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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923154/socioeconomic-position-john-henryism-and-incidence-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-finnish-men
#1
Mahasin S Mujahid, Sherman A James, George A Kaplan, Jukka T Salonen
Previous cross-sectional studies examining whether John Henryism (JH), or high-effort coping with socioeconomic adversity, potentiates the inverse association between socioeconomic position (SEP) and cardiovascular health have focused mainly on hypertension in African Americans. We conducted the first longitudinal test of this hypothesis on incident acute myocardial infarction (AMI) using data from the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study in Finland (N = 1405 men, 42-60 years). We hypothesized that the expected inverse gradient between SEP and AMI risk would be stronger for men scoring high on JH than for those scoring low...
November 25, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923150/an-analysis-of-alumni-performance-a-study-of-the-quality-of-nursing-education
#2
Serap Altuntaş, Ülkü Baykal
BACKGROUND: The professional performance level of their alumni is one of the quality indicators of educational institutions. Nursing education institutions can use their alumni's performance analysis results to enhance their curricula, eliminate deficiencies, improve the quality of education and graduate more highly qualified nurses. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional and comparative study, which aimed to determine the professional performances of nurses who graduated from the same nursing faculty...
November 29, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923102/pain-treatment-continues-to-be-inaccessible-for-many-patients-around-the-globe-second-phase-of-opioid-price-watch-a-cross-sectional-study-to-monitor-the-prices-of-opioids
#3
Tania Pastrana, Roberto Wenk, Lukas Radbruch, Ebtesam Ahmed, Liliana De Lima
BACKGROUND: Strong opioids are a cornerstone of pain treatment, of which morphine is considered an essential analgesic by the World Health Organization. Access to opioids is limited, due to restrictive laws, limited education, and high prices. This is the second phase of a global project to monitor and report the dispensing price of opioids with the specific aim to expand and increase the information and allow further analysis of the challenges in their availability and affordability...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923091/association-between-learning-environment-interventions-and-medical-student-well-being-a-systematic-review
#4
Lauren T Wasson, Amberle Cusmano, Laura Meli, Irene Louh, Louise Falzon, Meghan Hampsey, Geoffrey Young, Jonathan Shaffer, Karina W Davidson
Importance: Concerns exist about the current quality of undergraduate medical education and its effect on students' well-being. Objective: To identify best practices for undergraduate medical education learning environment interventions that are associated with improved emotional well-being of students. Data Sources: Learning environment interventions were identified by searching the biomedical electronic databases Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and ERIC from database inception dates to October 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922724/antenatal-breastfeeding-education-for-increasing-breastfeeding-duration
#5
REVIEW
Pisake Lumbiganon, Ruth Martis, Malinee Laopaiboon, Mario R Festin, Jacqueline J Ho, Mohammad Hakimi
BACKGROUND: Breast milk is well recognised as the best food source for infants. The impact of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education on the duration of BF has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of antenatal breastfeeding (BF) education for increasing BF initiation and duration. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth's Trials Register on 1 March 2016, CENTRAL (The Cochrane Library, 2016, Issue 3), MEDLINE (1966 to 1 March 2016) and Scopus (January 1985 to 1 March 2016)...
December 6, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922624/association-of-pain-social-support-and-socioeconomic-indicators-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran
#6
Z Khazaeipour, E Ahmadipour, V Rahimi-Movaghar, F Ahmadipour, A R Vaccaro, B Babakhani
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: Pain is a prevalent complication of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). Our objective was to examine the association between social support, socioeconomic factors and psychosocial factors and pain to develop more effective management strategies. SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research (BASIR) Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The Persian version of the Brief Pain Inventory was used to measure the pain, and the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support was used to measure social support through structured face-to-face interviews in SCI individuals...
December 6, 2016: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922582/-knowledge-and-perception-about-tuberculosis-among-public-transport-workers-in-lima-peru
#7
Danitza Lukac, Octavio Garaycochea, Alvaro Taype-Rondan, Laura Luque Bustamante, André Mujica-Vasquez, Dario Zamora
OBJECTIVES: To describe the level of knowledge and perception of tuberculosis among public transport workers attending Road Safety Education courses in Lima, Peru. METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional, analytic study was conducted between July and August 2014 in public transport workers attending the courses of Road Safety education. In Lima, such courses are mandatory for workers in the public transport area. An anonymous and voluntary survey was applied to obtain the following variables: sociodemographic characteristics, history of tuberculosis, tuberculosis knowledge and attitudes towards the disease...
November 23, 2016: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922291/sexual-satisfaction-among-involuntarily-childless-women-a-cross-cultural-study-in-italy-and-brazil
#8
Paola Gremigni, Giulia Casu, Victor Mantoani Zaia, Maria Geralda Viana Heleno, Ciro Conversano, Caio Parente Barbosa
Infertility has been negatively associated with sexual satisfaction. This study aimed to estimate the relation of infertility to sexual satisfaction from a cross-cultural perspective, comparing Italian and Brazilian women. Between June 2012 and January 2013, 528 women seeking Assisted Reproduction Technology (ART) treatment in Italy (39%) or Brazil (61%) completed self-reports of sexual satisfaction (ISS) and infertility-related stress in the marital domain (IRS). IRS was the same across countries, ISS differed, with 34...
December 6, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922142/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-caregiver-dependence-among-older-adults-in-a-southeast-asian-population
#9
Louisa Picco, Edimansyah Abdin, Janhavi A Vaingankar, Shirlene Pang, Saleha Shafie, Rajeswari Sambasivam, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
INTRODUCTION: Currently very little is known about the prevalence or magnitude of caregiver dependence in Singapore and thus, there is a need to fill this gap in this multiethnic ageing population. This study aims to determine the prevalence and risk factors of caregiver dependence among older adults in Singapore. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were used from the Well-being of the Singapore Elderly (WiSE) study, a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey among Singapore residents aged 60 years and above...
November 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922121/sex-differences-in-prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-carotid-plaque-among-adults-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-rural-china
#10
Wei Zhao, Yanan Wu, Min Shi, Lingling Bai, Jun Tu, Zaiyu Guo, Rongcai Jiang, Jianning Zhang, Xianjia Ning, Jinghua Wang
Although the associations between carotid plaque and cardiovascular disease risk factors have been identified in previous studies, there is limited information on sex-related differences in factors associated with the development of carotid plaque. We aimed to determine sex differences in the prevalence of carotid plaque and associated risk factors in rural China. A total of 3,789 subjects aged ≥45 years without history of stroke or cardiovascular disease were recruited to the study. B-mode ultrasonography was performed to determine the presence of carotid plaque...
December 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920613/core-and-complementary-chiropractic-lowering-barriers-to-patient-utilization-of-services
#11
John J Triano, Marion McGregor
OBJECTIVE: The use of chiropractic services has stalled while interest in accessing manipulation services is rising. The purpose of this paper is to consider this dilemma in the context of the dynamics of professional socialization, surveys of public attitudes, and a potential strategic action. DISCUSSION: This is a reflection work grounded in the literature on professional socialization and the attitudes held regarding chiropractic in modern society, to include its members, and in original data on training programs...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920535/prevalence-of-alcohol-use-disorders-and-associated-factors-among-people-with-epilepsy-attending-amanuel-mental-specialized-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#12
Tsegereda Waja, Jemal Ebrahim, Zegeye Yohannis, Asres Bedaso
INTRODUCTION: Alcohol use disorders represent one of the leading causes of preventable death, illness, and injury in many societies throughout the world. Heavy alcohol consumption has multiple negative consequences for people with epilepsy such as precipitation of seizure, exacerbation of seizure, poor seizure control, increased side effects of antiepileptic drugs, noncompliance to antiepileptic drugs, alcohol withdrawal seizures, long-term hospital admission, status epilepticus, sudden unexpected death, and premature mortality...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920349/factors-associated-with-physical-activity-in-latina-women-a-systematic-review
#13
Marlene Tovar, Janiece L Walker, Lynn Rew
The purpose of this systemic literature review is to unveil a greater understanding of Physical Activity in Latinas. We used PubMed and PsycInfo databases to search for articles published between 1991 and August 2016, examining physical activity and its correlates exclusively in adult Latinas. Only 21 primary studies met the inclusion criteria. Although physical activity derives from body movements in various domains, the leisure domain led the focus of research interest. The use of self-reports, cross-sectional design, and the ecological framework predominated...
December 5, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920269/same-care-different-populations-return-to-learn-practices-following-concussion-in-primary-and-secondary-schools
#14
Laura S Blackwell, Anna F Robinson, Mark R Proctor, Alex M Taylor
The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of Massachusetts school nurses examining return-to-learn practices for children recovering from concussion in prekindergarten through high school. Regardless of school setting, all students received academic accommodations to support learning during recovery. School nurses perceived less benefit to prolonged cognitive rest (>4 days) for high school students relative to students in elementary school, but provided academic accommodations to them for comparatively longer periods of time (10-14 days vs 6-10 days)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919841/prevalence-of-non-adherence-to-highly-active-antiretroviral-therapy-and-its-related-clinical-and-therapeutic-factors-in-ouagadougou-burkina-faso
#15
O Guira, D S R Kaboré, G Dao, N Zagré, T M Zohoncon, V Pietra, J Simporé
: Introduction : Non-adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy is deleterious in HIV/AIDS programs. This study contributes to the identification of its frequency and of the clinical and therapeutic factors that determine it. Material and methods : This cross-sectional study took place from December 15, 2013, to February 18, 2014, at the Saint Camille health care center and the Pietro Annigoni biomolecular research center in Ouagadougou. It includes adults who had been receiving antiretroviral therapy for at least three months and agreed to participate...
December 5, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919439/associations-between-physical-activity-and-semen-quality-in-young-healthy-men
#16
Paweł Jóźków, Marek Mędraś, Felicja Lwow, Aleksandra Zagrodna, Małgorzata Słowińska-Lisowska
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the level of everyday physical activity is associated with semen quality in young men. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Universities, clubs, and societies. PATIENT(S): Young healthy men (aged 18-35 years) with unknown fertility (n = 177). INTERVENTIONS(S): Collection of data on medical history, lifestyle factors (physical activity, nutrition, addictions), and environmental threats (exposure of gonads to cellular phones, laptops)...
December 2, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919233/sexual-health-questions-included-in-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-study-an-international-methodological-pilot-investigation
#17
Honor Young, András Költő, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Nathalie Moreau, Lorraine Burke, Alina Cosma, Béat Windlin, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn, Emmanuelle Godeau
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the methodological developments of the sexual health items included in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study since their mandatory inclusion in the study in 2002. The current methodological, ethical and pedagogical challenges in measuring young people's sexual health behaviours are discussed along with the issues associated with the sexual health items introduced to the HBSC study in 2002. The development and piloting of new cross-national items for use in the 2013/14 HBSC data collection are presented and discussed...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918904/nursing-students-perceptions-of-the-qualities-of-a-clinical-facilitator-that-enhance-learning
#18
Linda Sweet, Julie Broadbent
There is a wealth of research investigating the role of the clinical facilitator and the student experience of clinical education. However, there is a paucity of recent research reviewing the students' perspectives of facilitators' qualities that influence their learning. This paper explores undergraduate nursing students' perceptions of the qualities of a clinical facilitator that enhanced their learning. The study was designed as a cross-sectional survey. A total of 452 third year nursing students at one Australian University were invited to participate...
November 29, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918903/a-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-utrecht-work-engagement-scale-for-students-in-a-chinese-sample
#19
Lina Meng, Yi Jin
BACKGROUND: Educational institutions play an important role in encouraging students' engagement with course work. Educators are finding instruments to measure students' engagement in order to develop strategies to improve it. Little is known about the factor structure of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale for Students among Chinese nursing students. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to examine the factor structure of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale for Students via confirmatory factor analysis...
November 26, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918891/the-socioeconomic-within-gender-gap-in-informal-caregiving-among-middle-aged-women-evidence-from-a-japanese-nationwide-survey
#20
Mutsumi Tokunaga, Hideki Hashimoto
Caregiving to older people with needs has been mainly dependent on informal care provision by female caregivers. Compared with the care burden gender gap, the within-gender gap in women's socioeconomic status (SES) has attracted less policy attention. We investigated the association between middle-aged women's SES and the likelihood of being a primary caregiver for elderly informal care, focusing on household income, women's marital status, work status, and educational background under the universal and public system of formal long-term care provision in Japan...
November 28, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
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