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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101151/effect-of-general-anesthesia-on-serum-%C3%AE-amyloid-protein-and-regional-cerebral-oxygen-saturation-of-elderly-patients-after-subtotal-gastrectomy
#1
Peng Yu, Hua Wang, Lei Mu, Xuemei Ding, Wei Ding
The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of general anesthesia on serum β-amyloid protein (Aβ) and regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) of elderly patients after subtotal gastrectomy. From June, 2014 to December, 2015, among 168 patients undergoing subtotal gastrectomy, the Mini-Mental State Examination and Montreal Cognitive Assessment was administered the day prior to surgery and the second and ninth days after the operation. In addition, we administered the tests to 168 healthy adult volunteers (healthy controls) who were treated in our hospital medical center in the same period...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100527/transnasal-humidified-rapid-insufflation-ventilatory-exchange-thrive-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
S Humphreys, P Lee-Archer, G Reyne, D Long, T Williams, A Schibler
BACKGROUND: Transnasal humidified rapid-insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) was introduced to adult anaesthesia to improve the safety of airway management during apnoea before intubation. The objective of our study was to determine whether THRIVE safely prolongs apnoeic oxygenation in children. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial in 48 healthy children, with normal airways and cardiorespiratory function, in age groups 0-6 and 7-24 months, 2-5 and 6-10 yr old, presenting for elective surgery or imaging under general anaesthesia...
February 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100054/efficacy-of-silver-hydrophilic-poly-p-xylylene-on-preventing-bacterial-growth-and-biofilm-formation-in-urinary-catheters
#3
Hamideh Heidari Zare, Viktorija Juhart, Attila Vass, Gerhard Franz, Dieter Jocham
Catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI), caused by several strains of bacteria, are a common complication for catheterized patients. This may eventually lead to a blockage of the catheter due to the formation of a crystalline or amorphous biofilm. Inhibiting bacteria should result in a longer application time free of complaints. This issue has been investigated using an innovative type of silver-coated catheter with a semipermeable cap layer to prevent CAUTI. In this work, two different types of silver catheters were investigated, both of which were capped with poly(p-xylylene) (PPX-N) and exhibited different surface properties that completely changed their wetting conduct with water...
January 18, 2017: Biointerphases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099981/use-of-esophageal-hemoximetry-to-assess-the-effect-of-packed-red-blood-cell-transfusion-on-gastrointestinal-oxygenation-in-newborn-infants
#4
Farha M Vora, Judy Gates, Kimberley Gerard, Shawn Hanson, Richard L Applegate, Arlin B Blood
Objectives There are no widely accepted methods of continuously monitoring gut oxygenation in the newborn during packed red blood cell transfusion. We investigated the use of an orally inserted light spectroscopy probe to measure lower esophageal oxyhemoglobin saturations (eStO2) before, during, and after transfusion and made comparisons with abdominal near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) flow. Study Design Thirteen neonates with corrected gestational ages ranging from 22 weeks, 0 day to 37 weeks, 5 days were enrolled...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099965/pilot-test-of-a-new-personal-health-system-integrating-environmental-and-wearable-sensors-for-telemonitoring-and-care-of-elderly-people-at-home-smarta-project
#5
Lucia Pigini, Gabriele Bovi, Claudia Panzarino, Valerio Gower, Maurizio Ferratini, Giuseppe Andreoni, Roberto Sassi, Massimo W Rivolta, Maurizio Ferrarin
BACKGROUND: The increase in life expectancy is accompanied by a growing number of elderly subjects affected by chronic comorbidities, a health issue which also implies important socioeconomic consequences. Shifting from hospital or community dwelling care towards a home personalized healthcare paradigm would promote active aging with a better quality of life, along with a reduction in healthcare-related costs. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the SMARTA project was to develop and test an innovative personal health system integrating standard sensors as well as innovative wearable and environmental sensors to allow home telemonitoring of vital parameters and detection of anomalies in daily activities, thus supporting active aging through remote healthcare...
January 19, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099693/factors-associated-with-maternal-mortality-among-patients-meeting-criteria-of-severe-maternal-morbidity-and-near-miss
#6
Hesly M P Lima, Francisco Herlânio C Carvalho, Francisco Edson L Feitosa, George C Nunes
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate factors associated with maternal death among women experiencing life-threatening conditions during pregnancy, childbirth, or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy. METHODS: A secondary analysis of data prospectively collected in a Brazilian multicenter cross-sectional study between July 2009 and June 2010 was conducted. Women were identified who delivered at a hospital in Ceará and who had potentially life-threatening conditions. Stepwise logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with maternal death...
December 7, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099641/sepsis-related-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-children-with-cancer-the-respiratory-dynamics-of-a-devastating-condition
#7
Rodrigo Genaro Arduini, Orlei Ribeiro de Araujo, Dafne Cardoso Bourguignon da Silva, Andreza Almeida Senerchia, Antonio Sergio Petrilli
Objective: To evaluate the clinical course and respiratory parameters of mechanically ventilated children with cancer suffering from sepsis-related acute respiratory distress syndrome. Methods: This 2-year prospective, longitudinal, observational cohort study enrolled 29 children and adolescents. Clinical data, measurements of blood gases and ventilation parameters were collected at four different time points. Fluctuations between measurements as well as differences in estimated means were analyzed by linear mixed models in which death within 28 days from the onset of acute respiratory distress syndrome was the primary endpoint...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098714/reply-regional-oxygen-saturation-index-a-novel-criteria-for-free-flap-assessment-using-tissue-oximetry
#8
Shinsuke Akita, Nobuyuki Mitsukawa, Hideki Tokumoto, Yoshitaka Kubota, Motone Kuriyama, Yoshitaro Sasahara, Yoshihisa Yamaji, Kaneshige Satoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098713/-regional-oxygen-saturation-index-a-novel-criterion-for-free-flap-assessment-using-tissue-oximetry
#9
Yu Kagaya, Shimpei Miyamoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098692/postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-and-low-regional-cerebral-oxygen-saturation-is-this-relationship-fragile-or-fractured-altogether
#10
Hilary P Grocott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097841/oxygen-saturation-periodic-breathing-and-sleep-apnea-in-infants-aged-1-4-months-old-living-at-3200-meters-above-sea-level
#11
Santiago Ucrós, Claudia Granados, Karem Parejo, Fausto Ortega, Fernando Guillén, Sonia Restrepo, Fabián Gil, Miriam Guillén
OBJECTIVES: To describe, in infants aged 1-4 months old living at 3200 meters above sea level (MASL), oxygen saturation (SpO2), sleep apnea indices, and periodic breathing (PB) during sleep. Polysomnographies were done in 18 healthy infants. RESULTS: The median SpO2 was 87%, and the median PB was 7.2% for the total sleep time. The median central sleep apnea index was 30.5/hour, which decreased to 5.4/hour once sleep apneas associated with PB were excluded. The 5th percentile for SpO2 was 76% among awake infants, and 66% among asleep infants...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097332/effect-of-incentive-spirometry-on-postoperative-hypoxemia-and-pulmonary-complications-after-bariatric-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#12
Haddon Pantel, John Hwang, David Brams, Thomas Schnelldorfer, Dmitry Nepomnayshy
Importance: The combination of obesity and foregut surgery puts patients undergoing bariatric surgery at high risk for postoperative pulmonary complications. Postoperative incentive spirometry (IS) is a ubiquitous practice; however, little evidence exists on its effectiveness. Objective: To determine the effect of postoperative IS on hypoxemia, arterial oxygen saturation (Sao2) level, and pulmonary complications after bariatric surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: A randomized noninferiority clinical trial enrolled patients undergoing bariatric surgery from May 1, 2015, to June 30, 2016...
January 11, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096254/factors-predicting-antibiotic-prescription-and-referral-to-hospital-for-children-with-respiratory-symptoms-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-study-at-out-of-hours-services-in-primary-care
#13
Ingrid Keilegavlen Rebnord, Hogne Sandvik, Anders Batman Mjelle, Steinar Hunskaar
OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory infections and fever among children are highly prevalent in primary care. It is challenging to distinguish between viral and bacterial infections. Norway has a relatively low prescription rate of antibiotics, but it is still regarded as too high as the antimicrobial resistance is increasing. The aim of the study was to identify predictors for prescribing antibiotics or referral to hospital among children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomised controlled study...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096239/skin-to-skin-care-in-preterm-infants-receiving-respiratory-support-does-not-lead-to-physiological-instability
#14
Laila Lorenz, Jennifer A Dawson, Hannah Jones, Susan E Jacobs, Jeanie L Cheong, Susan M Donath, Peter G Davis, C Omar F Kamlin
OBJECTIVE: Providing skin-to-skin care (SSC) to preterm infants is standard practice in many neonatal intensive care units. There are conflicting reports on the stability of oxygen saturation (SpO2) during SSC, which may create a barrier to a wider implementation of SSC to infants receiving respiratory support. Regional cerebral oxygenation (rcO2) measured using near-infrared spectroscopy can serve as a surrogate parameter for cerebral oxygen delivery and consumption. We hypothesised that rcO2 during SSC would be similar to standard care in preterm infants receiving respiratory support...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096039/the-impact-of-emergency-medical-services-in-acute-heart-failure
#15
Pia Harjola, James Boyd, Tuukka Tarvasmäki, Juho Mattila, Reijo Koski, Markku Kuisma, Veli-Pekka Harjola
BACKGROUND: Real-life data on the role of emergency medical services (EMS) in acute heart failure (AHF) are scarce. Our aim was to describe prehospital treatment of AHF and to compare patients using EMS with self-presented, non-EMS patients. METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from three university hospitals in Helsinki metropolitan area between July 1, 2012 and July 31, 2013. According to the use of EMS, patients were divided into EMS and non-EMS groups...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096005/effect-of-recorded-male-lullaby-on-physiologic-response-of-neonates-in-nicu
#16
Leila Taheri, Marzieh Kargar Jahromi, Mohammad Abbasi, Mohsen Hojat
PURPOSE: Most infants in the NICU are exposed to sensory overloads and deprivations as part of their care. This study conducted to assess the effect of lullaby on physiologic response of neonates admitted to NICU. METHOD: This is a randomized double-blind intervention trial which was performed on 52 neonates in Jahrom (Iran) 2013-2014. The samples were randomly assigned into lullaby group and a control group (sampling was sequential and randomization was by lottery)...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094884/oxygen-delivery-as-a-limiting-factor-in-modelling-dicopper-ii-oxidase-reactivity
#17
Jana Gülzow, Gerald Hoerner, Peter Strauch, Anika Stritt, Elisabeth Irran, Andreas Grohmann
Ionisation of ligand-appended alkoxyl groups in mononuclear copper(II) complexes of N,O ligands L1 and L2, results in dinuclear complexes sharing symmetrical Cu2O2 cores. Mono- and binuclear complexes thus derived have been characterised with respect to molecular structure (XRD), electronic structure (UV-Vis, 1H-NMR, and EPR; density functional methods) and catalytic performance as models of catechol oxidase. The binuclear complexes with anti-ferromagnetically coupled copper(II) centres are moderately active in quinone formation from 3,5-di-tert-butyl-catechol under the established conditions of oxygen saturation, but are strongly activated when additional dioxygen is administered during catalytic turnover...
January 17, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094115/oxidative-stress-and-antioxidant-response-in-a-thermotolerant-yeast
#18
Jorge A Mejía-Barajas, Rocío Montoya-Pérez, Rafael Salgado-Garciglia, Leopoldo Aguilera-Aguirre, Christian Cortés-Rojo, Ricardo Mejía-Zepeda, Melchor Arellano-Plaza, Alfredo Saavedra-Molina
Stress tolerance is a key attribute that must be considered when using yeast cells for industrial applications. High temperature is one factor that can cause stress in yeast. High environmental temperature in particular may exert a natural selection pressure to evolve yeasts into thermotolerant strains. In the present study, three yeasts (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, MC4, and Kluyveromyces marxianus, OFF1 and SLP1) isolated from hot environments were exposed to increased temperatures and were then compared with a laboratory yeast strain...
January 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093233/changes-in-vascular-responsiveness-during-a-hyperglycemia-challenge-measured-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy-vascular-occlusion-test
#19
Rogério Nogueira Soares, Raylene A Reimer, Juan Manuel Murias
BACKGROUND: Postprandial hyperglycemia is associated with impaired vascular responsiveness. Recent studies have established the use of a near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS)-derived approach, combined with a vascular occlusion test (VOT), to examine vascular responsiveness within the microvasculature in normoglycemia. The aim of this study was to examine whether this NIRS-VOT technique could detect differences in vascular responsiveness following a hyperglycemic challenge. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fourteen young healthy individuals participated in the study...
January 13, 2017: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093005/cardiac-and-respiratory-effects-of-deep-regional-hyperthermia-using-an-8-mhz-radiofrequency-capacitive-device-on-patients-with-cancer
#20
Rieko Izukura, Hajime Imada, Nobuko Hashiguchi, Hiroyuki Sawatari, Takayuki Ohguri, Mami Miyazono, Shin Ohta, Chizuko Takakura, Keiko Yamasaki, Chie Magota, Kanae Fujita, Hiromi Kuroda, Hideki Hirata, Tomoko Ohkusa, Akiko Chishaki
PURPOSE: Hyperthermia (HT), an adjuvant therapy for variable cancers, may cause physiological changes in the patients, which may lead to cardiovascular problems. Among various HT treatments, the physiological effects of deep regional HT are still unclear. We examined the physiological alterations throughout deep regional HT to improve the HT safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one patients (age: 61±12 years) with cancer received HT in the thoracic or upper abdominal regions using an 8-MHz radiofrequency-capacitive-device for 50 min...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
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