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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854718/single-fathers-by-choice-using-surrogacy-why-men-decide-to-have-a-child-as-a-single-parent
#1
Nicola Carone, Roberto Baiocco, Vittorio Lingiardi
STUDY QUESTION: Why do men decide to have a child by surrogacy as a single parent? SUMMARY ANSWER: Reasons included feeling that it was the right time (i.e. having 'worked through' concerns about single parenthood; career and financial stability; a fear of getting older; no longer wanting to wait for the 'right' relationship), external encouragement, a desire to reproduce and a fear of separation/divorce. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Because no research has been conducted on single fathers who used surrogacy, their characteristics, motivations and experiences are unknown...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854582/incidence-prevalence-diagnostic-delay-morbidity-mortality-and-socioeconomic-status-in-males-with-46-xx-disorders-of-sex-development-a-nationwide-study
#2
A Berglund, T H Johannsen, K Stochholm, L Aksglaede, J Fedder, M H Viuff, K M Main, C H Gravholt
STUDY QUESTION: What is the epidemiology and trajectory of health and socioeconomic status in males with 46,XX disorders of sex development (DSD)? SUMMARY ANSWER: 46,XX DSD males had an increased overall morbidity compared to male background population controls, and the socioeconomic status was inferior on outcome parameters such as education and long-term income. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: 46,XX DSD males are rare and estimates of prevalence and incidence are limited...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844362/fathers-experience-of-starting-family-life-with-an-infant-born-prematurely-due-to-mothers-severe-illness
#3
Inger Emilie Værland, Kari Vevatne, Berit Støre Brinchmann
OBJECTIVE: To describe fathers' experiences of starting family life with an infant delivered prematurely out of necessity of saving the mother's and infant's lives due to the mother's severe preeclampsia. METHODS: A descriptive, qualitative design was used. Six fathers were interviewed twice: from 6 to 24 days and from 4 to 22 weeks after delivery. Data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using a reflective lifeworld research approach. RESULTS: The essence of the fathers' experiences of establishing a family with a seriously ill mother and a premature infant can be described as a process of becoming a family through reflection on life and death in a context of separation...
October 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833359/paternal-and-maternal-reflective-functioning-in-the-western-australian-peel-child-health-study
#4
Dawson Cooke, Lynn Priddis, Patrick Luyten, Garth Kendall, Robert Cavanagh
While past research on the care of infants has been mostly with mothers, in recent times there has been a renewed attention to the father-infant relationship. This study examined differences between mother and father parental reflective functioning (PRF) or parental mentalizing; that is, the parental capacity to reason about their own and their children's behaviors by taking into consideration intentional mental states. Data were collected from 120 couples with a 1-year-old child who were participants in the West Australian Peel Child Health Study...
August 21, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813264/the-neurobiology-of-fatherhood
#5
REVIEW
James K Rilling, Jennifer S Mascaro
Only about 5% of mammalian species exhibit paternal caregiving in nature, and paternal behavior has evolved multiple times independently among mammals. The most parsimonious way to evolve paternal behavior may be to utilize pre-existing neural systems that are in place for maternal behavior. Despite evidence for similarity in the neurobiology of maternal and paternal behavior in rodents, paternal behavior also has its own dedicated neural circuitry in some species. Human fathers engage conserved subcortical systems that motivate caregiving in rodent parents and human mothers, as well as cortical systems involved with empathy that they share with human mothers...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810483/the-experience-of-fatherhood-following-childhood-cancer-survival
#6
Francis Agnew, Aiveen Higgins, Maureen Casey, Anthony McCarthy
This study explored the experience of becoming a father following childhood cancer survival. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five fathers and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three superordinate themes emerged: 'moving away from and revisiting the experience of cancer', 'making sense of fortune and loss following a life-threatening illness' and 'valuing the opportunity to be a father'. The transition to fatherhood brought unique and specific challenges to fathers. Nevertheless, all appeared to have positively adjusted to this transition...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778097/progress-and-future-prospect-of-in-vitro-spermatogenesis
#7
REVIEW
Fahar Ibtisham, Jiang Wu, Mei Xiao, Lilong An, Zachary Banker, Aamir Nawab, Yi Zhao, Guanghui Li
Infertility has become a major health issue in the world. It affects the social life of couples and of all infertility cases; approximately 40-50% is due to "male factor" infertility. Male infertility could be due to genetic factors, environment or due to gonadotoxic treatment. Developments in reproductive biotechnology have made it possible to rescue fertility and uphold biological fatherhood. In vitro production of haploid male germ cell is a powerful tool, not only for the treatment of infertility including oligozoospermic or azoospermic patient, but also for the fertility preservation in pre-pubertal boys whose gonadal function is threatened by gonadotoxic therapies...
July 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749826/fathers-needs-and-masculinity-dilemmas-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-denmark
#8
Betty Noergaard, Jette Ammentorp, Jesper Fenger-Gron, Poul-Erik Kofoed, Helle Johannessen, Shelley Thibeau
BACKGROUND: Most healthcare professionals in neonatal intensive care units typically focus on the infants and mothers; fathers often feel powerless and find it difficult to establish a father-child relationship. In family-centered healthcare settings, exploring fathers' experiences and needs is important because men's roles in society, especially as fathers, are changing. PURPOSE: To describe fathers' needs when their infants are admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit and to discuss these needs within a theoretical framework of masculinity to advance understanding and generate meaningful knowledge for clinical practices...
August 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694555/parental-leave-use-among-disadvantaged-fathers
#9
Brianne Pragg, Chris Knoester
The United States lags behind other industrialized countries in its lack of inclusive and standardized parental leave policy after the birth or adoption of a child. Using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=2,233), this study examines the patterns and predictors of fathers' parental leave use, as well as its association with father-child engagement. Our findings indicate that the vast majority of employed fathers take parental leave, but they rarely take more than one week of leave. Fathers who have more positive attitudes about fatherhood and who live with the birth mother are especially likely to take leave, and to take more weeks of leave, than other fathers...
June 2017: Journal of Family Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632201/advantageous-developmental-outcomes-of-advancing-paternal-age
#10
M Janecka, F Rijsdijk, D Rai, A Modabbernia, A Reichenberg
Advanced paternal age (APA) at conception has been associated with negative outcomes in offspring, raising concerns about increasing age at fatherhood. Evidence from evolutionary and psychological research, however, suggests possible link between APA and a phenotypic advantage. We defined such advantage as educational success, which is positively associated with future socioeconomic status. We hypothesised that high IQ, strong focus on the subject of interest and little concern about 'fitting in' will be associated with such success...
June 20, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615139/the-impact-of-marriage-and-parenthood-on-male-body-mass-index-static-and-dynamic-effects
#11
Joanna Syrda
RATIONALE: Numerous cross-sectional studies investigated the link between marital status and BMI in the context of competing social science theories (marriage market, marriage selection, marriage protection and social obligation), frequently offering conflicting theoretical predictions and conflicting empirical findings. OBJECTIVE: This study analysed the effects of marriage, divorce, pregnancy, and parenthood on male BMI in a longitudinal setting, avoiding the estimation bias of cross-sectional studies and allowing for an analysis of BMI fluctuation over time and the dynamic effects of these events...
August 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557020/first-time-fathers-postnatal-experiences-and-support-needs-a-descriptive-qualitative-study
#12
Shefaly Shorey, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Shiho Bridge, Yap Seng Chong, Eleanor Holroyd, Hong-Gu He
AIM: To explore first-time fathers' postnatal experiences and support needs in the early postpartum period. BACKGROUND: The postnatal period is a stressful transition period for new fathers. It is imperative to understand their needs and experiences to provide appropriate support for them. The majority of previous studies were based in Western countries and explored fathers' needs during pregnancy and childbirth, with few studies conducted in the postnatal period...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481820/a-prenatal-coparenting-intervention-with-unmarried-father-mother-dyads-fidelity-of-intervention-delivery-by-male-female-community-mentor-teams
#13
Selin Salman-Engin, Tara Little, Vikki Gaskin-Butler, James P McHale
BACKGROUND: Most prenatal preventive interventions for unmarried mothers do not integrate fathers or help the parents plan for the development of a functional coparenting alliance after the baby's arrival. Furthermore, properly trained professionals have only rarely examined the fidelity of these interventions. PURPOSE: This report examines whether experienced community interventionists (home visitors, health educators, fatherhood service personnel) with no formal couples' therapy training are capable of pairing together to deliver with adequate fidelity a manualized dyadic intervention designed for expectant unmarried mothers and fathers...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481613/perceptions-of-masculinity-and-fatherhood-among-men-experiencing-homelessness
#14
Alexander Rice, Ji Youn Cindy Kim, Christopher Nguyen, William Ming Liu, Kevin Fall, Patrick Galligan
This study explored the perceptions of fatherhood held by 11 men living in a homeless shelter. Using consensual qualitative research methodology (CQR; Hill, 2012), we investigated perceptions of masculinity and fatherhood among fathers experiencing homelessness. Participants described (a) their perceptions of masculinity and fatherhood and changes resulting from homelessness, (b) physical and psychological challenges of being a father experiencing homelessness, and (c) expectations of homeless fathers. The fathers generally expressed feelings of low self-esteem related to their perceived difficulty fulfilling the role of providers for their family; however, they also adapted their view of fatherhood to include roles suited to their situation, such as that of guide, teacher, and role model...
May 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464725/the-development-and-application-of-a-protocol-for-the-writing-assessing-and-validating-of-a-corpus-of-relationship-focused-text-messages-for-new-and-expecting-fathers
#15
Chris D May, Richard Fletcher
In developed countries, antenatal education aims to reduce difficulties that mothers and fathers experience during transition to parenthood. However, fathers are often distracted from preparing themselves by the attention given to preparing and supporting mothers. Developments in digital communication present alternative means of supporting fathers at this time. Studies, across a range of health concerns, have reported successful outcomes from text-based interventions. Text messaging, focusing on the issues that cause paternal distress at this time, could provide timely, targeted, and effective support to fathers in their transition to parenthood...
May 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449728/stayin-on-track-the-feasibility-of-developing-internet-and-mobile-phone-based-resources-to-support-young-aboriginal-fathers
#16
Richard Fletcher, Craig Hammond, Darren Faulkner, Nicole Turner, Lisa Shipley, Donna Read, Josephine Gwynn
Young Aboriginal fathers face social and emotional challenges in the transition to fatherhood, yet culturally appropriate support mechanisms are lacking. Peer mentoring to develop online- and mobile phone-based resources and support may be a viable approach to successfully engage these young men. This feasibility study engaged two trusted Aboriginal mentors and researchers to partner with one regional and two rural Aboriginal communities in New South Wales, Australia. Early in the research process, 20 young Aboriginal fathers were recruited as co-investigators...
April 28, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435680/adiposity-cvd-risk-factors-and-testosterone-variation-by-partnering-status-and-residence-with-children-in-us-men
#17
Lee T Gettler, Mallika S Sarma, Rieti G Gengo, Rahul C Oka, James J McKenna
Background and objectives: In many settings, partnered, invested fathers have lower testosterone than single men or fathers who are not involved in caregiving. Reduced testosterone has been identified as a risk factor for multiple chronic diseases, and men's health also commonly varies by life history status. There have been few tests of whether variation in testosterone based on partnering and parenting has implications for men's health. Methodology: We analysed data from a US population-representative sample (NHANES) of young-to-middle aged US men (n = 875; mean age: 29...
2017: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433087/paternal-age-alters-social-development-in-offspring
#18
Magdalena Janecka, Claire M A Haworth, Angelica Ronald, Eva Krapohl, Francesca Happé, Jonathan Mill, Leonard C Schalkwyk, Cathy Fernandes, Abraham Reichenberg, Frühling Rijsdijk
OBJECTIVE: Advanced paternal age (APA) at conception has been linked with autism and schizophrenia in offspring, neurodevelopmental disorders that affect social functioning. The current study explored the effects of paternal age on social development in the general population. METHOD: We used multilevel growth modeling to investigate APA effects on socioemotional development from early childhood until adolescence, as measured by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in the Twins Early Development Study (TEDS) sample...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414073/metabolic-and-affective-consequences-of-fatherhood-in-male-california-mice
#19
Meng Zhao, Theodore Garland, Mark A Chappell, Jacob R Andrew, Wendy Saltzman
Physiological and affective condition can be modulated by the social environment and parental state in mammals. However, in species in which males assist with rearing offspring, the metabolic and affective effects of pair bonding and fatherhood on males have rarely been explored. In this study we tested the hypothesis that fathers, like mothers, experience energetic costs as well as behavioral and affective changes (e.g., depression, anxiety) associated with parenthood. We tested this hypothesis in the monogamous, biparental California mouse (Peromyscus californicus)...
August 1, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406977/separation-increases-passive-stress-coping-behaviors-during-forced-swim-and-alters-hippocampal-dendritic-morphology-in-california-mice
#20
Molly M Hyer, Erica R Glasper
Individuals within monogamous species form bonds that may buffer against the negative effects of stress on physiology and behavior. In some species, involuntary termination of the mother-offspring bond results in increased symptoms of negative affect in the mother, suggesting that the parent-offspring bond may be equally as important as the pair bond. To our knowledge, the extent to which affect in paternal rodents is altered by involuntary termination of the father-offspring bond is currently unknown. Here, we investigated to what extent separation and paternal experience alters passive stress-coping behaviors and dendritic morphology in hippocampal subfields of California mice (Peromyscus californicus)...
2017: PloS One
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