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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099374/traumatic-bone-cyst-of-an-anterior-mandible-with-previous-symphyseal-fracture-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-rare-finding-and-etiopathologic-correlation
#1
Kumar Nilesh, Aaditee V Vande, Shivsagar Tewary, K V Suresh
Traumatic bone cysts (TBCs) are uncommon intraosseous lesions, classified as pseudocysts because they lack an epithelial membrane lining. The etiology of a pseudocyst has not been determined. Various hypotheses have been put forward to explain its pathogenesis, of which the traumatic-hemorrhagic theory is the most commonly accepted. Minor trauma, insufficient to cause fracture or iatrogenic injury, is commonly implicated as the stimulus initiating cyst formation. A TBC presenting after jaw fracture has been rarely reported in the literature...
November 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079983/improving-growth-performance-and-health-status-of-meat-type-quail-by-supplementing-the-diet-with-black-cumin-cold-pressed-oil-as-a-natural-alternative-for-antibiotics
#2
Mohamed E Abd El-Hack, Samir A Mahgoub, Mohamed M A Hussein, Islam M Saadeldin
Using antibiotics in poultry diets as growth promoters was reported to have harmful effects on consumers, so the current study was done to monitor the impact of dietary supplementation of antimicrobial black cumin oil (BCO) on carcass traits, growth performance, biochemical components, and ileal microbial populations of growing Japanese quails. Three hundred growing Japanese quails were used with three different treatments (0, 0.50, and 1.0 g BCO/g diet). Birds fed diet supplemented with 0.5 g BCO/kg diet showed significant increase in body weight comparing with the control and other treatment group...
October 27, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079669/let-413-erbin-acts-as-a-rab-5-effector-to-promote-rab-10-activation-during-endocytic-recycling
#3
Hang Liu, Shimin Wang, Weijian Hang, Jinghu Gao, Wenjuan Zhang, Zihang Cheng, Chao Yang, Jun He, Jie Zhou, Juan Chen, Anbing Shi
RAB-10/Rab10 is a master regulator of endocytic recycling in epithelial cells. To better understand the regulation of RAB-10 activity, we sought to identify RAB-10(GDP)-interacting proteins. One novel RAB-10(GDP)-binding partner that we identified, LET-413, is the Caenorhabditis elegans homologue of Scrib/Erbin. Here, we focus on the mechanistic role of LET-413 in the regulation of RAB-10 within the C. elegans intestine. We show that LET-413 is a RAB-5 effector and colocalizes with RAB-10 on endosomes, and the overlap of LET-413 with RAB-10 is RAB-5 dependent...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053241/temperature-dependent-thermal-boundary-conductance-of-monolayer-mos2-by-raman-thermometry
#4
Eilam Yalon, Özgür Burak Aslan, Kirby K H Smithe, Connor J McClellan, Saurabh V Suryavanshi, Feng Xiong, Aditya Sood, Christopher M Neumann, Xiaoqing Xu, Kenneth E Goodson, Tony F Heinz, Eric Pop
The electrical and thermal behavior of nanoscale devices based on two-dimensional (2D) materials is often limited by their contacts and interfaces. Here we report the temperature-dependent thermal boundary conductance (TBC) of monolayer MoS2 with AlN and SiO2, using Raman thermometry with laser-induced heating. The temperature-dependent optical absorption of the 2D material is crucial in such experiments, which we characterize here for the first time above room temperature. We obtain TBC ~ 15 MWm(-2)K(-1) near room temperature, increasing as ~ T(0...
October 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024508/importance-of-an-orchestrate-participation-of-each-individual-residue-present-at-a-catalytic-site
#5
Santanu Das
GTP hydrolysis is indispensable to keep a living cell healthy. Nature has evolved so many enzymes to enhance the slow GTP hydrolysis. Rab GTPases are evolved to regulate vesicle trafficking. GTPase activating proteins (GAPs) accelerates their intrinsic slow GTP hydrolysis in order to maintain the sustainability between cellular events. Any malfunction/interference in this hydrolysis disrupts normal cellular events and causes severe diseases. In this study, GTP hydrolysis mechanism of Rab33B catalyzed by TBC-domain GAP protein Gyp1p has been decoded using extensive ab initio QM/MM metadynamics simulations...
October 12, 2017: Molecular Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019497/tem-nano-moir%C3%A3-evaluation-for-an-invisible-lattice-structure-near-the-grain-interface
#6
Hongye Zhang, Huihui Wen, Zhanwei Liu, Qi Zhang, Huimin Xie
Moiré technique is a powerful, important and effective tool for scientific research, from the nano-scale to the macro-scale, which is essentially the interference between two or more periodic structures with a similar frequency. In this study, an inverse transmission electron microscopy (TEM) nano-Moiré method has been proposed, for the first time, to reconstruct an invisible lattice structure near the grain interface, where only one kind of lattice structure and Moiré fringe were visible in a high resolution TEM (HRTEM) image simultaneously...
October 26, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989073/psychological-features-and-their-relationship-to-movement-based-subgroups-in-people-living-with-low-back-pain
#7
Nicholas V Karayannis, Gwendolen A Jull, Michael K Nicholas, Paul W Hodges
OBJECTIVE: To determine the distribution of higher psychological risk features within movement-based subgroups for people with Low Back Pain (LBP) DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study SETTING: Participants were recruited from physiotherapy clinics and community advertisements. Measures were collected at a university outpatient-based physiotherapy clinic. PARTICIPANTS: 102 people seeking treatment for LBP INTERVENTIONS: Participants were subgrouped according to three classification schemes: Mechanical Diagnosis and Treatment (MDT), Treatment Based Classification (TBC) and O'Sullivan Classification (OSC)...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987537/tuning-the-rheological-properties-of-an-ammonium-methacrylate-copolymer-for-the-design-of-adhesives-suitable-for-transdermal-patches
#8
Gaia M G Quaroni, Chiara G M Gennari, Francesco Cilurzo, Guylaine Ducouret, Costantino Creton, Paola Minghetti
Eudragit® RL (EuRL) matrices have been proposed to release a drug to the skin. However, no information is available on both viscoelastic and adhesive properties of such compositions. This work focuses on the evaluation of both rheological and texture properties of EuRL differently plasticized with tributyl citrate (TBC) or triacetin (TRI) in order to design a pressure sensitive adhesive suitable for transdermal patch preparation. The patch adhesive properties (i.e. tack, peel adhesion and shear adhesion) as well as its in vitro biopharmaceutical performances were determined after loading ibuprofen, ketoprofen or flurbiprofen...
October 5, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982592/human-amyloid-%C3%AE-peptide-and-tau-co-expression-impairs-behavior-and-causes-specific-gene-expression-changes-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#9
Chenyin Wang, Valeria Saar, Ka Lai Leung, Liang Chen, Garry Wong
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the presence of extracellular amyloid plaques consisting of Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) aggregates and neurofibrillary tangles formed by aggregation of hyperphosphorylated microtubule-associated protein tau. We generated a novel invertebrate model of AD by crossing Aβ1-42 (strain CL2355) with either pro-aggregating tau (strain BR5270) or anti-aggregating tau (strain BR5271) pan-neuronal expressing transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans...
October 2, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955082/identification-of-tbc-using-mtp-64-protein-and-cord-formation
#10
Abdul Mannan, Shagufta Iram, Adeel Ahmad, Shahida Hussain, Bilal Munir Ahmad
Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The genus Mycobacterium comprises over 150 species. Non-tuberculosis Mycobacteria are the cause of opportunistic infections and frequently presents with similar clinical features like tuberculosis so species identification is important for management. The current study was designed for presumptive diagnosis of MTB by detecting MPT 64 and Cord formation and the sensitivity and specificity of Cord Formation in MGIT positive samples...
October 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954900/multi-laboratory-evaluation-of-a-novel-lateral-flow-immunochromatographic-assay-for-confirming-isolation-of-mycobacterium-bovis-from-veterinary-diagnostic-specimens
#11
Linda D Stewart, Lyanne McCallan, James McNair, Adrian McGoldrick, Rowan Morris, Jean-Louis Moyen, Lucía De Juan Ferré, Beatriz Romero, Elena Alonso, Sven D C Parsons, Paul Van Helden, Flábio R Araújo, Irene R Grant
A novel lateral flow immunochromatographic device (LFD) was evaluated in several veterinary diagnostic laboratories. It was confirmed to be specific for Mycobacterium bovis and M. caprae cells. The performance of the novel LFD was assessed relative to the confirmatory tests routinely applied after culture (spoligotyping or qPCR) in each laboratory; liquid (MGIT or BacT/Alert) and/or solid (Stonebrink, Coletsos or Lowenstein-Jensen) cultures were tested. In comparison to spoligotyping of acid-fast positive MGIT cultures, percentage agreement between positive LFD and spoligotyping results was excellent in two UK laboratories (97...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867589/maternal-swimming-exercise-during-pregnancy-attenuates-anxiety-depressive-like-behaviors-and-voluntary-morphine-consumption-in-the-pubertal-male-and-female-rat-offspring-born-from-morphine-dependent-mothers
#12
Masoumeh Torabi, Alireza Pooriamehr, Imanollah Bigdeli, Hossein Miladi-Gorji
This study was designed to examine whether maternal swimming exercise during pregnancy would attenuate prenatally morphine-induced anxiety, depression and voluntary consumption of morphine in the pubertal male and female rat offspring. Pregnant rats during the development of morphine dependence were allowed to swim (30-45min/d, 3days per a week) on gestational days 11-18. Then, the pubertal male and female rat offspring were tested for the elevated plus-maze (EPM), sucrose preference test (SPT) and voluntary morphine consumption using a two-bottle choice (TBC) paradigm...
October 17, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862155/osteogenesis-effects-of-strontium-substituted-hydroxyapatite-coatings-on-true-bone-ceramics-surface-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#13
Jingfeng Li, Liang Yang, Xiaodong Guo, Wei Cui, Shuyi Yang, Jianping Wang, Yanzhen Qu, Zengwu Shao, Shuyun Xu
To develop bioactive bone graft materials that can induce rapid bone regeneration, a novel biomaterial was synthesized by coating true bone ceramic (TBC) substrates with strontium-substituted nano-hydroxyapatites (Sr concentrations of 0-10-40-100%) through sol-gel dip-coating approach. All coated TBC scaffolds retained the inherent natural trabecular structure, porosity, compressive strength and simultaneously possessed a micro/ nanotopography SrHA layer on the substrate surface. The dimension of the deposited crystal increased and the density of deposited apatite particles became sparse with increasing Sr content, but an unique HA crystalline phase was observed under all conditions...
September 1, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818277/economics-of-self-measured-blood-pressure-monitoring-a-community-guide-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Verughese Jacob, Sajal K Chattopadhyay, Krista K Proia, David P Hopkins, Jeffrey Reynolds, Anilkrishna B Thota, Christopher D Jones, Daniel T Lackland, Kimberly J Rask, Nicolaas P Pronk, John M Clymer, Ron Z Goetzel
CONTEXT: The health and economic burden of hypertension, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is substantial. This systematic review evaluated the economic evidence of self-measured blood pressure (SMBP) monitoring interventions to control hypertension. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The literature search from database inception to March 2015 identified 22 studies for inclusion with three types of interventions: SMBP used alone, SMBP with additional support, and SMBP within team-based care (TBC)...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800873/transbronchial-lung-cryobiopsy-associated-complications
#15
R Linhas, R Marçôa, A Oliveira, J Almeida, S Neves, S Campainha
INTRODUCTION: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBC) has emerged as a diagnostic alternative to surgical lung biopsy in interstitial lung disease (ILD). Despite its less invasive nature, some associated complications have been described. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate complications of TBC and associated factors. METHODS: Prospective evaluation of all patients with ILD submitted to TBC in our centre. Clinicodemographic variables and factors associated to TBC complications were analyzed...
August 8, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797637/temporal-changes-in-innate-immunity-parameters-epinecidin-gene-expression-and-mortality-in-orange-spotted-grouper-epinephelus-coioides-experimentally-infected-with-a-fish-pathogen-vibrio-harveyi-jml1
#16
Edgar C Amar, Joseph P Faisan, Mary Jane S Apines-Amar, Rolando V Pakingking
Changes in innate immunity parameters and epinecidin mRNA transcript levels were examined to characterize the non-specific immune response of E. coioides to pathogenic V. harveyi JML1 isolated from affected cage-cultured fish. After fish had been injected with bacteria at a dose causing 30% mortality, blood and tissue samples were collected at 0, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, and 240 h post-infection (hpi) for assessment of indices such as the oxidative burst (OB) and phagocytic index (PI) of head kidney cells, and lysozyme activity (LYS) and total immunoglobulin (Total Ig) levels of the plasma...
August 7, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795022/the-potency-of-chicken-egg-yolk-immunoglobulin-igy-specific-as-immunotherapy-to-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection
#17
Sri Agus Sudjarwo, Koerniasari Eraiko, Giftania Wardani Sudjarwo, Koerniasari
The aim of this study was to characterize of chicken egg yolk immunoglobulins (IgYs) specific as immunotherapy to Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) infection. Lohmann laying hens were immunized intramuscularly with antigenic of MTBC. Egg yolk was separated from egg white, and IgY antibody was then purified by multiple polyethylene glycols 6000 extraction and ammonium sulfate purification steps. The IgY anti-MTBC concentration in egg yolk increased at 2 weeks and it reached a maximum at 4 weeks after immunization...
July 2017: Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773894/study-on-stress-development-in-the-phase-transition-layer-of-thermal-barrier-coatings
#18
Yijun Chai, Chen Lin, Xian Wang, Yueming Li
Stress development is one of the significant factors leading to the failure of thermal barrier coating (TBC) systems. In this work, stress development in the two phase mixed zone named phase transition layer (PTL), which grows between the thermally grown oxide (TGO) and the bond coat (BC), is investigated by using two different homogenization models. A constitutive equation of the PTL based on the Reuss model is proposed to study the stresses in the PTL. The stresses computed with the proposed constitutive equation are compared with those obtained with Voigt model-based equation in detail...
September 13, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732733/antibacterial-activities-and-preservative-effect-of-chitosan-oligosaccharide-maillard-reaction-products-on-penaeus-vannamei
#19
Tao Sun, Yingying Qin, Honglei Xu, Jing Xie, Dongmei Hu, Bin Xue, Xinyi Hua
The purpose of this study was to understand the influence of Maillard reaction (MR) on bioactivity of chitosan oligosaccharide (COS). The antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Vibrio parahaemolyticus and preservative effect of two kinds of COS MR products (MRPs) on Penaeus vannamei were evaluated. The structures of CG (MRPs of COS and glucose) and CM (MRPs of COS and maltose) were characterized by FT-IR and their molecular weights were measured by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The results showed that CG has enhanced antibacterial activity and preservative effect compared to COS by evaluating total volatile base-nitrogen (TVB-N), trimethylamine (TMA), pH, total bacterial count (TBC) and sensory evaluation...
December 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729075/effects-of-environmental-enrichment-during-abstinence-in-morphine-dependent-parents-on-anxiety-depressive-like-behaviors-and-voluntary-morphine-consumption-in-rat-offspring
#20
Alireza Pooriamehr, Parviz Sabahi, Hossein Miladi-Gorji
Chronic morphine exposure during puberty increased morphine-induced rewarding effects and sensitization in the next generation. Given the well-known beneficial effects of environmental enrichment on the severity of physical and psychological dependence on morphine, we examined effects of enriched environment during morphine abstinence in morphine dependent parental rats before mating on the anxiety and depressive-like behaviors, and voluntary morphine consumption in their offspring. Paternal and/or maternal rats were injected with bi-daily doses (10mg/kg, 12h intervals) of morphine for 14days followed by rearing in a standard environment (SE) or enriched environment (EE) during 30days of morphine abstinence before mating...
July 17, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
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