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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343609/very-late-onset-dabigatran-induced-esophageal-injury
#1
Ko Fujikawa, Nobuhiro Takasugi, Tadao Goto, Shinya Minatoguchi
An 87-year-old man with persistent atrial fibrillation experienced heartburn and dysphagia at 2 years 9 months after initiation of dabigatran. An esophagogastroduodenoscopy demonstrated multiple longitudinal white plaques with ulcers in the narrowed midesophagus compressed between the left atrium and the tortuous aorta. We speculate that the esophageal stenosis contributed to stasis of dabigatran within the esophagus, resulting in prolonged mucosal contact with the caustic contents of the drug. Progressive enlargement of the left atrium may have led to the late onset of the potentially serious complication...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340493/conservative-treatment-with-octreotide-to-provide-early-recovery-of-children-with-esophageal-perforation
#2
Ramazan Karabulut, Zafer Turkyilmaz, Kaan Sonmez, Abdullah Can Basaklar
Background The effectiveness of nonoperative treatment of esophageal perforation (EP) in children with octreotide is highlighted. Methods Records of nine patients (seven boys and two girls with an average age of 5.83 ± 5.35 years) with EP were reviewed. Results EP developed in six patients during dilation of esophageal stenosis (five of six caused by caustic burns). In the other three patients, EP developed after nasogastric placement, after endotracheal intubation, and during endoscopy for foreign body...
March 24, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301879/laparoscopic-transgastric-circumferential-stapler-assisted-vs-endoscopic-esophageal-mucosectomy-in-a-porcine-model
#3
Daniel C Steinemann, Andreas Zerz, Philip C Müller, Peter Sauer, Anja Schaible, Felix Lasitschka, Anne-Catherine Schwarz, Beat P Müller-Stich, Georg R Linke
Background and study aims Extensive endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) for Barrett's esophagus (BE) may lead to stenosis. Laparoscopic, transgastric, stapler-assisted mucosectomy (SAM) with the retrieval of a circumferential specimen is proposed. Methods SAM was evaluated in two phases. The feasibility of SAM and the quality of specimens were assessed in eight animals. The mucosal healing was evaluated in a 6-week survival experiment comparing SAM (n = 6) with EMR (n = 6). The ratio of the esophageal lumen width (REL) at the resection level measured on fluoroscopy at 6 weeks divided by the width immediately after resection was compared...
March 16, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216076/total-esophageal-substitution-for-combined-hypopharyngeal-and-esophageal-strictures-after-corrosive-injury-in-children
#4
Ana Cristina Aoun Tannuri, Uenis Tannuri
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The treatment of children with esophageal strictures and involvement of the hypopharynx caused by caustic substance ingestion continues to be challenging. The aims of the present study are to describe the peculiarities of the technique of complete esophageal substitution for the treatment of children with severe caustic strictures (pharyngocoloplasties) and to compare the results to those of classical esophagocoloplasty with thoracic and abdominal esophageal substitution in another group of children...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107284/postsurgical-perforation-of-the-esophagus-can-be-treated-using-a-fully-covered-stent-in-children
#5
Chantal Chauvet, Arnaud Bonnard, Alexis Mosca, Marc Bellaïche, Pascale Philippe-Chomette, Jérôme Viala
OBJECTIVES: Surgery and conservative treatment of esophageal or gastric perforations are both often associated with poor results and carry a high morbidity and mortality rate. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of using fully covered self-expending metallic stents (SEMS) in children with upper digestive leaks. METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed all children with esophageal or gastric perforation who were treated with placement of an SEMS from January 2011 to January 2015...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078459/endotherapy-in-case-of-relapse-of-neoplastic-barrett-s-esophagus-after-successful-initial-endoscopic-resection
#6
Sébastien Godat, Fabrice Caillol, Aurélie Autret, Erwan Bories, Christian Pesenti, Jean Philippe Ratone, Chiara De Cassan, Flora Poizat, Marc Giovannini
BACKGROUND: Endotherapy in cases of neoplastic Barrett esophagus (BE) relapse after successful initial endoscopic management is commonly accepted, but few studies analyze this topic and also take into account the metachronous lesions. AIMS: To evaluate the efficiency of endotherapy in the case of neoplastic BE relapse after successful complete endoscopic eradication of neoplastic BE and metaplastic BE. METHODS: Retrospective review of medical records was collected in a computerized and prospective manner between 2000 and 2015, in a single tertiary care center...
January 11, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054280/successful-bypass-operation-for-esophageal-obstruction-after-acute-esophageal-necrosis-a-case-report
#7
Yayoi Sakatoku, Masahide Fukaya, Kazushi Miyata, Masato Nagino
BACKGROUND: Acute esophageal necrosis (AEN) is a rare clinical disorder. Esophageal stenosis or obstruction is one of severe complications, but there are a few reports about surgical treatments. In such a situation, it still remains controversial which to choose, esophagectomy or bypass operation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old woman was admitted to the local hospital for septic shock with diabetic ketoacidosis due to necrotizing fasciitis of the right thigh. Three days later, she had hematemesis, and gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed black mucosal coloration throughout the entire esophagus...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042239/oral-steroid-prophylaxis-is-effective-in-preventing-esophageal-strictures-after-large-endoscopic-resection
#8
Jean-Philippe Ratone, Erwan Bories, Fabrice Caillol, Christian Pesenti, Sebastien Godat, Flora Poizat, Chiara De Cassan, Marc Giovannini
BACKGROUND: Strictures are frequent complications of large endoscopic mucosal resections (EMR) and endoscopic submucosal dissections of the esophagus. Local or systemic steroid therapy has shown promise in the prevention of secondary stenosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of systemic steroid therapy following endoscopic resection of at least hemi-circumferential esophageal mucosa. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective study in a tertiary center...
2017: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032545/effect-of-cauterizing-esophageal-mucosa-in-double-patch-treatment-for-acquired-benign-tracheoesophageal-fistula-bronchogastric-stump-fistula
#9
Guang Yang, Yong-An Zhou, Guang-Zhen Bai, Yong Han, Wei-Miao Li, Jian Wang, Xiao-Fei Li, Xiao-Long Yan
BACKGROUND: The management of acquired benign tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) and bronchogastric stump fistula (BGSF) is a challenge. This study aimed to assess the "double-patch" technique with or without esophageal mucosa in treating nonmalignant TEF and BGSF. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We established a dog model with TEF by incising the esophageal and tracheal membranes and suturing them together. The dogs were divided into three groups (n = 12 per group). Groups A and B received a double-patch 7 d later...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999650/subclavian-artery-esophageal-fistula-after-placement-of-a-self-expanding-metal-stent-in-a-patient-with-esophagogastric-anastomosis-stenosis
#10
Mohammadreza Seyedmajidi, Maryam Tavassoli, Mojtaba Kianti, Jamshid Vafaeimanesh
BACKGROUND: There have been reports on stent-related vascular erosions about patients with benign or malignant stenosis of the esophagus who received endoscopic stent insertion for palliative intention for oral intake. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old woman with esophageal cancer located in the middle part of esophagus was treated with esophagectomy. Two years following the surgery, malignant stenosis recurred in the esophagogastric anastomosis. A non-covered self-expanding metal stent (10 cm length with a diameter of 18 mm at expanded state) was inserted...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942874/side-overlap-esophagogastrostomy-to-prevent-reflux-after-proximal-gastrectomy
#11
Yoshito Yamashita, Atsushi Yamamoto, Yutaka Tamamori, Mami Yoshii, Yukio Nishiguchi
BACKGROUND: No optimal method of reconstruction for proximal gastrectomy has been established because of problems associated with postoperative reflux and anastomotic stenosis. It is also important that the reconstruction is easily performed laparoscopically because laparoscopic gastrectomy has become widely accepted in recent years. METHODS: We have developed a new method of esophagogastrostomy, side overlap with fundoplication by Yamashita (SOFY). The remnant stomach is fixated to the diaphragmatic crus on the dorsal side of the esophagus...
December 10, 2016: Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931632/complications-of-therapeutic-gastroscopy-colonoscopy-other-than-resection
#12
REVIEW
Zaheer Nabi
Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is profoundly utilized for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. The therapeutic potential of GI endoscopy has amplified many folds with the evolution of novel techniques as well as equipments. However, with the augmentation of therapeutic endoscopy, the extent, likelihood and severity of adverse events have increased as well. The attendant risks and adverse events with therapeutic endoscopy are many folds that of diagnostic endoscopy. Besides endoscopic resection, therapeutic endoscopy is widely utilized for hemostasis in GI bleeds, dilatation of stenosis, enteral stenting, foreign body removal, ablation of Barrett's esophagus etc...
October 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911065/-gastric-tube-esophagoplasty-using-the-retroesternal-route-in-children
#13
L García Martínez, J A Molino Gahete, S Redecillas Ferreiro, E Bordón Cabrera, J Bueno Recio, G Guillén Burrieza, C Giné Prades, A Lara Valtueña, J Lloret Roca
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal replacement is a surgical alternative once native esophagus can't be preserved. Different organs and routes for the replacement have been described, being the retroesternal route the least used. The aim is to present our results using gastric tube esophagoplasty with a retroesternal approach. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective and descriptive study of 11 patients operated from 2000 to 2015. Median age at surgery was 2.2 years (5 months-9 years) and median weight was 11...
January 25, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807576/esophageal-rings-and-stricture-related-to-a-circumferential-inlet-patch
#14
Julie Guider, Larry Scott
Inlet patches are sometimes seen during upper endoscopy, usually in the proximal esophagus. Complications of inlet patches can cause a wide array of symptoms and complications. A man presented with dysphagia and was found to have 2 rings in the upper esophagus, just above and below a circumferential inlet patch. The more distal ring caused a stenosis, which produced the symptoms. Savary dilation and treatment with a proton pump inhibitor led to symptom resolution. Pathology was missed on the patient's first endoscopy, highlighting the importance of looking for pathology throughout the entire esophagus, not just in the distal esophagus...
August 2016: ACG Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804931/-endoscopic-surgery-for-benign-diseases-and-injuries-of-the-esophagus-with-commentary
#15
V I Oskretkov, A A Gur'yanov, V A Gankov, G I Klimova, A R Andreasyan, D V Balatsky, V V Fedorov, S A Maslikova
AIM: To analyze the results of surgical treatment of patients with benign diseases and injuries of the esophagus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We summarized the experience of different endoscopic interventions in 159 patients with various benign diseases and perforation of the esophagus. Patients with achalasia (72 cases) underwent videolaparoscopic Geller's esophagomyotomy with anterior hemiesophagofundoplication by Dor. Video-assisted thoracoscopic extirpation of the esophagus with simultaneous or delayed esophagocolo/gastroplasty was performed in 56 patients with post-ambustial cicatricial stenosis of the esophagus...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804930/-endoscopic-treatment-of-cicatricial-esophageal-strictures-using-ionized-argon-plasma-with-commentary
#16
T V Skazhutina, V L Tsepelev, A V Stepanov
AIM: To estimate an efficacy of endoscopic treatment of benign cicatricial esophageal strictures using ionized argon plasma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It is presented treatment of 35 patients with post-ambustial and 17 patients with peptic strictures of the esophagus. Their age ranged from 17 to 73 years. Esophageal stenosis achieved 0.1-1.0 cm. Local, tubular and prolonged stenoses were observed in 18 (51.5%), 3 (8.6%) and 14 (39.9%) patients respectively. Peptic stenoses were local in 100% of cases and localized in lower esophagus before cardia...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670649/esophageal-bougination-a-novel-ex-vivo-endoscopic-training-model-correlated-with-clinical-data
#17
V Becker, D Ostler, H Feussner, S Nennstiel, B Haller, R M Schmid, M Bajbouj, A Schneider
BACKGROUND: Esophageal bougination is a worldwide standard endoscopic procedure. Clinical methods and recommendations are based on clinical experiences only. Mechanical properties have never been described. Aim of the study was to establish a realistic ex vivo training model. Therefore, detailed assessment of relevant mechanical features of esophageal bougination should be evaluated ex vivo and in patient setting and correlated against. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A three-step concept was used to evaluate mechanical properties at stenosis level...
September 26, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652302/symptomatic-retention-of-the-patency-capsule-a-multicenter-real-life-case-series
#18
Uri Kopylov, Artur Nemeth, Alba Cebrian, Gabriele Wurm Johansson, Henrik Thorlacius, Ignacio Fernandez-Urien Sainz, Anastasios Koulaouzidis, Rami Eliakim, Ervin Toth
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The patency capsule is designed to evaluate the patency of the small bowel before administration of small-bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE) in patients at high risk of retention. The utilization of a patency capsule may be associated with a risk of symptomatic retention, but very few cases have been reported to date. The aim of our study was to describe our experience with this rare complication of a patency capsule. METHODS: This was a multicenter retrospective case series...
September 2016: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589983/the-use-of-a-sternothyroid-muscle-flap-to-prevent-the-re-recurrence-of-a-recurrent-tracheoesophageal-fistula-found-10%C3%A2-years-after-the-primary-repair
#19
Hajime Takayasu, Kouji Masumoto, Miki Ishikawa, Takato Sasaki, Kentaro Ono
Recurrent tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) is still difficult to diagnose and repair. In almost all cases, recurrence appears relatively soon after the primary surgery. We herein describe a case of recurrent TEF that appeared 10 years after the primary repair. At 2 years of age, the patient suffered from mental retardation due to encephalitis and developed a hiatus hernia with gastro-esophageal reflux. He underwent the repair of a hiatus hernia and fundoplication at 3 years of age. However, the hiatus hernia recurred 6 months after the operation...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580215/esophageal-involvement-is-frequent-in-lichen-planus-study-in-32-patients-with-suggestion-of-clinicopathologic-diagnostic-criteria-and-therapeutic-implications
#20
Johannes S Kern, Kristin Technau-Hafsi, Henning Schwacha, Jan Kuhlmann, Gunther Hirsch, Volker Brass, Peter Deibert, Anette Schmitt-Graeff, Wolfgang Kreisel
OBJECTIVE: Lichen planus (LP) is a classic skin disease that can involve the skin, hair, and nails, as well as the oral and genital mucosa. Histopathology is characterized by a T-lymphocytic, lichenoid, and interface dermatitis. Multiple case reports and small case series have shown that LP can involve the esophagus. However, the diagnostic criteria, incidence, and best treatment options remain uncertain. This study aimed to refine the diagnostic criteria, estimate prevalence, and present an outlook on treatment options to prevent long-term sequelae...
December 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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