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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129805/rare-genetic-diseases-update-on-diagnosis-treatment-and-online-resources
#1
REVIEW
Robert E Pogue, Denise P Cavalcanti, Shreya Shanker, Rosangela V Andrade, Lana R Aguiar, Juliana L de Carvalho, Fabrício F Costa
Rare genetic diseases collectively impact a significant portion of the world's population. For many diseases there is limited information available, and clinicians can find difficulty in differentiating between clinically similar conditions. This leads to problems in genetic counseling and patient treatment. The biomedical market is affected because pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries do not see advantages in addressing rare disease treatments, or because the cost of the treatments is too high. By contrast, technological advances including DNA sequencing and analysis, together with computer-aided tools and online resources, are allowing a more thorough understanding of rare disorders...
November 10, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103638/collaborative-efforts-collective-impact
#2
Linda R Greene, Sara Cosgrove
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100497/the-macro-economic-determinants-of-health-and-health-inequalities-umbrella-review-protocol
#3
Yannish Naik, Peter Baker, Ian Walker, Taavi Tillmann, Kristin Bash, Darryl Quantz, Frances Hillier-Brown, Clare Bambra
BACKGROUND: The economic determinants of health have been widely recognised as crucial factors affecting health; however, to date, no comprehensive review has been undertaken to summarise these factors and the ways in which they can influence health. We conceptualise the economy as a complex system made up of underlying approaches, regulation from institutions, markets, finance, labour, the public-private balance as well as production and distributional effects, which collectively impact on health through the effect of moderators...
November 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097731/temporal-consistency-between-gross-primary-production-and-solar-induced-chlorophyll-fluorescence-in-the-ten-most-populous-megacity-areas-over-years
#4
Yaoping Cui, Xiangming Xiao, Yao Zhang, Jinwei Dong, Yuanwei Qin, Russell B Doughty, Geli Zhang, Jie Wang, Xiaocui Wu, Yaochen Qin, Shenghui Zhou, Joanna Joiner, Berrien Moore
The gross primary production (GPP) of vegetation in urban areas plays an important role in the study of urban ecology. It is difficult however, to accurately estimate GPP in urban areas, mostly due to the complexity of impervious land surfaces, buildings, vegetation, and management. Recently, we used the Vegetation Photosynthesis Model (VPM), climate data, and satellite images to estimate the GPP of terrestrial ecosystems including urban areas. Here, we report VPM-based GPP (GPPvpm) estimates for the world's ten most populous megacities during 2000-2014...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070711/dietary-b-vitamin-intake-is-associated-with-lower-urinary-monomethyl-arsenic-and-oxidative-stress-marker-15-f2t-isoprostane-among-new-hampshire-adults
#5
Caitlin G Howe, Zhigang Li, Michael S Zens, Thomas Palys, Yu Chen, Jacqueline Y Channon, Margaret R Karagas, Shohreh F Farzan
Background: Arsenic exposure has been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Growing evidence suggests that B vitamins facilitate arsenic metabolism and may protect against arsenic toxicity. However, to our knowledge, few studies have evaluated this in US populations.Objective: Our objective was to examine whether higher B vitamin intake is associated with enhanced arsenic metabolism and lower concentrations of preclinical markers of CVD among New Hampshire adults.Methods: We used weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression to evaluate the collective impact of 6 dietary B vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, folate, niacin, and vitamins B-6 and B-12) on 1) the proportion of arsenic metabolites in urine and 2) 6 CVD-related markers [including urinary 15-F2t-isoprostane (15-F2t-IsoP)] among 418 participants (26-75 y of age) from the New Hampshire Health Study...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961647/four-states-four-projects-one-mission-collectively-enhancing-mental-and-behavioral-health-capacity-throughout-the-gulf-coast
#6
Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Howard Osofsky, Joy Osofsky, Glenn Rohrer, Timothy Rehner
CONTEXT: The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill triggered numerous concerns regarding the health and well-being of citizens within the already vulnerable Gulf Coast region. Four Mental and Behavioral Health Capacity Projects (MBHCPs) united to form the Quad-State MBHCP component of the Gulf Region Health Outreach Program (GRHOP). Their shared mission was to increase mental and behavioral health (MBH) capacity within coastal counties of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and the Florida Panhandle...
November 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918649/characterizing-verified-head-impacts-in-high-school-girls-lacrosse
#7
Shane V Caswell, Andrew E Lincoln, Hannah Stone, Patricia Kelshaw, Margot Putukian, Lisa Hepburn, Michael Higgins, Nelson Cortes
BACKGROUND: Girls' high school lacrosse players have higher rates of head and facial injuries than boys. Research indicates that these injuries are caused by stick, player, and ball contacts. Yet, no studies have characterized head impacts in girls' high school lacrosse. PURPOSE: To characterize girls' high school lacrosse game-related impacts by frequency, magnitude, mechanism, player position, and game situation. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853640/health-system-redesign-using-collective-impact-implementation-of-the-behavioural-supports-ontario-initiative-in-southwest-ontario
#8
Iris Gutmanis, Jennifer Speziale, Loretta M Hillier, Elisabeth van Bussel, Julie Girard, Kelly Simpson
This paper describes how the Collective Impact framework facilitated the design, implementation and development of a quality improvement initiative aimed at changing the way healthcare is provided to older adults living with mental health, addictions, neurocognitive and behavioral issues in southwestern Ontario. By promoting a common agenda, shared measurement systems, mutually reinforcing activities, continuous communication and with leadership from a backbone organization, system-wide change occurred. Outcomes, operational/strategic, clinical, capacity enhancement and community support structures as well as challenges are discussed...
August 30, 2017: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812843/collaboration-between-researchers-and-knowledge-users-in-health-technology-assessment-a-qualitative-exploratory-study
#9
Mylène Tantchou Dipankui
BACKGROUND: Collaboration between researchers and knowledge users is increasingly promoted because it could enhance more evidence-based decision-making and practice. These complex relationships differ in form, in the particular goals they are trying to achieve, and in whom they bring together. Although much is understood about why partnerships form, relatively little is known about how collaboration works: how the collaborative process is shaped through the partners' interactions, especially in the field of health technology assessment (HTA)? This study aims at addressing this gap in the literature in the specific context of HTA...
December 16, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805502/the-fundamentals-of-cross-sector-collaboration-for-social-change-to-promote-population-health
#10
Joanne G de Montigny, Sylvie Desjardins, Louise Bouchard
Cross-sector collaboration is increasingly relied upon to tackle society's pressing and intractable problems. Chief among societal problems are unfavorable structural and social determinants of health. The ability to positively change these health determinants rests on the collaborative processes and structures of governance across diverse sectors in society. The purpose of this article is to present a conceptual framework that sheds light on the basic requirements of cross-sector collaboration for social change to promote the health of populations...
August 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804051/development-and-validation-of-a-novel-scale-for-measuring-interpersonal-factors-underlying-injection-drug-using-behaviours-among-injecting-partnerships
#11
Meghan D Morris, Torsten B Neilands, Erin Andrew, Lisa Maher, Kimberly A Page, Judith A Hahn
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs with sexual partners or close friends have high rates of syringe/ancillary equipment sharing and HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Although evidence suggests that interpersonal factors underlie these higher risk profiles, there is no quantitative measure of how interpersonal factors operate within injecting relationships. We aimed to develop and validate a quantitative scale to assess levels of injecting drug-related interpersonal factors associated with risky injecting behaviours within injecting partnerships...
October 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724679/improving-health-outcomes-in-a-rural-community-roanoke-valley-community-health-initiative
#12
Audrey L Hardy, Melissa Haithcox-Dennis
For the past 7 years, The Roanoke Valley Community Health Initiative has made inroads in the fight against obesity in Halifax County. The group has leveraged valuable resources to maximize collective impact in the Roanoke Valley. The Health Initiative's work continues to be a catalyst for positive change across the region.
July 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690564/effects-of-mobile-text-advertising-on-consumer-purchase-intention-a-moderated-mediation-analysis
#13
Lin Hongyan, Chen Zhankui
Mobile shopping is increasing in prevalence and has become a necessary part of many people's daily lives. However, one main channel for mobile shopping, mobile shopping applications (apps), has not been thoroughly investigated. This study focused on mobile text advertising delivered from mobile shopping apps using the intention to purchase as the dependent variable for testing its marketing effect. In the context of a promotion focus vs. a prevention focus, we used Higgins' regulatory focus theory combined with Ajzen's TPB and Herzog's U&G to analyze the mechanism by which consumers formulate an intention to purchase in a mobile advertising context...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685866/examining-key-stakeholder-and-community-residents-understanding-of-environmental-influences-to-inform-place-based-interventions-to-reduce-obesity-in-rural-communities-kentucky-2015
#14
Alison Gustafson, Margaret McGladrey, Emily Liu, Nicole Peritore, Kelly Webber, Brooke Butterworth, Ann Vail
PURPOSE: Rural residents report high rates of obesity, physical inactivity, and poor eating habits. The objectives of this study were to (1) use the collective impact model to guide efforts to elicit community members' perceptions of county-specific factors influencing high obesity rates; (2) determine the association between utilization of food retail venues and concern about obesity and healthy eating; and (3) determine community members' utilization of physical activity infrastructure and concern about physical inactivity...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678200/-look-at-the-whole-me-a-mixed-methods-examination-of-black-infant-mortality-in-the-us-through-women-s-lived-experiences-and-community-context
#15
Maeve E Wallace, Carmen Green, Lisa Richardson, Katherine Theall, Joia Crear-Perry
In the US, the non-Hispanic Black infant mortality rate exceeds the rate among non-Hispanic Whites by more than two-fold. To explore factors underlying this persistent disparity, we employed a mixed methods approach with concurrent quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis. Eighteen women participated in interviews about their experience of infant loss. Several common themes emerged across interviews, grouped by domain: individual experiences (trauma, grieving and counseling; criminalization); negative interactions with healthcare providers and the healthcare system; and broader contextual factors...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661310/promoting-mental-health-and-well-being-in-public-health-law-and-practice
#16
Jill Krueger, Nathaniel Counts, Brigid Riley
This article discusses the relationship between stress, physical health, and well-being in cultural context, offers examples of laws, policies, and programs to promote mental health and well-being, and examines how collective impact supports mental health and well-being.
March 2017: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638895/chronic-orofacial-pain-burning-mouth-syndrome-and-other-neuropathic-disorders
#17
Raymond C Tait, McKenzie Ferguson, Christopher M Herndon
Chronic orofacial pain is a symptom associated with a wide range of neuropathic, neurovascular, idiopathic, and myofascial conditions that affect a significant proportion of the population. While the collective impact of the subset of the orofacial pain disorders involving neurogenic and idiopathic mechanisms is substantial, some of these are relatively uncommon. Hence, patients with these disorders can be vulnerable to misdiagnosis, sometimes for years, increasing the symptom burden and delaying effective treatment...
March 2017: Journal of Pain Management & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635496/internet-based-peer-support-for-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-a-summary-of-web-based-data-collection-impact-evaluation-and-user-evaluation
#18
Ilmari Pyykkő, Vinaya Manchaiah, Hilla Levo, Erna Kentala, Martti Juhola
OBJECTIVE: This paper presents a summary of web-based data collection, impact evaluation, and user evaluations of an Internet-based peer support program for Ménière's disease (MD). DESIGN: The program is written in html-form. The data are stored in a MySQL database and uses machine learning in the diagnosis of MD. The program works interactively with the user and assesses the participant's disorder profile in various dimensions (i.e., symptoms, impact, personal traits, and positive attitude)...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601567/impact-of-evidence-based-interventions-on-wound-complications-after-cesarean-delivery
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lorene A Temming, Nandini Raghuraman, Ebony B Carter, Molly J Stout, Roxane M Rampersad, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill, Methodius G Tuuli
BACKGROUND: A number of evidence-based interventions have been proposed to reduce post-cesarean delivery wound complications. Examples of such interventions include appropriate timing of preoperative antibiotics, appropriate choice of skin antisepsis, closure of the subcutaneous layer if subcutaneous depth is ≥2 cm, and subcuticular skin closure with suture rather than staples. However, the collective impact of these measures is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We sought to estimate the impact of a group of evidence-based surgical measures (prophylactic antibiotics administered before skin incision, chlorhexidine-alcohol for skin antisepsis, closure of subcutaneous layer, and subcuticular skin closure with suture) on wound complications after cesarean delivery and to estimate residual risk factors for wound complications...
October 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542059/common-and-critical-components-among-community-health-assessment-and-community-health-improvement-planning-models
#20
Cara L Pennel, James N Burdine, John D Prochaska, Kenneth R McLeroy
Community health assessment and community health improvement planning are continuous, systematic processes for assessing and addressing health needs in a community. Since there are different models to guide assessment and planning, as well as a variety of organizations and agencies that carry out these activities, there may be confusion in choosing among approaches. By examining the various components of the different assessment and planning models, we are able to identify areas for coordination, ways to maximize collaboration, and strategies to further improve community health...
July 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
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