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Wilson guidelines

M Muzslay, G Moore, N Alhussaini, A P R Wilson
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the healthcare setting and in the community despite established infection control guidelines indicates that these microorganisms may possess survival strategies that allow them to persist in the environment. AIMS: To determine the extent and variation in endemic ESBL-carrying species in different ward environments, and to investigate the potential for cephalosporin resistance to be transferred from environmental isolates to human pathogens...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
Gregory A Schmidt, Timothy D Girard, John P Kress, Peter E Morris, Daniel R Ouellette, Waleed Alhazzani, Suzanne M Burns, Scott K Epstein, Andres Esteban, Eddy Fan, Miquel Ferrer, Gilles L Fraser, Michelle Gong, Catherine Hough, Sangeeta Mehta, Rahul Nanchal, Sheena Patel, Amy J Pawlik, Curtis N Sessler, Thomas Strøm, William Schweickert, Kevin C Wilson, Jonathon D Truwit
BACKGROUND: This clinical practice guideline addresses six questions related to liberation from mechanical ventilation in critically ill adults. It is the result of a collaborative effort between the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST). METHODS: A multi-disciplinary panel posed six clinical questions in a Population, Intervention, Comparator and Outcomes (PICO) format. A comprehensive literature search and evidence synthesis was performed for each question, which included appraising the certainty in the evidence (i...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Timothy D Girard, Waleed Alhazzani, John P Kress, Daniel R Ouellette, Gregory A Schmidt, Jonathon D Truwit, Suzanne M Burns, Scott K Epstein, Andres Esteban, Eddy Fan, Miquel Ferrer, Gilles L Fraser, Michelle Gong, Catherine Hough, Sangeeta Mehta, Rahul Nanchal, Sheena Patel, Amy J Pawlik, Curtis N Sessler, Thomas Strøm, William Schweickert, Kevin C Wilson, Peter E Morris
BACKGROUND: Interventions that lead to earlier liberation from mechanical ventilation can improve patient outcomes. This guideline, a collaborative effort between the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST), provides evidence-based recommendations to optimize liberation from mechanical ventilation in critically ill adults. METHODS: Two methodologists performed evidence syntheses to summarize available evidence relevant to key questions about liberation from mechanical ventilation...
October 20, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Lauren M Postlewait, Cecilia G Ethun, Mia R McInnis, Nipun Merchant, Alexander Parikh, Kamran Idrees, Chelsea A Isom, William Hawkins, Ryan C Fields, Matthew Strand, Sharon M Weber, Clifford S Cho, Ahmed Salem, Robert C G Martin, Charles Scoggins, David Bentrem, Hong J Kim, Jacquelyn Carr, Syed Ahmad, Daniel E Abbott, Gregory C Wilson, David A Kooby, Shishir K Maithel
Importance: Pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCNs) harbor malignant potential, and current guidelines recommend resection. However, data are limited on preoperative risk factors for malignancy (adenocarcinoma or high-grade dysplasia) occurring in the setting of an MCN. Objectives: To examine the preoperative risk factors for malignancy in resected MCNs and to assess outcomes of MCN-associated adenocarcinoma. Design, Setting, and Participants: Patients who underwent pancreatic resection of MCNs at the 8 academic centers of the Central Pancreas Consortium from January 1, 2000, through December 31, 2014, were retrospectively identified...
October 19, 2016: JAMA Surgery
Andrew Duncan, Calum Yacoubian, Robert Beetham, Anthony Catchpole, David Bullock
BACKGROUND: US and European guidelines suggest the use of calculated non-caeruloplasmin bound copper (free copper index) for the diagnosis and management of Wilson's Disease. However, there is concern that the required analytical measurements of caeruloplasmin and copper may not be sufficiently robust at the concentrations usually found. METHODS: Aliquots of six plasma specimens were sent to laboratories participating in the UK National External Quality Assessment Scheme for copper and caeruloplasmin...
October 13, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Wilson Kwong, Thomas Krahn, Ann Cleland, Janet Gordon, Wendy Wobeser
BACKGROUND: Current Canadian guidelines suggest that neonatal Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination does not result in false-positive tuberculosis (TB) skin tests, despite a growing body of evidence that interferon-γ release assays may be a more specific alternative in identifying latent tuberculosis infections in vaccinated populations. We set out to evaluate the relationship between TB skin tests and interferon-γ release assays in patients who previously received neonatal BCG vaccine...
July 2016: CMAJ Open
Tamale Andrew, Ejobi Francis, Muyanja Charles, Naigaga Irene, Nakavuma Jesca, Micheal Ocaido, Kato Drago, Sente Celsus, Amulen Deborah, Wilson Rumbeiha
Exposure to mercury contaminated fish predisposes populations particularly children and pregnant women to various health hazards including neurotoxicity, reproductive abnormalities and cognitive disorders. Earlier studies in the Lake Albert community have demonstrated the presence of mercury in Nile tilapia and Nile perch. However, the risk estimates for vulnerable groups such as Children and pregnant women is not well documented. Secondary data-set from previous studies were employed comprising family household size and fish consumption history, fish consumption quantity and frequency and mercury levels in fish species in comparison with FAO/WHO guidelines...
December 31, 2016: Cogent Food Agric
Eli Muchtar, Daniele Derudas, Michelle Mauermann, Teerin Liewluck, Angela Dispenzieri, Shaji K Kumar, David Dingli, Martha Q Lacy, Francis K Buadi, Suzanne R Hayman, Prashant Kapoor, Nelson Leung, Rajshekhar Chakraborty, Wilson Gonsalves, Stephen Russell, John A Lust, Yi Lin, Ronald S Go, Steven Zeldenrust, Robert A Kyle, S Vincent Rajkumar, Morie A Gertz
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the natural history of immunoglobulin light chain amyloidosis-associated myopathy and to provide guidelines for recognition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients with systemic immunoglobulin light chain amyloidosis and biopsy-confirmed muscle amyloid deposition diagnosed between January 1, 1995, and December 31, 2015, were included in this study. RESULTS: Common presenting symptoms were muscle weakness in 49 patients (96%), dysphagia in 23 (45%), myalgia in 17 (33%), macroglossia in 17 (33%), jaw claudication in 13 (25%), and hoarseness in 9 (18%)...
October 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
Martin Hua, Tristan Boonstra, Patrick J Kelly, Andrew Wilson, Jonathan C Craig, Angela C Webster
OBJECTIVES: The Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC) makes recommendations to the Australian Government for funding health technologies under the Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS). Differences in public, clinical, commercial, and political opinions on health expenditure emphasize the importance of defensible funding decisions. We aimed to evaluate the quality of health technology assessment (HTA) reports over time and among health technologies assessed for MSAC. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: A cohort study was performed of HTA reports prepared for MSAC between 1998 and 2013...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Steven H Abman, D Dunbar Ivy, Stephen L Archer, Kevin Wilson
Although pulmonary hypertension (PH) contributes significantly to poor outcomes in diverse pediatric diseases, approaches toward the care of children with PH have been limited by the lack of consensus guidelines from experts in the field. In a joint effort from the American Heart Association and American Thoracic Society, a committee of experienced clinicians was formed to systematically identify, synthesize, and appraise relevant evidence and then to formulate evidence-based recommendations regarding the diagnosis and management of pediatric PH...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Ciara Clancy, Alison Quinn, Fiona Wilson
PURPOSE: Four to fifty percent of patients will develop Failed Back Surgery Syndrome (FBSS) following lumbar spine surgery. Repeated surgeries lead to escalating costs and subsequent decreases in success rate. Much of the research to date has focused on the psychosocial factors associated with FBSS. All factors including physical and pathological aetiologies should be examined. These factors may be independent, co-exist with or predispose patients to the psychological factors associated with FBSS...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Kenneth R McLeroy, Kelly L Wilson, Jennifer Farmer, Whitney R Garney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
R Douglas Wilson, Isabelle De Bie, Christine M Armour, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Nan Okun, Tanya Nelson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Francois Audibert, Jo-Ann Brock, Richard N Brown, Carla Campagnolo, June C Carroll, Isabelle De Bie, Jo-Ann Johnson, Nan Okun, Melanie Pastruck, Karine Vallée-Pouliot, R Douglas Wilson, Rhonda Zwingerman, Christine Armour, David Chitayat, Isabelle De Bie, Sara Fernandez, Raymond Kim, Josee Lavoie, Norma Leonard, Tanya Nelson, Sherry Taylor, Margot Van Allen, Clara Van Karnebeek
OBJECTIVE: This guideline was written to update Canadian maternity care and reproductive healthcare providers on pre- and postconceptional reproductive carrier screening for women or couples who may be at risk of being carriers for autosomal recessive (AR), autosomal dominant (AD), or X-linked (XL) conditions, with risk of transmission to the fetus. Four previous SOGC- Canadian College of Medical Geneticists (CCMG) guidelines are updated and merged into the current document. INTENDED USERS: All maternity care (most responsible health provider [MRHP]) and paediatric providers; maternity nursing; nurse practitioner; provincial maternity care administrator; medical student; and postgraduate resident year 1-7...
August 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Francis X McCormack, Nishant Gupta, Geraldine R Finlay, Lisa R Young, Angelo M Taveira-DaSilva, Connie G Glasgow, Wendy K Steagall, Simon R Johnson, Steven A Sahn, Jay H Ryu, Charlie Strange, Kuniaki Seyama, Eugene J Sullivan, Robert M Kotloff, Gregory P Downey, Jeffrey T Chapman, MeiLan K Han, Jeanine M D'Armiento, Yoshikazu Inoue, Elizabeth P Henske, John J Bissler, Thomas V Colby, Brent W Kinder, Kathryn A Wikenheiser-Brokamp, Kevin K Brown, Jean F Cordier, Cristopher Meyer, Vincent Cottin, Jan L Brozek, Karen Smith, Kevin C Wilson, Joel Moss
BACKGROUND: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare cystic lung disease that primarily affects women. The purpose of these guidelines is to provide recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of LAM. METHODS: Systematic reviews were performed to summarize evidence pertinent to our questions. The evidence was summarized and discussed by a multidisciplinary panel. Evidence-based recommendations were then formulated, written, and graded using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach...
September 15, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Kenneth R McLeroy, Whitney Garney, Evan Mayo-Wilson, Sean Grant
This article is based on a presentation that was made at the 2014 annual meeting of the editorial board of Health Education & Behavior. The article addresses critical issues related to standards of scientific reporting in journals, including concerns about external and internal validity and reporting bias. It reviews current reporting guidelines, effects of adopting guidelines, and offers suggestions for improving reporting. The evidence about the effects of guideline adoption and implementation is briefly reviewed...
October 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
Rebecca K Simmons, Knut Borch-Johnsen, Torsten Lauritzen, Guy Ehm Rutten, Annelli Sandbæk, Maureen van den Donk, James A Black, Libo Tao, Edward Cf Wilson, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti, Stephen J Sharp, Nicholas J Wareham, Simon J Griffin
BACKGROUND: Intensive treatment (IT) of cardiovascular risk factors can halve mortality among people with established type 2 diabetes but the effects of treatment earlier in the disease trajectory are uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the cost-effectiveness of intensive multifactorial treatment of screen-detected diabetes. DESIGN: Pragmatic, multicentre, cluster-randomised, parallel-group trial. SETTING: Three hundred and forty-three general practices in Denmark, the Netherlands, and Cambridge and Leicester, UK...
August 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Daniel L Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Chayakrit Krittanawong, Amalia Namath, David E Lanfear, W H Wilson Tang
The major challenge in applying pharmacogenomics to everyday clinical practice in heart failure (HF) is based on (1) a lack of robust clinical evidence for the differential utilization of neurohormonal antagonists in the management of HF in different subgroups, (2) inconsistent results regarding appropriate subgroups that may potentially benefit from an alternative strategy based on pharmacogenomic analyses, and (3) a lack of clinical trials that focused on testing gene-guided treatment in HF. To date, all pharmacogenomic analyses in HF have been conducted as post hoc retrospective analyses of clinical trial data or of observational patient series studies...
October 2016: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Stacey C Wilson, Jenny Carryer, Tula Brannelly
In crisis situations, the authority of the nurse is legitimised by legal powers and professional knowledge. Crisis stakeholders include those who directly use services and their families, and a wide range of health, social service and justice agencies. Alternative strategies such as therapeutic risk taking from the perspective of socially inclusive recovery policy coexist in a sometimes uneasy relationship with mental health legislation. A critical discourse analysis was undertaken to examine mental health policies and guidelines, and we interviewed service users, families, nurses and the police about experiences of accessing services...
September 2016: Nursing Inquiry
Charles J Coté, Stephen Wilson
The safe sedation of children for procedures requires a systematic approach that includes the following: no administration of sedating medication without the safety net of medical/dental supervision, careful presedation evaluation for underlying medical or surgical conditions that would place the child at increased risk from sedating medications, appropriate fasting for elective procedures and a balance between the depth of sedation and risk for those who are unable to fast because of the urgent nature of the procedure, a focused airway examination for large (kissing) tonsils or anatomic airway abnormalities that might increase the potential for airway obstruction, a clear understanding of the medication's pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic effects and drug interactions, appropriate training and skills in airway management to allow rescue of the patient, age- and size-appropriate equipment for airway management and venous access, appropriate medications and reversal agents, sufficient numbers of staff to both carry out the procedure and monitor the patient, appropriate physiologic monitoring during and after the procedure, a properly equipped and staffed recovery area, recovery to the presedation level of consciousness before discharge from medical/dental supervision, and appropriate discharge instructions...
2016: Pediatric Dentistry
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