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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155025/understanding-the-role-of-mammalian-sterile-20-like-kinase-1-mst1-in-cardiovascular-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Yang Yang, Haichang Wang, Zhiqiang Ma, Wei Hu, Dongdong Sun
Hippo signaling is a conserved pathway and plays important role in controlling cell proliferation and differentiation. As critical components of the Hippo pathway in mammals, mammalian sterile 20-like kinase 1 (MST1) participate in cell apoptosis and cell proliferation. Yes-associated protein (YAP) acts as a downstream transcriptional co-activator of MST1. MST1 is present in heart tissue and helps determine the fate of cardiomyocytes by regulating the balance between autophagy and apoptosis. Recent studies showed MST1 signaling is an essential participant in many cardiovascular disorders, including aortic dissection, aortic aneurysm, atherosclerosis, myocardial ischemic injury, and cardiomyopathy...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149759/dusp1-alleviates-cardiac-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-suppressing-the-mff-required-mitochondrial-fission-and-bnip3-related-mitophagy-via-the-jnk-pathways
#2
Qinhua Jin, Ruibing Li, Nan Hu, Ting Xin, Pingjun Zhu, Shunying Hu, Sai Ma, Hong Zhu, Jun Ren, Hao Zhou
Mitochondrial fission and selective mitochondrial autophagy (mitophagy) form an essential axis of mitochondrial quality control that plays a critical role in the development of cardiac ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. However, the precise upstream molecular mechanism of fission/mitophagy remains unclear. Dual-specificity protein phosphatase1 (DUSP1) regulates cardiac metabolism, but its physiological contribution in the reperfused heart, particularly its influence on mitochondrial homeostasis, is unknown. Here, we demonstrated that cardiac DUSP1 was downregulated following acute cardiac IR injury...
November 6, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148068/gastrodin-protects-myocardial-cells-against-hypoxia-reoxygenation-injury-in-neonatal-rats-by-inhibiting-cell-autophagy-through-the-activation-of-mtor-signals-in-pi3k-akt-pathway
#3
Xiang Li, Qinhui Zhu, Yuanyuan Liu, Zhiyong Yang, Bin Li
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of gastrodin (GAS) on myocardial cells with hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury in neonatal rats and explore the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Myocardial cells were extracted from neonatal rats and divided into six groups: control, H/R, H/R + Low-Concentration GAS, H/R + Middle-Concentration GAS, H/R + High-Concentration GAS and H/R + High-Concentration GAS + AKT Inhibitor groups. After 48-h treatment, cell viability, autophagosome quantity and the expression levels of LC3-II, p62, Akt, pAkt, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and uncoordinated 51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) in myocardial cells were made comparisons among each group...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141547/cardioprotective-effects-of-serca2a-overexpression-against-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-injuries-in-rats
#4
Yan Jian, Li-Li Tian, Lin-Hui Wang, Xiao-Dong Zhao, Jing-Wei Chen, Koji Murao, Wei Zhu, Liang Dong, Guo-Qing Wang, Wan-Ping Sun, Guo-Xing Zhang
AIMS: The aim of the present study is to assess how genetically increased Sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (Serca2a) expression affects cardiac injury after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) exposure and the related mechanisms involved. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rats were subjected to left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) occlusion for 30 min followed by a 24-hour reperfusion. Cardiac function analysis revealed that cardiac function dramatically improved in Serca2a transgenic rats (Serca2aTG) rats compared to wild type (WT) rats...
November 10, 2017: Current Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139258/-regulatory-effects-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-on-autophagy-in-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#5
REVIEW
Qing Zheng, Yi-Min Bao
Autophagy is a basic process of eliminating unnecessary or damaged organelles by lysosome to maintain the internal environment homeostasis. Recent studies have revealed that autophagy plays an important role in pathology of myocardial ischemia reperfusion. In the phase of ischemia, moderate autophagy can protect the cells against various stress; but in the phase of reperfusion, excessive autophagy can increase the death of cells. Therefore, the dual role of autophagy in myocardial ischemia reperfusion provides a new therapeutic target for the treatment of heart disease...
August 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127009/nicorandil-alleviates-myocardial-injury-and-post-infarction-cardiac-remodeling-by-inhibiting-mst1
#6
Shanjie Wang, Yanhong Fan, Xinyu Feng, Chuang Sun, Zhaofeng Shi, Tian Li, Jianjun Lv, Zhi Yang, Zhijing Zhao, Dongdong Sun
BACKGROUND: Cardiomyocyte autophagy and apoptosis are crucial events underlying the development of cardiac abnormalities and dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI). A better understanding of the cell signaling pathways involved in cardiac remodeling may support the development of new therapeutic strategies for the treatment of heart failure (HF) after MI. METHODS: A cardiac MI injury model was constructed by ligating the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery...
November 7, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118905/intramyocardial-injection-of-thioredoxin-2-expressing-lentivirus-alleviates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#7
Yanyan Li, Yin Xiang, Song Zhang, Yan Wang, Jie Yang, Wei Liu, Fengtai Xue
The aim of this study is to explore the role of thioredoxin-2 (Trx2) in autophagy and apoptosis during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in vivo. In the study, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to four groups at random and pretreated with normal saline (sham operation and I/R groups) and either a control lentivirus (Lv-GFP-N) or one expressing Trx2 (Lv-GFP-Trx2). Sevendays after pretreatment, rat MIRI models were produced via occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 6 h...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115461/histone-deacetylase-inhibition-of-cardiac-autophagy-in-rats-on-a-high%C3%A2-fat-diet-with-low%C3%A2-dose-streptozotocin-induced-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Ting-I Lee, Kuan-Jen Bai, Yao-Chang Chen, Ting-Wei Lee, Cheng-Chih Chung, Wen-Chih Tsai, Shin-Yi Tsao, Yu-Hsun Kao
Autophagy serves a role in preserving cellular homeostasis. Diabetes mellitus (DM) impairs cardiac autophagy and is associated with an accumulation of cytotoxic proteins that may provoke apoptosis and damage cardiomyocytes. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors attenuate cardiac fibrosis and inflammation, and improve cardiomyopathy resulting from DM. However, the effect of HDAC inhibition on autophagy in DM cardiomyopathy has not been investigated. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether HDAC inhibition modulates cardiac autophagy and to investigate the potential mechanisms in type 2 DM (T2DM) hearts...
October 26, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115425/the-hmgb1%C3%A2-il%C3%A2-17a-axis-contributes-to-hypoxia-reoxygenation-injury-via-regulation-of-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-and-autophagy
#9
Xiaorong Hu, Kai Zhang, Zhiqiang Chen, Hong Jiang, Weipan Xu
Both the high‑mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) and interleukin (IL)‑17A serve important roles in myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether HMGB1 could induce IL‑17A secretion and lead to cardiomyocyte hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury. Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were treated with HMGB1‑neutralizing antibody, IL‑17A‑neutralizing antibody, recombinant HMGB1 (rHMGB1) and recombinant IL‑17A (rIL‑17A), respectively. Cell viabilities, lactate dehydrogenase and creatine kinase levels were measured...
October 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109832/cardioprotective-effect-of-resveratrol-in-a-postinfarction-heart-failure-model
#10
Adam Riba, Laszlo Deres, Balazs Sumegi, Kalman Toth, Eszter Szabados, Robert Halmosi
Despite great advances in therapies observed during the last decades, heart failure (HF) remained a major health problem in western countries. In order to further improve symptoms and survival in patients with heart failure, novel therapeutic strategies are needed. In some animal models of HF resveratrol (RES), it was able to prevent cardiac hypertrophy, contractile dysfunction, and remodeling. Several molecular mechanisms are thought to be involved in its protective effects, such as inhibition of prohypertrophic signaling molecules, improvement of myocardial Ca(2+) handling, regulation of autophagy, and the reduction of oxidative stress and inflammation...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104855/sevoflurane-ameliorates-myocardial-cell-injury-by-inducing-autophagy-via-the-deacetylation-of-lc3-by-sirt1
#11
Lihua Fan, Deyuan Chen, Jianping Wang, Yini Wu, Dongli Li, Xiaoyan Yu
Misfolded and aberrant proteins have been found to be associated with myocardial cell injury. Thus, increased clearance of misfolded or aggregated proteins via autophagy might be a potential option in preventing myocardial cell injury. Sevoflurane may ameliorate myocardial cell injury by affecting sirtuin 1- (SIRT1-) mediated autophagy. Rat models with myocardial cell injury were induced by limb ischemia reperfusion. The model rats received different treatments: sevoflurane, nicotinamide, and autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA)...
2017: Analytical Cellular Pathology (Amsterdam)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069583/shrna-interference-of-nlrp3-inflammasome-alleviate-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-myocardial-damage-through-autophagy-activation
#12
Zhu Meng, Mei-Yan Song, Chuan-Fang Li, Jia-Qi Zhao
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury always occur during the recovery of myocardial blood supply with high morbidity and mortality. Although, various therapeutic schedules were applied in clinic, there are real problems that have to be resolved on curative effect. Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome has moderation effects on cellular damage and inflammatory reaction after I/R injury. Our research aims to investigate a more effective approach to restrain the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome in treating myocardial I/R injury...
October 22, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063105/the-roles-of-microrna-22-in-myocardial-infarction
#13
Bin-Hai Cong, Xiao-Yan Zhu, Xin Ni
Myocardial infarction (MI) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The regeneration capacity of the adult mammalian heart is very limited, so that the lost cells are replaced by fibrotic scar. This is followed by remodeling of the surrounding myocardium, which includes cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, and makes the ventricular wall thicken and stiffen. This adverse cardiac remodeling leads to impaired cardiac function and eventually leads to heart failure. Extensive studies have revealed that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an essential role in cardiovascular diseases...
October 25, 2017: Sheng Li Xue Bao: [Acta Physiologica Sinica]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056472/contribution-of-lectin-like-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-1-and-lox-1-modulating-compounds-to-vascular-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Anja Hofmann, Coy Brunssen, Henning Morawietz
The lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is the major receptor for binding and uptake of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in endothelial cells. LOX-1 is also expressed in macrophages, smooth muscle cells and platelets. Following internalization of oxLDL, LOX-1 initiates a vicious cycle from activation of pro-inflammatory signaling pathways, thus promoting an increased reactive oxygen species formation and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines. LOX-1 plays a pivotal role in the development of endothelial dysfunction, foam cell and advanced lesions formation as well as in myocardial ischemia...
October 19, 2017: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052400/-protective-effect-of-ginsenoside-rb%C3%A2-on-doxorubicin-induced-myocardial-autophagy
#15
Long-Fei Li, Zeng-Chun Ma, Yu-Guang Wang, Xiang-Lin Tang, Hong-Ling Tan, Cheng-Rong Xiao, Yue Gao
Ginsenoside Rb₁ (Rb₁), which is one of the main ingredients derived from Panax ginseng, has been found to have extensive pharmacological activities including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer properties. In this study, the effect of Rb₁ on doxorubicin-induced myocardial autophagy was studied with H9c2 as the study object. CCK-8 method, transmission electron microscope observation, fluorescence staining observation and Western blot were used to detect changes in H9c2 cell proliferation and autophagy after treatment...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039471/hydrogen-sulfide-alleviates-myocardial-fibrosis-in-mice-with-alcoholic-cardiomyopathy-by-downregulating-autophagy
#16
Biao Liang, Ting Xiao, Junrong Long, Maojun Liu, Zining Li, Shengquan Liu, Jun Yang
Myocardial fibrosis is one of the most important pathological features of alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM). Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) exerts protective effects in various types of cardiovascular disease, which has been demonstrated by many previous studies. However, there is a lack of adequate research on the effect of H2S on myocardial fibrosis in ACM. The present study aimed to investigate the etiopathogenic role of H2S in myocardial fibrosis induced by chronic alcohol intake. An ACM mouse model was induced by consumption of 4% ethanol solution in drinking water for 12 weeks...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035876/hydrogen-gas-attenuates-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-independent-of-postconditioning-in-rats-by-attenuating-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-induced-autophagy
#17
Yunan Gao, Hongxiao Yang, Jing Chi, Qiannan Xu, Luqi Zhao, Weijia Yang, Weifan Liu, Wei Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To study the effect of inhaling hydrogen gas on myocardial ischemic/reperfusion(I/R) injury in rats. METHODS: Seventy male Wistar albino rats were divided into five groups at random as the sham group (Sham). The I/R group (I/R), The ischemic postconditioning group (IPo), The I/R plus hydrogen group (IH2) and the ischemic postconditioning plus hydrogen group (IPoH2). The Sham group was without coronary occlusion. In I/R group, Ischemic/reperfusion injury was induced by coronary occlusion for 1 hour...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993153/tfeb-activation-protects-against-cardiac-proteotoxicity-via-increasing-autophagic-flux
#18
Bo Pan, Hanming Zhang, Taixing Cui, Xuejun Wang
Insufficient lysosomal removal of autophagic cargoes in cardiomyocytes has been suggested as a main cause for the impairment of the autophagic-lysosomal pathway (ALP) in many forms of heart disease including cardiac proteinopathy and may play an important pathogenic role; however, the molecular basis and the correcting strategy for the cardiac ALP insufficiency require further investigation. The present study was sought to determine whether myocardial expression and activity of TFEB, the recently identified ALP master regulator, are impaired in a cardiac proteinopathy mouse model and to determine the effect of genetic manipulation of TFEB expression on autophagy and proteotoxicity in a cardiomyocyte model of proteinopathy...
December 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977784/exogenous-h2s-protects-against-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-by-activating-autophagy-via-the-ampk-mtor-pathway
#19
Fan Yang, Linxue Zhang, Zhaopeng Gao, Xiaojiao Sun, Miao Yu, Shiyun Dong, Jichao Wu, Yajun Zhao, Changqing Xu, Weihua Zhang, Fanghao Lu
BACKGROUND/AIM: Autophagy plays an important role in cellular homeostasis through the disposal and recycling of cellular components. Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is the third endogenous gas that has been shown to confer cardiac protective effects. Given the regulation of autophagy in cardioprotection, this study aimed to investigate the protective effects of H2S via autophagy during high glucose treatment. METHODS: This study investigated the content of H2S in the plasma as well as myocardial, ultrastructural changes in mitochondria and autophagosomes...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969032/microrna-199a-acts-as-a-potential-suppressor-of-cardiomyocyte-autophagy-through-targeting-hspa5
#20
Liang Chen, Fei-Yu Wang, Zhen-Yu Zeng, Ling Cui, Jian Shen, Xiao-Wei Song, Pan Li, Xian-Xian Zhao, Yong-Wen Qin
Autophagy is an adaptive response to cardiomyocytes survival under stress conditions. MicroRNAs (miRNAs, miR) have been described to act as potent modulators of autophagy. To investigate whether and how miR-199a modulated autophagy in vitro, primary cardiomyocytes were treated under starvation to induce autophagy. Results showed that down-regulation of miR-199a was sufficient to activate cardiomyocytes autophagy. MiR-199a suppressed cardiomyocytes autophagy through direct inhibiting heat shock protein family A member 5 (Hspa5)...
September 8, 2017: Oncotarget
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