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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526702/t-wave-morphology-restitution-predicts-sudden-cardiac-death-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#1
Julia Ramírez, Michele Orini, Ana Mincholé, Violeta Monasterio, Iwona Cygankiewicz, Antonio Bayés de Luna, Juan Pablo Martínez, Esther Pueyo, Pablo Laguna
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic heart failure are at high risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Increased dispersion of repolarization restitution has been associated with SCD, and we hypothesize that this should be reflected in the morphology of the T-wave and its variations with heart rate. The aim of this study is to propose an electrocardiogram (ECG)-based index characterizing T-wave morphology restitution (TMR), and to assess its association with SCD risk in a population of chronic heart failure patients...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526668/north-american-public-opinion-survey-on-the-acceptability-of-crowdsourcing-basic-life-support-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-with-the-pulsepoint-mobile-phone-app
#2
Katie N Dainty, Haris Vaid, Steven C Brooks
BACKGROUND: The PulsePoint Respond app is a novel system that can be implemented in emergency dispatch centers to crowdsource basic life support (BLS) for patients with cardiac arrest and facilitate bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and automated external defibrillator use while first responders are en route. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a North American survey to evaluate the public perception of the above-mentioned strategy, including acceptability and willingness to respond to alerts...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526372/the-impact-of-drinking-age-laws-on-perpetration-of-sexual-assault-crimes-in-canada-2009-2013
#3
Jodi M Gatley, Marcos Sanches, Claire Benny, Samantha Wells, Russell C Callaghan
PURPOSE: Sexual-assault crimes, primarily perpetrated by males against female victims, impose a substantial burden on societies worldwide, especially on youth. Given that approximately half of all sexual assaults involve alcohol consumption by the perpetrator or victim, it is reasonable to expect that minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) restrictions might have an effect on sexual-assault patterns. Canadian MLDA laws are 18 years in Quebec, Alberta, and Manitoba (MLDA-18), and 19 years in the rest of the country (MLDA-19)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526332/trauma-informed-decision-making-among-providers-and-victims-of-intimate-partner-violence-during-hiv-testing-a-qualitative-study
#4
Jessica R Williams, Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Vanessa Ilias
We explored the process of implementing an HIV testing program at an intimate partner violence (IPV) service agency from the client and provider perspectives. A qualitative descriptive approach was used wherein semi-structured interviews were conducted with 19 key informants (i.e., women with a history of IPV, HIV service providers, IPV service providers). Interviews focused on facilitators and barriers to HIV testing implementation, the decision-making process during HIV testing, and support needs. All interviews were recorded and transcribed...
May 4, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526169/the-second-victim-a-review
#5
REVIEW
B Coughlan, D Powell, M F Higgins
Amongst the lay and media population there is a perception that pregnancy, labour and delivery is always physiological, morbidity and mortality should be "never events" and that error is the only cause of adverse events. Those working in maternity care know that it is an imperfect art, where adverse outcomes and errors will occur. When errors do occur, there is a domino effect with three groups being involved - the patient (first victim), the staff (second victims) and the organization (third victims). If the perceived expectation of patients on all clinicians is that of perfection, then clinicians may suffer the consequences of adverse outcomes in isolation and silence...
June 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526053/pre-hospital-triage-performance-after-standardized-trauma-courses
#6
Maria Lampi, Johan Junker, Peter Berggren, Carl-Oscar Jonson, Tore Vikström
BACKGROUND: The pre-hospital triage process aims at identifying and prioritizing patients in the need of prompt intervention and/or evacuation. The objective of the present study was to evaluate triage decision skills in a Mass Casualty Incident drill. The study compares two groups of participants in Advanced Trauma Life Support and Pre-Hospital Trauma Life Support courses. METHODS: A questionnaire was used to deal with three components of triage of victims in a Mass Casualty Incident: decision-making; prioritization of 15 hypothetical casualties involved in a bus crash; and prioritization for evacuation...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525435/anogenital-and-physical-injuries-in-adolescent-sexual-assault-patients-the-role-of-victim-offender-relationship-alcohol-use-and-memory-impairment
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525431/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-prenursing-and-nursing-students-about-sexual-assault
#8
Judith L Strunk
Sexual assault has been identified as a major public health problem in the United States, yet little research has been done regarding nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault. Lack of knowledge, or victim-blaming attitudes held by healthcare providers can be problematic for the care of the sexual assault victim, leaving them feeling upset and distressed after the healthcare encounter. Prenursing and nursing students were surveyed about their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525429/anogenital-and-physical-injuries-in-adolescent-sexual-assault-patients-the-role-of-victim-offender-relationship-alcohol-use-and-memory-impairment
#9
Hannah Feeney, Danielle Chiaramonte, Rebecca Campbell, Megan R Greeson, Giannina Fehler-Cabral
Prior research has documented high rates of anogenital and physical injuries among adolescent sexual assault patients. Although a number of factors related to rates of injury detection in adolescents have been identified, there may be additional features of the assault that are disclosed in the patient history that could be important indicators of injury risk. The purpose of the current study was to expand this literature by examining whether factors that are salient in sexual assaults committed against adolescents-victim-offender relationship, substance use, and memory impairment-are associated with documented anogenital and physical injury rates...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525196/-burnout-syndrome-among-generalist-medical-doctors-of-douala-region-cameroon-can-physical-activities-be-a-protective-factor
#10
S H Mandengue, L J Owona Manga, M Y Lobè-Tanga, P B Assomo-Ndemba, S Nsongan-Bahebege, C Bika-Lélé, F Ngo Sack, A K Njamnshi, S L Etoundi-Ngoa
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate and document the importance of Burnout syndrome among generalist medical doctors (GMD) since no investigation have been carried in Cameroon. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 85 GMD using a self-administered questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics, socioprofessional conditions, Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) to evaluate burnout, and Ricci-Gagnon physical activities level metrics...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522978/change-during-psychotherapy-through-sand-play-tray-in-children-that-have-been-sexually-abused
#11
María D L Angeles Tornero, Claudia Capella
This paper presents the results of a qualitative study on the use of sandplay, or sand tray therapy, in the psychotherapeutic process of children who have been sexually abused. A longitudinal study was carried out with seven participants between the ages of 7 and 10 years old. Data was produced during observation of the therapeutic activity over the course of three different phases of treatment, using a rubric created especially for this observation. Three sandplay sessions were recorded: one at the start of therapy, one at the 3-month mark, and the third and final session after 6 months of treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521790/unintentional-drowning-role-of-medicinal-drugs-and-alcohol
#12
Tuulia Pajunen, Erkki Vuori, Frank F Vincenzi, Pirjo Lillsunde, Gordon Smith, Philippe Lunetta
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is a well-known risk factor in unintentional drownings. Whereas psychotropic drugs, like alcohol, may cause psychomotor impairment and affect cognition, no detailed studies have focused on their association with drowning. Finland provides extensive post-mortem toxicological data for studies on drowning because of its high medico-legal autopsy rates. METHODS: Drowning cases, 2000 through 2009, for which post-mortem toxicological analysis was performed, came from the database of the Toxicological Laboratory, Department of Forensic Medicine, University of Helsinki, using the ICD-10 nature-of-injury code T75...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521645/exploring-protective-strategies-among-rural-women-in-an-abusive-relationship
#13
Kim M Anderson, Lynette M Renner, Tina L Bloom
The purpose of this study was to explore rural women's accounts of intimate partner violence and the strategies they used to protect themselves from such adversity. Convenience sampling included women currently in an abusive relationship (N = 22), who were receiving mental health services at a rural victim-service provider. Standardized measures indicated, on average, that study participants were symptomatic for depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), yet exhibited higher resilience than other PTSD populations...
May 19, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521252/trauma-type-as-a-conditional-risk-factor-for-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-a-referred-clinic-sample-of-adolescents
#14
Jani Nöthling, Candice Simmons, Sharain Suliman, Soraya Seedat
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic experiences that are varied in type and severity may lead to the development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Some trauma types present a higher conditional risk for PTSD owing to their nature and impact on growth and functioning. Few studies have investigated the conditional risk of PTSD in clinic referred adolescents in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of the study was to determine the conditional risk for PTSD based on various trauma types (car accidents, other serious accidents, fires, witnessing a natural disaster, witnessing a violent crime, being confronted with traumatic news, witnessing domestic violence, physical abuse and sexual abuse) and to stratify risk by gender...
May 5, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521064/the-importance-of-investigating-abuser-characteristics-in-elder-emotional-psychological-abuse-results-from-adult-protective-services-data
#15
Pi-Ju Liu, Kendon J Conrad, Scott R Beach, Madelyn Iris, Lawrence B Schiamberg
Objectives: Elder emotional/psychological abuse is the infliction of mental anguish on older adults through verbal or non-verbal acts. Using indicators based on existing literature, theoretically important abuser characteristics and victim vulnerabilities were collected using the Elder Abuse Decision Support System (EADSS) to test a theory of emotional/psychological abuse. Method: Eight-hundred-and-ten alleged emotional/psychological abuse cases were investigated by caseworkers in six Illinois adult protective services (APS) agencies; 466 individuals endorsed at least one item on the Older Adult Psychological Abuse Measure (OAPAM)...
May 17, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521005/using-directed-acyclic-graphs-in-epidemiological-research-in-psychosis-an-analysis-of-the-role-of-bullying-in-psychosis
#16
Giusi Moffa, Gennaro Catone, Jack Kuipers, Elizabeth Kuipers, Daniel Freeman, Steven Marwaha, Belinda R Lennox, Matthew R Broome, Paul Bebbington
Modern psychiatric epidemiology researches complex interactions between multiple variables in large datasets. This creates difficulties for causal inference. We argue for the use of probabilistic models represented by directed acyclic graphs (DAGs). These capture the dependence structure of multiple variables and, used appropriately, allow more robust conclusions about the direction of causation. We analyzed British national survey data to assess putative mediators of the association between bullying victimization and persecutory ideation...
May 17, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520563/multiple-deaths-caused-by-a-fire-in-a-factory-identification-and-investigative-issues
#17
V Pinchi, V Bartolini, E Bertol, M Focardi, F Mari, U Ricci, S Vanin, G A Norelli
The article presents a case of multiple casualties following a textile factory fire. The incident required a full DVI team similar to large mass-disaster because of the specific operational aspects and identification difficulties. The autopsy results were consistent with death by fire and the toxicological investigations revealed carbon monoxide poisoning in four cases (HbCO% ranging between 88,05 and 95,77), two deaths by cyanide intoxication (with concentrations between 5,17 and 8,85 mcg/ml), and in one case there was a synergistic effect of the two substances (carbon monoxide and cyanide)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520486/trends-in-school-related-victimization-of-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-youths-massachusetts-1995-2015
#18
Emily O'Malley Olsen, Alana M Vivolo-Kantor, Laura Kann, Chiniqua N Milligan
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes over time in prevalence of school victimization among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) students compared with heterosexual students. METHODS: We analyzed data from 11 Youth Risk Behavior Surveys conducted among representative samples of students in grades 9 through 12 in Massachusetts during 1995 to 2015. We used multivariable logistic regression models to identify trends over time by sexual identity. RESULTS: During 1995 to 2015, the prevalence of missing school decreased overall (from 5...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520322/-psychological-impact-of-out-of-hospital-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-cpr-on-the-witness-engaged-in-gestures-of-survival
#19
REVIEW
C Stassart, S Stipulante, R Zandona, A Gillet, A Ghuysen
The occurrence of an unexpected sudden death puts the witnesses of this event in a situation of high emotional impact. The benefit to allow the families of victims to dispense the first resuscitation techniques has been emphasized. However, little data exist on the emotional impact of a cardio-respiratory arrest outside the hospital on the witness, who is often a close family member. Recently, we investigated the presence of psychological distress and the factors influencing it, in the active practice of basic resuscitation gestures by the witnesses guided by the operator 112...
May 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516861/victim-gender-rater-attitudes-and-rater-violence-history-influence-perceptions-of-intimate-partner-violence
#20
Kerry A Erickson, Melissa Jonnson, Jennifer I Langille, Zach Wals
Perceptions of intimate partner violence (IPV) have been proposed to play a role in the stigmatization and underreporting of violence by individuals who are victimized by intimate partners, especially in cases that are inconsistent with the male-to-female IPV paradigm. We examined the independent and combined influences of victim and perpetrator sex, attitudes toward gender roles, and history of IPV perpetration on perceptions of IPV among 240 college students. We employed a vignette methodology to manipulate perpetrator and victim sex in a fully crossed design...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
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