Longitudinal Study (SNELS) database released in 2011. Variables comprising seven psychological distress (PD) items and four types of bullying victimization and family-, school-, and peer-related factors were included in a multivariate regression analysis...
October 26, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
W Hagmolen Of Ten Have, J M Rooijackers, J A Burgers
Asbestosis in the Netherlands is a rare work-related form of pulmonary fibrosis caused by long-term, intensive exposure to asbestos. It can have a great impact on patients' quality of life and life expectancy even 20-30 years after initial exposure. The Dutch Institute of Asbestos Victims (IAS) mediates between the victims and their employers or former employers about payment of compensation. Liability procedures against a previous employer are long and stressful. Since 1 April 2014 it has, therefore, been possible to receive financial aid from the state...
2016: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Corinne Schwarz, Erik Unruh, Katie Cronin, Sarah Evans-Simpson, Hannah Britton, Megha Ramaswamy
The medical sector presents a unique opportunity for identification and service to victims of human trafficking. In this article, we describe local and site-specific efforts to develop an intervention tool to be used in an urban hospital's emergency department in the midwestern United States. In the development of our tool, we focused on both identification and intervention to assist trafficked persons, through a largely collaborative process in which we engaged local stakeholders for developing site-specific points of intervention...
June 2016: Health and Human Rights
Ruby Charak, Brianna M Byllesby, Michelle E Roley, Meredith A Claycomb, Tory A Durham, Jana Ross, Cherie Armour, Jon D Elhai
The aims of the present study were first to identify discrete patterns of childhood victimization experiences including crime, child maltreatment, peer/sibling victimization, sexual violence, and witnessing violence among adult trauma victims using latent class analysis; second, to examine the association between class-membership and suicidal behavior, and third to investigate the differential role of dispositional anger on the association between class-membership and suicidal behavior. We hypothesized that those classes with accumulating exposure to different types of childhood victimization (e...
October 22, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
Lakshmi Chaitanya, Irena Zupanič Pajnič, Susan Walsh, Jože Balažic, Tomaž Zupanc, Manfred Kayser
Retrieving information about externally visible characteristics from DNA can provide investigative leads to find unknown perpetrators, and can also help in disaster victim and other missing person identification cases. Aiming for the application to both types of forensic casework, we previously developed and forensically validated the HIrisPlex test system enabling parallel DNA prediction of eye and hair colour. Although a recent proof-of-principle study demonstrated the general suitability of the HIrisPlex system for successfully analysing DNA from bones and teeth of various storage times and conditions, practical case applications to human remains are scarce...
October 6, 2016: Forensic Science International. Genetics
M H Nagtegaal, K Goethals, G Meynen
So far, it is not known what costs and benefits are connected with the tbs-measure, a measure that involves a mandatory treatment programme for forensic psychiatric patients.<br/> AIM: To explore the costs and benefits that the tbs-measure has on society, on other important stakeholders such as victims and/or next-of-kin and the forensic psychiatric patients themselves. <br/> METHOD: We studied the relevant literature.<br/> RESULTS: The average costs of the tbs-treatment programme are 1.5 million euros...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
Teresa Rincón-Del Toro, Adela Villanueva-Guerra, Ricardo Rodríguez-Barrientos, Elena Polentinos-Castro, Mª José Torijano-Castillo, Emilia de Castro-Monteiro, Blanca Escrivá de Romaní de Gregorio, Margarita Barba Calderón, María Soledad de Frías Redondo, Nury Alejo Brú, Concepción Blanco Morales, Margarita Vázquez Pinilla, Cristina Besora Altés, Julio Heras-Mosteiro, Juan Ángel Infantes Rodríguez, Pilar Bustamante Fernández, Victorina de Blas Salvador
OBJECTIVE: The number of aggressions towards health care professionals has risen over the past few years. There are no previous studies in primary care covering an entire region and to all professional categories. The aim of this study was to characterize aggressions in Primary Care in the Community of Madrid. METHODS: Multicenter cross-sectional study. Analysis of a Registration System that reports any type of aggression suffered by Primary Care workers, in the Community of Madrid...
October 25, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
W K Chiu, W C Lam, N H Chu, C Km Mok, W K Tung, F Yl Leung, S M Ting
INTRODUCTION: Rainlily, the first one-stop crisis centre in Hong Kong, was set up in 2000 to protect female victims of sexual violence. This study aimed to analyse the characteristics of sexual assault cases and victims who presented to two hospitals in Hong Kong. The data are invaluable for health care professionals and policymakers to improve service provision to these victims. METHODS: This retrospective analysis of hospital records was conducted in two acute hospitals under the Hospital Authority in Hong Kong...
October 24, 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
Nicole H Weiss, Courtney Peasant, Tami P Sullivan
Women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) report higher rates of HIV-risk behaviors. However, few studies have examined factors that may influence the strength of the link between IPV and HIV-risk behaviors. The goal of the current study was to extend extant research by evaluating the potential moderating role of avoidant coping in this relation. Participants were 212 women currently experiencing IPV (M age = 36.63, 70.8 % African American) who were recruited from the community. Significant positive associations were found between physical, psychological, and sexual IPV severity and both avoidant coping and HIV-risk behaviors...
October 24, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
M Bundi, L Meier, F Amsler, T Gross
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The potential association of external factors such as time of day, lunar phases or specific weather conditions on the daily management and outcome of trauma emergencies remains under debate. We undertook this trauma centre investigation to detect possible worthwhile factors of influence in order to optimize the organizational structure of trauma admissions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis over the years 2010-2013, including all emergency trauma admissions with a new injury severity score (NISS) ≥8 (major trauma) treated in a teaching hospital in the lowland of Switzerland (uni- and multivariable analysis; p < 0...
October 24, 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
Namkee G Choi, Diana M DiNitto, C Nathan Marti
BACKGROUND: Given increasing numbers of older-adult marijuana users, this study examined the association of marijuana use and marijuana use disorder with life stressors and perceived social support in the 50+ age group. METHODS: Data came from the 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (N=14,715 respondents aged 50+). Life stressors were measured with 12 items related to interpersonal, legal, and financial problems and being a crime victim...
October 18, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Ali Ghanchi
On Friday, November 13, 2015, Paris was subjected to a multiple terrorist attack that caused widespread carnage. Although French emergency planning, response, and resilience procedures (Plan Blanc) anticipated crisis management of a major incident, these had to be adapted to the local context of Pitié-Salpêtrière University Teaching Hospital. Health care workers had undergone Plan Blanc training and exercises and it was fortunate that such a drill had occurred on the morning of the attack. The procedures were observed to work well because this type of eventuality had been fully anticipated, and staff performance exceeded expectations owing to prior in-depth training and preparations...
October 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
John F Strang, Haley Meagher, Lauren Kenworthy, Annelou L C de Vries, Edgardo Menvielle, Scott Leibowitz, Aron Janssen, Peggy Cohen-Kettenis, Daniel E Shumer, Laura Edwards-Leeper, Richard R Pleak, Norman Spack, Dan H Karasic, Herbert Schreier, Anouk Balleur, Amy Tishelman, Diane Ehrensaft, Leslie Rodnan, Emily S Kuschner, Francie Mandel, Antonia Caretto, Hal C Lewis, Laura G Anthony
Evidence indicates an overrepresentation of youth with co-occurring autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and gender dysphoria (GD). The clinical assessment and treatment of adolescents with this co-occurrence is often complex, related to the developmental aspects of ASD. There are no guidelines for clinical care when ASD and GD co-occur; however, there are clinicians and researchers experienced in this co-occurrence. This study develops initial clinical consensus guidelines for the assessment and care of adolescents with co-occurring ASD and GD, from the best clinical practices of current experts in the field...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Yunes Panahi, Danial Roshandel, Mohammad Mehdi Sadoughi, Mostafa Ghanei, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Sulfur mustard (SM; mustard gas) is a classic chemical warfare agent that has been used in several wars and is still a potential threat especially in the Middle-East region. Victims experience acute symptoms in air-exposed organs including skin, respiratory tract and the eyes. Survivors of the acute stage might develop chronic or delayed-onset complications in the exposed organs. The exact mechanism(s) of SM-induced tissue damage is still unknown, however DNA alkylation and oxidative damage are the most relevant mechanisms...
October 21, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Michael B MacIsaac, Lyndal C Bugeja, George A Jelinek
OBJECTIVE: To review the association between exposure to interpersonal violence and suicide among women. METHODS: In accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocol (PRISMA-P), this review examined articles identified by using the key terms 'interpersonal violence', 'suicide' and 'death'. Of 5,536 articles identified, 38 met the a priori inclusion criteria. These required that studies examined interpersonal violence, included women and completed suicide was a measured outcome...
October 23, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
Jeffrey L Crabtree, David Ohm, Jarrod M Wall, Joseph Ray
This pilot study explored the strengths and weaknesses of an informal education program and identified elements of the program valued by participants. Participants were men living in a minimum security prison who had been incarcerated for ten or more years. The outside researcher was joined by three former program participants as co-researchers. Together, they interviewed 27 residents who completed the informal education program. Interviews were transcribed and de-identified. Researchers used the summative content analysis approach to analyze the data...
October 24, 2016: Occupational Therapy International
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