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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636131/state-trait-and-dental-anxiety-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-disabilities
#1
Roberto Carlos Mourão Pinho, André Cavalcante da Silva Barbosa, Arnaldo de França Caldas-Júnior, Márcia Maria Vendiciano Barbosa Vasconcelos, Renata Cimões, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Dos Santos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare state anxiety, trait anxiety, and dental anxiety in caregivers of patients with special needs and caregivers of pediatric patients without special needs at dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional study was conducted. Data were collected using a semistructured questionnaire. All respondents were older than 18 years of age. Individuals with cognitive impairment and those taking anxiolytics, antidepressants, or sleep-inducing medication were excluded from the study...
June 21, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636116/curriculum-content-and-assessment-of-pre-clinical-dental-skills-a-survey-of-undergraduate-dental-education-in-europe
#2
J Field, S Stone, C Orsini, A Hussain, S Vital, A Crothers, D Walmsley
INTRODUCTION: Since 1981, the qualifications for various healthcare professionals across the European Union have enjoyed mutual recognition in accordance with the EU Directive 81/1057/EEC. Whilst the directive includes dental practitioners, it is recognised that significant variation exists in curriculum structure, content and scope of practice across institutions. This article aimed to explore pan-European practice in relation to curriculum content, teaching and learning strategies and assessment of pre-clinical dental skills...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635299/prevalence-and-geographic-variations-of-polypharmacy-among-west-virginia-medicaid-beneficiaries
#3
Xue Feng, Xi Tan, Brittany Riley, Tianyu Zheng, Thomas K Bias, James B Becker, Usha Sambamoorthi
BACKGROUND: West Virginia (WV) residents are at high risk for polypharmacy given its considerable chronic disease burdens. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence, correlates, outcomes, and geographic variations of polypharmacy among WV Medicaid beneficiaries. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed 2009-2010 WV Medicaid fee-for-service (FFS) claims data for adults aged 18-64 (N=37,570). We defined polypharmacy as simultaneous use of drugs from five or more different drug classes on a daily basis for at least 60 consecutive days in one year...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635139/improving-precision-of-ability-estimation-getting-more-from-response-times
#4
Maria Bolsinova, Jesper Tijmstra
By considering information about response time (RT) in addition to response accuracy (RA), joint models for RA and RT such as the hierarchical model (van der Linden, 2007) can improve the precision with which ability is estimated over models that only consider RA. The hierarchical model, however, assumes that only the person's speed is informative of ability. This assumption of conditional independence between RT and ability given speed may be violated in practice, and ignores collateral information about ability that may be present in the residual RTs...
June 21, 2017: British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635074/do-sleep-disturbances-mediate-the-association-between-work-family-conflict-and-depressive-symptoms-among-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Yuan Zhang, Jeanne F Duffy, Elizabeth Ronan de Castillero
INTRODUCTION: Depression has been identified as the leading cause of disability worldwide. Nurses report higher rates of depression than the general public. Work-family conflict is challenging for nurses and may lead to depression and poor health. However, the mechanisms for the effect of work-family conflict on depression haven't been well understood. AIM: The objective is to use a cross-sectional design to examine the role of sleep disturbances in the association between work-family conflict and depressive symptoms in nurses...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634778/how-are-socio-demographic-and-psycho-social-factors-associated-with-the-prevalence-and-chronicity-of-severe-pain-in-14%C3%A2-different-body-sites-a%C3%A2-cross-sectional-population-based-survey
#6
Thomas Ernst Dorner, Katharina Viktoria Stein, Julia Hahne, Florian Wepner, Martin Friedrich, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz
BACKGROUND: Severe pain and chronic pain have a high impact on individuals and society. Body location of pain is important with regard to perception, articulation, and underlying biological, mental or social causes of pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed in the general Austrian population with 15,474 personally interviewed subjects aged 15 years and older. RESULTS: The 1‑year period prevalence of severe pain in any body site was 38...
June 20, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634490/associations-of-pet-ownership-with-older-adults-eating-patterns-and-health
#7
Roschelle Heuberger
Pet ownership has been shown to improve quality of life for older adults. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to compare older pet owners and older non-pet owners and assess differences between groups. This study was conducted on adults over 50 years of age, who owned either one cat or one dog versus nonowners based on age, race, gender, and education. Matched older pet owners (OPO) versus non-pet owners (NPO) pairs (n = 84), older cat owners (OCO) versus non-cat owners (NCO) (n = 29), and older dog owners (ODO) versus non-dog owners (NDO) pairs (n = 55) were analyzed...
2017: Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633689/the-relationship-between-community-nutritionists-use-of-policy-systems-and-environmental-strategies-to-prevent-obesity-and-its-determinants-depends-on-networking
#8
Angela H Lu, Katherine L Dickin, Mark A Constas, Jamie S Dollahite
OBJECTIVE: To apply the Theory of Planned Behaviour to examine the relationship between the constructs of background factors and beliefs towards using policy, systems and environmental (PSE) strategies and reported use of PSE strategies to prevent obesity by a group of professional nutrition educators. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using self-reported survey. SETTING: Cooperative Extension in New York, USA. SUBJECTS: Nutrition educators (n 58); survey response rate 100 %...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633687/facilitators-and-barriers-experienced-by-federal-cross-sector-partners-during-the-implementation-of-a-healthy-eating-campaign
#9
Melissa Anne Fernandez, Sophie Desroches, Marie Marquis, Mylène Turcotte, Véronique Provencher
OBJECTIVE: To identify facilitators and barriers that Health Canada's (HC) cross-sector partners experienced while implementing the Eat Well Campaign: Food Skills (EWC; 2013-2014) and describe how these experiences might differ according to distinct partner types. DESIGN: A qualitative study using hour-long semi-structured telephone interviews conducted with HC partners that were transcribed verbatim. Facilitators and barriers were identified inductively and analysed according partner types...
June 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633673/the-influence-of-total-hysterectomy-in-a-cervical-cancer-screening-population-a-register-based-cross-sectional-study
#10
Mette Bach Larsen, Ellen M Mikkelsen, Ulla Jeppesen, Hans Svanholm, Berit Andersen
BACKGROUND: High coverage of a screening program is essential to program success. Many European screening programs cover only 10-80% of their target population. A possible explanation for the low coverage may be that some women in the screening population have had a total hysterectomy, thus they are not at risk of cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of hysterectomy in the target population of the Danish National Cervical Cancer Screening Program (NCCSP) and to recalculate coverage after excluding women with total hysterectomy...
June 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633484/disparities-in-cigarette-smoking-and-use-of-other-tobacco-products-in-minnesota-2003-14
#11
Raymond G Boyle, Joanne D'silva, Cassandra A Stanton, Charles Carusi, Zhiqun Tang
Background: Despite efforts to reduce disadvantages across society, widening health disparities have been observed in Minnesota. This research examined whether observed declines in state-wide smoking prevalence were experienced equally by all adults with varying educational attainment. Methods: Serial cross-sectional data from the 2003, 2007, 2010 and 2014 Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey (MATS) were analyzed. Weighted regression analyses for smoking status, time to first cigarette, cigarettes per day and non-cigarette other tobacco products (OTP) were conducted across education levels...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632766/associations-between-anthropometric-parameters-and-lipid-profiles-in-chinese-individuals-with-age-%C3%A2-40-years-and-bmi-28kg-m2
#12
Zhi Yang, Xun Ding, Jiang Liu, Peng Duan, Lian Si, Binghua Wan, Ping Tu
BACKGROUND: Lipid abnormalities are associated with overweight and obesity. Some simple anthropometric measurements such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), may link to increased risk of dyslipidemia. However, diverse results were found in different population studies. We focused on the associations between these measurements and dyslipidemia in non-obese (BMI <28kg/m2) population aged more than 40 years. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Cross-sectional study of 4185 non-obese adults aged more than 40 years was conducted in Nanchang, Jiangxi province, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632319/child-shyness-and-peer-likeability-the-moderating-role-of-pragmatics-and-vocabulary
#13
Hoi Shan Cheung, John M Elliott
The association between shyness and children's likeability by peers was examined, with pragmatic difficulty and receptive and expressive vocabularies as moderators. Participants were 164 preschoolers (72 boys, 92 girls) between 52 and 79 months old in Singapore. A cross-informant methodology was used, with peers and teachers contributing to separate peer likeability ratings. The findings highlighted a conceptual distinction between peer- and teacher-rated likeability by peers. For the latter only, a 3-way interaction involving shyness, vocabulary, and pragmatic difficulty was found, indicating that for shy children with low vocabulary scores, those who experienced less pragmatic difficulty tended to be seen by teachers as more well-liked by peers than those with more pragmatic difficulty...
June 20, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632252/improving-oncology-nurses-knowledge-about-nutrition-and-physical-activity-for-cancer-survivors
#14
Merel R van Veen, Meeke Hoedjes, Joline J Versteegen, Nienke van de Meulengraaf-Wilhelm, Ellen Kampman, Sandra Beijer
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To assess what percentage of oncology nurses perceived themselves as having insufficient knowledge to provide advice on nutrition and/or physical activity (PA), which characteristics were associated with nurses' perception, and whether the content and information sources differed among those nurses.
. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: A web-based survey among oncology nurses in the Netherlands.
. SAMPLE: 355 oncology nurses provided advice on nutrition; of these, 327 provided advice on PA...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632192/coverage-and-influencing-determinants-of-influenza-vaccination-in-elderly-patients-in-a-country-with-a-poor-vaccination-implementation
#15
Maria Ganczak, Karolina Gil, Marcin Korzeń, Marta Bażydło
The seasonal influenza vaccination uptake of the elderly in Poland is one of the lowest in Europe. Objective: to assess the vaccination coverage and influencing determinants in patients ≥65 years of age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted (November 2015-April 2016) among consecutive patients admitted to a municipal hospital located in the city of Szczecin, North-west Poland. Patients completed researcher-administered, anonymous questionnaires on socio- demographic data/factors related to the vaccination...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632175/physical-fitness-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-or-diet-what-are-the-correlates-of-obesity-in-polish-school-children
#16
Stanisław H Czyż, Abel L Toriola, Wojciech Starościak, Marek Lewandowski, Yvonne Paul, Adewale L Oyeyemi
There is substantial evidence of rising prevalence of overweight and obesity and its co-morbidities among children in western-high income developed countries. In the European Union, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing fastest among Polish children. Yet, there is paucity of evidence on the relationship of behavioral factors with body weight status of children in Poland. This study examined the association of obesity with physical fitness, physical activity, sedentary behavior and diet among Polish children...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631524/the-association-between-social-jetlag-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-general-population-the-new-hoorn-study
#17
Anitra D M Koopman, Simone P Rauh, Esther van 't Riet, Lenka Groeneveld, Amber A van der Heijden, Petra J Elders, Jacqueline M Dekker, Giel Nijpels, Joline W Beulens, Femke Rutters
Only a few studies have investigated the metabolic consequences of social jetlag. Therefore, we examined the association of social jetlag with the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus in a population-based cohort. We used cross-sectional data from the New Hoorn Study cohort ( n = 1585, 47% men, age 60.8 ± 6 years). Social jetlag was calculated as the difference in midpoint sleep (in hours) between weekdays and weekend days. Poisson and linear regression models were used to study the associations, and age was regarded as a possible effect modifier...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Rhythms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631493/awareness-and-misperceptions-of-hospice-and-palliative-care-a-population-based-survey-study
#18
Ariel Shalev, Veerawat Phongtankuel, Elissa Kozlov, Megan Johnson Shen, Ronald D Adelman, M C Reid
BACKGROUND: Despite the documented benefits of palliative and hospice care on improving patients' quality of life, these services remain underutilized. Multiple factors limit the utilization of these services, including patients' and caregivers' lack of knowledge and misperceptions. OBJECTIVES: To examine palliative and hospice care awareness, misperceptions, and receptivity among community-dwelling adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: New York State residents ≥18 years old who participated in the 2016 Empire State Poll...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631047/periodontal-disease-in-chinese-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Qiuxiang Zhang, Xiaoli Zhang, Guijaun Feng, Ting Fu, Rulan Yin, Lijuan Zhang, Xingmei Feng, Liren Li, Zhifeng Gu
Disease of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and periodontal disease (PD) shares the common multiple characteristics. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease in Chinese SLE patients and to determine the association between SLE features and periodontal parameters. A cross-sectional study of 108 SLE patients together with 108 age- and sex-matched healthy controls was made. Periodontal status was conducted by two dentists independently. Sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, medication use, and clinical parameters were also assessed...
June 19, 2017: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630874/mental-and-reproductive-health-correlates-of-academic-performance-among-debre-berhan-university-female-students-ethiopia-the-case-of-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder
#20
Sisay Mulugeta Alemu, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Yohannes Gebreegziabhere Haile
BACKGROUND: Globally 3 to 8% of reproductive age women are suffering from premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Several mental and reproductive health-related factors cause low academic achievement during university education. However, limited data exist in Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to investigate mental and reproductive health correlates of academic performance. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted with 667 Debre Berhan University female students from April to June 2015...
2017: BioMed Research International
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