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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676138/-clinical-experience-and-academic-thoughts-of-professor-liu-feng-bin-on-case-series-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-based-on-data-mining
#1
Zheng-Kun Hou, Ji-Ping Li, Zhuo-Qun Chen, Feng-Bin Liu
To analyze and summarize Professor LIU Feng-bin's clinical experience and academic thoughts on gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), the study group adopted the retrospective study for case series and expert interview, extracted the retrospective data, including the herbs, diseases, syndrome type, medical expense and quantity of herbs of GERD patients attended the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine. Statistical description and binary Logistic regression were used for the identification and modification of syndrome type and initial core herbs...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675663/origins-of-metaplasia-in-barrett-s-esophagus-is-this-an-esophageal-stem-or-progenitor-cell-disease
#2
REVIEW
Wei Zhang, David H Wang
The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma has been increasing in Western countries over the past several decades. Though Barrett's esophagus, in which the normal esophageal squamous epithelium is replaced with metaplastic intestinalized columnar cells due to chronic damage from gastroesophageal reflux, is accepted as the requisite precursor lesion for esophageal adenocarcinoma, the Barrett's esophagus cell of origin and the molecular mechanism underlying esophageal epithelial metaplasia remain controversial...
April 19, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674757/ten-initial-cases-of-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-treatment-of-esophageal-motility-disorders-at-okayama-university-hospital
#3
Yuusaku Sugihara, Keita Harada, Ryo Kato, Kenji Yamauchi, Shiho Takashima, Daisuke Takei, Yasushi Yamasaki, Toshihiro Inokuchi, Masahiro Takahara, Sakiko Hiraoka, Hiroyuki Okada
Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for treatment of esophageal motility disorders has recently been reported to be highly effective and less invasive than other treatment. POEM was recently introduced in Okayama University Hospital under the supervision of a physician from a high-volume center. To verify the safety and efficacy of POEM during its introduction in our institution. We examined 10 cases in whom POEM was performed between January 2016 and April 2017. The patients included 7 men and 3 women, with a median age (range) of 49 years (17-74) and median symptom duration of 6 years (1-21)...
April 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672302/mucosal-two-step-pathogenesis-in-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-repeated-weakly-acidic-stimulation-and-activation-of-protease-activated-receptor-2-on-mucosal-interleukin-8-secretion
#4
Lukas Winkelsett, Peter Malfertheiner, Thomas Wex, Arne Kandulski
BACKGROUND: Activation of protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR2) is involved in the mucosal immune pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) that is characterized by proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-8 (IL-8). PAR2 activation on epithelial cells induces epithelial IL-8 secretion and initiates mucosal inflammation. METHODS: A human primary esophageal epithelial cell model was established to investigate the effects of repeated stimulation with weakly acidic solutions and subsequent PAR2 activation...
April 19, 2018: Digestion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671159/clinical-guidelines-update-on-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-barrett-s-esophagus
#5
REVIEW
Michelle Clermont, Gary W Falk
Barrett's esophagus is a condition in which metaplastic columnar epithelium replaces stratified squamous epithelium in the distal esophagus. This condition occurs due to chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease and is a risk factor for the development of esophageal adenocarcinoma. Multiple clinical guidelines have been published around the world in recent years to assist gastroenterologists in the management of these patients and have evolved as new data have become available. While some information such as surveillance technique has not drastically changed, there has been an evolution over the years in diagnostic criteria, screening and endoscopic therapy with a variety of subtle differences among the different guidelines...
April 18, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671158/barrett-s-esophagus-and-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-how-common-are-they-really
#6
REVIEW
Aaron P Thrift
Since the early 1970s, the incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EA) has increased dramatically in most Western populations while the incidence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma has decreased. As a result, EA has become the predominant subtype of esophageal cancer in North America and Europe and is an important contributor to overall cancer mortality. Barrett's esophagus (BE), a metaplastic columnar epithelium of the distal esophagus, is the known precursor lesion for EA. EA and BE occur more frequently in white men over 50 years old, as well as in people with frequent symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux, in smokers, and in people who are obese...
April 18, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668668/tailored-fundoplication-with-endoluminal-functional-lumen-imaging-probe-allows-for-successful-minimally-invasive-hiatal-hernia-repair
#7
Min P Kim, Leonora M Meisenbach, Edward Y Chan
Endoluminal functional lumen imaging probe (EndoFLIP) can provide real time information about characteristics of the gastroesophageal junction. We performed retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on use of EndoFLIP during minimally invasive hiatal hernia repair to tailor the size of the crural closure and size of the fundoplication. We then determined whether it provides good reflux control without significant dysphagia. Forty patients underwent minimally invasive hiatal hernia repair with fundoplication...
April 17, 2018: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668562/the-association-between-proton-pump-inhibitor-use-with-acute-kidney-injury-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#8
Faisal Kamal, Muhammad A Khan, Miklos Z Molnar, Colin W Howden
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are among the most commonly prescribed medicines and are the mainstay of treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease. Recently, there has been an increase in the use of these medicines for unclear and inappropriate indications. Although generally well tolerated and considered to be safe, several observational studies have linked PPI use with a variety of conditions such as pneumonia, Clostridium difficile infection, fractures, hypomagnesemia, and dementia. The well-established association between PPIs and acute interstitial nephritis has raised questions about whether they may also cause acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658820/umbilical-microbiome-and-laparoscopic-surgery-a-descriptive-clinical-study
#9
Alberto Aiolfi, Emanuele Asti, Elena Costa, Davide Ferrari, Gianluca Bonitta, Paola Gaia, Milvana Tedaja, Luigi Bonavina
BACKGROUND: The human skin microbiome consists of colonizing and pathogen germs. The umbilical dimple is a humid environment prone to bacterial colonization and growth. In the laparoscopic era, the umbilicus has become the most common site of entrance into the peritoneum. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of umbilical microflora before antiseptic skin preparation. METHODS: Descriptive single-center study. A series of patients who underwent laparoscopic/open and elective/urgent abdominal surgery over a 2-month period were included...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657605/meta-analysis-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-pantoprazole-in-the-treatment-and-symptom-relief-of-patients-with-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-pan-star
#10
Andrzej Dabrowski, Borut Štabuc, Leonid Lazebnik
Introduction: Proton pump inhibitors therapy success in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a difficult task because the extent of mucosal damage has no relation with the severity of the symptoms. Aim: To establish the efficacy of pantoprazole treatment in patients with erosive reflux disease (ERD) and in those with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD), by assessing symptom relief and quality of life. Treatment duration and adverse events associated with pantoprazole treatment were analysed...
2018: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655862/influence-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-on-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-children
#11
Madeleine Aumar, Arnaud Lalanne, Dominique Guimber, Stéphanie Coopman, Dominique Turck, Laurent Michaud, Frédéric Gottrand
OBJECTIVE: To determine if gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is present at long-term follow-up after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG), and to identify factors associated with the occurrence or aggravation of GERD after PEG placement. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective, observational study was conducted in our single tertiary center over a 13-year period (gastrostomy performed from 1990 to 2003 and follow-up to 2015). Every child who underwent PEG in our center (N = 368) from 1990 to 2003 was eligible...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652032/prevalence-and-clinical-predictors-of-lpr-among-patients-diagnosed-with-gerd-according-to-the-reflux-symptom-index-questionnaire
#12
Mahmoud Mosli, Bashaer Alkhathlan, Abdulmalik Abumohssin, Mazin Merdad, Ameen Alherabi, Osama Marglani, Hani Jawa, Talal Alkhatib, Hani Z Marzouki
Background/Aims: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common condition that can lead to significant morbidity. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is a distinct clinical entity that can occur simultaneously with GERD, necessitating additional treatment measures. The degree of overlap and clinical predictors of LPR among patients with GERD remains unknown. We aim to measure the prevalence of LPR in patients with GERD and identify clinical predictors. Patients and Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study involving patients with confirmed GERD according to the GERD questionnaire (GerdQ) using the reflux symptom index (RSI)...
April 13, 2018: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649837/-cost-effectiveness-and-cost-utility-analyses-of-antireflux-medicine
#13
Ines Gockel, Undine Gabriele Lange, Olaf Schürmann, Boris Jansen-Winkeln, Rainer Sibbel, Orestis Lyros, Nikolaus von Dercks
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic antireflux surgery and medical therapy with proton pump inhibitors are gold standards of gastroesophageal reflux treatment. On account of limited resources and increasing healthcare needs and costs, in this analysis, not only optimal medical results, but also superiority in health economics of these 2 methods are evaluated. METHODS: We performed an electronic literature survey in MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Library, ISRCTN (International Standard Randomization Controlled Trial Number) as well as in the NHS Economic Evaluation Database, including studies published until 1/2017...
April 12, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649419/factor-structure-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-neonatal-eating-assessment-tool-breastfeeding
#14
Britt Frisk Pados, Suzanne M Thoyre, Hayley H Estrem, Jinhee Park, Cara McComish
The purpose of this study was to identify the factor structure of the Neonatal Eating Assessment Tool-Breastfeeding (NeoEAT-Breastfeeding) and to assess its psychometric properties, including internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, and construct validity as measured by concurrent and known-groups validity. Exploratory factor analysis conducted on responses from 402 parents of breastfeeding infants younger than 7 months old showed a 62-item measure with seven subscales and acceptable internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's α = ...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644483/studies-of-abnormalities-of-the-lower-esophageal-sphincter-during-esophageal-emptying-based-on-a-fully-coupled-bolus-esophageal-gastric-model
#15
Wenjun Kou, John E Pandolfino, Peter J Kahrilas, Neelesh A Patankar
The aim of this work was to develop a fully coupled bolus-esophageal-gastric model based on the immersed boundary-finite element method to study the process of esophageal emptying across the esophagogastric junction (EGJ). The model included an esophageal segment, an ellipsoid-shaped stomach, a bolus, and a simple model of the passive and active sphincteric functions of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). We conducted three sets of case studies: (1) the effect of a non-relaxing LES; (2) the influence of the tissue anisotropy in the form of asymmetrical right- and left-sided compliance of the LES segment; and (3) the influence of LES and gastric wall stiffness on bulge formation of the distal esophageal wall...
April 11, 2018: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642692/noncardiac-chest-pain-a-2018-update
#16
Marilena Durazzo, Giuseppe Gargiulo, Rinaldo Pellicano
Noncardiac chest pain (NCCP) is defined as recurring, angina-like, chest pain of noncardiac origin. Studies have estimated that gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common contributing factor for NCCP. In patients with non-GERD related NCCP, esophageal motility disorders, and functional chest pain (FCP) of presumed esophageal origin are the main underlying mechanisms for symptoms. Epidemiologic studies show a high prevalence of panic disorder, anxiety and major depression in NCCP patients. The diagnostic esophageal workup starts only after that cardiac and pulmonary diseases have been ruled out...
April 11, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628411/impact-of-esophageal-atresia-on-the-success-of-fundoplication-for-gastroesophageal-reflux
#17
Samantha A Pellegrino, Sebastian K King, Elizabeth McLeod, Alisa Hawley, Jo-Anne Brooks, John M Hutson, Warwick J Teague
OBJECTIVES: Fundoplication is commonly performed in patients with a history of esophageal atresia (EA), however, the success of this surgery is reduced, as reflected by an increased rate of redo fundoplication. We aimed to determine whether EA impacts the prevalence of fundoplication, its timing, and performance of a redo operation. STUDY DESIGN: A single-center, retrospective review of all patients undergoing fundoplication over a 20-year period (1994-2013) was performed...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628208/complex-gastroschisis-clinical-spectrum-and-neonatal-outcomes-at-a-referral-center
#18
Pablo Laje, Maria V Fraga, William H Peranteau, Holly L Hedrick, Nahla Khalek, Juliana S Gebb, Julie S Moldenhauer, Mark P Johnson, Alan W Flake, N Scott Adzick
AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the outcomes of neonates with complex gastroschisis (GC), and correlate outcomes with each type of complication. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with complex GC owing to prenatal and/or postnatal abdominal complications; 2008-2016. Primary outcomes: time to discontinue parenteral nutrition (off-PN), length of stay (LOS) and neonatal survival. MAIN RESULTS: We treated 58 patients with complex gastroschisis owing to abdominal complications, which were: intestinal necrosis at birth (n=9), intestinal atresia (n=16), medical necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) (n=15), surgical NEC (n=1), in utero volvulus (n=1), vanishing gastroschisis (n=2), severe intestinal dysmotility (n=1), delayed abdominal closure (n=3), abdominal compartment syndrome (n=2) and hiatal hernia/severe gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD; n=11)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625744/long-term-7-or-more-years-outcomes-of-the-sleeve-gastrectomy-a-meta-analysis
#19
Benjamin Clapp, Matthew Wynn, Colin Martyn, Chase Foster, Montana O'Dell, Alan Tyroch
BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is now the most common bariatric operation in the United States and has become an established procedure in the armamentarium of the bariatric surgeon. However, this has happened without the strong support of long-term outcomes data, namely the rate of revision and durability of the weight loss. Newly published data from around the world are starting to show alarming trends in these 2 areas. This paper will examine the published and presented data with at least a 7-year follow-up...
March 6, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625507/efficacy-of-transoral-incisionless-fundoplication-for-refractory-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Thomas R McCarty, Michael Itidiare, Basile Njei, Tarun Rustagi
BACKGROUND:  Given poor symptomatic response rates and rising awareness of the adverse events associated with the long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), endoscopic modalities for treatment of refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) have become more prominent. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate feasibility, efficacy, and tolerability of transoral incisionless fundoplication (TIF) for the treatment of refractory GERD...
April 6, 2018: Endoscopy
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