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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472256/protocol-for-a-longitudinal-twin-birth-cohort-study-to-unravel-the-complex-interplay-between-early-life-environmental-and-genetic-risk-factors-in-health-and-disease-the-chongqing-longitudinal-twin-study-lotis
#1
Chao Tong, Li Wen, Yinyin Xia, Pamela Leong, Lan Wang, Xin Fan, Ting-Li Han, Jeffrey M Craig, Philip Baker, Richard Saffery, Hongbo Qi
INTRODUCTION: Non-communicable diseases (NCD) now represent the major burden of adverse health in most countries. It is clear that much of the risk of such conditions begins very early in life, potentially in utero. Given their complex aetiology, an understanding of the origins of NCD requires an in-depth analysis of the interplay between genetic variation and environment, preferably over time. For decades, twin studies have played a key role in understanding such traits. Their strength lies in the ability to disentangle genetic and environmental factors that contribute to a phenotype...
February 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454665/women-s-choice-of-maternal-healthcare-in-parung-west-java-indonesia-midwife-versus-traditional-birth-attendant
#2
Yenita Agus, Shigeko Horiuchi, Mariko Iida
BACKGROUND: In the 1990s, the Indonesian government launched programmes to train traditional birth attendants (TBAs) and increase the number of midwives. AIM: To identify and compare the factors that influence women's choice of a midwife or a TBA for maternal healthcare in Indonesia. METHODS: This study used a descriptive design for comparing women's choice of maternal healthcare. The participants were (1) married women, (2) experienced birth within two years, (3) living in a rural or urban village, and (4) capable of communicating in the Indonesia language...
February 14, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452564/when-consent-does-not-help-challenges-to-women-s-access-to-a-vaginal-birth-after-cesarean-section-and-the-limitations-of-the-informed-consent-doctrine
#3
Hindi E Stohl
Pregnant women with a prior cesarean delivery face challenges in accessing a vaginal birth due to both hospital and provider preferences and practices. Although the doctrine of informed consent secures women's reproductive rights, it is not a viable legal remedy. Instead, women should champion increased maternity-related education and transparency as well as medical malpractice reform to increase the desired access.
November 2017: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451458/immigrant-mothers-preferences-for-children-s-sexes-a-register-based-study-of-fertility-behaviour-in-norway
#4
Mats Lillehagen, Torkild Hovde Lyngstad
Parental sex preferences have been documented in many native populations, but much less evidence is available on immigrants' preferences for the sexes of their children. Using high-quality longitudinal register data from Norway, a country with a recent immigration history, we estimate hazards regression models of third birth risks by the sex composition of the first two children. A central question in the extant literature is whether the sex preferences of immigrant mothers match those observed in their country of origin, or if cultural adaption to local conditions is more important...
March 2018: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447879/parental-preferences-for-the-first-consultation-for-microtia
#5
Claire V A van Hövell Tot Westerflier, Inge Stegeman, Marvick S M Muradin, Adriana L Smit, Corstiaan C Breugem
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to investigate subjective information concerning parental experiences and preferences with regard to the initial information that is provided right after the birth of a child with microtia. The analysis of these data is intended to help professionals improve the way in which such conversations are conducted. As a result, future parents may feel better informed and, hence, better fit to cope with challenges they may encounter having a child with microtia...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444650/designing-a-behavioral-intervention-using-the-com-b-model-and-the-theoretical-domains-framework-to-promote-gas-stove-use-in-rural-guatemala-a-formative-research-study
#6
Lisa M Thompson, Anaité Diaz-Artiga, John R Weinstein, Margaret A Handley
BACKGROUND: Three billion people use solid cooking fuels, and 4 million people die from household air pollution annually. Shifting households to clean fuels, like liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), may protect health only if stoves are consistently used. Few studies have used an implementation science framework to systematically assess "de-implementation" of traditional stoves, and none have done so with pregnant women who are more likely to adopt new behaviors. We evaluated an introduced LPG stove coupled with a phased behavioral intervention to encourage exclusive gas stove use among pregnant women in rural Guatemala...
February 14, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443414/neonatal-outcomes-after-fetal-exposure-to-methadone-and-buprenorphine-national-registry-studies-from-the-czech-republic-and-norway
#7
Blanka Nechanská, Viktor Mravčík, Svetlana Skurtveit, Ingunn Olea Lund, Roman Gabrhelík, Anders Engeland, Marte Handal
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Opioid maintenance treatment (OMT) is recommended to opioid dependent females during pregnancy. However, it is not clear which medication should be preferred. We aimed to compare neonatal outcomes after prenatal exposure to methadone (M) and buprenorphine (B) in two European countries. DESIGN: Nationwide register-based cohort study using personalized IDs assigned to all citizens for data linkage. SETTING: The Czech Republic (2000-2014) and Norway (2004-2013)...
February 14, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441182/pediatric-cardiac-anamnesis-prevention-of-additional-diagnostic-tests
#8
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Zijo Begic, Nabil Naser, Edin Begic
Pediatrics is defined as the science of a healthy and sick child from birth to end of adolescence. Diseases of the cardiovascular system are the leading causes of mortality in adults, with frequent onset in childhood. The cardiologic examination starts with anamnesis in a pleasant atmosphere, refined space, enough time and patience, detailed measurements, and preferably a noncrying child. Anamnesis, regardless of the development of diagnostic procedures, still constitutes the basis of every clinical examination...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436143/infertility-treatment-strategy-involving-combined-freeze-all-embryos-and-single-vitrified-warmed-embryo-transfer-during-hormonal-replacement-cycle-for-in-vitro-fertilization-of-women-with-hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism
#9
Keiji Kuroda, Kenji Ezoe, Keiichi Kato, Akiko Yabuuchi, Tomoya Segawa, Tamotsu Kobayashi, Asako Ochiai, Noriko Katoh, Satoru Takeda
AIM: Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) is a condition caused by the deficient secretion of pituitary gonadotropins, leading to diminished ovarian function. Several studies of in vitro fertilization (IVF) in women with HH revealed acceptable clinical pregnancy outcomes but high multiple pregnancy rates after multiple fresh embryo transfer (ET). The purpose of this study was to analyze the outcomes of combined freeze-all embryos and single vitrified-warmed ET in women with HH. METHODS: Of 91 infertile women with HH (basal luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels <2...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433492/listening-to-their-voices-understanding-rural-women-s-perceptions-of-good-delivery-care-at-the-mibilizi-district-hospital-in-rwanda
#10
Zack Ndirima, Florian Neuhann, Claudia Beiersmann
BACKGROUND: Poor quality maternity care may lead to increased maternal dissatisfaction, and subsequent decreased utilization of health services or both. In a responsive health system, determining suitable delivery care, in the mother's opinion, may lead to an improved quality of services and the mother's satisfaction. In Rwanda, there is still limited knowledge and inadequate research regarding patient satisfaction and preferences, especially for women's perceptions and needs during childbirth...
February 12, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432385/economic-evaluation-of-selective-neonatal-bcg-vaccination-of-high-risk-infants-in-ireland
#11
Conor Teljeur, Patrick S Moran, Patricia Harrington, Karina Butler, Brenda Corcoran, Joan O'Donnell, Cara Usher, Darina O'Flanagan, Kevin Connolly, Máirín Ryan
BACKGROUND: In Western Europe, currently only Ireland and Portugal continue to provide universal neonatal BCG vaccination programmes, despite not being considered as high TB incidence countries. Other European countries only vaccinate infants considered at high risk of contracting TB. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of selective BCG vaccination compared to strategies of universal and no vaccination. METHODS: An economic model was used to simulate a cohort from birth to life expectancy, taking the perspective of the publicly-funded healthcare system...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430738/neonatal-adoptive-transfer-of-lymphocytes-rescues-social-behavior-during-adolescence-in-immune-deficient-mice
#12
Sarah M Clark, Chloe N Vaughn, Jennifer A Soroka, Xin Li, Leonardo H Tonelli
Accumulating evidence has shown that lymphocytes modulate behavior and cognition by direct interactions with the central nervous system. Studies have shown that reconstitution by adoptive transfer of lymphocytes from wild type into immune deficient mice restores a number of neurobehavioral deficits observed in these models. Moreover, it has been shown that these effects are mostly mediated by T lymphocytes. Studies of adoptive transfer thus far have employed adult mice, but whether lymphocytes may also modulate behavior during development remains unknown...
February 11, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428886/family-size-effects-on-childhood-obesity-evidence-on-the-quantity-quality-trade-off-using-the-nlsy
#13
Kabir Dasgupta, Keisha T Solomon
In this study, we use matched mother-child data from the National Longitudinal Surveys to study the effects of family size on child health. Focusing on excess body weight indicators as children's health outcome of interest, we examine the effects of exogenous variations in family size generated by twin births and parental preference for mixed sex composition of their children. We find no significant empirical support in favor of the quantity-quality trade-off theory in instrumental variable regression analysis...
February 8, 2018: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424752/ce-original-research-an-investigation-into-the-safety-of-oral-intake-during-labor
#14
Anne Shea-Lewis, Patricia Eckardt, Donna Stapleton
Findings from this quantitative retrospective study suggest ad lib intake may have benefits. ABSTRACT: Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the maternal and neonatal outcomes among laboring women permitted ad lib oral intake with those permitted nothing by mouth except for ice chips. DESIGN: This was a quantitative retrospective observational cross-sectional study. SAMPLE: The initial data set consisted of all closed medical records for 2,817 women who were admitted to a suburban community hospital in the northeastern United States between January 2008 and December 2012...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417282/conventional-in-vitro-fertilization-ivf-or-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-icsi-which-is-preferred-for-advanced-age-patients-with-five-or-fewer-oocytes-retrieved
#15
Hui Liu, Haibin Zhao, Guanling Yu, Mei Li, Shuiying Ma, Haozhen Zhang, Keliang Wu
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical outcomes of conventional IVF and ICSI in female patients aged 40 years and over with no more than five oocytes retrieved and non-male factor infertility. METHODS: A retrospective study of a cohort of 644 patients undergoing IVF/ICSI treatment. The 534 female patients aged ≧ 40 years with no more than five oocytes retrieved and non-male factor infertility undergoing their first conventional IVF cycles were assigned in IVF group...
February 7, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417000/trends-and-complications-of-ear-piercing-among-selected-nigerian-population
#16
Olajide Toye Gabriel, Olajuyin Oyebanji Anthony, Eletta Adebisi Paul, Sogebi Olusola Ayodele
Background: The reported health and socioeconomic consequences of ear piercing, especially in modern day society, underscore the need to further research into this subject. In this study, we determine the trends and complications of ear piercing among selected Nigerian population. Aim and Objectives: The aim and objective of this study was to draw attention to the trends and complications of ear piercing with a view to prevent its associated complications. Methodology: It is a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out between February and May 2015 among selected Nigerian population from two of its six geo-political zones...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409847/cost-effectiveness-of-emergency-contraception-options-over-one-year
#17
Brandon K Bellows, Casey R Tak, Jessica N Sanders, David K Turok, Eleanor B Schwarz
BACKGROUND: The copper intrauterine device is the most effective form of emergency contraception and can also provide long-term contraception. The levonorgestrel intrauterine device has also been studied in combination with oral levonorgestrel for women seeking emergency contraception. However, intrauterine devices have higher upfront costs than oral methods, such as ulipristal acetate and levonorgestrel. Healthcare payers and decision makers (e.g., healthcare insurers, government programs) with financial constraints must determine if the increased effectiveness of intrauterine device emergency contraception methods are worth the additional costs...
January 31, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409562/birth-weight-is-associated-with-dietary-factors-at-the-age-of-6-8-years-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-children-panic-study
#18
Aino-Maija Eloranta, Jarmo Jääskeläinen, Taisa Venäläinen, Henna Jalkanen, Sanna Kiiskinen, Aino Mäntyselkä, Ursula Schwab, Virpi Lindi, Timo A Lakka
OBJECTIVE: Low and high birth weight have been associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes and CVD. Diet could partly mediate this association, e.g. by intra-uterine programming of unhealthy food preferences. We examined the association of birth weight with diet in Finnish children. DESIGN: Birth weight standard deviation score (SDS) was calculated using national birth register data and Finnish references. Dietary factors were assessed using 4 d food records...
February 7, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394365/live-birth-rate-following-frozen-thawed-blastocyst-transfer-is-higher-with-blastocysts-expanded-on-day-5-than-on-day-6
#19
Lucile Ferreux, Mathilde Bourdon, Amira Sallem, Pietro Santulli, Virginie Barraud-Lange, Nathalie Le Foll, Chloé Maignien, Charles Chapron, Dominique de Ziegler, Jean-Philippe Wolf, Khaled Pocate-Cheriet
STUDY QUESTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the live birth rate (LBR) after frozen-thawed Day 5 (D5) and Day 6 (D6) blastocyst transfers. SUMMARY ANSWER: LBR following frozen-thawed blastocyst transfer is significantly lower with D6 than with D5 blastocyst regardless of embryo quality. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: During fresh embryo transfer cycles, pregnancy rates (PR) are significantly higher when transferring blastocysts expanded on D5 compared with slow developing blastocysts (D6)...
February 2, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390423/the-use-of-sirolimus-in-the-treatment-of-giant-cystic-lymphangioma-four-case-reports-and-update-of-medical-therapy
#20
Ilaria Amodeo, Mariarosa Colnaghi, Genny Raffaeli, Giacomo Cavallaro, Fabrizio Ciralli, Silvana Gangi, Ernesto Leva, Lorenzo Pignataro, Irene Borzani, Lorenza Pugni, Fabio Mosca
RATIONALE: Lymphatic malformations (LMs) are rare and benign anomalies resulting from the defective embryological development of the primordial lymphatic structures. Due to their permeative growth throughout all tissue layers, treatment is often challenging. Small asymptomatic lesions can be conservatively managed, while symptomatic lesions require active management. Surgery has been historically considered the treatment of choice, but today less invasive therapeutic options are preferred (sclerotherapy, laser therapy, oral medications)...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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