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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922075/factors-associated-with-optimal-antenatal-care-use-in-northern-region-ghana
#1
Abdulai Abubakari, Faith Agbozo, Gilbert Abotisem Abiiro
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate the factors associated with optimal use of antenatal care (ANC), that is, four or more times during pregnancy. METHODS: A facility-based cross-sectional survey was conducted between February and August 2014 among nursing mothers (n = 578) attending postnatal and child welfare clinics in three districts in Northern Ghana, representing urban, peri-urban and rural zones. The developed questionnaire aided the collection of information on maternal demographic characteristics, health status, household assets, and ANC attendance...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922061/alanine-aminotransferase-and-total-bilirubin-are-synergistically-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-japanese-women
#2
Ryuichi Kawamoto, Daisuke Ninomiya, Kensuke Senzaki, Teru Kumagi
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with an increased risk of major cardiovascular events. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) at high levels and total bilirubin (T-BiL) at low levels were oxidative potentials, but it was uncertain whether ALT and T-BiL had an additive interaction for the risk of MetS. METHODS: From a single community, we recruited 864 women (70 ± 8 years) during their annual health examination. We cross-sectionally investigated whether ALT and T-BiL are associated with MetS and its components based on the modified criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program's Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP-ATP) III report...
September 18, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922024/the-implementation-of-multiple-interprofessional-integrated-modules-by-health-sciences-faculty-in-chile
#3
Silvana Castillo-Parra, Sandra Oyarzo Torres, Mónica Espinoza Barrios, Ana María Rojas-Serey, Juan Diego Maya, Valeria Sabaj Diez, Verónica Aliaga Castillo, Manuel Castillo Niño, Luis Romero Romero, Jennifer Foster, Gustavo Hawes Barrios
Multiple interprofessional integrated modules (MIIM) 1 and 2 are two required, cross-curricular courses developed by a team of health professions faculty, as well as experts in education, within the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Chile. MIIM 1 focused on virtual cases requiring team decision-making in real time. MIIM 2 focused on a team-based community project. The evaluation of MIIM included student, teacher, and coordinator perspectives. To explore the perceptions of this interprofessional experience quantitative data in the form of standardised course evaluations regarding teaching methodology, interpersonal relations and the course organisation and logistics were gathered...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919797/quality-of-care-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-results-of-a-prospective-controlled-cohort-study-in-germany-netibd
#4
Jana Langbrandtner, Angelika Hüppe, Petra Jessen, Jürgen Büning, Susanna Nikolaus, Heiner Raspe, Bernd Bokemeyer
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) need comprehensive, interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral health care. In Germany, evidence-based care pathways have been developed to improve the quality of care of IBD patients. We aimed to evaluate the effects of the implementation of some of these recommendations on patient-related outcomes. METHODS: In a region of North Germany, outpatients with IBD were recruited by gastroenterologists (intervention group)...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919609/psychiatric-disorders-in-drop-out-from-educational-attainment-attending-mental-health-facilities-a-descriptive-cross-sectional-study
#5
M S Islam, M H Rashid, M N Uddin, R K Singha, M A Rahman, M A Haque, C K Saha, M F Abedin
Studies of the impact of mental disorders on educational attainment are rare. Mental disorders, those beginning in childhood or adolescence may increase the risk of early drop out from education. The latter has been shown to have adverse life-course consequences on individuals such as greater demand on social welfare entitlements. A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out at the department of Psychiatry, Comilla Medical College, Comilla, Bangladesh. All cases were selected from patients attending at Comilla Medical College Hospital and Private Mental Health Facilities in Comilla City from March 2015 to February 2016...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919605/current-trend-of-using-anti-hypertensives-in-pregnancy-and-postpartum-period-in-a-tertiary-level-hospital
#6
M Sultana, S K Saha, A K Sarker, S Khatun, M M Sarker, T Sultana, F Noor, M M Faysal
Hypertensive disorders are one of the most common disorders in pregnancy. They are amongst the major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Incidence is increasing in developing countries like Bangladesh. This cross sectional descriptive study has done to observe the utilization of antihypertensive drugs in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and conducted from January 2016 to December 2016 in the department of Pharmacology in collaboration with department of Gynecology and Obstetrics in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919599/clinico-biochemical-profile-of-women-with-hyperemesis-gravidarum-admitted-in-a-tertiary-hospital
#7
S Kabir, M S Basher, H Akhter, T Latif, S N Akhter, R K Karmoker, S A Shaon, K Ahmed
Hyperemesis gravidarum is the most severe form of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy with poor pregnancy outcome. Hormonal changes, psychological and immunological factors are attributed to the condition. Recently, prevalence of Helicobacter pylori among women with Hyperemesis gravidarum has been revealed. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out at antenatal ward, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh among thirty-six purposively selected patients with Hyperemesis gravidarum to assess the clinic-biochemical profile...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919574/variation-in-generational-perceptions-of-child-health-and-well-being
#8
Gary L Freed, Matthew M Davis, Dianne C Singer, Acham Gebremariam, Sara L Schultz, Amilcar Matos-Moreno, Mark Wietecha
OBJECTIVE: To assess adults' perceptions regarding the health and well-being of children today relative to their own health and well-being as youth and the potential for intergenerational differences in those perceptions. METHODS: A cross-sectional, internet-based survey of a nationally representative household sample. The study was conducted using GfK Custom Research's web-enabled KnowledgePanel®, a probability-based panel representative of the U.S. POPULATION: We assessed perceptions of children's health and well-being today compared to when respondents were growing up including (1) physical and mental health and (2) children's education, exercise, diet, health care, safety of communities and emotional support from families, groups and organizations...
September 12, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919495/physical-exercise-and-cognitive-function-across-the-life-span-results-of-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#9
Beate Gaertner, Amanda K Buttery, Jonas D Finger, Steffen Wolfsgruber, Michael Wagner, Markus A Busch
OBJECTIVES: To examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between physical exercise and cognitive function across different age groups in a nationwide population-based sample of adults aged 18-79 years in Germany. DESIGN: Cross-sectional/prospective. METHODS: Cognitive function was assessed in the mental health module of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1-MH, 2009-2012, n=3535), using a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919432/chronic-pain-and-telomere-length-in-community-dwelling-adults-findings-from-the-1999-2002-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#10
Alta M Steward, Julia D Morgan, Juan P Espinosa, Dennis C Turk, Kushang V Patel
Chronic pain is a common condition associated with psychological distress, functional impairments, and age-associated comorbidity. Preliminary studies, based on relatively small sample sizes, suggest that the combination of chronic pain and stress is associated with telomere shortening, a widely recognized marker of cellular aging. We sought to determine the cross-sectional association of chronic pain with telomere length in 7,816 community-dwelling adults ages 20 and older who participated in the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918308/appropriateness-of-different-pedagogical-approaches-to-road-safety-education-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-dcd
#11
C Purcell, A R Romijn
BACKGROUND: In 2016, 29% of pedestrians killed or seriously injured on the roads in Great Britain were under 15 years of age. Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), a chronic disorder affecting the acquisition and execution of motor skills, may be more vulnerable at the roadside than typically developing (TD) children. Current methods used to teach road safety are typically knowledge-based and do not necessarily improve behaviour in real traffic situations. Virtual reality road crossing tasks may be a viable alternative...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917155/crossing-the-gender-boundaries-the-gender-experiences-of-male-nursing-students-in-initial-nursing-clinical-practice-in-taiwan
#12
Hsing-Yuan Liu, Yun Ling Li
BACKGROUND: The initial nursing clinical practice is the necessary practicum required for nursing students. Because of the changing learning style, many of them are under great pressure for environmental change and therefore their daily routine is severe affected. Interacting directly with patients in a female-dominated occupation, along with the general gender stereotypes, the impact is especially significant to male nursing students than to female nursing students. PURPOSE: The purpose of this preliminary qualitative study is to explore the gendered experiences of male nursing students during their first initial nursing clinical practice...
September 1, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916888/hiv-testing-among-foreign-born-men-and-women-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Eduardo Valverde, Elizabeth DiNenno, Emeka Oraka, Gregory Bautista, Pollyanna Chavez
HIV disproportionately affects the foreign-born population in the United States. This analysis describes the prevalence of ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born individuals residing in the United States. Data from a national health survey of the civilian, non-institutionalized population was used to describe prevalence of ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born individuals by birth place. Multivariate logistic-regression procedures were used to determine factors associated with ever-testing for HIV among foreign-born men and women...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916268/prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-portugal-results-from-the-first-portuguese-health-examination-survey-insef-2015
#14
Vânia Gaio, Liliana Antunes, Sónia Namorado, Marta Barreto, Ana Gil, Irina Kyslaya, Ana Paula Rodrigues, Ana Santos, Linn Bøhler, Emília Castilho, Patrícia Vargas, Isabel do Carmo, Baltazar Nunes, Carlos Matias Dias
Obesity is recognised as a serious public health issue, due to its associated morbidity and mortality. This study aimed at estimating the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the Portuguese population through direct measurements obtained by the 1st National Health Examination Survey (INSEF 2015) and to identify its associated sociodemographic factors. INSEF was a nationally representative cross-sectional prevalence study conducted on 4911 Portuguese adults aged 25-74 years, in 2015. Height and weight were measured according to the European Health Examination Survey procedures...
September 12, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915991/adolescent-and-parental-reactions-to-puberty-in-nigeria-and-kenya-a-cross-cultural-and-intergenerational-comparison
#15
Bamidele M Bello, Adesegun O Fatusi, Oluwatomi E Adepoju, Beatrice W Maina, Caroline W Kabiru, Marni Sommer, Kristin Mmari
PURPOSE: This qualitative study assesses the cross-cultural and intergenerational reactions of young adolescents and parents to puberty in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, and Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Sixty-six boys and girls (aged 11-13 years) and their parents participated in narrative interviews conducted in English or local languages in two urban poor settings in Ile-Ife and Nairobi. All interviews were recorded, transcribed, translated, and uploaded into Atlas.ti software for coding and analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915912/the-role-of-self-control-and-cognitive-functioning-in-educational-inequalities-in-adolescent-smoking-and-binge-drinking
#16
Lisa E M Davies, Mirte A G Kuipers, Marianne Junger, Anton E Kunst
BACKGROUND: Large differences in substance use between educational levels originate at a young age, but there is limited evidence explaining these inequalities. The aim of this study was to test whether a) smoking and binge drinking are associated with lower levels of self-control and cognitive functioning, and b) associations between educational track and smoking and binge drinking, respectively, are attenuated after controlling for self-control and cognitive functioning. METHODS: This study used cross-sectional survey data of 15 to 20-year-olds (N = 191) from low, middle, and high educational tracks...
September 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915896/placental-malaria-and-its-effect-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-sudanese-women-from-blue-nile-state
#17
Samia A Omer, Hagir E Idress, Ishag Adam, Mutasim Abdelrahim, Ali N Noureldein, Abdelrahim M Abdelrazig, Mohammed O Elhassan, Suad M Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Malaria infection during pregnancy can result in placental malaria and is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes particularly among primigravidae. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for placental malaria and its effect on pregnancy outcomes in Blue Nile state, Sudan. METHODS: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted consecutively during January 2012-December 2015 in three main hospitals in Blue Nile State, Sudan...
September 16, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915402/complete-immunization-coverage-and-its-determinants-among-children-in-malaysia-findings-from-the-national-health-and-morbidity-survey-nhms-2016
#18
K K Lim, Y Y Chan, A Noor Ani, J Rohani, Z A Siti Norfadhilah, M R Santhi
OBJECTIVES: The success of the Expanded Program on Immunization among children will greatly reduce the burden of illness and disability from vaccine preventable diseases. The aim of the study was to evaluate the complete immunization coverage and its determinants among children aged 12-23 months in Malaysia. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data on immunization were extracted from the 2016 National Health and Morbidity Survey...
September 12, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915274/prevalence-of-mind-and-body-exercises-mbe-in-relation-to-demographics-self-rated-health-and-purchases-of-prescribed-psychotropic-drugs-and-analgesics
#19
Lina Rådmark, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Eva Bojner Horwitz, Walter Osika
This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not. METHODS: The study includes 3,913 men and 4,803 women aged 20-72 who participated in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The respondents were divided into three groups depending on frequency of MBE practice (never/seldom/often)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914185/power-potential-and-pitfalls-in-global-health-academic-partnerships-review-and-reflections-on-an-approach-in-nepal
#20
David Citrin, Stephen Mehanni, Bibhav Acharya, Lena Wong, Isha Nirola, Rekha Sherchan, Bikash Gauchan, Khem Bahadur Karki, Dipendra Raman Singh, Sriram Shamasunder, Phuoc Le, Dan Schwarz, Ryan Schwarz, Binod Dangal, Santosh Kumar Dhungana, Sheela Maru, Ramesh Mahar, Poshan Thapa, Anant Raut, Mukesh Adhikari, Indira Basnett, Shankar Prasad Kaluanee, Grace Deukmedjian, Scott Halliday, Duncan Maru
BACKGROUND: Global health academic partnerships are centered around a core tension: they often mirror or reproduce the very cross-national inequities they seek to alleviate. On the one hand, they risk worsening power dynamics that perpetuate health disparities; on the other, they form an essential response to the need for healthcare resources to reach marginalized populations across the globe. OBJECTIVES: This study characterizes the broader landscape of global health academic partnerships, including challenges to developing ethical, equitable, and sustainable models...
2017: Global Health Action
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