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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821214/the-construction-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-questionnaire-for-online-sexual-solicitation-and-interaction-of-minors-with-adults
#1
Manuel Gámez-Guadix, Patricia De Santisteban, Miguel Ángel Alcazar
The objective of this study was to develop a questionnaire to assess the online sexual solicitation and interactions of minors with adults in order to document the extent of this problem. The questionnaire was constructed in four phases: (a) a review of the previous literature; (b) interviews with convicted online child-sex offenders; (c) a review of the questionnaire items by experts; and (d) a pilot study of the questionnaire administered to adolescents. The validation sample consisted of 2,731 minors (12-15 years old, 50...
August 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818681/sanction-changes-and-drunk-driving-injuries-deaths-in-taiwan
#2
Yun-Shan Chan, Chin-Shyan Chen, Lanying Huang, Yu-I Peng
Driving under the influence (DUI) is one of the major causes of traffic accidents in Taiwan. About 5% of injuries involve DUI, and nearly 20% of deaths are due to alcohol-related crashes. During early 2006 to the end of 2014, the authorities in Taiwan increased the severity of fine and jail penalties for DUI offenders three times. At the same time, the monthly drunk-driving injures decreased nearly 40% and the monthly alcohol-related traffic death dropped more than 80%. In this paper, we examine the effects of sanction changes on the reduction of drunk-driving casualties during this period...
August 14, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817578/deliberate-self-harm-behavior-among-young-violent-offenders
#3
Natalie Laporte, Andrejs Ozolins, Sofie Westling, Åsa Westrin, Eva Billstedt, Björn Hofvander, Märta Wallinius
Deliberate self-harm behavior (DSH) can have profound effects on a person's quality of life, and challenges the health care system. Even though DSH has been associated with aggressive interpersonal behaviors, the knowledge on DSH in persons exhibiting such behaviors is scarce. This study aims to (1) specify the prevalence and character of DSH, (2) identify clinical, neurocognitive, psychosocial, and criminological characteristics associated with DSH, and (3) determine predictors of DSH among young violent offenders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816466/a-comparison-of-psychopathology-and-reoffending-in-female-and-male-convicted-firesetters
#4
Lauren Ducat, Troy McEwan, James R P Ogloff
Little is known about the psychopathological or criminal history characteristics of female firesetters, or how often women reoffend by firesetting. The current study is one of the few large-scale longitudinal investigations to compare key psychiatric and offending variables in female and male firesetters who are not incarcerated or known to be mentally disordered. In addition, the study aimed to identify the base rate of recidivism for female firesetters compared with males. The study compared all 143 female and 909 male firesetters convicted of arson and fire-related offenses between 2000 and 2009 in Victoria, Australia...
August 17, 2017: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814352/characteristics-of-drug-induced-anaphylaxis-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
Ozlem Cavkaytar, Betül Karaatmaca, Pınar Gur Cetinkaya, Saliha Esenboga, Ebru Arik Yilmaz, Umit M Sahiner, Bulent E Sekerel, Ozge Soyer
BACKGROUND: Although data on anaphylaxis in the general population exist for different allergens, there is still lack of detailed etiologic data on drug-induced anaphylaxis (DIA), particularly in children. OBJECTIVE: To define the etiology of DIA, to determine the accuracy of drug-related anaphylaxis histories, along with the severity and culprit drug associations among individuals <18 years old. METHODS: Patients with a history of drug hypersensitivity reaction (DHR) referred to our center between January 2012 and February 2016 were included...
September 1, 2017: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813207/examination-of-synthetic-cannabinoid-and-cathinone-use-among-a-drug-using-offender-sample-2013-2015
#6
Kirsten Elin Smith, Amanda M Bunting, Michele Staton, Robert Walker, Sara Shalash, Erin Winston, Kevin Pangburn
Use of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) such as synthetic cannabinoids (e.g., "Spice," "Serenity") and cathinones (e.g., "bath salts") has proliferated in recent years; however, there is a gap in research examining prevalence among offender samples. This study examined demographics, drug use, mental health characteristics, and criminal histories of NPS users compared to non-NPS users within an offender sample entering drug treatment. Using logistic regression analysis, combined 2013-2015 assessment data were examined (N = 8,791)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810133/floor-of-mouth-hematoma-following-dental-implant-placement-systematic-review-and-case-presentation
#7
REVIEW
Catherine Law, Peyman Alam, Farzad Borumandi
PURPOSE: The authors provide a structured review of reported cases of floor-of-mouth hematoma during or after dental implantation and frequent causes and management and present a related case. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online search of the medical literature was conducted from 1990 through 2016. The following search terms were used: floor of mouth hematoma, sublingual hematoma, dental implant hematoma, implant in mandible, and complication of dental implant. Abstracts were screened for relevance to the aims of the review...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808895/comparison-of-offender-and-non-offender-young-men-to-setting-goals-for-life-and-attributing-meaning-to-life
#8
Ali Eryılmaz
The main goal of the present study is to compare male offenders and non-offenders in terms of how they attribute meaning to life and set life goals. The samples were chosen from among offenders (n = 50) and non-offenders (n = 50) who were between ages 19-26. Mixed method was used in this study. The scale of setting life goals and interview form were used to collect data. To analysis of the data, the content analysis technique and t test and were used. Findings of the present study show that offenders tend to have troubles setting life goals when compared to non-offenders...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805389/overcoming-reductant-interference-in-peroxidase-based-assays-for-hydrogen-peroxide-quantification
#9
Shu Jiang, Michael H Penner
A problem commonly encountered when using peroxidase-based methods for hydrogen peroxide quantification in biobased matrixes is interference due to the presence of endogenous reductants. Such assays are typically based on the generation of an oxidized reporter molecule in direct proportion to the amount of hydrogen peroxide reduced in the peroxidase-catalyzed reaction. Endogenous reductants confound such assays by reducing the oxidized reporter molecule, thus resulting in underestimates of hydrogen peroxide content...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803592/brain-alterations-potentially-associated-with-aggression-and-terrorism
#10
Bernhard Bogerts, Maria Schöne, Stephanie Breitschuh
A large proportion of the persons who join terrorist groups as well as lone-acting terrorists have a history of violent behavior or mental disorder that predated their becoming terrorists. This suggests that brain alterations found to occur in violent perpetrators may also be present in a significant percentage of terrorists. After a short delineation of phylogenetically old neuronal networks that are important for the generation of aggressive behavior in inconspicuous brains, this review summarizes structural and functional brain-imaging studies in violent offenders published over the last 10 years...
August 14, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802938/impulse-control-and-related-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulse control disorders (ICDs), such as compulsive gambling, buying, sexual, and eating behaviors, are a serious and increasingly recognized complication in Parkinson's disease (PD), occurring in up to 20% of PD patients over the course of their illness. Related behaviors include punding (stereotyped, repetitive, purposeless behaviors), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) (compulsive medication overuse), and hobbyism (e.g., compulsive internet use, artistic endeavors, and writing). These disorders have a significant impact on quality of life and function, strain interpersonal relationships, and worsen caregiver burden, and are associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801514/bilateral-painful-tic-convulsif
#12
Valentina Fenech, Julian Cassar, Ludvic Zrinzo, Malcolm Vella
'Painful tic convulsif' (PTC) describes the coexistence of hemifacial spasm and trigeminal neuralgia. In this report, we describe a unique presentation of bilateral PTC in a man with bilateral hemifacial spasm and trigeminal neuralgia secondary to neurovascular conflict of all four cranial nerves. Following failed medical and radiofrequency therapy, microvascular decompression of three of the four involved nerves was performed, where the offending vessels were mobilised and Teflon used to prevent conflict recurrence...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799873/-birdlime-technique-using-tachosil-tissue-sealing-sheet-soaked-with-fibrin-glue-for-sutureless-vessel-transposition-in-microvascular-decompression-operative-technique-and-nuances
#13
Naoki Otani, Terushige Toyooka, Kazuya Fujii, Kosuke Kumagai, Satoru Takeuchi, Arata Tomiyama, Yasuaki Nakao, Takuji Yamamoto, Kojiro Wada, Kentaro Mori
OBJECTIVE Microvascular decompression (MVD) is effective for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia (TN), hemifacial spasm (HFS), and glossopharyngeal neuralgia. The transposition technique is the standard procedure to avoid adhesions and granuloma around the decompression site but is more complex and difficult to perform than the interposition technique. The authors describe a simple and safe MVD transposition procedure they call the "birdlime" technique, which uses a tissue glue-coated collagen sponge soaked with fibrin glue, and the results of this technique...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797200/the-polymorphism-of-dopamine-receptor-d4-drd4-and-dopamine-transporter-dat-genes-in-the-men-with-antisocial-behavior-and-mixed-martial-arts-fighters
#14
Elena Cherepkova, Vladimir Maksimov, Alexandr Kushnarev, Igor Shakhmatov, Lyubomir I Aftanas
OBJECTIVES: VNTR polymorphisms of DRD4 and DAT genes were studied in the Russian and Chechen men convicted of crimes, and two control groups comprised of the MMA fighters and a sample of general population. A group of MMA fighters included only the subjects without history of antisocial behavior. METHODS: DNA was isolated by phenol-chloroform extraction from the blood. Genotyping VNTR polymorphisms of the DRD4 and DAT genes were performed by PCR on published methods...
August 11, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797000/new-molecular-biological-and-immunological-agents-inducing-hypophysitis
#15
Anna Angelousi, Eleftherios Chatzellis, Gregory Kaltsas
<br>Hypophysitis is a relatively rare disease that exerts a strong autoimmune component encompassing different aetiologies. Immunomodulatory drugs, such as interferon-α, are known to rarely induce hypophysitis. In recent years a large number of new biological and immunomodulatory agents have been introduced into clinical practice. Although immune suppressing agents used for the treatment of autoimmune disorders only rarely are associated with hypophysitis, it is commonly encountered with immunomodulatory agents used for the treatment of cancer...
August 8, 2017: Neuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796534/pronoun-usage-in-online-sexual-predation
#16
Maxim V Baryshevtsev, Matthew S McGlone
We investigated pronoun usage by sexual predators in their online interactions with "decoys" (i.e., adults identifying themselves as children). Computerized text analysis was conducted for 561 instant messaging conversations between contact-driven solicitation offenders (CDSOs) and decoys. CDSOs not only used significantly fewer first-person and more second-person singular pronouns than the decoys but also used more second-person pronouns than adult romantic partners discussing their courtship. The other-focused nature of CDSOs' text messages is consistent with theories of the luring process positing predators' emphasis on making their targets feel special to initiate the cycle of entrapment...
August 10, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796106/surgical-treatment-of-hemifacial-spasm-caused-by-the-compression-of-internal-auditory-canal-of-facial-nerve
#17
Jin Zhu, Xin Zhang, Hua Zhao, Yin-Da Tang, Ting-Ting Ying, Shi-Ting Li
OBJECTIVE: To make out the way to distinguish the offending vessels compressed the internal auditory canal part of the facial nerve. METHODS: The hemifacial spasm patients were treated of microvascular decompression surgery with neurophysiologic monitoring. The patients were found that the internal auditory canal of the facial nerves was fully compressed, and the records of surgery monitoring were analyzed. RESULTS: All the patients were recorded the delay incubation period in electromyography monitoring, and all patients were hemifacial spasm free finally...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794798/mortality-of-young-offenders-a-national-register-based-follow-up-study-of-15-to-19-year-old-finnish-delinquents-referred-for-forensic-psychiatric-examination-between-1980-and-2010
#18
Nina Lindberg, Jouko Miettunen, Anni Heiskala, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: The mortality rate of young offenders is high. Furthermore, mortality in young offenders is associated with psychiatric and substance use disorders. The primary aim of this national register-based follow-up study was to investigate the mortality rate of Finnish delinquents who underwent a forensic psychiatric examination between 1980 and 2010. As delinquency is not a solid entity, we further aimed to compare the risk of premature death among different subgroups of the delinquents; violent versus non-violent offenders, offenders with alcohol use disorders versus those with no such diagnoses, offenders with schizophrenia spectrum disorders versus conduct- and personality-disordered offenders, under-aged versus young adult offenders, and, finally, boys versus girls...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793838/sociodemographic-predictors-of-sex-offender-stigma-how-politics-impact-attitudes-social-distance-and-perceptions-of-sex-offender-recidivism
#19
Joseph S DeLuca, John Vaccaro, Amalia Rudnik, Nicole Graham, Anna Giannicchi, Philip T Yanos
Stigma toward general criminal offenders has been found to be particularly salient among community members who identify as politically conservative; however, less is known about how political identification relates to stigma toward sex offenders. This is a particularly important area of inquiry, given that criminal jurisprudence and politics legitimatize stigmatizing labels attributed to sex offenders through laws and policies that apply specifically to this group. A nonrandom sample ( N = 518) of participants living in the United States was recruited for this survey study...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791492/perceived-police-injustice-moral-disengagement-and-aggression-among-juvenile-offenders-utilizing-the-general-strain-theory-model
#20
Tamika C B Zapolski, Devin E Banks, Katherine S L Lau, Matthew C Aalsma
Although many juvenile offenders report experiencing police injustice, few studies have examined how this source of strain may impact youths' behavioral outcomes, including risk for future recidivism. This study begins to address that gap in the literature. We applied the general strain theory as our theoretical framework to examine the interactive effect of perceived police injustice and moral disengagement on juvenile aggressive behavior. Our sample included 95 juvenile offenders who completed questionnaires on measures of perceived police injustice and moral disengagement...
August 8, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
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