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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895565/challenges-to-the-pair-bond-neural-and-hormonal-effects-of-separation-and-reunion-in-a-monogamous-primate
#1
Katie Hinde, Chelsea Muth, Nicole Maninger, Benjamin J Ragen, Rebecca H Larke, Michael R Jarcho, Sally P Mendoza, William A Mason, Emilio Ferrer, Simon R Cherry, Marina L Fisher-Phelps, Karen L Bales
Social monogamy at its most basic is a group structure in which two adults form a unit and share a territory. However, many socially monogamous pairs display attachment relationships known as pair bonds, in which there is a mutual preference for the partner and distress upon separation. The neural and hormonal basis of this response to separation from the adult pair mate is under-studied. In this project, we examined this response in male titi monkeys (Callicebus cupreus), a socially monogamous New World primate...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885145/trajectories-of-postpartum-depression-depression-in-italian-first-time-fathers
#2
Sara Molgora, Valentina Fenaroli, Matteo Malgaroli, Emanuela Saita
Paternal postpartum depression (PPD) has received little attention compared with maternal prenatal and postpartum depression, despite research reporting that paternal PPD concerns a substantial number of fathers. History of depression and antenatal depression have been identified as important PPD's risk factors, underlining the continuity of depressive symptoms during the transition to parenthood. However, only few studies have focused on the evolution of depressive symptoms with longitudinal research design...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878923/prevalence-trends-and-custody-among-children-of-parents-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-norway
#3
Jan Tøssebro, Turid Midjo, Veronika Paulsen, Berit Berg
BACKGROUND: This study addresses children of parents with intellectual disability in Norway. The aim was to examine: (i) the impact of definitions of intellectual disability on prevalence, (ii) whether numbers were increasing, (iii) the prevalence of motherhood and fatherhood and (iv) rates of lost custody. METHODS: Analyses of national registers (n = 30 834) and mapping in four municipalities (n = 85). RESULTS: 0.19% of all children had parents with recorded intellectual disability, increasing to 0...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870443/sex-differences-in-depression-during-pregnancy-and-the-postpartum-period
#4
REVIEW
Inger Sundström Poromaa, Erika Comasco, Marios K Georgakis, Alkistis Skalkidou
Women have a lifetime risk of major depression double that of men but only during their reproductive years. This sex difference has been attributed partially to activational effects of female sex steroids and also to the burdens of pregnancy, childbirth, and parenting. Men, in contrast, have a reproductive period difficult to delineate, and research on the mental health of men has rarely considered the effects of fatherhood. However, the couple goes through a number of potentially stressing events during the reproductive period, and both mothers and fathers are at risk of developing peripartum depression...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862534/father-absence-but-not-fosterage-predicts-food-insecurity-relative-poverty-and-poor-child-health-in-northern-tanzania
#5
David W Lawson, Susan B Schaffnit, Anushé Hassan, Esther Ngadaya, Bernard Ngowi, Sayoki G M Mfinanga, Susan James, Monique Borgerhoff Mulder
OBJECTIVES: The importance of fathers in ensuring child health in rural developing populations is questioned by anthropologists and population health scientists. Existing literature focuses on paternal death and child mortality. A relative lack of studies consider alternative forms of father absence and/or more subtle health outcomes. Here we determine the frequency and form of father absence in northern Tanzania, and its relationship to household food security, wealth, and child anthropometric status...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808013/paternal-age-at-childbirth-and-eating-disorders-in-offspring
#6
K N Javaras, M E Rickert, L M Thornton, C M Peat, J H Baker, A Birgegård, C Norring, M Landén, C Almqvist, H Larsson, P Lichtenstein, C M Bulik, B M D'Onofrio
BACKGROUND: Advanced paternal age at childbirth is associated with psychiatric disorders in offspring, including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and autism. However, few studies have investigated paternal age's relationship with eating disorders in offspring. In a large, population-based cohort, we examined the association between paternal age and offspring eating disorders, and whether that association remains after adjustment for potential confounders (e.g. parental education level) that may be related to late/early selection into fatherhood and to eating disorder incidence...
November 3, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794482/the-role-of-testosterone-in-coordinating-male-life-history-strategies-the-moderating-effects-of-the-androgen-receptor-cag-repeat-polymorphism
#7
Lee T Gettler, Calen P Ryan, Dan T A Eisenberg, Margarita Rzhetskaya, M Geoffrey Hayes, Alan B Feranil, Sonny Agustin Bechayda, Christopher W Kuzawa
Partnered fathers often have lower testosterone than single non-parents, which is theorized to relate to elevated testosterone (T) facilitating competitive behaviors and lower T contributing to nurturing. Cultural- and individual-factors moderate the expression of such psychobiological profiles. Less is known about genetic variation's role in individual psychobiological responses to partnering and fathering, particularly as related to T. We examined the exon 1 CAG (polyglutamine) repeat (CAGn) within the androgen receptor (AR) gene...
October 26, 2016: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783781/fatherhood-experiences-of-fathers-of-boys-diagnosed-with-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#8
Silvana Aparecida de Lucca, Eucia Beatriz Lopes Petean
This study's aim was to understand the experience of being the father of a boy diagnosed with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). Eight fathers of 10-year-old or older boys diagnosed with DMD, living in RibeirãoPreto and surrounding cities participated in the study. Interviews included a semi-structured script and data were analyzed according to thematic content analysis. The results show that the confirmation of a DMD diagnosis shocked fathers and was mixed with sorrow, helplessness and hopelessness. Most fathers considered the illness of their child to be a mission sent by God, which helps to alleviate the pain and anguish caused by the disease...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770494/paternal-age-and-psychiatric-disorders-a-review
#9
Hilde de Kluiver, Jacobine E Buizer-Voskamp, Conor V Dolan, Dorret I Boomsma
We review the hypotheses concerning the association between the paternal age at childbearing and childhood psychiatric disorders (autism spectrum- and attention deficit/hyperactive disorder) and adult disorders (schizophrenia, bipolar-, obsessive-compulsive-, and major depressive disorder) based on epidemiological studies. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the paternal age effect. We discuss the four main-not mutually exclusive-hypotheses. These are the de novo mutation hypothesis, the hypothesis concerning epigenetic alterations, the selection into late fatherhood hypothesis, and the environmental resource hypothesis...
October 22, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770031/effects-of-child-sexual-abuse-on-the-parenting-of-male-survivors
#10
Joe Wark, Jo-Ann Vis
Research shows that child sexual abuse (CSA) can have detrimental effects on adult functioning. While much research regarding the effects of CSA on parenting of mothers is available, there is a dearth of information on how CSA impacts fatherhood. This literature review finds that the parenting experiences of male survivors are characterized by self-perceptions as adequate parents, deficient parenting as measured by standardized instruments, conceptualization of parenting as an intergenerational legacy and potential healing experience, fear of becoming an abuser, and physical and emotional distance from their children...
October 21, 2016: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769006/younger-or-older-parental-age-and-risk-of-suicidality-premature-death-psychiatric-illness-and-criminality-in-offspring
#11
Pearl L H Mok, Sussie Antonsen, Carsten Bøcker Pedersen, Roger T Webb
BACKGROUND: Younger or older parental age has been linked with a range of adverse offspring endpoints. We investigated associations between parental age and nine adverse offspring outcomes in three correlated domains: (i) Premature death: suicide, unnatural death, natural death; (ii) Psychiatric morbidity: any mental illness, suicide attempt, substance misuse; (iii) Criminality: violent offending, imprisonment, driving whilst intoxicated. METHODS: Persons born in Denmark 1966-1996 were followed from their 15th until 40th birthday or December 2011 (N=1,793,681)...
October 2, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694550/new-fathers-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety-treatment-options-an-integrative-review
#12
Anthony P O'Brien, Karen A McNeil, Richard Fletcher, Agatha Conrad, Amanda J Wilson, Donovan Jones, Sally W Chan
More than 10% of fathers experience depression and anxiety during the perinatal period, but paternal perinatal depression (PPND) and anxiety have received less attention than maternal perinatal mental health problems. Few mainstream treatment options are available for men with PPND and anxiety. The aim of this literature review was to summarize the current understanding of PPND and the treatment programs specifically designed for fathers with perinatal depression. Eight electronic databases were searched using a predefined strategy, and reference lists were also hand searched...
September 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680495/imprinting-and-flexibility-in-human-face-cognition
#13
Urszula M Marcinkowska, Julien Terraube, Gwenaël Kaminski
Faces are an important cue to multiple physiological and psychological traits. Human preferences for exaggerated sex typicality (masculinity or femininity) in faces depend on multiple factors and show high inter-subject variability. To gain a deeper understanding of the mechanisms underlying facial femininity preferences in men, we tested the interactive effect of family structure (birth order, sibling sex-ratio and number of siblings) and parenthood status on these preferences. Based on a group of 1304 heterosexual men, we have found that preference for feminine faces was not only influenced by sibling age and sex, but also that fatherhood modulated this preference...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679796/contemporary-fatherhood-and-its-consequences-for-paternal-psychological-well-being-a-cross-sectional-study-of-fathers-in-central-europe
#14
Patricia Waldvogel, Ulrike Ehlert
The emotional consequences of fatherhood are markedly conditional on the context in which fatherhood is lived out. This study examines the association between different contemporary forms of fatherhood and paternal psychological well-being. The data are from an anonymous online survey of 3615 biological fathers, stepfathers, adoptive fathers, and foster fathers across the German-speaking countries of Central Europe. First, a detailed characterization of the different existing family constellations is provided...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662224/struggling-with-motherhood-and-coping-with-fatherhood-a-grounded-theory-study-among-thai-teenagers
#15
Atcharawadee Sriyasak, Anna-Lena Almqvist, Chaweewan Sridawruang, Wanwadee Neamsakul, Elisabet Häggström-Nordin
OBJECTIVE: to gain a deeper understanding of Thai teenage parents' perspectives, experiences and reasoning about becoming and being a teenage parent from a gender perspective. DESIGN: an exploratory design using grounded theory methodology. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data. An interview guide was developed, a pilot study was undertaken, and interviews were performed on two different occasions: once during the second trimester of pregnancy and again when the infant was 5-6 months old...
September 13, 2016: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616804/parenting-stress-among-low-income-and-working-class-fathers-the-role-of-employment
#16
Kei Nomaguchi, Wendi Johnson
Contemporary norms of fatherhood emphasize the dual demands of breadwinning and daily involvement in childcare. Recent qualitative research suggests that working-class fathers find it difficult to meet these demands due to job instability and workplace inflexibility. Yet, little quantitative research has examined how employment characteristics are related to fathers' parenting stress, in comparison with mothers'. Analyses using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,165) show that unemployment and workplace inflexibility, but not overwork, multiple jobs, odd-jobs, and nonstandard hours, are related to more parenting stress for fathers...
August 2016: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516123/age-at-fatherhood-heritability-and-associations-with-psychiatric-disorders
#17
E M Frans, P Lichtenstein, C M Hultman, R Kuja-Halkola
BACKGROUND: Advancing paternal age has been linked to psychiatric disorders. These associations might be caused by the increased number of de novo mutations transmitted to offspring of older men. It has also been suggested that the associations are confounded by a genetic liability for psychiatric disorders in parents. The aim of this study was to indirectly test the confounding hypotheses by examining if there is a genetic component to advancing paternal age and if men with a genetic liability for psychiatric disorders have children at older ages...
October 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501219/infertile-men-s-needs-and-assessment-of-fertility-care
#18
Randi Sylvest, Jeanette Krogh Fürbringer, Lone Schmidt, Anja Pinborg
INTRODUCTION: Male infertility is potentially a severe, low-control stressor. There is limited knowledge of the expectations, needs, and assessment of fertility care among men with severe infertility. The aim of this study was to explore experience, expectations, needs, and assessment of fertility care among Danish men having severe male-factor infertility. METHODS: Semi-structured qualitative interview study with 10 men with very low sperm quality initiating intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment at the Fertility Clinic, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark...
August 8, 2016: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469438/pregnancy-after-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-following-extended-sperm-preparation-and-hormone-therapy-in-an-azoospermic-man-with-maturation-arrest-and-microlithiasis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
A-L Barbotin, C Ballot, J Sigala, M Leroy, J-M Rigot, D Dewailly, G Robin, V Mitchell
In the management of azoospermia, a combination of testicular sperm extraction and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is usually the most successful option for fatherhood. However, an outstanding question remains: How can at least a few spermatozoa be obtained from the ejaculate, thus avoiding the need for a surgical procedure? A 36-year-old man presented to Assisted Reproduction Unit with his 26-year-old wife. The ultrasound assessment revealed bilateral microlithiasis. Two spermograms revealed absolute azoospermia...
July 29, 2016: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456705/design-and-evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-a-paternal-adaptation-questionnaire
#20
Narges Eskandari, Masoumeh Simbar, AbouAli Vadadhir, Ahmad Reza Baghestani
The present study aimed to design and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Paternal Adaptation Questionnaire (PAQ). The study was a mixed (qualitative and quantitative) sequential exploratory study. In the qualitative phase, a preliminary questionnaire with 210 items emerged from in-depth interviews with 17 fathers and 15 key informants. In the quantitative phase, psychometric properties of the PAQ were assessed. Considering cutoff points as 1.5 for item impact, 0.49 for content validity ratio (CVR), and 0...
July 25, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
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