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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399844/implementation-of-a-pragmatic-randomized-trial-of-screening-for-chronic-kidney-disease-to-improve-care-among-non-diabetic-hypertensive-veterans
#1
Carmen A Peralta, Martin Frigaard, Anna D Rubinsky, Leticia Rolon, Lowell Lo, Santhi Voora, Karen Seal, Delphine Tuot, Shirley Chao, Kimberly Lui, Phillip Chiao, Neil Powe, Michael Shlipak
BACKGROUND: Whether screening for chronic kidney disease (CKD) can improve the care of persons at high risk for complications remains uncertain. We describe the design and early implementation experience of a pilot, cluster-randomized pragmatic trial to evaluate the feasibility, implementation, and effectiveness of a "triple marker" CKD screening program (creatinine, cystatin C and albumin to creatinine ratio) for improving care among hypertensive veterans seen in primary care at one Veterans Administration Hospital...
April 12, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356480/estimating-the-implicit-component-of-visuomotor-rotation-learning-by-constraining-movement-preparation-time
#2
Li-Ann Leow, Reece Gunn, Welber Marinovic, Timothy John Carroll
When sensory feedback is perturbed, accurate movement is restored by a combination of implicit processes and deliberate re-aiming to strategically compensate for errors. Here, we directly compare two methods used previously to dissociate implicit from explicit learning on a trial-by-trial basis: 1) asking participants to report the direction that they aim their movements, and contrasting this with the directions of the target and the movement that they actually produce, 2) manipulating movement preparation time...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321706/evaluation-of-a-statewide-dissemination-and-implementation-of-physical-activity-intervention-in-afterschool-programs-a-nonrandomized-trial
#3
Michael W Beets, R Glenn Weaver, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Ruth P Saunders, Collin A Webster, Justin B Moore, Keith Brazendale, Jessica Chandler
In 2015, YMCA-operated afterschool programs (ASPs) across South Carolina pledged to achieve the national standard that calls for every child to accumulate 30 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) during program time. This study shares the first-year findings related to the dissemination, implementation, and outcomes associated with the statewide intervention to achieve the MVPA Standard. Twenty ASPs were sampled from all YMCA-operated ASPs (N = 97) and visited at baseline (spring 2015) and first-year follow-up (spring 2016)...
March 20, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299746/improving-physical-activity-program-adoption-using-integrated-research-practice-partnerships-an-effectiveness-implementation-trial
#4
Samantha M Harden, Sallie Beth Johnson, Fabio A Almeida, Paul A Estabrooks
Integrated research-practice partnerships (IRPPs) may improve adoption of evidence-based programs. The aim of this study is to compare adoption of an IRPP-developed physical activity (PA) program (Fit Extension, FitEx) to a typical efficacy-effectiveness-dissemination pipeline model program (Active Living Every Day, ALED). Guided by the Reach Effectiveness Adoption Implementation Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework, a randomized controlled trial assigned health educators (HEs) to FitEx (n = 18) or ALED (n = 18)...
March 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292299/adoption-reach-and-implementation-of-a-cancer-education-intervention-in-african-american-churches
#5
Sherie Lou Zara Santos, Erin K Tagai, Mary Ann Scheirer, Janice Bowie, Muhiuddin Haider, Jimmie Slade, Min Qi Wang, Cheryl L Holt
BACKGROUND: Use of technology is increasing in health promotion and has continued growth potential in intervention research. Guided by the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework, this paper reports on the adoption, reach, and implementation of Project HEAL (Health through Early Awareness and Learning)-a community-based implementation trial of a cancer educational intervention in 14 African American churches. We compare adoption, reach, and implementation at the organizational and participant level for churches in which lay peer community health advisors (CHAs) were trained using traditional classroom didactic methods compared with a new online system...
March 14, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290737/what-is-the-state-of-the-science-on-physical-activity-interventions-for-family-caregivers-a-systematic-review-and-re-aim-evaluation
#6
Colleen A Cuthbert, Kathryn King-Shier, Dean Ruether, Dianne M Tapp, S N Culos-Reed
BACKGROUND: Family caregivers are an important health care resource and represent a significant proportion of Canadian and US populations. Family caregivers suffer physical and psychological health problems because of being in the caregiver role. Interventions to support caregiver health, including physical activity (PA), are slow to be investigated and translated into practice. PURPOSE: To examine the evidence for PA interventions in caregivers and determine factors hampering the uptake of this evidence into practice...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283032/sustainability-via-active-garden-education-sage-results-from-two-feasibility-pilot-studies
#7
Rebecca E Lee, Nathan H Parker, Erica G Soltero, Tracey A Ledoux, Scherezade K Mama, Lorna McNeill
BACKGROUND: Low physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption in early childhood are continued public health challenges. This manuscript describes outcomes from two pilot studies for Sustainability via Active Garden Education (SAGE), a program designed to increase PA and F&V consumption among 3 to 5 year old children. METHODS: SAGE was developed using community-based participatory research (CBPR) and delivered to children (N = 89) in early care and education centers (ECEC, N = 6) in two US cities...
March 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275976/healthy-eating-for-life-english-as-a-second-language-curriculum-applying-the-re-aim-framework-to-evaluate-a-nutrition-education-intervention-targeting-cancer-risk-reduction
#8
J L Martinez, L R Duncan, S E Rivers, M C Bertoli, A E Latimer-Cheung, P Salovey
Medically underserved US immigrants are at an increased risk for death from preventable or curable cancers due to economic, cultural, and/or linguistic barriers to medical care. The purpose of this study was to describe the evaluation of the pilot study of the Healthy Eating for Life (HE4L) English as a second language curriculum. The Reach, Effectiveness Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance (RE-AIM) model was used to design a mixed-methods approach to the evaluation of the HE4L curriculum. Successful implementation was dependent upon enthusiastic teacher and manager support of the curriculum, teachers' ability to flexibly apply the curriculum to meet student needs, and researcher provision of curriculum workbooks...
March 8, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243670/narrative-review-of-frameworks-for-translating-research-evidence-into-policy-and-practice
#9
Andrew J Milat, Ben Li
BACKGROUND: A significant challenge in research translation is that interested parties interpret and apply the associated terms and conceptual frameworks in different ways. The purpose of this review was to: a) examine different research translation frameworks; b) examine the similarities and differences between the frameworks; and c) identify key strengths and weaknesses of the models when they are applied in practice. METHODS: The review involved a keyword search of PubMed...
February 15, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215384/enhance-%C3%A2-fitness-dissemination-and-implementation-2010-2015-a-scoping-review
#10
Miruna G Petrescu-Prahova, Thomas J Eagen, Sarah L Fishleder, Basia Belza
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity has many benefits for older adult physical and mental health. Enhance(®)Fitness (EF) is an evidence-based group exercise program delivered by community-based organizations. The purpose of this study was to review recent evidence on the dissemination and implementation of EF. METHODS: A scoping review of qualitative and quantitative studies with EF as main focus was conducted. CINAHL, PubMed, PubMed Central, SCOPUS, Web of Science, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar were searched between October and November 2015 for data-based studies on EF published in 2010-2015...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193227/evaluation-of-scaling-up-of-hpv-self-collection-offered-by-community-health-workers-at-home-visits-to-increase-screening-among-socially-vulnerable-under-screened-women-in-jujuy-province-argentina
#11
Silvina Arrossi, Melisa Paolino, Laura Thouyaret, Rosa Laudi, Alicia Campanera
BACKGROUND: Self-collection has been proposed as a strategy to increase cervical screening coverage among hard-to-reach women. However, evaluations of the implementation of this strategy on a large scale are scarce. This paper describes the process and measurement of the scaling-up of self-collection offered by community health workers during home visits as a strategy to reach under-screened women aged 30+ with public health coverage, defined as the target women. METHODS: We used an adaptation of the Health System Framework to analyze key drivers of scaling-up...
February 13, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174667/evaluating-the-feasibility-of-a-web-based-weight-loss-programme-for-naval-service-personnel-with-excess-body-weight
#12
Gulcan Garip, Kate Morton, Robert Bridger, Lucy Yardley
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are a major concern that may influence the operational capacity of the UK Naval Service (NS). This study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of trialling and implementing a modified web-based weight loss programme for overweight and obese NS personnel. METHODS: The feasibility of a web-based weight loss programme with minimal face to face support was evaluated using a non-randomised design, based on the Reach, Efficacy, Adoption, and Implementation (RE-AIM) dimensions of a framework designed for analysing implementation of interventions in practice...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166804/addressing-the-gaps-in-diabetes-care-in-first-nations-communities-with-the-reorganizing-the-approach-to-diabetes-through-the-application-of-registries-radar-the-project-protocol
#13
Dean T Eurich, Sumit R Majumdar, Lisa A Wozniak, Allison Soprovich, Kari Meneen, Jeffrey A Johnson, Salim Samanani
BACKGROUND: Type-2 diabetes rates in First Nations communities are 3-5 times higher than the general Canadian population, resulting in a high burden of disease, complications and comorbidity. Limited community nursing capacity, isolated environments and a lack of electronic health records (EHR)/registries lead to a reactive, disorganized approach to diabetes care for many First Nations people. The Reorganizing the Approach to Diabetes through the Application of Registries (RADAR) project was developed in alignments with federal calls for innovative, culturally relevant, community-specific programs for people with type-2 diabetes developed and delivered in partnership with target communities...
February 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163028/a-nationwide-pharmacy-chain-responds-to-the-opioid-epidemic
#14
Emily Shafer, Nyahne Bergeron, Renae Smith-Ray, Chester Robson, Rachel O'Koren
OBJECTIVES: To describe the 3-pronged approach taken by a large national retail pharmacy chain to address the opioid epidemic and associated overdoses. SETTING: Large national retail pharmacy chain with more than 8200 stores in 50 states. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Eight million customer interactions daily through in-store and digital settings. This is a company with a long history of responding to public health crises. PRACTICE INNOVATION: Initiated 3 programs to respond to the opioid crisis: 1) provide safe medication disposal kiosks; 2) expand national access to naloxone; and 3) provide education on the risk and avoidance of opioid overdose...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152713/the-canadian-true-nth-initiative-a-multisite-intervention-to-improve-the-lives-of-men-with-prostate-cancer
#15
Matthew M George, Elilzabeth D Huggins, Maureen E Rowlands
118 Background: The True NTH Initiative aims to improve the lives and experiences of men with prostate cancer, as well as those of their partners, family and caregivers. In Canada, Prostate Cancer Canada selected ten teams to develop, implement and evaluate evidence-informed programs focusing on decision support, clinical support, lifestyle management, education, social support, navigation and treatment follow-up. Project teams were encouraged to align their local evaluations with a common evaluation framework and a national evaluation plan was developed...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088514/assessing-the-feasibility-acceptability-and-potential-effectiveness-of-an-integrated-approach-to-smoking-cessation-for-new-and-expectant-fathers-the-dads-in-gear-study-protocol
#16
Joan L Bottorff, John L Oliffe, Gayl Sarbit, Cristina Caperchione, Marianne Clark, Anima Anand, Kym Howay
BACKGROUND: Evidence related to the effects of tobacco exposure in pregnancy and on infant and child health have focused on women's smoking cessation. Less often addressed is men's smoking, which when continued in fatherhood, reduces the chances of female partners' cessation and can negatively impact children's health as well as men's health. Dads in Gear (DIG) is an innovative program designed specifically for new fathers who want to reduce and quit smoking that includes three components: smoking cessation, fathering, and physical activity...
March 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979753/healthy-caregivers-healthy-children-hc2-phase-2-integrating-culturally-sensitive-childhood-obesity-prevention-strategies-into-childcare-center-policies
#17
Sarah E Messiah, Cynthia Lebron, Rhoda Moise, M Sunil Mathew, Krystal Sardinas, Catherina Chang, Joanne Palenzuela, Jennifer Walsh, Karla P Shelnutt, Rachel Spector, Fiorella Altare, Ruby Natale
OBJECTIVE: Despite the high prevalence of obesity among preschool-aged children, most states lack childcare center (CCC) nutrition and physical activity policies. The Healthy Caregivers, Healthy Children (HC) Phase 2 project is examining the relationship between the CCC nutrition and physical activity environment and child dietary intake/physical activity patterns and body mass index (BMI). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 24 "Quality Counts" (Miami Dade County, Florida's Quality Rating Improvement System [QRIS)]) CCCs serving low resource families with ≥50 2-to-5year olds attending have been randomized to either intervention (n=12) or control (n=12)...
December 12, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943266/evaluation-of-the-child-oral-health-promotion-malimali-programme-based-on-schools-in-the-kingdom-of-tonga
#18
Reiri Takeuchi, Kohji Kawamura, Sayuri Kawamura, Mami Endoh, Chizuru Uchida, Chieko Taguchi, Takato Nomoto, Koichi Hiratsuka, Sisilia Fifita, Amanaki Fakakovikaetau, Seigo Kobayashi
INTRODUCTION: The South Pacific Medical Team (SPMT) has supported oral health care for Tongan juveniles since 1998. This voluntary activity, named the MaliMali ('smile' in Tongan) Programme, is evaluated in detail in this paper. METHODS: This evaluation was guided by the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework. The objectives were to explore: (i) whether the programme was accessible to Tongan schoolchildren (Reach); (ii) the impact of the programme on decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMFT) scores and toothbrushing habits (Effectiveness); (iii) factors that affected the adoption of the programme (Adoption); (iv) whether implementation was consistent with the programme model (Implementation); and (v) the long-term sustainability of the programme (Maintenance)...
December 12, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940183/randomized-controlled-dissemination-study-of-community-to-clinic-navigation-to-promote-crc-screening-study-design-and-implications
#19
Linda Larkey, Laura Szalacha, Patricia Herman, Julie Gonzalez, Usha Menon
INTRODUCTION: Regular screening facilitates early diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) and reduction of CRC morbidity and mortality. Screening rates for minorities and low-income populations remain suboptimal. Provider referral for CRC screening is one of the strongest predictors of adherence, but referrals are unlikely among those who have no clinic home (common among poor and minority populations). METHODS/STUDY DESIGN: This group randomized controlled study will test the effectiveness of an evidence based tailored messaging intervention in a community-to-clinic navigation context compared to no navigation...
December 7, 2016: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917488/re-aim-analysis-of-a-school-based-nutrition-education-intervention-in-kindergarteners
#20
Andrew L Larsen, Yue Liao, Janel Alberts, Jimi Huh, Trina Robertson, Genevieve F Dunton
BACKGROUND: Few nutrition interventions in kindergarten classes have been evaluated, and none has been tested for program effectiveness, implementation, and dissemination. Building a Healthy Me (BHM) is a nutrition intervention for kindergarteners that is classroom-based and includes a family component. This study evaluated the public health impact of BHM in California kindergarten classrooms using the RE-AIM (reach, efficacy, adoption, implementation, and maintenance) framework. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design assessed pre-to-post changes in nutrition knowledge, dietary consumption, and parent behaviors of 25 intervention classrooms (414 students, 264 parents); and postintervention differences in nutrition knowledge between the intervention classrooms and 4 control classrooms measured at postintervention only (103 students)...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
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