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Epigallocatechin gallate

Kolla Rajasekhar, Kapilkumar Mehta, Thimmaiah Govindaraju
Amyloid beta (Aβ) aggregation is the key trait responsible for the pathological devastation caused by Alzheimer's disease (AD). Among the various pathways of multifaceted toxicity exhibited by Aβ aggregates in neuronal cells, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by Aβ-CuII complex and mitochondrial damage are prominent. Aβ interferes with mitochondrial transport channels, causing mitochondrial dysfunction. Herein, we present nontoxic hybrid multifunctional modulators (HMMs, TGR86-88) developed by integrating the structural and functional features of the metal chelating aggregation modulator, clioquinol (Clq) and the antioxidant epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)...
March 20, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Paula Ortiz-Romero, Cristina Borralleras, Mònica Bosch-Morató, Biuse Guivernau, Guillermo Albericio, Francisco J Muñoz, Luis A Pérez-Jurado, Victoria Campuzano
Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder caused by a heterozygous deletion of 26-28 genes at chromosome band 7q11.23. The complete deletion (CD) mouse model mimics the most common deletion found in WBS patients and recapitulates most neurologic features of the disorder along with some cardiovascular manifestations leading to significant cardiac hypertrophy with increased cardiomyocytes' size. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the most abundant catechin found in green tea, has been associated with potential health benefits, both on cognition and cardiovascular phenotypes, through several mechanisms...
2018: PloS One
Bing Hu, Yang Shen, Jozef Adamcik, Peter Fischer, Mirjam Schneider, Martin J Loessner, Raffaele Mezzenga
Adaptable hydrogel networks with reversible connectivity have emerged as a promising platform for biomedical applications. Synthetic copolymers and Low-Molecular Weight Gelators (LMWG) have been shown to form reversible hydrogels through self-assembly of the molecules driven by self complementary hydrophobic interaction and hydrogen bonding. Here, inspired by the adhesive proteins secreted by mussels, we found that simply adding natural polyphenols, such as epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) to amyloid fibrils present in the nematic phase, successfully drives the formation of hydrogels through self-assembly of the hybrid supramolecules...
March 19, 2018: ACS Nano
Ke-Wang Luo, Wing-Yin Lung, Chun-Xie, Xin-Le Luo, Wei-Ren Huang
Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the bioactive polyphenol in green tea, has been demonstrated to have various biological activities. We previously found that EGCG inhibited SW780 tumor growth by down-regulation of NF-κB and MMP-9. This study demonstrated that EGCG inhibited bladder cancer T24 and 5637 cell proliferation and migration via PI3K/AKT pathway, without modulation of NF-κB. Our results showed that treatment of EGCG resulted in significant inhibition of cell proliferation by induction of apoptosis, without obvious toxicity to normal bladder SV-HUC-1 cells...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
İlkay Aydogan, Mehmet Akif Karslı, Mehmet Başalan, Ebru Yıldırım, Miyase Çınar, Gökhan Şen, Tugce Sümer
We evaluated the effects of dietary epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on the performance, biochemical parameters, and liver histopathology of fluoride-intoxicated broiler chickens. In total, 160 1-day-old male broiler chicks (Ross PM3 strain) were collected and assigned to four groups (40 animals each), with four replicates. The control group received a basal diet; the F group received 800 mg/kg fluoride; the EGCG group received 400 mg/kg EGCG; and the EGCG+F group received 400 mg/kg EGCG and 800 mg/kg fluoride...
March 16, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
Julia S Gauer, Sarka Tumova, Jonathan D Lippiat, Asimina Kerimi, Gary Williamson
Only limited data are available on the inhibition of the sugar transporter GLUT5 by flavonoids or other classes of bioactives. Intestinal GLUT7 is poorly characterised and no information exists concerning its inhibition. We aimed to study the expression of GLUT7 in Caco-2/TC7 intestinal cells, and evaluate inhibition of glucose transport by GLUT2 and GLUT7, and of fructose transport by GLUT2, GLUT5 and GLUT7, by flavonoids. Differentiated Caco-2/TC7 cell monolayers were used to investigate GLUT7 expression, as well as biotinylation and immunofluorescence to assess GLUT7 location...
March 13, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Jânio S Santos, Carolina T P Deolindo, Jessica F Hoffmann, Fabio C Chaves, Leonardo do Prado-Silva, Anderson S Sant'Ana, Luciana Azevedo, Mariana Araújo Vieira do Carmo, Daniel Granato
A statistical optimization study was conducted to obtain a tea containing fermented rooibos (Aspalathus linearis), white tea (Camellia sinensis var. sinensis), and roasted mate (Ilex paraguariensis). An optimal combination of these species was proposed. This optimized tea inhibited 64% the lipoperoxidation in vitro and presented a high phenolic content, especially kaempferol, (+)-catechin, (-)-epicatechin, rutin, (-)-epigallocatechin, and (-)-epicatechin-2-O-gallate. Indeed, the antioxidant effect was confirmed by decreasing 30% the reactive oxygen species generation in human hepatoma carcinoma cells (HepG2, 100 and 240 µg/mL)...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Liyu Shi, Shifeng Cao, Xin Chen, Wei Chen, Yonghua Zheng, Zhenfeng Yang
Proanthocyanidins (PAs) are distributed widely in Chinese bayberry fruit and have been associated with human health benefits, but molecular and biochemical characterization of PA biosynthesis remains unclear. Here, two genes encoding key PA biosynthetic enzymes, anthocyanidin reductase (ANR) and leucoanthocyanidin reductase (LAR) were isolated in bayberry fruit. MrANR was highly expressed at the early stage of fruit development when soluble PAs accumulated at high levels. Meanwhile, the transcript abundance of both MrANR and MrLAR observed at the late stage was paralleled with the high amounts of insoluble PAs...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Shuwei Zhang, Chun Yang, Emmanuel Idehen, Shi Lei, Lishuang Lv, Shengmin Sang
Black tea consumption has been associated with many health benefits including the prevention of cancer and heart disease. However, the chemical composition of black tea has not been fully explored. Most studies have examined different interactions between the four major tea catechins, and few studies have examined the interaction between catechins and other components in tea. In the present study, we tested our hypothesis that the ortho-dihydroxyl structure of chlorogenic acid (CGA) could react with the vic-trihydroxy structure of (-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) and (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC) to generate theaflavin-type of compounds during black tea fermentation...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Ziqiang Huang, Yunwei Pang, Haisheng Hao, Weihua Du, Xueming Zhao, Huabin Zhu
Objective: Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is a major ingredient of catechin polyphenols and is considered one of the most promising bioactive compounds in green tea because of its strong antioxidant properties. However, the protective role of EGCG in bovine oocyte in vitro maturation (IVM) has not been investigated. Therefore, we aimed to study the effects of EGCG on IVM of bovine oocytes. Methods: Bovine oocytes were treated with different concentrations of EGCG (0, 25, 50 100, and 200 μM) , and the nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation, cumulus cell expansion, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, total antioxidant capacity, the early apoptosis and the developmental competence of in vitro fertilized embryos were measured...
March 13, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
H J C de Vries, M Soltanipoor, S Kezic, C E Vergunst
Camellia sinensis extract/Sinecatechins/10% ointment is a registered topical therapy for the treatment of external and perianal genital warts, to be applied thrice daily. Pharmacokinetic studies elucidating the most optimal frequency of application have not been undertaken, and a less frequent (more convenient) application schedule might also be effective. Here, we measured epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) concentrations, the main Camellia sinensis extract component, in the stratum corneum (SC) over time after one application...
March 10, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Mina Cheraghi Nirumand, Marziyeh Hajialyani, Roja Rahimi, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei, Stéphane Zingue, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Anupam Bishayee
Kidney stones are one of the oldest known and common diseases in the urinary tract system. Various human studies have suggested that diets with a higher intake of vegetables and fruits play a role in the prevention of kidney stones. In this review, we have provided an overview of these dietary plants, their main chemical constituents, and their possible mechanisms of action. Camellia sinensis (green tea), Rubus idaeus (raspberry), Rubia cordifolia (common madder), Petroselinum crispum (parsley), Punica granatum (pomegranate), Pistacia lentiscus (mastic), Solanum xanthocarpum (yellow-fruit nightshade), Urtica dioica (stinging nettle), Dolichos biflorus ( horse gram ), Ammi visnaga (khella), Nigella sativa (black-cumin), Hibiscus sabdariffa (roselle), and Origanum vulgare (oregano) have received considerable interest based on scientific evidence...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Taewoong Ha, Mi Kyoung Kim, Kwang-Su Park, Woong Jung, Hyunah Choo, Youhoon Chong
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is known as a mitochondria-targeted molecule that can prevent mitochondrial deterioration and induce mitochondrial biogenesis by modulating key regulators of mitochondrial metabolism. In this study, we tackled whether derivatization of EGCG could result in enhancement of its effects on mitochondrial biogenesis. EGCG, EGCG peracetate (AcEGCG), and its 4″- O-alkyl substituted congeners prepared by previously reported procedures were biologically evaluated. Interestingly, EGCG and AcEGCG were only marginally effective in inducing mitochondrial biogenesis, while AcEGCG congeners with an alkyl group at the 4″- O position showed significantly increased biological activity compared to their parent compound...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Le Ying, De-Dong Kong, Yuan-Yuan Gao, Feng Yan, Yue-Fei Wang, Ping Xu
Phenolics, as the main bioactive compounds in tea, have been suggested to have potential in the prevention of various human diseases. However, little is known about phenolics and their bioactivity in Zhangping Narcissue tea cake which is considered the most special kind of oolong tea. To unveil its bioactivity, three phenolic-enriched extracts were obtained from Zhangping Narcissue tea cake using ethyl acetate, n-butanol, and water. Their main chemical compositions and in vitro bioactivity were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS)...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
Tao Nie, Chenlu Zhang, Antian Huang, Ping Li
The high antimicrobial activity of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the most bioactive component of tea polyphenol with a number of health benefits, is well-known. However, little is known about the mechanism involved. Here, we discovered the relationship between reactive oxygen species (ROS), the Cpx system, and EGCG-mediated cell death. We first found an increase in ampicillin resistance as well as the transcription level of a LD-transpeptidase (LD-TPase) involved in cell wall synthesis; ycbB transcription was upregulated whereas that of another LD-TPase, ynhG , appeared to be constant after a short exposure of Escherichia coli to sub-inhibitory doses of EGCG...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Wojciech Koch, Wirginia Kukula-Koch, Łukasz Komsta
A comprehensive study on the composition and antioxidant properties of black tea samples with a chemometric approach was performed via LC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS, DPPH radical scavenging assay, and Folin-Ciocalteu assay (TPC). Marked differences between the teas from seven different countries (China, India, Iran, Japan, Kenya, Nepal, Sri Lanka) were shown. The Indian samples demonstrated the highest total catechin content (184.8 mg/100 mL), the largest TPC and DPPH scavenging potential (58.2 mg/100 mL and 84.5%, respectively)...
February 26, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Harald Peter Hoensch, Benno Weigmann
Flavonoids are phytochemicals which can regulate the activity of the intestinal immune system. In patients with chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) there is an overexpression and imbalance of the components of the inflammatory immune reactions which are chronically activated. Suppression of inflammation can be achieved by anti-inflammatory drugs which are used in clinical medicine but these can cause serious side effects. Flavonoids can have natural immunosuppressive properties and inhibit the activation of immune cells and its effectors (chemokines, TNF-, cytokines)...
February 28, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Asako Narai-Kanayama, Kosuke Saruwatari, Natsumi Mori, Tsutomu Nakayama
Black tea is a highly popular beverage, and its pigments, polymerized catechins such as theaflavins (TFs), are attracting attention due to their beneficial health effects. In this study, to test the inhibitory activities of TFs on the intestinal absorption of cholesterol, we investigated their effects on phosphatidylcholine (PC) vesicles in the absence or presence of a bile salt. (-)-Epicatechin gallate, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate, and TFs formed insoluble complexes with PC vesicles. Galloylated TFs such as TF2A, TF2B, and TF3 precipitated far more than other polyphenols...
March 2018: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Pan-Pan Liu, Jun-Feng Yin, Gen-Sheng Chen, Fang Wang, Yong-Quan Xu
Flavor characteristics and chemical compositions of Tieguanyin oolong tea processed using different semi-fermentation times were investigated. Six flavor attributes of the teas, namely, astringency, bitterness, umami, sweet aftertaste, floral flavor, and green fruity flavor, were analysed. With extended semi-fermentation time, the taste intensity of sweet aftertaste increased, and the aroma intensity of floral and green fruity flavors increased, while the intensities of astringency, bitterness, and umami showed no clear trend...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Ikumi Sguiyama, Kunihiro Kaihatsu, Yukako Soma, Nobuo Kato, Yasuyuki Sadzuka
This study sought to evaluate the antitumor effects of and elucidate the mechanisms underlying (-)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) and polyethyleneglycol (PEG)-modified liposomes. EGCG functions as a target ligand of the 67-kDa laminin receptor (67LR), which is expressed on high-grade tumor cells. An EGCG derivative was synthesized for binding to the end of PEG. Doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded EGCG-PEG-modified liposome (EPL) significantly decreased tumor size in mice bearing high 67LR-high-expressing tumors. Caspase-3 activity, which indicates induction of apoptosis, was also elevated only in the EPL group...
February 24, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
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