keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Offender

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107119/olfaction-new-understandings-diagnostic-applications
#1
Gabrielle F Ruggiero, Jeannette Y Wick
Estimates indicate that 14 million Americans have olfactory dysfunction. As with other senses, such as sight and hearing, olfaction frequently declines with age. Impaired olfaction can be a warning sign of Parkinson's disease, sometimes occurring before motor symptoms develop. It's also an initial symptom of Alzheimer's dementia (AD); the amyloid plaques and tangles characterizing AD invade the olfactory bulb and hippocampus early in its course, hampering odor identification. Olfactory dysfunction is associated with some serious problems, including inability to smell warning odors (fire, gas) and impaired ability to taste food...
November 1, 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105495/relevance-of-medical-reports-in-criminal-investigations-of-cases-of-suspected-child-abuse
#2
Katharina Janßen, Dominik Greif, Markus A Rothschild, Sibylle Banaschak
If a case of physical child abuse is suspected in Germany, the general feeling is often that "it does not matter whether you make a report or not" because, generally, no conviction is made anyway. This study investigates the juridical analysis of complaint cases of physical child abuse [criminal complaint parag. 225 StGB (German penal code) with filial victim]. It focuses on the doctor's role and the impact of their practice in relation to a later conviction. It is based on the analysis of 302 files of the enquiry from 2004-2009 from the department of public prosecution in Cologne, Germany...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104290/exploring-the-longitudinal-offending-pathways-of-child-sexual-abuse-victims-a-preliminary-analysis-using-latent-variable-modeling
#3
Nina L Papalia, Stefan Luebbers, James R P Ogloff, Margaret Cutajar, Paul E Mullen
Very little research has been conducted to show the way in which criminal behavior unfolds over the life-course in children who have been sexually abused, and whether it differs from the 'age-crime' patterns consistently documented in the criminology literature. This study investigated the temporal pathways of criminal offending between the ages of 10-25 years among medically confirmed cases of child sexual abuse (CSA), and considered whether abuse variables, offense variables, and the presence of other adverse outcomes, were associated with heterogeneity in offending pathways among CSA survivors...
January 16, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102702/immunomodulating-peptides-for-food-allergy-prevention-and-treatment
#4
Daniel Lozano-Ojalvo, Rosina López-Fandiño
Among the most promising strategies currently assayed against IgE-mediated allergic diseases stands the possibility of using immunomodulating peptides to induce oral tolerance towards offending food allergens or even to prevent allergic sensitization. This review focuses on the beneficial effects of food derived immunomodulating peptides on food allergy, which can be directly exerted in the intestinal tract or once being absorbed through the intestinal epithelial barrier to interact with immune cells. Food peptides influence intestinal homeostasis by maintaining and reinforcing barrier function or affecting intestinal cell-signalling to nearby immune cells and mucus secretion...
January 19, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101962/the-peopling-of-the-americas-and-the-origin-of-the-beringian-occupation-model
#5
Connie J Mulligan, Emőke J E Szathmáry
The current model for peopling of the Americas involves divergence from an ancestral Asian population followed by a period of population isolation and genetic diversification in Beringia, and finally, a rapid expansion into and throughout the Americas. Studies in the 1970s sought to characterize the biological relationships between different indigenous populations and first proposed an occupation of Beringia. More recent studies using molecular genetic markers often neglect to reference early works that laid the groundwork for current colonization models...
January 19, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101718/poisoning-through-pediatric-skin-cases-from-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Ahuva Cices, Stephanie Bayers, Anna Elisa Verzì, Lawrence A Schachner, Dennis P West, Giuseppe Micali
Poisoning through pediatric skin leading to acute systemic symptoms is a relatively uncommonly reported phenomenon. Systemic toxicity through the skin typically occurs by direct contact between therapeutic or non-therapeutic topical agents and the skin. Though uncommon, poisoning through pediatric skin can have significant consequences and must be recognized so the offending agent may be discontinued and appropriate treatment initiated. We performed a literature search for all article types between 1950 and April 2016 to provide a single source of detectable cases of acute toxicity in pediatric patients due to percutaneous exposure...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100145/chronic-health-conditions-among-incoming-canadian-federally-sentenced-women
#7
Amanda M Nolan, Lynn A Stewart
Over a 13-month period, health data on all consecutive incoming Canadian federally sentenced women offenders were collected and analyzed ( N = 280). The most common health conditions cited were back pain, head injury, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and asthma. Rates of chronic health problems were generally similar to those of their male offender counterparts, with the notable exception of HCV, which was higher for women. Aboriginal women offenders had particularly high rates of HCV. The study provides valuable information on the self-reported physical health status of federally sentenced women offenders that can be used as a benchmark to examine health trends over time...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098920/-too-long-in-tbs-a-study-on-patients-receiving-forensic-psychiatric-tbs-treatment-for-15-years-or-longer
#8
H Nijman, S Lammers, M Vrinten, E Bulten
In 2013 in the Netherlands about 100 forensic psychiatric patients were treated in tbs-hospitals for 15 years or more.<br/> AIM: To investigate the variables that characterise patients who have been receiving forensic psychiatric treatment (tbs) for 15 years or more, and to obtain insight in which actions might be helpful to facilitate discharge or transfer of such patients to other (mental health care) facilities, according to their caregivers and experts.<br/> METHOD: The group of long-term tbs-patients (n = 97) was compared with regard to diagnostic characteristics, 'basic historical risks' (as assessed by risk assessment instruments), and behaviour  to three other groups of forensic patients: a...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093927/impact-of-social-disadvantage-and-parental-offending-on-rates-of-criminal-offending-among-offspring-of-women-with-severe-mental-illness
#9
Giulietta Maria Valuri, Frank Morgan, Assen Jablensky, Vera Anne Morgan
OBJECTIVE: Children of parents with severe mental illness have an increased risk of offending. Studies suggest that risk factors such as parental offending and social disadvantage may be associated with the increased risk. This paper assesses the impact of these risk factors on offending rates in the offspring of women with severe mental illness compared to offspring of unaffected women. METHODS: This is part of a longitudinal record-linked whole-population study of 467,945 children born in Western Australia from 1980 to 2001 to mothers with severe mental illness and mothers with no recorded psychiatric illness...
January 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093666/diane-marano-juvenile-offenders-and-guns-voices-behind-gun-violence-palgrave-macmillan-new-york-ny-2015-210-pp-isbn-978-1-137-52013-5
#10
Norma L Rodriguez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092986/a-review-of-the-treatment-of-primary-orthostatic-hypotension
#11
Genevieve M Hale, Jose Valdes, Michael Brenner
OBJECTIVE: To review the efficacy and safety of pharmacological and nonpharmacological strategies used to treat primary orthostatic hypotension (OH). DATA SOURCES: A literature review using PubMed and MEDLINE databases searching hypotension, non-pharmacological therapy, midodrine, droxidopa, pyridostigmine, fludrocortisone, atomoxetine, pseudoephedrine, and octreotide was performed. STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION: Randomized or observational studies, cohorts, case series, or case reports written in English between January 1970 and November 2016 that assessed primary OH treatment in adult patients were evaluated...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091866/review-of-diagnostic-challenges-in-occupational-asthma
#12
REVIEW
Jacques A Pralong, Andre Cartier
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Occupational asthma (OA) is one of the most frequent occupational diseases and its diagnosis is often difficult. This review summarizes its current diagnostic challenges. RECENT FINDINGS: OA is associated with significant health and socio-economic burden. It is underdiagnosed and physicians need to adopt a stepwise approach to confirm the diagnosis. Although early removal from exposure to the offending agent is associated with a better prognosis, physicians should try to confirm the diagnosis of work-related asthma before taking a worker off work...
January 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089207/delivery-dilemmas-how-drug-cryptomarket-users-identify-and-seek-to-reduce-their-risk-of-detection-by-law-enforcement
#13
Judith Aldridge, Rebecca Askew
BACKGROUND: Cryptomarkets represent an important drug market innovation by bringing buyers and sellers of illegal drugs together in a 'hidden' yet public online marketplace. We ask: How do cryptomarket drug sellers and buyers perceive the risks of detection and arrest, and attempt to limit them? METHODS: We analyse selected texts produced by vendors operating on the first major drug cryptomarket, Silk Road (N=600) alongside data extracted from the marketplace discussion forum that include buyer perspectives...
January 11, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088674/people-s-reasons-for-wanting-to-complete-probation-use-and-predictive-validity-in-an-e-health-intervention
#14
Stephanie A Spohr, Faye S Taxman, Scott T Walters
The criminal justice system tends to emphasize external contingencies (e.g., fees, jail time) to motivate offender compliance. However, people's reasons for desistance vary considerably. This study evaluated the acceptability, utility, and predictive validity of questions that ask about people's reasons for wanting to successfully complete probation. Substance-using probationers (N=113) participated in a web-based computer intervention that targeted substance use and treatment initiation. Questions around seven dimensions of reasons for completing probation were developed to provide tailored feedback during the web-based program...
January 6, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088034/an-evaluation-of-nova-scotia-s-alcohol-ignition-interlock-program
#15
Ward G M Vanlaar, Marisela Mainegra Hing, Robyn D Robertson
Alcohol ignition interlock programs for offenders aim to reduce recidivism among convicted drink drivers. This study presents an evaluation of Nova Scotia's interlock program implemented in 2008 in order to assess its effectiveness to reduce impaired driving and to help identify areas for improvement. Data used include conviction and crash records of individual participants; provincial monthly counts of alcohol-related charges, convictions and fatal and serious crashes; and interlock logged events. Methods used include descriptive statistics, survival analysis, time series and logistic regression analysis...
January 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087129/childhood-maltreatment-and-unprotected-sex-among-female-juvenile-offenders-evidence-of-mediation-by-substance-abuse-and-psychological-distress
#16
Kristen Clements-Nolle, Sandra Larson, Aliya Buttar, Lindsey Dermid-Gray
PURPOSE: Research has shown that childhood maltreatment is associated with sexual risk taking among female juvenile offenders; however, the mechanisms by which maltreatment influences sexual risk remain poorly understood. We assessed whether substance abuse, psychological distress, and dating violence mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and unprotected sex. METHODS: Sexually active female juvenile offenders (13-17 years of age) completed audio computer-assisted self-interviews (n = 232)...
January 10, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078205/reasoning-and-rehabilitation-cognitive-skills-programme-for-mentally-disordered-offenders-predictors-of-outcome
#17
Susan Young, Mrigendra Das, Gisli H Gudjonsson
AIM: To investigate factors predicting treatment completion and treatment outcome of the Reasoning and Rehabilitation Mental Health Programme (R&R2MHP) cognitive skills programme for mentally disordered offenders. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data previously obtained from 97 male patients who were sectioned and detained under the United Kingdom Mental Health Act in low, medium and high security hospitals and who had completed R&R2MHP. Predictors of treatment completion included background variables and five outcome measures: Four self-reported measures of violent attitudes, social problem-solving skills, reactive anger and locus of control and an objective measure of behaviour on the ward that was completed by staff...
December 22, 2016: World Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076983/multidimensional-family-therapy-reduces-self-reported-criminality-among-adolescents-with-a-cannabis-use-disorder
#18
Thimo M van der Pol, Craig E Henderson, Vincent Hendriks, Michael P Schaub, Henk Rigter
Multidimensional family therapy (MDFT) is an established treatment program for youth displaying multiproblem behavior. We examined whether MDFT decreased criminal offending among cannabis abusing adolescents, as compared with individual psychotherapy (IP). In a Western European randomized controlled trial comparing MDFT with IP, a sample of 169 adolescents with a cannabis disorder completed self-reports on criminal offending. Half indicated they had committed one or more criminal offenses in the 90 days before the baseline assessment...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076443/predicting-reoffending-using-the-structured-assessment-of-violence-risk-in-youth-savry-a-5-year-follow-up-study-of-male-juvenile-offenders-in-hunan-province-china
#19
Jiansong Zhou, Katrina Witt, Xia Cao, Chen Chen, Xiaoping Wang
BACKGROUND: Juvenile violent offending is a serious worldwide public health issue. OBJECTIVE: The study examined whether the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) can be used to predict violent reoffending in Chinese male juvenile offenders, and to determine which risk/protective domains (items) are associated with violent recidivism. METHODS: A total of 246 male juvenile offenders were recruited. SAVRY domains were scored by trained raters based on file review and interviews with participants and their legal guardians...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073687/adverse-event-detection-using-the-fda-post-marketing-drug-safety-surveillance-system-cardiotoxicity-associated-with-loperamide-abuse-and-misuse
#20
Kimberley A Swank, Eileen Wu, Cindy Kortepeter, Jana McAninch, Robert L Levin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to identify and characterize post-marketing reports of cardiotoxicity, including torsades de pointes (TdP), associated with loperamide use. METHODS: We searched the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database for post-marketing reports of serious cardiac adverse events associated with loperamide use from December 28, 1976 (U.S. drug approval date), through December 14, 2015. We also conducted a Pubmed and Google Scholar search to identify additional published reports of cardiotoxicity associated with loperamide in the medical literature through February 11, 2016...
January 7, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
keyword
keyword
76823
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"