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Lupus AND steroids AND sodium

D Prasad, D Agarwal, V Malhotra, P Beniwal
We report recurrent hypokalemic periodic quadriparesis in a 30-year-old woman. Patient had also symptoms of multiple large and small joint pain, recurrent oral ulceration, photosensitivity and hair loss that were persisting since last 6 months and investigations revealed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with distal tubular acidosis. Our patient was successfully treated with oral potassium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, hydroxychloroquine and a short course of steroids. Thus, tubular dysfunction should be carefully assessed in patients with SLE...
September 2014: Indian Journal of Nephrology
Fariz Yahya, Raja Jasmin, Chin Teck Ng, Tien Eang Cheah, Sargunan Sockalingam
AIM: Mycophenolate is an immunosuppressive agent which has been used in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients who have failed conventional therapy. However, the use of mycophenolate sodium in extra-renal SLE involvement has yet to be established. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of mycophenolate sodium in extra-renal SLE. METHODS: A total of 14 SLE patients without renal involvement were randomized either to receive mycophenolate sodium or other immunosuppressive agents...
December 2013: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Xiao-Mei Zhuang, Ping-Xia Liu, Yu-Jie Zhang, Chang-Kun Li, Ying Li, Juan Wang, Lei Zhou, Zhen-Qing Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tripterygium wilfordii HOOK F (TWHF) is a traditional Chinese medicine used in the treatment of various autoimmune diseases and inflammatory disorders including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and skin diseases. Triptolide (TP) is one of the main active ingredients of this traditional Chinese medicine. MC002 is a novel semi-synthetic derivate of TP which is highly water soluble, acts as a prodrug and is converted to TP in vivo...
October 28, 2013: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Bruno Hagenbuch, Bruno Stieger
The members of the organic anion transporting polypeptide superfamily (OATPs) are classified within the SLCO solute carrier family. All functionally well characterized members are predicted to have 12 transmembrane domains and are sodium-independent transport systems that mediate the transport of a broad range of endo- as well as xenobiotics. Substrates are mainly amphipathic organic anions with a molecular weight of more than 300Da, but some of the known transported substrates are also neutral or even positively charged...
April 2013: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
Atsushi Kamei, Manami Akasaka, Nami Soga, Yu Suzuki, Mare Uchide, Shoichi Chida
We report a case of Aicardi-Goutières syndrome with systemic lupus erythematosus and hypothyroidism. A 3-year-old girl, diagnosed with Aicardi-Goutières syndrome at 9 months, was transferred to our hospital for fever of unknown origin. Severe spasticity with dystonic posturing and flexion contracture of the limbs were noted. Interstitial pneumonia with pleural effusion was evident. Immunological investigations revealed positive antinuclear antibodies and reduced thyroid function. Prompt treatment with steroids, cyclophosphamide, and levothyroxine sodium hydrate elicited a good response...
January 2013: Brain & Development
Yuzo Suzuki, Hiroshi Hayakawa, Miho Murakami, Hisano Ohba, Seiichi Miwa, Masahiro Shirai, Takafumi Suda, Kingo Chida
A 52-year old woman admitted to our hospital because of productive cough and dyspnea. Breathing room air arterial blood gases, revealed severe hypoxemia (P/F ratio 185 mmHg) and Chest CT showed diffuse ground glass opacities in both lung fields. Respiratory failure gradually improved after steroid pulse therapy, sivelestat sodium hydrate and antibiotics. However, a mosaic pattern attenuation in the lung parenchyma on Chest CT remained and ultrasonic cardiography showed dilation of right ventricle. Since the presence of V/Q mismatch in pulmonary perfusion and ventilation scintigrams and lupus anticoagulant were detected, we finally diagnosed acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) associated with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)...
November 2008: Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai Zasshi, the Journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
Camilla Dalle Vedove, Micol Del Giglio, Donatella Schena, Giampiero Girolomoni
Drug-induced lupus erythematosus (DILE) is defined as a lupus-like syndrome temporally related to continuous drug exposure which resolves after discontinuation of the offending drug. There are currently no standard diagnostic criteria for DILE and the pathomechanisms are still unclear. Similarly to idiopathic lupus, DILE can be diveded into systemic (SLE), subacute cutaneous (SCLE) and chronic cutaneous lupus (CCLE). Systemic DILE is characterized by typical lupus-like symptoms including skin signs, usually mild systemic involvement and a typical laboratory profile with positive antinuclear and anti-histone antibodies, while anti-double strand (ds) DNA and anti-extractable nuclear antigens antibodies are rare...
January 2009: Archives of Dermatological Research
Arash A Horizon, Daniel J Wallace
Nearly 80% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are treated with NSAIDs for fever, arthritis, serositis and headaches. This article reviews currently available literature on non-selective and selective inhibitors of cyclooxygenases, with an emphasis on the efficacy and safety profile reported in SLE patients. All NSAIDs, regardless of their cyclooxygenase selectivity, induced renal side effects including sodium retention and reduction in glomerular filtration rate. In addition, lupus nephritis is a risk factor for NSAID-induced acute renal failure...
July 2004: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
Twenty-nine patients with systemic lupus erythematosus were treated with a new synthetic unsaturated prednisolone derivative, triamcinolone, for as long as 11 months. This hormone is 1.3 times as powerful as prednisone and 4.4 times more potent than hydrocortisone as an anti-inflammatory agent. The average dose for beginning therapy in cases of mild systemic lupus erythematosus was 20.6 mg. a day. The average maintenance dose used to control mild exacerbations of the disease was 26.0 mg. a day. There was no evidence of sodium retention or potassium loss...
September 1958: California Medicine
Junichiro James Kazama, Keiko Kutsuwada, Ken Ataka, Hiroki Maruyama, Fumitake Gejyo
A clinical investigation was conducted to clarify the reliability and efficacy of serum cystatin C measurement for estimation of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Two hundred twelve patients with various renal diseases enrolled in the study. All patients were evaluated for 24-hour creatinine clearance (24 h C(Cr)) and the standard sodium thiosulfate clearance test (C(Thio)) within a week of blood sample collection. Serum cystatin C concentration was determined by a particle-enhanced immunonephelometry method...
May 2002: Nephron
M Østensen, P M Villiger
Up to 80% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) for musculoskeletal symptoms, serositis and headache. This survey reviews the literature on non-selective and selective inhibitors of cyclooxygenases with an emphasis on the efficacy and safety profile reported in SLE patients. No lupus-specific data on gastro-intestinal side effects of NSAID exist. Both non-selective Cox-inhibitors and selective Cox-2 inhibitors induce renal side effects including sodium retention and reduction of the glomerular filtration rate...
2001: Lupus
M Ostensen, P M Villiger
Up to 80% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) for musculoskeletal symptoms, serositis and headache. This survey reviews the literature on non-selective and selective inhibitors of cyclooxygenases, with an emphasis on the efficacy and safety profile reported in SLE patients. No lupus-specific data on gastro-intestinal side effects of NSAID exist. Both non-selective Cox inhibitors and selective Cox-2 inhibitors induce renal side effects, including sodium retention and reduction of the glomerular filtration rate...
2000: Lupus
H Ooiwa, T Miyazawa, Y Yamanishi, K Hiyama, S Ishioka, M Yamakido
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is sometimes reported to complicate fatal pulmonary hypertension. A 46-year-old woman, with a ten-year history of SLE and pulmonary hypertension, was admitted to our hospital complaining of dyspnea and chest pain. She suffered pulmonary hemorrhage and after steroid pulse therapy, she underwent continuous intravenous infusion of epoprostenol (prostaglandin I2) with corticosteroid for four weeks, which reduced the pulmonary artery pressure and resistance. Following the successful treatment, beraprost sodium, an oral PGI2 analogue, was given and it maintained pulmonary hypertension remittance for four years...
April 2000: Internal Medicine
M Ubukata, M Motegi, Y Sendo, T Suzuki
A 24-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of pulmonary hypertension. Five years earlier, she had been given a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus. The pulmonary hypertension was believed to have been caused by pulmonary vasculitis, because pulmonary angiography, nuclear perfusion scans, and axial magnetic resonance imaging of the pulmonary artery showed no evidence of pulmonary thromboembolism. Steroids, a calcium antagonist, and home oxygen therapy did not reduce the patient's pulmonary hypertension...
November 1995: Nihon Kyōbu Shikkan Gakkai Zasshi
R Bucala, J Fishman, A Cerami
The incubation of albumin with cortisol or 16 alpha-hydroxyestrone results in the formation of covalent steroid-protein adducts. The rate of adduct formation increases in the presence of sodium cyanoborohydride (NaCNBH3), indicating that the reaction proceeds nonenzymatically through a Schiff base intermediate. Under nonreducing conditions, a stable adduct forms with cortisol and 16 alpha-hydroxyestrone but not with estrone, which lacks a hydroxyl group adjacent to the reactive carbonyl. It is hypothesized that a Heyns rearrangement involving the adjacent hydroxyl group traps the Schiff base and produces a stable ketoamine adduct...
May 1982: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
G C Tsokos, S W Caughman, J H Klippel
A 20-year-old patient had systemic lupus erythematosus and extensive generalized discoid disease that failed to respond to conventional treatment with topical steroids and high doses of hydroxychloroquine sulfate (Plaquenil). The skin lesions responded dramatically to 100 mg of azathioprine sodium daily, flared when the drug treatment was discontinued, and again responded on reinstatement of the same dosage of azathioprine. The case report suggests that extensive discoid skin lesions can be successfully treated with oral azathioprine...
October 1985: Archives of Dermatology
P V Klepikov, I M Kutyrina, I E Tareyeva
In 35 initially normotensive patients with chronic glomerulonephritis and lupus nephritis (including 27 patients with nephrotic syndrome; NS), blood pressure (BP), urinary sodium excretion, plasma renin activity (PRA), plasma aldosterone level (PA), urinary aldosterone excretion (Au and blood volume were measured before and during prednisolone treatment. In 7 patients (all with NS) steroid-induced hypertension has developed. The patients prone to develop hypertension were hypervolemic nephrotics with initial depression of PRA, PA, Au, and severe sodium retention...
1988: Nephron
I A Sheikh, A P Kaplan
Bradykinin is degraded in human plasma by a carboxypeptidase to yield desArg9-bradykinin (DBK) which is then digested by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) to the pentapeptide Arg-Pro-Pro-Gly-Phe and the tripeptide Ser-Pro-Phe. We have studied the rate of kinin degradation by each of these enzymes in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), compared with the degradation rate in degenerative joint disease and normal subjects. Carboxypeptidase activity was the same in all individuals, but ACE activity was increased in the RA and SLE patients...
February 1987: Arthritis and Rheumatism
C L Yu, C Y Tsai, C C Chiu, T S Liao, W M Lin, B N Chiang, S H Han, S R Wang
In our previous report, we demonstrated that the functions of phagocytes and lymphocytes were defective in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). In an attempt to further clarify the defective mechanisms of these cells, 25 active SLE, 10 bronchial asthma patients (BA) on corticosteroids and 25 age and sex-matched normal individuals were investigated for the expression of membraneous C3b receptors, ionophore-induced 45Ca(2+)-uptake, mitochondrial potentials and phagocytic activity of neutrophils. We found decreased expression of C3b receptors on SLE PMN in both resting (37...
July 1991: Proceedings of the National Science Council, Republic of China. Part B, Life Sciences
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