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father transition expectation

Maiko Suto, Kenji Takehara, Yumina Yamane, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: Partner education during pregnancy may be able to prevent postnatal mental health problems, and support expectant fathers in their transition to parenthood. The aim of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of prenatal childbirth education among partners of pregnant women, particularly regarding paternal postnatal mental health and couple relationship. METHODS: We searched Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ERIC, and CENTRAL using terms such as "partners of pregnant women," "education," and "prenatal support...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Laura E Prino, Luca Rollè, Cristina Sechi, Luciana Patteri, Anna Ambrosoli, Angela M Caldarera, Eva Gerino, Piera Brustia
Objective: The transition to parenthood, from pregnancy to postpartum period, is a critical process, particularly for couples expecting twins. There is very little literature regarding the links between anxiety, depression, dyadic adjustment, parental stress, and infant temperament spanning from pregnancy to postpartum. This study has two aims: first, to examine whether mothers' and fathers' anxiety, depression, and dyadic adjustment, assessed at the sixth month of pregnancy and 3 months postpartum, are associated with infants' negative affectivity (NA) and parenting stress; second, to examine whether there is any difference between fathers' and mothers' levels of parenting stress and perception of the twins' temperament, as well as to evaluate, separately for mothers and fathers, whether the levels of parenting stress and perception of child temperament differ for each twin...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Lee T Gettler, Calen P Ryan, Dan T A Eisenberg, Margarita Rzhetskaya, M Geoffrey Hayes, Alan B Feranil, Sonny Agustin Bechayda, Christopher W Kuzawa
Partnered fathers often have lower testosterone than single non-parents, which is theorized to relate to elevated testosterone (T) facilitating competitive behaviors and lower T contributing to nurturing. Cultural- and individual-factors moderate the expression of such psychobiological profiles. Less is known about genetic variation's role in individual psychobiological responses to partnering and fathering, particularly as related to T. We examined the exon 1 CAG (polyglutamine) repeat (CAGn) within the androgen receptor (AR) gene...
January 2017: Hormones and Behavior
Anthony P O'Brien, Karen A McNeil, Richard Fletcher, Agatha Conrad, Amanda J Wilson, Donovan Jones, Sally W Chan
More than 10% of fathers experience depression and anxiety during the perinatal period, but paternal perinatal depression (PPND) and anxiety have received less attention than maternal perinatal mental health problems. Few mainstream treatment options are available for men with PPND and anxiety. The aim of this literature review was to summarize the current understanding of PPND and the treatment programs specifically designed for fathers with perinatal depression. Eight electronic databases were searched using a predefined strategy, and reference lists were also hand searched...
September 29, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
Robin S Edelstein, William J Chopik, Darby E Saxbe, Britney M Wardecker, Amy C Moors, Onawa P LaBelle
During the transition to parenthood, both men and women experience hormone changes that are thought to promote parental care. Yet very few studies have explicitly tested the hypothesis that prenatal hormone changes are associated with postpartum parenting behavior. In a longitudinal study of 27 first-time expectant couples, we assessed whether prenatal hormone changes were moderated by self- and partner-reported parenting outcomes at 3 months postpartum. Expectant fathers showed prenatal declines in testosterone and estradiol, and larger declines in these hormones were associated with greater contributions to household and infant care tasks postpartum...
January 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
Heather L Sipsma, Tamora Callands, Alethea Desrosiers, Urania Magriples, Krista Jones, Tashuna Albritton, Trace Kershaw
Objectives Young parents may be particularly vulnerable to poor mental health during the postpartum period. Little research exists, however, to adequately describe trajectories of depressive symptoms during their transition to parenthood, particularly among young fathers. Therefore, we aim to explore trajectories of depressive symptoms from pregnancy through 1 year postpartum among young expectant mothers and their partners. Methods Data are derived from a longitudinal cohort of pregnant adolescent females (ages 14-21; n = 220) and their male partners (n = 190)...
August 19, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Darby E Saxbe, Robin S Edelstein, Hannah M Lyden, Britney M Wardecker, William J Chopik, Amy C Moors
The transition to parenthood has been associated with declines in testosterone among partnered fathers, which may reflect males' motivation to invest in the family. Moreover, preliminary evidence has found that couples show correlations in hormone levels across pregnancy that may also be linked to fathers' preparation for parenthood. The current study used repeated-measures sampling of testosterone across pregnancy to explore whether fathers' change in T, and correlations with mothers' T, were associated with fathers' and mothers' postpartum investment...
July 25, 2016: Hormones and Behavior
Atcharawadee Sriyasak, Anna-Lena Almqvist, Chaweewan Sridawruang, Wanwadee Neamsakul, Elisabet Häggström-Nordin
Becoming a father for the first time might cause great changes in a man's identity and lifestyle. Teenage fathers must strive to balance two competing roles: the teenage role and the father role. The current study design followed grounded theory methodology to gain a deeper understanding of how Thai teenage fathers reason about becoming and being a father from a gender equality perspective. Participants were selected from a heterogeneous group of fathers until saturation was reached (n = 25). Most of the fathers were cohabiting with their partner in an extended family...
May 23, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
Narges Eskandari, Masoumeh Simbar, Abou Ali Vadadhir, Ahmad Reza Baghestani
INTRODUCTION: There have been considerable changes in the concept and meaning of fatherhood in the past few decades and a lot of studies has down in this area, but there is no information about fathering and fatherhood from Iranian perspective, thus present study designed to explore the men's understanding of fathering and paternal role during their first year of transition to parenthood. METHOD: This phenomenological study included accounts of 17 Iranian fathers, who had experienced fathering for the first time...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Maiko Suto, Kenji Takehara, Yumina Yamane, Erika Ota
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of paternal depression in the postnatal period is estimated to be approximately 10 %. Effective partner education during pregnancy has the possibility to prevent postnatal mental health problems and support expectant fathers in their transition to parenthood. This paper describes the protocol of a systematic review that will investigate the effects of prenatal childbirth education for partners of pregnant women particularly on paternal postnatal mental health...
February 3, 2016: Systematic Reviews
Deborah Da Costa, Phyllis Zelkowitz, Kaberi Dasgupta, Maida Sewitch, Ilka Lowensteyn, Rani Cruz, Kelly Hennegan, Samir Khalifé
This cross-sectional study aims to determine the prevalence and determinants of depressive symptoms in first-time expectant fathers during their partner's third trimester of pregnancy. As part of a prospective study examining depressive symptoms in men over the first postnatal year, 622 men (mean age = 34.3 years, ±5.0 years) completed standardized online self-report questionnaires measuring depressed mood, physical activity, sleep quality, social support, marital adjustment, life events, financial stress, and demographics during their partner's third trimester of pregnancy...
September 18, 2015: American Journal of Men's Health
Celina C C Cohen-Bendahan, Roseriet Beijers, Lorenz J P van Doornen, Carolina de Weerth
Caregiving interest in men (N=46) during the third trimester of their partner's pregnancy was examined. The study included both explicit and implicit measures of caregiving interest, assessments of basal urinary concentrations of oxytocin and vasopressin, and exogenous (intranasal) application of these hormones. Compared to control men (N=20), fathers-to-be reported more interest in direct care for children. In an immersive virtual environment, fathers-to-be, in comparison to control men, stood closer to and tended to spend more time looking at the baby-related avatars, and stood further away and tended to spend less time looking at non-baby-related avatars...
November 2015: Infant Behavior & Development
Hugo Azcorra, Luis RodrÍguez, Maria Inês Varela-Silva, Sudip Datta Banik, Federico Dickinson
OBJECTIVES: To analyze differences in knee height (KH) between adult Maya mothers and daughters in Merida City, Mexico, and determine if these differences are associated with their childhood socioeconomic conditions. METHODS: From September 2011 to January 2014, we measured KH and collected data on childhood conditions (place of birth, type of drinking water, family size, and fathers' occupation) from a sample of 180 Maya mother-daughter dyads. Mean KH intergenerational difference was calculated and compared for each category of socioeconomic variables and a multiple regression model was used to assess the association between childhood conditions and KH difference...
November 2015: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
Lorey A Wheeler, Kimberly A Updegraff, Ann Crouter
Mexican-origin parents' work experiences are a distal extrafamilial context for adolescents' adjustment. This 2-wave multiinformant study examined the prospective mechanisms linking parents' work conditions (i.e., self-direction, work pressure, workplace discrimination) to adolescents' adjustment (i.e., educational expectations, depressive symptoms, risky behavior) across the transition to high school drawing on work socialization and spillover models. We examined the indirect effects of parental work conditions on adolescent adjustment through parents' psychological functioning (i...
June 2015: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Marni L Kan, Mark E Feinberg
The need for prevention of children's exposure to family aggression is clear, yet studies have not examined effects of family based programs on both partner and parent-child aggression. This study examined moderated effects of an 8-session psychoeducational program for couples on partner psychological aggression and parent-child physical aggression when the child was 3 years old. A community sample of 169 expectant couples was randomized to intervention and control conditions. Significant program effects indicated reduced partner psychological aggression by fathers and reduced parent-child physical aggression by mothers for couples with frequent preprogram partner psychological aggression and reduced partner psychological aggression by fathers for couples with severe preprogram partner physical aggression...
2014: Violence and Victims
Robin S Edelstein, Britney M Wardecker, William J Chopik, Amy C Moors, Emily L Shipman, Natalie J Lin
OBJECTIVES: Expectant mothers experience marked hormone changes throughout the transition to parenthood. Although similar neuroendocrine pathways are thought to support maternal and paternal behavior, much less is known about prenatal hormone changes in expectant fathers, especially in humans. METHODS: We examined longitudinal changes in salivary testosterone, cortisol, estradiol, and progesterone in 29 first-time expectant couples (N = 58). Couples were assessed up to four times throughout the prenatal period, at approximately weeks 12, 20, 28, and 36 of pregnancy...
May 2015: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
H L Poh, S S L Koh, H-G He
BACKGROUND: While fathers are increasingly expected to participate during their partners' pregnancies and childbirth and many studies have reported their experiences during these periods, no review studies have examined fathers' experiences and needs during pregnancy and childbirth together. AIM: To provide an overview of evidence on fathers' experiences and needs during their partners' pregnancies and childbirth to identify any gaps in the existing literature and practice...
December 2014: International Nursing Review
Hatsumi Taniguchi, Mieki Shimada, Meredith McIntyre
This study explores the meaning of the lived experience of childbirth and parenting of Japanese men who became fathers in a foreign country. Japanese men have been raised to maintain very strict gender roles, excluding them from sharing with their wives the experience of childbirth and the day-to-day parenting of young children. The study employed a descriptive phenomenological approach with in-depth interviews. Participants included nine Japanese men born and raised in Japan who were living in Honolulu. Three theme categories emerged from the data: "making active efforts in preparation for childbirth in a foreign country"; "challenges in pregnancy, childbirth, child care, and as husbands or partners"; and "challenges in transition to parenthood...
January 2015: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
Richard A Settersten, Jack K Day, Doris Cancel-Tirado, Debra Minar Driscoll
This chapter explores how fatherhood prompts struggle and growth in the psychological, social, and economic changes associated with the transition to adulthood. Little is known about these connections, especially for disadvantaged Latino and White fathers who live in small and mid-sized American communities. We draw on eight in-depth focus groups with 48 fathers (27 Latino and 21 White) who have children in low-income schools in a small and mid-sized American community. These men face significant challenges in establishing themselves at work-a central task of both adulthood and fatherhood-and in balancing these demands alongside the strong expectation that they also be involved fathers...
March 2014: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Marjo Flykt, Esa Palosaari, Jallu Lindblom, Mervi Vänskä, Piia Poikkeus, Leena Repokari, Aila Tiitinen, Maija Tulppala, Raija-Leena Punamäki
Parent-child relationship is created already in prenatal fantasies and expectations of the child-to-be. Negative violation of these expectations after the child is born is known to be harmful for the parent-child relationship. Yet, research is scarce about the medical and psychological factors contributing to violated expectations (VE). This study models the role of parent-, delivery- and infant-related underlying mechanisms for VE. It further compares parents with assisted reproductive treatment (ART) and spontaneous conception (SC), and primi- and multiparous couples...
April 2014: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
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