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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942656/use-of-self-expanding-nitinol-stents-in-the-pediatric-management-of-refractory-esophageal-caustic-stenosis
#1
Verónica Alonso, Devicka Ojha, Harsha Nalluri, Juan Carlos de Agustín
BACKGROUND: The treatment of recurrent esophageal stricture secondary to the ingestion of a caustic agent is an arduous task. Self-expanding esophageal stents may be an alternative to repeated endoscopic esophageal dilations. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a two-year-old male with a severe and long esophageal stricture successfully treated by the combination of dilations and stent placement. After five months of serial pneumatic dilations, three self-expanding nitinol stents internally coated with silicone were introduced through a gastrostomy, covering the entire esophagus...
October 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932725/ileocolonic-transposition-esophagogastric-bypass-as-an-antireflux-treatment-for-corrosive-esophageal-injury
#2
Yuda Handaya, Mukhamad Sunardi
Because most surgeons perform an esophagectomy and colonic transposition as the main reconstruction method for patients with esophageal stenosis caused by swallowing corrosive materials, we report 2 cases in which ileocolonic transposition was used to treat such patients. Both patients displayed stenosis in the middle third of the esophagus. Their chief complaint was dysphagia. Ileocolonic transposition using vascularization of the Drummond and ileal arteries was followed by a prepared ileocolic graft by ligating ileocolic vessels...
August 2017: Annals of Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811720/endoscopic-occlusion-with-silicone-spigots-for-the-closure-of-refractory-esophago-bronchiole-fistula-after-esophagectomy
#3
Masaya Uesato, Tsuguaki Kono, Yasunori Akutsu, Kentarou Murakami, Akiko Kagaya, Yorihiko Muto, Akira Nakano, Mizuho Aikawa, Tomohide Tamachi, Hiroyuki Amagai, Takahiro Arasawa, Yasuhide Muto, Hisahiro Matsubara
A 65-year-old man with cT1bN0M0 stage I middle thoracic esophageal cancer underwent subtotal esophagectomy and gastric tube reconstruction through the posterior mediastinal route after preoperative carbon-ion radiotherapy and chemotherapy in a clinical trial. Anastomotic leakage occurred, but it spontaneously improved. At six months after the operation, he was rehospitalized with a cough and dysphagia. An esophago-bronchiole fistula and stenosis of the gastric tube were observed. He first underwent stent placement in the gastric tube...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671160/placement-of-tracheobronchial-silicone-y-stents-multicenter-experience-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Sahajal Dhooria, Karan Madan, Vallandramam Pattabhiraman, Ravindra Mehta, Rajiv Goyal, Jayachandra Akkaraju, Ritesh Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Airway obstruction or tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) near the tracheal carina requires placement of Y-shaped stents. Herein, we describe our multicenter experience with the placement of Dumon silicone Y-stents. We also conduct a systematic review for studies describing the deployment of airway silicone Y-stents. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of consecutive subjects who underwent placement of silicone Y-stents. The clinical details including the underlying diagnosis, indication for the placement of silicone Y-stents, success of stent placement, and follow-up are presented...
July 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593785/endoscopically-placed-stents-a-useful-alternative-for-the-management-of-refractory-benign-cervical-esophageal-stenosis
#5
Óscar Nogales, Ana Clemente, Aránzazu Caballero-Marcos, Javier García-Lledó, Leticia Pérez-Carazo, Beatriz Merino, María López-Ibáñez, María Dolores Pérez Valderas, Rafael Bañares, Cecilia González-Asanza
INTRODUCTION: Benign esophageal strictures are relatively frequent and can severely affect the quality of life of a patient. Stenting has been proposed for the treatment of refractory cases. Lesions affecting the cervical esophagus are more difficult to treat, and the placement of stents in this location has traditionally been restricted due to potential adverse events. The aim of this study was to describe the efficacy and safety of endoscopic stenting in the management of refractory benign cervical esophageal strictures (RBCES) in a single-center cohort study...
July 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579789/a-retrograde-y-stenting-of-the-trachea-for-treatment-of-mediastinal-fistula-in-an-unusual-situation
#6
Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt, Paul Zarogoulidis, Michael Steinheimer, Thomas Schneider, Naim Benhassen, Holger Rupprecht, Lutz Freitag
INTRODUCTION: Stents have been used for quite some time for the treatment of benign and malignant airway stenosis. Silicon stents are preferred for benign situations, whereas metallic self-expanding stents are preferred for malignant comorbidities. PATIENT AND METHODS: In general, stents can be placed in different approach directions, although in pulmonary medicine it is logical to apply only antegrade techniques - until now. A 63-year-old patient, 168 cm height and 53 kg weight on referral, suffered chronical diseases...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533859/-a-particular-type-of-cicatricial-pemphigoid-with-unique-iga-deposit
#7
Amina Aounallah, Mariem Jrad, Mehdi Ksiaa, Sana Mokni, Wafa Saidi, Lobna Boussofara, Badreddine Sriha, Mohamed Denguezli, Najet Ghariani, Colandane Belajouza, Rafia Nouira
Cicatricial Pemphigoid is a subepithelial bullous dermatosis which essentially involves the mucous membranes with cicatricial evolution We report the case of a 66-year old patient hospitalized with erosive gingivitis associated with dysphagia, dyspnea and blurred vision. Dermatologic examination showed erosive lesions involving the palate and the pharynx. Ophthalmologic examination showed symblepharons, ectropion and bilateral cataract. Gingival biopsy revealed a necrotic detachment of the buccal epithelium...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530769/beneficial-effects-of-garlic-allium-sativum-oil-in-experimental-corrosive-esophageal-burns-effects-of-garlic-oil-in-esophageal-burns
#8
Ceren Şen Tanrıkulu, Yusuf Tanrikulu, Fahriye Kılınç, Burak Bahadır, Murat Can, Füruzan Köktürk
BACKGROUND: Corrosive esophageal burns, particularly common in developing countries, lead to different problems in different age groups. The ingestion of corrosive substances can cause such problems as stricture of the esophagus, to acute perforation, and even death. Because stricture formation is related to the severity of the initial injury, the prevention of stricture constitutes a main goal of treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective and anti-inflammatory effects of garlic (Allium sativum) oil in corrosive esophageal burn...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502210/-esophageal-complications-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-consequences-or-defensive-reactions
#9
REVIEW
Örs Péter Horváth, Laura Bognár, András Papp, András Vereczkei
Gastroesophageal reflux disease affects more than 10% of the adult population. Most patients can be effectively treated with lifestyle changes and adequate acid-reducing therapy. However, about 10% of the patients remain symptomatic despite treatment and severe complications may develop. Interestingly, some of these complications seem to be a sort of defensive mechanism that may either alleviate the patient's symptoms or prevent developing further complications. In Barrett's esophagus, which can be unambigously considered as a complication of gastroesophageal reflux disease, reflux symptoms ruining the quality of life may significantly improve, since the metaplastic Barrett epithelium is much more resistent to gastric acid, than the normal epithelial lining of the esophagus...
May 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485002/multiple-huge-epiphrenic-esophageal-diverticula-with-motility-disease-treated-with-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-and-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-esophagectomy-a-case-report
#10
Yoshiki Taniguchi, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Shigeyoshi Higashi, Koji Tanaka, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tomoki Makino, Yukinori Kurokawa, Makoto Yamasaki, Shuji Takiguchi, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
BACKGROUND: Epiphrenic esophageal diverticulum is a rare condition that is often associated with a concomitant esophageal motor disorder. Some patients have the chief complaints of swallowing difficulty and gastroesophageal reflux; traditionally, such diverticula have been resected via right thoracotomy. Here, we describe a case with huge multiple epiphrenic diverticula with motility disorder, which were successfully resected using a video-assisted thoracic and laparoscopic procedure...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458847/black-esophagus-acute-esophageal-necrosis-clinical-case-and-review-of-literature
#11
M Bonaldi, C Sala, P Mariani, G Fratus, L Novellino
Black esophagus is a rare, multifactorial disease. A case of acute black esophagus following pancreatic resection is presented. The patient referred us with a specific gastrointestinal bleeding. An esophagogastroduodenoscopy confirmed the diagnosis. We performed conservative treatment with complete esophageal re-epithelization and negative follow-up for stenosis or necrosis relapse.
March 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446997/endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-and-endoscopic-mucosal-resection-for-early-stage-esophageal-cancer
#12
REVIEW
Bo Ning, Mohamed M Abdelfatah, Mohamed O Othman
Mortality from esophageal cancer remains high despite advances in medical therapy. Although the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus remains unchanged, the incidence of the esophageal adenocarcinoma has increased over time. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD and obesity are contributing factors to the development of Barrett's esophagus and subsequent development of adenocarcinoma. Early recognition of the disease can lead to resection of esophageal cancer prior to the development of lymphovascular invasion...
March 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443268/complicated-postoperative-course-after-pulmonary-artery-sling-repair-and-slide-tracheoplasty
#13
Angelika Weber, Birgit Donner, Marie-Hélène Perez, Stefano Di Bernardo, Daniel Trachsel, Kishore Sandu, Nicole Sekarski
Pulmonary artery sling (PAS) is a rare congenital condition in which the left pulmonary artery (LPA) arises from the right pulmonary artery, and then passes between the trachea and the esophagus to reach the left lung, thereby forming a sling around the airway. It is often associated with intrinsic tracheal stenosis due to complete cartilaginous rings. Therapeutic management nowadays consists of one-stage reimplantation of the LPA and tracheoplasty with cardiopulmonary bypass support. Here, we present a 7-week-old boy with PAS and long-segment tracheal stenosis (LSTS) who underwent surgical intervention consisting of reimplantation of the LPA and slide tracheoplasty...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441166/minimally-invasive-organ-preserving-surgery-for-large-submucosal-tumors-in-the-abdominal-esophagus
#14
Eiji Kanehira, Takashi Tanida, Aya Kamei, Kodai Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection of submucosal tumors (SMTs) in the abdominal esophagus is not standardized. Enucleation may be a minimally invasive option, whereas its oncological validity is not very clear. Moreover, how to treat the esophageal wall defect after enucleation and necessity of additional antireflux procedure are also undetermined. METHODS: In 13 patients with a SMT originating the abdominal esophagus laparoscopic enucleation was performed with preserving the integrity of submucosa...
June 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437322/double-lumen-polyamide-tube-stent-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-postcorrosive-esophageal-stenosis
#15
Marek Woynarowski, Maciej Dądalski, Violetta Wojno, Mikołaj Teisseyre, Leszek Hurkała, Emil Płowiecki
This article presents the results of endoscopic treatment for recurrent postcorrosive esophageal stenosis with a tube-stent developed at our institution. The tube-stent was implanted in 5 children with corrosive esophageal injury at the age of 2 to 8.5 years after 7 to 64 dilatation sessions during 5 to 118 months. In total, 13 tube-stents were implanted. One patient had undergone 9 procedures during 2.5 years and the tube-stent remained in place for 14 to 250 days. This patient was tube-stent-dependent due to the lack of any possibility of surgical reconstruction...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417001/minimally-invasive-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-according-to%C3%A2-the-location-of-the-tumor-experience-of-251-patients
#16
Lei Chen, Xi Liu, Rong Wang, Yuncang Wang, Tao Zhang, Dewei Gao, Linggen Gao
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is increasingly used for the treatment of esophageal cancer. However, the ideal approach of MIE is not yet standardized. We explore the ideal approach of MIE according to the location of the tumor and compare the clinical outcomes between patients with cancer arising in the upper third of the esophagus and those with tumors involving the middle and lower third of the esophagus. METHODS: We included patients with esophageal carcinoma and had clear indications for MIE...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396274/acellular-dermal-matrix-for-esophageal-stricture-prevention-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-in-a-porcine-model
#17
Ye Han, Jintao Guo, Siyu Sun, Weichao Wu, Sheng Wang, Nan Ge, Xiang Liu, Guoxin Wang, Shupeng Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is considered an effective treatment for early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions. Esophageal stenosis is closely associated with quasi-circumferential ESD. We examined whether post-ESD esophageal stricture can be prevented by grafting an acellular dermal matrix (ADM) membrane. METHODS: Fourteen Bama miniature pigs were randomly divided into an ADM group (n = 7) and a control group (n = 7). Semicircumferential ESD was performed at the distal esophagus in all animals, and in the ADM group an ADM patch graft was placed at the resection site and secured innovatively with metal clips...
April 8, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391759/current-treatment-of-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#18
Changzhi Zhou, Yi Hu, Yang Xiao, Wen Yin
Tracheoesophageal fistulas (TEFs) often occur with esophageal or bronchial carcinoma. Currently, we rely on implantation of delicate devices, such as self-expanding and silicone stents, in the esophagus or trachea to cover the fistula and expand the stenosis in order to relieve patient pain. However, because each case is different, our approach may not be effective for every patient. Consequently, new devices and technology have emerged to address these situations, such as degradable stents, Amplatzer(®) devices, endobronchial one-way umbrella-shaped valves, and transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells...
April 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364148/robotic-valvuloplastic-esophagogastrostomy-using-double-flap-technique-following-proximal-gastrectomy-technical-aspects-and-short-term-outcomes
#19
Susumu Shibasaki, Koichi Suda, Masaya Nakauchi, Kenji Kikuchi, Shinichi Kadoya, Yoshinori Ishida, Kazuki Inaba, Ichiro Uyama
BACKGROUND: Valvuloplastic esophagogastrostomy by double flap technique (VEG-DFT) is a promising procedure to prevent reflux after proximal gastrectomy (PG), and is achieved by the burial of the abdominal esophagus into the gastric submucosa; however, laparoscopic VEG-DFT is technically demanding due to complicated suturing and ligation maneuvers. The present study was designed to determine the feasibility and safety of robotic VEG-DFT. METHODS: After robotic PG, seromuscular flaps were extracorporeally created at the anterior wall of the remnant stomach through a small umbilical incision...
March 31, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343609/very-late-onset-dabigatran-induced-esophageal-injury
#20
Ko Fujikawa, Nobuhiro Takasugi, Tadao Goto, Shinya Minatoguchi
An 87-year-old man with persistent atrial fibrillation experienced heartburn and dysphagia at 2 years 9 months after initiation of dabigatran. An esophagogastroduodenoscopy demonstrated multiple longitudinal white plaques with ulcers in the narrowed midesophagus compressed between the left atrium and the tortuous aorta. We speculate that the esophageal stenosis contributed to stasis of dabigatran within the esophagus, resulting in prolonged mucosal contact with the caustic contents of the drug. Progressive enlargement of the left atrium may have led to the late onset of the potentially serious complication...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
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