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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140526/risk-and-protective-factors-for-family-violence-among-low-income-fathers-implications-for-violence-prevention-and-fatherhood-programs
#1
R Anna Hayward, Laura Honegger, Amy Cristina Hammock
Over the last decade there has been an increased focus on improving father engagement to improve child and family outcomes. Recent research suggests that child and family outcomes improve with increased fatherhood engagement. This exploratory study examined risk and protective factors associated with approval of family violence among a sample of low-income fathers (N = 686) enrolled in a responsible fatherhood program. The program goals include increasing father involvement and economic stability and encouraging healthy relationships-with a focus on preventing intimate partner violence...
November 13, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117505/changes-in-behavior-and-brain-immediate-early-gene-expression-in-male-threespined-sticklebacks-as-they-become-fathers
#2
Molly Kent, Alison M Bell
Motherhood is a period of intense behavioral and brain activity. However, we know less about the neural and molecular mechanisms associated with the demands of fatherhood. Here, we report the results of two experiments designed to track changes in behavior and brain activation associated with fatherhood in male threespined stickleback fish (Gasterosteus aculeatus), a species in which fathers are the sole providers of parental care. In experiment 1, we tested whether males' behavioral reactions to different social stimuli depends on parental status, i...
November 5, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110526/mental-health-screening-of-fathers-attending-early-parenting-services-in-australia
#3
Richard Fletcher, Eileen Dowse, Jennifer St George, Tara Payling
Paternal perinatal depression and anxiety is a common, though under-recognized mental health condition experienced by men during their transition to fatherhood. An opportunity to screen for paternal mental health issues occurs when parents present for assistance with the care of their baby at early parenting services (EPSs). There are 10 EPSs located across Australia that provide specialist, multidisciplinary interventions to support parents experiencing complex parenting difficulties. Using structured telephone interviews, this qualitative study explored the views of 18 professional staff from nine EPSs regarding screening, referral processes and acceptability of screening fathers for mental health issues...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096280/paternal-postnatal-depression-in-ireland-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#4
Lloyd Frank Philpott, Paul Corcoran
BACKGROUND: it is well established that fatherhood has a long term positive and protective effect on men's health. However, there is also evidence that the transition to fatherhood can be complex and demanding and can lead to distress, anxiety and increased risk of depression. OBJECTIVE: this study aimed to investigate the prevalence of paternal postnatal depression, and to examine associations with a range of demographic and clinical factors. METHODS: a cross-sectional study design was used to collect primary data from 100 fathers, whose partner gave birth to an infant in the previous 12 months...
October 20, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029549/progress-and-future-prospect-of-in-vitro-spermatogenesis
#5
REVIEW
Fahar Ibtisham, Jiang Wu, Mei Xiao, Lilong An, Zachary Banker, Aamir Nawab, Yi Zhao, Guanghui Li
Infertility has become a major health issue in the world. It affects the social life of couples and of all infertility cases; approximately 40-50% is due to "male factor" infertility. Male infertility could be due to genetic factors, environment or due to gonadotoxic treatment. Developments in reproductive biotechnology have made it possible to rescue fertility and uphold biological fatherhood. In vitro production of haploid male germ cell is a powerful tool, not only for the treatment of infertility including oligozoospermic or azoospermic patient, but also for the fertility preservation in pre-pubertal boys whose gonadal function is threatened by gonadotoxic therapies...
September 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029242/germ-cell-neoplasia-in-situ-and-preserved-fertility-despite-suppressed-gonadotropins-in-a-patient-with-testotoxicosis
#6
Li Juel Mortensen, Martin Blomberg Jensen, Peter Christiansen, Ann-Margrethe Rønholt, Anne Jørgensen, Hanne Frederiksen, John E Nielsen, Anand C Loya, Birgitte Grønkær Toft, Niels E Skakkebæk, Ewa Rajpert-De Meyts, Anders Juul
Context: Testotoxicosis is an autosomal dominant, male-limited disorder. Activating mutations in the Luteinizing Hormone Receptor gene (LHCGR) cause high autonomous testosterone secretion resulting in early-onset peripheral precocious puberty. Little is known about long-term consequences of testotoxicosis. Case Description: We present a rare case of a patient followed for 25 years with two remarkable outcomes; preserved fertility and germ cell neoplasia in situ (GCNIS)...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025357/fatherhood-in-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-an-examination-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-strengthen-the-male-parenting-role
#7
Lyndon Reilly, Susan Rees
Traditional Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies value men's role as parents; however, the importance of promoting fatherhood as a key social determinant of men's well-being has not been fully appreciated in Western medicine. To strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male parenting role, it is vital to examine current barriers and opportunities. The first author (a male Aboriginal health project officer) conducted yarning sessions in three remote Australian communities, two being Aboriginal, the other having a high Aboriginal population...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992554/stress-in-fathers-in-the-perinatal-period-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Lloyd Frank Philpott, Patricia Leahy-Warren, Serena FitzGerald, Eileen Savage
BACKGROUND: despite the evidence that fatherhood has a long-term positive and protective effect on men's health, there is also evidence that fatherhood in the perinatal period can be complex and demanding. Due to the potential increase in stressors in the perinatal period, there is reason to hypothesise that it is a time of increased stress for fathers. However, it is not clear how significant a problem stress is for fathers during this stage of life. This is in part, due to the fact that the available research has not been systematically reviewed...
September 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990672/microdissection-testicular-sperm-extraction-in-finland-results-of-the-first-100-patients
#9
Rauni Klami, Harri Mankonen, Antti Perheentupa
INTRODUCTION: Testicular microdissection sperm extraction (MD-TESE) combined with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has made biological fatherhood possible for many men with the most severe form of male infertility, non-obstructive azoospermia. MD-TESE was introduced in Turku in 2008, and by 2015, 100 Finnish men with non-obstructive azoospermia have been operated on. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The average age was 33 years at the time of surgery. Forty-eight had a needle biopsy previously, 56% had testicular size less than 15ml...
October 9, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983715/father-s-role-in-preconception-health
#10
Milton Kotelchuck, Michael Lu
As part of the federal multi-agency conference on Paternal Involvement in Pregnancy Outcomes, the existing Fatherhood paradigm was expanded to include a new focus on Men's Preconception Health. This concept grew out of the women's preconception health movement and the maternal and child health (MCH) life course perspective, as well as pioneering research from the child development, public health data and family planning fields. It encourages a new examination of how men's preconception health impacts both reproductive outcomes and men's own subsequent health and development...
October 5, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983272/are-the-fathers-alright-a-systematic-and-critical-review-of-studies-on-gay-and-bisexual-fatherhood
#11
REVIEW
Francis A Carneiro, Fiona Tasker, Fernando Salinas-Quiroz, Isabel Leal, Pedro A Costa
The purpose of the present systematic and critical review was to assess the findings and to identify the gaps in the literature concerning gay and bisexual fathers. A comprehensive search of relevant literature using electronic databases and reference lists for articles published until December 2016 was conducted. A total of 63 studies, spanning from 1979 to 2016, were collected. More than half of the studies were published after 2011 and the overwhelming majority were conducted in the United States. Nine themes were identified in the studies reviewed: (1) Pathways to fatherhood; (2) Motivations for fatherhood; (3) Parenting experiences and childrearing; (4) Family life and relationship quality; (5) Gender and father identities and gender-role orientation; (6) Disclosure of sexual identity; (7) Social climate; (8) Father's psychosocial adjustment; and (9) Children's psychosocial adjustment...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977276/-maternal-breastfeeding-alone-or-as-a-couple-a-study-on-the-experiences-of-reconfiguration-of-bodies-roles-and-daily-routines-in-mexican-mothers-and-fathers
#12
Ulises Martínez-Plascencia, Yesica Yolanda Rangel-Flores, Ma Estela Rodríguez-Martinez
: Early interruption of maternal breastfeeding is a public health problem in developed and developing societies, and social gender constructions and social inequalities between men and women contribute to the phenomenon's complexity. The article reflects on the experiences of fathers and mothers with the reconfiguration of bodies, roles, and daily routines involved in breastfeeding. This was a qualitative study with an interpretative phenomenological focus and gender perspective in couples whose children were less than six months old, who were breastfeeding or had breastfed and agreed to participate voluntarily...
September 28, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958591/experience-of-fathers-of-neonates-with-congenital-heart-disease-in-south-korea
#13
Jeonghyun Kim, Chiyoung Cha
BACKGROUND: Although the 1st month is critical for establishing fatherhood, rare studies have focused on this topic. OBJECTIVE: To understand experiences of fathers of neonates with congenital heart disease. METHODS: Descriptive phenomenology study. RESULTS: The fathers were initially unaware of the seriousness of their neonates' condition. After they learned about it, they felt despair. They experienced guilt regarding their neonates' diagnosis and tried to take full responsibility for the situation to save their family from crisis...
November 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854718/single-fathers-by-choice-using-surrogacy-why-men-decide-to-have-a-child-as-a-single-parent
#14
Nicola Carone, Roberto Baiocco, Vittorio Lingiardi
STUDY QUESTION: Why do men decide to have a child by surrogacy as a single parent? SUMMARY ANSWER: Reasons included feeling that it was the right time (i.e. having 'worked through' concerns about single parenthood; career and financial stability; a fear of getting older; no longer wanting to wait for the 'right' relationship), external encouragement, a desire to reproduce and a fear of separation/divorce. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Because no research has been conducted on single fathers who used surrogacy, their characteristics, motivations and experiences are unknown...
September 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854582/incidence-prevalence-diagnostic-delay-morbidity-mortality-and-socioeconomic-status-in-males-with-46-xx-disorders-of-sex-development-a-nationwide-study
#15
A Berglund, T H Johannsen, K Stochholm, L Aksglaede, J Fedder, M H Viuff, K M Main, C H Gravholt
STUDY QUESTION: What is the epidemiology and trajectory of health and socioeconomic status in males with 46,XX disorders of sex development (DSD)? SUMMARY ANSWER: 46,XX DSD males had an increased overall morbidity compared to male background population controls, and the socioeconomic status was inferior on outcome parameters such as education and long-term income. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: 46,XX DSD males are rare and estimates of prevalence and incidence are limited...
August 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844362/fathers-experience-of-starting-family-life-with-an-infant-born-prematurely-due-to-mothers-severe-illness
#16
Inger Emilie Værland, Kari Vevatne, Berit Støre Brinchmann
OBJECTIVE: To describe fathers' experiences of starting family life with an infant delivered prematurely out of necessity of saving the mother's and infant's lives due to the mother's severe preeclampsia. METHODS: A descriptive, qualitative design was used. Six fathers were interviewed twice: from 6 to 24 days and from 4 to 22 weeks after delivery. Data were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using a reflective lifeworld research approach. RESULTS: The essence of the fathers' experiences of establishing a family with a seriously ill mother and a premature infant can be described as a process of becoming a family through reflection on life and death in a context of separation...
October 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833359/paternal-and-maternal-reflective-functioning-in-the-western-australian-peel-child-health-study
#17
Dawson Cooke, Lynn Priddis, Patrick Luyten, Garth Kendall, Robert Cavanagh
While past research on the care of infants has been mostly with mothers, in recent times there has been a renewed attention to the father-infant relationship. This study examined differences between mother and father parental reflective functioning (PRF) or parental mentalizing; that is, the parental capacity to reason about their own and their children's behaviors by taking into consideration intentional mental states. Data were collected from 120 couples with a 1-year-old child who were participants in the West Australian Peel Child Health Study...
August 21, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813264/the-neurobiology-of-fatherhood
#18
REVIEW
James K Rilling, Jennifer S Mascaro
Only about 5% of mammalian species exhibit paternal caregiving in nature, and paternal behavior has evolved multiple times independently among mammals. The most parsimonious way to evolve paternal behavior may be to utilize pre-existing neural systems that are in place for maternal behavior. Despite evidence for similarity in the neurobiology of maternal and paternal behavior in rodents, paternal behavior also has its own dedicated neural circuitry in some species. Human fathers engage conserved subcortical systems that motivate caregiving in rodent parents and human mothers, as well as cortical systems involved with empathy that they share with human mothers...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810483/the-experience-of-fatherhood-following-childhood-cancer-survival
#19
Francis Agnew, Aiveen Higgins, Maureen Casey, Anthony McCarthy
This study explored the experience of becoming a father following childhood cancer survival. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five fathers and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Three superordinate themes emerged: 'moving away from and revisiting the experience of cancer', 'making sense of fortune and loss following a life-threatening illness' and 'valuing the opportunity to be a father'. The transition to fatherhood brought unique and specific challenges to fathers. Nevertheless, all appeared to have positively adjusted to this transition...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778097/progress-and-future-prospect-of-in-vitro-spermatogenesis
#20
REVIEW
Fahar Ibtisham, Jiang Wu, Mei Xiao, Lilong An, Zachary Banker, Aamir Nawab, Yi Zhao, Guanghui Li
Infertility has become a major health issue in the world. It affects the social life of couples and of all infertility cases; approximately 40-50% is due to "male factor" infertility. Male infertility could be due to genetic factors, environment or due to gonadotoxic treatment. Developments in reproductive biotechnology have made it possible to rescue fertility and uphold biological fatherhood. In vitro production of haploid male germ cell is a powerful tool, not only for the treatment of infertility including oligozoospermic or azoospermic patient, but also for the fertility preservation in pre-pubertal boys whose gonadal function is threatened by gonadotoxic therapies...
July 27, 2017: Oncotarget
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