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Bilirubin encephalopathy

Ewa A Woźnica, Małgorzata Inglot, Ryszard K Woźnica, Lidia Łysenko
Despite continuous progress in medicine, sepsis remains the main cause of deaths in the intensive care unit. Liver failure complicating sepsis/septic shock has a significant impact on mortality in this group of patients. The pathophysiology of sepsis-associated liver dysfunction is very complicated and still not well understood. According to the Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) Guidelines, the diagnosis of liver dysfunction during sepsis is based on the increase in bilirubin concentration >2 mg/dL and the occurrence of coagulation disorders with INR > 1...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Li Liu, Di Xiao, Jin-Hong Yu, Rui Shen, Meng Wang, Qiang Li
OBJECTIVES: In China, the epidemic pattern of acute hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection has changed from waterborne outbreaks to foodborne sporadic cases. However, the clinical course of sporadic acute hepatitis E has not been well defined. METHODS: Consecutive AHE inpatients who were admitted to the Jinan Infectious Disease Hospital, Jinan, Shandong Province, between January 2003 and December 2014 were evaluated and followed. Demographic data, clinical manifestations, results of laboratory tests,and outcomes were recorded...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
O El-Sherif, Z G Jiang, E B Tapper, K C Huang, A Zhong, A Osinusi, M Charlton, M Manns, N H Afdhal, K Mukamal, J McHutchison, D M Brainard, N Terrault, M P Curry
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Treatment with direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents can reduce model for end-stage liver disease and Child-Pugh-Turcotte (CPT) scores in patients with decompensated cirrhosis caused by hepatitis C virus (HCV). However, many of these patients still die or require liver transplantation. We collected data on baseline features of patients and aimed to develop a scoring system to predict response to DAA therapy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of data from 4 trials of the effects of sofosbuvir-based therapy in patients with HCV-associated decompensated cirrhosis (502 of CPT class B and 120 of CPT class C)...
March 10, 2018: Gastroenterology
Naser Amini, Nasim Vousooghi, Mansoureh Soleimani, Ali Samadikuchaksaraei, Mehdi Akbari, Hosein Safakheil, Pezhman Atafimanesh, Ali Shahbazi, Peiman Brouki Milan, Sara Ramezani, Masoud Mozafari, Mohammad Taghi Joghataei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 11, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Nazli Kuter, Nese Aysit-Altuncu, Gurkan Ozturk, Eren Ozek
BACKGROUND: In high-risk newborns indirect hyperbilirubinemia can lead to acute bilirubin encephalopathy and kernicterus. Despite the current therapeutic modalities, preventing or reversing the neurotoxicity cannot be achieved in all infants. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the neuroprotective effects of hypothermia on bilirubin-induced toxicity in primary mouse neuronal cell cultures. METHODS: Hippocampal cell cultures, isolated from newborn mouse brains, were incubated with unconjugated bilirubin (UCB) at 3 days in vitro (DIV) and immediately exposed to varying degrees of hypothermia...
March 6, 2018: Neonatology
Michelle Long, Ken J Farion, Roger Zemek, Debby Voskamp, Nick Barrowman, Salwa Akiki, Sarah Reid
Background: Hyperbilirubinemia is a common neonatal condition requiring timely management to prevent acute bilirubin encephalopathy. Management protocols allow nonphysicians to initiate designated actions prior to physician assessment. Objective: To assess the effectiveness of a nurse-initiated neonatal jaundice management protocol for serum bilirubin sampling and phototherapy for neonates presenting with hyperbilirubinemia to the Paediatric Emergency Department (PED)...
August 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Ujjwal Sonika, Shekhar Jadaun, Gyan Ranjan, Gyanranjan Rout, Deepak Gunjan, Saurabh Kedia, Baibaswata Nayak, Shalimar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Various prognostic scores are available for predicting outcome in acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). We compared the available prognostic models as predictors of outcome in alcohol-related ACLF patients. METHODS: All consecutive patients with alcohol-related ACLF were included. At admission, prognostic indices-acute physiology and chronic health evaluation score (APACHE II), model for end-stage liver disease (MELD), MELD-Na, Maddrey's discriminant function (DF), age-bilirubin-INR-creatinine (ABIC), and Chronic Liver Failure Consortium (CLIF-C) ACLF score (CLIF-C ACLF) score were calculated...
February 23, 2018: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Omer Erdeve, Emel Okulu, Ozgur Olukman, Dilek Ulubas, Gokhan Buyukkale, Fatma Narter, Gaffari Tunc, Begum Atasay, Nazli Dilay Gultekin, Saadet Arsan, Esin Koc
BACKGROUND: Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is common, but few root cause analyses based on national quality registries have been performed. An online registry was established to estimate the incidence of NNJ in Turkey and to facilitate a root cause analysis of NNJ and its complications. METHODS: A multicenter prospective study was conducted on otherwise healthy newborns born at ≥35 weeks of gestation and hospitalized for only NNJ in 50 collaborator neonatal intensive care units across Turkey over a 1-year period...
2018: PloS One
Simone Vodret, Giulia Bortolussi, Alessandra Iaconcig, Elena Martinelli, Claudio Tiribelli, Andrés F Muro
All pre-term newborns and a high proportion of term newborns develop neonatal jaundice. Neonatal jaundice is usually a benign condition and self-resolves within few days after birth. However, a combination of unfavorable complications may lead to acute hyperbilirubinemia. Excessive hyperbilirubinemia may be toxic for the developing nervous system leading to severe neurological damage and death by kernicterus. Survivors show irreversible neurological deficits such as motor, sensitive and cognitive abnormalities...
February 16, 2018: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
Tingxue Song, Martin Rössle, Fuliang He, Fuquan Liu, Xiaozhong Guo, Xingshun Qi
BACKGROUND: Hepatorenal syndrome is a severe complication of advanced liver diseases with a dismal prognosis. AIMS: This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to explore the efficacy and safety of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for the treatment of hepatorenal syndrome. METHOD: Publications were searched via PubMed and EMBASE databases. The pooled proportion and mean difference were calculated by using a random-effect model...
February 5, 2018: Digestive and Liver Disease
R D Christensen, V L Baer, B C MacQueen, E A O'Brien, S J Ilstrup
OBJECTIVE: ABO hemolytic disease occurs among neonates with blood groups A or B delivered to group O women. Extreme neonatal hyperbilirubinemia due to ABO disease has been reported, but its frequency is not well known. We sought to determine the odds of developing severe ABO hemolytic disease in the 13 years since adopting universal bilirubin screening/management in the Intermountain Healthcare system. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective analysis of neonates born between 2004 and 2016, defining "severe hemolytic disease" as; (1) total serum bilirubin (TSB) >25 mg/dL, or (2) hospital readmission for jaundice, or (3) bilirubin encephalopathy...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Amy R Borden, Katie M Satrom, Paul Wratkowski, Thomas N George, Constance A Adkisson, Hendrik J Vreman, Austin P Johnson, Kent J Nichols, Tina M Slusher
BACKGROUND: Phototherapy (PT) is widely used to prevent and treat severe hyperbilirubinemia and its associated risks for both acute and chronic bilirubin encephalopathy. Intensive PT, recommended for inpatient treatment of hyperbilirubinemia in term and near-term infants, is defined as having a spectral irradiance of ≥30 μW/cm2/nm. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess local PT practices by measuring the irradiance of PT devices in local neonatal intensive care units and newborn nurseries...
2018: Neonatology
Gwendoline Lilly Tanyaradzwa Chimhini, Simbarashe Chimhuya, Vasco Chikwasha
Background: Acute Bilirubin Encephalopathy in the neonatal period is a major cause of permanent disability. Effective screening and surveillance are essential in the newborn period to enable timely management. Noninvasive transcutaneous bilirubin devices have been successfully used for screening in many settings. We evaluated the accuracy of the Draeger JM 103 (Medical Systems, USA) for estimating serum bilirubin in Zimbabwean newborns. Methods: Paired transcutaneous (forehead and sternum) and serum bilirubin measurements were compared on 283 infants consecutively recruited between 01 August and 30 November 2015 at Harare Hospital Neonatal Unit...
2018: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
Wei Lin, Jing Zhang, Jian Zhang, Nan Geng, Maimaitijiang Ubuli-Aishan, Xinhuan Wei
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the complement factor 3 levels in children with hepatitis A. METHODS: This observational study was conducted at the Infectious Diseases Hospital of Hotan District, China, from September 2014 to January 2015, and comprised children with hepatitis A and controls. The patients were divided into two groups. The ones with total bilirubin less than or equal to 2mg/dl comprised group A, while the ones whose total bilirubin was more than 2mg/dl was named group B...
January 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Y L Hou, M D Gao, H Y Guo, R Wang, Z Wang, Y H Yu, J L Lou, Y Zhao
Objective: To explore the value of albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grade combined with serum ammonia in the diagnosis of cirrhosis with hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Methods: The serum level of total bilirubin(TBIL), albumin( ALB )and blood ammonia were detected in 139 patients including 73 cirrhosis patients without HE and 66 cirrhosis patients with HE from January 2015 to January 2017 in Beijing You'an Hospital, and the relationship between ALBI and blood ammonia value and Child grade and hepatic encephalopathy was analyzed...
January 9, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Zhao-Ru Dong, Jie Zou, Dong Sun, Guo-Ming Shi, Ai-Wu Ke, Jia-Bin Cai, Hui-Chuan Sun, Shuang-Jian Qiu, Tao Li, Jian Zhou, Xu-Ting Zhi, Jia Fan
Surgical resection remains the initial treatment of choice for the majority of early stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Although the factors that influence the prognosis of postoperative HCC patients have been well elucidated, there are a limited number of simple, objective, and distinct methods for estimating survival for postoperative patients with solitary HCC within the Milan criteria and Child-Pugh (C-P) A cirrhosis. The Albumin-Bilirubin (ALBI) score is a new evidence-based approach to assess liver function...
2017: Journal of Cancer
Rogelio Pinon-Gutierrez, Blythe Durbin-Johnson, Charles H Halsted, Valentina Medici
AIM: To study differences of presentation, management, and prognosis of alcoholic hepatitis in Latinos compared to Caucasians. METHODS: We retrospectively screened 876 charts of Caucasian and Latino patients who were evaluated at University of California Davis Medical Center between 1/1/2002-12/31/2014 with the diagnosis of alcoholic liver disease. We identified and collected data on 137 Caucasians and 64 Latinos who met criteria for alcoholic hepatitis, including chronic history of heavy alcohol use, at least one episode of jaundice with bilirubin ≥ 3...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Gianni Testino, Silvia Leone
Severe acute alcoholic hepatitis (AAH) can lead to a clinical picture with a sixmonth mortality rate in more than 70% of cases. This clinical picture is characterized by: jaundice with a duration of less than three months, jaundice at the first failure event, serum bilirubin greater than 5 mg / dL, ratio AST / ALT> 2: 1, AST less than 500 IU / L, ALT <300 IU / L, neutrophil leukocytosis and a GGT increase. In addition, encephalopathy, fever, asthenia and coagulopathy may be present. Its onset may also be characterized by portalhypertensionrelated complications, particularly bleeding and hepatorenal syndrome...
November 7, 2017: Minerva Medica
Elliot B Tapper, Neehar Parikh, Neil Sengupta, Jessica Mellinger, David Ratz, Anna S Lok, Grace L Su
Over 40% of patients with cirrhosis will develop hepatic encephalopathy (HE). HE is associated with decreased survival, falls, motor vehicle accidents, and frequent hospitalization. Accordingly, we aimed to develop a tool to risk-stratify patients for HE development. We studied a population-based cohort of all patients with cirrhosis without baseline HE (N=1,979) from the Veterans Administration from Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio (1/1/2005-12/31/10) using demographic, clinical, laboratory, and pharmacy data. The primary outcome was the development of HE...
November 1, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Hong-Hui Su, Hou-Song Cui, Hui-Ling Su
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of acupuncture at thirteen evil acupoints in patients with hepatic encephalopathy, and to explore its possible mechanism. METHODS: Patients with hepatic encephalopathy were randomly divided into acupuncture group (n=38) and western medicine group (n=36). Patients in the western medicine group were treated by intravenous injection of aspartate ornithine and branched chain amino acids, and those in the acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at thirteen evil acupoints on the basis of the western medicine...
August 25, 2017: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu, Acupuncture Research
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