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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608905/detection-of-sio2-nanoparticles-in-lung-tissue-by-tof-sims-imaging-and-fluorescence-microscopy
#1
Lothar Veith, Antje Vennemann, Daniel Breitenstein, Carsten Engelhard, Martin Wiemann, Birgit Hagenhoff
The direct detection of nanoparticles in tissues at high spatial resolution is a current goal in nanotoxicology. Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) is widely used for the direct detection of inorganic and organic substances with high spatial resolution but its capability to detect nanoparticles in tissue sections is still insufficiently explored. To estimate the applicability of this technique for nanotoxicological questions, comparative studies with established techniques on the detection of nanoparticles can offer additional insights...
June 13, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606410/effects-of-silane-and-mdp-based-primers-application-orders-on-zirconia-resin-adhesion-a-tof-sims-study
#2
Shu-Fen Chuang, Li-Li Kang, Yi-Chuan Liu, Jui-Che Lin, Ching-Cheng Wang, Hui-Min Chen, Cheng-Kun Tai
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 3-methacryloyloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (MPS)- and 10-methacryloyloxydecyl-dihydrogen-phosphate (MDP)-base primers, in their single or sequential applications, with regard to modifying zirconia surfaces and improving resin-zirconia adhesion. METHODS: Zirconia disks received different treatments: without primer (Zr), MPS-base primer (S), MDP-base primer (M), MPS/MDP mixture (SMmix), MPS followed by MDP (SM), and MDP followed by MPS (MS)...
June 9, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539333/endothelial-markers-expressing-stromal-cells-are-critical-for-kidney-formation
#3
Elina Mukherjee, Katherine Virginia Maringer, Emily Papke, Daniel S Bushnell, Caitlin M Schaefer, Rafael Kramann, Jacqueline Ho, Benjamin D Humphreys, Carlton M Bates, Sunder Sims-Lucas
Kidneys are highly vascularized and contain many distinct vascular beds. However, the origins and roles of developing renal endothelial cells in the formation of the kidney are unclear. We have shown that the Foxd1-positive renal stroma gives rise to endothelial marker expressing progenitors that are incorporated within a subset of peritubular capillaries; however, the significance of these cells is unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine whether deletion of Flk1 in the Foxd1 stroma was important for renal development...
May 24, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526726/are-phloem-sieve-tubes-leaky-conduits-supported-by-numerous-aquaporins
#4
Ryan C Stanfield, Uwe G Hacke, Joan Laur
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Aquaporin membrane water channels have been previously identified in the phloem of angiosperms, but currently their cellular characterization is lacking, especially in tree species. Pinpointing the cellular location will help generate new hypotheses of how membrane water exchange facilitates sugar transport in plants. METHODS: We studied histological sections of balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera L.) in leaf, petiole, and stem organs. Immuno-labeling techniques were used to characterize the distribution of PIP1 and PIP2 subfamilies of aquaporins along the phloem pathway...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526297/modeling-the-structure-of-keratin-1-and-10-terminal-domains-and-their-misassembly-in-keratoderma
#5
Cedric Badowski, Adelene Y L Sim, Chandra Verma, Ildikó Szeverényi, Chidambaram Natesavelalar, Ana Terron-Kwiatkowski, John Harper, Edel A O'Toole, E Birgitte Lane
The terminal domains of suprabasal keratins of the skin epithelium are very resistant to evidence-based structural analysis because of their inherent flexibility and lack of predictable structure. We present a model for the structure and interactions of the head and tail domains of epidermal keratins K1 and K10, based on all-atom 3D simulations of keratin primary amino acid sequences, and tyrosine phosphorylation predictions, extracted from published databases. We observed that K1 and K10 end domains are likely to form a tetrameric terminal domain complex (TTDC) incorporating a reversibly extendable region potentially acting as a molecular spring...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508624/temperature-treatment-of-highly-porous-zirconium-containing-metal-organic-frameworks-extends-drug-delivery-release
#6
Michelle H Teplensky, Marcus Fantham, Peng Li, Timothy C Wang, Joshua P Mehta, Laurence J Young, Peyman Z Moghadam, Joseph T Hupp, Omar K Farha, Clemens F Kaminski, David Fairen-Jimenez
Utilizing metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) as a biological carrier can lower the amount of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) required in cancer treatments to provide a more efficacious therapy. In this work, we have developed a temperature treatment process for delaying the release of a model drug compound from the pores of NU-1000 and NU-901, while taking care to utilize these MOFs' large pore volume and size to achieve exceptional model drug loading percentages over 35 wt %. Video-rate super-resolution microscopy reveals movement of MOF particles when located outside of the cell boundary, and their subsequent immobilization when taken up by the cell...
June 7, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502172/direct-dopant-patterning-by-a-remote-monolayer-doping-enabled-by-a-monolayer-fragmentation-study
#7
Ori Hazut, Roie Yerushalmi
The development of new doping methods extending beyond the traditional and well-established techniques is desired to match the rapid advances made in semiconductor (SC)-processing methods and nanostructure synthesis in numerous emerging applications, including the doping of 3D architectures. To address this, monolayer doping (MLD) and monolayer contact doping methods have been introduced recently. The MLD methods enable separation of the doping process of nanostructures from the synthesis step; hence, it is termed ex situ doping...
June 6, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482156/mno2-nanowire-biomass-derived-carbon-from-hemp-stem-for-high-performance-supercapacitors
#8
MinHo Yang, Dong Seok Kim, Seok Bok Hong, Jae-Wook Sim, Jinsoo Kim, Seung-Soo Kim, Bong Gill Choi
Hierarchical 3D nanostructures based on waste biomass are being offered as promising materials for energy storage due to their processabilities, multifunctionalities, environmental benignities, and low cost. Here we report a facile, inexpensive, and scalable strategy for the fabrication of hierarchical porous 3D structure as electrode materials for supercapacitors based on MnO2 nanowires and hemp-derived activated carbon (HC). Vertical MnO2 wires are uniformly deposited onto the surface of HC using a one-step hydrothermal method to produce hierarchical porous structures with conductive interconnected 3D networks...
May 16, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406496/strategic-and-practical-guidelines-for-successful-structured-illumination-microscopy
#9
REVIEW
Justin Demmerle, Cassandravictoria Innocent, Alison J North, Graeme Ball, Marcel Müller, Ezequiel Miron, Atsushi Matsuda, Ian M Dobbie, Yolanda Markaki, Lothar Schermelleh
Linear 2D- or 3D-structured illumination microscopy (SIM or3D-SIM, respectively) enables multicolor volumetric imaging of fixed and live specimens with subdiffraction resolution in all spatial dimensions. However, the reliance of SIM on algorithmic post-processing renders it particularly sensitive to artifacts that may reduce resolution, compromise data and its interpretations, and drain resources in terms of money and time spent. Here we present a protocol that allows users to generate high-quality SIM data while accounting and correcting for common artifacts...
May 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406495/quantitative-3d-structured-illumination-microscopy-of-nuclear-structures
#10
REVIEW
Felix Kraus, Ezequiel Miron, Justin Demmerle, Tsotne Chitiashvili, Alexei Budco, Quentin Alle, Atsushi Matsuda, Heinrich Leonhardt, Lothar Schermelleh, Yolanda Markaki
3D structured illumination microscopy (3D-SIM) is the super-resolution technique of choice for multicolor volumetric imaging. Here we provide a validated sample preparation protocol for labeling nuclei of cultured mammalian cells, image acquisition and registration practices, and downstream image analysis of nuclear structures and epigenetic marks. Using immunostaining and replication labeling combined with image segmentation, centroid mapping and nearest-neighbor analyses in open-source environments, 3D maps of nuclear structures are analyzed in individual cells and normalized to fluorescence standards on the nanometer scale...
May 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364021/lateral-segregation-of-photosystem-i-in-cyanobacterial-thylakoids
#11
Craig MacGregor-Chatwin, Melih Sener, Samuel F H Barnett, Andrew Hitchcock, Meghan C Barnhart-Dailey, Karim Maghlaoui, James Barber, Jerilyn A Timlin, Klaus Schulten, C Neil Hunter
Photosystem I (PSI) is the dominant photosystem in cyanobacteria and it plays a pivotal role in cyanobacterial metabolism. Despite its biological importance, the native organization of PSI in cyanobacterial thylakoid membranes is poorly understood. Here, we use atomic force microscopy (AFM) to show that ordered, extensive macromolecular arrays of PSI complexes are present in thylakoids from Thermosynechococcus elongatus, Synechococcus sp PCC 7002, and Synechocystis sp PCC 6803. Hyperspectral confocal fluorescence microscopy and three-dimensional structured illumination microscopy of Synechocystis sp PCC 6803 cells visualize PSI domains within the context of the complete thylakoid system...
May 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332827/subcellular-chemical-imaging-of-antibiotics-in-single-bacteria-using-c60-secondary-ion-mass-spectrometry
#12
Hua Tian, David A Six, Thomas Krucker, Jennifer A Leeds, Nicholas Winograd
The inherent difficulty of discovering new and effective antibacterials and the rapid development of resistance particularly in Gram-negative bacteria, illustrates the urgent need for new methods that enable rational drug design. Here we report the development of 3D imaging cluster Time-of-Flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) as a label-free approach to chemically map small molecules in aggregated and single Escherichia coli cells, with ∼300 nm spatial resolution and high chemical sensitivity...
May 2, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326349/quantitative-in-vivo-micro-computed-tomography-for-assessment-of-age-dependent-changes-in-murine-whole-body-composition
#13
Kim L Beaucage, Steven I Pollmann, Stephen M Sims, S Jeffrey Dixon, David W Holdsworth
Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) is used routinely to quantify skeletal tissue mass in small animal models. Our goal was to evaluate repeated in vivo micro-CT imaging for monitoring whole-body composition in studies of growth and aging in mice. Male mice from 2 to 52 weeks of age were anesthetized and imaged using an eXplore Locus Ultra and/or eXplore speCZT scanner. Images were reconstructed into 3D volumes, signal-intensity thresholds were used to classify each voxel as adipose, lean or skeletal tissue, and tissue masses were calculated from known density values...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323041/quantitative-analyses-of-the-3d-nuclear-landscape-recorded-with-super-resolved-fluorescence-microscopy
#14
Volker J Schmid, Marion Cremer, Thomas Cremer
Recent advancements of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy have revolutionized microscopic studies of cells, including the exceedingly complex structural organization of cell nuclei in space and time. In this paper we describe and discuss tools for (semi-) automated, quantitative 3D analyses of the spatial nuclear organization. These tools allow the quantitative assessment of highly resolved different chromatin compaction levels in individual cell nuclei, which reflect functionally different regions or sub-compartments of the 3D nuclear landscape, and measurements of absolute distances between sites of different chromatin compaction...
March 18, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252396/joint-reconstruction-strategy-for-structured-illumination-microscopy-with-unknown-illuminations
#15
Simon Labouesse, Awoke Negash, Jerome Idier, Sebastien Bourguignon, Thomas Mangeat, Penghuan Liu, Anne Sentenac, Marc Allain
The blind structured illumination microscopy strategy proposed by Mudry et al. is fully re-founded in this paper, unveiling the central role of the sparsity of the illumination patterns in the mechanism that drives super-resolution in the method. A numerical analysis shows that the resolving power of the method can be further enhanced with optimized one-photon or two-photon speckle illuminations. A much improved numerical implementation is provided for the reconstruction problem under the image positivity constraint...
May 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248385/effect-of-oil-on-an-electrowetting-lenticular-lens-and-related-optical-characteristics
#16
Dooseub Shin, Junoh Kim, Cheoljoong Kim, Gyo Hyun Koo, Jee Hoon Sim, Junsik Lee, Yong Hyub Won
While there are many ways to realize autostereoscopic 2D/3D switchable displays, the electrowetting lenticular lens is superior due to the high optical efficiency and short response time. In this paper, we propose a more stable electrowetting lenticular lens by controlling the quantity of oil. With a large amount of oil, the oil layer was broken and the lenticular lens was damaged at relatively low voltage. Therefore, controlling the amount of oil is crucial to obtain the required dioptric power with stability...
March 1, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240420/clinical-utility-of-multipolar-ablation-with-a-three-dimensional-simulator-system-for-patients-with-liver-cancer
#17
Masashi Hirooka, Yohei Koizumi, Yusuke Imai, Yoshiko Nakamura, Atsushi Yukimoto, Takao Watanabe, Osamu Yoshida, Yoshio Tokumoto, Masanori Abe, Yoichi Hiasa
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To confirm the efficacy of multipolar ablation with a new simulator system, 3D sim-Navigator, for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma by assessing relapse-free survival and shape of the ablation volume under clinical conditions. METHODS: All participants provided written, informed consent, and study protocols were approved by the institutional ethics committee. Twenty-seven patients with 27 nodules were treated by no-touch ablation using the new simulator system...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192239/super-silac-mix-coupled-with-sim-aims-assays-for-targeted-verification-of-phosphopeptides-discovered-in-a-large-scale-phosphoproteome-analysis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#18
Yu-Tsun Lin, Kun-Yi Chien, Chia-Chun Wu, Wen-Yu Chang, Lichieh Julie Chu, Min-Chi Chen, Chau-Ting Yeh, Jau-Song Yu
Plentiful studies have established a close association between aberrant phosphorylation and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here, we applied a quantitative phosphoproteomics platform combining dimethylation labeling and online 3D strong cation exchange chromatography (SCX)-titanium oxide (TiO2)/RP-LTQ-Orbitrap to compare phosphoproteomes between three pairs of HCC tissues and non-tumor counterparts. This analysis yielded 7868 quantifiable phosphopeptides and numerous up- or down-regulated candidates. Increased phosphorylation of LMNA and NIPA was confirmed using specific antibodies...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155594/pbpk-modeling-a-predictive-eco-friendly-bio-waiver-tool-for-drug-research
#19
Baishakhi De, Koushik Bhandari, Ranjan Mukherjee, Prakash Katakam, Shanta K Adiki, Rohit Gundamaraju, Analava Mitra
BACKGROUND: The world has witnessed growing complexities in disease scenario influenced by the drastic changes in host-pathogen- environment triadic relation. Pharmaceutical R&Ds are in constant search of novel therapeutic entities to hasten transition of drug molecules from lab bench to patient bedside. Extensive animal studies and human pharmacokinetics are still the "gold standard" in investigational new drug research and bio-equivalency studies. Apart from cost, time and ethical issues on animal experimentation, burning questions arise relating to ecological disturbances, environmental hazards and biodiversity issues...
February 1, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103025/identification-of-the-first-selective-activin-receptor-like-kinase-1-inhibitor-a-reversible-version-of-l-783277
#20
Hanna Cho, Sandip Sengupta, Sean S H Jeon, Wooyoung Hur, Hwan Geun Choi, Hong-Seog Seo, Byung Joo Lee, Jeong Hun Kim, Minhwan Chung, Noo Li Jeon, Nam Doo Kim, Taebo Sim
We synthesized 1 (San78-130), a reversible version of L-783277, as a selective and potent ALK1 inhibitor. Our study showed that 1 possesses great kinase selectivity against a panel of 342 kinases and more potent activity against ALK1 than L-783277. Among the six ALK isotypes (ALK1-6), ALK1 is most significantly inhibited by compound 1. Compound 1 suppresses the BMP9-induced Smad1/5 pathway by mainly inhibiting ALK1 in C2C12 cells. Our molecular dynamics simulations suggest that H-bonding interaction between the C-4' hydroxyl group of 1 and Arg334 of ALK1 substantially contributes to the ALK1 inhibition...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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