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γδT cell

Juanjuan Zhao, Chao Chen, Mengmeng Guo, Yijin Tao, PanPan Cui, Ya Zhou, Nalin Qin, Jing Zheng, Jidong Zhang, Lin Xu
Recent evidence showed that microRNA-7 (miR-7) played an important role in the pathologies of lung-related diseases. However, the potential role of miR-7 in acute lung injury (ALI) still remains poorly understood. Here, we assessed the effect of miR-7 deficiency on the pathology of ALI. We, first, found that the expression of miR-7 was upregulated in lung tissue in murine LPS-induced ALI model. Notably, we generated miR-7 knock down mice by using miRNA-Sponge technique and found that miR-7 deficiency could ameliorate the pathologies of lung as evidenced by accelerated body weight recovery, reduced level of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) proinflammatory cytokines and decreased number of BAL cells in ALI mice...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
T Kamigaki, K Naitoh, S Goto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
Brandon Coder, Weikan Wang, Liefeng Wang, Zhongdao Wu, Qichuan Zhuge, Dong-Ming Su
The interaction between T cells and the central nervous system (CNS) in homeostasis and injury has been recognized being both pathogenic (CD4+ T-helper 1 - Th1, Th17 and γδT) and ameliorative (Th2 and regulatory T cells - Tregs). However, in-depth studies aimed to elucidate the precise in the aged microenvironment and the dichotomous role of Tregs have just begun and many aspects remain unclear. This is due, not only to a mutual dependency and reciprocal causation of alterations and diseases between the nervous and T cell immune systems, but also to an inconsistent aging of the two systems, which dynamically changes with CNS injury/recovery and/or aging process...
October 11, 2016: Oncotarget
Qi Zhong, Kai Zhou, Qiao-Li Liang, Sen Lin, Yan-Chun Wang, Xiao-Yi Xiong, Zhao-You Meng, Ting Zhao, Wen-Yao Zhu, Yuan-Rui Yang, Mao-Fan Liao, Qiu-Wen Gong, Liang Liu, Ao Xiong, Junwei Hao, Jian Wang, Qing-Wu Yang
BACKGROUND: Neuroinflammation plays a key role in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)-induced secondary brain injury, but the specific roles of peripheral inflammatory cells such as macrophages and lymphocytes remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to explore the roles of macrophages, T lymphocytes, and the cytokines they secrete as potential targets for treating secondary brain injury after ICH. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our results showed that peripheral macrophages and T lymphocytes successively infiltrated the brain, with macrophage counts peaking 1 day after ICH and T-lymphocyte counts peaking after 4 days...
October 11, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Alexandru Movila, Hani Mawardi, Kazuaki Nishimura, Tomomi Kiyama, Kenji Egashira, Jae-Young Kim, Alessandro Villa, Hajime Sasaki, Sook-Bin Woo, Toshihisa Kawai
Prior consensus held that medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) lesion was composed of necrotic bone; however, more recent studies have identified inflammatory infiltrates in the lesion. Herein, we report that remarkably elevated infiltrating γδT cells (90% of lymphocytes) express Semaphorin 4D (Sema4D) in human patient with MRONJ lesion, whereas γδT cells only account for 2-5% of lymphocytes in blood. Importantly, Sema4D is implicated in the pathogenesis of T cell-mediated inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis...
October 5, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Romain Daillère, Marie Vétizou, Nadine Waldschmitt, Takahiro Yamazaki, Christophe Isnard, Vichnou Poirier-Colame, Connie P M Duong, Caroline Flament, Patricia Lepage, Maria Paula Roberti, Bertrand Routy, Nicolas Jacquelot, Lionel Apetoh, Sonia Becharef, Sylvie Rusakiewicz, Philippe Langella, Harry Sokol, Guido Kroemer, David Enot, Antoine Roux, Alexander Eggermont, Eric Tartour, Ludger Johannes, Paul-Louis Woerther, Elisabeth Chachaty, Jean-Charles Soria, Encouse Golden, Silvia Formenti, Magdalena Plebanski, Mutsa Madondo, Philip Rosenstiel, Didier Raoult, Vincent Cattoir, Ivo Gomperts Boneca, Mathias Chamaillard, Laurence Zitvogel
The efficacy of the anti-cancer immunomodulatory agent cyclophosphamide (CTX) relies on intestinal bacteria. How and which relevant bacterial species are involved in tumor immunosurveillance, and their mechanism of action are unclear. Here, we identified two bacterial species, Enterococcus hirae and Barnesiella intestinihominis that are involved during CTX therapy. Whereas E. hirae translocated from the small intestine to secondary lymphoid organs and increased the intratumoral CD8/Treg ratio, B. intestinihominis accumulated in the colon and promoted the infiltration of IFN-γ-producing γδT cells in cancer lesions...
September 28, 2016: Immunity
Na Li, Jinlian Hua
After partial hepatectomy, hepatocytes proliferate to restore mass and function of the liver. Macrophages, natural killer (NK) cells, natural killer T (NKT) cells, dendritic cells (DC), eosinophils, gamma delta T (γδT) cells, and conventional T cells, as well as other subsets of the immune cells residing in the liver control liver regeneration, either through direct interactions with hepatocytes or indirectly by releasing inflammatory cytokines. Here, we review recent progress regarding the immune cells in the liver and their functions during liver regeneration...
September 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Nicholas Glanville, Tamlyn J Peel, Armin Schröder, Julia Aniscenko, Ross P Walton, Susetta Finotto, Sebastian L Johnston
Current understanding of adaptive immune, particularly T cell, responses to human rhinoviruses (RV) is limited. Memory T cells are thought to be of a primarily T helper 1 type, but both T helper 1 and T helper 2 memory cells have been described, and heightened T helper 2/ lessened T helper 1 responses have been associated with increased RV-induced asthma exacerbation severity. We examined the contribution of T helper 1 cells to RV-induced airways inflammation using mice deficient in the transcription factor T-Box Expressed In T Cells (Tbet), a critical controller of T helper 1 cell differentiation...
September 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Donnele Daley, Constantinos Pantelis Zambirinis, Lena Seifert, Neha Akkad, Navyatha Mohan, Gregor Werba, Rocky Barilla, Alejandro Torres-Hernandez, Mautin Hundeyin, Vishnu Raj Kumar Mani, Antonina Avanzi, Daniel Tippens, Rajkishen Narayanan, Jung-Eun Jang, Elliot Newman, Venu Gopal Pillarisetty, Michael Loran Dustin, Dafna Bar-Sagi, Cristina Hajdu, George Miller
Inflammation is paramount in pancreatic oncogenesis. We identified a uniquely activated γδT cell population, which constituted ∼40% of tumor-infiltrating T cells in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). Recruitment and activation of γδT cells was contingent on diverse chemokine signals. Deletion, depletion, or blockade of γδT cell recruitment was protective against PDA and resulted in increased infiltration, activation, and Th1 polarization of αβT cells. Although αβT cells were dispensable to outcome in PDA, they became indispensable mediators of tumor protection upon γδT cell ablation...
September 8, 2016: Cell
Chaoqian Li, Xiaohong Jiang, Mingjie Luo, Guangyi Feng, Qixiang Sun, Yiping Chen
Asthma is a heterogeneous disease characterized by chronic airway inflammation. CD4(+) T-helper 9 (Th9) cells are closely linked to asthma, helping to regulate inflammation and immunity. Epidemiological studies showed that mycobacteria infections are negatively associated with asthma. Our previous research showed that inactivated Mycobacterium phlei nebulization alleviated the airway hyperresponsiveness and inflammation of asthma. However, the relationship between Th9 cells and mycobacteria remains unknown...
2016: PloS One
Y S Li, W F He, J Wu
The maturation of dendritic epidermal T lymphocytes (DETCs) in thymus needs ligand-mediated positive selection, and positive selection together with V3γ(+) γδT lymphocytes intrinsic program features order DETCs to specifically migrate to epidermis. Positive selection promotes DETCs to express CD122, which is vital for DETCs to survive and proliferate in skin. DETCs possess memory-like phenotype and are able to rapidly respond to danger signals when they move out from thymus. NKG2D, junctional adhesion molecule-like protein and 2B4 are demonstrated to participate in DETCs activation, except for ligands of T lymphocytes receptor...
January 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Tsutomu Nakazawa, Mitsutoshi Nakamura, Ryosuke Matsuda, Fumihiko Nishimura, Young Soo Park, Yasushi Motoyama, Yasuo Hironaka, Ichiro Nakagawa, Hiroshi Yokota, Shuichi Yamada, Kentaro Tamura, Yasuhiro Takeshima, Kouji Omoto, Yoshitaka Tanaka, Yukiteru Ouji, Masahide Yoshikawa, Takahiro Tsujimura, Hiroyuki Nakase
Nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (N-BPs), which prevent bone resorption, exert direct and γδT cell (GDT)-mediated antitumor effects against several tumor cell types, including glioblastoma (GBM). However, limited information is available regarding the antitumor effects of N-BPs in GBM. Specifically, the antitumor effects of minodronate (MDA), a third-generation N-BP, in GBM are yet unclear. This study aimed to investigate the antitumor effects of MDA in GBM in vitro and in vivo. We performed growth inhibition and apoptosis detection assays using the GBM cell lines U87MG and U138MG...
September 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Yoshitaka Kimura, Nao Nagai, Naoki Tsunekawa, Marimo Sato-Matsushita, Takayuki Yoshimoto, Daniel J Cua, Yoichiro Iwakura, Hideo Yagita, Futoshi Okada, Hideaki Tahara, Ikuo Saiki, Tatsuro Irimura, Yoshihiro Hayakawa
Although it has been suspected that inflammation is associated with increased tumor metastasis, the exact type of immune response required to initiate cancer progression and metastasis remains unknown. In this study, by using an in vivo tumor progression model in which low tumorigenic cancer cells acquire malignant metastatic phenotype after exposure to inflammation, we found that IL-17A is a critical cue for escalating cancer cell malignancy. We further demonstrated that the length of exposure to an inflammatory microenvironment could be associated with acquiring greater tumorigenicity and that IL-17A was critical for amplifying such local inflammation, as observed in the production of IL-1β and neutrophil infiltration following the cross-talk between cancer and host stromal cells...
September 2016: Cancer Science
Nicole Amberg, Martin Holcmann, Gabriel Stulnig, Maria Sibilia
Topical Imiquimod application is widely used as a model for psoriasiform-like skin inflammation in mice. While the effects on the epidermis are well characterized, it is unclear how Imiquimod affects hair follicles and cycling. Here we investigated how Imiquimod affects hair follicle stem cells (HFSC) and whether the timing of Imiquimod application influences the immune infiltrate. Our results show that Imiqumod application at mid and late Telogen activates HFSC leading to premature hair cycle entry (Anagen), which was accompanied by massive infiltration of inflammatory macrophages and γδT-cells, whereas the number of the respective resident populations decreased...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Chun-Yan Yao, Ting-Ting Wei, Lu-Lu Guo, Peng Shan, Bai-Qing Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency distribution features of innate-like lymphocytes (iNKT cells, γΔT cells and B1 cells) in peripheral blood of normal adults. METHODS: The flow cytometry with 6 fluorescence staining was used to detect the percentages of iNKT lymphocytes, γΔT lymphocytes, B1 lymphocytes and adaptive T lymphocyte, B2 lymphocytes in peripheral blood lymphocytes of 50 normal adults. The difference and correlation between these lymphocyte subsets were analyzed by statistical software...
June 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Hiroaki Ooboshi, Takashi Shichita
Post-ischemic inflammation is re-appraised as an important player in the progression of ischemic stroke. Activation of inflammatory cells via Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and TLR4 is caused by several damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), including high mobility group box-1 (HMGB-1) and heat shock proteins. We have recently found that peroxiredoxin (Prx) is one of the strong DAMPs and activates infiltrating macrophages in brain ischemia. We have also found that interleukin-23 (IL-23) from the activated macrophages stimulates γδT cells which release IL-17, thereby causing the delayed expansion of infarct lesions...
April 2016: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Hongshuang Ma, Yi Yuan, Ling Zhao, Zhuang Ye, Jiandong Xu, Man Li, Zhenyu Jiang, Yanfang Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Although γδT cells are widely recognized as pivotal elements in immune-mediated diseases, their role in the pathogenesis of SLE and therapeutic outcome remains under explored. The current study aims to characterize the γδT cell compartment in SLE and correlate its status to disease severity and response to therapy. METHODS: Human peripheral blood-derived γδ T cells were isolated from 14 healthy volunteers and 22 SLE patients (before and after 4 and 12 weeks following the onset of glucocorticoids (GC), mycophenolatemofetil (MMF) orhydroxychloroquine (HCQ) treatment)...
2016: PloS One
Lei Zhang, Yanxia Huang, Yinyao Lin, Yilong Shan, Sha Tan, Wei Cai, Haiyan Li, Bingjun Zhang, Xuejiao Men, Zhengqi Lu
BACKGROUND: Cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) has multifaceted immunoregulatory functions. Immunity plays an important role in the mechanism of stroke. However, little is known about whether CTB is beneficial for stroke. METHODS: CTB was administered intraperitoneally after ischemia to rats subjected to transient focal ischemia. Infarct volumes, body weight loss, and neurologic deficits were measured. Cytokines, microglia/macrophage activation, and transcriptional factors in the ischemic brain were tested...
2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Kathryn S Sutton, Anindya Dasgupta, David McCarty, Christopher B Doering, H Trent Spencer
BACKGROUND AIMS: Cellular immunotherapy relies on several highly variable patient-specific parameters, such as (i) cell number before and after expansion, (ii) targeting of cells to tumors, (iii) cell survival and function after infusion, and (iv) on- and off-target adverse events. Cellular approaches such as the specific expansion of γδ T cells as opposed to αβ T cells are being pursued. γδ T cells are reasonable candidates for immunotherapy because they (i) possess intrinsic anti-tumorigenicity, (ii) require no priming, (iii) direct tumor killing via recognition of stress-responsive ligands, and (iv), as we now show, can be expanded to clinical cell doses in current Good Manufacturing Practice serum-free media (SFM)...
July 2016: Cytotherapy
Lina Sun, Dustin R Middleton, Paeton L Wantuch, Ahmet Ozdilek, Fikri Y Avci
Glycosylation is arguably the most ubiquitous post-translational modification on proteins in microbial and mammalian cells. During the past few years, there has been intensive research demonstrating that carbohydrates, either in pure forms or in conjunction with proteins or lipids, evoke and modulate adaptive immune responses. We now know that carbohydrates can be directly recognized by T cells or participate in T cell stimulation as components of T cell epitopes. T cell recognition of carbohydrate antigens takes place via their presentation by major histocompatibility complex pathways on antigen-presenting cells...
May 28, 2016: Glycobiology
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