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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631896/boric-acid-gel-as-local-drug-delivery-in-the-treatment-of-class-ii-furcation-defects-in-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Sandeep Singhal, Avani Raju Pradeep, Dharmendra Kanoriya, Shruti Garg, Vibhuti Garg
AIM: Boric acid (BA) exhibits antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, as well as osteoblastic, activity. The aim of the present study was to explore the efficacy of 0.75% BA gel as a local drug-delivery system in adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) for the treatment of class II furcation defects in comparison with placebo gel. METHODS: A total of 48 mandibular class II furcation defects were randomized and treated with either 0.75% BA gel or placebo gel. Clinical parameters were recorded at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months, while radiographic parameters were recorded at baseline and 6 months...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631250/lactobacillus-salivarius-nk02-a-potent-probiotic-for-clinical-application-in-mouthwash
#2
Neda Sajedinejad, Mojgan Paknejad, Behzad Houshmand, Hakimeh Sharafi, Reza Jelodar, Hossein Shahbani Zahiri, Kambiz Akbari Noghabi
A specific strain of naturally occurring oral lactobacilli was isolated and identified based on morphological, biochemical, and 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The phylogenetic affiliation of the isolate confirmed that the NK02 strain had close association with the Lactobacillus salivarius. An effective mouthwash was developed for treatment of periodontitis and suppression of the indicator bacterium Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans which is an obvious pathogen of periodontal disease. The mouthwash containing L...
June 19, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624914/the-effects-of-a-desiccant-agent-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
Gaetano Isola, Giovanni Matarese, Ray C Williams, Vincenzo Iorio Siciliano, Angela Alibrandi, Giancarlo Cordasco, Luca Ramaglia
OBJECTIVE: Chemotherapeutic agents have been widely used as adjuncts for the treatment of chronic periodontitis (CP). This study investigated and compared a desiccant agent as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) versus SRP alone for the treatment of CP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six patients with CP were studied. Using a split-mouth design, the maxillary right and left quadrants were randomly assigned to SRP plus desiccant (Hybenx® EPIEN Medical, Inc...
June 17, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611932/physiotherapy-in-parkinson-s-disease-building-parkinsonnet-in-czechia
#4
Ota Gal, Martin Srp, Romana Konvalinkova, Martina Hoskovcova, Vaclav Capek, Jan Roth, Evzen Ruzicka
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a questionnaire survey to investigate the availability and quality of physiotherapy (PT) for Parkinson's disease (PD). BACKGROUND: Despite evidence about the benefits of PT, there is no data regarding its use in Czechia. METHODS: Questionnaires were sent to 368 PD patients seen in a single movement disorders centre within two years (inclusion criteria: idiopathic PD, Hoehn and Yahr stage <5, and residence in Prague) and to 211 physical therapists (PTs) registered in Prague...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604445/development-of-an-hiv-testing-dashboard-to-complement-the-hiv-care-continuum-among-msm-pwid-and-heterosexuals-in-washington-dc-2007-2015
#5
Rudy Patrick, Alan Greenberg, Manya Magnus, Jenevieve Opoku, Michael Kharfen, Irene Kuo
BACKGROUND: We developed an HIV testing dashboard to complement the HIV care continuum in selected high-risk populations. Using National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) data, we examined trends in HIV testing and care for men who have sex with men (MSM), persons who inject drugs (PWID), and heterosexuals at elevated risk (HET). METHODS: Between 2007 and 2015, 4792 participants ≥18 years old completed a behavioral survey and were offered HIV testing. For the testing dashboard, proportions ever tested, tested in the past year, testing HIV-positive, and newly testing positive were calculated...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601733/effect-of-1-2-of-simvastatin-gel-as-a-local-drug-delivery-system-on-gingival-crevicular-fluid-interleukin-6-interleukin-8-levels-in-non-surgical-treatment-of-chronic-periodontitis-patients
#6
Gayathri Gunjiganur Vemanaradhya, Shilpa Emani, Dhoom Singh Mehta, Shilpy Bhandari
AIM: The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of 1.2% simvastatin gel as local drug delivery (LDD) system on Gingival Crevicular Fluid (GCF) Interleukin -6 (IL-6) and Interleukin-8 (IL-8) levels in chronic periodontitis patients, in addition to scaling and root planing (SRP). METHODS: A total of 46 chronic periodontitis patients were equally divided into two groups. Group I patients were treated by SRP; Group II patients were treated by SRP followed by LDD of 1...
June 3, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598985/optimized-double-digest-genotyping-by-sequencing-ddgbs-method-with-high-density-snp-markers-and-high-genotyping-accuracy-for-chickens
#7
Yuzhe Wang, Xuemin Cao, Yiqiang Zhao, Jing Fei, Xiaoxiang Hu, Ning Li
High-density single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers are crucial to improve the resolution and accuracy of genome-wide association study (GWAS) and genomic selection (GS). Numerous approaches, including whole genome sequencing, genome sampling sequencing, and SNP chips are able to discover or genotype markers at different densities and costs. Achieving an optimal balance between sequencing resolution and budgets, especially in large-scale population genetics research, constitutes a major challenge. Here, we performed improved double-enzyme digestion genotyping by sequencing (ddGBS) on chicken...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594630/psychopathy-and-deviant-workplace-behavior-a-comparison-of-two-psychopathy-models
#8
Jessica R Carre, Steven M Mueller, Karly M Schleicher, Daniel N Jones
Although psychopathy is an interpersonally harmful construct, few studies have compared different psychopathy models in predicting different types of workplace deviance. We examined how the Triarchic Psychopathy Model (TRI-PM) and the Self-Report Psychopathy-Short Form (SRP-SF) predicted deviant workplace behaviors in two forms: sexual harassment and deviant work behaviors. Using structural equations modeling, the latent factor of psychopathy was predictive for both types of deviant workplace behavior. Specifically, the SRP-SF significantly predicted both measures of deviant workplace behavior...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579153/outcomes-of-external-septorhinoplasty-in-a-turkish-male-population
#9
Gamze Didem Kilci, Engin Başer, Ayşegül Verim, Ömer Faruk Çalim, Bayram Veyseller, Orhan Özturan, Ahmet Altintaş, Mustafa Çelik
INTRODUCTION: The first and one of the most important steps in facial plastic surgery is accurate preoperative facial analysis and recording of data that may help the surgeon to check the outcomes of his/her techniques, promoting a surgeon's professional development. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the esthetic outcomes of external septorhinoplasty (SRP) relevant to ethnic facial harmony and to investigate the relationship of the columellar incision scar with the type of skin and columellar incision type in a Turkish population...
May 20, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576424/-salvage-radical-prostatectomy-for-recurrent-prostate-cancer-morbidity-oncological-and-functional-results
#10
R Vidmar, G Marcq, V Flamand, J-C Fantoni, F Hénon, A Villers, A Ouzzane
INTRODUCTION: Salvage radical prostatectomy (sRP) for radiorecurrent prostate cancer (PCa) is a challenging procedure. To report our experience with sRP for selected patients with local recurrence after primary treatment for localised PCa. METHODS: From 2005 to 2015, 24 patients underwent sRP for recurrent PCa in our center and were included in this retrospective study. Local recurrence was suspected by PSA increase>nadir+2ng/mL and was confirmed by biopsy...
June 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572812/halophytes-potential-resources-for-salt-stress-tolerance-genes-and-promoters
#11
REVIEW
Avinash Mishra, Bhakti Tanna
Halophytes have demonstrated their capability to thrive under extremely saline conditions and thus considered as one of the best germplasm for saline agriculture. Salinity is a worldwide problem, and the salt-affected areas are increasing day-by-day because of scanty rainfall, poor irrigation system, salt ingression, water contamination, and other environmental factors. The salinity stress tolerance mechanism is a very complex phenomenon, and some pathways are coordinately linked for imparting salinity tolerance...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571294/a-rare-case-of-digoxin-associated-gingival-overgrowth
#12
Sanjeela Rakshith Guru, Aparnna Suresh, Shyam Padmanabhan, Adithya Reddy
This case report presents a case of drug induced gingival overgrowth in a 28-year-old female patient with history of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and was prescribed digoxin in combination with furosemide and acitrom for the same. On clinical examination, the patient presented with severe gingival overgrowth. The volume of enlargement seen did not correlate solely with the diagnosis of inflammatory Gingival Enlargement (GE), hence an added drug induced component to the Gingival Overgrowth (GO) was suspected...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571269/effect-of-pre-procedural-chair-side-finger-stretches-on-pinch-strength-amongst-dental-cohort-a-biomechanical-study
#13
Ninad Milind Padhye, Ashvini Mukul Padhye, Himani Swatantrakumar Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Ergonomics is the essential principle behind the health and successful practice for a dentist and dental hygienist. During the procedure of dental Scaling and Root Planing (SRP), a high level of pinch force is exerted by the finger muscles resulting in early muscle fatigue. AIM: This pilot study comparatively evaluated the Pinch Strength (PS) of the finger muscles, prior to and after SRP, amongst dental cohort performing chair-side hand and finger stretches to those not performing the same...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562731/-helminthology-according-to-the-philosophy-of-science-of-imre-lakatos
#14
Martín Orensanz, Guillermo Denegri
Lakatos's philosophy of science has been used for different branches of biology, however this has not been true for helminthology. Therefore, this article examines the possibility of using his methodology of scientific research programmes (SRP) for reconstructing the history of the discipline of helminthology. It is upheld that the first SRP in biology was inaugurated by Aristotle, and its protective belt included a small group of auxiliary hypotheses referring to helminths. This programme continued up until the 17th century, when two rival programmes in helminthology arose: the internalist and the externalist...
January 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559807/eeg-and-eye-tracking-signatures-of-target-encoding-during-structured-visual-search
#15
Anne-Marie Brouwer, Maarten A Hogervorst, Bob Oudejans, Anthony J Ries, Jonathan Touryan
EEG and eye tracking variables are potential sources of information about the underlying processes of target detection and storage during visual search. Fixation duration, pupil size and event related potentials (ERPs) locked to the onset of fixation or saccade (saccade-related potentials, SRPs) have been reported to differ dependent on whether a target or a non-target is currently fixated. Here we focus on the question of whether these variables also differ between targets that are subsequently reported (hits) and targets that are not (misses)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559203/is-antimicrobial-photodynamic-therapy-an-effective-treatment-for-chronic-periodontitis-in-diabetes-mellitus-and-cigarette-smokers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Nawwaf Al-Hamoudi
BACKGROUND: To determine whether treatment with antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) improves clinical, microbiological and immunological outcomes in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cigarette smokers with chronic periodontitis (CP). METHODS: Databases (MEDLINE, PubMed; Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Cochrane Oral Health Group Trials Register) were searched up to and including May 2017. The addressed PICO question was: "Does aPDT as an adjunct to SRP improves clinical, microbiological and immunological outcomes in T2DM and smokers with CP?" RESULTS: Six randomized clinical trials were included...
May 27, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550797/potential-tracers-for-tracking-septic-tank-effluent-discharges-in-watercourses
#17
Samia Richards, Paul J A Withers, Eric Paterson, Colin W McRoberts, Marc Stutter
Septic tank effluent (STE) contributes to catchment nutrient and pollutant loads. To assess the role of STE discharges in impairment of surface water, it is essential to identify the sources of pollution by tracing contaminants in watercourses. We examined tracers that were present in STE to establish their potential for identifying STE contamination in two stream systems (low and high dilution levels) against the background of upstream sources. The studied tracers were microbial, organic matter fluorescence, caffeine, artificial sweeteners and effluent chemical concentrations...
May 24, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541934/evaluation-of-ageratum-conyzoides-in-field-scale-constructed-wetlands-cws-for-domestic-wastewater-treatment
#18
A S Tilak, Suhas P Wani, A Datta, M D Patil, M Kaushal, K R Reddy
Ageratum conyzoides were evaluated in field scale subsurface flow constructed wetlands (CWs) to quantify its nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) uptake and compare with wetland plants (Pistia stratiotes, Typha latifolia and Canna indica). The two-field scale subsurface flow CWs, located in the International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics, received wastewater from an urban colony. The CW1 and CW2 had the same dimensions (length:10 m, width:3 m, total depth:1.5 m and sand and gravel:1 m), similar flow rates (3 m(3)/d), hydraulic loading rates (HLRs-10 cm/d) and hydraulic retention time (HRT-5 days) from July 2014-August 2015...
May 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541559/hydraulic-redistribution-under-moderate-drought-among-english-oak-european-beech-and-norway-spruce-determined-by-deuterium-isotope-labeling-in-a-split-root-experiment
#19
Benjamin D Hafner, Martina Tomasella, Karl-Heinz Häberle, Marc Goebel, Rainer Matyssek, Thorsten E E Grams
Hydraulic redistribution (HR) of soil water through plant roots is a crucial phenomenon improving the water balance of plants and ecosystems. It is mostly described under severe drought, and not yet studied under moderate drought. We tested the potential of HR under moderate drought, hypothesizing that (H1) tree species redistribute soil water in their roots even under moderate drought and that (H2) neighboring plants are supported with water provided by redistributing plants. Trees were planted in split-root systems with one individual (i...
May 24, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538922/the-national-policy-for-comprehensive-health-of-lesbians-gays-bisexuals-and-transgender-lgbt-and-access-to-the-sex-reassignment-process-in-the-brazilian-unified-health-system-sus-progress-and-challenges
#20
Gianna Schreiber Popadiuk, Daniel Canavese Oliveira, Marcos Claudio Signorelli
This study aimed to analyze how the Brazilian Ministry of Health (MS) is implementing the Sex Reassignment Process (SRP) in the Unified Health System (SUS), through research of public domain official documents, systematization of surgery's quantitative data and analysis of meeting reports of the LGBT Health Technical Committee (CTSLGBT) of the MS. We conducted exploratory research combining quantitative and qualitative methods, using as methodological basis the normative proposal of health programs and systems evaluation study...
May 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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