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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829899/correlation-study-of-resistance-components-in-the-selection-of-capsicum-genotypes-resistant-to-the-fungus-colletotrichum-gloeosporioides
#1
A C Maracahipes, J W S Correa, P E Teodoro, K L Araújo, M A A Barelli, L G Neves
Anthracnose is among the major diseases of the Capsicum culture. It is caused by different species of the genus Colletotrichum, which may result in major damages to the cultivation of this genus. Studies aiming to search for cultivars resistant to diseases are essential to reduce financial and agricultural losses. The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between the variables analyzed to select Capsicum genotypes resistant to the fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. The experimental design was completely randomized blocks with three replications, 88 treatments, four ripe fruits, and four unripe fruits per replication...
August 17, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829724/prevalence-age-profile-and-associated-risk-factors-for-hymenolepis-nana-infection-in-a-large-population-based-study-in-northern-peru
#2
Percy M Vilchez Barreto, Ricardo Gamboa, Saul Santivañez, Seth E O'Neal, Claudio Muro, Andrés G Lescano, Luz-Maria Moyano, Guillermo Gonzálvez, Hector H García, For The Cysticercosis Working Group In Perú Cwgp
Hymenolepis nana, the dwarf tapeworm, is a common intestinal infection of children worldwide. We evaluated infection and risk factor data that were previously collected from 14,761 children aged 2-15 years during a large-scale program in northern Peru. We found that 1,124 of 14,761 children (7.61%) had H. nana infection, a likely underestimate given that only a single stool sample was examined by microscopy for diagnosis. The strongest association with infection was lack of adequate water (adjusted prevalence ratio [aPR] 2...
August 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829222/propensity-for-paying-home-visits-among-general-practitioners-and-the-associations-with-cancer-patients-place-of-care-and-death-a-register-based-cohort-study
#3
Anna K Winthereik, Peter Hjertholm, Mette Asbjoern Neergaard, Anders Bonde Jensen, Peter Vedsted
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of associations between home visits by general practitioners and end-of-life care for cancer patients have been subject to confounding. AIM: To analyse associations between general practitioners' propensity to pay home visits and the likelihood of hospitalisation and dying out of hospital among their cancer patients. DESIGN: A national register cohort study with an ecological exposure. Standardised incidence rates of general practitioner home visits were calculated as a measure for propensity...
August 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828589/diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-18f-fdg-pet-ct-in-recurrent-germinal-tumor-carcinoma
#4
Pierpaolo Alongi, Laura Evangelista, Federico Caobelli, Marianna Spallino, Luigi Gianolli, Massimo Midiri, Maria Picchio
AIM: The aim of this bicentric retrospective study was to assess the diagnostic performance, the prognostic value, the incremental prognostic value and the impact on therapeutic management of (18)F-FDG PET/CT in patients with suspected recurrent germinal cell testicular carcinoma (GCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From the databases of two centers including 31,500 (18)F-FDG PET/CT oncological studies, 114 patients affected by GCT were evaluated in a retrospective study...
August 22, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828514/morphological-characteristics-of-chronic-total-occlusion-predictors-of-different-strategies-for-long-segment-femoral-arterial-occlusions
#5
Li-Ming Wei, Yue-Qi Zhu, Pei-Lei Zhang, Fang Liu, Hai-Tao Lu, Jun-Gong Zhao
OBJECTIVES: To investigate morphological characteristics used to predict recanalisation strategies in long-segment (>10 cm) femoral chronic total occlusion (LSF-CTO) angioplasty. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated a range of morphological CTA and DSA features in patients who underwent recanalisation of LSF-CTO. The stage of CTO was classified into early (3-12 months) and late (>12 months) according to estimated duration. Characteristics including stump morphology, lesion length and calcification, proximal side branches, collaterals circulation, runoff vessels and concomitant arterial occlusion were used as predictors, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify variables associated with late-stage CTO and retrograde technique...
August 21, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828351/characteristics-and-national-trends-of-patients-receiving-treatment-of-the-primary-tumor-for-metastatic-prostate-cancer
#6
Sumi Sinha, Vinayak Muralidhar, Felix Y Feng, Paul L Nguyen
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine temporal trends in the receipt of prostatectomy or locoregional radiation to the prostate for patients with metastatic prostate cancer and to identify predictors of receipt of local treatment. METHODS: We identified 39,976 patients with metastatic prostate cancer diagnosed in 2004-2012 using the National Cancer Database (NCDB). We used logistic multivariable regression to determine trends in the receipt of prostate and/or pelvic radiation or radical prostatectomy after adjusting for demographic and clinical factors...
September 2017: Prostate International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827933/validation-of-the-malayalam-version-of-leeds-assessment-of-neuropathic-symptoms-and-signs-pain-scale-in-cancer-patients-in-the-regional-cancer-centre-thiruvananthapuram-kerala-india
#7
Shoukkathali Anzar, Cherian Koshy, Kurian Mathew Abraham
OBJECTIVE: The Self-administered Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (S-LANSS) is a 7-item self-report scale developed to identify pain which is of predominantly neuropathic origin. The aim of this study was to develop a Malayalam version of the LANSS and to test its validity and reliability in chronic pain patients. METHODOLOGY: We enrolled 101 Malayalam-speaking chronic pain patients who visited the Division of Palliative Medicine, Regional Cancer Centre, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827862/mental-well-being-of-migrants-in-urban-center-of-india-analyzing-the-role-of-social-environment
#8
Ghuncha Firdaus
BACKGROUND: Rural to urban migration has become a salient feature of the country. However, there is a dearth of study highlighting impact of this movement on mental health of the migrant people. AIMS: The main objective of the present study was to examine the relationship between specific components of social environment and psychological well-being of migrants in an urban center. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The National Capital Territory of Delhi was selected for intensive study and has an exploratory design supported by cross-sectional primary data...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826894/usefulness-of-mitral-valve-prosthetic-or-bioprosthetic-time-velocity-index-ratio-to-detect-prosthetic-or-bioprosthetic-mitral-valve-dysfunction
#9
Sushil Allen Luis, Lori A Blauwet, Himabindu Samardhi, Cathy West, Ramila A Mehta, Chris R Luis, Gregory M Scalia, Fletcher A Miller, Darryl J Burstow
This study aimed to investigate the utility of transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) Doppler-derived parameters in detection of mitral prosthetic dysfunction and to define optimal cut-off values for identification of such dysfunction by valve type. In total, 971 TTE studies (647 mechanical prostheses; 324 bioprostheses) were compared with transesophageal echocardiography for evaluation of mitral prosthesis function. Among all prostheses, mitral valve prosthesis (MVP) ratio (ratio of time velocity integral of MVP to that of left ventricular outflow tract; odds ratio [OR] 10...
July 25, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826893/effect-of-bleeding-risk-on-type-of-stent-used-in-patients-presenting-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#10
M Chadi Alraies, Sang Yeub Lee, Michael J Lipinski, Kyle Buchanan, Arie Steinvil, Toby Rogers, Edward Koifman, Jiaxiang Gai, Rebecca Torguson, Itsik Ben-Dor, Lowell F Satler, Augusto D Pichard, Ron Waksman
Patients at high bleeding risk (HBR) are at increased risk of bleeding following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES) due to the need for longer dual antiplatelet duration. We sought to evaluate the likelihood of receiving DES during PCI in HBR populations and to characterize DES utilization trends over time. Consecutive patients who underwent PCI from April 2003 to September 2015 were identified. HBR is defined as patients fulfilling 1 or more of the HBR criteria: age ≥75 years, anticoagulation use at discharge, history of stroke, cancer in previous 3 years, glucocorticoid use, hemoglobin (Hgb) <11 g/dl, platelet count <100,000/mm(3), or creatinine clearance (CCr) <40 ml/min...
July 24, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826692/atypical-antipsychotic-prescribing-in-elderly-patients-with-depression
#11
Sanika Rege, Sneha Sura, Rajender R Aparasu
BACKGROUND: Atypical antipsychotics are used as monotherapy or as augmentation therapy for management of late-life depression. However, little is known about utilization pattern of atypical antipsychotics in depression in the elderly. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the prescribing practices and predictors of atypical antipsychotics and augmentation therapy in elderly outpatient visits with depression. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study used the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) and outpatient department component of the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) data from 2010 and 2011...
August 2, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826681/relationship-between-right-ventricular-function-and-atrial-fibrillation-after-cardiac-surgery
#12
Pei-Chi Ting, An-Hsun Chou, Victor Chien-Chia Wu, Feng-Chun Tsai, Jaw-Ji Chu, Chun-Yu Chen, Tzuo-Yun Lan, Shao-Wei Chen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between perioperative right ventricular (RV) function and postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) in the context of cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: A single medical center setting. PARTICIPANTS: The study comprised 92 patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Consecutive patients without previous history of atrial fibrillation referred for cardiac surgery were enrolled prospectively...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822656/phenylephrine-infusion-impact-on-surgical-site-infections-after-lower-extremity-bypass-surgery
#13
Craig Curry, Jens Eldrup-Jorgensen, Janelle Richard, Michele C Siciliano, Wendy Y Craig
OBJECTIVE: Lower extremity bypass (LEB) operations have high rates of surgical site infections (SSI). Phenylephrine is a commonly used vasoconstrictor which may reduce skin blood flow and increase the likelihood of SSI in these patients. We studied the potential effect of phenylephrine infusion during LEB surgery on SSI. METHODS: LEB cases and their demographic data were identified through the Vascular Quality Initiative registry. SSI in this population was identified using the hospital epidemiology surveillance database...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822017/validation-of-a-non-contact-screening-device-for-the-combination-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-periodic-limb-movements-in-sleep
#14
Gerhard Weinreich, Sarah Terjung, Yi Wang, Stefanie Werther, Alberto Zaffaroni, Helmut Teschler
PURPOSE: Recent studies found that the non-contact screening device SleepMinder (ResMed Sensor Technologies, Dublin, Ireland) detects sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) with high diagnostic accuracy in cohorts suspected of this disorder. However, it was reported that in patients with periodic limb movement in sleep (PLMS), this non-contact device overestimates the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). We aimed to overcome this limitation by introducing the novel sleep disorder index (SDI) which is sum of the AHI and the period limb movement index (PLMI)...
August 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821492/use-of-the-low-frequency-high-frequency-ratio-of-heart-rate-variability-to-predict-short-term-deterioration-in-emergency-department-patients-with-sepsis
#15
Douglas P Barnaby, Shannon M Fernando, Kevin J Ferrick, Christophe L Herry, Andrew J E Seely, Polly E Bijur, E John Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: To examine the ability of the low-frequency/high-frequency (LF/HF) ratio of heart rate variability (HRV) analysis to identify patients with sepsis at risk of early deterioration. METHODS: This is a prospective observational cohort study of patients with sepsis presenting to the Montefiore Medical Center ED from December 2014 through September 2015. On presentation, a single ECG Holter recording was obtained and analysed to obtain the LF/HF ratio of HRV...
August 18, 2017: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818297/rothman-index-variability-predicts-clinical-deterioration-and-rapid-response-activation
#16
Brian C Wengerter, Kevin Y Pei, David Asuzu, Kimberly A Davis
BACKGROUND: The overall utility of the Rothman Index (RI), a global measure of inpatient acuity, for surgical patients is unclear. We evaluate whether RI variability can predict rapid response team (RRT) activation in surgical patients. METHODS: Surgical patients who underwent RRT activation from 2013 to 2015 were matched to four control cases. RI variability was gauged by maximum minus minimum RI (MMRI) and RI standard deviation (RISD) within a 24-h period before RRT...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817294/heterogeneity-of-nonadherent-buprenorphine-patients-subgroup-characteristics-and-outcomes
#17
Charles Ruetsch, Joseph Tkacz, Vijay R Nadipelli, Brenna L Brady, Naoko Ronquest, Hyong Un, Joseph Volpicelli
OBJECTIVES: To examine patient characteristics and outcomes associated with nonadherence to buprenorphine and to identify specific patterns of nonadherent behavior. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, retrospective analysis of health claims data. METHODS: Aetna's administrative claims data were used to categorize incident opioid use disorder (OUD) patients based on buprenorphine medication possession ratio (MPR) into adherent (n = 172) and nonadherent (n = 305) groups...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817162/determining-when-it-is-safe-to-remove-the-external-fixator-results-from-a-survey-of-the-limb-lengthening-and-reconstruction-society
#18
Christopher A Iobst, Waleed Mohammed, Ryan Colley
Thousands of external fixators are applied for distraction osteogenesis each year. Determining when it is safe to remove the fixator can be difficult. The purpose of this study was to survey an international group of external fixation surgeons to determine their current practice patterns surrounding external fixator removal. A 10-question, open-ended survey was emailed to members of the Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Society. Responses were recorded, and statistical analysis was performed. Pearson's chi-square test and likelihood ratio were used when indicated...
August 17, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816982/performance-of-procalcitonin-in-diagnosing-parapneumonic-pleural-effusions-a-clinical-study-and-meta-analysis
#19
Chao He, Bo Wang, Danni Li, Huan Xu, Yongchun Shen
BACKGROUND: Parapneumonic pleural effusion (PPE) is a common complication of pneumonia. The accurate diagnosis of PPE remains a challenge. Recent studies suggest that procalcitonin (PCT) emerges as a potential biomarker for PPE. Our study aimed to determine the diagnostic value of PCT for PPE by a clinical study and summarize the overall diagnostic performance of PCT through a meta-analysis. METHODS: Demographic and clinical data of the patients with PPE and controls were collected in our clinical study...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816919/enteral-nutrition-practices-in-critically-ill-children-requiring-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation
#20
Matthew K Leroue, Ryan J Good, Heather E Skillman, Angela S Czaja
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the practice of providing enteral nutrition in critically ill children requiring noninvasive positive pressure ventilation. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: PICU within a quaternary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: PICU patients older than 30 days requiring noninvasive positive pressure ventilation for greater than or equal to 24 hours from August 2014 to June 2015. Invasive mechanical ventilation prior to noninvasive positive pressure ventilation and inability to receive enteral nutrition at baseline were additional exclusionary criteria...
August 12, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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