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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155858/time-trends-of-comparative-self-rated-health-in-adults-aged-25-34-in-the-northern-sweden-monica-study-1990-2014
#1
Mattias Waller Lidström, Patrik Wennberg, Robert Lundqvist, Annika Forssén, Göran Waller
Self-rated health (SRH) accounts comprehensively for many health domains. The aim of this paper was to investigate time trends and associations between age-comparative self-rated health and some known determinants in a general population aged 24-34 years. Population-based cross-sectional surveys were performed in 1990, 1994, 1999, 2004, 2009 and 2014 in Northern Sweden. Out of 3500 invited persons, 1811 responded. Comparative SRH was measured on a three-grade ordinal scale by the question: "How would you assess your general health condition compared to persons of your own age?" with the alternatives "better/worse/similar"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155847/context-and-culture-associated-with-alcohol-use-amongst-youth-in-major-urban-cities-a-cross-country-population-based-survey
#2
Anne W Taylor, Bridgette M Bewick, Alfred B Makanjuola, Ling Qian, Valentina V Kirzhanova, Paulo Alterwain
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption patterns are dependent upon culture and context. The aim of this study was to interview people aged 18-34 year old living in four cities in different regions of the world to explore differences in a range of alcohol measures to assist in determining culturally appropriate alcohol initiatives for this age group. METHOD: Multistage random sampling was consistent across the four cities (Ilorin (Nigeria), Wuhan (China), Montevideo (Uruguay) and Moscow (Russia))...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154886/personality-and-attitudinal-correlates-of-meat-consumption-results-of-two-representative-german-samples
#3
Tamara M Pfeiler, Boris Egloff
The vast amount of meat consumed in the Western world is critically discussed with regard to negative health consequences, environmental impact, and ethical concerns for animals, emphasizing the need to extend knowledge regarding the correlates of meat consumption in the general population. In the present article, we conducted two studies examining the associations between meat consumption and personality traits, political attitudes, and environmental attitudes in two large German representative samples (Ntotal = 8,879, aged 18-96 years)...
November 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154304/assessment-of-work-engagement-among-dentists-in-hyderabad
#4
Madhuri Mukkavilli, Suhas Kulkarni, Dolar Doshi, Srikanth Reddy, Padma Reddy, Sahithi Reddy
BACKGROUND: Work engagement has been conceptualized as a relatively stable phenomenon, partly explained by the presence of specific job and organizational characteristics. Work engagement is important to the dental workforce worldwide, and the lack of it has been known to cause burnout. Positivity among dentists is essential as it is directly proportional to the patient's satisfaction towards the dental care. OBJECTIVE: To assess work engagement among dentists in the city of Hyderabad, India...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154303/factors-associated-with-participation-on-the-competitive-labour-market-of-people-with-visual-impairments-in-the-netherlands
#5
Yvonne H H Goertz, Inge Houkes, Frans J N Nijhuis, Hans Bosma
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, the employment rate of people with visual impairments (PVIs) is lower than that of the general working-age population. To improve the employment rate of this group, there is a need for knowledge about differences in modifiable factors between working and non-working PVIs. OBJECTIVE: To identify modifiable factors associated with participation on the competitive labour market of PVIs. Based on the findings, we aim to develop an individual assessment instrument for determining the odds of labour market success of PVIs...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154114/prevalence-and-predictors-of-phthalate-exposure-in-pregnant-women-in-charleston-sc
#6
Abby G Wenzel, John W Brock, Lori Cruze, Roger B Newman, Elizabeth R Unal, Bethany J Wolf, Stephen E Somerville, John R Kucklick
Phthalates are plasticizers commonly detected in human urine due to widespread exposure from PVC plastics, food packaging, and personal care products. Several phthalates are known antiandrogenic endocrine disruptors, which raises concern for prenatal exposure during critical windows of fetal development. While phthalate exposure is ubiquitous, certain demographics are subject to greater or lesser exposure. We sampled urine from 378 pregnant women during the second trimester of gestation living in Charleston, SC, and measured eight urinary phthalate metabolites as biomarkers of phthalate exposure: monobutyl phthalate (MBP), monobenzyl phthalate (MBzP), mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP), mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP), mono(2-ethyl-5-hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP), monoethyl phthalate (MEP), monoisobutyl phthalate (MiBP), and monomethyl phthalate (MMP)...
November 8, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154059/traditional-herbal-medicine-use-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-gondar-ethiopia-do-their-health-care-providers-know
#7
Kaleab Taye Haile, Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Chilot Abiyu Demeke, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie, Daniel Asfaw Erku
BACKGROUND: People living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) are increasingly using herbal remedies due to the chronic nature of the disease, the complexities of treatment modalities and the difficulty in adhering to the therapeutic regimens. Yet, research on herbal medicine use in this patient population is scarce in Ethiopia. The present study aimed at investigating the prevalence and factors associated with the use of traditional herbal medicine among PLWHA in Gondar, Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted on 360 PLWHA attending the outpatient clinic of University of Gondar referral and teaching hospital from September 1 to 30, 2016...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154055/complementary-and-alternative-medicine-use-among-elderly-patients-living-with-chronic-diseases-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-ethiopia
#8
Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Henok Getachew Tegegn, Kaleab Taye Haile, Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Amanual Getnet Mersha, Daniel Asfaw Erku
BACKGROUND: The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among patients with chronic diseases has grown rapidly worldwide. Yet, little has been known about CAM use by elderly patients with chronic diseases in Ethiopia. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence and reasons for CAM utilization among elderly patients living with chronic diseases in Ethiopia. METHODS: An institution-based quantitative cross-sectional survey was conducted among elderly patients with chronic disease attending outpatient ambulatory clinics of University of Gondar referral and teaching hospital (UoGRTH)...
December 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153972/uses-of-oral-history-and-digital-storytelling-in-public-health-research-and-practice
#9
E K Tsui, A Starecheski
OBJECTIVES: Oral history (OH) and digital storytelling (DST) have been used in a range of ways in public health, including educating populations about health-protecting practices, advocating for improved clinical care and reflecting on public health efforts to combat infectious disease. Yet, these methods are rarely recognized for their potential to contribute to public health research and practice. The aim of this article is to assess how OH and DST have been used in the health fields and to provide examples of ways that these methods have contributed to work in several domains of public health...
November 15, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153827/compassion-satisfaction-and-fatigue-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-australian-intensive-care-nurses
#10
Samantha Jakimowicz, Lin Perry, Joanne Lewis
BACKGROUND: Compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue influence nurses' intention to stay or leave nursing. Identification of compassion satisfaction or fatigue in critical care nurses is important in this high turnover workforce. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine factors predicting and contributing to compassion satisfaction and compassion fatigue experienced by critical care nurses in Australian intensive care units. METHODS: A self-reported cross-sectional survey using an established tool collected data from critical care nurses of two adult Australian intensive care units...
November 16, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153759/shared-heart-failure-knowledge-and-self-care-outcomes-in-patient-caregiver-dyads
#11
Julie T Bidwell, Melinda K Higgins, Carolyn M Reilly, Patricia C Clark, Sandra B Dunbar
BACKGROUND: Patient's knowledge about heart failure (HF) contributes to successful HF self-care, but less is known about shared patient-caregiver knowledge. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this analysis was to: 1) identify configurations of shared HF knowledge in patient-caregiver dyads; 2) characterize dyads within each configuration by comparing sociodemographic factors, HF characteristics, and psychosocial factors; and 3) quantify the relationship between configurations and patient self-care adherence to managing dietary sodium and HF medications...
November 15, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153454/beliefs-and-perceptions-of-mentorship-among-nursing-faculty-and-traditional-and-accelerated-undergraduate-nursing-students
#12
Ann-Margaret Navarra, Amy Witkoski Stimpfel, Karla Rodriguez, Fidelindo Lim, Noreen Nelson, Larry Z Slater
BACKGROUND: In order to meet the demands of a dynamic and complex health care landscape, nursing education must develop and implement programming to produce a highly educated nursing workforce. Interprofessional honors education in nursing with targeted mentorship is one such model. PURPOSE: To describe undergraduate nursing student and faculty perceptions and beliefs of mentorship in the context of interprofessional honors education, and compare and contrast the perceptions and beliefs about mentorship in interprofessional honors education between undergraduate nursing students and faculty...
November 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152999/what-kind-of-information-and-communication-technologies-do-patients-with-copd-prefer-to-use-a-cross-sectional-study-in-latin-america
#13
Ivan Cherrez Ojeda, J C Calderon, O López Jove, A Guerreros, Karin J Plaza, Jose A Cano, E Vanegas, M Felix, V Mata, E Calero, A Cherrez, D Simancas-Racines
The aim of the present study was to assess the frequency of uses and preferences of information and communication technologies (ICTs) among Latin American chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. We conducted an anonymous cross-sectional survey study on Latin American COPD patients. The adapted version of the Michigan questionnaire was employed in eligible outpatients in different cities of Latin America. We categorized age and educational levels into three groups. The time passed since COPD diagnosis was categorized as ≤5 years and >5 years...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152966/the-knowledge-and-high-seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-a-in-a-high-risk-group-agricultural-reproductive-aged-women-in-the-southeastern-region-of-turkey
#14
Nebiye Yentür Doni, Zeynep Şimşek, Gülcan Gürses, Fadile Yıldız Zeyrek, Muhsin Akbaba
Background/aim: The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of antihepatitis A virus (HAV), risk factors, and the knowledge of female farm workers living in the Southeastern Anatolia Region (SAR) of Turkey. Materials and methods: This representative cross-sectional survey was conducted between January and April of 2013 in the SAR. A total of 705 reproductive-aged women were randomly selected by clustering method using Epi Info software. The sera were analyzed for anti-HAV antibodies using ELISA...
August 23, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152848/skin-care-and-cosmeceuticals-attitudes-and-trends-among-trainees-and-educators
#15
H Jill Feetham, H Sam Jeong, Jacqueline McKesey, Heather Wickless, Heidi Jacobe
INTRODUCTION: Patients often seek skin care recommendations from their dermatologist. The objective of this study was to determine the degree of education dermatology residents receive on skin care and cosmeceutical products, the source of education, and the attitude of trainees and their educators toward skin care and cosmeceuticals. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of dermatology residents and faculty via an online survey administered June 2015 and August 2015, respectively...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152746/referral-patterns-from-emergency-department-to-otolaryngology-clinic
#16
Jonathan C Garneau, Isaac Wasserman, Neeraja Konuthula, Benjamin D Malkin
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with various otolaryngologic disorders are frequently referred to an otolaryngologist for follow-up care. Our aim was to further characterize this group as it has not been well described in the literature. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective study. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of patients seen during an 18-month period in an urban public hospital trauma center adult ED and referred to an otolaryngology clinic for follow-up care...
November 20, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152233/inappropriate-use-of-antibiotics-among-communities-of-gondar-town-ethiopia-a-threat-to-the-development-of-antimicrobial-resistance
#17
Daniel Asfaw Erku, Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Sewunet Admasu Belachew
Background: The emergence of antimicrobial resistance, the main cause of morbidity and mortality from otherwise treatable infections, is largely attributed to the inappropriate use of antimicrobials. However, data on the extent of inappropriate use of antibiotics in the community is scarce in Ethiopia. The aim of present study is to document the extent of inappropriate use of antibiotics and its associated factors among the communities of Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. Methods: A community based cross-sectional survey was conducted on a total of 650 participants in Gondar town, northwest Ethiopia from December 1, 2016 to January 30, 2017...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151785/children-s-lifestyle-behaviors-in-relation-to-anthropometric-indices-a-family-practice-study
#18
Aida Puia, Daniel-Corneliu Leucuta
Introduction: Obesity prevention in children represents one of the main concerns in primary care. In order to develop into a healthy adult, the child has to follow a healthy lifestyle in all aspects: nutritional, behavioral, physical and recreational. Our main goal was to identify which habits may influence the children's somatic development. Method: Our study, performed in a family practice, consisted in a questionnaire regarding physical activity, diet and use of electronic devices...
2017: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151667/searching-for-the-golden-model-of-education-cross-national-analysis-of-math-achievement
#19
Katerina Bodovski, Soo-Yong Byun, Volha Chykina, Hee Jin Chung
We utilized four waves of TIMSS data in addition to the information we have collected on countries' educational systems to examine whether different degrees of standardization, differentiation, proportion of students in private schools and governmental spending on education influence students' math achievement, its variation and socioeconomic status (SES) gaps in math achievement. Findings: A higher level of standardization of educational systems was associated with higher average math achievement. Greater expenditure on education (as % of total government expenditure) was associated with a lower level of dispersion of math achievement and smaller SES gaps in math achievement...
2017: Compare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151052/prevalence-of-health-services-usage-and-associated-factors-in-the-amazon-region-of-brazil-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Maria Elizete A Araujo, Marcus T Silva, Tais F Galvao, Mauricio G Pereira
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of healthcare use and associated factors in the Manaus metropolitan region and to describe the reasons for lack of access. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: A survey conducted between May and August of 2015 in eight cities from Manaus metropolitan region, Amazonas, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 4001 adults ≥18 years of age. PRIMARY OUTCOMES MEASURES: Physician visits, dentist visits and hospitalisations in the last 12 months were the primary outcomes...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
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