Read by QxMD icon Read


Khaled Sinjab, Nouf Zimmo, Guo-Hao Lin, Ming-Pang Chung, Lujain Shaikh, Hom-Lay Wang
BACKGROUND: The use of statins on adult chronic patients showed a positive effect on their periodontal status. However, The effect of locally delivered statins on periodontal treatment has not yet been systematically analyzed. Hence, the present systematic review and meta-analyses aimed to evaluate the efficacy of statins on treating localized periodontal intrabony defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An electronic search of 3 databases (1965-2016 March 1(st)), including PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and a hand search of peer-reviewed journals for relevant articles were performed...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Hans R Preus, Per Gjermo, Vibeke Baelum
BACKGROUND: Tooth loss is the ultimate negative consequence of periodontitis, and reports of the extent to which different treatment strategies may influence the loss of teeth in the long run are hard to find. AIM: To test the hypothesis that there is no difference in the 5-year clinical outcome of therapy in terms of tooth mortality between groups of patients treated with conventional over-weeks scaling and root planing (SRP) or same-day full-mouth disinfection (FDIS), with or without adjunctive metronidazole...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Juan Lin, Yufang Zhong, Hua Fan, Chaofeng Song, Chao Yu, Yue Gao, Xiong Xiong, Chenxi Wu, Jiantong Liu
In this work, sediments were treated with calcium nitrate, aluminum sulfate, ferric sulfate, and Phoslock®, respectively. The impact of treatments on internal phosphorus release, the abundance of nitrogen cycle-related functional genes, and the growth of submerged macrophytes were investigated. All treatments reduced total phosphorus (TP) and soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) in interstitial water, and aluminum sulfate was most efficient. Aluminum sulfate also decreased TP and SRP in overlying water. Treatments significantly changed P speciations in the sediment...
October 20, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
M García-Gargallo, M Zurlohe, E Montero, B Alonso, J Serrano, M Sanz, D Herrera
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of two newly formulated chlorhexidine (CHX) and cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC) mouthrinses after scaling and root planing (SRP) in terms of clinical, microbiological, patient-based variables and adverse events, with a positive control with the same active components, already marketed and tested. METHODS: A pilot, randomized clinical trial, double-blind, parallel design with 1-month follow-up was conducted. Chronic periodontitis patients requiring non-surgical periodontal therapy were enrolled and randomly assigned to: (i) SRP and test-1 (new reformulation: 0...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Kiyomi Morita, Fumihiko Nakamura, Kaori Sakuishi, Tomotaka Yamamoto, Jun Shimizu, Shoji Tsuji, Mineo Kurokawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Zohaib Akram, Tariq Abduljabbar, Sergio Varela Kellesarian, Mohamed Ibrahim Abu Hassan, Fawad Javed, Fahim Vohra
AIMS: The aim of this systematic review was to assess the efficacy of bisphosphonate therapy as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the management of periodontitis. METHODS: Databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register databases) were searched up to and including July 2016. The primary outcome was probing depth (PD), and the secondary outcomes were changes in clinical attachment level (CAL) and bone defect (BD) fill...
October 8, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Shruti Garg, A R Pradeep
BACKGROUND: Statins are one of the lipid lowering drugs that help in reducing cholesterol levels in the body by specifically inhibiting 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase; which is a rate limiting enzyme for cholesterol synthesis. Rosuvastatin (RSV) and atorvastatin (ATV) have shown to have bone stimulatory and anti-inflammatory effects. The present study aims to explore the efficacy of 1.2% RSV and 1.2% ATV gel as a local drug delivery and redelivery system as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) for the treatment of class II furcation defects...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Periodontology
Anne E V Gorden, Michael L McKee
The stability of Th(4+) to reduction in water is studied by DFT methods. The standard reduction potential (SRP) of homoleptic complexes including Th(H2O)9(4+), Th(H2O)10(4+), Th(NO3)4, Th(NO2)6(2-), Th(NO3)6(2-), Th(COT)2, Th(acac)4, ThCp4, ThF4, and ThCl4 have been investigated. The values vary widely (from -3.50 V for Th(OH)4 to -0.62 V for Th(NO3)4 depending on whether the ligands are redox active (noninnocent) or not. Several additional topics of thorium chemistry are explored, including the hydrolysis mechanism of ThO2(H2O)n, n = 1, 2, 4, and the solution phase nonzero dipole moment of ThCp4...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Sebastiaan T Roos, François T Yu, Otto Kamp, Xucai Chen, Flordeliza S Villanueva, John J Pacella
Coronary intervention for myocardial infarction often results in microvascular embolization of thrombus. Sonoreperfusion therapy (SRP) using ultrasound and microbubbles restored perfusion in our in vitro flow model of microvascular obstruction. In this study, we assessed SRP efficacy using whole blood as the perfusate with and without tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). In a phantom vessel bearing a 40-μm-pore mesh to simulate the microvasculature, microthrombi were injected to cause microvascular obstruction and were treated using SRP...
September 26, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Tariq Abduljabbar, Fawad Javed, Altaf Shah, Mazin Saleh Samer, Fahim Vohra, Zohaib Akram
The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy of adjunctive use of laser therapy (LT) alone or antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) to improve clinical periodontal and HbA1c levels in patients with both chronic periodontitis (CP) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Electronic search of the MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, Science Direct, and SCOPUS databases were combined with hand searching of articles published from 1975 up to and including March 2016 using relevant MeSH terms. Six studies were selected for this review...
September 29, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Catherine Ashton, Reimar Junckerstorff, Chris Bundell, Peter Hollingsworth, Merrilee Needham
Necrotising Autoimmune Myopathy (NAM) presents as a subacute proximal myopathy with high creatine kinase levels. It is associated with statin exposure, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCR) antibody, connective tissue diseases, signal recognition particle (SRP) antibody and malignancy. This case series presents our Western Australian NAM patient cohort: comparing the subgroup presentations, biopsy appearance and treatment outcomes. We retrospectively collected data on patients diagnosed with NAM at the Western Australian Neuroscience Research Institute between the years 2000 and 2015...
September 3, 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Fernando Comba, Nicolás S Piuzzi, José Ignacio Oñativia, Gerardo Zanotti, Martín Buttaro, Francisco Piccaluga
BACKGROUND: Calcific deposits in tendon, muscles, and periarticular areas are very common. Heterotopic ossification of the rectus femoris (HORF) is a rare condition, and several theories exist regarding the etiopathogenesis, which appears to be multifactorial with traumatic, genetic, and local metabolic factors involved. Although HORF typically responds to nonoperative treatment, when this approach fails, endoscopic treatment is a minimally invasive technique to address the pathology...
September 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Mohammed Shabrawishi, Abdurahman Albeity, Hani Almoallim
Raynaud's phenomenon refers to reversible spasms of the peripheral arterioles that can be primary Raynaud's phenomenon (PRP) or secondary Raynaud's phenomenon (SRP) to underlying connective tissue disease, both of which are characterized by a triphasic color response triggered by cold exposure or stress. PRP is typically a benign disease, whereas SRP may progress into digital ulcers and/or gangrene. Here, we report a case of a 55-year-old female diagnosed with PRP 7 years ago. Treatment with first-line agents, including calcium channel blocker, aspirin, and phosphodiesterase inhibitor, did not control her symptoms, which progressed to digital ulceration and gangrene...
2016: Case Reports in Rheumatology
Satoshi Kanda, Kota Yanagitani, Yukiko Yokota, Yuta Esaki, Kenji Kohno
Unconventional mRNA splicing on the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane is the sole conserved mechanism in eukaryotes to transmit information regarding misfolded protein accumulation to the nucleus to activate the stress response. In metazoans, the unspliced form of X-box-binding protein 1 (XBP1u) mRNA is recruited to membranes as a ribosome nascent chain (RNC) complex for efficient splicing. We previously reported that both hydrophobic (HR2) and translational pausing regions of XBP1u are important for the recruitment of its own mRNA to membranes...
October 4, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Iago Pinal-Fernandez, Maria Casal-Dominguez, John A Carrino, Arash H Lahouti, Pari Basharat, Jemima Albayda, Julie J Paik, Shivani Ahlawat, Sonye K Danoff, Thomas E Lloyd, Andrew L Mammen, Lisa Christopher-Stine
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to define the pattern of muscle involvement in patients with immune-mediated necrotising myopathy (IMNM) relative to those with other inflammatory myopathies and to compare patients with IMNM with different autoantibodies. METHODS: All Johns Hopkins Myositis Longitudinal Cohort subjects with a thigh MRI (tMRI) who fulfilled criteria for IMNM, dermatomyositis (DM), polymyositis (PM), inclusion body myositis (IBM) or clinically amyopathic DM (CADM) were included in the study...
September 20, 2016: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
L A Costa, C C C Ribeiro, L M Cantanhede, J F Santiago Júnior, M R de Mendonça, A L P Pereira
Intrusive luxation is a severe form of dental trauma and there is no consensus regarding its management for permanent teeth. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to identify the appropriate treatment for teeth with intrusive luxation. The PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, US Clinical Trials, and ISRCTN Registry electronic databases were used to search for articles in English and unpublished studies without a date limit. Eligible studies evaluated periodontal results (root resorption as the primary outcome; marginal bone defects and/or pulpal changes as secondary outcomes) after spontaneous re-eruption (SRE), orthodontic repositioning (ORP), or surgical repositioning (SRP) for patients with one or more traumatically intruded permanent teeth...
September 17, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Janaína Andrade Dos Santos, Karen Figueiredo de Oliveira, Isabel Cristina da Silva Araújo, Izaura Izadora Ferreira Avelino, Karla Nayara de Sousa Cajuí, Luiz Drude de Lacerda, Rozane Valente Marins
Monitoring phosphorus (P) concentration in water and sediments in the Castanhão reservoir, under intensive aquaculture, in Northeastern Brazil showed internal process to dominate P cycling following a reduction of reservoir volume due to an extended drought period. A strong negative correlation between soluble reactive phosphorus in surface waters (SRPs) with the reservoir volume results from diminishing dilution capacity; bottom water SRP showed no significant correlation with volume and imply SRP remobilization to surface layers...
September 20, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Antonio Renatus, Jörg Herrmann, Antje Schönfelder, Fabian Schwarzenberger, Holger Jentsch
INTRODUCTION: Over the years, numerous trials have sufficiently documented benefits of adjuvant administration of antibiotics in combination to Scaling and Root Planing (SRP) in treatment of periodontitis. Nevertheless there are justified doubts in respect to antibiotics administration with regard to increasing development of resistances. AIM: The aim of this review study and meta-analysis was to verify a possible benefit of Azithromycin (AZM) as an alternative adjuvant antibiotic in combination with SRP...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Chetan Purushottam Raut, Kunal S Sethi
BACKGROUND: Conventional nonsurgical periodontal therapy has been proven to be an effective treatment for patients with chronic periodontitis. Coenzyme Q10 and tea tree oil (TTO) are known to have potential therapeutic benefits in chronic periodontitis. AIMS: The aim of the study is to compare the efficacy of Coenzyme Q10 (Perio Q(®)) and tea tree oil (Melaleuca alternifolia) gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in the treatment of chronic periodontitis...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"