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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889306/return-to-sporting-activity-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-survey-of-members-of-the-british-hip-society
#1
Benjamin M Bradley, Stephen J Moul, Fintan J Doyle, Matthew J Wilson
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty is increasingly performed in younger, more active patients. Thirty-five percent of patients are involved in sports preoperatively, and a desire to return to sporting activity is now a major expectation. Sporting activity potentially risks premature failure of the implant, and there is no consensus or guidelines among British or European surgeons performing total hip arthroplasty in sporting patients. METHODS: The current practice of British Hip Society members was explored through a Web-based survey...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887578/evaluation-of-an-international-educational-programme-for-health-care-professionals-on-best-practice-in-the-management-of-a-perinatal-death-improving-perinatal-mortality-review-and-outcomes-via-education-improve
#2
Paul A Gardiner, Alison L Kent, Viviana Rodriguez, Aleena M Wojcieszek, David Ellwood, Adrienne Gordon, Patricia A Wilson, Diana M Bond, Adrian Charles, Susan Arbuckle, Glenn J Gardener, Jeremy J Oats, Jan Jaap Erwich, Fleurisca J Korteweg, T H Nguyen Duc, Susannah Hopkins Leisher, Kamal Kishore, Robert M Silver, Alexander E Heazell, Claire Storey, Vicki Flenady
BACKGROUND: Stillbirths and neonatal deaths are devastating events for both parents and clinicians and are global public health concerns. Careful clinical management after these deaths is required, including appropriate investigation and assessment to determine cause (s) to prevent future losses, and to improve bereavement care for families. An educational programme for health care professionals working in maternal and child health has been designed to address these needs according to the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand Guideline for Perinatal Mortality: IMproving Perinatal mortality Review and Outcomes Via Education (IMPROVE)...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885844/guidance-to-manage-inappropriate-polypharmacy-in-older-people-systematic-review-and-future-developments
#3
Derek Stewart, Alpana Mair, Martin Wilson, Przemyslaw Kardas, Pawel Lewek, Albert Alonso, Jennifer McIntosh, Katie MacLure
Single disease state led evidence-based guidelines do not provide sufficient coverage of issues of multimorbidities, with the cumulative impact of recommendations often resulting in overwhelming medicines burden. Inappropriate polypharmacy increases the likelihood of adverse drug events, drug interactions and non-adherence. Areas covered: A detailed description of a pan-European initiative, 'Stimulating Innovation Management of Polypharmacy and Adherence in the Elderly, SIMPATHY', which is a project funded by the European Commission to support innovation across the European Union...
November 25, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869627/the-american-academy-of-orthopaedic-surgeons-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline-on-management-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#4
Brent Graham, Allan E Peljovich, Robert Afra, Mickey S Cho, Rob Gray, John Stephenson, Andrew Gurman, Joy MacDermid, Gary Mlady, Atul T Patel, David Rempel, Tamara D Rozental, Mohammad Kian Salajegheh, Michael Warren Keith, David S Jevsevar, Kevin G Shea, Kevin J Bozic, Julie Adams, Jay Mark Evans, John Lubahn, Wilson Zachary Ray, Robert Spinner, Grant Thomson, William O Shaffer, Deborah S Cummins, Jayson N Murray, Mukarram Mohiuddin, Kyle Mullen, Peter Shores, Anne Woznica, Erica Linskey, Yasseline Martinez, Kaitlyn Sevarino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818329/liberation-from-mechanical-ventilation-in-critically-ill-adults-executive-summary-of-an-official-american-college-of-chest-physicians-american-thoracic-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#5
Gregory A Schmidt, Timothy D Girard, John P Kress, Peter E Morris, Daniel R Ouellette, Waleed Alhazzani, Suzanne M Burns, Scott K Epstein, Andres Esteban, Eddy Fan, Miguel Ferrer, Gilles L Fraser, Michelle Gong, Catherine L Hough, Sangeeta Mehta, Rahul Nanchal, Sheena Patel, Amy J Pawlik, Curtis N Sessler, William Schweickert, Thomas Strøm, Kevin C Wilson, Jonathon D Truwit
BACKGROUND: This clinical practice guideline addresses six questions related to liberation from mechanical ventilation in critically ill adults. It is the result of a collaborative effort between the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST). METHODS: A multi-disciplinary panel posed six clinical questions in a Population, Intervention, Comparator and Outcomes (PICO) format. A comprehensive literature search and evidence synthesis was performed for each question, which included appraising the quality of evidence using the GRADE (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) approach...
November 3, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793575/unrecognized-necrosis-at-same-admission-cholecystectomy-for-pancreatitis-increases-organ-failure-and-infected-necrosis
#6
Wilson Tak-Yu Kwong, Santhi Swaroop Vege
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Guidelines recommend same admission cholecystectomy (SAC) in the management of mild acute gallstone pancreatitis (AGP) with a recent randomized trial supporting this recommendation. However, the push for early cholecystectomy will lead a subset of patients with evolving, unrecognized necrotizing pancreatitis (NP) to undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) with unknown consequences. With concerns about potentially serious outcomes, we studied the outcomes in patients with unrecognized NP who underwent SAC and identified predictors of unrecognized NP at the time of SAC...
October 21, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790606/nutrition-a-primary-therapy-in-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Bryan Wilson, Katri Typpo
Appropriate nutrition is an essential component of intensive care management of children with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and is linked to patient outcomes. One out of every two children in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) will develop malnutrition or have worsening of baseline malnutrition and present with specific micronutrient deficiencies. Early and adequate enteral nutrition (EN) is associated with improved 60-day survival after pediatric critical illness, and, yet, despite early EN guidelines, critically ill children receive on average only 55% of goal calories by PICU day 10...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782287/graphical-presentation-of-patient-treatment-interaction-elucidated-by-continuous-biomarkers-current-practice-and-scope-for-improvement
#8
Yu-Ming Shen, Lien D Le, Rory Wilson, Ulrich Mansmann
BACKGROUND: Biomarkers providing evidence for patient-treatment interaction are key in the development and practice of personalized medicine. Knowledge that a patient with a specific feature - as demonstrated through a biomarker - would have an advantage under a given treatment vs. a competing treatment can aid immensely in medical decision-making. Statistical strategies to establish evidence of continuous biomarkers are complex and their formal results are thus not easy to communicate...
October 26, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771149/esbl-producing-gram-negative-organisms-in-the-healthcare-environment-as-a-source-of-genetic-material-for-resistance-in-human-infections
#9
M Muzslay, G Moore, N Alhussaini, A P R Wilson
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the healthcare setting and in the community despite established infection control guidelines indicates that these microorganisms may possess survival strategies that allow them to persist in the environment. AIMS: To determine the extent and variation in endemic ESBL-carrying species in different ward environments, and to investigate the potential for cephalosporin resistance to be transferred from environmental isolates to human pathogens...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762608/official-executive-summary-of-an-american-thoracic-society-american-college-of-chest-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline-liberation-from-mechanical-ventilation-in-critically-ill-adults
#10
Gregory A Schmidt, Timothy D Girard, John P Kress, Peter E Morris, Daniel R Ouellette, Waleed Alhazzani, Suzanne M Burns, Scott K Epstein, Andres Esteban, Eddy Fan, Miquel Ferrer, Gilles L Fraser, Michelle Gong, Catherine Hough, Sangeeta Mehta, Rahul Nanchal, Sheena Patel, Amy J Pawlik, Curtis N Sessler, Thomas Strøm, William Schweickert, Kevin C Wilson, Jonathon D Truwit
BACKGROUND: This clinical practice guideline addresses six questions related to liberation from mechanical ventilation in critically ill adults. It is the result of a collaborative effort between the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST). METHODS: A multi-disciplinary panel posed six clinical questions in a Population, Intervention, Comparator and Outcomes (PICO) format. A comprehensive literature search and evidence synthesis was performed for each question, which included appraising the certainty in the evidence (i...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762595/an-official-american-thoracic-society-american-college-of-chest-physicians-clinical-practice-guideline-liberation-from-mechanical-ventilation-in-critically-ill-adults-rehabilitation-protocols-ventilator-liberation-protocols-and-cuff-leak-tests
#11
Timothy D Girard, Waleed Alhazzani, John P Kress, Daniel R Ouellette, Gregory A Schmidt, Jonathon D Truwit, Suzanne M Burns, Scott K Epstein, Andres Esteban, Eddy Fan, Miquel Ferrer, Gilles L Fraser, Michelle Gong, Catherine Hough, Sangeeta Mehta, Rahul Nanchal, Sheena Patel, Amy J Pawlik, Curtis N Sessler, Thomas Strøm, William Schweickert, Kevin C Wilson, Peter E Morris
BACKGROUND: Interventions that lead to earlier liberation from mechanical ventilation can improve patient outcomes. This guideline, a collaborative effort between the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST), provides evidence-based recommendations to optimize liberation from mechanical ventilation in critically ill adults. METHODS: Two methodologists performed evidence syntheses to summarize available evidence relevant to key questions about liberation from mechanical ventilation...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760255/association-of-preoperative-risk-factors-with-malignancy-in-pancreatic-mucinous-cystic-neoplasms-a-multicenter-study
#12
Lauren M Postlewait, Cecilia G Ethun, Mia R McInnis, Nipun Merchant, Alexander Parikh, Kamran Idrees, Chelsea A Isom, William Hawkins, Ryan C Fields, Matthew Strand, Sharon M Weber, Clifford S Cho, Ahmed Salem, Robert C G Martin, Charles Scoggins, David Bentrem, Hong J Kim, Jacquelyn Carr, Syed Ahmad, Daniel E Abbott, Gregory C Wilson, David A Kooby, Shishir K Maithel
Importance: Pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) harbor malignant potential, and current guidelines recommend resection. However, data are limited on preoperative risk factors for malignancy (adenocarcinoma or high-grade dysplasia) occurring in the setting of an MCN. Objectives: To examine the preoperative risk factors for malignancy in resected MCNs and to assess outcomes of MCN-associated adenocarcinoma. Design, Setting, and Participants: Patients who underwent pancreatic resection of MCNs at the 8 academic centers of the Central Pancreas Consortium from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2014, were retrospectively identified...
October 19, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742851/annals-express-the-role-of-calculated-non-caeruloplasmin-bound-copper-in-wilson-s-disease
#13
Andrew Duncan, Calum Yacoubian, Robert Beetham, Anthony Catchpole, David Bullock
BACKGROUND: US and European guidelines suggest the use of calculated non-caeruloplasmin bound copper (free copper index) for the diagnosis and management of Wilson's Disease. However, there is concern that the required analytical measurements of caeruloplasmin and copper may not be sufficiently robust at the concentrations usually found. METHODS: Aliquots of six plasma specimens were sent to laboratories participating in the UK National External Quality Assessment Scheme for copper and caeruloplasmin...
October 13, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730117/potential-role-for-interferon-%C3%AE-release-assays-in-tuberculosis-screening-in-a-remote-canadian-community-a-case-series
#14
Wilson Kwong, Thomas Krahn, Ann Cleland, Janet Gordon, Wendy Wobeser
BACKGROUND: Current Canadian guidelines suggest that neonatal Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination does not result in false-positive tuberculosis (TB) skin tests, despite a growing body of evidence that interferon-γ release assays may be a more specific alternative in identifying latent tuberculosis infections in vaccinated populations. We set out to evaluate the relationship between TB skin tests and interferon-γ release assays in patients who previously received neonatal BCG vaccine...
July 2016: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722183/risk-estimates-for-children-and-pregnant-women-exposed-to-mercury-contaminated-oreochromis-niloticus-and-lates-niloticus-in-lake-albert-uganda
#15
Tamale Andrew, Ejobi Francis, Muyanja Charles, Naigaga Irene, Nakavuma Jesca, Micheal Ocaido, Kato Drago, Sente Celsus, Amulen Deborah, Wilson Rumbeiha
Exposure to mercury contaminated fish predisposes populations particularly children and pregnant women to various health hazards including neurotoxicity, reproductive abnormalities and cognitive disorders. Earlier studies in the Lake Albert community have demonstrated the presence of mercury in Nile tilapia and Nile perch. However, the risk estimates for vulnerable groups such as Children and pregnant women is not well documented. Secondary data-set from previous studies were employed comprising family household size and fish consumption history, fish consumption quantity and frequency and mercury levels in fish species in comparison with FAO/WHO guidelines...
December 31, 2016: Cogent Food & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712634/systemic-immunoglobulin-light-chain-amyloidosis-associated-myopathy-presentation-diagnostic-pitfalls-and-outcome
#16
Eli Muchtar, Daniele Derudas, Michelle Mauermann, Teerin Liewluck, Angela Dispenzieri, Shaji K Kumar, David Dingli, Martha Q Lacy, Francis K Buadi, Suzanne R Hayman, Prashant Kapoor, Nelson Leung, Rajshekhar Chakraborty, Wilson Gonsalves, Stephen Russell, John A Lust, Yi Lin, Ronald S Go, Steven Zeldenrust, Robert A Kyle, S Vincent Rajkumar, Morie A Gertz
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the natural history of immunoglobulin light chain amyloidosis-associated myopathy and to provide guidelines for recognition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients with systemic immunoglobulin light chain amyloidosis and biopsy-confirmed muscle amyloid deposition diagnosed between January 1, 1995, and December 31, 2015, were included in this study. RESULTS: Common presenting symptoms were muscle weakness in 49 patients (96%), dysphagia in 23 (45%), myalgia in 17 (33%), macroglossia in 17 (33%), jaw claudication in 13 (25%), and hoarseness in 9 (18%)...
October 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691988/quality-of-health-technology-assessment-reports-prepared-for-the-medical-services-advisory-committee
#17
Martin Hua, Tristan Boonstra, Patrick J Kelly, Andrew Wilson, Jonathan C Craig, Angela C Webster
OBJECTIVES: The Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC) makes recommendations to the Australian Government for funding health technologies under the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS). Differences in public, clinical, commercial, and political opinions on health expenditure emphasize the importance of defensible funding decisions. We aimed to evaluate the quality of health technology assessment (HTA) reports over time and among health technologies assessed for MSAC. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A cohort study was performed of HTA reports prepared for MSAC between 1998 and 2013...
January 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689707/executive-summary-of-the-american-heart-association-and-american-thoracic-society-joint-guidelines-for-pediatric-pulmonary-hypertension
#18
Steven H Abman, D Dunbar Ivy, Stephen L Archer, Kevin Wilson
Although pulmonary hypertension (PH) contributes significantly to poor outcomes in diverse pediatric diseases, approaches toward the care of children with PH have been limited by the lack of consensus guidelines from experts in the field. In a joint effort from the American Heart Association and American Thoracic Society, a committee of experienced clinicians was formed to systematically identify, synthesize, and appraise relevant evidence and then to formulate evidence-based recommendations regarding the diagnosis and management of pediatric PH...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689601/the-aetiologies-of-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#19
Ciara Clancy, Alison Quinn, Fiona Wilson
PURPOSE: Four to fifty percent of patients will develop Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS) following lumbar spine surgery. Repeated surgeries lead to escalating costs and subsequent decreases in success rate. Much of the research to date has focused on the psychosocial factors associated with FBSS. All factors including physical and pathological aetiologies should be examined. These factors may be independent, co-exist with or predispose patients to the psychological factors associated with FBSS...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689482/replication-typology-and-guidelines-for-adolescent-pregnancy-prevention-initiatives
#20
Kenneth R McLeroy, Kelly L Wilson, Jennifer Farmer, Whitney R Garney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
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