keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

infection disease

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668141/-prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-to-tuberculosis-and-non-tuberculous-mycobacterial-infections-in-hiv-positive-patients-in-bogot%C3%A3
#1
Magda Beltrán-León, Francy Pérez-Llanos, Liliana Sánchez, Carlos Parra-López, Myriam Navarrete, Ricardo Sánchez, Carlos Awad, Ana María Granada, Edgardo Quintero, Óscar Briceño, Óscar Cruz, Martha Isabel Murcia
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculosis is one of the most widely distributed infectious diseases worldwide. It is the most common cause of mortality among AIDS patients. In Colombia, 12,918 tuberculosis cases were notified, and 926 deaths were reported in 2015. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated to mycobacterial infections in HIVpositive patients in two public hospitals from Bogotá. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective and descriptive study was carried out by an active search for tuberculosis cases and non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections in HIV-positive patients...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668140/-standardization-of-a-multiplex-real-time-pcr-test-for-the-identification-of-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-a-costaricensis-and-a-vasorum
#2
Rubén E Varela-M, Jinney Stefany Arias, Luz Elena Velásquez
INTRODUCTION: Angiostrongyliasis is a disease caused by Angiostrongylus nematodes that is present worldwide. The infections with the highest impact on human and animal health are caused by A. cantonensis, A. costaricensis, and A. vasorum. Clinical forms of the disease in humans are eosinophilic meningitis and abdominal angiostrongyliasis, while the most common effect on dogs are cardiopulmonary damages. It is deemed as an emerging disease as the result of the global dissemination of the African snail Lissachatina fulica, an intermediary host of these parasites...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668134/-anti-trypanosoma-cruzi-antibodies-in-latin-american-migrants-in-transit-through-the-m%C3%A3-xico-usa-border
#3
Laura Mayela Montes-Rincón, Lucio Galaviz-Silva, Zinnia Judith Molina-Garza
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, American trypanosomiasis has become an emergent public health problem in countries receiving migrant populations such as México, USA, Canada or those in Europe. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in Latin American migrants on their way to USA and Canada by means of serological techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: ELISA and IHA were performed to detect anti-T. cruzi antibodies...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668129/-tuberculosis-in-the-era-of-anti-tnf-alpha-therapy-why-does-the-risk-still-exist
#4
John-Leonardo Torres-Castiblanco, Jorge Alberto Carrillo, Daniel Hincapié-Urrego, Adriana Rojas-Villarraga
Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune systemic disease characterized mainly by inflammatory compromise of diarthrodial joints. Multiple drug therapies have been developed to control the activity of rheumatoid arthritis, among them, the first line of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD), and novel drug therapies such as the anti-TNF alpha therapy, with satisfactory clinical outcomes.Despite this positive fact, the use of this therapy implies the risk of producing negative effects due to its mechanism of action, which has been associated with multiple infections, especially tuberculosis, making it necessary to use screen tests before resorting to this kind of drugs...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668128/tuberculosis-associated-with-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-antagonists-case-description-and-analysis-of-reported-cases-in-colombia
#5
Leandro Galvis, Ángel Y Sánchez, Leonardo F Jurado, Martha I Murcia
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is an important fundamental cytokine during the immune response against cancer and infections such as tuberculosis. This molecule also plays a key pathogenic role in complex and difficult-to-treat diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, Crohn's disease, psoriasis and ulcerative colitis. The treatment of these diseases frequently needs TNF-α antagonists, which has been related to an increased risk of developing tuberculosis, mycoses, and other severe infections...
March 15, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668124/a-reduced-dose-of-fluconazole-as-primary-antifungal-prophylaxis-is-not-associated-with-increased-risk-of-invasive-fungal-infections-after-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-from-a-hla-identical-sibling
#6
B Sarina, J Mariotti, S Bramanti, L Morabito, R Crocchiolo, A Rimondo, F Tordato, D Pocaterra, E Casari, Chiara De Philippis, C Carlo-Stella, A Santoro, L Castagna
BACKGROUND: Invasive fungal infections (IFI) represent a common side effect of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT), resulting in increased non relapse mortality (NRM) and reduced overall survival (OS) rates. 75-days of Fluconazole 400 mg/day represents the standard primary antifungal prophylaxis (PAP) after allo-SCT, especially for low-risk transplants. However, the ideal dosage of fluconazole has never been tested. METHODS: Here we report the experience of our institution on 113 consecutive patients receiving an allo-SCT from a HLA identical sibling between 1999 and 2015, where PAP consisted of fluconazole 100 mg/day only during the pre-engraftment phase...
April 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668120/cytomegalovirus-infection-in-living-donor-liver-transplant-recipients-significantly-impacts-the-early-post-transplant-outcome-a-single-center-experience
#7
Sanjay Kumar Yadav, Sanjiv Saigal, Narendra Singh Choudhary, Sujeet Saha, Jayant Kumar Sah, Neeraj Saraf, Naveen Kumar, Sanjay Goja, Amit Rastogi, Prashant Bhangui, A S Soin
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common viral infection in liver transplant recipients that influences the outcomes of liver transplantation. However, its impact on early outcomes following living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is not fully defined in the Indian subcontinent. This study was done to assess the impact of CMV infection on early post-transplant outcomes in LDLT recipients. METHODS: Out of 272 LDLTs performed from January 2012 to April 2013, 151 recipients underwent CMV viral load analysis in plasma within 90 days post LDLT based on clinical suspicion...
April 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668074/a-20-year-experience-with-nocardiosis-in-solid-organ-transplant-sot-recipients-in-the-southwestern-united-states-a-single-center-study
#8
Aneela Majeed, Norman Beatty, Ahmad Iftikhar, Adeela Mushtaq, Julia Fisher, Pryce Gaynor, Jeeyong C Kim, Jose Luis Marquez, Francisco E Mora, Anca Georgescu, Tirdad Zangeneh
BACKGROUND: Nocardiosis is a life-threatening opportunistic infection. Solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients are at higher risk (incidence 0.04% to 3.5%) of developing nocardiosis. Rate of nocardiosis in the Southwestern US may be high due to environmental factors. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review study on 54 SOT patients diagnosed with Nocardia between 1997 and 2016 at our center. To explore the association of various risk factors with both the development of disseminated disease and mortality, a series of Fisher's exact tests was used...
April 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668073/sequential-systematic-anti-mold-prophylaxis-with-micafungin-and-voriconazole-results-in-very-low-incidence-of-invasive-mold-infections-in-patients-undergoing-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#9
Claudia Rosillo, Ana Maria Avila, Yao-Ting Huang, Sean Devlin, Christina Cho, Juan Montoro, Molly A Maloy, Genovefa A Papanicolaou, Pere Barba, Miguel-Angel Perales
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) are at high risk for invasive mold infections (IMI). The goal of the study is to describe the incidence and outcome of IMI in patients after allo-HSCT in a large cohort of patients receiving anti-mold prophylaxis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 988 consecutive adults who underwent allo-HSCT in our center from 2008 through 2014. Standard prophylaxis consisted of micafungin 150mg IV daily from admission to day +7 +/- 3 followed by voriconazole until day +75 to +100...
April 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668066/mait-cell-mediated-cytotoxicity-roles-in-host-defense-and-therapeutic-potentials-in-infectious-diseases-and-cancer
#10
REVIEW
Patrick T Rudak, Joshua Choi, S M Mansour Haeryfar
Mucosa-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are unconventional, innate-like T lymphocytes that sense the presence of MHC-related protein 1 (MR1)-restricted ligands and select inflammatory cues. Consequently, they release potent immunomodulatory mediators, including IFN-γ, TNF-α, and/or IL-17. MAIT cells can also be viewed as killer cells. They display several NK cell-associated receptors, carry granules containing cytotoxic effector molecules, and swiftly upregulate perforin and granzymes upon activation. Accordingly, MAIT cells are capable of lysing MR1-expressing cells infected with a variety of pathogenic bacteria in in vitro settings and may also mount cytotoxic responses during microbial infections in vivo...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668027/heart-transplant-in-children-what-a-primary-care-provider-needs-to-know
#11
Swati Sehgal, Emily Shea, Lauren Kelm, Deepak Kamat
Heart transplantation is offered to children with heart failure that is not amenable to medical or surgical therapy. Indications for heart transplant include unrepairable congenital heart disease, failed palliation of congenital heart disease, and cardiomyopathies. There has been tremendous progress in this field since the first heart transplant was performed in 1967. Each year, approximately 500 pediatric heart transplants take place worldwide. Pediatric heart transplant survivors are living longer with their initial transplant...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667941/when-calcium-pyrophosphate-deposition-disease-masquerades-as-spinal-infection
#12
Giorgos Loizidis, John Stern, Joshua Fitzgerald Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667874/evaluation-of-a-test-and-cull-strategy-for-reducing-prevalence-of-chronic-wasting-disease-in-mule-deer-odocoileus-hemionus
#13
Lisa L Wolfe, Mary Kay Watry, Michael A Sirochman, Tracey M Sirochman, Michael W Miller
  We evaluated a test and cull strategy for lowering chronic wasting disease (CWD) prevalence in a naturally-infected, free-ranging mule deer ( Odocoileus hemionus) herd wintering in the town of Estes Park, Colorado, USA and in nearby Rocky Mountain National Park. We tested 48-68% of the estimated number of adult (≥1 yr old) deer annually for 5 yr via tonsil biopsy immunohistochemistry (IHC), collecting 1,251 samples from >700 individuals and removing IHC-positive deer. Among males, CWD prevalence during the last 3 yr of selective culling was lower (one-sided Fisher's exact test P=0...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667577/people-living-with-undiagnosed-hiv-infection-and-a-low-cd4-count-estimates-from-surveillance-data-italy-2012-to-2014
#14
Vincenza Regine, Maria Dorrucci, Patrizio Pezzotti, Alessia Mammone, Chantal Quinten, Anastasia Pharris, Barbara Suligoi, The Regional Representatives Of The National Hiv Surveillance System
Background and aimsLate HIV diagnosis is associated with onward HIV transmission, higher morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. In Italy, more than half of people living with HIV were diagnosed late during the last decade, with a CD4 count < 350 cells/mm3 at diagnosis. We aimed to determine the number and characteristics of people living with undiagnosed HIV infection and low CD4 counts in Italy. Methods: Data on newly reported HIV diagnoses from 2012 -2014 were obtained from the national HIV surveillance system...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667574/genomic-non-coding-regions-reveal-hidden-patterns-of-mumps-virus-circulation-in-spain-2005-to-2015
#15
Ana M Gavilán, Aurora Fernández-García, Angel Rueda, Ana Castellanos, Josefa Masa-Calles, Noemí López-Perea, María V Torres de Mier, Fernando de Ory, Juan E Echevarría
BackgroundSince mumps vaccination was introduced in 1981 in Spain, the incidence of the disease has dropped significantly. However, cyclic epidemic waves and outbreaks still occur, despite high vaccination coverage. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends genotyping to trace the pattern of mumps virus (MuV) circulation. Genotype H was predominant in Spain, but was replaced in 2005 by genotype G which has subsequently remained dominant. Of the small hydrophobic protein gene sequences, 78% are identical and belong to the MuVi/ Sheffield...
April 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667535/clinical-features-and-short-term-outcome-of-presumptive-intracranial-complications-associated-with-otitis-media-interna-a-multi-center-retrospective-study-of-19-cats-2009-2017
#16
Sarah A Moore, R Timothy Bentley, Sheila Carrera-Justiz, Kari D Foss, Ronaldo C da Costa, Laurie B Cook
Objectives The aim of this study was to compile an overview of the clinical features of intracranial complication of otitis media/interna (OMI) in cats managed across five veterinary referral hospitals. Of additional interest were culture results that could inform empirical antibiotic selection, as well as outcome with both medical and surgical management. Methods A retrospective medical record review was conducted at five veterinary referral practices to identify cats with a diagnosis of intracranial complication secondary to OMI between 2009 and 2017...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667483/global-epidemiology-of-serogroup-b-meningococcal-disease-and-opportunities-for-prevention-with-novel-recombinant-protein-vaccines
#17
Rodolfo Villena, Marco Aurelio P Safadi, María Teresa Valenzuela, Juan P Torres, Adam Finn, Miguel O'Ryan
Meningococcal disease (MD) is a major cause of meningitis and sepsis worldwide, with a high case fatality rate and frequent sequelae. Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B, C, W, X and Y are responsible for most of these life-threatening infections, and its unpredictable epidemiology can cause outbreaks in communities, with significant health, social and economic impact. Currently, serogroup B is the main cause of MD in Europe and North America and one of the most prevalent serogroups in Latin America. Mass vaccination strategies using polysaccharide vaccines have been deployed since the 1970s and the use of conjugate vaccines has controlled endemic and epidemic disease caused by serogroups A, C, W and Y and more recently serogroup B using geographically-specific outer membrane vesicle based vaccines...
April 18, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667378/alarming-results-of-nosocomial-infections-in-a-multicenter-program-of-surveillance-in-polish-intensive-care-units
#18
Michał Wałaszek, Anna Różańska, Małgorzata Bulanda, Jadwiga Wojkowska-Mach, Polish Society of Hospital Infections Team
INTRODUCTION: Nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSI) among patients in intensive care units (ICU) are the most common form of nosocomial infections and they are serious complications of the treatment process. The etiological factors of these infections and the proper antibiotic therapy can influence the effects of patient treatment. The aim of the study was to analyze the epidemiology, microbiology and antibiotic therapy of nosocomial BSI in Polish ICU patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The retrospective study covered patients hospitalized in seven ICUs for adults with a general profile, located in southern Poland...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667377/the-usefulness-of-determination-of-the-procalcitonin-pct-concentration-in-gbs-piositive-pregnant-womens-blood-serum-for-anticipations-of-infections-in-newborns
#19
Wojciech Cnota, Dominika Mucha, Jan Mucha
Group-B streptococci (GBS) are commensal bacteria of the human body. They may, however, pose a serious life hazard to pregnant women. During labour, newborns of GBS-positive mothers run the risk of infections that may eventually lead to severe complications, sepsis or even death. For this reason, it is very important to find new diagnostic markers that will enable fast and effective diagnostics and control of the disease process. The level of procalcitonin emerges as a promising diagnostic parameter. AIM. Analysis of the impact of the procalcitonin (PCT) level in GBS-positive pregnant women on the possibility of complications and infections in mothers and newborns MATERIAL AND METHODS...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667376/tick-paralysis
#20
Karol Borawski, Sławomir Pancewicz, Piotr Czupryna, Joanna Zajkowska, Anna Moniuszko-Malinowska
Tick paralysis is caused by neurotoxins secreted by adult female ticks, primarily in North America and on the east coast of Australia. Sporadic illness is also recorded in Europe and Africa. In the European countries, including Poland, there are 6 species of ticks capable of causing tick paralysis. The disease occurs in people of all ages, but is most commonly diagnosed in children under 8 years of age. Paralysis can take different forms - from rare isolated cranial nerve infections to quadriplegia and respiratory muscles paralysis...
2018: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
keyword
keyword
76739
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"