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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649570/evaluating-checklist-use-in-companion-animal-wellness-visits-in-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital-a-preliminary-study
#1
Michael T Nappier, Virginia K Corrigan, Lara E Bartl-Wilson, Mark Freeman, Stephen Werre, Eric Tempel
The number of companion animal wellness visits in private practice has been decreasing, and one important factor cited is the lack of effective communication between veterinarians and pet owners regarding the importance of preventive care. Checklists have been widely used in many fields and are especially useful in areas where a complex task must be completed with multiple small steps, or when cognitive fatigue is evident. The use of checklists in veterinary medical education has not yet been thoroughly evaluated as a potential strategy to improve communication with pet owners regarding preventive care...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632112/the-2016-european-guideline-on-the-management-of-epididymo-orchitis
#2
Emma J Street, Edwin D Justice, Zsolt Kopa, Mags D Portman, Jonathan D Ross, Mihael Skerlev, Janet D Wilson, Rajul Patel
Epididymo-orchitis is a commonly encountered condition with a reported incidence of 2.45 cases per 1000 men in the United Kingdom. This 2016 International Union against Sexually Transmitted Infections guideline provides up-to-date advice on the management of this condition. It describes the aetiology, clinical features and potential complications, as well as presenting diagnostic considerations and clear recommendations for management and follow-up. Early diagnosis and management are essential, as serious complications can include abscess formation, testicular infarction and infertility...
July 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630651/improving-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-in-resource-limited-settings-at-scale-a-discussion-of-interventions-and-recommendations
#3
Jessica E Haberer, Lora Sabin, K Rivet Amico, Catherine Orrell, Omar Galárraga, Alexander C Tsai, Rachel C Vreeman, Ira Wilson, Nadia A Sam-Agudu, Terrence F Blaschke, Bernard Vrijens, Claude A Mellins, Robert H Remien, Sheri D Weiser, Elizabeth Lowenthal, Michael J Stirratt, Papa Salif Sow, Bruce Thomas, Nathan Ford, Edward Mills, Richard Lester, Jean B Nachega, Bosco Mwebesa Bwana, Fred Ssewamala, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Paula Munderi, Elvin Geng, David R Bangsberg
Introduction: Successful population-level antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence will be necessary to realize both the clinical and prevention benefits of antiretroviral scale-up and, ultimately, the end of AIDS. Although many people living with HIV are adhering well, others struggle and most are likely to experience challenges in adherence that may threaten virologic suppression at some point during lifelong therapy. Despite the importance of ART adherence, supportive interventions have generally not been implemented at scale...
2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627319/selection-and-evaluation-of-media-for-behavioral-health-interventions-employing-critical-media-analysis
#4
Patrick A Wilson, Emily M Cherenack, Laura Jadwin-Cakmak, Gary W Harper
Although a growing number of psychosocial health promotion interventions use the critical analysis of media to facilitate behavior change, no specific guidelines exist to assist researchers and practitioners in the selection and evaluation of culturally relevant media stimuli for intervention development. Mobilizing Our Voices for Empowerment is a critical consciousness-based health enhancement intervention for HIV-positive Black young gay/bisexual men that employs the critical analysis of popular media. In the process of developing and testing this intervention, feedback on media stimuli was collected from youth advisory board members (n = 8), focus group participants (n = 19), intervention participants (n = 40), and intervention facilitators (n = 6)...
June 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623064/to-screen-or-not-to-screen-examining-the-arguments-against-screening-for-atrial-fibrillation
#5
REVIEW
Lis Neubeck, Jessica Orchard, Nicole Lowres, S Ben Freedman
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, with a lifetime risk of one in four of developing AF over the age of 40 years. Around 40% of patients are asymptomatic, which is of concern as AF is a major risk factor for stroke. Early detection and appropriate management reduces stroke risk by two-thirds. Atrial fibrillation screening is now recommended in international guidelines, but there are some common arguments against screening. Overall, to be of value any screening program must fulfil the World Health Organization (WHO) Wilson and Jungner criteria for screening programs...
May 24, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619025/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-clinician-in-addressing-the-chronic-disease-risk-behaviours-of-community-mental-health-clients-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Caitlin Fehily, Kate Bartlem, John Wiggers, Paula Wye, Richard Clancy, David Castle, Sonia Wutzke, Chris Rissel, Andrew Wilson, Paul McCombie, Fionna Murphy, Jenny Bowman
BACKGROUND: People with a mental illness experience a greater morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases relative to the general population. A higher prevalence of modifiable health risk behaviours such as smoking, poor nutrition, physical inactivity and harmful alcohol consumption contribute substantially to this disparity. Despite clinical practice guidelines recommending that mental health services routinely provide care to address these risk behaviours, the provision of such care is consistently reported to be low internationally and in Australia...
June 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602044/the-dynamic-interaction-between-pain-and-opioid-misuse
#7
REVIEW
Adrianne R Wilson-Poe, Jose A Moron
In 2014, drug overdose surpassed automobile accidents as the number one cause of accidental death for the first time in US history. The overdose epidemic is largely driven by opioids, and genuine prescription opioid analgesics play the biggest role in this phenomenon. Despite advancements in abuse deterrent formulations, prescription drug monitoring programs, and clinical assessments for the detection of abuse potential, drug overdoses continue to escalate. The CDC has recently issued new guidelines for opioid prescription, yet even these recommendations have their shortcomings...
June 11, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571045/new-zealand-doctors-and-nurses-views-on-legalising-assisted-dying-in-new-zealand
#8
Pam Oliver, Michael Wilson, Phillipa Malpas
BACKGROUND: Assisted dying (AD) has been legalised by statute or court decisions in at least 15 jurisdictions internationally. Nonetheless, only three medical professional bodies (and none in nursing) across those jurisdictions have proactively developed authorised policy, practice standards, guidelines or protocols, or other professional supports for health practitioners who may legally participate in AD services, and the majority internationally remain formally opposed to AD. There is a perceived likelihood that AD may be legalised in New Zealand soon...
June 2, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557578/pediatric-nurses-perceptions-of-medication-safety-and-medication-error-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Albara Alomari, Val Wilson, Annette Solman, Beata Bajorek, Patricia Tinsley
This study aims to outline the current workplace culture of medication practice in a pediatric medical ward. The objective is to explore the perceptions of nurses in a pediatric clinical setting as to why medication administration errors occur. As nurses have a central role in the medication process, it is essential to explore nurses' perceptions of the factors influencing the medication process. Without this understanding, it is difficult to develop effective prevention strategies aimed at reducing medication administration errors...
May 30, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550929/arrhythmia-and-clinical-cardiac-findings-in-children-with-anderson-fabry-disease
#10
Hunter C Wilson, Robert J Hopkin, Peace C Madueme, Richard J Czosek, Laurie A Bailey, Michael D Taylor, John L Jefferies
Anderson-Fabry Disease (AFD) is a lysosomal storage disorder that results in progressive cardiovascular hypertrophy, scarring, and arrhythmia burden; yet, the early cardiac phenotype of AFD is still poorly defined. To further characterize early cardiac features in AFD, we evaluated electrocardiographic and clinical findings contained in a local cohort of pediatric AFD patients and arrhythmia data in children enrolled in the Fabry Registry. Twenty-six local patients aged <18 years were identified (average age 9...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549764/effect-of-the-american-heart-association-2007-guidelines-on-the-practice-of-dental-prophylaxis-for-the-prevention-of-infective-endocarditis-in-olmsted-county-minnesota
#11
Daniel C DeSimone, Abdelghani El Rafei, Douglas W Challener, Alan B Carr, James A Kelly, Walter A Rocca, Jennifer L St Sauver, Cynthia M Bock-Goodner, Brian D Lahr, James M Steckelberg, Walter R Wilson, Larry M Baddour
OBJECTIVE: To determine the adherence of dental providers to the 2007 American Heart Association (AHA) infective endocarditis prevention guidelines regarding antibiotic drug administration before invasive dental procedures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included all adults (≥18 years old) with a moderate-risk (MR) or high-risk (HR) cardiac condition who received dental care at participating dental offices from January 1, 2005, through June 1, 2015, in Olmsted County, Minnesota...
May 10, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548682/arthrotomy-based-pre-clinical-models-of-particle-induced-osteolysis-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Meghan M Moran, Brittany M Wilson, Ryan D Ross, Amarjit S Virdi, D Rick Sumner
We completed a systematic literature review of in vivo animal models that use arthrotomy-based methods to study particle-induced peri-implant osteolysis. The purpose of the review was to characterize the models developed to date, to determine the questions addressed, to assess scientific rigor and transparency and to identify gaps in knowledge. We probed three literature databases (Medline, Embase and Scopus) and found 77 manuscripts that fit the search parameters. In the most recent 10 years, researchers mainly used rat and mouse models, whereas in the previous 20 years large animal, canine and rabbit models were more common...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530525/cost-effectiveness-of-nivolumab-ipilimumab-combination-therapy-compared-with-monotherapy-for-first-line-treatment-of-metastatic-melanoma-in-the-united-states
#13
Anna Oh, Dang M Tran, Leann C McDowell, Dor Keyvani, Jay Andrew Barcelon, Oscar Merino, Leslie Wilson
BACKGROUND: The approval of new immunotherapies has dramatically changed the treatment landscape of metastatic melanoma. These survival gains come with trade-offs in side effects and costs, as well as important considerations for third-party payer systems, physicians, and patients. OBJECTIVE: To develop a Markov model to determine the cost-effectiveness of nivolumab, ipilimumab, and nivolumab-ipilimumab combination as firstline therapy in metastatic melanoma, while accounting for differential effectiveness in programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) positive and negative patients...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525411/beta-blockers-and-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-eastern-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-guideline
#14
Aziz S Alali, Kaushik Mukherjee, Victoria A McCredie, Eyal Golan, Prakesh S Shah, James M Bardes, Susan E Hamblin, Elliott R Haut, James C Jackson, Kosar Khwaja, Nimitt J Patel, Satish R Raj, Laura D Wilson, Avery B Nathens, Mayur B Patel
OBJECTIVE: To determine if beta-(β)-blockers improve outcomes after acute traumatic brain injury (TBI). BACKGROUND: There have been no new inpatient pharmacologic therapies to improve TBI outcomes in a half-century. Treatment of TBI patients with β-blockers offers a potentially beneficial approach. METHODS: Using MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CENTRAL databases, eligible articles for our systematic review and meta-analysis (PROSPERO CRD42016048547) included adult (age ≥ 16 years) blunt trauma patients admitted with TBI...
May 18, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521831/the-sitless-project-exercise-referral-schemes-enhanced-by-self-management-strategies-to-battle-sedentary-behaviour-in-older-adults-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Maria Giné-Garriga, Laura Coll-Planas, Míriam Guerra, Àlex Domingo, Marta Roqué, Paolo Caserotti, Michael Denkinger, Dietrich Rothenbacher, Mark A Tully, Frank Kee, Emma McIntosh, Carme Martín-Borràs, Guillermo R Oviedo, Javier Jerez-Roig, Marta Santiago, Oriol Sansano, Guillermo Varela, Mathias Skjødt, Katharina Wirth, Dhayana Dallmeier, Jochen Klenk, Jason J Wilson, Nicole E Blackburn, Manuela Deidda, Guillaume Lefebvre, Denise González, Antoni Salvà
BACKGROUND: Older adults are the fastest growing segment of the world's population. Recent evidence indicates that excessive sitting time is harmful to health, independent of meeting the recommended moderate to vigorous physical activity (PA) guidelines. The SITLESS project aims to determine whether exercise referral schemes (ERS) can be enhanced by self-management strategies (SMSs) to reduce sedentary behaviour (SB), increase PA and improve health, quality of life and function in the long term, as well as psychosocial outcomes in community-dwelling older European citizens from four countries, within a three-armed pragmatic randomised controlled trial, compared with ERS alone and also with general recommendations about PA...
May 18, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491294/prevalence-and-pattern-of-antibiotic-resistance-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-from-door-handles-and-other-points-of-contact-in-public-hospitals-in-ghana
#16
Courage Kosi Setsoafia Saba, Jean Kwadwo Amenyona, Stephen Wilson Kpordze
BACKGROUND: Studies have implicated Staphylococcus aureus as the leading cause of septicemia in the Tamale metropolis of Ghana. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of S. aureus and Methicillin Resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in the environments of three hospitals in Ghana. METHODS: A total of 120 swab samples were taken from door handles, stair railings and other points of contact at Tamale Teaching Hospital, Tamale Central Hospital and Tamale West Hospital...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490431/arthroscopic-surgery-for-degenerative-knee-arthritis-and-meniscal-tears-a-clinical-practice-guideline
#17
Reed A C Siemieniuk, Ian A Harris, Thomas Agoritsas, Rudolf W Poolman, Romina Brignardello-Petersen, Stijn Van de Velde, Rachelle Buchbinder, Martin Englund, Lyubov Lytvyn, Casey Quinlan, Lise Helsingen, Gunnar Knutsen, Nina Rydland Olsen, Helen Macdonald, Louise Hailey, Hazel M Wilson, Anne Lydiatt, Annette Kristiansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485672/axitinib-in-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-patient-characteristics-and-treatment-patterns-in-us-community-oncology-centers
#18
Thomas E Hutson, Xiaolong Jiao, Thomas Wilson, Laura Cisar, Elizabeth A MacLean
AIM: To study patient characteristics and treatment patterns in real-world axitinib use for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. PATIENTS & METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of second- or third-line axitinib use between 1 January 2012 and 31 October 2014 in 135 metastatic renal cell carcinoma patients using the US Oncology Network database. RESULTS: Overall, 86.7% had clear cell histology, 57.8% had stage III/IV disease at diagnosis and 55...
May 9, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484195/investigation-of-the-utility-of-various-diagnostic-guidelines-for-wilson-s-disease
#19
Masato Nakai, Kenichi Morikawa, Masatsugu Ohara, Naoki Kawagishi, Takaaki Izumi, Machiko Umemura, Jun Ito, Seiji Tsunematsu, Fumiyuki Sato, Takuya Sho, Goki Suda, Koji Ogawa, Naoya Sakamoto
Wilson's disease is one of many potential differential diagnoses in patients with unknown liver injury or liver cirrhosis. Many patients are diagnosed in early childhood, but rare cases may not be revealed until adulthood, and of these, most present with liver cirrhosis. While some patients can be diagnosed by the examination of serum ceruloplasmin and urinary copper levels, there are patients in whom ATP7B genetic testing and hepatic copper content measurement are indicated. Diagnostic guidelines for Wilson's disease were proposed by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases in 2008, the European Association for the Study of the Liver in 2012, and the Japan Society of Hepatology along with affiliated societies in 2015...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459901/overuse-of-troponin-a-comprehensive-evaluation-of-testing-in-a-large-hospital-system
#20
Gibbs Wilson, Kyler Barkley, Kipp Slicker, Robert Kowal, Brandon Pope, Jeffrey Michel
Troponin assays are integral to the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), but there is concern that testing is over utilized and may not conform to published guidelines. We reviewed all testing performed at 14 hospitals over 12 months and associated troponin values with the primary and secondary diagnoses for each visit. Troponin was determined to be negative, indeterminate or elevated based on reference ranges. The majority of troponin measurements were single, not serial (64%). The rate of AMI was low, with only 3...
May 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
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