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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327433/sonographic-prediction-of-outcome-of-vacuum-deliveries-a-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Birgitte H Kahrs, Sana Usman, Tullio Ghi, Aly Youssef, Erik A Torkildsen, Elsa Lindtjørn, Tilde B Østborg, Sigurlaug Benediktsdottir, Lis Brooks, Lotte Harmsen, Pål R Romundstad, Kjell Å Salvesen, Christoph C Lees, Torbjørn M Eggebø
BACKGROUND: Safe management of the second stage of labor is of great importance. Unnecessary interventions should be avoided and correct timing of interventions focused. Ultrasound assessment of fetal position and station has a potential to improve the precision in diagnosing and managing prolonged or arrested labors. The decision to perform vacuum delivery is traditionally based on subjective assessment by digital vaginal examination and clinical expertise and there is currently no method of objectively quantifying the likelihood of successful delivery...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325126/trial-of-labour-after-caesarean-section-two-year-analysis-at-a-portuguese-centre
#2
Joao Abreu-Silva, Jorge Castro, Catarina Maia, Manuela Pinho, Claudina Carvalho
We conducted a retrospective study aimed at determining variables associated with a higher success rate for vaginal delivery after caesarean section, and assessing the impact of induction of labour. Secondarily, we aimed to describe our vaginal delivery and uterine rupture rates with the use of a controlled-release dinoprostone vaginal insert for cervical ripening. Of 292 women who met the inclusion criteria, induction of labour occurred in 48% (94% with dinoprostone). There was a non-significant difference between the vaginal delivery rate of spontaneous labour (57%) and induction of labour (33%), after adjusting for confounding variables...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324224/elective-caesarean-section-on-maternal-request-in-germany-factors-affecting-decision-making-concerning-mode-of-delivery
#3
Paul Philipp Stützer, Sebastian Berlit, Stefanie Lis, Christian Schmahl, Marc Sütterlin, Benjamin Tuschy
PURPOSE: To investigate sociopsychological factors of women undergoing a caesarean section on maternal request (CSMR). METHODS: Twenty-eight women who underwent CSMR and 29 women with vaginal delivery (VD) filled in standardized questionnaires concerning psychological burden (SCL-R 90), fear of childbirth (W-DEQ, STAI), personality structure (HEXACO-Pi-R) and social support (F-SozU) as well as one questionnaire assessing potential factors influencing their mode of delivery...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315546/unintended-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-contraception-use-and-counseling-in-women-with-cancer
#4
Laura Britton
BACKGROUND: Women with past or current cancer diagnoses can benefit from planning pregnancies to optimize maternal health and birth outcomes.
. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review is to identify unmet needs for family planning services among women with cancer by describing the prevalence of contraception counseling, contraception use, unintended pregnancy, and abortion.
. METHODS: Using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines, 16 studies were included...
April 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304321/calcium-chloride-in-neonatal-parenteral-nutrition-a-15-year-experience
#5
R K Huston, J W Kaempf, M Wang, L Wang, Gary L Grunkemeier, Howard S Cohen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if outcomes at our neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) since we began using calcium chloride (CaCl2) as our preferred calcium additive in order to reduce aluminum (Al) exposure are within expected outcome ranges for NICUs in the U.S. where calcium gluconate in glass vials (CaGlu-Gl) has been the preferred additive. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of very low birth weight infants born between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2014...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302186/heritability-of-the-backtest-response-in-piglets-and-its-genetic-correlations-with-production-traits
#6
M W Iversen, J E Bolhuis, I Camerlink, W W Ursinus, I Reimert, N Duijvesteijn
The backtest response of a pig gives an indication of its coping style, that is, its preferred strategy to cope with stressful situations, which may in turn be related to production traits. The objective of this study was therefore to estimate the heritability of the backtest response and estimate genetic correlations with production traits (birth weight, growth, fat depth and loin depth). The backtest was performed by placing the piglet on its back for 60 s and the number of struggles (NrS) and vocalizations (NrV), and the latency to struggle and vocalize (LV) was recorded...
April 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301604/american-and-german-attitudes-towards-cow-calf-separation-on-dairy-farms
#7
Gesa Busch, Daniel M Weary, Achim Spiller, Marina A G von Keyserlingk
Public concerns regarding the quality of life of farm animals are often focused on specific practices such as separating the cow and calf immediately after birth. The available scientific literature provides some evidence in support of this practice (including reduced acute responses to separation when it does occur), as well as evidence of disadvantages (such as increased risk of uterine disease in cows). The aim of this study is to systematically examine public views around this practice. Specifically, this study analyzes the views of American and German citizens to separation of cow and calf at birth using a quantitative segmentation approach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285958/hypoxia-during-embryonic-development-increases-energy-metabolism-in-normoxic-juvenile-chicks
#8
Lara do Amaral-Silva, Carolina da S Scarpellini, Paula Andrea Toro-Velasquez, Marcia H M R Fernandes, Luciane H Gargaglioni, Kênia C Bícego
Environmental changes during perinatal development can affect the postnatal life. In this sense, chicken embryos that experience low levels of O2 over a specific phase of incubation can have their tissue growth reduced and the ventilatory response to hypoxia blunted, at least until hatching. Additionally, exposure to low level of O2 after birth reduces the thermogenesis as well. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that hypoxia over the third week of incubation affects the thermoregulation of juvenile chicks at an age when thermogenesis is already expected to be well-developed...
March 7, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285310/incidence-and-causes-of-intentional-fetal-or-neonatal-demise-in-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome
#9
Marjolijn S Spruijt, Ellen Tameeris, De-Peng Zhao, Johanna M Middeldorp, Monique C Haak, Dick Oepkes, Enrico Lopriore
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence and causes of intentional fetal and neonatal demise in twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: All TTTS pregnancies managed at our centre between 2000 and 2014 were included. We evaluated incidence and causes of intentional fetal/neonatal demise, defined as termination of pregnancy, selective fetal reduction, or withdrawal of neonatal intensive care. RESULTS: Intentional fetal/neonatal demise occurred in 9...
March 11, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285278/use-of-sex-selection-techniques-for-social-reasons-a-menace
#10
Sutapa Bandyopadhyay Neogi, Sanjay Zodpey, Preeti Negandhi, Rakesh Gupta
Sex selection skewed towards males is a malady that our society is grappling with. The desire to have a child of preferred gender has encouraged people to move beyond the ambit of traditions and explore scientific methods. Despite the controversies around sex-selection for social reasons and strong regulatory mechanisms in place, the demand for such measures has not gone down. On the contrary, traditional practice of consuming indigenous medicines during pregnancy for a male child continues. Recent research highlights the harms of this practice in the form of birth defects and stillbirths...
February 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282529/evidence-of-socio-economic-stress-and-female-foeticide-in-racial-disparities-in-the-gender-ratio-at-birth-in-the-united-states-1995-2014
#11
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females, expressed as M/T (male/total births), which is expected to approximate 0.515. Racial M/T disparities have been long known. This study was carried out in order to identify such disparities in different races in the United States. DESIGN: Monthly male and female live births by race for the entire US were obtained from the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for 1995-2014 for the four racial groups: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian or Pacific Islander, Black or African American and White...
March 1, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274014/urinary-uric-acid-creatinine-ratio-a-marker-for-perinatal-asphyxia
#12
Kinjal Prahaladbhai Patel, Mayur Goradhanbhai Makadia, Vishwal Indravardan Patel, Haridas Neelakandan Nilayangode, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar
BACKGROUND: Perinatal hypoxia is one of the leading causes of perinatal mortality in developing countries. Both apgar score and arterial blood pH predict the neonatal mortality in asphyxia. Apgar score alone does not predict neurologic outcome and as it is influenced by various factors. This study was conducted to evaluate the utility and sensitivity of urinary uric acid to creatinine ratio (UA/Cr ratio) in asphyxia diagnosis, compared to invasive Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) analysis. AIM: To assess the urinary uric acid/creatinine ratio as an additional marker for perinatal asphyxia compared with ABG analysis in apgar score monitoring...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272225/a-new-method-for-selective-reduction-in-trap-sequence-with-a-contraindication-to-fetoscopic-surgery-a-case-report
#13
Qi Li, Xin-Hua Wu, Wei-She Zhang
RATIONALE: The preferred method for multifetal pregnancy reduction (MFPR) is a transabdominal intrathoracic or intracranial injection of potassium chloride (KCl). However, in monochorionic multiple pregnancies (MMPs), especially in monoamnionic multifetal pregnancies, selective feticide by this method is often associated with miscarriage of the remaining fetuses. Selective fetal reduction in MMPs by blood flow ablation using radiofrequency ablation or fetoscopic laser surgery may improve survival of the remaining fetus...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271258/illness-doula-adding-a-new-role-to-healthcare-practice
#14
Annie Robinson, Danielle Spencer, Brad Lewis
In this article, we explore the possibility of adding a new role to the clinical encounter: an illness doula. Even though research and education in medical humanities and narrative medicine have made improvements in humanizing healthcare, progress is slow and ongoing. There needs to be an intervention in the practice of healthcare now for people currently going through the system. An illness doula, like a birth doula, would facilitate and insure that attention is paid to the personal needs and desires of the patient in the present system...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267443/balloon-removal-after-fetoscopic-endoluminal-tracheal-occlusion-for-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#15
Julio A Jiménez, Elisenda Eixarch, Philip Dekoninck, João R Bennini, Roland Devlieger, Cleisson F Peralta, Eduard Gratacos, Jan Deprest
BACKGROUND: Isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) defect allows viscera to herniate into the chest, competing for space with the developing lungs. At birth, pulmonary hypoplasia leads to respiratory insufficiency and persistent pulmonary hypertension that is lethal in up to 30% of patients. Antenatal measurement of lung size and liver herniation can predict survival after birth. Prenatal intervention aims at stimulating lung development, clinically achieved by percutaneous fetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion (FETO) under local anesthesia...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267366/eveningness-associates-with-smoking-and-sleep-problems-among-pregnant-women
#16
Ilona Merikanto, E Juulia Paavonen, Outi Saarenpää-Heikkilä, Tiina Paunio, Timo Partonen
Sleep problems during pregnancy impair maternal health and increase the risk for adverse pregnancy outcome. The circadian preference toward eveningness has been associated with sleep problems in previous studies. Here, we studied whether evening-type women had more sleep problems during their pregnancy, as compared with other chronotypes, in a sample consisting of 1653 pregnant women from the Finnish CHILD-SLEEP Birth Cohort. Chronotype was assessed with a shortened version of the morningness-eveningness questionnaire...
March 7, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264660/preferences-for-birth-center-care-in-the-netherlands-an-exploration-of-ethnic-differences
#17
Dominique Lescure, Sanneke Schepman, Ronald Batenburg, Therese A Wiegers, Ellen Verbakel
BACKGROUND: To examine the preferences for comprehensive services and facilities in a new proposed birth center which will be established in a large Dutch city, specifically among pregnant women from different ethnic backgrounds. METHODS: The analyses of this study were based on a survey among 200 pregnant women living in The Hague, the Netherlands in 2011. Multiple linear regression was applied to analyze if preferences differ by ethnic background, controlling for various other predictors...
March 6, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246339/preterm-infant-growth-velocity-calculations-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Tanis R Fenton, Hilton T Chan, Aiswarya Madhu, Ian J Griffin, Angela Hoyos, Ekhard E Ziegler, Sharon Groh-Wargo, Susan J Carlson, Thibault Senterre, Diane Anderson, Richard A Ehrenkranz
CONTEXT: Clinicians assess the growth of preterm infants and compare growth velocity using a variety of methods. OBJECTIVE: We determined the numerical methods used to describe weight, length, and head circumference growth velocity in preterm infants; these methods include grams/kilogram/day (g/kg/d), grams/day (g/d), centimeters/week (cm/week), and change in z scores. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted in April 2015 of the Medline database by using PubMed for studies that measured growth as a main outcome in preterm neonates between birth and hospital discharge and/or 40 weeks' postmenstrual age...
March 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245274/visual-steady-state-in-relation-to-age-and-cognitive-function
#19
Anna Horwitz, Mia Dyhr Thomsen, Iris Wiegand, Henrik Horwitz, Marc Klemp, Miki Nikolic, Lene Rask, Martin Lauritzen, Krisztina Benedek
Neocortical gamma activity is crucial for sensory perception and cognition. This study examines the value of using non-task stimulation-induced EEG oscillations to predict cognitive status in a birth cohort of healthy Danish males (Metropolit) with varying cognitive ability. In particular, we examine the steady-state VEP power response (SSVEP-PR) in the alpha (8Hz) and gamma (36Hz) bands in 54 males (avg. age: 62.0 years) and compare these with 10 young healthy participants (avg. age 27.6 years). Furthermore, we correlate the individual alpha-to-gamma difference in relative visual-area power (ΔRV) with cognitive scores for the older adults...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237593/dairy-cows-with-prolonged-calving-seek-additional-isolation
#20
M V Rørvang, M S Herskin, M B Jensen
In modern calving facilities dairy cows either calve in a group pen or are moved to a separate individual pen when calving is imminent. In practice, cows are often moved too close to calving, which poses a health risk to cow and calf. Thus, a need exists for new calving facility designs and management practices that better align with the motivations of the cow. This study examined dairy cow preferences for individual calving pens by offering 3 different levels of isolation (tall and narrow, low and wide, and tall and wide) by analyzing the association between precalving behavior, choice of degree of isolation, and the progress of calving...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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