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Magnesium AND diabetes

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165404/benefits-of-nut-consumption-on-insulin-resistance-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-multiple-potential-mechanisms-of-actions
#1
REVIEW
Yoona Kim, Jennifer B Keogh, Peter M Clifton
Epidemiological and clinical studies have indicated that nut consumption could be a healthy dietary strategy to prevent and treat type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and related cardiovascular disease (CVD). The objective of this review is to examine the potential mechanisms of action of nuts addressing effects on glycemic control, weight management, energy balance, appetite, gut microbiota modification, lipid metabolism, oxidative stress, inflammation, endothelial function and blood pressure with a focus on data from both animal and human studies...
November 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145756/micronutrients-and-natural-compounds-status-and-their-effects-on-wound-healing-in-the-diabetic-foot-ulcer
#2
Kanokwan Kulprachakarn, Sakaewan Ounjaijean, Jukkrit Wungrath, Raj Mani, Kittipan Rerkasem
The diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is an invariably common complication of diabetes mellitus, it is also a significant cause of amputation as well as extended hospitalization. As most patients with DFU suffer from malnutrition, which has been related to improper metabolic micronutrients status, alterations can affect impaired wound healing process. Micronutrients and herbal remedies applications present a wide range of health advantages to patients with DFU. The purpose of this review is to provide current evidence on the potential effect of dietary supplementations such as vitamins A, C, D, E, magnesium, zinc, copper, iron, boron, and such naturally occurring compounds as Aloe vera, Naringin, and Radix Astragali (RA) and Radix Rehmanniae (RR) in the administration of lower extremity wounds, especially in DFU, and to present some insights for applications in the treatment of DFU patients in the future...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Lower Extremity Wounds
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142975/sclerostin%C3%A2-a-debutant-on-the-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-scene
#3
Magdalena Jankowska, Mathias Haarhaus, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Bengt Lindholm, Pieter Evenepoel, Peter Stenvinkel
Introduction: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a genetic disease originating from a mutation in genes encoding polycystin 1 and 2. Recent evidence suggests that these polycystins mediate mechanosensation not only in the primary cilium of kidney cells but also in bone cells. The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays a central role in mechanotransduction in osteocytes. Mechanical unloading causes the upregulation of the Wnt inhibitor sclerostin. We tested the hypothesis that ADPKD associates with higher circulating sclerostin levels...
May 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142574/frequency-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-nephropathic-patients-and-comparison-of-mean-magnesium-levels-in-nephropathic-patients-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Mariam Azeem, Adil Iqbal, Nasir Farooq Butt, Fawad Ahmad Randhawa, Uzma Malik
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in patients with nephropathy (i.e. Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 1 to 3) and to compare the mean magnesium levels in diabetic nephropathic patients and non-diabetic nephropathic patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in department of Medicine, Mayo Hospital Lahore from August 2014 to February 2015. Using non-probability purposive sampling 200 nephropathic (Chronic Kidney Disease Stage 1 to 3) patients were selected...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136770/magnesium-valproate-ameliorates-type-1-diabetes-and-cardiomyopathy-in-diabetic-rats-through-estrogen-receptors
#5
Samir Rabadiya, Shradhha Bhadada, Ashvin Dudhrejiya, Devendra Vaishnav, Bhoomika Patel
Estrogen is known to exhibit cardioprotective and antihyperlipidemic action. Valproic acid has been shown to upregulate estrogen receptors (ERs) in breast and prostate cancer tissues. No pharmacological evaluations for magnesium valproate (MgV) so far have been done for diabetic cadio-lipidemic complications. Based on the above context, current study was undertaken to evaluate the therapeutic effectiveness of MgV in cardiac complications associated with type-1 diabetes mellitus in rats wherein diabetes was induced by single tail vein injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 45mg/kg, IV) in female Sprague Dawley rats and treatment of MgV (210mg/kg, PO) was given for eight weeks to diabetic animals, after which, various biochemical and cardiac biomarkers, hypertrophic, hemodynamic and histological parameters along with immunohistochemistry of ERs in the left ventricle (LV) were estimated...
November 7, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122714/diethanolamine-modified-pectin-based-core-shell-composites-as-dual-working-gastroretentive-drug-cargo
#6
Hriday Bera, Sanoj Kumar
The current study aimed at developing diethonolamine-modified high-methoxyl pectin (DMP)-alginate (ALG) based core-shell composites for controlled intragastric delivery of metformin HCl (MFM) by combined approach of floating and bioadhesion. DMP with degree of amidation of 48.72% was initially accomplished and characterized by FTIR, DSC and XRD analyses. MFM-loaded core matrices were then fabricated by ionotropic gelation technique employing zinc acetate as cross-linker. The core matrices were further coated by fenugreek gum (FG)-ALG gel membrane via diffusion-controlled interfacial complexation method...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109962/micronutrient-intake-in-a-cohort-of-italian-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations
#7
Marisa Giorgini, Marilena Vitale, Lutgarda Bozzetto, Ornella Ciano, Angela Giacco, Anna Rivieccio, Ilaria Calabrese, Gabriele Riccardi, Angela A Rivellese, Giovanni Annuzzi
Micronutrients are of fundamental importance in maintaining health status. However, data on their dietary intake are few particularly in persons with diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) attending a tertiary-level diabetes center in Southern Italy the intake of micronutrients (both vitamins and minerals) and the adherence to recommendations. Seven-day food records of 60 T1DM patients were analyzed. Micronutrient intake was evaluated based on the Italian food composition tables and expressed as amount per 1000 kcal of energy intake to adjust for possible underreporting...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093983/the-importance-of-magnesium-in-clinical-healthcare
#8
REVIEW
Gerry K Schwalfenberg, Stephen J Genuis
The scientific literature provides extensive evidence of widespread magnesium deficiency and the potential need for magnesium repletion in diverse medical conditions. Magnesium is an essential element required as a cofactor for over 300 enzymatic reactions and is thus necessary for the biochemical functioning of numerous metabolic pathways. Inadequate magnesium status may impair biochemical processes dependent on sufficiency of this element. Emerging evidence confirms that nearly two-thirds of the population in the western world is not achieving the recommended daily allowance for magnesium, a deficiency problem contributing to various health conditions...
2017: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061124/dapagliflozin-acutely-improves-endothelial-dysfunction-reduces-aortic-stiffness-and-renal-resistive-index-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-pilot-study
#9
Anna Solini, Livia Giannini, Marta Seghieri, Edoardo Vitolo, Stefano Taddei, Lorenzo Ghiadoni, Rosa Maria Bruno
BACKGROUND: Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors reduce blood pressure (BP) and renal and cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes through not fully elucidated mechanisms. Aim of this study was to investigate whether dapagliflozin is able to acutely modify systemic and renal vascular function, as well as putative mechanisms. METHODS: Neuro-hormonal and vascular variables, together with 24 h diuresis, urinary sodium, glucose, isoprostanes and free-water clearance were assessed before and after a 2-day treatment with dapagliflozin 10 mg QD in sixteen type 2 diabetic patients; data were compared with those obtained in ten patients treated with hydrochlorothiazide 12...
October 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Diabetology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059403/incidence-of-hyperglycemia-and-diabetes-and-association-with-electrolyte-abnormalities-in-pediatric-solid-organ-transplant-recipients
#10
Rahul Chanchlani, Sang Joseph Kim, Esther D Kim, Tonny Banh, Karlota Borges, Jovanka Vasilevska-Ristovska, Yanhong Li, Vicky Ng, Anne I Dipchand, Melinda Solomon, Diane Hebert, Rulan S Parekh
Background: Posttransplant hyperglycemia is an important predictor of new-onset diabetes after transplantation, and both are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Precise estimates of posttransplant hyperglycemia and diabetes in children are unknown. Low magnesium and potassium levels may also lead to diabetes after transplantation, with limited evidence in children. Methods: We conducted a cohort study of 451 pediatric solid organ transplant recipients to determine the incidence of hyperglycemia and diabetes, and the association of cations with both endpoints...
September 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029608/association-of-trace-metal-elements-with-lipid-profiles-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Amare Desalegn Wolide, Belay Zawdie, Tilahun Alemayehu, Samuel Tadesse
BACKGROUND: It is well known that dyslipidemia and chronic hyperglycemia increase the onset of diabetes and diabetic complication. The aim of this study is to see the association of trace metals elements and lipid profile among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. METHODS: The study was conducted on 214 type 2 diabetic patients at Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Jimma, Ethiopia. All the eligible study participants responded to the structured interviewer administered questionnaire and fasting venous blood was drawn for biochemical analysis...
October 13, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022212/effect-of-food-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-saroglitazar-magnesium-a-novel-dual-ppar%C3%AE-%C3%AE-agonist-in-healthy-adult-subjects
#12
Maulik R Patel, Kevinkumar A Kansagra, Devang P Parikh, Deven V Parmar, Hardik B Patel, Mayur M Soni, Uday S Patil, Harilal V Patel, Jaimik A Patel, Swagat S Gujarathi, Krupi V Parmar, Nuggehally R Srinivas
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) have recently become a focus of interest for their important roles in glucose and lipid metabolism. In humans, PPARα activation causes a decrease in plasma triglyceride (TG) levels, enhancement of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and simultaneous enhancement of very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) lipolysis, whereas PPARγ agonists act as insulin sensitizers and improve insulin resistance, which is very useful in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Drug Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017162/patiromer-lowers-serum-potassium-when-taken-without-food-comparison-to-dosing-with-food-from-an-open-label-randomized-parallel-group-hyperkalemia-study
#13
Pablo E Pergola, David M Spiegel, Suzette Warren, Jinwei Yuan, Matthew R Weir
BACKGROUND: Patiromer is a sodium-free, nonabsorbed, potassium binder approved for treatment of hyperkalemia. This open-label study compares the efficacy and safety of patiromer administered without food versus with food. METHODS: Adults with hyperkalemia (potassium ≥5.0 mEq/L) were randomized (1:1) to receive patiromer once daily without food or with food for 4 weeks. The dosage was adjusted (maximum: 25.2 g/day) using a prespecified titration schedule to achieve and maintain potassium within a target range (3...
2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993757/painful-and-prolonged-muscle-cramps-following-insulin-injections-in-a-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-revisiting-the-1992-duke-case
#14
Rami A Ballout, Asma Arabi
A 56-year-old middle-eastern male with a long-standing history of poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus presented to us complaining of severely painful bilateral upper and lower extremity cramps occurring shortly after his rapid-acting insulin analog injection(s). The cramps had started 6 months ago and have been occurring intermittently in non-predictable episodes since then. He had otherwise never experienced any insulin-related adverse reaction(s) before. His cramps are very painful and debilitating, interfering with his daily activities and placing him in a state of constant fear/anxiety of re-experiencing them...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986547/association-of-plasma-magnesium-with-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-adults
#15
Sijing Chen, Xiaoling Jin, Jun Liu, Taoping Sun, Manling Xie, Wei Bao, Xuefeng Yu, Xuefeng Yang, Yan Zhang, Haibo Zhang, Zhilei Shan, Liegang Liu
Our study aimed to assess the associations of plasma magnesium with prediabetes and type 2 diabetes (T2D) among Chinese adults. We conducted a case-control analysis of 4447 participants: 867 newly diagnosed prediabetes patients, 1475 newly diagnosed T2D patients and 2105 normal glucose tolerance (NGT) individuals. In a subsample of 599 apparently healthy individuals, we measured plasma hs-CRP levels to examine their relation to plasma magnesium. Plasma magnesium and hs-CRP were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively...
October 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978672/magnesium-intake-quality-of-carbohydrates-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-results-from-three-u-s-cohorts
#16
Adela Hruby, Marta Guasch-Ferré, Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, JoAnn E Manson, Walter C Willett, Nicola M McKeown, Frank B Hu
OBJECTIVE: Magnesium intake is inversely associated with risk of type 2 diabetes in many observational studies, but few have assessed this association in the context of the carbohydrate quality of the diet. We hypothesized that higher magnesium intake is associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes, especially in the context of a poor-carbohydrate-quality diet characterized by low cereal fiber or high glycemic index (GI) or glycemic load (GL). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In the Nurses' Health Study (NHS; 1984-2012, n = 69,176), NHS2 (1991-2013, n = 91,471), and the Health Professionals' Follow-Up Study (1986-2012, n = 42,096), dietary intake was assessed from food frequency questionnaires every 4 years...
October 4, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927411/circulating-magnesium-levels-and-incidence-of-coronary-heart-diseases-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#17
REVIEW
Jiang Wu, Pengcheng Xun, Qingya Tang, Wei Cai, Ka He
BACKGROUND: Data on the associations between circulating magnesium (Mg) levels and incidence of coronary heart diseases (CHD), hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are inconsistent and inconclusive. The aim of this study was to examine circulating Mg levels in relation to incidence of CHD, hypertension, and T2DM. METHODS: Prospective cohort studies published before May 2017 were searched through PubMed, EmBase, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar. A total of 11 studies that reported multivariable-adjusted associations of interest were identified...
September 19, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927245/calcium-homeostasis-in-diabetes-mellitus
#18
REVIEW
Changhwan Ahn, Ji-Houn Kang, Eui-Bae Jeung
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is becoming a lifestyle-related pandemic disease. Diabetic patients frequently develop electrolyte disorders, especially diabetic ketoacidosis or nonketotic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome. Such patients show characteristic potassium, magnesium, phosphate, and calcium depletion. In this review, we discuss a homeostatic mechanism that links calcium and DM. We also provide a synthesis of the evidence in favor or against this linking mechanism by presenting recent clinical indications, mainly from veterinary research...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904937/effect-of-magnesium-supplement-on-pregnancy-outcomes-a-randomized-control-trial
#19
Elaheh Zarean, Amal Tarjan
BACKGROUND: Magnesium (Mg) is an essential mineral required to regulate body temperature, nucleic acid, and protein synthesis with an important role in maintaining nerve and muscle cell electrical potentials. It may reduce fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia as well as increase birth weight. This study aimed to assess the effects of consuming Mg supplementation during pregnancy on pregnancy outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial with three sixty populated groups of pregnant women...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886192/influence-of-weight-status-on-24-hour-urine-composition-in-adults-without-urolithiasis-a-nationwide-study-based-on-a-chinese-han-population
#20
Tuo Deng, Zanlin Mai, Chao Cai, Xiaolu Duan, Wei Zhu, Tao Zhang, Wenqi Wu, Guohua Zeng
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to explore the influence of different body weight statuses on 24-hour urine compositions in adults without urolithiasis based on a nationwide study of a Chinese Han population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four-hour urine samples from 584 Chinese Han adults without urolithiasis in six cities were analyzed. The participants were divided into four body weight status types according to their body mass indices (BMIs) according to WHO guidelines...
2017: PloS One
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