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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671895/visitor-effects-on-a-zoo-population-of-california-sea-lions-zalophus-californianus-and-harbor-seals-phoca-vitulina
#1
Amber J de Vere
The effects of visitor presence on zoo and aquarium animals have become increasingly well studied, using measures such as behavioral responses and exhibit usage. Many taxa remain underrepresented in this literature; this is the case for marine mammals, despite widespread public concern for their welfare in managed care settings. The current study therefore used behavioral activity budgets and exhibit usage to assess the responses of California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) and harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) to visitors at the Seal Cove exhibit at Six Flags Discovery Kingdom, Vallejo CA...
April 19, 2018: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662962/the-relation-of-maternal-hypothyroidism-and-hypothyroxinemia-during-pregnancy-on-preterm-birth-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Marzieh Parizad Nasirkandy, Gholamreza Badfar, Masoumeh Shohani, Shoboo Rahmati, Mohammad Hossein YektaKooshali, Shamsi Abbasalizadeh, Ali Soleymani, Milad Azami
Background: The clinical consequences of hypothyroidism and hypothyroxinemia during pregnancy such as preterm birth are not still clear. Objective: The aim of this meta-analysis was to estimate the relation of clinical and subclinical hypothyroidism and hypothyroxinemia during pregnancy and preterm birth. Materials and Methods: In this meta-analysis, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis were utilized. Searching the cohort studies were done by two researchers independently without any restrictions on Scopus, PubMed, Science Direct, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane, EBSCO and Google Scholar databases up to 2017...
September 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658456/-predictive-value-of-cord-blood-25-oh-d3-for-early-infantile-atopic-dermatitis
#3
Min-Min Li, Chun-Yan Lu, Xiao-Ming Wang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the predictive value of cord blood 25(OH)D3 [25(OH)D3 ] for infantile atopic dermatitis (AD), and to provide a reference for primary prevention of early infantile AD. METHODS: The neonates born from July to September, 2015 were enrolled. The cord blood samples were collected at birth to measure the level of 25(OH)D3 . Outpatient follow-up was conducted for all the infants at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after birth. A survey was performed to investigate the incidence of AD...
April 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653417/factors-associated-with-chinese-nulliparous-women-s-choices-of-mode-of-delivery-a-longitudinal-study
#4
Zheng Zhang, Chunyi Gu, Xinli Zhu, Yan Ding, Setterberg Simone, Xiaojiao Wang, Hua Tao
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section rates have risen beyond the WHO recommended level in many countries worldwide. An emerging epidemic in caesareans has appeared in China over the past two decades, mainly driven by non-medical factors. China's one-child policy was previously seen as a potential factor for contributing to women's high caesarean section rates. The Chinese government has officially announced a two-child policy in recent years, causing numerous families to reshape their fertility intentions and birth preferences...
March 27, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649245/women-s-preferences-for-alternative-financial-incentive-schemes-for-breastfeeding-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#5
Frauke Becker, Nana Anokye, Esther W de Bekker-Grob, Ailish Higgins, Clare Relton, Mark Strong, Julia Fox-Rushby
BACKGROUND: Increasing breastfeeding rates have been associated with reductions in disease in babies and mothers as well as in related costs. 'Nourishing Start for Health (NoSH)', a financial incentive scheme has been proposed as a potentially effective way to increase both the number of mothers breastfeeding and duration of breastfeeding. AIMS: To establish women's relative preferences for different aspects of a financial incentive scheme for breastfeeding and to identify importance of scheme characteristics on probability on participation in an incentive scheme...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644166/electroejaculation-combined-with-assisted-reproductive-technology-in-psychogenic-anejaculation-patients-refractory-to-penile-vibratory-stimulation
#6
Xianghu Meng, Longchang Fan, Tao Wang, Shaogang Wang, Zengjun Wang, Jihong Liu
Background: Psychogenic anejaculation (PAE) is a rare disease in clinic seriously affecting quality of life, especially fertility of patients. However, there is not an effective treatment for these patients. The aim of the study was to evaluate the results of treatment with electroejaculation (EEJ), intrauterine insemination (IUI), and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) in patients with PAE who were refractory to penile vibratory stimulation (PVS). Methods: Twenty PVS-refractory patients with PAE were included in the retrospective study...
March 2018: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624955/examining-the-role-of-couples-characteristics-in-contraceptive-use-in-nigeria-and-zambia
#7
Lorretta Favour C Ntoimo, Pamela Chirwa-Banda
Relationship-related characteristics influence diverse health and demographic outcomes. This study examined the role of couples' characteristics in contraceptive use. Data were obtained from 2013 Nigeria and 2013-14 Zambia Demographic and Health Surveys. The study population consisted of couples in monogamous union (married or living together) who had at least one live birth and the wife was not pregnant at the time of the survey. Prevalence of contraceptive use among couples in Nigeria was 27% and 63% in Zambia...
December 2017: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615441/a-discrete-choice-experiment-to-determine-facility-based-delivery-services-desired-by-women-and-men-in-rural-ethiopia
#8
Nancy K Beam, Gezehegn Bekele Dadi, Sally H Rankin, Sandra Weiss, Bruce Cooper, Lisa M Thompson
OBJECTIVES: Despite global efforts to increase facility-based delivery (FBD), 90% of women in rural Ethiopia deliver at home without a skilled birth attendant. Men have an important role in increasing FBD due to their decision-making power, but this is largely unexplored. This study aimed to determine the FBD care attributes preferred by women and men, and whether poverty or household decision-making are associated with choice to deliver in a facility. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a cross-sectional discrete choice experiment in 109 randomly selected households in rural Ethiopia in September-October 2015...
April 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607873/internal-migration-and-regional-differences-of-population-aging-an-empirical-study-of-287-cities-in-china
#9
Rong Chen, Ping Xu, Fen Li, Peipei Song
In addition to birth and death, migration is also an important factor that determines the level of population aging in different regions, especially under the current context of low fertility and low mortality in China. Drawing upon data from the fifth and sixth national population census of 287 prefecture-level cities in China, this study explored the spatial patterns of population aging and its trends from 2000 to 2010 in China. We further examined how the large-scale internal migration was related to the spatial differences and the changes of aging by using multivariate quantitative models...
April 2, 2018: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607852/beliefs-perceptions-and-views-of-pregnant-women-about-cesarean-section-and-reproductive-decision-making-in-a-specialist-health-facility-in-enugu-southeast-nigeria
#10
I V Ezeome, J O Ezugworie, P C Udealor
Context: Through the process of socialization, women and men are conditioned to behave and play different roles in society. While the African culture "rewards" women who have vaginal birth despite the cost to their health, the burden of reproductive decision-making is placed on the menfolk. However, these seem to be changing. Aims: Our aim was to assess the beliefs and perceptions of pregnant women about cesarean section (CS), including their views regarding decision-making on the mode of delivery, in Enugu, Southeast Nigeria...
April 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606185/developing-a-neurobehavioral-animal-model-of-poverty-drawing-cross-species-connections-between-environments-of-scarcity-adversity-parenting-quality-and-infant-outcome
#11
Rosemarie E Perry, Eric D Finegood, Stephen H Braren, Meriah L Dejoseph, David F Putrino, Donald A Wilson, Regina M Sullivan, C Cybele Raver, Clancy Blair
Children reared in impoverished environments are at risk for enduring psychological and physical health problems. Mechanisms by which poverty affects development, however, remain unclear. To explore one potential mechanism of poverty's impact on social-emotional and cognitive development, an experimental examination of a rodent model of scarcity-adversity was conducted and compared to results from a longitudinal study of human infants and families followed from birth (N = 1,292) who faced high levels of poverty-related scarcity-adversity...
April 2, 2018: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606108/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Milad Azami, Zahra Jaafari, Shoboo Rahmati, Afsar Dastjani Farahani, Gholamreza Badfar
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) refers to the developmental disorder of the retina in premature infants and is one of the most serious and most dangerous complications in premature infants. The prevalence of ROP in Iran is different in various parts of Iran and its prevalence is reported to be 1-70% in different regions. This study aims to determine the prevalence and risk factors of ROP in Iran. METHODS: This review article was conducted based on the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis (PRISMA) protocols...
April 2, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581725/comparison-of-the-screening-tests-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-between-one-step-and-two-step-methods-among-thai-pregnant-women
#13
Suchaya Luewan, Phenphan Bootchaingam, Theera Tongsong
Objective: To compare the prevalence and pregnancy outcomes of GDM between those screened by the "one-step" (75 gm GTT) and "two-step" (100 gm GTT) methods. Methods: A prospective study was conducted on singleton pregnancies at low or average risk of GDM. All were screened between 24 and 28 weeks, using the one-step or two-step method based on patients' preference. The primary outcome was prevalence of GDM, and secondary outcomes included birthweight, gestational age, rates of preterm birth, small/large-for-gestational age, low Apgar scores, cesarean section, and pregnancy-induced hypertension...
2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559428/comparing-the-efficacy-of-a-mobile-phone-based-blood-glucose-management-system-with-standard-clinic-care-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Lucy Mackillop, Jane Elizabeth Hirst, Katy Jane Bartlett, Jacqueline Susan Birks, Lei Clifton, Andrew J Farmer, Oliver Gibson, Yvonne Kenworthy, Jonathan Cummings Levy, Lise Loerup, Oliver Rivero-Arias, Wai-Kit Ming, Carmelo Velardo, Lionel Tarassenko
BACKGROUND: Treatment of hyperglycemia in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with improved maternal and neonatal outcomes and requires intensive clinical input. This is currently achieved by hospital clinic attendance every 2 to 4 weeks with limited opportunity for intervention between these visits. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine whether the use of a mobile phone-based real-time blood glucose management system to manage women with GDM remotely was as effective in controlling blood glucose as standard care through clinic attendance...
March 20, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558073/why-are-indian-children-so-short-the-role-of-birth-order-and-son-preference
#15
Seema Jayachandran, Rohini Pandi
Child stunting in India exceeds that in poorer regions like sub-Saharan Africa. Data on over 168,000 children show that, relative to Africa, India's height disadvantage increases sharply with birth order. We posit that India’s steep birth order gradient is due to favoritism toward eldest sons, which affects parents' fertility decisions and resource allocation across children. We show that, within India, the gradient is steeper for high-son-preference regions and religions. The gradient also varies with sibling gender as predicted...
September 2017: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557230/a-randomised-trial-to-compare-200-mg-micronised-progesterone-effervescent-vaginal-tablet-daily-with-250-mg-intramuscular-17-alpha-hydroxy-progesterone-caproate-weekly-for-prevention-of-recurrent-preterm-birth
#16
Shruti Shambhavi, Rashmi Bagga, Pallavi Bansal, Jasvinder Kalra, Praveen Kumar
For prevention of a recurrent preterm birth (PTB), intramuscular 17-α-hydroxy progesterone caproate (IM 17 OHPC) weekly is recommended. Vaginal progesterone is preferred for women at risk for PTB due to a short cervical length, but may be useful in women with a prior PTB. However, there is no consensus about the optimal vaginal formulation or its efficacy as compared to 17 OHPC to prevent recurrent PTB. We randomised 100 women with a singleton pregnancy between 16 and 24 weeks of gestation and ≥ one prior spontaneous PTB, of a singleton (>16 to <37 weeks of gestation) to receive the 200 mg vaginal progesterone effervescent tablet daily (Group A) or IM 17-OHPC, 250 mg weekly (Group B) till 37 weeks of gestation or delivery...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557226/the-effectiveness-of-the-double-b-lynch-suture-as-a-modification-in-the-treatment-of-intractable-postpartum-haemorrhage
#17
Hanifi Şahin, Oya Soylu Karapınar, Eda Adeviye Şahin, Kenan Dolapçıoğlu, Ali Baloğlu
A broader range of more effective compression techniques are needed in the patients who have an intractable postpartum haemorrhage due to uterine atony despite medical treatment and B-Lynch sutures. The aim of this study was to report the outcome of a series of patients with haemorrhage who were managed by double B-Lynch suture. Fourteen patients who were treated in a tertiary hospital between July 2010 and February 2015 were included in the study. The intractable haemorrhage rate was 0.35% over 5 years (14/4000 births)...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553892/clinical-signs-and-outcomes-of-beef-cattle-undergoing-cesarean-section-because-of-dystocia
#18
Mark W H Hiew, Aubrey N Baird, Peter D Constable
OBJECTIVE To characterize signalment, clinical signs, reproductive history, surgical management, and outcomes of beef cattle undergoing cesarean section because of dystocia at a veterinary teaching hospital. DESIGN Retrospective case series with nested cohort study. ANIMALS 173 beef cattle admitted to a veterinary teaching hospital from 2001 through 2010 that underwent cesarean section because of dystocia. PROCEDURES Medical records were reviewed and information collected on cattle signalment; reproductive history; cause of dystocia; anesthetic protocol; surgical management; number, sex, and body weight of calves delivered (alive or dead); perioperative treatment; duration of hospitalization; and discharge status...
April 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553471/son-preference-and-family-limitation-in-pakistan-a-parity-and-contraceptive-method-specific-analysis
#19
Melanie Dawn Channon
CONTEXT: Son preference exerts a strong influence over contraceptive and fertility decisions in many South Asian countries. In Pakistan, where fertility remains high and contraceptive use low, research on son preference has been limited. METHODS: Data from Pakistan Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in 1990-1991, 2006-2007 and 2012-2013 were used to examine potential indicators and outcomes of son preference. Descriptive analyses looked at sex composition preferences of men and women, as well as the sex ratio at last birth...
September 1, 2017: International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550016/primary-coronary-stent-implantation-is-a-feasible-bridging-therapy-to-surgery-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-with-critical-aortic-coarctation
#20
Raymond Stegeman, Johannes M P J Breur, Jörg Heuser, Nicolaas J G Jansen, Willem B de Vries, Daniel C Vijlbrief, Mirella M C Molenschot, Felix Haas, Gregor J Krings
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of critical aortic coarctation (CoA) is difficult in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants ≤1500 g and preferably postponed until 3 kg with prostaglandins (PGE). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the procedure and outcome of primary coronary stent implantation as bridging therapy to surgery in VLBW infants with CoA. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of primary CoA stenting in VLBW infants from 2010 to 2015. RESULTS: Five VLBW infants with a median gestational age of 29 weeks (27-32) underwent primary CoA stenting...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
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