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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734264/a-small-scale-portable-method-for-extracting-microplastics-from-marine-sediments
#1
Rachel L Coppock, Matthew Cole, Penelope K Lindeque, Ana M Queirós, Tamara S Galloway
Microplastics (plastic particles, 0.1 μm-5 mm in size) are widespread marine pollutants, accumulating in benthic sediments and shorelines the world over. To gain a clearer understanding of microplastic availability to marine life, and the risks they pose to the health of benthic communities, ecological processes and food security, it is important to obtain accurate measures of microplastic abundance in marine sediments. To date, methods for extracting microplastics from marine sediments have been disadvantaged by complexity, expense, low extraction efficiencies and incompatibility with very fine sediments...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732213/comparison-of-blood-collection-tubes-from-three-different-manufacturers-for-the-collection-of-cell-free-dna-for-liquid-biopsy-mutation-testing
#2
Christina Alidousty, Danielle Brandes, Carina Heydt, Svenja Wagener, Maike Wittersheim, Stephan Christian Schäfer, Barbara Holz, Sabine Merkelbach-Bruse, Reinhard Büttner, Jana Fassunke, Anne Maria Schultheis
The improvement in sensitive techniques has allowed the detection of tumor-specific aberrations in circulating tumor (ct) DNA. Amplification-refractory mutation system PCR has been used for the analysis of ctDNA to detect resistance-causing mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor gene (eg, EGFR T790M) in lung cancer patients. So far, Streck tubes have been widely used as standard blood collection tubes. Here, we compared blood collection tubes manufactured by Streck with tubes from Roche and Qiagen regarding their utility in stabilizing ctDNA in plasma samples...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Molecular Diagnostics: JMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731116/liquid-exfoliation-of-2d-mos2-nanosheets-and-their-utilization-as-a-label-free-electrochemical-immunoassay-for-subclinical-ketosis
#3
Satish K Tuteja, Todd Duffield, Suresh Neethirajan
We report the step-by-step fabrication of a 2D MoS2 nanostructure-based disposable electrochemical immunosensor to detect β-hydroxybutyrate (βHBA), a novel subclinical ketosis biomarker. The MoS2 nanosheets were exfoliated in the liquid phase by ultrasonication, and then followed by deposition on gold colloid modified screen-printed electrodes (Au-SPE). The MoS2-modified electrodes were thoroughly characterized by physical, electrochemical as well as spectroscopic techniques, and the obtained results indicate the successful and irreversible electrodeposition of MoS2 nanosheets...
July 21, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730576/effects-of-boron-supplementation-on-expression-of-hsp70-in-the-spleen-of-african-ostrich
#4
Khaliq Haseeb, Jing Wang, Ke Xiao, Ke-Li Yang, Peng-Peng Sun, Xing-Tong Wu, You Luo, Hui Song, Hua-Zhen Liu, Ju-Ming Zhong, Ke-Mei Peng
Increased synthesis of heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) occurs in prokaryotes and eukaryotes in response to physiological, environmental, and chemical exposures, thus allowing the cell survival from fatal conditions. Hsp70 cytoprotective properties may be clarified by its anti-apoptotic function. Boron has been reported to play an essential role in various organ developments and metabolisms. However, it is not known if boron is also able to modulate the Hsp70. In the present study, the actions of boron on ostrich spleen and expression level of Hsp70 were investigated...
July 20, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730523/antibody-dependent-enhancement-of-serotype-ii-feline-enteric-coronavirus-infection-in-primary-feline-monocytes
#5
Tomomi Takano, Mamiko Nakaguchi, Tomoyoshi Doki, Tsutomu Hohdatsu
Feline coronavirus (FCoV) has been classified into two biotypes: avirulent feline coronavirus (feline enteric coronavirus: FECV) and virulent feline coronavirus (feline infectious peritonitis virus: FIPV). In FIPV infection, antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) has been reported and was shown to be associated with severe clinical disease. On the other hand, the potential role of ADE in FECV infection has not been examined. In this study, using laboratory strains of serotype II FIPV WSU 79-1146 (FIPV 79-1146) and serotype II FECV WSU 79-1683 (FECV 79-1683), we investigated the relationship between ADE and induction of inflammatory cytokines, which are pathogenesis-related factors, for each strain...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729934/effect-of-lamotrigine-on-seizure-development-in-a-rat-pentylenetetrazole-kindling-model
#6
Yishu Chen, Xiaokuo He, Qianqian Sun, Ziyan Fang, Liemin Zhou
INTRODUCTION: Epileptogenesis is a process of seizure development. Lamotrigine is a novel antiepileptic drug which is also used for antiepileptogenic research. Kindling models are recommended as potentially useful tools for antiepileptogenic treatment discovery. However, previous studies demonstrated that the antiepileptogenic effect of lamotrigine is controversial in the electrical kindling model. Chemical kindling such as with pentylenetetrazole is another kindling model. The aims of this study were to examine whether lamotrigine could prevent the development of seizure in pentylenetetrazole kindling rats...
July 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729916/dynamic-expression-of-cx36-protein-in-kainic-acid-kindling-induced-epilepsy
#7
Xue-Mei Wu, Guang-Liang Wang, Xiao-Sheng Hao, Jia-Chun Feng
Connexin (Cx) 36 is known to be a component of gap junctions, and has been suggested to play an important role in epilepsy. In order to determine dynamic changes of Cx36 protein expression in epilepsy and investigate the role of Cx36 in electroencephalographic activity and pathogenesis, we utilized kainic acid (KA) to induce epileptogenesis. We found that epileptic discharges began 71.8 ± 23.7 s after KA administration. Spike frequency and amplitude of epileptiform activity reached maximal levels at 30 ± 5...
2017: Translational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729759/transcriptome-wide-identification-and-characterization-of-starch-branching-enzyme-in-finger-millet
#8
Rajhans Tyagi, Apoorv Tiwari, Vijay Kumar Garg, Sanjay Gupta
Starch-branching enzymes (SBEs) are one of the four major enzyme classes involved in starch biosynthesis in plants and play an important role in determining the structure and physical properties of starch granules. Multiple SBEs are involved in starch biosynthesis in plants. Finger millet is calcium rich important serial crop belongs to grass family and the transcriptome data of developing spikes is available on NCBI. In this study it was try to find out the gene sequence of starch branching enzyme and annotate the sequence and submit the sequence for further use...
2017: Bioinformation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729438/electrophysiological-evidence-that-the-retrosplenial-cortex-displays-a-strong-and-specific-activation-phased-with-hippocampal-theta-during-paradoxical-rem-sleep
#9
Koike Bruna Del Vechio, Farias Kelly Soares, Billwiller Francesca, Almeida-Filho Daniel, Libourel Paul-Antoine, Tiran-Cappello Alix, Parmentier Régis, Blanco Wilfredo, Ribeiro Sidarta, Luppi Pierre-Herve, Queiroz Claudio Marcos
It is widely accepted that cortical neurons are similarly more activated during waking and paradoxical sleep (PS, aka REM) than during slow wave sleep (SWS). However, we recently reported using Fos labeling that only a few limbic cortical structures including the retrosplenial (RSC) and anterior cingulate (ACA) cortices contain a large number of neurons activated during PS hypersomnia. Our aim in the present study was to record local field potentials (LFPs) and unit activity from these two structures across all vigilance states in freely moving male rats to determine whether the RSC and the ACA are electrophysiologically specifically active during basal PS episodes...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728024/origins-of-cell-type-specific-olfactory-processing-in-the-drosophila-mushroom-body-circuit
#10
Kengo Inada, Yoshiko Tsuchimoto, Hokto Kazama
How cell-type-specific physiological properties shape neuronal functions in a circuit remains poorly understood. We addressed this issue in the Drosophila mushroom body (MB), a higher olfactory circuit, where neurons belonging to distinct glomeruli in the antennal lobe feed excitation to three types of intrinsic neurons, α/β, α'/β', and γ Kenyon cells (KCs). Two-photon optogenetics and intracellular recording revealed that whereas glomerular inputs add similarly in all KCs, spikes were generated most readily in α'/β' KCs...
July 19, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727917/a-3d-printed-portable-optical-sensing-platform-for-smartphones-capable-of-detecting-the-herbicide-2-4-dichlorophenoxyacetic-acid
#11
Yijia Wang, Mohamed Maarouf Ali Zeinhom, Mingming Yang, Rongrong Sun, Shengfu Wang, Jordan N Smith, Charles Timchalk, Lei Li, Yuehe Lin, Dan Du
Onsite rapid detection of herbicide and herbicide residuals in environmental and biological specimens is important for agriculture, environment, food safety, and health care. Traditional method for herbicide detection requires expensive laboratory equipment and a long turn-round time. In this work, we developed a single-stripe microliter plate smartphone colorimetric device for rapid and low-cost in-field test. This portable smartphone platform is capable of screening 8 samples in a microplate single-stripe...
July 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727723/analytical-sensitivity-and-specificity-of-a-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-lamp-kit-prototype-for-detection-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-dna-in-human-blood-samples
#12
Susana A Besuschio, Mónica Llano Murcia, Alejandro F Benatar, Severine Monnerat, Israel Cruz Mata, Albert Picado de Puig, María de Los Ángeles Curto, Yutaka Kubota, Diana P Wehrendt, Paula Pavia, Yasuyoshi Mori, Concepción Puerta, Joseph M Ndung'u, Alejandro G Schijman
This study aimed to assess analytical parameters of a prototype LAMP kit that was designed for detection of Trypanosoma cruzi DNA in human blood. The prototype is based on the amplification of the highly repetitive satellite sequence of T.cruzi in microtubes containing dried reagents on the inside of the caps. The reaction is carried out at 65°C during 40 minutes. Calcein allows direct detection of amplified products with the naked eye. Inclusivity and selectivity were tested in purified DNA from Trypanosoma cruzi stocks belonging to the six discrete typing units (DTUs), in DNA from other protozoan parasites and in human DNA...
July 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727685/erbb4-signaling-in-dopaminergic-axonal-projections-increases-extracellular-dopamine-levels-and-regulates-spatial-working-memory-behaviors
#13
M Skirzewski, I Karavanova, A Shamir, L Erben, J Garcia-Olivares, J H Shin, D Vullhorst, V A Alvarez, S G Amara, A Buonanno
Genetic variants of Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) and its neuronal tyrosine kinase receptor ErbB4 are associated with risk for schizophrenia, a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by excitatory/inhibitory imbalance and dopamine (DA) dysfunction. To date, most ErbB4 studies have focused on GABAergic interneurons in the hippocampus and neocortex, particularly fast-spiking parvalbumin-positive (PV+) basket cells. However, NRG has also been shown to modulate DA levels, suggesting a role for ErbB4 signaling in dopaminergic neuron function...
July 20, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726769/activity-dependent-feedback-inhibition-may-maintain-head-direction-signals-in-mouse-presubiculum
#14
Jean Simonnet, Mérie Nassar, Federico Stella, Ivan Cohen, Bertrand Mathon, Charlotte N Boccara, Richard Miles, Desdemona Fricker
Orientation in space is represented in specialized brain circuits. Persistent head direction signals are transmitted from anterior thalamus to the presubiculum, but the identity of the presubicular target neurons, their connectivity and function in local microcircuits are unknown. Here, we examine how thalamic afferents recruit presubicular principal neurons and Martinotti interneurons, and the ensuing synaptic interactions between these cells. Pyramidal neuron activation of Martinotti cells in superficial layers is strongly facilitating such that high-frequency head directional stimulation efficiently unmutes synaptic excitation...
July 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726703/high-performance-magnetic-chicken-bone-based-biochar-for-efficient-removal-of-rhodamine-b-dye-and-tetracycline-competitive-sorption-analysis
#15
Akeem Adeyemi Oladipo, Ayodeji Olugbenga Ifebajo, Numrah Nisar, Olusegun Ayoola Ajayi
Magnetic chicken bone-based biochar (MCBB) was successfully prepared and efficiently adsorbed rhodamine-B (RB) dye and tetracycline (TC) in multi-component systems. The magnetisation value, surface area, and pHpzc of the MCBB were found to be 66.5 emu/g, 328 m(2)/g, and 8.3, respectively. RB has higher saturation capacity (96.5 mg/g) and occupies more active sites on MCBB, thus limiting the sorption of TC with lower saturation capacity (63.3 mg/g). Langmuir isotherm suitably describes the sorption process in a single-component system; however, the multi-component system was well fitted to the Sheindorf-Rebhun-Sheintuch model...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725315/oligoclonal-pattern-abnormal-protein-bands-in-post-treatment-plasma-cell-myeloma-patients-implications-for-protein-electrophoresis-and-serum-free-light-chain-assay-results
#16
Gurmukh Singh
BACKGROUND: The impact of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in plasma cell myeloma patients on the frequency, quality, and timing of oligoclonal pattern in serum protein electrophoresis/immunofixation electrophoresis (SPEP/SIFE) and serum free light chain assay (SFLCA) was evaluated. METHODS: Laboratory results and clinical data for 251 patients with plasma cell myeloma, who had SPEP/SIFE and/or SFLCA performed between January 2010 and December 2016 were reviewed...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725000/trivalent-y-3-ionic-sensor-development-based-on-e-methyl-n-nitrobenzylidene-benzenesulfonohydrazide-mnbbsh-derivatives-modified-with-nafion-matrix
#17
Mohammad Musarraf Hussain, Mohammed M Rahman, Muhammad Nadeem Arshad, Abdullah M Asiri
(E)-Methyl-N'-nitrobenzylidene-benzenesulfonohydrazide (MNBBSH) compounds were synthesized using a condensation procedure from the derivatives of nitrobenzaldehyde and 4-Methyl-benzenesulfonylhydrazine, which crystallized in ethanol and methanol as well as characterized by FTIR, UV-Vis, (1)H-NMR, and (13)C-NMR. MNBBSH structure was confirmed using a single crystal X-ray diffraction technique and used for the detection of selective yttrium ion (Y(3+)) by I-V system. A thin layer of MNBBSH was deposited onto a glassy carbon electrode (GCE) with 5% nafion for the sensitive and selective Y(3+) sensor...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724941/novel-small-rna-spike-in-oligonucleotides-enable-absolute-normalization-of-small-rna-seq-data
#18
Stefan Lutzmayer, Balaji Enugutti, Michael D Nodine
Normalization of high-throughput small RNA sequencing (sRNA-Seq) data is required to compare sRNA levels across different samples. Commonly used relative normalization approaches can cause erroneous conclusions due to fluctuating small RNA populations between tissues. We developed a set of sRNA spike-in oligonucleotides (sRNA spike-ins) that enable absolute normalization of sRNA-Seq data across independent experiments, as well as the genome-wide estimation of sRNA:mRNA stoichiometries when used together with mRNA spike-in oligonucleotides...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724900/enhanced-differential-expression-statistics-for-data-independent-acquisition-proteomics
#19
Tomi Suomi, Laura L Elo
We describe a new reproducibility-optimization method ROPECA for statistical analysis of proteomics data with a specific focus on the emerging data-independent acquisition (DIA) mass spectrometry technology. ROPECA optimizes the reproducibility of statistical testing on peptide-level and aggregates the peptide-level changes to determine differential protein-level expression. Using a 'gold standard' spike-in data and a hybrid proteome benchmark data we show the competitive performance of ROPECA over conventional protein-based analysis as well as state-of-the-art peptide-based tools especially in DIA data with consistent peptide measurements...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724786/emergent-cortical-circuit-dynamics-contain-dense-interwoven-ensembles-of-spike-sequences
#20
Joseph B Dechery, Jason N MacLean
Temporal codes are theoretically powerful encoding schemes, but their precise form in neocortex remains unknown in part because of the large number of possible codes and the difficulty in disambiguating informative spikes from statistical noise. A biologically plausible and computationally powerful temporal coding scheme is the Hebbian assembly phase sequence (APS), which predicts reliable propagation of spikes between functionally related assemblies of neurons. Here, we sought to measure the inherent capacity of neocortical networks to produce reliable sequences of spikes, as would be predicted by an APS code...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
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