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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457228/usefulness-of-ultrasonography-in-diagnosis-percutaneous-management-and-follow-up-of-post-traumatic-scalp-pseudoaneurysms
#1
Sivasubramanian Srinivasan, Rahul Lohan, Hsien Khai Tan, Raymond Chung, Suresh B Babu
Pseudoaneurysms of the scalp are rare. Most common etiology is trauma. The patients usually present clinically with persistent painful swelling in the scalp few days after the trauma. The lesion may or may not be pulsatile clinically. Ultrasonography (US) is the best modality to assess these pseudoaneurysms. It not only helps in the diagnosis, but also to trace the offending arterial branch and helps in treatment. We present two cases of post-traumatic scalp pseudoaneurysms which were diagnosed with US and were managed by US-guided thrombin injection...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455738/no-experience-required-violent-crime-and-anticipated-vicarious-and-experienced-racial-discrimination
#2
Daniel Herda, Bill McCarthy
There is a growing body of evidence linking racial discrimination and juvenile crime, and a number of theories explain this relationship. In this study, we draw on one popular approach, Agnew's general strain theory, and extend prior research by moving from a focus on experienced discrimination to consider two other forms, anticipated and vicarious discrimination. Using data on black, white, and Hispanic youth, from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN), we find that experienced, anticipated, and to a lesser extent, vicarious discrimination, significantly predict violent crime independent of a set of neighborhood, parental, and individual level controls, including prior violent offending...
February 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455144/evaluation-of-childhood-trauma-with-respect-to-criminal-behavior-dissociative-experiences-adverse-family-experiences-and-psychiatric-backgrounds-among-prison-inmates
#3
Merih Altintas, Mustafa Bilici
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate childhood trauma in relation to criminal behavior, dissociative experiences, adverse family experiences during childhood and psychiatric backgrounds among prison inmates. METHODS: In total, 200 prison inmates were included in this questionnaire-based study. Data on demographic characteristics, adverse family experiences during childhood and psychiatric backgrounds were collected via face-to-face interviews, and a psychometric evaluation was conducted using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28) and Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES)...
January 2, 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454958/clinical-features-and-surgical-management-of-cerebellopontine-angle-cholesteatoma-presented-as-trigeminal-neuralgia
#4
Ma Kai, Li Yongjie
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to differentiate patients with cerebellopontine angle (CPA) cholesteatoma and patients with primary trigeminal neuralgia(TN) just according to early symptoms. We aimed to explore the clinical characteristics, early diagnosis and microneurosurgical techniques for CPA cholesteatoma presented as trigeminal neuralgia. METHODS: The data of 26 patients who complained trigeminal neuralgia with cerebellopontine angle cholesteatoma between January 2009 and December 2015 were collected and studied retrospectively, they were diagnosed by MRI preoperatively and confirmed by pathology postoperatively...
February 15, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454176/efficacy-of-intensive-voice-feminisation-therapy-in-a-transgender-young-offender
#5
Sterling Quinn, Nathaniel Swain
Research suggests that transgender young offenders are a uniquely vulnerable caseload that may benefit from speech pathology intervention to help bring their voice into alignment with their gender identity. However, no previous studies have investigated treatment efficacy in this population. This study investigated the impact of intensive voice feminisation therapy targeting fundamental frequency and oral resonance in a 17 year old transgender individual within a youth justice institution. Acoustic analysis, listener and self-ratings of vocal femininity, self-ratings of vocal satisfaction, a post-treatment structured interview, and pre- and post- treatment completion of the Transsexual Voice Questionnaire (TVQ MtF ) were utilised to determine treatment impact...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453158/female-perpetrated-sexual-offences-reported-to-a-london-sexual-assault-referral-centre
#6
Louise Morgan, Lisa Long
A gender specific approach to understanding female sex offenders is important for developing prevention and treatment strategies, yet research to date is limited. While it is recognised that females often offend with another person, there has been little attempt to look beyond the two groupings of solo and co-offending and study females who offend in larger groups. Furthermore, very few studies have looked at the victims of these crimes and all of these have focussed on child victims only. The present work describes demographic and assault related characteristics of victims of all ages reporting a sexual assault by a female perpetrator to the Havens sexual assault referral centres in London, UK, in a five year period, with the aim of identifying victim, perpetrator and offence patterns in solo, pair and group sexual assaults...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452862/protective-effect-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-hla-allele-drb1-13-02-on-age-related-brain-gray-matter-volume-reduction-in-healthy-women
#7
Lisa M James, Peka Christova, Scott M Lewis, Brian E Engdahl, Angeliki Georgopoulos, Apostolos P Georgopoulos
BACKGROUND: Reduction of brain volume (brain atrophy) during healthy brain aging is well documented and dependent on genetic, lifestyle and environmental factors. Here we investigated the possible dependence of brain gray matter volume reduction in the absence of the Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) allele DRB1*13:02 which prevents brain atrophy in Gulf War Illness (James et al., 2017). METHODS: Seventy-one cognitively healthy women (32-69years old) underwent a structural Magnetic Resonance Imaging (sMRI) scan to measure the volumes of total gray matter, cerebrocortical gray matter, and subcortical gray matter...
February 8, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452326/awake-microvascular-decompression-for-trigeminal-neuralgia-concept-and-initial-results
#8
Saleem I Abdulrauf, Jorge F Urquiaga, Ritesh Patel, J Andrew Albers, Varun B Sampat, Meghan Baumer, Eric Marvin, Matthew Pierson, Raquel Kragel, Jodi Walsh
OBJECTIVE: The option of performing MVD under awake anesthesia protocol ("awake" MVD) was examined in this initial series to assess whether intraoperative pain evaluation can identify and mitigate insufficient decompression of the trigeminal nerve, improving surgical outcomes. Additionally, "awake" MVD could expand procedure indications for those with comorbidities that would prohibit general endotracheal anesthesia (GEA). METHODS: An IRB-approved prospective study of 10 consecutive adults who underwent MVD for TN was conducted...
February 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446010/phosphaturic-mesenchymal-tumors-what-an-endocrinologist-should-know
#9
REVIEW
J M Boland, P J Tebben, A L Folpe
Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO), also known as "oncogenic osteomalacia", is a rare cause of osteomalacia. TIO often has an insidious onset characterized clinically by progressive muscle weakness and bone pain with fractures. The hallmark biochemical finding is a persistent low serum phosphorus concentration due to renal phosphate wasting. The vast majority of cases of TIO result from production of the phosphaturic hormone fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) by a histologically distinctive mesenchymal tumor, termed "phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor" (PMT)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444628/assisting-the-investigation-of-stranger-rapes-predicting-the-criminal-record-of-u-k-stranger-rapists-from-their-crime-scene-behaviors
#10
Louise Almond, Michelle McManus, Amarat Bal, Freya O'Brien, Lee Rainbow, Mark Webb
Davies, Wittebrood, and Jackson (1997) were among the first to investigate whether offense behaviors are predictive of criminal history, with the findings of their paper then utilized by the National Crime Agency (NCA) Behavioral Investigative Advisors (BIAs) when assisting rape investigations. The aim of the study was to replicate this seminal paper with a larger contemporary sample of U.K. stranger rapists as identified by NCA. Data from 474 adult male stranger rapists were obtained in relation to 22 crime scene behaviors and nine preconviction variables...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438279/recent-updates-on-treatment-of-ocular-microbial-infections-by-stem-cell-therapy-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Seoh Wei Teh, Pooi Ling Mok, Munirah Abd Rashid, Mae-Lynn Catherine Bastion, Normala Ibrahim, Akon Higuchi, Kadarkarai Murugan, Rajan Mariappan, Suresh Kumar Subbiah
Ocular microbial infection has emerged as a major public health crisis during the past two decades. A variety of causative agents can cause ocular microbial infections; which are characterized by persistent and destructive inflammation of the ocular tissue; progressive visual disturbance; and may result in loss of visual function in patients if early and effective treatments are not received. The conventional therapeutic approaches to treat vision impairment and blindness resulting from microbial infections involve antimicrobial therapy to eliminate the offending pathogens or in severe cases; by surgical methods and retinal prosthesis replacing of the infected area...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437805/food-protein-induced-enterocolitis-syndrome-a-challenging-diagnosis
#12
Andreia Ribeiro, Diana Moreira, Cristina Costa, Isabel Pinto Pais
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity triggered by food proteins. It may present acutely, with repetitive vomiting, diarrhoea and lethargy leading to dehydration and eventually shock or insidiously with intermittent emesis, chronic diarrhoea or failure to thrive. We describe a paediatric male patient with recurrent sepsis-like episodes of fever, lethargy, ashen-grey skin colouration and vomiting followed by diarrhoea. These episodes were triggered by cow's milk formula and grains...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436698/-how-reliable-are-the-predictors-of-sexual-recidivism-moral-considerations-can-colour-the-judgement-of-pro-justitia-reporters
#13
L Huls, L Nentjes, T Rinne, B Verschuere
When estimating the risk of sexual recidivism, the specialised behavioural pro Justitia reporter in the Netherlands generally uses risk assessment tools, although it is the reporter who pronounces the final judgement.<br/> AIM: To examine which risk factors reporters take into account when assessing the risk of sexual recidivism, to test to what degree this assessment is based on the scientific accuracy of the risk factors and to what extent the assessment is influenced by moral considerations.<br/> METHOD: 151 reporters indicated how important they considered risk factors to be in the assessment of sexual recidivism risk in adult sex offenders...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435405/does-educational-marginalization-mediate-the-path-from-childhood-cumulative-risk-to-criminal-offending
#14
Starr J Solomon, Jukka Savolainen, W Alex Mason, Jouko Miettunen, Stacy-Ann A January, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
Purpose: Early exposure to multiple risk factors is known to predict involvement in criminal offending. The purpose of this study was to examine the processes responsible for this association. Specifically, the focus was on the capacity of adolescent educational experience to mediate the effect of childhood cumulative risk (CCR) on criminal offending, net of expected continuity in antisocial propensity and behavior. Methods: Data from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort Study 1986 ( n = 5,743) were used to estimate a structural equation model to examine the hypothesized pathways...
September 2017: Journal of Developmental and Life-course Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433811/tardive-dyskinesia-epidemiology
#15
REVIEW
Anelyssa D'Abreu, Umer Akbar, Joseph H Friedman
The term tardive syndrome (TS) encompasses a few different phenomenologic conditions, some of which occur in isolation and others in association with each other. This, along with the unusual confound for a drug side effect, in which increased use of the drug improves the problem, and the need for most patients to continue taking the offending drug, makes understanding the epidemiology difficult and unreliable. While the change from the "first generation" to the "second generation" of antipsychotic drugs is generally believed to have reduced the incidence of TS, prospective research studies have not supported that contention...
February 5, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431456/forensic-psychology-and-correctional-psychology-distinct-but-related-subfields-of-psychological-science-and-practice
#16
Tess M S Neal
This article delineates 2 separate but related subfields of psychological science and practice applicable across all major areas of the field (e.g., clinical, counseling, developmental, social, cognitive, community). Forensic and correctional psychology are related by their historical roots, involvement in the justice system, and the shared population of people they study and serve. The practical and ethical contexts of these subfields is distinct from other areas of psychology-and from one another-with important implications for ecologically valid research and ethically sound practice...
February 12, 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429819/how-marginalized-young-people-access-engage-with-and-navigate-health-care-systems-in-the-digital-age-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Fiona Robards, Melissa Kang, Tim Usherwood, Lena Sanci
PURPOSE: This systematic review examines how marginalized young people access and engage with health services and navigate health-care systems in high-income countries. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, PsychInfo, The University of Sydney Library database, and Google Scholar were searched to identify qualitative and quantitative original research, published from 2006 to 2017, that focused on selected definitions of marginalized young people (12 to 24 years), their parents/carers, and/or health professionals working with these populations...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426819/offenders-become-the-victim-in-virtual-reality-impact-of-changing-perspective-in-domestic-violence
#18
S Seinfeld, J Arroyo-Palacios, G Iruretagoyena, R Hortensius, L E Zapata, D Borland, B de Gelder, M Slater, M V Sanchez-Vives
The role of empathy and perspective-taking in preventing aggressive behaviors has been highlighted in several theoretical models. In this study, we used immersive virtual reality to induce a full body ownership illusion that allows offenders to be in the body of a victim of domestic abuse. A group of male domestic violence offenders and a control group without a history of violence experienced a virtual scene of abuse in first-person perspective. During the virtual encounter, the participants' real bodies were replaced with a life-sized virtual female body that moved synchronously with their own real movements...
February 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426252/evaluating-the-implementation-of-a-collaborative-juvenile-reentry-system-in-oakland-california
#19
Sonia Jain, Alison K Cohen, Priya Jagannathan, Yvette Leung, Henrissa Bassey, Sara Bedford
Traditional juvenile reentry systems often inadequately meet offenders' complex needs. Policymakers and researchers increasingly recognize the importance of a collaborative community- and development-based reentry system to improve recidivism, youth developmental outcomes, and public safety. Yet, system-level process evaluations of integrated reentry systems are scarce. California's Alameda County juvenile reentry system implemented evidence-based strategies and practices to better serve reentry youth. We report findings from a process evaluation, using data from 15 key stakeholder interviews, focus groups with community-based providers, a reentry system-wide stakeholder survey, site visit observations, and document reviews...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426251/risk-assessment-in-habitual-offenders-with-substance-use-problems-a-quasi-prospective-study-of-the-predictive-validity-of-the-hkt-30
#20
Sylvia Lammers, Lot Kokkelink, Hein deHaan
The predictive validity of the Dutch risk assessment instrument HKT-30 was investigated with a quasi-prospective design in a sample of habitual offenders with a substance use disorder (SUD). The study is reported according to RAGEE guidelines. The HKT-30 is an extension of the HCR-20. Files of 89 patients were coded and recidivism data were requested from the Ministry of Justice. Total scale scores and scores of the Clinical and Future scales were significantly predictive of recidivism for 1 and 2 years of time at risk, respectively...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
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