keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nerve entrapment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906945/ganglion-cyst-at-the-proximal-tibiofibular-joint-in-a-patient-with-painless-foot-drop
#1
Abdulmuhsen Alsahhaf, Waleed Renno
Entrapment neuropathies of the fibular nerve and its branches are often underdiagnosed due to the lack of reliable diagnosis using clinical examination and electrophysiologic evaluation. Most fibular nerve compressions may be classified into 2 broad categories: (a) mechanical causes, which occur at fibrous or fibro-osseous tunnels, and (b) dynamic causes related to nerve injury during specific limb positioning. Foot drop resulting from weakness of the dorsiflexor muscles of the foot is a relatively uncommon presentation and closely related to L5 neuropathy caused by a disc herniation...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904865/giant-true-brachial-artery-aneurysm-after-hemodialysis-fistula-closure-in-a-renal-transplant-patient
#2
Doriana Ferrara, Michele Di Filippo, Flavia Spalla, Anna Maria Giribono, Emanuela Viviani, Annamaria Santagata, Umberto Bracale, Michele Santangelo, Luca Del Guercio, Umberto Marcello Bracale
The usual manifestation of brachial artery aneurysms is the incidental finding of a swelling of the arm, combined with paresthesia or pain in some cases. The etiology is often traumatic or secondary to drug abuse. Pathophysiology of brachial artery dilation in these cases is not completely clear. We herein describe a case of a 61-year-old male presenting with a giant, painful, pulsatile mass on his left arm. He was submitted to a cadaveric kidney transplant in 2005. He had a functioning arteriovenous fistula (AVF) on his right arm, and a spontaneously thrombosed radiocephalic AVF on his left arm...
September 2016: Case Reports in Nephrology and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902538/ulnar-tunnel-syndrome-radial-tunnel-syndrome-anterior-interosseous-nerve-syndrome-and-pronator-syndrome
#3
Adam B Strohl, David S Zelouf
In addition to the more common carpal tunnel and cubital tunnel syndromes, orthopaedic surgeons must recognize and manage other potential sites of peripheral nerve compression. The distal ulnar nerve may become compressed as it travels through the wrist, which is known as ulnar tunnel or Guyon canal syndrome. The posterior interosseous nerve may become entrapped in the proximal forearm as it travels through the radial tunnel, which results in a pain syndrome without motor weakness. The median nerve may become entrapped in the proximal forearm, which can result in a variety of symptoms...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900300/treatment-of-proximal-hamstring-tendinopathy-related-sciatic-nerve-entrapment-presentation-of-an-ultrasound-guided-intratissue-percutaneous-electrolysis-application
#4
Gabriele Mattiussi, Carlos Moreno
BACKGROUND: Proximal Hamstring Tendinopathy-related Sciatic Nerve Entrapment (PHTrSNE) is a neuropathy caused by fibrosis interposed between the semimembranosus tendon and the sciatic nerve, at the level of the ischial tuberosity. METHODS: Ultrasound-guided Intratissue Percutaneous Electrolysis (US-guided EPI) involves galvanic current transfer within the treatment target tissue (fibrosis) via a needle 0.30 to 0.33 mm in diameter. The galvanic current in a saline solution instantly develops the chemical process of electrolysis, which in turn induces electrochemical ablation of fibrosis...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899021/does-preoperative-diplopia-determine-the-incidence-of-postoperative-diplopia-after-repair-of-orbital-floor-fracture-an-institutional-review
#5
Avisham Ramphul, Gary Hoffman
PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to investigate whether the occurrence of preoperative diplopia determines the incidence of postoperative diplopia after orbital floor repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We undertook a retrospective cohort study with a review of the records of 126 consecutive patients who had undergone repair of an orbital floor fracture under the maxillofacial surgery service at John Hunter Hospital (Newcastle, NSW, Australia). The primary predictor variables were a number of demographic, etiologic, and operative factors that might influence the occurrence of diplopia...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894238/anatomical-approach-to-clinical-problems-of-popliteal-fossa
#6
Gautam Dagur, Jason Gandhi, Noel Smith, Sardar Ali Khan
BACKGROUND: Popliteal fossa, also known as the popliteal space, is located behind the knee joint. This region can develop many clinical complications in the vascular, nervous, lymphatics, adipose, as well as swelling and masses. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review article is to give a detailed understanding of the popliteal fossa and the clinical pathology that may present itself. METHODS: MEDLINE® searches were conducted of literature published since 1950s for "popliteal fossa," "diseases," "anatomy," "arterial," "venous," "nerves," "entrapment syndrome," "aneurysms," "cysts," "lymphatics," "solid masses," "tumors," "inflammatory lesions," and "swellings...
November 27, 2016: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891411/unusual-presentation-of-radial-nerve-entrapment-with-lateral-humeral-condyle-fracture-a-case-report
#7
Manoharan Muthulingam, Swagat Mahapatra
Lateral humeral condyle fracture is the second most common fracture around the elbow in pediatric age group. Acute neurological deficit as a consequence of nerve injury associated with lateral humeral condyle fractures is very uncommon. We report a rare presentation of a case of lateral humeral condyle fracture in a 13-year-old boy with acute radial nerve palsy. Patient was operated through a modified anterolateral approach to the elbow with, exploration of the radial nerve and internal fixation of the fracture...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875620/a-reliable-technique-for-us-guided-perineural-injection-in-ulnar-neuropathy-at-the-elbow
#8
Ulrike M Hamscha, Ines Tinhofer, Stefan Heber, Wolfgang Grisold, Wolfgang J Weninger, Stefan Meng
INTRODUCTION: Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) is a common peripheral compression neuropathy and in most cases occurs at 2 sites, the retroepicondylar groove or the cubital tunnel. With regard to a potential therapeutic approach with perineural corticosteroid injection the aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of injection fluid applied at a standard site. METHODS: We performed ultrasound-guided (US-guided) perineural injections to the ulnar nerve halfway between the olecranon and the medial epicondyle in 21 upper limbs from 11 non-embalmed cadavers...
November 22, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869243/personal-risk-factors-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-female-visual-display-unit-workers
#9
Matteo Riccò, Silvia Cattani, Carlo Signorelli
OBJECTIVES: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common nerve entrapment syndrome, which since the beginning of the seventies has been linked to the keyboard and visual display unit (VDU). The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and personal factors associated with CTS in female VDU workers in Italy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants in this study were female adult subjects, working ≥ 20 h/week (N = 631, mean age 38.14±7.81 years, mean working age 12...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867513/ultrasound-guided-alcohol-neurolysis-of-lateral-femoral-cutaneous-nerve-for-intractable-meralgia-paresthetica-a-case-series
#10
Arif Ahmed, Divesh Arora, Amit Kumar Kochhar
Meralgia paresthetica is a rare sensory entrapment neuropathy which leads to burning, tingling and numbness in the antero-lateral aspect of thigh. Mostly it runs a benign course, and responds to conservative measures. We present a case series of six patients with intractable meralgia paresthetica with severe pain over antero-lateral thigh along the distribution of lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh which was further confirmed by nerve conduction study. These patients did not respond to the oral anti-neuropathic medications...
November 2016: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861415/decompressive-surgery-for-diabetic-neuropathy-waiting-for-incontrovertible-proof
#11
Martijn R Tannemaat, Mirjam Datema, J Gert van Dijk, Rajiv Midha, Martijn J A Malessy
: : Triple decompression surgery has been advocated as a treatment for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). A practice advisory published in 2006 by the American Academy of Neurology concluded that "this treatment alternative should be considered unproven." Since then, multiple cohort studies involving several thousands of patients and 1 nonblind, randomized, controlled trial have been published, suggesting that surgical treatment of DPN has become commonplace in many centers globally...
December 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857853/entrapment-of-the-sciatic-nerve-at-the-linea-aspera-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Giovanni Monteleone, Giorgio Stevanato
BACKGROUND: Nontraumatic, non-neoplastic sciatic nerve entrapment at the level of the thigh is extremely rare. In its course, in proximity of the linea aspera, the nerve is exposed to unexpected neuropathic syndromes associated with bone disorders. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 67-year-old woman presented with a painful, neuropathic syndrome of the sciatic nerve, not resulting from any trauma and persisting for approximately 2 years. Imaging studies of the thigh showed a delimited zone of hyperostosis in the proximal third of the femoral diaphysis...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854094/cubital-tunnel-syndrome-caused-by-ulnar-nerve-schwannoma-in-a-patient-with-diabetic-sensorimotor-polyneuropathy
#13
Meng-Ta Liu, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Chih-Hsin Wang, Yu-Chieh Lin, Chung-Hsing Chou
PURPOSE: An uncommon ulnar nerve schwannoma should not be neglected in a diabetic patient with cubital tunnel syndrome, the second most common cause of entrapment neuropathy. CASE REPORT: A 61-year-old woman with a past history of type 2 diabetes mellitus complicated with sensorimotor polyneuropathy presented with progressive numbness and weakness of the left ring and little fingers for one year. A provisional diagnosis of cubital tunnel syndrome was made according to physical examination and electrophysiological studies...
June 15, 2016: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848072/hamate-hook-nonunion-initially-mistaken-for-ulnar-nerve-compression-a%C3%A2-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#14
Mario Josipovic, Dorotea Bozic, Ivan Bohacek, Tomislav Smoljanovic, Ivan Bojanic
BACKGROUND: Hamate hook (HH) stress fractures are rare, often presenting with misleading symptoms and easily overlooked/misdiagnosed. These fractures occur frequently in individuals participating in sports activities involving racquets, bats, or clubs. Symptoms are non-specific and often mimic other clinical conditions, such as ulnar nerve entrapment or ulnar vessel thrombosis. CASE REPORT: A 17-year-old tennis player with no history of trauma presented with dominant hand weakness together with pain and paresthesia on the ulnar side, which exacerbated with tennis play...
November 15, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845501/treatment-for-ulnar-neuropathy-at-the-elbow
#15
REVIEW
Pietro Caliandro, Giuseppe La Torre, Roberto Padua, Fabio Giannini, Luca Padua
BACKGROUND: Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) is the second most common entrapment neuropathy after carpal tunnel syndrome. Treatment may be conservative or surgical, but optimal management remains controversial. This is an update of a review first published in 2010 and previously updated in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of conservative and surgical treatment in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE). We intended to test whether:- surgical treatment is effective in reducing symptoms and signs and in increasing nerve function;- conservative treatment is effective in reducing symptoms and signs and in increasing nerve function;- it is possible to identify the best treatment on the basis of clinical, neurophysiological, or nerve imaging assessment...
November 15, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843079/morphology-and-morphometry-of-the-ulnar-head-of-the-pronator-teres-muscle-in-relation-to-median-nerve-compression-at-the-proximal-forearm
#16
I A Gurses, L Altinel, O Gayretli, T Akgul, I Uzun, F Dikici
INTRODUCTION: The pronator syndrome is a rare compression neuropathy of the median nerve. Ulnar head of the pronator teres muscle may cause compression at proximal forearm. HYPOTHESIS: Detailed morphologic and morphometric studies on the anatomy of the ulnar head of pronator teres is scarce. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We dissected 112 forearms of fresh cadavers. We evaluated the morphology and morphometry of the ulnar head of pronator teres muscle...
November 11, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830881/transtendinous-course-of-the-infrapatellar-branch-of-saphenous-nerve-a-contribution-to-the-etiology-of-entrapment-neuropathy-and-modification-of-the-existing-classification
#17
Konstantinos Natsis, Georgios Konstantinidis, Georgios Geropoulos, Trifon Totlis, Nikolaos Lazaridis, Thomas Tegos
BACKGROUND: The course of the infrapatellar branch of saphenous nerve (IPBSN) in relation to the Sartorius muscle has been classified into presartorial, transsartorial and retrosartorial types. Mechanical compression of the IPBSN within the sartorius tendon has been surgically recognized as a cause of entrapment neuropathy. Purpose of the present study was to differentiate the IPBSNs penetrating the sartorius tendon from those penetrating the sartorius muscle, from an anatomical and clinical point of views and thus modifying the existing classification...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815973/validation-of-preoperative-nerve-conduction-studies-by-intraoperative-studies-in-patients-with-ulnar-neuropathy-at-the-elbow
#18
Gregor Omejec, Krešimir Božikov, Simon Podnar
OBJECTIVE: To validate the findings of preoperative motor short-segment nerve conduction studies (SSNCSs) by intraoperative SSNCSs in patients with cubital tunnel syndrome. METHODS: We prospectively recruited patients with ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (UNE) localized distal to the medial epicondyle (ME). Preoperatively, motor SSNCSs and ultrasonography (US) were performed. Immediately after surgical dissection of the humeroulnar aponeurotic arcade (HUA), intraoperative near-nerve motor SSNCSs were performed, and compared to preoperative findings...
December 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805920/benign-glandular-schwannoma-with-ancient-change
#19
Alex C Holliday, Sean E Mazloom, Garrett C Coman, Michael S Kolodney, Rahul N Chavan, Douglas J Grider
Benign glandular schwannomas are rare and should be distinguished from malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors with similar divergent tissue differentiation. The authors present a benign glandular schwannoma with ancient change that developed in the subcutis of a 46-year-old man's posterior calf. He lacked stigmata of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). The glandular elements stained positively for epithelial membrane antigen and pancytokeratin. The spindled cells stained positively for SOX10 and S100 protein, supporting schwannian (neural crest) differentiation...
October 31, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803226/suprascapular-neuropathy-in-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-with-severe-fatty-degeneration-in-the-infraspinatus-muscle
#20
B Y Kong, S H Kim, D H Kim, H Y Joung, Y H Jang, J H Oh
AIMS: Our aim was to describe the atypical pattern of increased fatty degeneration in the infraspinatus muscle compared with the supraspinatus in patients with a massive rotator cuff tear. We also wished to describe the nerve conduction and electromyography findings in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of patients undergoing surgery for a massive rotator cuff tear was identified and their clinical records obtained. Their MRI images were reviewed to ascertain the degree of retraction of the torn infraspinatus and supraspinatus muscles, and the degree of fatty degeneration in both muscles was recorded...
November 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
keyword
keyword
76808
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"