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Biologic Scaffold

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651145/polymer-structure-property-requirements-for-stereolithographic-3d-printing-of-soft-tissue-engineering-scaffolds
#1
REVIEW
Ryan J Mondschein, Akanksha Kanitkar, Christopher B Williams, Scott S Verbridge, Timothy E Long
This review highlights the synthesis, properties, and advanced applications of synthetic and natural polymers 3D printed using stereolithography for soft tissue engineering applications. Soft tissue scaffolds are of great interest due to the number of musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and connective tissue injuries and replacements humans face each year. Accurately replacing or repairing these tissues is challenging due to the variation in size, shape, and strength of different types of soft tissue. With advancing processing techniques such as stereolithography, control of scaffold resolution down to the μm scale is achievable along with the ability to customize each fabricated scaffold to match the targeted replacement tissue...
June 6, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649696/amaryllidaceae-alkaloids-absolute-configuration-and-biological-activity
#2
REVIEW
Alessio Cimmino, Marco Masi, Marco Evidente, Stefano Superchi, Antonio Evidente
Plants belonging to the Amaryllidaceae family are well known for their ornamental and medicinal use. Plant members of this group are distributed through both tropical and subtropical regions of the world and are dominant in Andean South America, the Mediterranean basin, and southern Africa. Amaryllidaceae plants have been demonstrated to be a good source of alkaloids with a large spectrum of biological activities, the latter being strictly related to the absolute stereochemistry of the alkaloid scaffold. Among them, great importance for practical applications in medicine has galanthamine, which has already spawned an Alzheimer's prescription drug as a potent and selective inhibitor of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase...
June 26, 2017: Chirality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646905/mechanistic-understanding-of-nanoparticles-interactions-with-extracellular-matrix-the-cell-and-immune-system
#3
REVIEW
Ayse Basak Engin, Dragana Nikitovic, Monica Neagu, Petra Henrich-Noack, Anca Oana Docea, Mikhail I Shtilman, Kirill Golokhvast, Aristidis M Tsatsakis
Extracellular matrix (ECM) is an extraordinarily complex and unique meshwork composed of structural proteins and glycosaminoglycans. The ECM provides essential physical scaffolding for the cellular constituents, as well as contributes to crucial biochemical signaling. Importantly, ECM is an indispensable part of all biological barriers and substantially modulates the interchange of the nanotechnology products through these barriers. The interactions of the ECM with nanoparticles (NPs) depend on the morphological characteristics of intercellular matrix and on the physical characteristics of the NPs and may be either deleterious or beneficial...
June 24, 2017: Particle and Fibre Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645893/introductory-biology-students-use-of-enhanced-answer-keys-and-reflection-questions-to-engage-in-metacognition-and-enhance-understanding
#4
Jaime L Sabel, Joseph T Dauer, Cory T Forbes
Providing feedback to students as they learn to integrate individual concepts into complex systems is an important way to help them to develop robust understanding, but it is challenging in large, undergraduate classes for instructors to provide feedback that is frequent and directed enough to help individual students. Various scaffolds can be used to help students engage in self-regulated learning and generate internal feedback to improve their learning. This study examined the use of enhanced answer keys with added reflection questions and instruction as scaffolds for engaging undergraduate students in self-regulated learning within an introductory biology course...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645831/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-jl-a7-derivatives-as-potent-abcb1-inhibitors
#5
Miaobo Pan, Jian Cui, Lei Jiao, Hesham Ghaleb, Chen Liao, Jiaqi Zhou, Mutta Kairuki, Haiyan Lin, Wenlong Huang, Hai Qian
Cancer chemotherapy failure is often due to the overexpression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters (particularly ABCB1), resulting in a variety of structurally and pharmacologically unrelated drugs efflux. The multidrug resistance (MDR) phenomenon could be reversed by ABCB1 inhibitors. Now, JL-A7 as the lead compound based on a triazol-N-ethyl-tetrahydroisoquinoline scaffold, 18 compounds were designed and synthesized. Substitution in para positions yielded high activities toward ABCB1. Moreover, compound 5 could effectively block the drug efflux function of ABCB1 and increase the accumulation of anti-cancer drugs to achieve effective treatment concentration in MDR cells...
June 13, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642016/electrospun-vascular-scaffold-for-cellularized-small-diameter-blood-vessels-a-preclinical-large-animal-study
#6
Young Min Ju, Hyunhee Ahn, Juan Arenas-Herrera, Cheil Kim, Mehran Abolbashari, Anthony Atala, James J Yoo, Sang Jin Lee
The strategy of vascular tissue engineering is to create a vascular substitute by combining autologous vascular cells with a tubular-shaped biodegradable scaffold. We have previously developed a novel electrospun bilayered vascular scaffold that provides proper biological and biomechanical properties as well as structural configuration. In this study, we investigated the clinical feasibility of a cellularized vascular scaffold in a preclinical large animal model. We fabricated the cellularized vascular construct with autologous endothelial progenitor cell (EPC)-derived endothelial cells (ECs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) followed by a pulsatile bioreactor preconditioning...
June 19, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641558/bis-2-aminoimidazolines-and-bisguanidines-synthetic-approaches-antiparasitic-activity-and-dna-binding-properties
#7
Christophe Dardonville, J Jonathan Nué Martínez
BACKGROUND: Parasitic diseases caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Trypanosoma and Plasmodium cause some of the deadliest and disabling human infections in tropical and subtropical areas. Diphenyl-based bis(2-phenylimino)imidazolidines and bisguanidines are extremely potent antiparasitic agents against Trypanosoma brucei (etiological agent of African trypanosomiasis) and Plasmodium falciparum (etiological agent of severe malaria). Many of these compounds are also curative in mouse models of stage 1 African trypanosomiasis representing promising leads for the development of antitrypanosomal drugs...
June 22, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640622/catalytic-asymmetric-synthesis-of-butenolides-and-butyrolactones
#8
Bin Mao, Martín Fañanás-Mastral, Ben L Feringa
γ-Butenolides, γ-butyrolactones, and derivatives, especially in enantiomerically pure form, constitute the structural core of numerous natural products which display an impressive range of biological activities which are important for the development of novel physiological and therapeutic agents. Furthermore, optically active γ-butenolides and γ-butyrolactones serve also as a prominent class of chiral building blocks for the synthesis of diverse biological active compounds and complex molecules. Taking into account the varying biological activity profiles and wide-ranging structural diversity of the optically active γ-butenolide or γ-butyrolactone structure, the development of asymmetric synthetic strategies for assembling such challenging scaffolds has attracted major attention from synthetic chemists in the past decade...
June 22, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640580/a-bio-inspired-alginate-gum-arabic-hydrogel-with-micro-nano-scale-structures-for-controlled-drug-release-in-chronic-wound-healing
#9
Mi Li, Haichang Li, Xiangguang Li, Hua Zhu, Zihui Xu, Lianqing Liu, Jianjie Ma, Mingjun Zhang
Bio-polymeric hydrogels have drawn increasingly research interests in biomaterials due to its tunable physical and chemical properties for both creating bioactive cellular micro-environment and serving as sustainable therapeutic reagents. Inspired by a naturally occurring hydrogel secreted from the carnivorous Sundew plant for trapping insects, here we have developed a bio-inspired hydrogel to deliver mitsugumin53 (MG53), an important protein in cell membrane repair, for chronic wound healing. Both chemical compositions and micro/nano morphological properties inherent from the natural Sundew hydrogel were mimicked using sodium alginate and gum arabic with calcium ion-mediated cross-linking...
June 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639641/incorporation-of-click-chemistry-glycomimetics-dramatically-alters-triple-helix-stability-in-an-adiponectin-model-peptide
#10
Katherine R Lutteroth, Paul W R Harris, Tom H Wright, Harveen Kaur, Kevin Sparrow, Sung-Hyun Yang, Garth J S Cooper, Margaret A Brimble
Adiponectin (Adpn) has been shown to be a possible therapeutic for Type II diabetes, however the production of a therapeutic version of Adpn has proved to be challenging. Biological studies have highlighted the importance of the glycosylated lysine residues for the formation of bioactive high molecular weight oligomers of Adpn. Through the use of 'click' glycopeptide mimetics, we investigated the role of glycosylated lysine and serine residues for the formation of triple helical structures of the collagenous domain of Adpn, in the context of a collagen model peptide scaffold...
June 22, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638591/replicable-in-vivo-physiological-and-behavioral-phenotypes-of-the-shank3b-null-mutant-mouse-model-of-autism
#11
Sameer C Dhamne, Jill L Silverman, Chloe E Super, Stephen H T Lammers, Mustafa Q Hameed, Meera E Modi, Nycole A Copping, Michael C Pride, Daniel G Smith, Alexander Rotenberg, Jacqueline N Crawley, Mustafa Sahin
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a clinically and biologically heterogeneous condition characterized by social, repetitive, and sensory behavioral abnormalities. No treatments are approved for the core diagnostic symptoms of ASD. To enable the earliest stages of therapeutic discovery and development for ASD, robust and reproducible behavioral phenotypes and biological markers are essential to establish in preclinical animal models. The goal of this study was to identify electroencephalographic (EEG) and behavioral phenotypes that are replicable between independent cohorts in a mouse model of ASD...
2017: Molecular Autism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637419/pharmacological-inhibitors-of-nad-biosynthesis-as-potential-anticancer-agents
#12
Stephanie Lucas, Claire Soave, Gazal Nabil, Zainab Ahmed, Guohua Chen, Hossny El-Banna, Q Ping Dou, Jian Wang
BACKGROUND: Alteration of cellular metabolism is a hallmark of cancer, which underlies exciting opportunities to develop effective, anti-cancer therapeutics by targeting through inhibition of cancer metabolism. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+), an essential coenzyme of energy metabolism and a signaling molecule linking cellular energy status to a spectrum of molecular regulation, has been shown to be in high demand in a variety of cancer cells. Depletion of NAD+ by inhibition of its key biosynthetic enzymes has become an attractive strategy to target cancer...
June 19, 2017: Recent Patents on Anti-cancer Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636874/next-generation-matrix-metalloproteinase-inhibitors-novel-strategies-bring-new-prospects
#13
REVIEW
Maxim Levin, Yael Udi, Inna Solomonov, Irit Sagi
Enzymatic proteolysis of cell surface proteins and extracellular matrix (ECM) is critical for tissue homeostasis and cell signaling. These proteolytic activities are mediated predominantly by a family of proteases termed matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The growing evidence in recent years that ECM and non-ECM bioactive molecules (e.g., growth factors, cytokines, chemokines, on top of matrikines and matricryptins) have versatile functions redefines our view on the roles matrix remodeling enzymes play in many physiological and pathological processes, and underscores the notion that ECM proteolytic reaction mechanisms represent master switches in the regulation of critical biological processes and govern cell behavior...
June 18, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636311/insights-into-integrated-lead-generation-and-target-identification-in-malaria-and-tuberculosis-drug-discovery
#14
John Okombo, Kelly Chibale
New, safe and effective drugs are urgently needed to treat and control malaria and tuberculosis, which affect millions of people annually. However, financial return on investment in the poor settings where these diseases are mostly prevalent is very minimal to support market-driven drug discovery and development. Moreover, the imminent loss of therapeutic lifespan of existing therapies due to evolution and spread of drug resistance further compounds the urgency to identify novel effective drugs. However, the advent of new public-private partnerships focused on tropical diseases and the recent release of large data sets by pharmaceutical companies on antimalarial and antituberculosis compounds derived from phenotypic whole cell high throughput screening have spurred renewed interest and opened new frontiers in malaria and tuberculosis drug discovery...
June 21, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636189/discovery-of-alkyl-bis-oxy-dibenzimidamide-derivatives-as-novel-protein-arginine-methyltransferase-1-prmt1-inhibitors
#15
Wei-Yao Zhang, Wen-Chao Lu, Hao Jiang, Zheng-Bing Lv, Yi-Qian Xie, Fu-Lin Lian, Zhong-Jie Liang, Yu-Xi Jiang, Da-Jin Wang, Cheng Luo, Jia Jin, Fei Ye
Protein arginine methylation, a post-translational modification critical for a variety of biological processes, is catalyzed by protein arginine N-methyltransferases (PRMTs). In particular, PRMT1 is responsible for over 85% of the arginine methylation in mammalian cells. Dysregulation of PRMT1 is involved in diverse pathological diseases including cancers. However, most current PRMT1inhibitors are lack of specificity, efficacy, and bioavailability. Herein, a series of alkyl bis(oxy)dibenzimidamide derivatives were identified as selective PRMT1 inhibitors...
June 21, 2017: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635653/virtual-screening-against-phosphoglycerate-kinase-1-in-quest-of-novel-apoptosis-inhibitors
#16
Jie Xia, Bo Feng, Qianhang Shao, Yuhe Yuan, Xiang Simon Wang, Naihong Chen, Song Wu
Inhibition of apoptosis is a potential therapy to treat human diseases such as neurodegenerative disorders (e.g., Parkinson's disease), stroke, and sepsis. Due to the lack of druggable targets, it remains a major challenge to discover apoptosis inhibitors. The recent repositioning of a marketed drug (i.e., terazosin) as an anti-apoptotic agent uncovered a novel target (i.e., human phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (hPgk1)). In this study, we developed a virtual screening (VS) pipeline based on the X-ray structure of Pgk1/terazosin complex and applied it to a screening campaign for potential anti-apoptotic agents...
June 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635314/fluorescent-labeled-bioconjugates-of-the-opioid-peptides-biphalin-and-dpdpe-incorporating-fluorescein-maleimide-linkers
#17
Azzurra Stefanucci, Wei Lei, Victor J Hruby, Giorgia Macedonio, Grazia Luisi, Simone Carradori, John M Streicher, Adriano Mollica
AIM: The conjugation of fluorescent labels to opioid peptides is an extremely challenging task, which needs to be overcome to create new classes of probes for biological assays. MATERIALS & METHODS: Three opioid peptide analogs of biphalin and [D-Pen2,5]-Enkephalin (DPDPE) containing a fluorescein-maleimide motif were synthesized. RESULTS & DISCUSSION: The biphalin analog 17 binds to opioid receptors with Ki(μ) = 530 ± 90 nM and Ki(δ) = 69...
June 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634932/preparation-of-decellularized-biological-scaffolds-for-3d-cell-culture
#18
Bryan N Brown, Michael J Buckenmeyer, Travis A Prest
The biggest challenge of designing and implementing an in vitro study is developing a microenvironment that most closely represents the interactions observed in vivo. Decellularization of tissues and organs has been shown to be an effective method for the removal of potentially immunogenic constituents while preserving essential growth factors and extracellular matrix (ECM ) proteins necessary for proper cell function. Enzymatic digestion of decellularized tissues allows these tissue-specific components to be reconstituted into bioactive hydrogels through a physical crosslinking of collagen...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634681/microtubule-affinity-regulating-kinases-are-potential-druggable-targets-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#19
REVIEW
Narendran Annadurai, Khushboo Agrawal, Petr Džubák, Marián Hajdúch, Viswanath Das
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that affects normal functions of the brain. Currently, AD is one of the leading causes of death in developed countries and the only one of the top ten diseases without a means to prevent, cure, or significantly slow down its progression. Therefore, newer therapeutic concepts are urgently needed to improve survival and the quality of life of AD patients. Microtubule affinity-regulating kinases (MARKs) regulate tau-microtubule binding and play a crucial role in neurons...
June 20, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634532/cellularizing-hydrogel-based-scaffolds-to-repair-bone-tissue-how-to-create-a-physiologically-relevant-micro-environment
#20
Mathieu Maisani, Daniele Pezzoli, Olivier Chassande, Diego Mantovani
Tissue engineering is a promising alternative to autografts or allografts for the regeneration of large bone defects. Cell-free biomaterials with different degrees of sophistication can be used for several therapeutic indications, to stimulate bone repair by the host tissue. However, when osteoprogenitors are not available in the damaged tissue, exogenous cells with an osteoblast differentiation potential must be provided. These cells should have the capacity to colonize the defect and to participate in the building of new bone tissue...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
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