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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183165/evaluation-of-microbiological-cellular-and-risk-factors-associated-with-subclinical-mastitis-in-female-buffaloes
#1
Emmanuella Oliveira Moura, Adriano Henrique do Nascimento Rangel, Maria Celeste Nunes de Melo, Luiz Henrique Fernandes Borba, Dorgival Morais de Lima Júnior, Luciano Patto Novaes, Stela Antas Urbano, Júlio César de Andrade Neto
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the microbiological and cellular milk profile for the diagnosis of subclinical mastitis in female buffaloes and to assess risk factors for predisposition of the disease. Methods: Analyses were carried out by standard plate count (SPC), identification of species and antibiotic resistance, somatic cell count (SCC), electrical conductivity of milk (ECM), and Lactoferrin content in milk (Lfe). Teat cups were swabbed to evaluate risk factors, observing hyperkeratosis, milking vacuum pressure and cleanliness of the site...
February 1, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176461/high-resolution-localization-of-rab5-eea1-and-nectin-3-to-tubulobulbar-complexes-in-the-rat-testis
#2
Arlo Adams, A Wayne Vogl
Tubulobulbar complexes are clathrin/actin-based structures that internalize intercellular junctions in the testis. They resemble coated pits with extremely long necks that are cuffed by dendritic actin networks. As the structures mature, a swollen region or bulb develops near the end of each complex. The bulbs lack actin cuffs and are closely associated with cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum. The bulbs expand and are internalized and enter endocytic compartments of the Sertoli cell. Previous immunofluorescence studies have demonstrated that markers for early endosomes (Rab5 and EEA1) are associated with tubulobulbar complexes and are localized at or near the ends of the structures...
February 8, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168758/crystal-structure-of-tbc1d15-gtpase-activating-protein-gap-domain-and-its-activity-on-rab-gtpases
#3
Yan-Na Chen, Xin Gu, X Edward Zhou, Weidong Wang, Dandan Cheng, Yinghua Ge, Fei Ye, H Eric Xu, Zhengbing Lv
TBC1D15 belongs to the TBC (Tre-2/Bub2/Cdc16) domain family and functions as a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for Rab GTPases. So far, the structure of TBC1D15 or the TBC1D15·Rab complex has not been determined, thus, its catalytic mechanism on Rab GTPases is still unclear. In this study, we solved the crystal structures of the Shark and Sus TBC1D15 GAP domains, to 2.8 Å and 2.5 Å resolution, respectively. Shark-TBC1D15 and Sus-TBC1D15 belong to the same subfamily of TBC domain-containing proteins, and their GAP-domain structures are highly similar...
February 7, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163124/efficient-separation-of-mannan-protein-mixtures-by-ionic-liquid-aqueous-two-phase-system-comparison-with-lectin-affinity-purification
#4
Alžbeta Čížová, Jana Korcová, Pavol Farkaš, Slavomír Bystrický
Analysis of carbohydrates from complex biological samples often requires their isolation from proteins and other contaminants to avoid interference. An effective separation of mannan-protein mixtures by 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide/K2HPO4 ionic liquid aqueous two-phase system (IL-APTS) is reported. Extraction efficiency of bovine serum albumin (BSA) ranged from 92% to 97% while extraction efficiency of mannan reached values from 95% to about 100% depending on phase and/or model sample composition. On the contrary, lower efficiency of BSA removal (73-84%) was recorded for lectin affinity purification with concanavalin A-triazine bead cellulose (Con A-TBC); the low mannan-binding capacity was limiting factor here...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145072/effect-of-quality-of-colostrum-on-health-growth-and-immunoglobulin-g-concentration-in-holstein-calves-in-a-hot-environment
#5
Miguel Mellado, Edir Torres, Francisco G Veliz, Angeles de Santiago, Ulises Macias-Cruz, Jose E Garcia
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of ingestion of pasteurized and subsequently frozen-thawed pooled colostrum (≥50 mg Ig/mL) with different bacterial counts and immunoglobulin concentration (IgC) on the occurrence of diarrhea and pneumonia in 306 neonatal Holstein calves in a hot environment. Calves were assigned to be fed colostrum with total bacterial counts (TBC) lower or greater than 100 000 colony-forming units (cfu)/mL, total coliform counts (TCC) greater or lower than 10 000 cfu/mL, and IgC lower or higher than 85 mg Ig/mL...
February 1, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109266/team-based-care-for-improving-hypertension-management-among-outpatients-tbc-hta-study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Valérie Santschi, Grégoire Wuerzner, Arnaud Chiolero, Bernard Burnand, Philippe Schaller, Lyne Cloutier, Gilles Paradis, Michel Burnier
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure (BP) is poorly controlled among a large proportion of hypertensive outpatients. Innovative models of care are therefore needed to improve BP control. The Team-Based Care for improving Hypertension management (TBC-HTA) study aims to evaluate the effect of a team-based care (TBC) interprofessional intervention, involving nurses, community pharmacists and physicians, on BP control of hypertensive outpatients compared to usual care in routine clinical practice. METHODS/DESIGN: The TBC-HTA study is a pragmatic randomized controlled study with a 6-month follow-up which tests a TBC interprofessionnal intervention conducted among uncontrolled treated hypertensive outpatients in two ambulatory clinics and among seven nearby community pharmacies in Lausanne and Geneva, Switzerland...
January 21, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088541/secretory-pathway-optimization-of-cho-producer-cells-by-co-engineering-of-the-mitosrna-1978-target-genes-cers2-and-tbc1d20
#7
Lisa A Pieper, Michaela Strotbek, Till Wenger, Martin Gamer, Monilola A Olayioye, Angelika Hausser
Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells are the most commonly used host for the production of biopharmaceuticals. Although transcription and translation engineering strategies have been employed to generate high-producer cell clones, the secretory pathway still remains a bottleneck in cellular productivity. In this study we show that ectopic expression of a human mitochondrial genome-encoded small RNA (mitosRNA-1978) in an IgG expressing CHO cell line strongly improved specific productivity by functioning in a microRNA-like fashion...
January 11, 2017: Metabolic Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067790/rab10-interacts-with-the-male-germ-cell-specific-gtpase-activating-protein-during-mammalian-spermiogenesis
#8
Ying-Hung Lin, Chih-Chun Ke, Ya-Yun Wang, Mei-Feng Chen, Tsung-Ming Chen, Wei-Chi Ku, Han-Sun Chiang, Chung-Hsin Yeh
According to recent estimates, 2%-15% of couples are sterile, and approximately half of the infertility cases are attributed to male reproductive factors. However, the reasons remain undefined in approximately 25% of male infertility cases, and most infertility cases exhibit spermatogenic defects. Numerous genes involved in spermatogenesis still remain unknown. We previously identified Male Germ Cells Rab GTPase-Activating Proteins (MGCRABGAPs) through cDNA microarray analysis of human testicular tissues with spermatogenic defects...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035613/elucidation-of-the-tidal-influence-on-bacterial-populations-in-a-monsoon-influenced-estuary-through-simultaneous-observations
#9
Lidita Khandeparker, Ranjith Eswaran, Laxman Gardade, Nishanth Kuchi, Kaushal Mapari, Sneha D Naik, Arga Chandrashekar Anil
The influence of tides on bacterial populations in a monsoon influenced tropical estuary was assessed through fine resolution sampling (1 to 3 h) during spring and neap tides from mouth to the freshwater end at four stations during pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon seasons. Higher abundance of total bacterial count (TBC) in surface water near the river mouth, compared to the upstream, during pre-monsoon was followed by an opposite scenario during the monsoon When seasonally compared, it was during the post-monsoon season when TBC in surface water was highest, with simultaneous decrease in their count in the river sediment...
January 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27980507/a-synchrotron-x-ray-diffraction-deconvolution-method-for-the-measurement-of-residual-stress-in-thermal-barrier-coatings-as-a-function-of-depth
#10
C Li, S D M Jacques, Y Chen, D Daisenberger, P Xiao, N Markocsan, P Nylen, R J Cernik
The average residual stress distribution as a function of depth in an air plasma-sprayed yttria stabilized zirconia top coat used in thermal barrier coating (TBC) systems was measured using synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction in reflection geometry on station I15 at Diamond Light Source, UK, employing a series of incidence angles. The stress values were calculated from data deconvoluted from diffraction patterns collected at increasing depths. The stress was found to be compressive through the thickness of the TBC and a fluctuation in the trend of the stress profile was indicated in some samples...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Crystallography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934181/the-role-of-interfacial-electronic-properties-on-phonon-transport-in-two-dimensional-mos2-on-metal-substrates
#11
Zhequan Yan, Liang Chen, Mina Yoon, Satish Kumar
We investigate the role of interfacial electronic properties on the phonon transport in two-dimensional MoS2 adsorbed on metal substrates (Au and Sc) using first-principles density functional theory and the atomistic Green's function method. Our study reveals that the different degree of orbital hybridization and electronic charge distribution between MoS2 and metal substrates play a significant role in determining the overall phonon-phonon coupling and phonon transmission. The charge transfer caused by the adsorption of MoS2 on Sc substrate can significantly weaken the Mo-S bond strength and change the phonon properties of MoS2, which result in a significant change in thermal boundary conductance (TBC) from one lattice-stacking configuration to another for same metallic substrate...
December 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931691/risk-assessment-of-hepatotoxicity-among-tuberculosis-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-aids-coinfected-patients-under-tuberculosis-treatment
#12
Williams Ngouleun, Prosper Cabral Biapa Nya, Anatole Constant Pieme, Phelix Bruno Telefo
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is a worldwide public health problem. It is a contagious and grave disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Current drugs such as isoniazid, pyrazinamide, and rifampicin used for the treatment of tuberculosis are potentially hepatotoxic and can lead to drug hepatitis. In order to improve the follow-up of TB patients in Cameroon, we carried out a study which aimed to evaluate the hepatotoxicity risk factors associated with anti-TB drugs. METHODS: The studies were performed on 75 participants who had visited the Loum District Hospital located in the littoral region of Cameroon for their routine consultation...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923223/intestinal-pneumatosis-associated-with-tuberculosis-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#13
Vivek Venkataramani, Ali Seif Amir Hosseini, Marco H Schulze, Lorenz Trümper, Gerald Wulf, Ulrike Bacher, Wolfram Jung
Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI), defined as intestinal intra- and extramural gas accumulation, is a rare radiographic finding in conditions of intestinal wall damage of varied etiology. Here, we report on a 56-year-old female with multiple myeloma who presented with undulating fever, fluctuating abdominal symptoms, and a distended abdomen 5 months after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Abdominal X-ray and CT scan documented PI with gas accumulation both in the intestinal and colonic bowel walls...
2017: Acta Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919295/advances-in-intelligence-research-what-should-be-expected-in-the-xxi-century-questions-answers
#14
Roberto Colom
Here I briefly delineate my view about the main question of this International Seminar, namely, what should we expecting from the XXI Century regarding the advancements in intelligence research. This view can be summarized as 'The Brain Connection' (TBC), meaning that neuroscience will be of paramount relevance for increasing our current knowledge related to the key question: why are some people smarter than others? We need answers to the issue of what happens in our brains when the genotype and the environment are integrated...
December 6, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903420/microbiology-of-processed-edible-insect-products-results-of-a-preliminary-survey
#15
Nils Th Grabowski, Günter Klein
Little is known of the microbiology of processed insect products. The present survey analysed a total of n=38 samples of deep-fried and spiced (Acheta domesticus, Locusta migratoria, and Omphisa fuscidentalis), cooked in soy sauce ("tsukudani"; Oxya yezoensis, Vespula flaviceps, and Bombyx mori), dried (A. domesticus, L. migatoria, Alphitobius diaperinus, Tenebrio molitor, B. mori, Hermetia illucens, and Musca domestica), powdered (H. illucens, T. molitor) and other (incl. deep-frozen B. mori and honeybee pollen) insect products microbiologically (total bacterial count [TBC], Enterobacteriaceae, staphylococci, bacilli, and yeasts and moulds counts, salmonellae, Listeria monocytogenes, and Escherichia coli)...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892476/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-between-an-evolved-abscisic-acid-overproducing-mutant-botrytis-cinerea-tbc-a-and-its-ancestral-strain-botrytis-cinerea-tbc-6
#16
Zhongtao Ding, Zhi Zhang, Juan Zhong, Di Luo, Jinyan Zhou, Jie Yang, Liang Xiao, Dan Shu, Hong Tan
Abscisic acid (ABA) is a classical phytohormone which plays an important role in plant stress resistance. Moreover, ABA is also found to regulate the activation of innate immune cells and glucose homeostasis in mammals. Therefore, this 'stress hormone' is of great importance to theoretical research and agricultural and medical applications. Botrytis cinerea is a well-known phytopathogenic ascomycete that synthesizes ABA via a pathway substantially different from higher plants. Identification of the functional genes involved in ABA biosynthesis in B...
November 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845219/efficacy-of-daily-low-dose-tadalafil-for-treating-overactive-bladder-results-of-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Hongde Chen, Feng Wang, Zhixian Yu, Yirong Zhang, Chaohui Liu, Shengjie Dai, Bicheng Chen, Jiaju Lv
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of daily low-dose tadalafil therapy for overactive bladder (OAB) in women. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 96 women with idiopathic OAB from 3 medical centers in the south of Zhejiang Province of China were randomly assigned to treatment with daily low-dose tadalafil (5 mg, n = 48) or placebo (n = 48) for 3 months. The Indevus Urgency Severity Scale, overactive bladder symptom score (Homma et al, 2006), and a 3-day micturition diary with frequency, incontinence, and urgency episodes were recorded and compared before the treatment, every 2 weeks following the treatment, and 3 months after the treatment...
November 11, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834609/a-treatment-based-classification-algorithm-to-treat-achilles-tendinopathy-an-exploratory-case-series
#18
Patti Syvertson, Emily Dietz, Monica Matocha, Janet McMurray, Russell Baker, Alan Nasypany, Don Reordan, Michael Paddack
CONTEXT: Achilles tendinopathy is relatively common in both the general and athletic populations. The current gold standard for the treatment of Achilles tendinopathy is eccentric exercise, which can be painful and time consuming. While there is limited research on indirect treatment approaches, it has been proposed that tendinopathy patients do respond to indirect approaches in fewer treatments without provoking pain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of utilizing a Treatment Based Classification (TBC) algorithm as a strategy for classifying and treating patients diagnosed with Achilles tendinopathy...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821905/combined-effects-of-drugs-and-plasticizers-on-the-properties-of-drug-delivery-films
#19
Cheryl L Jennings, Thomas D Dziubla, David A Puleo
Formation of scar tissue may be reduced or prevented if wounds were locally treated with a combination of molecules tuned to the different healing phases, guiding tissue regeneration along a scar free path. To this end, drug delivery devices made of cellulose acetate phthalate and Pluronic F-127 were loaded with either quercetin or pirfenidone and plasticized with either triethyl citrate (TEC) or tributyl citrate (TBC). Quercetin inhibits oxidative stress, and pirfenidone has been shown to reduce production of pro-inflammatory and fibrogenic molecules...
July 2016: Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726429/thallium-201-uptake-of-giant-cell-tumor-one-step-toward-the-differential-diagnosis-to-atypically-presenting-osteosarcoma
#20
Sarah Keller, Ryota Inai, Shuhei Sato, Akihiro Tada, Gerhard Adam, Jin Yamamura, Susumu Kanazawa
OBJECTIVE: The radiologic differential diagnosis of giant cell tumors (GCTs) is challenging because there is a risk of misdiagnosis of GCTs as malignant lesions such as atypically presenting osteosarcomas (OSs). This study aims to assess the feasibility of (201)Tl scintigraphy for the differential diagnosis of GCT and atypical OS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thallium-201 scintigraphy scans obtained between January 2006 and October 2015 of patients with histologically proven GCT (23 patients [male-to-female ratio, 15:8]; median age, 33...
January 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
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