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Bariatric or Bariatrics or Bariatric Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053709/changes-in-utilization-and-peri-operative-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-large-u-s-hospital-database-2011-2014
#1
Lu Zhang, John Scott, Lu Shi, Khoa Truong, Qingwei Hu, Joseph A Ewing, Liwei Chen
BACKGROUND: With the epidemic of morbid obesity, bariatric surgery has been accepted as one of the most effective treatments of obesity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate recent changes in the utilization of bariatric surgery, patients and hospital characteristics, and in-hospital complications in a nationwide hospital database in the United States. SETTING: This is a secondary data analysis of the Premier Perspective database. METHODS: ICD-9 codes were used to identify bariatric surgeries performed between 2011 and 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053203/preoperative-weight-loss-with-glp-1-receptor-agonist-treatment-predicts-greater-weight-loss-achieved-by-the-combination-of-medical-weight-management-and-bariatric-surgery-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-longitudinal-analysis
#2
Tien Tang, Sally Abbott, Carel W le Roux, Violet Wilson, Rishi Singhal, Srikanth Bellary, Abd Tahrani
We examined the relationship between weight changes following preoperative glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) and weight changes from the start of medical weight management (MWM) till 12 months after bariatric surgery in patients with Type 2 diabetes in a retrospective cohort study. Forty-five patients (64.4% women, median age 49 (IQR 45-60) years) were included. The median weight loss from start of MWM until 12 months post-surgery was 17.9% (13.0%-29.3%). GLP-1 RA during MWM resulted in 5...
October 20, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052603/response-to-about-bariatric-surgery-and-diabetic-retinopathy-the-debate-continues
#3
Y Chen, J P Laybourne, M T Sandinha, N M W de Alwis, P Avery, D H Steel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052153/food-for-thought-reward-mechanisms-and-hedonic-overeating-in-obesity
#4
REVIEW
Phong Ching Lee, John B Dixon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the food addiction model and the role of food hedonic pathways in the pathogenesis and treatment of obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: The hedonic pathway interacts with the obesogenic environment to override homeostatic mechanisms to cause increase in body weight. Weight gain sustained over time leads to "upward setting" of defended level of body-fat mass. There are neurobiological and phenotypic similarities and differences between hedonic pathways triggered by food compared with other addictive substances, and the entity of food addiction remains controversial...
October 19, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052063/endoscopic-treatment-of-leaks-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-using-mega-esophageal-covered-stents
#5
Tomasz Klimczak, Jerzy Klimczak, Tomasz Szewczyk, Przemysław Janczak, Piotr Jurałowicz
BACKGROUND: Sleeve gastrectomy has become one of the main bariatric procedures over the last few years. This can be explained by the relative simplicity and high effectiveness of this method. Yet, it causes complications as any other method. Staple line leaks are the most frequent ones. According to different sources, this complication may occur with 0-7% frequency. Until 2013, surgery was the only effective treatment method for this complication. However, reoperations considerably increased treatment cost and patient morbidity...
October 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051043/lysyl-oxidase-and-adipose-tissue-dysfunction
#6
Emilie Pastel, Emily Price, Kajsa Sjöholm, Laura J McCulloch, Nikolaj Rittig, Neil Liversedge, Bridget Knight, Niels Moller, Per-Arne Svensson, Katarina Kos
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Lysyl oxidase (LOX) is an enzyme crucial for collagen fibre crosslinking and thus for fibrosis development. Fibrosis is characterised by a surplus of collagen fibre accumulation and is amongst others also a feature of obesity-associated dysfunctional adipose tissue (AT) which has been linked with type 2 diabetes. We hypothesised that in type 2 diabetes and obesity LOX expression and activity will be increased as a consequence of worsening AT dysfunction. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive characterisation of LOX in human AT...
October 16, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047049/comparison-of-imaging-modalities-for-detecting-complications-in-bariatric-surgery
#7
Sergio Susmallian, Eduard Folb, Royi Barnea, Asnat Raziel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the results of routine fluoroscopic swallowing study (FSS) imaging 24 h after surgery and computed tomography (CT) on demand based on clinical data, in diagnosing complications after bariatric surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This retrospective study includes 9386 patients that underwent bariatric surgery. A total of 3241 (34.53%) patients underwent FSS imaging following the surgical procedure, and 106 (1.13%) patients underwent CT...
October 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047047/impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-outcomes-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-nationwide-inpatient-sample-analysis-2004-2014
#8
Prabin Sharma, Thomas R McCarty, Basile Njei
PURPOSE: There is a paucity of data regarding the benefits of bariatric surgery in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the role of bariatric surgery on clinical outcomes among hospitalized patients with IBD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The United States (US) National Inpatient Sample database was queried between 2004 and 2014 for discharges with co-diagnoses of morbid obesity and IBD. Hospitalizations with a history of prior-bariatric surgery were also identified...
October 18, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044970/ethnic-disparities-in-rates-of-publicly-funded-bariatric-surgery-in-new-zealand-2009-2014
#9
Jamie-Lee Rahiri, Mel Lauti, Matire Harwood, Andrew D MacCormick, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: Publicly funded bariatric surgery in New Zealand (NZ) is steadily on the rise to meet the obesity epidemic. Ethnic disparities in obesity rates exist in NZ with Māori and Pacific people having three to five times higher rates than all other ethnic groups within NZ. Ethnic disparities in rates of bariatric surgery have been reported internationally. This research sought to describe rates of publically funded bariatric surgery by self-identified ethnicity in NZ. METHODS: Using reported census and hospitalization discharge data from Statistics NZ and the NZ Ministry of Health, we calculated estimate rates of publicly funded bariatric surgery in the morbidly obese population from June 2009 to July 2014...
October 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044303/immediate-postoperative-of-bariatric-surgery-in-the-intensive-care-unit-versus-an-inpatient-unit-a-retrospective-study-with-828-patients
#10
Guilherme Loures de Araújo Penna, Igor Pedreira Vaz, Eduardo Côrtes Fonseca, Marcelo Kalichsztein, Gustavo Freitas Nobre
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of complications and the duration of hospitalization of patients undergoing bariatric surgery admitted to the intensive care unit or a post-surgical hospitalization unit. METHODS: This retrospective observational study included 828 patients admitted between January 2010 and February 2015 during the immediate postoperative period of bariatric surgery in a hospital. Data were collected via electronic medical records. The Mann-Whitney test was used to compare continuous variables, and the chi-square was used to compare categorical variables...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043548/comparison-of-short-term-effectiveness-and-postoperative-complications-laparoscopic-gastric-plication-vs-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#11
Mohammad Talebpour, Donya Sadid, Atieh Talebpour, Amirsina Sharifi, Farzad Vaghef Davari
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgeries are the only effective long-term treatment in obese patients. The innovation of laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP) raised some questions about its effectiveness compared to traditionally used techniques such as laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). We tried to answer some of these questions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated 70 patients in a randomized clinical trial (IRCT2013123012294N5) from 2012 to 2015. Thirty-five patients were randomly assigned to each LSG or LGP group, using sealed envelope method...
October 17, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043547/age-related-effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-early-atherosclerosis-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction
#12
Frederik H W Jonker, Vera A A van Houten, Leontine H Wijngaarden, René A Klaassen, André A E A de Smet, André Niezen, Lodewijk J D M Schelfhout, Tobias A Bruning, Erwin van der Harst
BACKGROUND: Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is increasingly used as a prognostic indicator for early atherosclerosis and the development of cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study is to assess the exact effects of bariatric surgery on CIMT reduction in different age groups. METHODS: CIMT was measured just proximal to the bifurcation of the carotid artery in 166 patients with mean body mass index of 43.4 kg/m(2) before and at 6 and 12 months after bariatric surgery...
October 17, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042804/weight-loss-medications-in-canada-a-new-frontier-or-a-repeat-of-past-mistakes
#13
Sean Wharton, Jasmine Lee, Rebecca Ag Christensen
Current methods for the treatment of excess weight can involve healthy behavior changes, pharmacotherapy, and surgical interventions. Many individuals are able to lose some degree of weight through behavioral changes; however, they are often unable to maintain their weight loss long-term. This is in part due to physiological processes that cannot be addressed through behavioral changes alone. Bariatric surgery, which is the most successful treatment for excess weight to date, does result in physiological changes that can help with weight loss and weight maintenance...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042391/korean-obesity-surgical-treatment-study-kobess-protocol-of-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study-on-obese-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-and-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#14
Young Suk Park, Do Joong Park, Joo Ho Lee, Hyuk-Joon Lee, Tae Kyung Ha, Yong-Jin Kim, Seung-Wan Ryu, Sang-Moon Han, Moon-Won Yoo, Sungsoo Park, Sang-Uk Han, Yoonseok Heo
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery effectively induces long-term weight loss in Western populations. However, its effectiveness in Asians remains to be confirmed objectively. The Korean Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery proposes the first prospective cohort study on Koreans undergoing bariatric surgery. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The Korean OBEsity Surgical treatment Study (KOBESS) is a prospective, multicentre, single-arm, observational, cohort study on morbidly obese patients who undergo primary sleeve gastrectomy or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in Korea...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040429/the-role-of-glp-1-in-the-metabolic-success-bariatric-surgery
#15
Chelsea R Hutch, Darleen Sandoval
Two of the most popular bariatric procedures, vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), are commonly considered 'metabolic surgeries' because they are thought to impact metabolism in a weight loss-independent manner. In support of this, improvements in glucose homeostasis, insulin sensitivity, and even discontinuation of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) medication can occur before substantial postoperative weight loss. The mechanisms that underlie this effect are unknown. However, one of the common findings after VSG and RYGB in both animal models and in humans is the sharp postprandial rise in several gut peptides, including the incretin and satiety peptide, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)...
October 9, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040424/body-contouring-surgery-and-the-maintenance-of-weight-loss-following-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-retrospective-study
#16
Oliver J Smith, Nadine Hachach-Haram, Max Greenfield, Nicki Bystrzonowski, Andrea Pucci, Rachel L Batterham, Majid Hashemi, Afshin Mosahebi
Background: Bariatric surgery leads to significant weight loss with reduced morbidity and mortality. However, excess skin as a consequence of weight loss represents a major problem, impacting upon patient's functionality with potential negative effects on weight loss. Objectives: We evaluated the effect of body-contouring surgery on weight-loss maintenance following bariatric surgery. Methods: We undertook a retrospective analysis of patients undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) +/- body-contouring surgery (BC)...
October 4, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039053/health-care-institutions-volume-is-significantly-associated-with-postoperative-outcomes-in-bariatric-surgery
#17
Laurent Brunaud, Stephanie Polazzi, Jean-Christophe Lifante, Lea Pascal, David Nocca, Antoine Duclos
PURPOSE: The volume of bariatric surgery has significantly increased over the past decade with concomitant postoperative outcomes improvement. The goal of this nationwide study was to estimate the volume-outcome relationship in bariatric surgery at the hospital level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of all patients who underwent bariatric surgery procedure in France from January 2011 to December 2014 was designed. Volume-outcome relationship was analyzed using generalized estimating equations...
October 16, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039052/effect-of-bariatric-surgery-on-thyroid-function-in-obese-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Bingsheng Guan, YanYa Chen, Jingge Yang, Wah Yang, Cunchuan Wang
We aimed to make a meta-analysis regarding the effect of bariatric surgery on thyroid function in obese patients. PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, and four Chinese databases were searched for clinical studies. Data were pooled using Review Manager 5.3, and subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed if necessary and feasible. As a result, 24 articles were included into meta-analysis. Bariatric surgery was associated with significant decrease in TSH, FT3, and T3 levels. However, FT4, T4, and rT3 levels were not significantly changed postoperatively...
October 16, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037315/prevalence-of-fibromyalgia-in-patients-treated-at-the-bariatric-surgery-outpatient-clinic-of-hospital-de-cl%C3%A3-nicas-do-paran%C3%A3-curitiba
#19
Deborah Negrão Gonçalo Dias, Márcia Alessandra Arantes Marques, Solange C Bettini, Eduardo Dos Santos Paiva
INTRODUCTION: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a chronic pain syndrome characterized by generalized pain. It is known that obese patients have more skeletal muscle pain and physical dysfunction than normal weight patients. Therefore, it is important that the early diagnosis of FM be attained in obese patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of FM in a group of obese patients with indication of bariatric surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patients were recruited from the Bariatric Surgery outpatient clinic of Hospital de Clínicas of UFPR (HC-UFPR) before being submitted to surgery...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035973/the-relevance-of-dietary-protein-after-bariatric-surgery-what-do-we-know
#20
Nele Steenackers, Ina Gesquiere, Christophe Matthys
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The growing obesity epidemic is associated with an increased demand for bariatric surgery with Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass and Sleeve Gastrectomy as the most widely performed procedures. Despite beneficial consequences, nutritional complications may arise because of anatomical and physiological changes of the gastrointestinal tract. The purpose of this review is to provide an update of the recent additions to our understanding of the impact of bariatric surgery on the intake, digestion and absorption of dietary protein...
October 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
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