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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231685/unmet-psychosocial-needs-in-adolescents-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are severe medical conditions with adverse impact on the quality of life of both children and their caregivers. IBD are associated with many limitations in personal and interpersonal functioning, and it also restricts the patients' ability to use the full potential (extent) of their capabilities. With the progress and humanization in society, the issue of patients' needs became an important topic; however, the psychosocial functioning and quality of life of adolescents suffering from IBD and their caregivers have been understudied...
October 24, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231650/blood-sparing-efficacy-of-oral-tranexamic-acid-in-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Qunn Jid Lee, Wai Yee Ching, Yiu Chung Wong
Purpose: Tranexamic acid (TXA) is effective in reducing blood loss in primary total knee replacement. Almost all studies used an intravenous form or a topical form. The aim of this study was to assess the blood sparing efficacy and the safety of oral TXA. Materials and Methods: All patients with primary total knee replacement performed in our institute from January 2015 to October 2015 were eligible. Oral TXA group was given 1 g oral TXA 2 hours before induction of anesthesia and 6 hours and 12 hours postoperatively...
March 1, 2017: Knee Surgery & related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231632/reliability-and-validity-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-self-care-ability-scale-for-the-elderly
#3
Han Gao, Ulrika Söderhamn, Christina Cliffordson, Lina Guo, Qiyun Guo, Kun Liu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To translate the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly into Simplified Chinese, and to test the Chinese version of the scale regarding its reliability and validity among older people. BACKGROUND: Self-care is an important topic in nursing. When assessing older people's self-care ability, it is essential that a reliable and valid instrument is used. DESIGN: This study employed across-sectional design. METHODS: We translated the English version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly into Simplified Chinese according to Brislin's translation guidelines, and carried out a questionnaire survey among 610 older people, including both community-dwelling people and hospital patients, in Jinzhou City, People's Republic of China...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231425/practice-patterns-regarding-multidisciplinary-cancer-management-and-suggestions-for-further-refinement-results-from-a-national-survey-in-korea
#4
Yun-Gyoo Lee, Sukjoong Oh, Heejin Kimm, Dong-Hoe Koo, Do Yeun Kim, Bong-Seog Kim, Seung-Sei Lee
Purpose: This study was conducted to explore the process and operation of a cancer multidisciplinary team (MDT) after the reimbursement decision in Korea, and to identify ways to overcome the major barriers to effective and sustainable MDTs. Materials and Methods: Approximately 1000 cancer specialists, including medical oncologists, surgical oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, and radiologists in general hospitals in Korea were invited to complete the survey...
February 22, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231418/exploring-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-refusal-among-ethnic-minorities-in-england-a-comparative-qualitative-study
#5
Alice S Forster, Lauren Rockliffe, Laura A V Marlow, Helen Bedford, Emily McBride, Jo Waller
OBJECTIVES: In England, uptake of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination to prevent HPV-related cancer is lower among girls from ethnic minority backgrounds. We aimed to explore the factors that prevented ethnic minority parents from vaccinating, compared to White British non-vaccinating parents and vaccinating ethnic minority parents. METHODS: Interviews with 33 parents (n = 14 ethnic minority non-vaccinating, n = 10 White British non-vaccinating, n = 9 ethnic minority vaccinating) explored parents' reasons for giving or withholding consent for HPV vaccination...
February 23, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231367/fiddler-s-neck-a-review
#6
Calvin W Myint, Amy L Rutt, Robert T Sataloff
Fiddler's neck is a common dermatologic condition associated with instrument use in violin and viola players. It typically manifests as a submandibular and/or supraclavicular lesion. It is a benign condition, but it may be mistaken for lymphedema or a salivary gland malignancy. Otolaryngologists who treat patients with fiddler's neck should be aware of appropriate management protocols and the need to avoid surgical excision. We obtained informed consent from 3 violinists to present their cases as specific examples of fiddler's neck...
February 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231337/4d-dose-simulation-in-volumetric-arc-therapy-accuracy-and-affecting-parameters
#7
Thilo Sothmann, Tobias Gauer, René Werner
Radiotherapy of lung and liver lesions has changed from normofractioned 3D-CRT to stereotactic treatment in a single or few fractions, often employing volumetric arc therapy (VMAT)-based techniques. Potential unintended interference of respiratory target motion and dynamically changing beam parameters during VMAT dose delivery motivates establishing 4D quality assurance (4D QA) procedures to assess appropriateness of generated VMAT treatment plans when taking into account patient-specific motion characteristics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231060/improving-quality-in-the-preanalytical-phase-through-innovation-on-behalf-of-the-european-federation-for-clinical-chemistry-and-laboratory-medicine-eflm-working-group-for-preanalytical-phase-wg-pre
#8
Giuseppe Lippi, Geoffrey S Baird, Giuseppe Banfi, Karin Bölenius, Janne Cadamuro, Stephen Church, Michael P Cornes, Anna Dacey, Antoine Guillon, Georg Hoffmann, Mads Nybo, Lakdasa Devananda Premawardhana, María Salinas, Sverre Sandberg, Robbert Slingerland, Ana Stankovic, Sylte Marit Sverresdotter, Pieter Vermeersch, Ana-Maria Simundic
It is now undeniable that laboratory testing is vital for the diagnosis, prognostication and therapeutic monitoring of human disease. Despite the many advances made for achieving a high degree of quality and safety in the analytical part of diagnostic testing, many hurdles in the total testing process remain, especially in the preanalytical phase ranging from test ordering to obtaining and managing the biological specimens. The Working Group for the Preanalytical Phase (WG-PRE) of the European Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (EFLM) has planned many activities aimed at mitigating the vulnerability of the preanalytical phase, including the organization of three European meetings in the past 7 years...
February 23, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231036/aqueous-humor-penetration-and-biological-activity-of-moxifloxacin-0-5-ophthalmic-solution-alone-or-with-dexamethasone-0-1
#9
Rachel L R Gomes, Rodrigo Galvão Viana, Luiz Alberto S Melo, Alessandro Carvalho Cruz, Eunice Mayumi Suenaga, Kenneth R Kenyon, Mauro Campos
PURPOSE: To compare aqueous humor concentrations of topically applied moxifloxacin 0.5% ophthalmic solution alone or in combination with dexamethasone 0.1% and to correlate these concentrations with the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) for common endophthalmitis-causing organisms. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients undergoing routine phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation received either moxifloxacin 0.5% alone or moxifloxacin 0.5% combined with dexamethasone...
March 2017: Journal of Ocular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230779/validity-and-reliability-of-general-nutrition-knowledge-questionnaire-for-adults-in-uganda
#10
Richard Bukenya, Abhiya Ahmed, Jeanette M Andrade, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, John Muyonga, Juan E Andrade
This study sought to develop and validate a general nutrition knowledge questionnaire (GNKQ) for Ugandan adults. The initial draft consisted of 133 items on five constructs associated with nutrition knowledge; expert recommendations (16 items), food groups (70 items), selecting food (10 items), nutrition and disease relationship (23 items), and food fortification in Uganda (14 items). The questionnaire validity was evaluated in three studies. For the content validity (study 1), a panel of five content matter nutrition experts reviewed the GNKQ draft before and after face validity...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230691/original-research-how-to-create-a-poster-that-attracts-an-audience
#11
Sandra L Siedlecki
: : Background: Nurses developing a poster presentation for the first time who look for guidance in the literature will find many articles offering recommendations on format and style, but these are based on opinion rather than evidence. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the attributes of a poster that improved the chance that nursing conference attendees would read it. METHODS: A mixed-methods descriptive study employing survey methodology was used to assess the perceptions of nurses attending poster sessions at a two-day nursing conference...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230685/first-letters-from-red-cross-nurses
#12
(no author information available yet)
Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
March 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230450/characteristics-and-medication-use-of-psoriasis-patients-who-may-or-may-not-qualify-for-randomized-controlled-trials
#13
William Malatestinic, Beth Nordstrom, Jashin J Wu, Orin Goldblum, Kathleen Solotkin, Chen-Yen Lin, Kristin Kistler, Kathy Fraeman, Joseph Johnston, Lcdr Lesley Hawley, Nicholas Sicignano, Andre Araujo
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials impose exclusion criteria that may limit the generalizability of results. OBJECTIVES: To (a) determine the percentage of real-world patients who would qualify for psoriasis randomized controlled trials; (b) ascertain differences between moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients who would be eligible, ineligible, or potentially eligible for clinical trials; and (c) compare their biologic treatment patterns. METHODS: Moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients were identified from the U...
March 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230440/late-gastrointestinal-effects-of-pelvic-radiation-a-nurse-led-service
#14
Helen Ludlow, John Green, Jeff Turner
There are currently at least 2 million people in the UK living with and following a cancer diagnosis. Typically four out of every ten people with cancer will receive radiotherapy, but a large proportion of people who have pelvic radiotherapy may go on to develop gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. This includes rectal bleeding and faecal incontinence, which can have a huge impact on quality of life. These problems often go under-reported by patients and are also under-recognised or under-treated by health professionals...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230432/nursing-children-and-young-people-what-mental-health-training-is-required
#15
Leah Thomas
AIM: The aim of this research was to investigate the views of children and young people's nurses on the mental health training they had received and what recommendations they would make for future staff training. METHOD: Nine such nurses who had experience of nursing young people following self-harm or a suicide attempt were recruited. Data were collected using individual 45-minute semi-structured interviews and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230354/chemical-modification-of-semiconductor-surfaces-for-molecular-electronics
#16
Ayelet Vilan, David Cahen
Inserting molecular monolayers within metal/semiconductor interfaces provides one of the most powerful expressions of how minute chemical modifications can affect electronic devices. This topic also has direct importance for technology as it can help improve the efficiency of a variety of electronic devices such as solar cells, LEDs, sensors, and possible future bioelectronic ones. The review covers the main aspects of using chemistry to control the various aspects of interface electrostatics, such as passivation of interface states and alignment of energy levels by intrinsic molecular polarization, as well as charge rearrangement with the adjacent metal and semiconducting contacts...
February 23, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230244/topical-anaesthetics-for-pain-control-during-repair-of-dermal-laceration
#17
REVIEW
Baraa O Tayeb, Anthony Eidelman, Cristy L Eidelman, Ewan D McNicol, Daniel B Carr
BACKGROUND: Topical local anaesthetics provide effective analgesia for patients undergoing numerous superficial procedures, including repair of dermal lacerations. The need for cocaine in topical anaesthetic formulations has been questioned because of concern about adverse effects, thus novel preparations of cocaine-free anaesthetics have been developed. This review was originally published in 2011 and has been updated in 2017. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether benefits of non-invasive topical anaesthetic application occur at the expense of decreased analgesic efficacy...
February 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230162/n-acetylated-proline-glycine-proline-accelerates-cutaneous-wound-healing-and-neovascularization-by-human-endothelial-progenitor-cells
#18
Yang Woo Kwon, Soon Chul Heo, Tae Wook Lee, Gyu Tae Park, Jung Won Yoon, Il Ho Jang, Seung-Chul Kim, Hyun-Chang Ko, Youngjae Ryu, Hyeona Kang, Chang Man Ha, Sang Chul Lee, Jae Ho Kim
Human endothelial progenitor cells (hEPCs) are promising therapeutic resources for wound repair through stimulating neovascularization. However, the hEPCs-based cell therapy has been hampered by poor engraftment of transplanted cells. In this study, we explored the effects of N-acetylated Proline-Glycine-Proline (Ac-PGP), a degradation product of collagen, on hEPC-mediated cutaneous wound healing and neovascularization. Treatment of hEPCs with Ac-PGP increased migration, proliferation, and tube-forming activity of hEPCs in vitro...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229538/biological-control-of-appetite-a-daunting-complexity
#19
Paul S MacLean, John E Blundell, Julie A Mennella, Rachel L Batterham
OBJECTIVE: This review summarizes a portion of the discussions of an NIH Workshop (Bethesda, MD, 2015) titled "Self-Regulation of Appetite-It's Complicated," which focused on the biological aspects of appetite regulation. METHODS: This review summarizes the key biological inputs of appetite regulation and their implications for body weight regulation. RESULTS: These discussions offer an update of the long-held, rigid perspective of an "adipocentric" biological control, taking a broader view that also includes important inputs from the digestive tract, from lean mass, and from the chemical sensory systems underlying taste and smell...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229531/homogeneous-inhomogeneous-structured-dielectrics-and-their-energy-storage-performances
#20
REVIEW
Zhonghua Yao, Zhe Song, Hua Hao, Zhiyong Yu, Minghe Cao, Shujun Zhang, Michael T Lanagan, Hanxing Liu
The demand for dielectric capacitors with higher energy-storage capability is increasing for power electronic devices due to the rapid development of electronic industry. Existing dielectrics for high-energy-storage capacitors and potential new capacitor technologies are reviewed toward realizing these goals. Various dielectric materials with desirable permittivity and dielectric breakdown strength potentially meeting the device requirements are discussed. However, some significant limitations for current dielectrics can be ascribed to their low permittivity, low breakdown strength, and high hysteresis loss, which will decrease their energy density and efficiency...
February 23, 2017: Advanced Materials
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