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Vitalii S Kuz, Valentyn N Dvornyk, Vitalii A Kostenko, Gelfira M Kuz, Oleh Ye Akimov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Basic materials used in the clinic of orthopedic dentistry are high-polymer compounds and have a number of positive properties in certain conditions. The main group of materials for manufacturing of removable dentures is acrylic plastics of hot polymerization. However, such materials can sometimes cause a number of complications. Using removable prostheses, which are made of acrylic plastics can cause the development of an allergic or toxic-chemical reaction of tissues of the prosthetic bed...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
J C Ribeiro Júnior, R Tamanini, A L M de Oliveira, A A Alfieri, V Beloti
When correctly pasteurized, packaged, and stored, milk with low total bacterial counts (TBC) has a longer shelf life. Therefore, microorganisms that resist heat treatments are especially important in the deterioration of pasteurized milk and in its shelf life. The aim of this work was to quantify the thermoduric microorganisms after the pasteurization of refrigerated raw milk samples with low TBC and to identify the diversity of these isolates with proteolytic or lipolytic potential by RFLP analysis. Twenty samples of raw milk were collected in bulk milk tanks shortly after milking in different Brazilian dairy farms and pasteurized...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
S Y Jiang, H Y Xu, Z N Shen, C J Zhao, C Wu
The Tibetan chicken (TBC), an indigenous chicken breed of the Tibetan Plateau, has adapted to its hypoxic, high-altitude environment over hundreds of years. The objective of this study was to identify the polymorphisms and genes associated with adaptation to hypoxia in this chicken breed. In the present study, samples were collected during days 18-21 of the incubation period from both surviving chicks and dead embryos, all of which were hatched under hypoxic conditions. A genome-wide association study was conducted using the Illumina iSelect 60K SNP array with a case-control design, in which the case group consisted of the dead chicken embryos (n = 54) and controls were the surviving chicks (n = 82)...
May 18, 2018: Animal Genetics
Adriana Fodor, Angela Cozma, Eddy Karnieli
The novel genome-wide assays of epigenetic marks have resulted in a greater understanding of how genetics and the environment interact in the development and inheritance of diabetes. Chronic hyperglycemia induces epigenetic changes in multiple organs, contributing to diabetic complications. Specific epigenetic-modifying compounds have been developed to erase these modifications, possibly slowing down the onset of diabetes-related complications. The current review is an update of the previously published paper, describing the most recent advances in the epigenetics of diabetes...
November 2017: Personalized Medicine
Crystal H Dodson
The field of oncology has been permeated with the use of pharmacogenomics. There have been a few studies on oncology nurses' attitudes surrounding this topic. A study conducted in 2015 revealed six themes: consistency, effectiveness, cost, disparity, genetic counseling needs and need for further education. Further information obtained while conducting a pilot study for continuing education related to pharmacogenomics have revealed novel perspectives surrounding pharmacogenomics among oncology nurses. The previous six themes were substantiated...
November 2017: Personalized Medicine
Seth Peterson, Chad Kuntz, Jim Roush
OBJECTIVE: To examine the agreement between telerehabilitation and face-to-face assessments of patients with acute and subacute low back pain (LBP) using a modified treatment-based classification (TBC) system. A secondary aim was to evaluate patient satisfaction with the telerehabilitation assessment. METHODS: Patients with LBP of less than 90 days' duration underwent both telerehabilitation and face-to-face assessments. After physical examination, patients were classified into one of three intervention groups (mobilization/manipulation, specific exercise, and stabilization)...
May 3, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
Cristina Simões Cortinhas, Bruno Garcia Botaro, Susana Nori de Macedo, Marcos Veiga Dos Santos
This study identified the association of management practices and herd characteristics with milk quality of bulk tanks in southeastern, Brazil. Milk samples were collected weekly during 8 weeks from 63 dairy herds. Bulk tanks were evaluated for total bacteria (TBC), preliminary incubation (PIC), pasteurization (PC), coliform (CC), and somatic cell counts (SCC). Associations found were type of milking system utilized in the farm with TBC, PIC, and SCC; the use of gloves for milking with TBC and PIC; sanitation of milking equipment prior to milking with PC and CC; strip cup testing of cows with PC; teat washing prior to milking with SCC; pre-milking teat disinfection with TBC and CC; post-dipping with TBC and SCC; and the alkaline-acid washing procedure of milking equipment with PIC and PC...
April 30, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Michael Scordo, Sejal M Morjaria, Eric R Littmann, Ankush Bhatia, Helen H Chung, Molly Maloy, Lisa M DeAngelis, Sergio A Giralt, Ying Taur, Craig S Sauter
We investigated the incidence of viral, fungal, bacterial, and parasitic infections observed in 57 patients with central nervous system lymphoma (CNSL) after TBC-ASCT and 79 patients with systemic NHL after traditional BEAM-ASCT. Twenty of 57 (35%) TBC-ASCT patients had detectable viremia with human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), cytomegalovirus (CMV), adenovirus (ADV), or BK virus (BKV), versus 9 of 79 (11%) BEAM-ASCT patients. Nine TBC-ASCT patients had clinically relevant viral infections (4 HHV-6, 2 CMV, 1 ADV, 2 BKV), versus 0 in the BEAM-ASCT group...
April 18, 2018: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Hasan Raboui, Alan J Lough, Anjuli M Szawiola, Timothy P Bender
Tetrabenzotriazacorroles (Tbcs) are a family of molecules related to phthalocyanines but have the unique ability to intensely absorb both blue and red light. Here, we report the synthesis of four novel silicon tetrabenzotriazacorrole derivatives (SiTbcs) with varying sized axial ligands. SiTbcs are formed starting from bis(hydroxy) silicon phthalocyanine ((OH)2 -SiPc) via a simple in situ axial functionalization and reductive chemical process using magnesium metal and the respective chlorosilane in pyridine...
April 17, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Yueqian Cao, Wu Zhang, Wenjing Wang
Variation of haze events occurred in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) of China, the characteristics of meteorological elements and the vertical distribution of aerosols during haze episodes were analyzed by utilizing data of ground observation, radiosonde and CALIPSO. The results illustrate that the frequency of haze events between 1981 and 2010 peaked in winter but bottomed out in summer and decreased from north to south in the YRD region, reaching at the lowest point in "low frequency center" - Shanghai...
April 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
Pyae Phyo Wai, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Nang Thu Thu Kyaw, Saw Thein, Aung Si Thu, Khine Wut Yee Kyaw, Nyein Nyein Aye, Aye Mon Phyo, Htet Myet Win Maung, Kyaw Thu Soe, Si Thu Aung
BACKGROUND: The Union in collaboration with national TB programme (NTP) started the community-based MDR-TB care (CBMDR-TBC) project in 33 townships of upper Myanmar to improve treatment initiation and treatment adherence. Patients with MDR-TB diagnosed/registered under NTP received support through the project staff, in addition to the routine domiciliary care provided by NTP staff. Each township had a project nurse exclusively for MDR-TB and 30 USD per month (max. for 4 months) were provided to the patient as a pre-treatment support...
2018: PloS One
Mao-Sheng Huang, Ching-Chang Cheng, Shu-Ying Tseng, Yi-Ling Lin, Hui-Min Lo, Po-Wen Chen
Recent reports have shown that food-borne or commensal bacteria can function as reservoirs of antibiotic resistance. However, the antibiotic susceptibility of bacterial isolates of most milk samples or the total bacterial counts (TBC) in human milk from healthy donors, are not fully understood in Taiwan. Thus, five healthy mothers were randomly recruited each month, and totally 30 mothers without any symptoms of infection were recruited over 6 months. Milk samples were then harvested and analyzed immediately after collection...
March 25, 2018: MicrobiologyOpen
Shihua Zhang, Liang Zhang, Yijun Wang, Jian Yang, Mingzhi Liao, Shoudong Bi, Zhongwen Xie, Chi-Tang Ho, Xiaochun Wan
Tea is one of the most popular non-alcoholic beverages consumed worldwide. Numerous bioactive constituents of tea were confirmed to possess healthy benefits via the mechanisms of regulating gene expressions or protein activities. However, a complete interacting profile between tea bioactive compounds (TBCs) and their target genes is lacking, which put an obstacle in the study of healthy function of tea. To fill this gap, we developed a database of target genes of TBCs (TBC2target, based on a pharmacophore mapping approach...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Jun-Hui Chen, Pei-Pei Li, Li-Kun Yang, Lei Chen, Jie Zhu, Xu Hu, Yu-Hai Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate clinical efficacy of and optimal therapeutic strategy for ventricular intracranial pressure monitoring (V-ICPM) in patients with traumatic bifrontal contusions (TBCs). METHODS: From 8760 patients with traumatic brain injury treated between January 2010 and January 2016, a retrospective analysis was performed on 105 patients with TBCs who underwent V-ICPM and 282 patients with TBCs who did not. All patients underwent treatment at the 101st Hospital of PLA, Wuxi, China...
May 2018: World Neurosurgery
Saed Ramzi, Elaine L Hyett, Abigail S Wheal, Peter J Cant
True invasive tubular breast carcinoma (TBC) is unlikely to metastasize to axillary nodes, yet it is routinely subjected to sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB), even if the diagnosis was suspected preoperatively. The positive predictive value (PPV) of core biopsy for TBC and the incidence and predictors of axillary metastasis in invasive breast carcinomas identified as tubular-rich on core biopsy are unknown. Prospective patient and tumor data regarding postoperatively confirmed TBCs, and tubular-rich carcinoma identified on preoperative core biopsy between January 2005 and May 2016 was analyzed retrospectively...
February 24, 2018: Breast Journal
Ye-Jin Park, Hye-Min Lee, MinJung Shin, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Doug Young Chung, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Sun-Ju Kim
Kale ( Brassica oleracea L. Acephala Group) is the rich source of medicinal value sulphur compounds, glucosinolates (GLSs). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different proportion of sulphur (S) supplementation levels on the accumulation of GLSs in the leaves of the kale cultivar ('TBC'). High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) separation method guided to identify and quantify six GSLs including three aliphatic (progoitrin, sinigrin and gluconapin) and three indolyl (glucobrassicin, 4-methoxyglucobrassicin and neoglucobrasscin) respectively...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Chuanling Jiang, Yawen Bang, Xinhao Wang, Xuefeng Lu, Zhenglong Lim, Haipeng Wei, Samir El-Hankari, Jishan Wu, Zebing Zeng
Open-shell π-conjugated compounds have recently received intense attention due to their unique properties and promising applications in materials science. However, the experiments on how the substituents affect their chemical bonding and structural motif remain less addressed. In this work, a series of tetrabenzo-Chichibabin's hydrocarbon (TBC) derivatives substituted by different electron-donating or -withdrawing groups at the termini were synthesized. The substituent effect was studied via X-ray crystallographic analysis...
March 7, 2018: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Isadora Orlando de Oliveira, Rodrigo Antunes de Vasconcelos, Bruna Pilz, Paulo Eduardo Portes Teixeira, Eduarda de Faria Ferreira, Wilson Mello, Débora Bevilaqua Grossi
Objectives: To observe the distribution of patients who presented with low back pain (LBP) and to determine the between therapists' interrater reliability of assessments in a private outpatient setting using treatment-based classification (TBC) subgroups. Methods: An observational and methodological study was conducted. Four hundred and twenty-nine patients (231 male; 198 female) presenting LBP symptoms and referred to conservative treatment were assessed by 13 physical therapists who conducted a 60-min examination process utilizing TBC subgroups...
February 2018: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Novel N Chegou, Jayne S Sutherland, Anna-Ritah Namuganga, Paul Lam Corstjens, Annemieke Geluk, Gebremedhin Gebremichael, Joseph Mendy, Stephanus Malherbe, Kim Stanley, Gian D van der Spuy, Magdalena Kriel, Andre G Loxton, Belinda Kriel, Felanji Simukonda, Yonas Bekele, Jacob A Sheehama, Josefina Nelongo, Marieta van der Vyver, Atsbeha Gebrexabher, Habteyes Hailu, Maria M Esterhuyse, Ida Rosenkrands, Claus Aagard, Martin Kidd, Desta Kassa, Adane Mihret, Rawleigh Howe, Jacqueline M Cliff, Amelia C Crampin, Harriet Mayanja-Kizza, Stefan H E Kaufmann, Hazel M Dockrell, Tom H M Ottenhoff, Gerhard Walzl
We investigated host-derived biomarkers that were previously identified in QuantiFERON supernatants, in a large pan-African study. We recruited individuals presenting with symptoms of pulmonary TB at seven peripheral healthcare facilities in six African countries, prior to assessment for TB disease. We then evaluated the concentrations of 12 biomarkers in stored QuantiFERON supernatants using the Luminex platform. Based on laboratory, clinical and radiological findings and a pre-established algorithm, participants were classified as TB disease or other respiratory diseases(ORD)...
February 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Marat I Kamalov, Trinh Đặng, Natalia V Petrova, Alexander V Laikov, Duong Luong, Rezeda A Akhmadishina, Andrei N Lukashkin, Timur I Abdullin
A new self-assembled formulation of methylprednisolone succinate (MPS) based on a carboxylated trifunctional block copolymer of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide (TBC-COOH) was developed. TBC-COOH and MPS associated spontaneously at increased concentrations in aqueous solutions to form almost monodisperse mixed micelles (TBC-COOH/MPS) with a hydrodynamic diameter of 19.6 nm, zeta potential of -27.8 mV and optimal weight ratio ∼1:6.3. Conditions for the effective formation of TBC-COOH/MPS were elucidated by comparing copolymers and glucocorticoids with different structure...
April 1, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
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