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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936475/surgical-data-science-the-new-knowledge-domain
#1
S Swaroop Vedula, Gregory D Hager
Healthcare in general, and surgery/interventional care in particular, is evolving through rapid advances in technology and increasing complexity of care with the goal of maximizing quality and value of care. While innovations in diagnostic and therapeutic technologies have driven past improvements in quality of surgical care, future transformation in care will be enabled by data. Conventional methodologies, such as registry studies, are limited in their scope for discovery and research, extent and complexity of data, breadth of analytic techniques, and translation or integration of research findings into patient care...
April 2017: Innov Surg Sci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934624/gamification-of-medication-adherence-in-epilepsy
#2
REVIEW
Mohammad Izzat Abdul Rahim, Rhys Huw Thomas
Adherence to medication regimens is a crucial factor in seizure-freedom and well-being for people with epilepsy. In contrast, taking medication inconsistently increases the risk of not only seizures and their adverse effects, but drug side-effects and unnecessary modifications to treatment plans. Epilepsy is prevalent across all age groups and we have been slow to utilise both the technologies and psychologies derived from computer gaming. Gaming has broken through to the mainstream and is no longer the preserve of younger males, mirroring the adoption of smart-phones...
September 14, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929881/high-reliability-in-healthcare-creating-the-culture-and-mindset-for-patient-safety
#3
Bonnie S Cochrane, Mitch Hagins, Gino Picciano, John A King, David A Marshall, Brian Nelson, Craig Deao
Occurrences of patient harm in healthcare represent a significant burden, with serious implications for patients and families and for the capacity of health systems to manage patient access, flow, and wait times. Interest in the science of high reliability, developed originally in industries such as commercial airlines that have demonstrated exceptional safety records, is an emerging trend in healthcare with the potential to help organizations and systems achieve the ultimate goal of zero patient harm. This article argues that zero patient harm is a fundamental imperative, and that high-reliability science can help to accelerate and sustain progress toward this vital goal...
March 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929851/the-transformative-power-of-social-media-considerations-for-practice-and-emerging-leaders
#4
Richard G Booth, Gillian Strudwick, Robert Fraser
Social media has transformed how people communicate both in non-healthcare and healthcare-specific settings. Due to social media's growing importance in society, it is likely that this form of communication will reshape various elements of how healthcare is conceptualized, managed, and delivered. To explore this emerging issue, this article describes the current use of social media in healthcare and examines the future digital transformation of healthcare. Finally, recommendations toward leveraging social media, and how emerging leaders can act as digital stewards to inform future healthcare environments, are also provided...
May 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929847/healthcare-the-speed-of-thought-a-digital-world-needs-successful-transformative-leaders
#5
Ken Tremblay
In the wake of transformational change powered by the digital era, resultant leadership challenges and strategies essential for successful change, both tactical and cultural, are linked to defined capabilities within the Systems Transformation domain of the LEADS in a Caring Environment framework. Honed from experience, specific softer leadership behaviours supporting system transformation are both described and reinforced. Further, a matrix combining the LEADS framework capabilities with these more specific behaviours is offered as a planning tool that leaders may reflect upon and map out key activities associated with their sponsorship of significant change...
September 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929840/leaders-go-first-creating-and-sustaining-a-culture-of-high-performance
#6
Bonnie S Cochrane
The culture of a healthcare organization plays a critically important role in determining whether strategic plans will be executed effectively and organizational goals will be achieved. A culture of high performance serves as a foundation that supports the implementation of healthcare strategies and enables health leaders to evaluate, select, optimize, and sustain a full portfolio of improvement initiatives linked directly to top priorities and mandates. This article argues that a culture of high performance should become an integral part of all strategic planning and, further, that a strong and explicit leadership commitment, beginning with the board and CEO and extending throughout all leadership levels, is required to implement a successful culture transformation...
September 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922541/effects-of-collagen-peptides-intake-on-skin-ageing-and-platelet-release-in-chronologically-aged-mice-revealed-by-cytokine-array-analysis
#7
Hongdong Song, Ling Zhang, Yongkang Luo, Siqi Zhang, Bo Li
Action mechanisms underlying various biological activities of collagen peptides (CPs) remained to be elucidated. Cytokines may play an important role in mediating these health benefits of CPs. This study aimed to systemically examine the cytokines in skin and blood regulated by CPs intake. Thirteen-month-old female Kunming mice were administered with CPs for 2 months (0 or 400 mg/kg bodyweight/day). The cytokines in skin and plasma were analysed using a 53-cytokine array and corresponding ELISA kits. In skin, CPs intake significantly down-regulated placenta growth factor (PIGF-2), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein (IGFBP) -2 and IGFBP-3, and up-regulated platelet factor 4 (PF4), serpin E1 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 ...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914122/improving-health-in-prisons-from-evidence-to-policy-to-implementation-experiences-from-the-uk
#8
Jane Leaman, Anna Amelia Richards, Lynn Emslie, Eamonn Joseph O'Moore
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand the components of a high-quality prison healthcare system and the impact, ten-years on, of the transfer of accountability in England, from a justice ministry to a health ministry. Design/methodology/approach A rapid the evidence review was undertaken, which included a review of 82 papers and qualitative interviews with key informants. The concepts and themes identified were summarised and analysed through a framework analysis, designed to improve population outcomes and address health inequalities...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913985/asthma-biomarkers-do-they-bring-precision-medicine-closer-to-the-clinic
#9
REVIEW
Ioana Agache, Liliana Rogozea
Measurement of biomarkers has been incorporated within clinical research of asthma to characterize the population and to associate the disease with environmental and therapeutic effects. Regrettably, at present, there are no specific biomarkers, none is validated or qualified, and endotype-driven choices overlap. Biomarkers have not yet reached clinical practice and are not included in current asthma guidelines. Last but not least, the choice of the outcome upholding the value of the biomarkers is extremely difficult, since it has to reflect the mechanistic intervention while being relevant to both the disease and the particular person...
November 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910938/-comparison-of-commercial-hiv-1-viral-load-tests-by-using-proficiency-test-results-in-china-2013-2015
#10
L Zhang, C Jin, Z Jiang, T Tang, Y Jiang, P L Pan
Objective: To compare the bio-equivalence among commercial HIV-1 viral load tests, including EasyQ HIV-1 v2.0 (EasyQ) from bioMerieux NucliSens of France; VERSANT HIV-1 RNA 3.0 assay (bDNA) from Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics of USA; COBAS AmpliPrep/COBAS TaqMan HIV-1 test (Taqman) from Roche Molecular Diagnosis of USA; Abbott Real Time HIV-1 Kit (M2000) from Abbott Molecular of USA and two domestic HIV-1 viral load test kits (domestic kit) from DaAn Gene Company of Sun Yat-Sen University and Liaoning Bio-Pharmaceutical company of Northeast pharmaceutical group, by using proficiency test results in China from 2013 to 2015...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899280/ethics-and-discovering-new-meanings-with-metaphors
#11
Constance L Milton
Metaphors are widely understood concepts or structures of human understanding undergirded with transformational creativity. The usages of metaphors are ubiquitous; they are used to convey unique meaning messages in healthcare disciplines. This article begins an ethical straight-thinking discussion of the defining aspects of metaphors and their usage in the discipline of nursing. The humanbecoming paradigm is used to discover new meanings of the metaphor hands-on and its ethical implications for understanding in the discipline of nursing...
July 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899268/linking-the-unitary-paradigm-to-policy-through-a-synthesis-of-caring-science-and-integrative-nursing
#12
Mary S Koithan, Mary Jo Kreitzer, Jean Watson
The principles of integrative nursing and caring science align with the unitary paradigm in a way that can inform and shape nursing knowledge, patient care delivery across populations and settings, and new healthcare policy. The proposed policies may transform the healthcare system in a way that supports nursing praxis and honors the discipline's unitary paradigm. This call to action provides a distinct and hopeful vision of a healthcare system that is accessible, equitable, safe, patient-centered, and affordable...
July 2017: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898795/intestinal-perforation-that-developed-after-chemotherapy-in-a-patient-diagnosed-with-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#13
Cihad Tatar, Mazlum Yavas, Onder Akkus, Bahaeddin Tapkan, Oguz Kagan Batikan, Savas Bayrak, Soykan Arikan
INTRODUCTION: Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (NHL) appear with the malign transformation of mature lymphocytes. Intestinal perforations are one of the most well-known complications of NHLs. In this review, a 29-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with NHL with gastrointestinal involvement that developed intestinal perforation after chemotherapy is presented. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 29-year-old male patient who received systemic chemotherapy in another healthcare center due to Major B-Cell Lymphoma was examined because he had stomachache after the treatment...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894741/digital-health-and-the-challenge-of-health-systems-transformation
#14
Hassane Alami, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Jean-Paul Fortin
Information and communication technologies have transformed all sectors of society. The health sector is no exception to this trend. In light of "digital health", we see multiplying numbers of web platforms and mobile health applications, often brought by new unconventional players who produce and offer services in non-linear and non-hierarchal ways, this by multiplying access points to services for people. Some speak of a "uberization" of healthcare. New realities and challenges have emerged from this paradigm, which question the abilities of health systems to cope with new business and economic models, governance of data and regulation...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893270/the-impact-of-the-advanced-practice-nursing-role-on-quality-of-care-clinical-outcomes-patient-satisfaction-and-cost-in-the-emergency-and-critical-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Brigitte Fong Yeong Woo, Jasmine Xin Yu Lee, Wilson Wai San Tam
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of chronic illness and multimorbidity rises with population aging, thereby increasing the acuity of care. Consequently, the demand for emergency and critical care services has increased. However, the forecasted requirements for physicians have shown a continued shortage. Among efforts underway to search for innovations to strengthen the workforce, there is a heightened interest to have nurses in advanced practice participate in patient care at a great extent...
September 11, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891171/innovation-in-health-service-management-adoption-of-project-management-offices-to-support-major-health-care-transformation
#16
Mélanie Lavoie-Tremblay, Monique Aubry, Guylaine Cyr, Marie-Claire Richer, Jean-François Fortin-Verreault, Claude Fortin, Caroline Marchionni
AIM: To explore the characteristics that influence project management offices acceptance and adoption in healthcare sector. BACKGROUND: The creation of project management offices has been suggested as a promising avenue to promote successful organisational change and facilitate evidence-based practice. However, little is known about the characteristics that promote their initial adoption and acceptance in health care sector. This knowledge is important in the context where many organisations are considering implementing project management offices with nurse managers as leaders...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889163/the-future-of-clinical-education-using-futuristic-scenarios-to-explore-allied-health-deans-perspectives-on-clinical-education
#17
Barbara D Romig, Ann W Tucker, Anne M Hewitt, Julie O'Sullivan Maillet
ISSUE: There is limited information and consensus on the future of clinical education. The Delphi technique was selected to identify agreement among Association of Schools of Allied Health Professions' (ASAHP) allied health deans on the future (2018-2023) of allied health (AH) clinical education. METHODS: Sixty-one AH deans, 54.9% (61 of 111) of the ASAHP membership, expressed opinions about clinical education through a three-round Delphi study. In conjunction with a conceptual model, four futuristic scenarios were used to encourage deans' feedback on the key factors impacting the future of clinical education...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887085/visualizing-omics-and-clinical-data-which-challenges-for-dealing-with-their-variety
#18
REVIEW
Fleur Mougin, David Auber, Romain Bourqui, Gayo Diallo, Isabelle Dutour, Vianney Jouhet, Frantz Thiessard, Rodolphe Thiébaut, Patricia Thébault
Life sciences are currently going through a great number of transformations raised by the in-going revolution in high-throughput technologies for the acquisition of data. The integration of their high dimensionality, ranging from omics to clinical data, is becoming one of the most challenging stages. It involves inter-disciplinary developments with the aim to move towards an enhanced understanding of human physiology for caring purposes. Biologists, bioinformaticians, physicians and other experts related to the healthcare domain have to accompany each step of the analysis process in order to investigate and expertise these various data...
September 6, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885533/practitioner-application-a-method-for-a-successful-turnaround-using-governance-practices-in-an-era-of-healthcare-transformation
#19
Donald R Gintzig
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885532/governance-practices-in-an-era-of-healthcare-transformation-achieving-a-successful-turnaround
#20
Samuel E Sondheim, Dipesh M Patel, Nicole Chin, Kurt Barwis, Julie Werner, Alexus Barclay, Angela Mattie
This article illustrates the successful application of principles established by the American Hospital Association (AHA) to foster hospital transformations (). We examined a small community hospital's successful transition from one emergency care center (ECC) physician group to another and the methods by which significant improvements in outcomes were achieved. The foundation of this transformation included a generative governance style at the board level, a shared governance model at the employee level, a renewed sense of employee and physician engagement, and a sense of individual accountability...
September 2017: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
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