keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Perversion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700076/why-have-relative-rates-of-class-mobility-become-more-equal-among-women-in-britain
#1
Erzsébet Bukodi, John H Goldthorpe, Heather Joshi, Lorraine Waller
In a previous paper it has been shown that across three cohorts of men and women born in Britain in 1946, 1958 and 1970 a gender difference exists in regard to relative rates of class mobility. For men these rates display an essential stability but for women they become more equal. The aim of the present paper is to shed light on the causes of this trend-or, that is, of increasing social fluidity-among women. We begin by considering a refined version of the perverse fluidity hypothesis: that is, one that proposes that part-time work leads to increasing downward worklife mobility among women that also entails downward intergenerational mobility and thus promotes greater fluidity...
July 12, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675400/chemical-physics-of-electroactive-materials-concluding-remarks
#2
Mark W Rutland
It is an honour to be charged with providing the concluding remarks for a Faraday Discussion. As many have remarked before, it is nonetheless a prodigious task, and what follows is necessarily a personal, and probably perverse, view of a watershed event in the Chemical Physics of Electroactive materials. The spirit of the conference was captured in a single sentence during the meeting itself."It is the nexus between rheology, electrochemistry, colloid science and energy storage". The current scientific climate is increasingly dominated by a limited number of global challenges, and there is thus a tendency for research to resemble a football match played by 6 year olds, where everyone on the field chases the (funding) ball instead of playing to their "discipline"...
July 1, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672203/-how-complex-and-even-perverse-the-real-world-can-be-w-d-hamilton-s-early-work-on-social-wasps-1964-1968
#3
Guido Caniglia
William D. Hamilton's name is often connected to important theoretical accomplishments, from the theory of inclusive fitness and kin selection to the so-called Hamilton's rule and the haplodiploidy hypothesis. This article asks: How did Hamilton attempt to test his theory and hypothesis against the complexity of the biological world? The article reconstructs Hamilton's empirical work with social wasps between 1963 and 1968, the years before and after the publication of the groundbreaking "The Genetical Evolution of Social Behavior" in 1964...
June 30, 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588985/how-did-rapid-scale-up-of-hiv-services-impact-on-workplace-and-interpersonal-trust-in-zambian-primary-health-centres-a-case-based-health-systems-analysis
#4
Stephanie M Topp, Julien M Chipukuma
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, large amounts of funding continue to be directed towards HIV-specific care and treatment, often with claims of 'health system strengthening' effect. Such claims rarely account for the impact on human relationships and decisions that are core to functional health systems. This research examined how establishment of externally funded HIV services influenced trusting relationships in Zambian health centres. METHODS: An in-depth, multicase study included four health centres selected for urban, peri-urban and rural characteristics...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558108/association-of-prescription-drug-price-rebates-in-medicare-part-d-with-patient-out-of-pocket-and-federal-spending
#5
Stacie B Dusetzina, Rena M Conti, Nancy L Yu, Peter B Bach
The increasing cost of prescription drugs is a burden for patients and threatens the financial stability of the US health care system. Rebates are a form of price concession paid by a pharmaceutical manufacturer to the health plan sponsor or the pharmacy benefit manager working on the plan's behalf. Proponents argue that rebates result from vigorous negotiations that help lower overall drug costs. Critics argue that rebates have perversely increased the costs patients pay out of pocket, as well as the costs for Medicare as a whole...
May 30, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543995/the-effects-of-restoring-logged-tropical-forests-on-avian-phylogenetic-and-functional-diversity
#6
Cindy C P Cosset, David P Edwards
Selective logging is the most prevalent land-use change in the tropics. Despite the resulting degradation of forest structure, selectively logged forests still harbour a substantial amount of biodiversity leading to suggestions that their protection is the next best alternative to conserving primary, old-growth forests. Restoring carbon stocks under Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) schemes is a potential method for obtaining funding to protect logged forests, via enrichment planting and liberation cutting of vines...
May 24, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540251/friend-turned-foe-e-cadherin-perversely-protects-micrometastases
#7
COMMENT
Alan Wells, Bo Ma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461443/recomposing-consumption-defining-necessities-for-sustainable-and-equitable-well-being
#8
Ian Gough
This paper focuses on consumption in the affluent world and the resulting level, composition and distribution of consumption-based emissions. It argues that public policy should foster the recomposition of consumption, while not disadvantaging poorer groups in the population. To combine these two imperatives entails making a distinction between goods and services that are necessary for a basic level of well-being, and those that are surplus to this requirement. The argument proceeds in six stages. First, the paper outlines a theory of universal need, as an alternative conception of well-being to consumer preference satisfaction...
June 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451368/a-tendril-perversion-in-a-helical-oligomer-trapping-and-characterizing-a-mobile-screw-sense-reversal
#9
Michael Tomsett, Irene Maffucci, Bryden A F Le Bailly, Liam Byrne, Stefan M Bijvoets, M Giovanna Lizio, James Raftery, Craig P Butts, Simon J Webb, Alessandro Contini, Jonathan Clayden
Helical oligomers of achiral monomers adopt domains of uniform screw sense, which are occasionally interrupted by screw-sense reversals. These rare, elusive, and fast-moving features have eluded detailed characterization. We now describe the structure and habits of a screw-sense reversal trapped within a fragment of a helical oligoamide foldamer of the achiral quaternary amino acid 2-aminoisobutyric acid (Aib). The reversal was enforced by compelling the amide oligomer to adopt a right-handed screw sense at one end and a left-handed screw sense at the other...
April 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376464/measuring-outcomes-lessons-from-the-world-of-public-education
#10
Andrew Saultz, John W Saultz
The quality and efficiency of American health care are increasingly measured using clinical and financial data with a goal of improving clinical practice. Proponents believe such efforts can improve outcomes, motivate clinicians, and inform the public about quality. Detractors point to problems with the accuracy of these measures and the risk of creating perverse incentives for both physicians and patients. Drawing on lessons from similar performance management policies in public education, we provide guidance about this trend for primary care physicians and health care policy makers...
January 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362567/psychologically-informed-implementations-of-sugary-drink-portion-limits
#11
Leslie K John, Grant E Donnelly, Christina A Roberto
In 2012, the New York City Board of Health prohibited restaurants from selling sugary drinks in containers that would hold more than 16 oz. Although a state court ruled that the Board of Health did not have the authority to implement such a policy, it remains a legally viable option for governments and a voluntary option for restaurants. However, there is very limited empirical data on how such a policy might affect the purchasing and consumption of sugary drinks. We report four well-powered, incentive-compatible experiments in which we evaluated two possible ways that restaurants might comply with such a policy: bundling (i...
May 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320325/-was-that-a-success-or-not-a-success-a-qualitative-study-of-health-professionals-perspectives-on-support-for-people-with-long-term-conditions
#12
John Owens, Vikki A Entwistle, Alan Cribb, Zoë C Skea, Simon Christmas, Heather Morgan, Ian S Watt
BACKGROUND: Support for self-management (SSM) is a prominent strand of health policy internationally, particularly for primary care. It is often discussed and evaluated in terms of patients' knowledge, skills and confidence, health-related behaviours, disease control or risk reduction, and service use and costs. However, these goals are limited, both as guides to professional practice and as indicators of its quality. In order to better understand what it means to support self-management well, we examined health professionals' views of success in their work with people with long-term conditions...
March 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315158/childhood-family-structure-and-intergenerational-income-mobility-in-the-united-states
#13
Deirdre Bloome
The declining prevalence of two-parent families helped increase income inequality over recent decades. Does family structure also condition how economic (dis)advantages pass from parents to children? If so, shifts in the organization of family life may contribute to enduring inequality between groups defined by childhood family structure. Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data, I combine parametric and nonparametric methods to reveal how family structure moderates intergenerational income mobility in the United States...
March 17, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278058/the-queerness-of-the-drive
#14
Teresa de Lauretis
The view of sexuality Freud first proposed in the Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality contains a discrepancy between the sexuality perverse and polymorphous described in the first two essays and the biologically directed, reproductive sexuality of the third essay. According to Jean Laplanche, the theorist of psychoanalysis who is Freud's closest reader and translator, the discrepancy is due to two contradictory opinions Freud apparently held at different moments of his writing: one, that sexuality is exogenous, an effect of seduction by adults; two, that sexuality is endogenous, innate in the human biological organism...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161558/neutrophil-perversion-in-demyelinating-autoimmune-diseases-mechanisms-to-medicine
#15
REVIEW
Courtney S Casserly, Julia C Nantes, Ryder F Whittaker Hawkins, Luc Vallières
Neutrophils are essential to a healthy life, yet pose a threat if improperly controlled. Neutrophil perversion is well documented in a variety of inflammatory disorders (e.g. arthritis, lupus, psoriasis), but is only beginning to be demystified in autoimmune demyelination, the most common cause of neurological disability in young adults. Using the animal model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), several molecules that help neutrophils invade the central nervous system (CNS) have been identified...
March 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156188/funding-models-in-palliative-care-lessons-from-international-experience
#16
E Iris Groeneveld, J Brian Cassel, Claudia Bausewein, Ágnes Csikós, Malgorzata Krajnik, Karen Ryan, Dagny Faksvåg Haugen, Steffen Eychmueller, Heike Gudat Keller, Simon Allan, Jeroen Hasselaar, Teresa García-Baquero Merino, Kate Swetenham, Kym Piper, Carl Johan Fürst, Fliss Em Murtagh
BACKGROUND: Funding models influence provision and development of palliative care services. As palliative care integrates into mainstream health care provision, opportunities to develop funding mechanisms arise. However, little has been reported on what funding models exist or how we can learn from them. AIM: To assess national models and methods for financing and reimbursing palliative care. DESIGN: Initial literature scoping yielded limited evidence on the subject as national policy documents are difficult to identify, access and interpret...
April 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135152/agents-of-law-psychoanalytic-perspective-on-parenthood-practices-as-socially-accepted-violence
#17
Efrat Even-Tzur, Uri Hadar
This paper presents a theoretical model of parental authority from the vantage point of parental subjecthood, using a roughly Lacanian formulation of what it means to take a (parental) subject position. For Freud, the parental role involves the acceptance of social rules that may, at times, involve a socially acceptable degree of violence. Nevertheless, psychoanalytic discussions have disregarded the parents' subjective experience as agents of the Law and purveyors of threatening authority. The authors elaborate on Freud's and Lacan's ideas and delineate several prime types of parental identifications as agents of Law...
February 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131615/the-deterrent-effects-of-australian-street-level-drug-law-enforcement-on-illicit-drug-offending-at-outdoor-music-festivals
#18
Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes, Vivienne Moxham-Hall, Alison Ritter, Don Weatherburn, Robert MacCoun
BACKGROUND: Australian and international street-level drug law enforcement deploy many strategies in efforts to prevent or deter illicit drug offending. Limited evidence of deterrence exists. This study assessed the likely impacts of four Australian policing strategies on the incidence and nature of drug use and supply at a common policing target: outdoor music festivals. METHODS: A purpose-built national online survey (the Drug Policing Survey) was constructed using five hypothetical experimental vignettes that took into account four policing strategies (High Visibility Policing, Riot Policing, Collaborative Policing, and policing with Drug Detection Dogs) and a counter-factual (no police presence)...
January 25, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131024/-too-much-medicine-insights-and-explanations-from-economic-theory-and-research
#19
Martin Hensher, John Tisdell, Craig Zimitat
Increasing attention has been paid in recent years to the problem of "too much medicine", whereby patients receive unnecessary investigations and treatments providing them with little or no benefit, but which expose them to risks of harm. Despite this phenomenon potentially constituting an inefficient use of health care resources, it has received limited direct attention from health economists. This paper considers "too much medicine" as a form of overconsumption, drawing on research from health economics, behavioural economics and ecological economics to identify possible explanations for and drivers of overconsumption...
January 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115824/academic-research-in-the-21st-century-maintaining-scientific-integrity-in-a-climate-of-perverse-incentives-and-hypercompetition
#20
Marc A Edwards, Siddhartha Roy
Over the last 50 years, we argue that incentives for academic scientists have become increasingly perverse in terms of competition for research funding, development of quantitative metrics to measure performance, and a changing business model for higher education itself. Furthermore, decreased discretionary funding at the federal and state level is creating a hypercompetitive environment between government agencies (e.g., EPA, NIH, CDC), for scientists in these agencies, and for academics seeking funding from all sources-the combination of perverse incentives and decreased funding increases pressures that can lead to unethical behavior...
January 1, 2017: Environmental Engineering Science
keyword
keyword
76824
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"