keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Birth preference

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242573/extremely-premature-birth-informed-written-consent-and-the-greek-ideal-of-sophrosyne
#1
Joseph W Kaempf, Kevin Dirksen
Most extremely premature infants die in the intensive care unit or suffer significant neurologic impairment. Many therapies result in unhealthy consequences, and the emotional and financial turmoil for families warrant reappraisal of our motives. Shared decision-making and informed consent in preference-sensitive conditions imply the family: (a) understands the medical problem, (b) grasps the risks and benefits of each therapy, (c) has the opportunity to ask questions and reflect upon options, (d) knows their values and preferences are understood, and (e) accepts or declines therapies without judgment or penalty...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233212/percutaneous-closure-of-a-large-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-a-preterm-newborn-weighing-1400-g-without-using-arterial-sheath-an-innovative-technique
#2
Gaurav Garg, Vishal Garg, Amit Prakash
Percutaneous closure of patent ductus arteriosus is well established in infants weighing >5 kg, but data regarding outcome of preterm especially very low birth weight infants is minimal. Although surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus is the preferred and well-accepted modality of treatment after failure of drug therapy in preterm infants, it has also got its own demerits in such a small and fragile subset. Device closure in infants weighing <1.5 kg is rarely attempted because of high chances of complications, especially acute arterial injury due to the arterial sheath...
December 13, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228877/homogenization-techniques-for-population-dynamics-in-strongly-heterogeneous-landscapes
#3
Brian P Yurk, Christina A Cobbold
An important problem in spatial ecology is to understand how population-scale patterns emerge from individual-level birth, death, and movement processes. These processes, which depend on local landscape characteristics, vary spatially and may exhibit sharp transitions through behavioural responses to habitat edges, leading to discontinuous population densities. Such systems can be modelled using reaction-diffusion equations with interface conditions that capture local behaviour at patch boundaries. In this work we develop a novel homogenization technique to approximate the large-scale dynamics of the system...
December 2018: Journal of Biological Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222640/clinical-effect-of-emergency-cervical-cerclage-and-elective-cervical-cerclage-on-pregnancy-outcome-in-the-cervical-incompetent-pregnant-women
#4
Qin Chen, Guiying Chen, Nan Li
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical effect of emergency cervical cerclage and elective cervical cerclage on pregnancy outcome in the cervical-incompetent pregnant women. METHODS: Literature was searched from the databases of Pubmed, Embase and Google scholar. The fixed or random effects model was used to calculate pooled risk ratios on the basis of heterogeneity. Meta-regression, sensitive analysis, subgroup analysis, and publication bias assessment were also conducted to confirm the results according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses 2009...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221693/development-of-late-circadian-preference-sleep-timing-from-childhood-to-late-adolescence
#5
Liisa Kuula, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Ilona Merikanto, Michael Gradisar, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Eero Kajantie, Katri Räikkönen
OBJECTIVES: To assess differences relating to circadian preference in objectively measured sleep patterns from childhood to adolescence over a 9-year period. We hypothesized there is developmental continuity in sleep timing and duration according to circadian preference. STUDY DESIGN: Young participants (N = 111, 65% girls) from a community-based birth cohort underwent sleep actigraphy at mean ages 8.1 (SD = 0.3), 12.3 (SD = 0.5), and 16.9 (SD = 0...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218728/a-service-concept-and-tools-to-improve-maternal-and-newborn-health-in-nigeria-and-uganda
#6
Mariana Salgado, Melanie Wendland, Damaris Rodriguez, Meghan A Bohren, Olufemi T Oladapo, Olubunmi A Ojelade, Kidza Mugerwa, Bukola Fawole
OBJECTIVE: The "Better Outcomes in Labor Difficulty" (BOLD) project used a service design process to design a set of tools to improve quality of care during childbirth by strengthening linkages between communities and health facilities in Nigeria and Uganda. This paper describes the Passport to Safer Birth concept and the tools developed as a result. METHODS: Service design methods were used to identify facilitators and barriers to quality care, and to develop human-centered solutions...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214381/exposure-to-cox-2-inhibitors-coxibs-during-the-first-trimester-and-pregnancy-outcome-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#7
Katarina Dathe, Stephanie Padberg, Stefanie Hultzsch, Luisa-Maria Köhler, Katja Meixner, Anne-Katrin Fietz, Tatjana Tissen-Diabaté, Reinhard Meister, Christof Schaefer
PURPOSE: Cox-2-inhibitors (coxibs) are not recommended in pregnancy but early exposure may occur, for instance in unplanned pregnancies. Experience in pregnancy is limited leading to concerns in patients and their health care providers. Therefore, further data on coxibs and their effects on embryogenesis are needed. METHODS: This observational cohort study evaluates pregnancies ascertained in Germany during the study period from January 2000 to January 2016. A cohort of 174 women exposed to coxibs in the first trimester was compared to a randomly selected cohort of 521 women without exposure to coxibs, other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or known teratogens...
December 7, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205595/the-pseudogenes-of-barley
#8
Verena M Prade, Heidrun Gundlach, Sven Twardziok, Brett Chapman, Cong Tan, Peter Langridge, Alan H Schulman, Nils Stein, Robbie Waugh, Guoping Zhang, Matthias Platzer, Chengdao Li, Manuel Spannagl, Klaus F X Mayer
Pseudogenes have a reputation of being 'evolutionary relics' or 'junk DNA'. While they are well characterized in mammals, studies in more complex plant genomes were so far hampered by the absence of reference genome sequences. Barley is one of the economically most important cereals and has a genome size of 5.1 Gb. With the first high-quality genome reference assembly available for a Triticeae crop, we conducted a whole genome assessment of pseudogenes on the barley genome. We identified, characterized, and classified 89,440 gene fragments and pseudogenes, scattered along the chromosomes with occasional hotspots and higher densities at the chromosome ends...
December 5, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205275/antenatal-maternal-education-for-improving-postnatal-perineal-healing-for-women-who-have-birthed-in-a-hospital-setting
#9
REVIEW
Sonia M O'Kelly, Zena Eh Moore
BACKGROUND: The female perineum becomes suffused and stretched during pregnancy, and further strain during vaginal childbirth contributes to approximately 85% of women experiencing some degree of trauma to the perineal region. Multiple factors play a role in the type and severity of trauma experienced, including parity, delivery method, and local practices. There is ongoing debate about best midwifery practice to reduce perineal trauma. Once perineal trauma has occurred, treatment also varies greatly, depending on its degree and severity, local practice and customs, and personal preference...
December 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202393/designing-a-lifestyle-intervention-to-reduce-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-postpartum-mothers-following-gestational-diabetes-an-online-survey-with-mothers-and-health-professionals
#10
Amanda P Moore, Maria I D'Amico, Natalie A M Cooper, Shakila Thangaratinam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify what components of a postpartum lifestyle intervention would engage postpartum mothers who had a diagnosis of gestational diabetes. STUDY DESIGN: Two online surveys were conducted, one involving postnatal mothers with GDM (n=83), and a second for health professionals (n=46). RESULTS: Seventy-eight percent of mothers were aware that healthy eating, exercise and weight management were all important to reduce risk of subsequent type 2 diabetes...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202077/eating-practices-during-pregnancy-perceptions-of-select-maasai-women-in-northern-tanzania
#11
Jessica Lennox, Pammla Petrucka, Sandra Bassendowski
Background: Globally, pregnant women are challenged to meet sufficient and necessary dietary intake in order to improve maternal and neonatal outcomes. These challenges are amplified in traditional communities, such as the Maasai, where the historical and cultural practices may further curtail, or impact on this dyad's potential success. The research is intended to enhance understanding of Maasai women's pregnancy and nutrition traditions as well as their beliefs. Method: Interviews with 12 pregnant Maasai women, all originally from the (Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority NCAA) area and have spent most or all of their adult lives in the NCAA, sought to answer two research questions: how do these women describe their current dietary pattern and what do they believe is the role of nutrition during pregnancy...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198502/pregnant-women-s-choice-of-birthing-hospital-a-qualitative-study-on-individuals-preferences
#12
Nasrin Tayyari Dehbarez, Stina Lou, Niels Uldbjerg, Anne Møller, Dorte Gyrd-Hansen, Rikke Søgaard
OBJECTIVE: To investigate pregnant women's decision making in relation to their choice of birthing hospital and, in particular, their priorities regarding hospital characteristics. METHODS: The focus of this study was the choice of birthing hospital among pregnant women. A qualitative interview design was used and women were recruited during their first pregnancy-related visit to a general practitioner. The interviews were conducted using a semi-structured interview guide, and a thematic analysis of the data was carried out...
November 29, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198449/effects-of-flibanserin-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-a-combined-ethinylestradiol-levonorgestrel-oral-contraceptive-in-healthy-premenopausal-women-a-randomized-crossover-study
#13
Crista Johnson-Agbakwu, Louise Brown, James Yuan, Robert Kissling, David J Greenblatt
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of steady-state exposure to flibanserin, a 5-HT1A agonist/5-HT2A antagonist approved for the treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder in premenopausal women, on the single-dose pharmacokinetics of the contraceptive steroids ethinylestradiol and levonorgestrel in healthy premenopausal women. METHODS: Healthy female volunteers (N = 24) received 2 single doses of a combined oral contraceptive containing ethinylestradiol 30 μg and levonorgestrel 150 μg, either alone (reference) or preceded by treatment with flibanserin 100 mg once daily for 14 days (test)...
November 30, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194402/nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-ten-practices-to-minimize-obesity-emerging-from-published-science
#14
Angelo Pietrobelli, Massimo Agosti
The prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity has increased in most countries the last decades. Considering this in a simplistic way, we can say that obesity is the result of an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Moreover, the environment from conception to childhood could influence the child's future health. The first 1000 days of life start with woman's pregnancy, and offer a unique window of opportunity to contribute to obesity prevention. In light of the actual literature, the aim of our article is to discuss a proposal of 10 good practices to minimize obesity in the first 1000 days emerging from published science...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186804/neonatal-nutrition-predicts-energy-balance-in-young-adults-born-preterm-at-very-low-birth-weight
#15
(no author information available yet)
Epidemiological studies and animal models suggest that early postnatal nutrition and growth can influence adult health. However, few human studies have objective recordings of early nutrient intake. We studied whether nutrient intake and growth during the first 9 weeks after preterm birth with very low birth weight (VLBW, <1500 g) predict total energy intake, resting energy expenditure (REE), physical activity and food preferences in young adulthood. We collected daily nutritional intakes and weights during the initial hospital stay from hospital records for 127 unimpaired VLBW participants...
November 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183107/insulin-sensitising-drugs-metformin-rosiglitazone-pioglitazone-d-chiro-inositol-for-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-oligo-amenorrhoea-and-subfertility
#16
REVIEW
Lara C Morley, Thomas Tang, Ephia Yasmin, Robert J Norman, Adam H Balen
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterised by infrequent or absent ovulation, and high levels of androgens and insulin (hyperinsulinaemia). Hyperinsulinaemia occurs secondary to insulin resistance and is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. Insulin-sensitising agents such as metformin may be effective in treating PCOS-related anovulation. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of insulin-sensitising drugs in improving reproductive and metabolic outcomes for women with PCOS undergoing ovulation induction...
November 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181578/practical-recommendations-for%C3%A2-fertility-preservation-in-women-by-the-fertiprotekt-network-part-ii-fertility-preservation-techniques
#17
Michael von Wolff, A Germeyer, J Liebenthron, M Korell, F Nawroth
PURPOSE: In addition to guidelines focusing on scientific evidence, practical recommendations on fertility preservation are also needed. METHODS: A selective literature search was performed based on the clinical and scientific experience of the authors. This article (Part II) focuses on fertility preservation techniques. Part I, also published in this journal, provides information on disease prognosis, disease-specific therapy, and risks for loss of fertility. RESULTS: Ovarian stimulation including double stimulation and freezing of oocytes is the best-established therapy providing live birth chances in women < 35 years with high ovarian reserve of around 30-40%...
November 27, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180906/perceived-acceptability-of-progesterone-to-prevent-preterm-births-and-low-birth-weight-among-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-zambian-pregnant-women
#18
Jeffrey Man Hay Wong, Neha Kanga, Nupur Dogra, Mary Shilalukey Ngoma, Lena Serghides, Michael Silverman
Introduction: Intramuscular and vaginal progesterone are recommended for prevention of preterm labor (PTL) in women with risk factors. Studies are emerging to indicate that HIV-infected women on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) are at risk of PTL and low birth weight (LBW), and may benefit from supplemental progesterone. This study aims to determine the perceived acceptability of various modes of progesterone supplementation to prevent PTL and LBW in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected women...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169104/reconciling-ethical-and-economic-conceptions-of-value-in-health-policy-using-the-capabilities-approach-a-qualitative-investigation-of-non-invasive-prenatal-testing
#19
Mia Kibel, Meredith Vanstone
When evaluating new morally complex health technologies, policy decision-makers consider a broad range of different evaluations, which may include the technology's clinical effectiveness, cost effectiveness, and social or ethical implications. This type of holistic assessment is challenging, because each of these evaluations may be grounded in different and potentially contradictory assumptions about the technology's value. One such technology where evaluations conflict is Non-Invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT)...
November 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168438/impact-of-sex-composition-of-living-children-and-couples-agreement-on-subsequent-fertility-in-india
#20
Anshul Kastor, Sayantani Chatterjee
The desire for children could be considered a reliable predictor of subsequent fertility. At the same time, the sex composition of surviving children, along with other demographic and socioeconomic factors, may affect a couple's fertility desire and, therefore, their subsequent fertility. This study examined the impact of the sex composition of living children and a couple's agreement on fertility desire on their subsequent fertility in India using data came from two rounds of nationally representative surveys: the India Human Development Survey (IHDS)-I (2004-05) and IHDS-II (2011-12)...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
keyword
keyword
76696
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"