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diabetes and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330492/the-prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-dyslipidemia-in-northeast-china-a-population-based-cross-sectional-survey
#1
Fu-Liang Zhang, Ying-Qi Xing, Yan-Hua Wu, Hao-Yuan Liu, Yun Luo, Ming-Shuo Sun, Zhen-Ni Guo, Yi Yang
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is an important independent modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to explore the current prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of dyslipidemia and its associated influence factors in northeast China. METHODS: In this population-based cross-sectional study, we adopted a multi-stage, stratified sampling method to obtain a representative sample of 4052 permanent residents aged 40 years and over from different urban and rural regions in Dehui City of Jilin Province...
March 23, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329121/very-low-calorie-diets-for-weight-loss-in-obese-older-adults-a-randomized-trial
#2
Cilla J Haywood, Luke A Prendergast, Katrina Purcell, Lauren Le Fevre, Wen Kwang Lim, Mary Galea, Joseph Proietto
Background: Obesity contributes to disability in older adults, and this is offset by weight loss and exercise. Very Low Calorie Diets (VLCDs) achieve rapid weight loss; however, these have not been rigorously evaluated in older people. Methods: A randomized trial was conducted from August 2012 through December 2015. The intervention was 12 weeks of thrice weekly exercise combined with either healthy eating advice (Ex/HE), hypocaloric diet (Ex/Diet), or VLCD (Ex/VLCD)...
February 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326830/do-statin-users-adhere-to-a-healthy-diet-and-lifestyle-the-australian-diabetes-obesity-and-lifestyle-study
#3
Simran Johal, Kris M Jamsen, J Simon Bell, Kevin P Mc Namara, Dianna J Magliano, Danny Liew, Taliesin E Ryan-Atwood, Claire Anderson, Jenni Ilomäki
Background Lifestyle and dietary advice typically precedes or accompanies the prescription of statin medications. However, evidence for adherence to this advice is sparse. The objective was to compare saturated fat intake, exercise, alcohol consumption and smoking between statin users and non-users in Australia. Methods Data were analysed for 4614 participants aged ≥37 years in the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle study in 2011-2012. Statin use, smoking status and physical activity were self-reported...
April 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326301/association-of-serum-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-concentration-and-arterial-stiffness-among-korean-adults-in-single-center
#4
Jung Hae Lee, Heuy Sun Suh
BACKGROUND: There are growing concerns about the role of vitamin D deficiency in cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we investigated the correlation between serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25[OH]D) and arterial stiffness among Korean adults. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of 302 people (115 women and 187 men) who visited a tertiary hospital from January 2015 to December 2016. Serum 25(OH)D was measured using the radioimmunoassay technique, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was measured using an automatic wave analyzer...
February 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326159/effects-of-weight-bearing-exercise-on-a-mini-trampoline-on-foot-mobility-plantar-pressure-and-sensation-of-diabetic-neuropathic-feet-a-preliminary-study
#5
Wararom Kanchanasamut, Praneet Pensri
Objective: Foot and ankle exercise has been advocated as a preventative approach in reducing the risk of foot ulceration. However, knowledge about the appropriate types and intensity of exercise program for diabetic foot ulcer prevention is still limited. The current study aimed to examine the effects of an eight-week mini-trampoline exercise on improving foot mobility, plantar pressure and sensation of diabetic neuropathic feet. Methods: Twenty-one people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy who had impaired sensation perception were divided into two groups...
2017: Diabetic Foot & Ankle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324962/design-of-a-dual-hormone-model-predictive-control-for-artificial-pancreas-with-exercise-model
#6
Navid Resalat, Joseph El Youssef, Ravi Reddy, Peter G Jacobs
The Artificial Pancreas (AP) is a new technology for helping people with type 1 diabetes to better control their glucose levels through automated delivery of insulin and optionally glucagon in response to sensed glucose levels. In a dual hormone AP, insulin and glucagon are delivered automatically to the body based on glucose sensor measurements using a control algorithm that calculates the amount of hormones to be infused. A dual-hormone MPC may deliver insulin continuously; however, it must avoid continuous delivery of glucagon because nausea can occur from too much glucagon...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323991/whole-body-vibration-mimics-the-metabolic-effects-of-exercise-in-male-leptin-receptor-deficient-mice
#7
Meghan E McGee-Lawrence, Karl H Wenger, Sudipta Misra, Catherine L Davis, Norman K Pollock, Mohammed Elsalanty, Kehong Ding, Carlos M Isales, Mark W Hamrick, Joanna R Erion, Marlena Wosiski-Kuhn, Phonepasong Arounleut, Mark P Mattson, Roy G Cutler, Jack C Yu, Alexis M Stranahan
Whole-body vibration has gained attention as a potential exercise mimetic, but direct comparisons with the metabolic effects of exercise are scarce. To determine whether whole-body vibration recapitulates the metabolic and osteogenic effects of physical activity, we exposed male wildtype (Wt) and leptin receptor deficient (db/db) mice to daily treadmill exercise or whole-body vibration for three months. Body weights were analyzed and compared with Wt and db/db mice that remained sedentary. Glucose and insulin tolerance testing revealed comparable attenuation of hyperglycemia and insulin resistance in db/db mice following treadmill exercise or whole-body vibration...
March 15, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323968/impaired-glycine-mia-in-type-2-diabetes-and-potential-mechanisms-contributing-to-glucose-homeostasis
#8
Richard Yan-Do, Patrick E MacDonald
The onset and/or progression of type 2 diabetes (T2D) can be prevented if intervention is early enough. As such, much effort has been placed on the search for indicators predictive of pre-diabetes and disease onset or progression. An increasing body of evidence suggests that changes in plasma glycine may be one such biomarker. Circulating glycine levels are consistently low in patients with T2D. Levels of this non-essential amino acid correlate negatively with obesity and insulin resistance. Plasma glycine correlates positively with glucose disposal, and rises with interventions such as exercise and bariatric surgery that improve glucose homeostasis...
March 15, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321063/a-pilot-study-the-beneficial-effects-of-combined-statin-exercise-therapy-on-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-and-mild-cognitive-decline
#9
Kensuke Toyama, Seigo Sugiyama, Hideki Oka, Mari Hamada, Yuri Iwasaki, Eiji Horio, Taku Rokutanda, Shinichi Nakamura, Joshua M Spin, Philip S Tsao, Hisao Ogawa
Objective Hypercholesterolemia, a risk factor in cognitive impairment, can be treated with statins. However, cognitive decline associated with "statins" (HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors) is a clinical concern. This pilot study investigated the effects of combining statins and regular exercise on cognitive function in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with prior mild cognitive decline. Methods We recruited 43 consecutive CAD patients with mild cognitive decline. These patients were treated with a statin and weekly in-hospital aerobic exercise for 5 months...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319109/the-broad-study-a-randomised-controlled-trial-using-a-whole-food-plant-based-diet-in-the-community-for-obesity-ischaemic-heart-disease-or-diabetes
#10
N Wright, L Wilson, M Smith, B Duncan, P McHugh
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: There is little randomised evidence using a whole food plant-based (WFPB) diet as intervention for elevated body mass index (BMI) or dyslipidaemia. We investigated the effectiveness of a community-based dietary programme. Primary end points: BMI and cholesterol at 6 months (subsequently extended). SUBJECTS: Ages 35-70, from one general practice in Gisborne, New Zealand. Diagnosed with obesity or overweight and at least one of type 2 diabetes, ischaemic heart disease, hypertension or hypercholesterolaemia...
March 20, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318938/diabetes-nurse-case-management-in-a-canadian-tertiary-care-setting-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Danni Li, Tom Elliott, Gerri Klein, Ehud Ur, Tricia S Tang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a 6-month nurse case manager (NCM) intervention compared to standard care (SC) on glycemic control and diabetes distress in a Canadian tertiary-care setting. METHODS: We recruited 140 adults with type 2 diabetes and glycated hemoglobin (A1C) levels >8% (64 mmol/mol) from 2 tertiary care facilities and randomized them to: 1) a 6-month NCM intervention in addition to SC or 2) SC by the primary endocrinologists. Assessments were conducted at baseline and at 6 months...
March 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317297/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-type-2-diabetes-with-high-fat-and-low-muscle-mass-at-baseline-and-in-response-to-exercise
#12
Tasuku Terada, Normand G Boulé, Mary Forhan, Carla M Prado, Glen P Kenny, Denis Prud'homme, Eiji Ito, Ronald J Sigal
OBJECTIVE: To examine the interplay between high fat and low muscle mass on cardiometabolic risk factors at baseline and in response to exercise in type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Using baseline percent body fat and skeletal muscle mass index, 248 participants were divided into high fat versus low fat and low muscle versus high muscle. Linear mixed models were used to examine the main effects of fat mass and muscle mass and their interaction on baseline cardiometabolic risk factors and changes in risk factors in response to 6-month exercise training...
March 20, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315350/irisin-acts-as-a-regulator-of-macrophages-host-defense
#13
Agnieszka Irena Mazur-Bialy
AIM: Irisin, the adipomyokine, released mainly by exercised muscles, participate in the browning of adipose tissue and contribute to the restriction of insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus 2 development. Because of the limited reports describing the effect of irisin on inflammation and immunocompetent cells activation, the present study attempted to assess the influence of various irisin concentrations on basic macrophage activity. MAIN METHODS: Studies were carried out on murine RAW 264...
March 14, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303367/effects-of-long-term-multicomponent-exercise-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-evidence-from-a-cohort-study
#14
Liliana C Baptista, Gonçalo Dias, Nelba R Souza, Manuel T Veríssimo, Raul A Martins
PURPOSE: To establish the effect of a long-term multicomponent exercise (LTMEX) intervention (24 months) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL), in older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: This longitudinal retrospective cohort study analyzes the effects of a supervised LTMEX program on HRQoL in older adults with T2D (n = 279). Participants underwent one of two conditions: LTMEX (n = 241) trained three times per week; and unchanged lifestyle-the control group (CO; n = 38)...
March 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303060/evaluation-of-the-association-between-locomotive-syndrome-and-depressive-states-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Tomohiro Saito, Hideaki Watanabe, Ichiro Kikkawa, Katsushi Takeshita
The Japanese Orthopaedic Association has proposed the term "locomotive syndrome" to designate a condition that places a person at high risk for long-term care. However, in daily clinical practice, even when a diagnosis of locomotive syndrome is made, exercise therapy often cannot be successfully performed in some patients owing to their lack of motivation. We speculated that locomotive syndrome and depressive states co-exist in elderly people. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence or absence of depressive states in older patients aged ≥ 65 years who were diagnosed with locomotive syndrome...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302002/preoperative-cardiac-risk-assessment-in-patients-undergoing-liver-transplant-due-to-hepatocellular-carcinoma-should-it-be-different
#16
Haldun Muderrisoglu, Kerem Can Yilmaz, Emir Karacaglar, Ugur Bal, Alp Aydinalp, Gokhan Moray, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Liver transplant is a high-risk surgery for cardiac events. The risk of 30-day major cardiac adverse events is estimated at more than 5%. In this retrospective study, we evaluated our preoperative cardiac risk assessment approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 58 adult patients who underwent liver transplant between May 2011 and May 2015. Preoperative cardiac risk factors and results of diagnostic tests were noted. Patients were divided into 2 groups: patients with or without hepatocellular carcinoma...
March 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301855/placental-lipid-and-fatty-acid-transfer-in-maternal-overnutrition
#17
Rohan M Lewis, Gernot Desoye
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of childhood obesity is a significant public health challenge, the consequences of which extend across the life course. SUMMARY: Diet and exercise are clearly the major contributors to childhood obesity, but the factors predisposing to obesity may become established in the womb. Worryingly maternal overnutrition, in particular when it leads to obesity and diabetes, perpetuate an intergenerational cycle of obesity through its effects on placental function and fetal metabolism...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299348/beneficial-effects-of-yogasanas-and-pranayama-in-limiting-the-cognitive-decline-in-type-2-diabetes
#18
Santhakumari Rajani, Rajagopalan Archana, Yogananda Reddy Indla, P Rajesh
BACKGROUND: Out of many complications that were observed in type 2 diabetes, cognitive impairment is the most neglected. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study is to assess the cognitive decline in type 2 diabetes and to observe the role of yogasanas and pranayama in ameliorating the cognitive decline. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty eight type 2 diabetic subjects were recruited in the study, 34 of them did specific yogasanas and pranayama (test group) for six months and the remaining age and sex matched 34 subjects were recruited as (control group) who were not on any specific exercise regimen...
2017: Natl J Physiol Pharm Pharmacol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296226/diabetic-polyneuropathy-is-a-risk-factor-for-decline-of-lower-extremity-strength-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Takuo Nomura, Tomoyasu Ishiguro, Masayoshi Ohira, Yukio Ikeda
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: The present study elucidated the effect of diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) on lower extremity strength in a wide age range of type 2 diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants (n = 1,442) were divided into three age groups (30-49 years, 50-69 years, and 70-87 years), and comparisons were made separately for each sex. Lower extremity strength was measured in terms of knee extension force (KEF) with a hand-held dynamometer. KEF was compared according to the presence or absence of DPN...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295686/increased-insulin-stimulated-glucose-uptake-in-both-leg-and-arm-muscles-after-sprint-interval-and-moderate-intensity-training-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes-or-prediabetes
#20
Tanja J Sjöros, Marja A Heiskanen, Kumail K Motiani, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Jari-Joonas Eskelinen, Kirsi A Virtanen, Nina J Savisto, Olof Solin, Jarna C Hannukainen, Kari K Kalliokoski
We investigated the effects of sprint interval (SIT) and moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) on glucose uptake (GU) during hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp and fatty acid uptake (FAU) at fasting state in thigh and arm muscles in subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2D) or prediabetes. Twenty-six patients (age 49, SD 4; 10 women) were randomly assigned into two groups: SIT (n=13), and MICT (n=13). The exercise in the SIT group consisted of 4-6 x 30 s of all-out cycling with 4 min recovery and in the MICT group 40-60 min cycling at 60% of VO2peak ...
March 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
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