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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049277/update-interim-guidance-for-the-diagnosis-evaluation-and-management-of-infants-with-possible-congenital-zika-virus-infection-united-states-october-2017
#1
Tolulope Adebanjo, Shana Godfred-Cato, Laura Viens, Marc Fischer, J Erin Staples, Wendi Kuhnert-Tallman, Henry Walke, Titilope Oduyebo, Kara Polen, Georgina Peacock, Dana Meaney-Delman, Margaret A Honein, Sonja A Rasmussen, Cynthia A Moore
CDC has updated its interim guidance for U.S. health care providers caring for infants with possible congenital Zika virus infection (1) in response to recently published updated guidance for health care providers caring for pregnant women with possible Zika virus exposure (2), unknown sensitivity and specificity of currently available diagnostic tests for congenital Zika virus infection, and recognition of additional clinical findings associated with congenital Zika virus infection. All infants born to mothers with possible Zika virus exposure* during pregnancy should receive a standard evaluation at birth and at each subsequent well-child visit including a comprehensive physical examination, age-appropriate vision screening and developmental monitoring and screening using validated tools (3-5), and newborn hearing screen at birth, preferably using auditory brainstem response (ABR) methodology (6)...
October 20, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045499/obstetric-and-psychological-characteristics-of-women-choosing-epidural-analgesia-during-labour-a-cohort-study
#2
Vasilis Sitras, Jūratė Šaltytė Benth, Malin Eberhard-Gran
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the obstetric and psychological characteristics of women who opt to use epidural analgesia (EDA) during labour and the impact of participating in labour preparation courses on women's decisions to use EDA. DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Akershus University Hospital, Norway. POPULATION: 2596 women with singleton pregnancies and intended vaginal delivery. METHODS: Data were collected using two self-completed questionnaires at pregnancy weeks 17 and 32...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041972/understanding-the-preference-for-homebirth-an-exploration-of-key-barriers-to-facility-delivery-in-rural-tanzania
#3
Fabiola Moshi, Tumaini Nyamhanga
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the effect of expectant parents' socio-cultural perceptions and practices on the use of skilled birth attendants (SBAs) in rural Tanzania. The purpose of this study was to explore the socio-cultural barriers to health facility birth and SBA among parents choosing home birth in rural Tanzania, specifically in the Rukwa Region. METHODS: This study used a descriptive exploratory methodology. Purposive sampling was used to recruit study participants for both in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focused group discussions (FGDs)...
October 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038310/free-ranging-dogs-prefer-petting-over-food-in-repeated-interactions-with-unfamiliar-humans
#4
Debottam Bhattacharjee, Shubhra Sau, Jayjit Das, Anindita Bhadra
Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are the first species to have been domesticated, and unlike other domesticated species, they have developed a special bonding with their owners. The ability to respond to human gestures and language, and the hypersocial behaviours of dogs are considered key factors that have led them to become man's best friend. Free-ranging dogs provide an excellent model system for understanding the dog-human relationship in various social contexts. In India, free-ranging dogs occur in all possible human habitations...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038017/fetal-growth-interacts-with-multilocus-genetic-score-reflecting-dopamine-signaling-capacity-to-predict-spontaneous-sugar-intake-in-children
#5
Patrícia P Silveira, Irina Pokhvisneva, Hélène Gaudreau, Leslie Atkinson, Alison S Fleming, Marla B Sokolowski, Meir Steiner, James L Kennedy, Laurette Dubé, Robert D Levitan, Michael J Meaney
BACKGROUND: We have shown that intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) leads to increased preference for palatable foods at different ages in both humans and rodents. In IUGR rodents, altered striatal dopamine signaling associates with a preference for palatable foods. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to investigate if a multilocus genetic score reflecting dopamine-signaling capacity is differently associated with spontaneous palatable food intake in children according to the fetal growth status...
October 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032069/woman-s-pre-conception-evaluation-genetic-and-fetal-risk-considerations-for-counselling-and-informed-choice
#6
REVIEW
R Douglas Wilson
OBJECTIVE: To inform reproductive and other health care providers about genetic and fetal risk information to consider during a woman/couples' pre-conception evaluation, including considerations for genetic risk assessment, genetic screening, or testing to allow for improved counselling and informed choice. OPTIONS: This genetic information can be used for patient education, planning, and possible pre-conception and/or prenatal testing. OUTCOMES: This information may allow improved risk assessment for pre-conception counselling for individual patients and their families...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018950/are-viviparous-lizards-more-vulnerable-to-climate-warming-because-they-have-evolved-reduced-body-temperature-and-heat-tolerance
#7
Zheng Wang, Li Ma, Min Shao, Xiang Ji
Lizards may experience population declines and extinctions on a similar scale to that experienced by amphibians, and climate warming is one hypothesis proposed to explain these declines and extinctions. Within lizards, viviparous species are hypothesized to be more vulnerable to climate warming, because they have evolved reduced body temperature and heat tolerance, but this idea remains untested. To test this hypothesis, we conducted three temperatures (20, 24, and 28 °C) × two species [Phrynocephalus przewalskii (oviparous) and P...
October 10, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018787/cesarean-section-formula-feeding-and-infant-antibiotic-exposure-separate-and-combined-impacts-on-gut-microbial-changes-in-later-infancy
#8
Farzana Yasmin, Hein Min Tun, Theodore Brian Konya, David S Guttman, Radha S Chari, Catherine J Field, Allan B Becker, Piush J Mandhane, Stuart E Turvey, Padmaja Subbarao, Malcolm R Sears, James A Scott, Irina Dinu, Anita L Kozyrskyj
Established during infancy, our complex gut microbial community is shaped by medical interventions and societal preferences, such as cesarean section, formula feeding, and antibiotic use. We undertook this study to apply the significance analysis of microarrays (SAM) method to quantify changes in gut microbial composition during later infancy following the most common birth and postnatal exposures affecting infant gut microbial composition. Gut microbiota of 166 full-term infants in the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development birth cohort were profiled using 16S high-throughput gene sequencing...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994345/modelling-period-fertility-schooling-and-intervals-following-a-birth-in-eastern-africa
#9
Catriona A Towriss, Ian M Timæus
We describe a regression-based approach to the modelling of age-, order-, and duration-specific period fertility, using retrospective survey data. The approach produces results that are free of selection biases and can be used to study differential fertility. It is applied to Demographic and Health Survey data for Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe to investigate differential trends in fertility by education. Parity progression fell and the intervals following each birth lengthened between the 1970s and 2000s in all four countries...
October 10, 2017: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985839/peritoneal-drainage-is-associated-with-higher-survival-rates-for-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-premature-extremely-low-birth-weight-infants
#10
Jun Tashiro, Amy E Wagenaar, Eduardo A Perez, Juan E Sola
BACKGROUND: To evaluate peritoneal drainage (PD) and laparotomy ± resection/ostomy (LAP) as initial approaches to the surgical management of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature, extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. METHODS: Kids' Inpatient Database (2003-2012) was searched for cases of NEC (International Classification of Diseases, ninth revision, Clinical Modification [ICD-9-CM] 777.5x) in premature (<37 weeks), extremely low birth weight (<1000 g) infants...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985732/cost-effectiveness-of-malaria-preventive-treatment-for-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
Sung Eun Choi, Margaret L Brandeau, Eran Bendavid
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among HIV-infected pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa: at least 1 million pregnancies among HIV-infected women are complicated by co-infection with malaria annually, leading to increased risk of premature delivery, severe anaemia, delivery of low birth weight infants, and maternal death. Current guidelines recommend either daily cotrimoxazole (CTX) or intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) for HIV-infected pregnant women to prevent malaria and its complications...
October 6, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982077/urban-wild-boars-prefer-fragmented-areas-with-food-resources-near-natural-corridors
#12
Raquel Castillo-Contreras, João Carvalho, Emmanuel Serrano, Gregorio Mentaberre, Xavier Fernández-Aguilar, Andreu Colom, Carlos González-Crespo, Santiago Lavín, Jorge R López-Olvera
Wild boar populations are expanding throughout the world and intruding into periurban and urban areas. In the last years, wild boar has colonized several European cities, including our study area, the city of Barcelona. It is required to identify the main factors driving wild boar into urban areas prior to establish management measures. We built Boosted Regression Trees (BRT) using 3148 wild boar presences registered in the urban area of Barcelona from 2010 to 2014 to identify the variables correlated with these presences...
October 2, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973088/association-between-immigrant-status-and-end-of-life-care-in-ontario-canada
#13
Christopher J Yarnell, Longdi Fu, Doug Manuel, Peter Tanuseputro, Therese Stukel, Ruxandra Pinto, Damon C Scales, Andreas Laupacis, Robert A Fowler
Importance: People who immigrate face unique health literacy, communication, and system navigation challenges, and they may have diverse preferences that influence end-of-life care. Objective: To examine end-of-life care provided to immigrants to Canada in the last 6 months of their life. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based cohort study (April 1, 2004, to March 31, 2015) included 967 013 decedents in Ontario, Canada, using validated linkages between health and immigration databases to identify immigrant (since 1985) and long-standing resident cohorts...
October 17, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966423/predictors-of-public-early-care-and-education-use-among-children-of-low-income-immigrants
#14
Anna D Johnson, Christina Padilla, Elizabeth Votruba-Drzal
Little is known about predictors of publicly funded early care and education (ECE) use among low-income children of immigrants. Without this knowledge, it is difficult to effectively increase participation in these public programs, which promote school readiness but are underused by children of immigrants. Using nationally representative data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study -Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), this study attempts to identify pertinent family, child, maternal ECE preference, broader contextual, and immigrant specific characteristics predictive of ECE use among 4-year old children in a sample of low-income children of immigrants (N ≈ 1,050)...
February 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963040/beta-carotene-as-a-novel-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-autistic-like-behavior-in-animal-models-of-autism
#15
Yosefa Avraham, Elliot M Berry, Marina Donskoy, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Lia Vorobiev, Amnon Albeck, David Mankuta
Autism-affected individuals are characterized by lower plasma oxytocin and its ectoenzyme regulator CD38. Oxytocin, a hypothalamic hormone secreted upon the release of CD38, plays a role in social behavior and bonding. All-trans retinoic acid is a potent inducer of CD38 and can be used as a novel therapeutic strategy in autism. We investigated the role of beta-carotene in rescuing autistic-like behavior in BALB/c and BTBR mice. Beta-carotene derivatives are preferred as they are neither toxic nor teratogenic...
September 26, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961162/impact-of-pre-pregnancy-weight-and-gestational-weight-gain-on-birth-outcomes-by-nativity-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#16
Karen M Tabb, Tumani Malinga, Maria Pineros-Leano, Flavia C D Andrade
Background: Disparities in birth outcomes remain a problem in the United States. This study examined whether pre-pregnancy weight and gestational weight gain moderate the association between nativity and birth outcomes in the United States. Methods: We conducted a systematic review using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. We searched PubMED, CINAHL, PsychInfo, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews for relevant articles published before May 27, 2016...
September 29, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955596/cavernous-lymphangioma-of-the-tongue-in-an-adult-a-case-report
#17
Selin Eren, Ahmet Taylan Cebi, Sabri Cemil Isler, Metin Berk Kasapoglu, Nihan Aksakalli, Cetin Kasapoglu
Lymphangioma is a benign hamartomatous lesion caused by congenital malformation of the lymphatic system. This benign tumor is detected most commonly at birth or in early childhood but rarely in adults. On clinical examination, most lymphangiomas contain clear lymph fluid, but some may present as transparent vesicles containing red blood cells due to hemorrhage. In addition, lymphangioma may occur in association with hemangioma. This tumor occurs most commonly in the head and neck area, but rarely in the oral cavity...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940972/-telling-and-assent-parents-attitudes-towards-children-s-participation-in-a-birth-cohort-study
#18
Izen Ri, Eiko Suda, Zentaro Yamagata, Hiroshi Nitta, Kaori Muto
INTRODUCTION: One of the ethical issues surrounding birth cohort studies is how to obtain informed assent from children as they grow up. What and how parents tell their children affects children's future choices about the study, yet few studies have focused on parents' influence on children. OBJECTIVE: This study examines parents' attitudes towards telling their children about their participation in a specific birth cohort study. METHODS: We conducted surveys and in-depth interviews with the parents of children who participated in the "Japan Environment and Children's Study" (JECS), which follows children from the foetal stage to age 13...
September 22, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937572/obstetric-care-consensus-no-6-periviable-birth
#19
(no author information available yet)
Approximately 0.5% of all births occur before the third trimester of pregnancy, and these very early deliveries result in the majority of neonatal deaths and more than 40% of infant deaths. A recent executive summary of proceedings from a joint workshop defined periviable birth as delivery occurring from 20 0/7 weeks to 25 6/7 weeks of gestation. When delivery is anticipated near the limit of viability, families and health care teams are faced with complex and ethically challenging decisions. Multiple factors have been found to be associated with short-term and long-term outcomes of periviable births in addition to gestational age at birth...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937567/obstetric-care-consensus-no-6-summary-periviable-birth
#20
(no author information available yet)
Approximately 0.5% of all births occur before the third trimester of pregnancy, and these very early deliveries result in the majority of neonatal deaths and more than 40% of infant deaths. A recent executive summary of proceedings from a joint workshop defined periviable birth as delivery occurring from 20 0/7 weeks to 25 6/7 weeks of gestation. When delivery is anticipated near the limit of viability, families and health care teams are faced with complex and ethically challenging decisions. Multiple factors have been found to be associated with short-term and long-term outcomes of periviable births in addition to gestational age at birth...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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