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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447984/experience-is-instrumental-in-tuning-a-link-between-language-and-cognition-evidence-from-6-to-7-month-old-infants-object-categorization
#1
Danielle R Perszyk, Sandra R Waxman
At birth, infants not only prefer listening to human vocalizations, but also have begun to link these vocalizations to cognition: For infants as young as three months of age, listening to human language supports object categorization, a core cognitive capacity. This precocious link is initially broad: At 3 and 4 months, vocalizations of both humans and nonhuman primates support categorization. But by 6 months, infants have narrowed the link: Only human vocalizations support object categorization. Here we ask what guides infants as they tune their initially broad link to a more precise one, engaged only by the vocalizations of our species...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446853/the-role-of-health-extension-workers-in-linking-pregnant-women-with-health-facilities-for-delivery-in-rural-and-pastoralist-areas-of-ethiopia
#2
Ruth Jackson, Assefa Hailemariam
BACKGROUND: Women's preference to give birth at home is deeply embedded in Ethiopian culture. Many women only go to health facilities if they have complications during birth. Health Extension Workers (HEWs) have been deployed to improve the utilization of maternal health services by bridging the gap between communities and health facilities. This study examined the barriers and facilitators for HEWs as they refer women to mid-level health facilities for birth. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in three regions: Afar Region, Southern Nations Nationalities and People's Region and Tigray Region between March to December 2014...
September 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439873/gender-development-in-transgender-preschool-children
#3
Anne A Fast, Kristina R Olson
An increasing number of transgender children-those who express a gender identity that is "opposite" their natal sex-are socially transitioning, or presenting as their gender identity in everyday life. This study asks whether these children differ from gender-typical peers on basic gender development tasks. Three- to 5-year-old socially transitioned transgender children (n = 36) did not differ from controls matched on age and expressed gender (n = 36), or siblings of transgender and gender nonconforming children (n = 24) on gender preference, behavior, and belief measures...
April 25, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437779/further-evidence-of-male-offspring-preference-for-certain-subgroups-in-the-united-states-2007-2015
#4
Grech Victor
INTRODUCTION: Males are born in excess of females. This ratio (M/T=male/total births) is influenced by various factors. A recent study showed that M/T in the United States (US) is Asian or Pacific Islander>White>American Indian or Alaska Native>Black or African American. This study was carried out in order to ascertain whether there are M/T differences in different races in the US by birth order. METHODS: Monthly male and female live births by race and birth order for the entire US were obtained for 2007-2015 with birth order as 1-≥6 for these races...
April 21, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434135/son-preference-of-immigrants-to-the-united-states-data-from-u-s-birth-certificates-2004-2013
#5
Embry M Howell, Huanjun Zhang, Dudley L Poston
Son preference has existed for centuries in many cultures and societies. In some Asian countries, including China and India, the sex ratio at birth (SRB, number of male infants divided by number of female infants times 100) is elevated above the worldwide biological norm of about 105. We investigate whether this ratio is elevated in the U.S. for immigrant women. We analyze U.S. birth certificates for 2004-2013 and categorize births by mother's and father's race/ethnicity; mother's place of birth, and birth order of the child...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424637/listening-niches-across-a-century-of-popular-music
#6
Carol Lynne Krumhansl
This article investigates the contexts, or "listening niches", in which people hear popular music. The study spanned a century of popular music, divided into 10 decades, with participants born between 1940 and 1999. It asks about whether they know and like the music in each decade, and their emotional reactions. It also asks whether the music is associated with personal memories and, if so, with whom they were listening, or whether they were listening alone. Finally, it asks what styles of music they were listening to, and the music media they were listening with, in different periods of their lives...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411961/nutrition-in-the-first-1000-days-and-respiratory-health-a-descriptive-review-of-the-last-five-years-literature
#7
REVIEW
E Verduci, A Martelli, V L Miniello, M Landi, B Mariani, M Brambilla, L Diaferio, D G Peroni
The aim of this paper is to discuss the current evidence regarding short and long-term health respiratory effects of nutrients and dietary patterns during the first 1000 days from conception. Population of interest included children from birth to two years and their mothers (during pregnancy and lactation). Studies were searched on MEDLINE® and Cochrane database, inserting individually and using the Boolean ANDs and ORs, 'nutrients', 'micronutrients', 'LC-PUFA', 'Mediterranean Diet', 'human milk', 'complementary food', 'pregnancy', 'respiratory disease', 'pulmonary disease', 'asthma', 'epigenetics', 'first 1000 days', 'maternal diet' and 'respiratory health'...
April 12, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411530/the-influence-of-intrapartum-opioid-use-on-breastfeeding-experience-at-6-weeks-post-partum-a-secondary-analysis
#8
Julie-Anne Fleet, Meril Jones, Ingrid Belan
OBJECTIVE: To examine breastfeeding experiences up to 6 weeks postpartum for mothers administered intranasal fentanyl, subcutaneous fentanyl or intramuscular pethidine for intrapartum analgesia. DESIGN: A secondary analysis was undertaken using the per-protocol dataset to examine the third phase of a larger randomised controlled trial. This phase of the study examined breastfeeding intention and experience from the first hour of birth to 6 weeks postpartum. Medical records were audited and women were contacted at 6 weeks postpartum to complete a telephone questionnaire...
April 3, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408008/eliciting-preferences-for-information-provision-in-newborn-bloodspot-screening-programs
#9
Stuart J Wright, Fiona Ulph, Nimarta Dharni, Katherine Payne
BACKGROUND: The national newborn bloodspot screening programs (NBSPs) are continually expanding to screen for more conditions. OBJECTIVES: To quantify parents' preferences for information and the way in which this is provided in example NBSPs. METHODS: A hybrid choice experiment, combining a conjoint analysis and a discrete choice experiment, was designed. A sample of current and future parents between the ages of 18 and 45 years was identified via an Internet panel...
April 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403975/-fetoscopic-laser-coagulation-in-200%C3%A2-consecutive-monochorionic-pregnancies-with-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome
#10
L Lecointre, N Sananès, A S Weingertner, A Gaudineau, C Akladios, V Cavillon, B Langer, R Favre
OBJECTIVES: To report preoperative data, surgical characteristics, complications and perinatal outcome of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) managed with laser ablation surgery, to analyze predictors of neonatal survival and to compare the 100 most recent cases with the older 100. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational cohort moncentric study of 200 cases of TTTS consecutively treated with fetoscopic laser coagulation between January 2004 and December 2014...
February 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400349/the-level-of-using-family-planning-methods-and-factors-that-influence-the-preference-of-methods-in-the-konya-meram-area
#11
Zeynep Öztürk İnal, Hasan Ali İnal, Hasan Küçükkendirci, Ayla Sargın Oruç
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to determine the level of contraceptive method use and the factors that influence the preference of method among women of reproductive age that live in Meram, the central district of Konya. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Parameters such as the age, duration of marriage, the number of pregnancies and births, socioeconomic status, education level, and preferred contraceptive method of the women that applied to the family planning outpatient clinic of our hospital over a five-year period between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2015 were recorded and evaluated...
February 7, 2017: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398683/update-on-syphilis-and-pregnancy
#12
REVIEW
Michael E Tsimis, Jeanne S Sheffield
While the origins of syphilis remain unknown, it has long been recognized as an infectious entity with complex pathophysiology. In this review, we highlighted the epidemiology and risk factors associated with syphilis. The incidence of syphilis in most populations showed a consistent upward trend until the 1940s with the introduction of penicillin as the preferred treatment. The emergence of congenital syphilis and vertical transmission has been a direct result of heterosexual syphilis transmission. We also explore the microbiology and pathogenesis of Treponema pallidum as it directly correlates with its route of transmission and infectivity...
March 15, 2017: Birth Defects Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392607/in-the-pursuit-of-sons-additional-births-or-sex-selective-abortion-in-pakistan
#13
Batool Zaidi, S Philip Morgan
Even though Pakistan is a highly patriarchal society, it has not featured prominently in studies focusing on sex-selective abortion and sex ratios at birth. But with fertility declining and existing strong son preference-Pakistan has one of the highest desired sex ratios in the world-how will Pakistani families respond? In the pursuit of sons, will they have additional children or resort to sex-selective abortions? Or is there evidence that the pursuit of sons is weakening? Using data from three rounds of the demographic and health survey, we show clear evidence of son preference in fertility intentions, patterns of contraceptive use and parity progression ratios...
December 2016: Population and Development Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379837/tokophobia-fear-of-childbirth-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#14
Karin Demšar, Matija Svetina, Ivan Verdenik, Natasa Tul, Isaac Blickstein, Vislava Globevnik Velikonja
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of and to determine the risk factors for developing a fear of childbirth (tokophobia). METHODS: We evaluated 191 pregnant women during Parenting and Childbirth Classes. Participants were approached when attending Parenting and Childbirth Classes between June 2014 and September 2014 and were asked to complete several questionnaires related to depression (CES-D), anxiety (STAI X1 and X2), satisfaction with life (SWLS), delivery expectation/experience (W-DEQ), and specific fears...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379740/conflicting-cultural-values-gender-role-attitudes-and-acculturation-exploring-the-context-of-reproductive-and-mental-health-of-asian-indian-immigrant-women-in-the-us
#15
Semran K Mann, Lisa R Roberts, Susanne Montgomery
Asian-Indians, one of the fastest growing US immigrant groups, experience depression and anxiety, particularly among women. In this mixed-methods study, quantitative (n = 217) and qualitative (n = 36) data explored egalitarian vs. traditional views regarding women's roles and rights. Bicultural integration, family planning decision-making ability, and anxiety were associated with more egalitarian views, while Punjabi language preference, depression, and more births were associated with traditional views. Health care professionals serving this population need to be aware of the potential cultural values conflicts and gender role expectations that influence decisions around reproductive health and mental health care for Asian-Indian immigrant women...
April 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378093/gender-nonconformity-and-birth-order-in-relation-to-anal-sex-role-among-gay-men
#16
Ashlyn Swift-Gallant, Lindsay A Coome, D Ashley Monks, Doug P VanderLaan
Androphilia is associated with an elevated number of older brothers among natal males. This association, termed the fraternal birth order effect, has been observed among gay men who exhibit marked gender nonconformity. Gender nonconformity has been linked to gay men's preferred anal sex role. The present study investigated whether these two lines of research intersect by addressing whether the fraternal birth order effect was associated with both gender nonconformity and a receptive anal sex role (243 gay men, 91 heterosexual men)...
April 4, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374792/cell-based-secondary-prevention-of-childbirth-induced-pelvic-floor-trauma
#17
REVIEW
Geertje Callewaert, Marina Monteiro Carvalho Mori Da Cunha, Nikhil Sindhwani, Maurilio Sampaolesi, Maarten Albersen, Jan Deprest
With advancing population age, pelvic-floor dysfunction (PFD) will affect an increasing number of women. Many of these women wish to maintain active lifestyles, indicating an urgent need for effective strategies to treat or, preferably, prevent the occurrence of PFD. Childbirth and pregnancy have both long been recognized as crucial contributing factors in the pathophysiology of PFD. Vaginal delivery of a child is a serious traumatic event, causing anatomical and functional changes in the pelvic floor. Similar changes to those experienced during childbirth can be found in symptomatic women, often many years after delivery...
April 4, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359258/what-influences-birth-place-preferences-choices-and-decision-making-amongst-healthy-women-with-straightforward-pregnancies-in-the-uk-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis-using-a-best-fit-framework-approach
#18
Kirstie Coxon, Alison Chisholm, Reem Malouf, Rachel Rowe, Jennifer Hollowell
BACKGROUND: English maternity care policy has supported offering women choice of birth setting for over twenty years, but only 13% of women in England currently give birth in settings other than obstetric units (OUs). It is unclear why uptake of non-OU settings for birth remains relatively low. This paper presents a synthesis of qualitative evidence which explores influences on women's experiences of birth place choice, preference and decision-making from the perspectives of women using maternity services...
March 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351344/why-do-women-choose-an-unregulated-birth-worker-to-birth-at-home-in-australia-a-qualitative-study
#19
Elizabeth Christine Rigg, Virginia Schmied, Kath Peters, Hannah Grace Dahlen
BACKGROUND: In Australia the choice to birth at home is not well supported and only 0.4% of women give birth at home with a registered midwife. Recent changes to regulatory requirements for midwives have become more restrictive and there is no insurance product that covers private midwives for intrapartum care at home. Freebirth (planned birth at home with no registered health professional) with an unregulated birth worker who is not a registered midwife or doctor (e.g. Doula, ex-midwife, lay midwife etc...
March 28, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350557/double-versus-single-tendon-transfers-to-improve-shoulder-function-in-brachial-plexus-birth-palsy
#20
Dustin A Greenhill, William R Smith, F V Ramsey, Scott H Kozin, Dan A Zlotolow
BACKGROUND: In children with brachial plexus birth palsy (BPBP) undergoing tendon transfers to augment shoulder external rotation, it is unclear whether transfer of the latissimus dorsi with its combined latissimus dorsi and teres major (cLT) versus isolated teres major (iTM) tendon transfer yield different outcomes. METHODS: Records of patients with BPBP who underwent shoulder tendon transfers to augment external rotation were retrospectively reviewed. Transfer type (cLT or iTM) was considered indiscriminate by virtue of surgeon preference...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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