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Miranda Olff
Psychotraumatology is on the move. Worldwide, there is an increasing awareness of the negative impact of psychotrauma, which is reflected in the number of publications on the topic. These publications become more and more available to the public (Open Access), even more so than in other fields, and thus lead to quicker implementation of research findings. In this editorial, the editor of the European Journal of Psychotraumatology (EJPT) provides a brief review of how the journal has been doing, including recent accomplishments, some metrics and the ESTSS EJPT award for best paper of 2017, and identifies a number of priorities for the next year...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Lucas J B van Oudheusden, Merijn Eikelenboom, Harold J G M van Megen, Henny A D Visser, Koen Schruers, Gert-Jan Hendriks, Nic van der Wee, Adriaan W Hoogendoorn, Patricia van Oppen, Anton J L M van Balkom
BACKGROUND: The course of illness in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) varies significantly between patients. Little is known about factors predicting a chronic course of illness. The aim of this study is to identify factors involved in inducing and in maintaining chronicity in OCD. METHODS: The present study is embedded within the Netherlands Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Association (NOCDA) study, an ongoing multicenter naturalistic cohort study designed to identify predictors of long-term course and outcome in OCD...
January 9, 2018: Psychological Medicine
F Askenazy, L Chauvelin, M Gindt, S Thümmler
The attack on 14 July 2016 in Nice on the Promenade des Anglais caused major trauma for individuals directly or indirectly impacted by the horror of the terrorist attack, mainly families and children. It was the first time in France that a pediatric population aged from several months to 18 years was impacted by an event of such magnitude. The literature underlines the importance of taking into account, over the longer term, the side effects of such a psychotrauma in the pediatric population, especially in children under 6 years of age...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Mirjam A Rinne-Albers, J Nienke Pannekoek, Marie-José van Hoof, Natasja D van Lang, Francien Lamers-Winkelman, Serge A Rombouts, Nic J van der Wee, Robert R Vermeiren
Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) substantially increase the risk of later psychiatric and somatic pathology. While neurobiological factors are likely to play a mediating role, specific insights are lacking. The scarce neuroimaging studies in traumatised pediatric populations have provided inconsistent results, potentially due to the inclusion of different types of trauma. To further improve our understanding of the neurobiology of pediatric psychotrauma, this study seeks to investigate abnormalities in grey matter volume (GMV) in a homogeneous group of adolescents with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and the relationship between GMV and symptom severity...
November 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Nenad Jakšić, Branka Aukst Margetić, Darko Marčinko
BACKGROUND: War veterans with PTSD have a high chance of developing major depressive disorder (MDD) at some point, while they can also exhibit increased suicidal tendencies. The primary goal of this research was to investigate whether personality dimensions, including temperament, character, and trait impulsivity, were associated with comorbid MDD, as well as with suicidal ideation in psychiatric patients suffering from combat-related PTSD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 148 Croatian male war veterans (mean age 49...
March 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Ce Yang, Jie Gao, Juan Du, Haiyan Wang, Jianxin Jiang, Zhengguo Wang
BACKGROUND: Rescue after a maritime disaster remains a great challenge in emergency medicine. OBJECTIVE: We performed an overview of rescue efforts among the victims in the sunken cruise ship Eastern Star in the 2015 Changjiang River marine disaster, as well as possible preventive measures in maritime transport situations. METHODS: The rescue records of 454 victims of the sunken ship were analyzed retrospectively. Their demographic data, rescue effects, accident inducement, and injury disposition were reviewed...
February 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Deba Choudhury-Peters, Vicky Dain
Adults presenting to oral and maxillofacial surgery services are at high risk of psychological morbidity. Research by the Institute of Psychotrauma and the centre for oral and maxillofacial surgery trauma clinic at the Royal London hospital (2015) demonstrated nearly 40% of patients met diagnostic criteria for either depression, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, alcohol misuse, or substance misuse, or were presenting with facial appearance distress. Most facial injury patients were not receiving mental health assessment or treatment, and the maxillofacial team did not have direct access to psychological services...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Jana Javakhishvilli, Mariel Meewisse, Dorota Merecz-Kot, Vedat Şar, Ingo Schäfer, Ulrich Schnyder, Berthold P R Gersons
There is a lack of knowledge about the state of affairs of the trauma treatments in Europe. To start to fill in this gap, key persons from seven European countries-Georgia, Germany, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland, and Turkey-accepted the invitation to give their expert opinion on the state of affairs in their country at an invited panel discussion at the XIV 2015 ESTSS Conference in Vilnius, Lithuania. Brief reports from the seven countries reveal significant diversities among different European countries in terms of awareness of health problems related to trauma, the availability of trauma treatments, and treatment approaches...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Beata Stepniak, Sergi Papiol, Christian Hammer, Anna Ramin, Sarah Everts, Lena Hennig, Martin Begemann, Hannelore Ehrenreich
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, as first evidenced by twin studies. Extensive efforts have been made to identify the genetic roots of schizophrenia, including large genome-wide association studies, but these yielded very small effect sizes for individual markers. In this study, we aimed to assess the relative contribution of genome-wide association study-derived genetic versus environmental risk factors to crucial determinants of schizophrenia severity: disease onset, disease severity, and socioeconomic measures...
November 2014: Lancet Psychiatry
Vania Ranjbar, Monika S Näslund, Emme-Li Vingare, Christina Hagelthorn, Liselotte Englund, Ingvar Karlsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Els P M van Meijel, Maj R Gigengack, Eva Verlinden, Brent C Opmeer, Hugo A Heij, J Carel Goslings, Frank W Bloemers, Jan S K Luitse, Frits Boer, Martha A Grootenhuis, Ramón J L Lindauer
BACKGROUND: Children and their parents are at risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following injury due to pediatric accidental trauma. Screening could help predict those at greatest risk and provide an opportunity for monitoring so that early intervention may be provided. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Screening Tool for Early Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (STEPP) in a mixed-trauma sample in a non-English speaking country (the Netherlands). METHODS: Children aged 8-18 and one of their parents were recruited in two academic level I trauma centers...
May 12, 2015: BMC Psychiatry
Ulrike Schmidt, Martin E Keck, Dominik R Buell
In the last couple of years, non-coding (nc) RNAs like micro-RNAs (miRNAs), small interference RNAs (siRNAs) and long ncRNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as promising candidates for biomarkers and drug-targets in a variety of psychiatric disorders. In contrast to reports on ncRNAs in affective disorders, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders, manuscripts on ncRNAs in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated animal models are scarce. Aiming to stimulate ncRNA research in PTSD and to identify the hitherto most promising ncRNA candidates and associated pathways for psychotrauma research, we conducted the first review on ncRNAs in PTSD...
June 2015: Journal of Psychiatric Research
A Clarner, J Krahl, W Uter, H Drexler, A Martin
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Accidents, assaults and suicides occur quite frequently in public transportation. As a result of such extreme events at work, drivers are particularly prone to psychotrauma (PT). Therefore accident insurers stipulate support from the accident site to workplace reintegration with the inclusion of occupational medicine. The present study investigates the incidence, factors influencing psychological trauma as well as the occupational health-care after critical incidents...
March 2015: Das Gesundheitswesen
Nenad Jakšić, Branka Aukst-Margetić, Darko Marčinko, Lovorka Brajković, Mladen Lončar, Miro Jakovljević
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors is rather frequent among war veterans, particularly those suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Understanding factors present within these individuals that increase suicide risk may inform prevention efforts. The present study aimed to determine whether the dimensions of temperament and character are associated with various aspects of suicidality among Croatian war veterans with PTSD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A sample of 72 Croatian male war veterans (mean age 52...
March 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
E Antonetti Ndiaye, S Fall, L Beltran
AIM: To present the results of multidisciplinary care model for excised women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Qualitative retrospective study on multidisciplinary care between 2007 and 2012 within Excised Women Care Unit. Patients are seen by three specialists: a gynecologist obstetrician, a psychotrauma therapist and anthropologist, a psycho-sexologist. The Unit welcomes any excised woman, whatever are her demands. Women wishing for a clitoridian surgery meet systematically the three specialists...
November 2015: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Laurent Tatu, Julien Bogousslavsky
During the First World War, military physicians from the belligerent countries were faced with soldiers suffering from psychotrauma with often unheard of clinical signs, such as camptocormia. These varied clinical presentations took the form of abnormal movements, deaf-mutism, mental confusion, and delusional disorders. In Anglo-Saxon countries, the term 'shell shock' was used to define these disorders. The debate on whether the war was responsible for these disorders divided mobilized neuropsychiatrists. In psychological theories, war is seen as the principal causal factor...
2014: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
Marko Martinac, Davor Pehar, Dalibor Karlović, Dragan Babić, Darko Marcinko, Miro Jakovljević
Depression has been associated with various cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia. In depressive disorder, hyperactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and changes in the immune system have been observed. On the other hand, somatic diseases such as obesity, hyperlipidemia, hypertension and diabetes mellitus type 2 are now perceived as important comorbid conditions in patients with depression. The pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome and depression is complex and poorly researched; however, it is considered that the interaction of chronic stress, psychotrauma, hypercotisolism and disturbed immune functions contribute to the development of these disorders...
March 2014: Acta Clinica Croatica
Jessie L Frijling, Mirjam van Zuiden, Saskia B J Koch, Laura Nawijn, J Carel Goslings, Jan S Luitse, Tessa H Biesheuvel, Adriaan Honig, Fred C Bakker, Damiaan Denys, Dick J Veltman, Miranda Olff
BACKGROUND: Currently few evidence based interventions are available for the prevention of PTSD within the first weeks after trauma. Increased risk for PTSD development is associated with dysregulated fear and stress responses prior to and shortly after trauma, as well as with a lack of perceived social support early after trauma. Oxytocin is a potent regulator of these processes. Therefore, we propose that oxytocin may be important in reducing adverse consequences of trauma. The 'BONDS' study is conducted in order to assess the efficacy of an early intervention with intranasal oxytocin for the prevention of PTSD...
March 28, 2014: BMC Psychiatry
Jonathan I Bisson
The inconsistent implementation of evidence-based practice has become a significant concern in the traumatic stress field. The European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ESTSS) has played a major role in highlighting this issue and has contributed to a number of European initiatives to improve dissemination and implementation. Key initiatives include the introduction of the ESTSS General Certificate in Psychotrauma Psychotraumatology and the European Network for Traumatic Stress (TENTS); these are discussed in this paper...
2013: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Miranda Olff
Although European countries differ widely in their approach to psychotrauma and its consequences, with 20 years of European psychotraumatology in the form of the European Society for Traumatic Studies (ESTSS) there is now increasing dissemination of evidence-based care reaching more and more professionals and scholars in Europe. The society has moved forward to become a European umbrella organization serving many different European countries and cultures. This article describes the process of the restructuring and how ESTSS has grown from collaboration with other traumatic stress partners inside and outside Europe...
2013: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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