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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867589/maternal-swimming-exercise-during-pregnancy-attenuates-anxiety-depressive-like-behaviors-and-voluntary-morphine-consumption-in-the-pubertal-male-and-female-rat-offspring-born-from-morphine-dependent-mothers
#1
Masoumeh Torabi, Alireza Pooriamehr, Imanollah Bigdeli, Hossein Miladi-Gorji
This study was designed to examine whether maternal swimming exercise during pregnancy would attenuate prenatally morphine-induced anxiety, depression and voluntary consumption of morphine in the pubertal male and female rat offspring. Pregnant rats during the development of morphine dependence were allowed to swim (30-45min/d, 3days per a week) on gestational days 11-18. Then, the pubertal male and female rat offspring were tested for the elevated plus-maze (EPM), sucrose preference test (SPT) and voluntary morphine consumption using a two-bottle choice (TBC) paradigm...
September 1, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862155/osteogenesis-effects-of-strontium-substituted-hydroxyapatite-coatings-on-true-bone-ceramics-surface-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#2
Jingfeng Li, Liang Yang, Xiaodong Guo, Wei Cui, Shuyi Yang, Jianping Wang, Yanzhen Qu, Zengwu Shao, Shuyun Xu
To develop bioactive bone graft materials that can induce rapid bone regeneration, a novel biomaterial was synthesized by coating true bone ceramic (TBC) substrates with strontium-substituted nano-hydroxyapatites (Sr concentrations of 0-10-40-100%) through sol-gel dip-coating approach. All coated TBC scaffolds retained the inherent natural trabecular structure, porosity, compressive strength and simultaneously possessed a micro/ nanotopography SrHA layer on the substrate surface. The dimension of the deposited crystal increased and the density of deposited apatite particles became sparse with increasing Sr content, but an unique HA crystalline phase was observed under all conditions...
September 1, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818277/economics-of-self-measured-blood-pressure-monitoring-a-community-guide-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Verughese Jacob, Sajal K Chattopadhyay, Krista K Proia, David P Hopkins, Jeffrey Reynolds, Anilkrishna B Thota, Christopher D Jones, Daniel T Lackland, Kimberly J Rask, Nicolaas P Pronk, John M Clymer, Ron Z Goetzel
CONTEXT: The health and economic burden of hypertension, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is substantial. This systematic review evaluated the economic evidence of self-measured blood pressure (SMBP) monitoring interventions to control hypertension. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The literature search from database inception to March 2015 identified 22 studies for inclusion with three types of interventions: SMBP used alone, SMBP with additional support, and SMBP within team-based care (TBC)...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800873/transbronchial-lung-cryobiopsy-associated-complications
#4
R Linhas, R Marçôa, A Oliveira, J Almeida, S Neves, S Campainha
INTRODUCTION: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBC) has emerged as a diagnostic alternative to surgical lung biopsy in interstitial lung disease (ILD). Despite its less invasive nature, some associated complications have been described. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate complications of TBC and associated factors. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of all patients with ILD submitted to TBC in our centre. Clinicodemographic variables and factors associated to TBC complications were analyzed...
August 8, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797637/temporal-changes-in-innate-immunity-parameters-epinecidin-gene-expression-and-mortality-in-orange-spotted-grouper-epinephelus-coioides-experimentally-infected-with-a-fish-pathogen-vibrio-harveyi-jml1
#5
Edgar C Amar, Joseph P Faisan, Mary Jane S Apines-Amar, Rolando V Pakingking
Changes in innate immunity parameters and epinecidin mRNA transcript levels were examined to characterize the non-specific immune response of E. coioides to pathogenic V. harveyi JML1 isolated from affected cage-cultured fish. After fish had been injected with bacteria at a dose causing 30% mortality, blood and tissue samples were collected at 0, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, and 240 h post-infection (hpi) for assessment of indices such as the oxidative burst (OB) and phagocytic index (PI) of head kidney cells, and lysozyme activity (LYS) and total immunoglobulin (Total Ig) levels of the plasma...
August 7, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795022/the-potency-of-chicken-egg-yolk-immunoglobulin-igy-specific-as-immunotherapy-to-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection
#6
Sri Agus Sudjarwo, Koerniasari Eraiko, Giftania Wardani Sudjarwo, Koerniasari
The aim of this study was to characterize of chicken egg yolk immunoglobulins (IgYs) specific as immunotherapy to Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) infection. Lohmann laying hens were immunized intramuscularly with antigenic of MTBC. Egg yolk was separated from egg white, and IgY antibody was then purified by multiple polyethylene glycols 6000 extraction and ammonium sulfate purification steps. The IgY anti-MTBC concentration in egg yolk increased at 2 weeks and it reached a maximum at 4 weeks after immunization...
July 2017: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773894/study-on-stress-development-in-the-phase-transition-layer-of-thermal-barrier-coatings
#7
Yijun Chai, Chen Lin, Xian Wang, Yueming Li
Stress development is one of the significant factors leading to the failure of thermal barrier coating (TBC) systems. In this work, stress development in the two phase mixed zone named phase transition layer (PTL), which grows between the thermally grown oxide (TGO) and the bond coat (BC), is investigated by using two different homogenization models. A constitutive equation of the PTL based on the Reuss model is proposed to study the stresses in the PTL. The stresses computed with the proposed constitutive equation are compared with those obtained with Voigt model-based equation in detail...
September 13, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732733/antibacterial-activities-and-preservative-effect-of-chitosan-oligosaccharide-maillard-reaction-products-on-penaeus-vannamei
#8
Tao Sun, Yingying Qin, Honglei Xu, Jing Xie, Dongmei Hu, Bin Xue, Xinyi Hua
The purpose of this study was to understand the influence of Maillard reaction (MR) on bioactivity of chitosan oligosaccharide (COS). The antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Vibrio parahaemolyticus and preservative effect of two kinds of COS MR products (MRPs) on Penaeus vannamei were evaluated. The structures of CG (MRPs of COS and glucose) and CM (MRPs of COS and maltose) were characterized by FT-IR and their molecular weights were measured by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The results showed that CG has enhanced antibacterial activity and preservative effect compared to COS by evaluating total volatile base-nitrogen (TVB-N), trimethylamine (TMA), pH, total bacterial count (TBC) and sensory evaluation...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729075/effects-of-environmental-enrichment-during-abstinence-in-morphine-dependent-parents-on-anxiety-depressive-like-behaviors-and-voluntary-morphine-consumption-in-rat-offspring
#9
Alireza Pooriamehr, Parviz Sabahi, Hossein Miladi-Gorji
Chronic morphine exposure during puberty increased morphine-induced rewarding effects and sensitization in the next generation. Given the well-known beneficial effects of environmental enrichment on the severity of physical and psychological dependence on morphine, we examined effects of enriched environment during morphine abstinence in morphine dependent parental rats before mating on the anxiety and depressive-like behaviors, and voluntary morphine consumption in their offspring. Paternal and/or maternal rats were injected with bi-daily doses (10mg/kg, 12h intervals) of morphine for 14days followed by rearing in a standard environment (SE) or enriched environment (EE) during 30days of morphine abstinence before mating...
July 17, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706964/residual-stress-distribution-analysis-of-heat-treated-aps-tbc-using-image-based-modelling
#10
Chun Li, Xun Zhang, Ying Chen, James Carr, Simon Jacques, Julia Behnsen, Marco di Michiel, Ping Xiao, Robert Cernik
We carried out a residual stress distribution analysis in a APS TBC throughout the depth of the coatings. The samples were heat treated at 1150 °C for 190 h and the data analysis used image based modelling based on the real 3D images measured by Computed Tomography (CT). The stress distribution in several 2D slices from the 3D model is included in this paper as well as the stress distribution along several paths shown on the slices. Our analysis can explain the occurrence of the "jump" features near the interface between the top coat and the bond coat...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695838/ruptured-pulmonary-cystic-echinococcosis-mimicking-tuberculosis-in-childhood-a-case-report
#11
Elif Ünver Korğalı, Meriç Kaymak Cihan, Özgür Ceylan, Melih Kaptanoğlu
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic disease; in places such as Turkey where livestock is common, it is an endemic health concern. The most commonly involved organ is the lungs in children. Pulmonary cysts can be asymptomatic; in some cases, they may rupture and become symptomatic. Ruptured lung hydatid cysts may often be confused with tuberculosis (Tbc) radiologically and clinically. . In this report, we present an 8-year-old female patient admitted with cough, fever, and sputum persisting since 2 weeks; her chest radiography and computed tomography (CT) findings initially indicated Tbc, but the follow-up surgery led to a diagnosis of ruptured lung CE...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692649/individual-ball-possession-in-soccer
#12
Daniel Link, Martin Hoernig
This paper describes models for detecting individual and team ball possession in soccer based on position data. The types of ball possession are classified as Individual Ball Possession (IBC), Individual Ball Action (IBA), Individual Ball Control (IBC), Team Ball Possession (TBP), Team Ball Control (TBC) und Team Playmaking (TPM) according to different starting points and endpoints and the type of ball control involved. The machine learning approach used is able to determine how long the ball spends in the sphere of influence of a player based on the distance between the players and the ball together with their direction of motion, speed and the acceleration of the ball...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684549/higher-urinary-bisphenol-a-concentration-and-excessive-iodine-intake-are-associated-with-nodular-goiter-and-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#13
Zhenzhen Zhou, Jing Zhang, Fang Jiang, Yan Xie, Xiaochen Zhang, Ling Jiang
In the present study, we investigated whether bisphenol A (BPA) levels and excessive iodine intake were associated with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and nodular goiter (NG). We determined total BPA concentrations (TBC) in paired serum and urine samples, and urinary iodine concentrations (UIC) in urine samples collected from PTC patients, NG patients, and healthy individuals, then compared BPA concentrations and UIC within and between each patient group. The results showed that there were no gender-specific differences in serum TBC and UIC in each group, and no differences across all patient groups...
August 31, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678278/the-role-of-optical-phonons-in-intermediate-layer-mediated-thermal-transport-across-solid-interfaces
#14
Eungkyu Lee, Tengfei Luo
Thermal transport across solid interfaces plays important roles in many applications, especially in the thermal management of modern power electronics. In this study, we use non-equilibrium MD (NEMD) simulations to systematically study a model SiC/GaN interface, which is an important interface in GaN-based power electronics, mated by different intermediate layers (ILs) with the focus on how the atomic masses of the ILs influence the overall thermal conductance. To isolate the mass effect, the Tersoff potential with the same parameters is used to approximate the interatomic interactions between all atoms, with the only differences between materials being their atomic masses...
July 5, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657655/the-effect-of-nail-characteristics-on-surface-bacterial-counts-of-surgical-personnel-before-and-after-scrubbing
#15
Jade M Hardy, Tina J Owen, Steven A Martinez, Lisa P Jones, Margaret A Davis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of nail characteristics on bacterial counts on the fingers of surgery personnel. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized nonblinded controlled crossover study design. SAMPLE POPULATION: Veterinary students, small animal surgery technicians, small animal surgery interns/residents, and small animal surgery faculty in a veterinary teaching hospital (n = 21). METHODS: Subjects were randomized into one of 2 groups; group 1 wore nail polish (P) for 1 week and group 2 (control) had nonpolished (NP) fingernails...
June 28, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631644/evaluation-of-a-new-rapid-kit-bd-mgit-tbc-identification-test-for-confirmation-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-complex
#16
Gandhi Kandhakumari, Selvaraj Stephen
At present, three rapid kits are available globally for the confirmation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) in cultures by MPT64 antigen (MPT64 Ag) detection. These include Capilia TB, SD Bioline, and BD MGIT TBc Identification (TBcID). The third kit is yet to be validated in India. We have tested this kit and compared with SD Bioline using conventional tests as gold standard. Seventy-one MTBC (70 M. tuberculosis and one Mycobacterium bovis) and four nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) were isolated from 649 clinical specimens in MGIT 960 and/or Lowenstein-Jensen slants (LJ)...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602124/composite-scaffolds-of-mineralized-natural-extracellular-matrix-on-true-bone-ceramic-induce-bone-regeneration-through-smad1-5-8-and-erk1-2-pathways
#17
Tingfang Sun, Sheng Yao, Man Liu, Yushi Yang, Yanhui Ji, Wei Cui, Yanzhen Qu, Xiaodong Guo
A stem cell-derived mineralized extracellular matrix (ECM) may be a good strategy to endow scaffolds with a bone microenvironment, thus inducing bone regeneration. However, it also faces some challenges, such as limited number of cells, additional wound for autologous cell isolation, and time consumption of cell expansion. In this study, we designed a novel tissue-derived ECM scaffold fabricated by depositing porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS) ECM on true bone ceramic (TBC), which was followed by mineralization treatment (mSIS/TBC)...
August 15, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589861/evolution-of-translational-bioinformatics-lessons-learned-from-tbc-2016
#18
Kye Hwa Lee, Ju Han Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575021/chinook-salmon-and-green-sturgeon-migrate-through-san-francisco-estuary-despite-large-distortions-in-the-local-magnetic-field-produced-by-bridges
#19
A Peter Klimley, Megan T Wyman, Robert Kavet
Empirical evidence exists that some marine animals perceive and orient to local distortions in the earth's main static geomagnetic field. The magnetic fields produced by undersea electric power cables that carry electricity from hydrokinetic energy sources to shore-based power stations may produce similar local distortions in the earth's main field. Concerns exist that animals migrating along the continental shelves might orient to the magnetic field from the cables, and move either inshore or offshore away from their normal path...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552992/microrna-200b-is-downregulated-in-colon-cancer-budding-cells
#20
Kirsten Nguyen Knudsen, Jan Lindebjerg, Boye Schnack Nielsen, Torben Frøstrup Hansen, Flemming Brandt Sørensen
BACKGROUND: The microRNA-200 (miR-200) family acts as a major suppressor of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Impaired miR-200 expression may lead to EMT initiation and eventually cancer dissemination. The presence of tumor budding cells (TBC) is associated with metastasis and poor prognosis, and molecular similarities to EMT indicate that these cells may reflect ongoing EMT. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of miR-200b in budding cells of colon cancer and the relationship with the EMT-markers E-cadherin, β-catenin and laminin-5γ2...
2017: PloS One
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