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myocardial and autophagy

Qinghua Chen, Lulu Zhang, Siyao Chen, Yaqian Huang, Kun Li, Xiaoqi Yu, Huijuan Wu, Xiaoyu Tian, Chunyu Zhang, Chaoshu Tang, Junbao Du, Hongfang Jin
BACKGROUND: The study was designed to investigate if endogenous sulfur dioxide (SO2) was involved in cardiomyocyte autophagy and myocardial hypertrophy stimulated by angiotensin II (Ang II). METHODS: Thirty-two C57 mice were randomly divided into control, SO2, Ang II and Ang II+SO2 groups. Human myocardial cell line H9c2 was divided into four groups including control, SO2, Ang II and Ang II+SO2 groups. Blood pressure and myocardial hypertrophy of the mice were measured two weeks after Ang II administration...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
X H Sun, M S Yin, Y L Mu
Objective: To investigate the alterations of mTOR signaling pathway and autophagy in the development of type 2 diabetes and early diabetic cardiomyopathy and to study their roles in pathogenesis of diabetic myocardium. Methods: A type 2 diabetes rat model was established by injection of streptozocin after five-week of high fat diet. The rats were randomly divided into control group, experiment group of 2 weeks and experiment group of 4 weeks. Alterations of mTOR, p-mTOR, S6K1, Beclin-1 and LC3-Ⅱ expression in myocardium were determined by Western blot and immunohistochemistry...
October 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Ji Hye Park, Sung Hyun Choi, Hyungtae Kim, Seung Taek Ji, Woong Bi Jang, Jae Ho Kim, Sang Hong Baek, Sang Mo Kwon
Doxorubicin (DOXO) is widely used to treat solid tumors. However, its clinical use is limited by side effects including serious cardiotoxicity due to cardiomyocyte damage. Resident cardiac progenitor cells (hCPCs) act as key regulators of homeostasis in myocardial cells. However, little is known about the function of hCPCs in DOXO-induced cardiotoxicity. In this study, we found that DOXO-mediated hCPC toxicity is closely related to calcium-related autophagy signaling and was significantly attenuated by blocking mTOR signaling in human hCPCs...
October 9, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Qunjun Duan, Weijun Yang, Daming Jiang, Kaiyu Tao, Aiqiang Dong, Haifeng Cheng
Myocardial infarction could result in high morbidity and mortality and heart diseases of children have becoming prevalent. Functions of spermine administration on cardiomyocytes remain unknown. The present study was designed to investigate the role of spermine pretreatment on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). A cell model of simulated ischemia/reperfusion injury was established by incubating neonatal Sprague-Dawley rat cardiomyocytes in ischemia medium and re-cultured in normal medium. Of note, spermine pretreatment significantly reduced apoptosis and increased viability of immature cardiomyocytes...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Shivika S Gupta, Matthew R Zeglinski, Sunil G Rattan, Natalie M Landry, Saeid Ghavami, Jeffrey T Wigle, Thomas Klonisch, Andrew J Halayko, Ian M C Dixon
The incidence of heart failure with concomitant cardiac fibrosis is very high in developed countries. Fibroblast activation in heart is causal to cardiac fibrosis as they convert to hypersynthetic cardiac myofibroblasts. There is no known treatment for cardiac fibrosis. Myofibroblasts contribute to the inappropriate remodeling of the myocardial interstitium, which leads to reduced cardiac function and ultimately heart failure. Elevated levels of autophagy have been linked to stress-induced ventricular remodeling and other cardiac diseases...
October 1, 2016: Oncotarget
Antoine Heni Chaanine, Erik Kohlbrenner, Scott I Gamb, Adam J Guenzel, Katherine A Klaus, Ahmed U Fayyaz, K Sreekumaran Nair, Roger J Hajjar, Margaret M Redfield
The Forkhead box O3a (FOXO3a) transcription factor has been shown to regulate glucose metabolism, muscle atrophy and cell death in post-mitotic cells. Its role in regulating mitochondrial and myocardial function is not well studied. Based on previous work, we hypothesized that FOXO3a, through BNIP3, modulates mitochondrial morphology and function in HF. We modulated the FOXO3a-BNIP3 pathway in normal and phenylephrine (PE) stressed adult cardiac myocytes (ACM) in vitro and developed a cardiotropic adeno-associated virus serotype 9 encoding dominant-negative FOXO3a (AAV9...
September 30, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Yuanyuan Hao, Qun Lu, Guodong Yang, Aiqun Ma
BACKGROUND: Myocardial remodeling and cardiac dysfunction prevention may represent a therapeutic approach to reduce mortality in patients with myocardial infarction (MI). We investigated the effects of Lin28a in experimental MI models, as well as the mechanisms underlying these effects. METHODS: Left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery ligation was used to construct an MI-induced injury model. Neonatal cardiomyocytes were isolated and cultured to investigate the mechanisms underlying the protective effects of Lin28a against MI-induced injury...
October 28, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Shashi Kumar Gupta, Ariana Foinquinos, Sabrina Thum, Janet Remke, Karina Zimmer, Christophe Bauters, Pascal de Groote, Reinier A Boon, Leon J de Windt, Sebastian Preissl, Lutz Hein, Sandor Batkai, Florence Pinet, Thomas Thum
BACKGROUND: Aging populations show higher incidences of myocardial infarction (MI) and heart failure (HF). Cardiac remodeling post-MI leads to progressive impaired cardiac function caused by a disarray of several processes including derailed autophagy. Microribonucleic acids (miRNAs) are known to be key players in cardiovascular disease but their involvement in cardiac autophagy and aging is not well understood. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to identify new miRNA candidates that regulate cardiac autophagy and aging...
October 4, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Qihai Xie, Tong Wei, Chenglin Huang, Penghao Liu, Mengwei Sun, Weili Shen, Pingjin Gao
NLRP3 is involved in obesity-induced cardiac remodeling and dysfunction. In this study, we evaluated whether the cardiac protective effects of nebivolol relied on attenuating NLRP3 activation in a juvenile-adolescent animal model of diet-induced obesity. Weaning male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with either a standard chow diet (ND) or a high-fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks. The obese rats were subsequently subdivided into three groups: 1) HFD control group; 2) HFD with low-dose nebivolol (5 mg/kg/d); 3) HFD with high-dose nebivolol (10 mg/kg/d)...
September 30, 2016: Scientific Reports
Nan Hu, Jun Ren, Yingmei Zhang
Insulin resistance contributes to the high prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, leading to cardiac anomalies. Emerging evidence depicts a pivotal role for mitochondrial injury in oxidative metabolism and insulin resistance. Mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) is one of metabolic enzymes detoxifying aldehydes although its role in insulin resistance remains elusive. This study was designed to evaluate the impact of ALDH2 overexpression on insulin resistance-induced myocardial damage and mechanisms involved with a focus on autophagy...
September 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Theodora Tzanavari, Aimilia Varela, Stamatis Theocharis, Elpinickie Ninou, Alkistis Kapelouzou, Dennis V Cokkinos, Maria I Kontaridis, Katia P Karalis
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Metformin administration is associated with myocardial protection during ischemia and/or reperfusion, possibly via inhibition of inflammatory responses in the heart. Exposure to pathogens, in addition to the activation of the immune system and the associated metabolic dysfunction, often results in compromised myocardial function. We examined whether metformin administration could maintain the normal myocardial function in experimental moderate Gram negative infection, induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration...
October 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Lichun Zhou, Baohua Ma, Xiuzhen Han
Pathological cardiac hypertrophy is associated with nearly all forms of heart failure. It develops in response to disorders such as coronary artery disease, hypertension and myocardial infarction. Angiotensin II (Ang II) has direct effects on the myocardium and promotes hypertension. Chronic elevation of Ang II can lead to pathological cardiac hypertrophy and cardiac failure. Autophagy is an important process in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. Under physiological conditions, autophagy is an essential homeostatic mechanism to maintain the global cardiac structure function by ridding damaged cells or unwanted macromolecules and organelles...
November 2016: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
Mingming Zhang, Zhijing Zhao, Min Shen, Yingmei Zhang, Jianhong Duan, Yanjie Guo, Dongwei Zhang, Jianqiang Hu, Jie Lin, Wanrong Man, Lichao Hou, Haichang Wang, Dongdong Sun
Myocardial infarction (MI), which is characterized by chamber dilation and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Polydatin (PD), a monocrystalline and polyphenolic drug isolated from a traditional Chinese herb (Polygonum cuspidatum), alleviates mitochondrial dysfunction. We investigated the effects and underlying mechanisms of PD in post-MI cardiac dysfunction. We constructed an MI model by left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery ligation using wild-type (WT) and Sirt3 knockout (Sirt3(-/-)) mice...
September 7, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Juana P Sánchez-Villamil, Verónica D'Annunzio, Paola Finocchietto, Silvia Holod, Inés Rebagliati, Hernán Pérez, Jorge G Peralta, Ricardo J Gelpi, Juan J Poderoso, María C Carreras
Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction is associated with increased oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. Current evidence suggests a protective role of thioredoxin-1 (Trx1) in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. However, it is unknown yet a putative role of Trx1 in sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction, in which oxidative stress is an underlying cause. Transgenic male mice with Trx1 cardiac-specific overexpression (Trx1-Tg) and its wild-type control (wt) were subjected to cecal ligation and puncture or sham surgery...
August 31, 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Dan Li, Jun Wang, Jincai Hou, Jianhua Fu, Jianxun Liu, Ruichao Lin
BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a novel class of powerful, endogenous regulators of gene expression. This study was designed to ascertain if miR-30a is involved in the cardioprotective actions of salvianolic acid B (Sal B) against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury through suppression of autophagy. METHODS: Murine myocardial cells that had undergone primary culture were induced by I-R and incubated with Sal B (25, 50, 100 μM) in the presence of a miR-30a mimic or miR-30a inhibitor...
2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Eleonora Foglio, Giovanni Puddighinu, Antonia Germani, Matteo A Russo, Federica Limana
Exogenous High Mobility Group Box-1 protein (HMGB1) has been reported to protect the infarcted heart but the underlying mechanism is quite complex. In particular, its effect on ischemic cardiomyocytes has been poorly investigated. Aim of the present study was to verify whether and how autophagy and apoptosis were involved in HMGB1-induced heart repair following myocardial infarction (MI). HMGB1 (200 ng) or denatured HMGB1 were injected in the peri-infarcted region of mouse hearts following acute MI. Three days after treatment, an upregulation of autophagy was detected in infarcted HMGB1 treated hearts compared to controls...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Guoran Li, Guokun Wang, Liangliang Ma, Jun Guo, Jingwen Song, Liping Ma, Xianxian Zhao
microRNAs (miRNAs) are short noncoding RNAs that function in RNA silencing and post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. They play critical regulatory roles in many cardiovascular diseases, including ischemia-induced cardiac injury. Here, we report microRNA-22, highly expressed in the heart, can protect cardiomyocytes from starvation-induced injury through promoting autophagy and inhibiting apoptosis. Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) demonstrated that the expression of miR-22 in starvation-treated neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) was markedly down-regulated...
September 23, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Renáta Gáspár, Márton Pipicz, Fatime Hawchar, Dávid Kovács, Luna Djirackor, Anikó Görbe, Zoltán V Varga, Mónika Kiricsi, Goran Petrovski, Attila Gácser, Csaba Csonka, Tamás Csont
AIMS: Exogenously administered biglycan (core protein with high-molecular weight glycosaminoglycan chains) has been shown to protect neonatal cardiomyocytes against simulated ischemia/reperfusion injury (SI/R), however, the mechanism of action is not clear. In this study we aimed to investigate, which structural component of biglycan is responsible for its cardiocytoprotective effect and to further explore the molecular mechanisms involved in the cytoprotection. METHODS AND RESULTS: A pilot study was conducted to demonstrate that both native (glycanated) and deglycanated biglycan can attenuate cell death induced by SI/R in a dose-dependent manner in primary neonatal cardiomyocytes isolated from Wistar rats...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Qiulun Lu, Yufeng Yao, Zhenkun Hu, Changqing Hu, Qixue Song, Jian Ye, Chengqi Xu, Annabel Z Wang, Qiuyun Chen, Qing Kenneth Wang
AGGF1 is an angiogenic factor with therapeutic potential to treat coronary artery disease (CAD) and myocardial infarction (MI). However, the underlying mechanism for AGGF1-mediated therapeutic angiogenesis is unknown. Here, we show for the first time that AGGF1 activates autophagy, a housekeeping catabolic cellular process, in endothelial cells (ECs), HL1, H9C2, and vascular smooth muscle cells. Studies with Atg5 small interfering RNA (siRNA) and the autophagy inhibitors bafilomycin A1 (Baf) and chloroquine demonstrate that autophagy is required for AGGF1-mediated EC proliferation, migration, capillary tube formation, and aortic ring-based angiogenesis...
August 2016: PLoS Biology
Dzmitry Matsiukevich, Giovanna Piraino, Lindsey R Klingbeil, Paul W Hake, Vivian Wolfe, Michael O'Connor, Basilia Zingarelli
The development of myocardial dysfunction in patients with hemorrhagic shock is significantly impacted by the patient age. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a pivotal orchestrator of energy homeostasis, which coordinates metabolic recovery after cellular stress. We investigated whether AMPK-regulated pathways are age-dependent in hemorrhage-induced myocardial injury and whether AMPK activation by 5-amino-4-imidazole carboxamide riboside (AICAR) affords cardioprotective effects. Anesthetized C57/BL6 young (3-5 months old) and mature male mice (9-12 months old) were subjected to hemorrhagic shock by blood withdrawing followed by resuscitation with shed blood and Lactated Ringer's solution...
August 10, 2016: Shock
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