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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727034/understanding-the-outcome-in-the-chinese-changjiang-disaster-in%C3%A2-2015-a-retrospective-study
#1
Ce Yang, Jie Gao, Juan Du, Haiyan Wang, Jianxin Jiang, Zhengguo Wang
BACKGROUND: Rescue after a maritime disaster remains a great challenge in emergency medicine. OBJECTIVE: We performed an overview of rescue efforts among the victims in the sunken cruise ship Eastern Star in the 2015 Changjiang River marine disaster, as well as possible preventive measures in maritime transport situations. METHODS: The rescue records of 454 victims of the sunken ship were analyzed retrospectively. Their demographic data, rescue effects, accident inducement, and injury disposition were reviewed...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493750/developing-psychological-services-following-facial-trauma
#2
Deba Choudhury-Peters, Vicky Dain
Adults presenting to oral and maxillofacial surgery services are at high risk of psychological morbidity. Research by the Institute of Psychotrauma and the centre for oral and maxillofacial surgery trauma clinic at the Royal London hospital (2015) demonstrated nearly 40% of patients met diagnostic criteria for either depression, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, alcohol misuse, or substance misuse, or were presenting with facial appearance distress. Most facial injury patients were not receiving mental health assessment or treatment, and the maxillofacial team did not have direct access to psychological services...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26996534/trauma-treatment-across-europe-where-do-we-stand-now-from-a-perspective-of-seven-countries
#3
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Jana Javakhishvilli, Mariel Meewisse, Dorota Merecz-Kot, Vedat Şar, Ingo Schäfer, Ulrich Schnyder, Berthold P R Gersons
There is a lack of knowledge about the state of affairs of the trauma treatments in Europe. To start to fill in this gap, key persons from seven European countries-Georgia, Germany, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland, and Turkey-accepted the invitation to give their expert opinion on the state of affairs in their country at an invited panel discussion at the XIV 2015 ESTSS Conference in Vilnius, Lithuania. Brief reports from the seven countries reveal significant diversities among different European countries in terms of awareness of health problems related to trauma, the availability of trauma treatments, and treatment approaches...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26361199/accumulated-environmental-risk-determining-age-at-schizophrenia-onset-a-deep-phenotyping-based-study
#4
Beata Stepniak, Sergi Papiol, Christian Hammer, Anna Ramin, Sarah Everts, Lena Hennig, Martin Begemann, Hannelore Ehrenreich
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors, as first evidenced by twin studies. Extensive efforts have been made to identify the genetic roots of schizophrenia, including large genome-wide association studies, but these yielded very small effect sizes for individual markers. In this study, we aimed to assess the relative contribution of genome-wide association study-derived genetic versus environmental risk factors to crucial determinants of schizophrenia severity: disease onset, disease severity, and socioeconomic measures...
November 2014: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26073210/the-swedish-psychotrauma-society-joining-forces-for-a-national-psychotrauma-platform-from-a-multidisciplinary-and-holistic-approach
#5
Vania Ranjbar, Monika S Näslund, Emme-Li Vingare, Christina Hagelthorn, Liselotte Englund, Ingvar Karlsson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25963994/predicting-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-children-and-parents-following-accidental-child-injury-evaluation-of-the-screening-tool-for-early-predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-stepp
#6
Els P M van Meijel, Maj R Gigengack, Eva Verlinden, Brent C Opmeer, Hugo A Heij, J Carel Goslings, Frank W Bloemers, Jan S K Luitse, Frits Boer, Martha A Grootenhuis, Ramón J L Lindauer
BACKGROUND: Children and their parents are at risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following injury due to pediatric accidental trauma. Screening could help predict those at greatest risk and provide an opportunity for monitoring so that early intervention may be provided. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Screening Tool for Early Predictors of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (STEPP) in a mixed-trauma sample in a non-English speaking country (the Netherlands). METHODS: Children aged 8-18 and one of their parents were recruited in two academic level I trauma centers...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25896120/mirnas-and-other-non-coding-rnas-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-and-animal-studies
#7
REVIEW
Ulrike Schmidt, Martin E Keck, Dominik R Buell
In the last couple of years, non-coding (nc) RNAs like micro-RNAs (miRNAs), small interference RNAs (siRNAs) and long ncRNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as promising candidates for biomarkers and drug-targets in a variety of psychiatric disorders. In contrast to reports on ncRNAs in affective disorders, schizophrenia and anxiety disorders, manuscripts on ncRNAs in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associated animal models are scarce. Aiming to stimulate ncRNA research in PTSD and to identify the hitherto most promising ncRNA candidates and associated pathways for psychotrauma research, we conducted the first review on ncRNAs in PTSD...
June 2015: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25799380/-psychotrauma-after-occupational-accidents-in-public-transportation-a-pilot-study-to-support-concepts-influencing-factors-and-occupational-health-care
#8
A Clarner, J Krahl, W Uter, H Drexler, A Martin
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Accidents, assaults and suicides occur quite frequently in public transportation. As a result of such extreme events at work, drivers are particularly prone to psychotrauma (PT). Therefore accident insurers stipulate support from the accident site to workplace reintegration with the inclusion of occupational medicine. The present study investigates the incidence, factors influencing psychological trauma as well as the occupational health-care after critical incidents...
March 2015: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25751432/temperament-character-and-suicidality-among-croatian-war-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Nenad Jakšić, Branka Aukst-Margetić, Darko Marčinko, Lovorka Brajković, Mladen Lončar, Miro Jakovljević
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of suicidal thoughts and behaviors is rather frequent among war veterans, particularly those suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Understanding factors present within these individuals that increase suicide risk may inform prevention efforts. The present study aimed to determine whether the dimensions of temperament and character are associated with various aspects of suicidality among Croatian war veterans with PTSD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A sample of 72 Croatian male war veterans (mean age 52...
March 2015: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25721349/-benefits-of-multidisciplinary-care-for-excised-women
#10
E Antonetti Ndiaye, S Fall, L Beltran
AIM: To present the results of multidisciplinary care model for excised women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Qualitative retrospective study on multidisciplinary care between 2007 and 2012 within Excised Women Care Unit. Patients are seen by three specialists: a gynecologist obstetrician, a psychotrauma therapist and anthropologist, a psycho-sexologist. The Unit welcomes any excised woman, whatever are her demands. Women wishing for a clitoridian surgery meet systematically the three specialists...
November 2015: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25273498/world-war-i-psychoneuroses-hysteria-goes-to-war
#11
REVIEW
Laurent Tatu, Julien Bogousslavsky
During the First World War, military physicians from the belligerent countries were faced with soldiers suffering from psychotrauma with often unheard of clinical signs, such as camptocormia. These varied clinical presentations took the form of abnormal movements, deaf-mutism, mental confusion, and delusional disorders. In Anglo-Saxon countries, the term 'shell shock' was used to define these disorders. The debate on whether the war was responsible for these disorders divided mobilized neuropsychiatrists. In psychological theories, war is seen as the principal causal factor...
2014: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24974667/metabolic-syndrome-activity-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-and-inflammatory-mediators-in-depressive-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Marko Martinac, Davor Pehar, Dalibor Karlović, Dragan Babić, Darko Marcinko, Miro Jakovljević
Depression has been associated with various cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia. In depressive disorder, hyperactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and changes in the immune system have been observed. On the other hand, somatic diseases such as obesity, hyperlipidemia, hypertension and diabetes mellitus type 2 are now perceived as important comorbid conditions in patients with depression. The pathogenesis of the metabolic syndrome and depression is complex and poorly researched; however, it is considered that the interaction of chronic stress, psychotrauma, hypercotisolism and disturbed immune functions contribute to the development of these disorders...
March 2014: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24679046/efficacy-of-oxytocin-administration-early-after-psychotrauma-in-preventing-the-development-of-ptsd-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jessie L Frijling, Mirjam van Zuiden, Saskia B J Koch, Laura Nawijn, J Carel Goslings, Jan S Luitse, Tessa H Biesheuvel, Adriaan Honig, Fred C Bakker, Damiaan Denys, Dick J Veltman, Miranda Olff
BACKGROUND: Currently few evidence based interventions are available for the prevention of PTSD within the first weeks after trauma. Increased risk for PTSD development is associated with dysregulated fear and stress responses prior to and shortly after trauma, as well as with a lack of perceived social support early after trauma. Oxytocin is a potent regulator of these processes. Therefore, we propose that oxytocin may be important in reducing adverse consequences of trauma. The 'BONDS' study is conducted in order to assess the efficacy of an early intervention with intranasal oxytocin for the prevention of PTSD...
2014: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23755325/disseminating-and-implementing-evidence-based-practice
#14
Jonathan I Bisson
The inconsistent implementation of evidence-based practice has become a significant concern in the traumatic stress field. The European Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ESTSS) has played a major role in highlighting this issue and has contributed to a number of European initiatives to improve dissemination and implementation. Key initiatives include the introduction of the ESTSS General Certificate in Psychotrauma Psychotraumatology and the European Network for Traumatic Stress (TENTS); these are discussed in this paper...
2013: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23755320/psychotraumatology-rich-in-international-and-cross-cultural-collaboration
#15
Miranda Olff
Although European countries differ widely in their approach to psychotrauma and its consequences, with 20 years of European psychotraumatology in the form of the European Society for Traumatic Studies (ESTSS) there is now increasing dissemination of evidence-based care reaching more and more professionals and scholars in Europe. The society has moved forward to become a European umbrella organization serving many different European countries and cultures. This article describes the process of the restructuring and how ESTSS has grown from collaboration with other traumatic stress partners inside and outside Europe...
2013: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23671764/psychotraumatology-in-the-netherlands
#16
Eric Vermetten, Miranda Olff
The contribution to psychotrauma literature from Dutch authors has a long tradition. The relatively high lifetime prevalence of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is not unique for the Netherlands and does not fully explain the interest in trauma and its consequences. In this overview of psychotraumatology in the Netherlands, we will discuss some of the key events and processes that contribute to the current interest. We outlined the historical basis and development of the field in the Netherlands, including the impact of World War II, the effects of major man-made or natural disasters, engagement in military conflicts, as well as smaller scale traumatic events like sexual abuse and traffic accidents...
2013: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23671758/psychotrauma-research-in-the-netherlands
#17
Miranda Olff, Eric Vermetten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23200772/subgroup-classification-in-patients-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures
#18
REVIEW
N M G Bodde, S J M van der Kruijs, D M Ijff, R H C Lazeron, K E J Vonck, P A J M Boon, A P Aldenkamp
INTRODUCTION: In this open non-controlled clinical cohort study, the applicability of a theoretical model for the diagnosis of psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) was studied in order to define a general psychological profile and to specify possible subgroups. METHODS: Forty PNES patients were assessed with a PNES "test battery" consisting of eleven psychological instruments, e.g., a trauma checklist, the global cognitive level, mental flexibility, speed of information processing, personality factors, dissociation, daily hassles and stress and coping factors...
March 2013: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23038956/-psychogenetic-neurological-disorders-in-draft-age-personnel
#19
L A Akhmetianov, A V Ovchinnikov
The tendency of psychogenetic neurological disorders increases with predominance in young persons being students of high schools, students of military, technical and other lyceum was shown. The origin of diseases are psychotraumas (family, work), stress. Also genetic and hereditary factors take place that are indicative for individual rehabilitation organization. The basics of psychosomatic diseases pathogenesis are the disintegration mechanisms in brain structure activity,the disorders of integrative apparatus which provides the relationship between somatic, emotional and vegetative functions...
July 2012: Voenno-medit︠s︡inskiĭ Zhurnal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23013633/psychiatric-and-health-impact-of-primary-and-secondary-traumatization-in-wives-of-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Miro Klarić, Tanja Frančišković, Edita Cerni Obrdalj, Daniela Petrić, Dolores Britvić, Nikolina Zovko
BACKGROUND: Along with primary traumatization, wives of PTSD-diagnosed war veterans often become victims of the altered and dysfunctional state of their partners, which adds to the severity of symptoms of primary traumatization and furthers the development of other mental disorders. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of primary and secondary traumatization in wives of PTSD-diagnosed war veterans and wives of war veterans without PTSD. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The experimental group consisted of 154 wives whose veteran husbands had been treated in Mostar Clinical Hospital for psychotrauma-induced PTSD...
September 2012: Psychiatria Danubina
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