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Biologic Scaffold

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805368/pyrophosphate-recognition-and-sensing-in-water-using-bis-zinc-ii-dipicolylamino-functionalized-peptides
#1
Katrina A Jolliffe
Phosphate oxoanions and phosphorylated biomolecules (such as nucleotides, lipids, and proteins) play key roles in a wide range of biological processes. The ability to selectively detect these ions in the presence of each other has numerous applications in biochemistry and biomedicine. However, receptors and sensors that can discriminate between polyphosphate species with high selectivity and in biologically relevant conditions are rare. In this Account, we show how peptides (both cyclic and linear) can be used to position two zinc(II)dipicolylamine [Zn(II)DPA] binding sites in an appropriate arrangement to provide selective binding of pyrophosphate (PPi) in the presence of other polyphosphate species, including ATP, and in complex media such as cell growth buffer...
August 14, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804684/bioresorbable-scaffold-as-a-dermal-substitute
#2
Lenon Cardoso, Marília Colturato Cleto, Maria Lourdes Peris Barbo, Andréa Rodrigues Esposito, Flavio Stillitano Orgaes, Eliana Aparecida de Rezende Duek
INTRODUCTION: Bioresorbable polymers are often used in medical procedures. Since they are biocompatible, this class of materials is a viable alternative for cases in which tissue regeneration is strongly compromised. Bioresorbable synthetic polymers may be used as membranes to support and guide cell growth through the process of tissue repair. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficiency of a porous bioresorbable membrane Poly (L-co-DL lactic acid)-co-trimethylene carbonate, PL-co-DLA-co-TMC, as a dermal substitute associated with partial skin graft in rats...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802844/structural-basis-for-cullins-and-ring-component-inhibition-targeting-e3-ubiquitin-pathway-conductors-for-cancer-therapeutics
#3
Shagufta Shafique, Waqar Ali, Sonia Kanwal, Sajid Rashid
Cullin (CUL)-RING E3 ubiquitin ligases (CRLs) are attractive therapeutic targets as they regulate diverse biological processes important for cancer cell survival by conferring substrate selectivity for ubiquitination and degradation. Given the complexity of CRL complexes, steps toward the structure-based design of small-molecule inhibitors to modulate their activity have remained elusive. In this study, we explored the structural assembly and interaction details of closely related CUL scaffolds (CUL1, CUL2, CUL3, CUL4A, CUL4B, CUL5 and CUL7) with RBX1 to screen potent small molecules against CRLs...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802233/1h-tetrazol-5-amine-and-1-3-thiazolidin-4-one-derivatives-containing-3-trifluoromethyl-phenyl-scaffold-synthesis-cytotoxic-and-anti-hiv-studies
#4
Anna Bielenica, Daniel Szulczyk, Wioletta Olejarz, Silvia Madeddu, Gabriele Giliberti, Ilona B Materek, Anna E Koziol, Marta Struga
On the basis of recently reported biologically active 3-(trifluoromethyl)phenylthioureas, a series of diaryl derivatives incorporating 1H-tetrazol-5-yl (1a-11a, 1a'-11a') and 1,3-thiazolidin-4-one (1b-11b) scaffolds were synthesized. The synthesis pathway was confirmed by an X-ray crystallographic studies of 3a', 6a, 8a, 6b and 8b. The cytotoxicity against MT-4 cells and anti-HIV properties of new derivatives were evaluated. As compared to initial thiourea connections, the cyclisation reduced the cytotoxicity of compounds by 2-15 times...
August 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802172/interaction-of-phenazinium-based-photosensitizers-with-the-n-and-b-isoforms-of-human-serum-albumin-effect-of-methyl-substitution
#5
Swagata Sen, Riya Sett, Bijan K Paul, Nikhil Guchhait
The present work is focused on exploring the interaction of two phenazinium-based biological photosensitizers, phenosafranin (PSF) and safranin-O (SO), with human serum albumin (HSA), with particular emphasis on the physiologically significant NB conformational transition of the protein on the dye:HSA interaction. In addition, the presence of methyl substitution on the planar phenazinium ring in SO paves way for looking into the effect of simple chemical manipulation (that is, methyl substitution on the dye nucleus) on the dye:protein interaction behavior as a function of various (pH-induced) isoforms of HSA...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802124/design-synthesis-and-bioevaluation-of-antitubulin-agents-carrying-diaryl-5-5-fused-heterocycle-scaffold
#6
Qile Xu, Maolin Sun, Zhaoshi Bai, Yueting Wang, Yue Wu, Haiqiu Tian, Daiying Zuo, Qi Guan, Kai Bao, Yingliang Wu, Weige Zhang
A series of 3,6-diaryl-1H-pyrazolo[5,1-c][1,2,4]triazoles (I) and 3,6-diaryl-[1,2,4]triazolo[3,4-b][1,3,4]thiadiazoles (II) as antitubulin agents were designed, synthesized and bioevaluated. Compounds (II) 4a, 4d, 4f, 4j, 4l and 4n showed potent antiproliferative activity at sub-micromolar or nanomolar concentrations against SGC-7901, A549 and HT-1080 cell lines, indicating that the bioisosteric replacement of the carbonyl group and B-ring of SMART and ABI with a 5,5-fused-heterocycle scaffold successfully maintained potent antiproliferative activity...
June 1, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802101/flexible-biodegradable-citrate-based-polymeric-step-index-optical-fiber
#7
Dingying Shan, Chenji Zhang, Surge Kalaba, Nikhil Mehta, Gloria B Kim, Zhiwen Liu, Jian Yang
Implanting fiber optical waveguides into tissue or organs for light delivery and collection is among the most effective ways to overcome the issue of tissue turbidity, a long-standing obstacle for biomedical optical technologies. Here, we report a citrate-based material platform with engineerable opto-mechano-biological properties and demonstrate a new type of biodegradable, biocompatible, and low-loss step-index optical fiber for organ-scale light delivery and collection. By leveraging the rich designability and processibility of citrate-based biodegradable polymers, two exemplary biodegradable elastomers with a fine refractive index difference and yet matched mechanical properties and biodegradation profiles were developed...
August 4, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800071/fabrication-and-characterization-of-magnesium-ferrite-based-pcl-aloe-vera-nanofibers
#8
Zanshe Thompson, Shekh Rahman, Sergey Yarmolenko, Jagannathan Sankar, Dhananjay Kumar, Narayan Bhattarai
Composite nanofibers of biopolymers and inorganic materials have been widely explored as tissue engineering scaffolds because of their superior structural, mechanical and biological properties. In this study, magnesium ferrite (Mg-ferrite) based composite nanofibers were synthesized using an electrospinning technique. Mg-ferrite nanoparticles were first synthesized using the reverse micelle method, and then blended in a mixture of polycaprolactone (PCL), a synthetic polymer, and Aloe vera, a natural polymer, to create magnetic nanofibers by electrospinning...
August 11, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798872/fiber-reinforced-scaffolds-in-soft-tissue-engineering
#9
REVIEW
Baoqing Pei, Wei Wang, Yubo Fan, Xiumei Wang, Fumio Watari, Xiaoming Li
Soft tissue engineering has been developed as a new strategy for repairing damaged or diseased soft tissues and organs to overcome the limitations of current therapies. Since most of soft tissues in the human body are usually supported by collagen fibers to form a three-dimensional microstructure, fiber-reinforced scaffolds have the advantage to mimic the structure, mechanical and biological environment of natural soft tissues, which benefits for their regeneration and remodeling. This article reviews and discusses the latest research advances on design and manufacture of novel fiber-reinforced scaffolds for soft tissue repair and how fiber addition affects their structural characteristics, mechanical strength and biological activities in vitro and in vivo...
August 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798383/novel-giardicidal-compounds-bearing-proton-pump-inhibitor-scaffold-proceeding-through-triosephosphate-isomerase-inactivation
#10
B Hernández-Ochoa, G Navarrete-Vázquez, C Nava-Zuazo, A Castillo-Villanueva, S T Méndez, A Torres-Arroyo, S Gómez-Manzo, J Marcial-Quino, M Ponce-Macotela, Y Rufino-González, M Martínez-Gordillo, G Palencia-Hernández, N Esturau-Escofet, E Calderon-Jaimes, J Oria-Hernández, H Reyes-Vivas
Giardiasis is a worldwide parasitic disease that affects mainly children and immunosuppressed people. Side effects and the emergence of resistance over current used drugs make imperative looking for new antiparasitics through discovering of new biological targets and designing of novel drugs. Recently, it has determined that gastric proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) have anti-giardiasic activity. The glycolytic enzyme, triosephosphate isomerase (GlTIM), is one of its potential targets. Therefore, we employed the scaffold of PPI to design new compounds aimed to increase their antigiardial capacity by inactivating GlTIM...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798311/genomic-regions-and-genes-related-to-inter-population-differences-in-body-size-in-the-ground-beetle-carabus-japonicus
#11
Ryohei Komurai, Tomochika Fujisawa, Yutaka Okuzaki, Teiji Sota
Body size is a key trait in diversification among animal species, and revealing the gene regions responsible for body size diversification among populations or related species is important in evolutionary biology. We explored the genomic regions associated with body size differences in Carabus japonicus ground beetle populations by quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping of F2 hybrids from differently sized parents from two populations using restriction site-associated DNA sequencing and de novo assembly of the beetle whole genome...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797774/design-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-novel-antitumor-spirotetrahydrothiopyran-oxindole-derivatives-as-potent-p53-mdm2-inhibitors
#12
Changjin Ji, Shengzheng Wang, Shuqiang Chen, Shipeng He, Yan Jiang, Zhenyuan Miao, Jian Li, Chunquan Sheng
p53-MDM2 protein-protein interaction is a promising target for novel antitumor drug development. Previously, we identified a new class of spirotetrahydrothiopyran-oxindole p53-MDM2 inhibitors by novel organocatalytic enantioselective cascade reactions. Herein, a series of new derivatives were designed, synthesized and assayed to investigate the structure-activity relationships. Among them, compound B14 bearing a novel spiroindole-thiopyranopyridone scaffold exhibited potent MDM2 inhibitory activity as well as antitumor activity, which could effectively induce the apoptosis of A549 cancer cells...
July 28, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796380/thermosensitive-cation-selective-mesochannels-pnipam-capped-mesoporous-thin-films-as-bioinspired-interfacial-architectures-with-concerted-functions
#13
Sonja Schmidt, Sebastián Alberti, Philipp Vana, Galo Soler-Illia, Omar Azzaroni
Rational design and elaborate modular construction of interfacial architectures in which molecular transport is mediated by responsive/adaptive nanostructures has become a growing and fertile field of research in supramolecular materials chemistry. Herein, we present for the first time the use of PNIPAM-capped mesoporous silica thin films as thermosensitive cation-selective mesochannels. Thus far, this feature has only been observed in thermosensitive biological channels. The interfacial architecture created here accomplishes its specific functions through the concerted or simultaneous action of spatially-addressed subunits with temperature response and ion exclusion capabilities...
August 10, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796164/enzymatic-synthesis-of-n-acetyllactosamine-lacnac-type-1-oligomers-and-characterization-as-multivalent-galectin-ligands
#14
Thomas Fischöder, Dominic Laaf, Carina Dey, Lothar Elling
Repeats of the disaccharide unit N-acetyllactosamine (LacNAc) occur as type 1 (Galβ1, 3GlcNAc) and type 2 (Galβ1, 4GlcNAc) glycosylation motifs on glycoproteins and glycolipids. The LacNAc motif acts as binding ligand for lectins and is involved in many biological recognition events. To the best of our knowledge, we present, for the first time, the synthesis of LacNAc type 1 oligomers using recombinant β1,3-galactosyltransferase from Escherichia coli and β1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltranferase from Helicobacter pylori...
August 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795372/development-of-a-pharmacophore-for-cruzain-using-oxadiazoles-as-virtual-molecular-probes-quantitative-structure-activity-relationship-studies
#15
Anacleto S de Souza, Marcelo T de Oliveira, Adriano D Andricopulo
Chagas's is a neglected tropical disease caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi. According to the World Health Organization, 7 million people are infected worldwide leading to 7000 deaths per year. Drugs available, nifurtimox and benzimidazole, are limited due to low efficacy and high toxicity. As a validated target, cruzain represents a major front in drug discovery attempts for Chagas disease. Herein, we describe the development of 2D QSAR ([Formula: see text] = 0.81) and a 3D-QSAR-based pharmacophore ([Formula: see text] = 0...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Computer-aided Molecular Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794415/living-genochemetics-by-hyphenating-synthetic-biology-and-synthetic-chemistry-in-vivo
#16
Sunil V Sharma, Xiaoxue Tong, Cristina Pubill-Ulldemolins, Christopher Cartmell, Emma J A Bogosyan, Emma J Rackham, Enrico Marelli, Refaat B Hamed, Rebecca J M Goss
Marrying synthetic biology with synthetic chemistry provides a powerful approach toward natural product diversification, combining the best of both worlds: expediency and synthetic capability of biogenic pathways and chemical diversity enabled by organic synthesis. Biosynthetic pathway engineering can be employed to insert a chemically orthogonal tag into a complex natural scaffold affording the possibility of site-selective modification without employing protecting group strategies. Here we show that, by installing a sufficiently reactive handle (e...
August 9, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793214/influence-of-protein-scaffold-on-side-chain-transfer-free-energies
#17
Dagen C Marx, Karen G Fleming
The process by which membrane proteins fold involves the burial of side chains into lipid bilayers. Both structure and function of membrane proteins depend on the magnitudes of side-chain transfer free energies (ΔΔGsc(o)). In the absence of other interactions, ΔΔGsc(o) is an independent property describing the energetics of an isolated side chain in the bilayer. However, in reality, side chains are attached to the peptide backbone and surrounded by other side chains in the protein scaffold in biology, which may alter the apparent ΔΔGsc(o)...
August 8, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783472/is-there-a-role-for-internal-bracing-and-repair-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
Carola F van Eck, Orr Limpisvasti, Neal S ElAttrache
BACKGROUND: Renewed interest has arisen in arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair techniques. HYPOTHESIS: ACL repair with or without some form of internal bracing could lead to good outcomes in a carefully selected subset of patients. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: An electronic database search was performed to identify 89 papers describing preclinical and clinical studies on the outcome of ACL repair...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783184/geobacter-sulfurreducens-pili-support-ohmic-electronic-conduction-in-aqueous-solution
#19
Nicole L Ing, Tyler D Nusca, Allon I Hochbaum
The bacterium Geobacter sulfurreducens is a model biological catalyst in microbial electrochemical devices. G. sulfurreducens forms electrically conductive, electrode-associated biofilms, but the biological structures mediating electrical conduction from cells to the electrodes are a matter of debate. Bacteria in these communities produce a network of fiber-like Type IV pili, which have been proposed to act either as inherent, protein-based electronic conductors, or as electronically inert scaffolds for cytochromes mediating long-range charge transport...
August 7, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782831/customized-degradable-functionally-graded-scaffold-for-potential-treatment-of-early-stage-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#20
Toshiyuki Kawai, Yaser Shanjani, Saba Fazeli, Anthony W Behn, Yaichiro Okuzu, Stuart B Goodman, Yunzhi P Yang
Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a debilitating disease that results in progressive collapse of the femoral head and subsequent degenerative arthritis. Few treatments provide both sufficient mechanical support and biological cues for regeneration of bone and vascularity when the femoral head is still round and therefore salvageable. We designed and 3D printed a functionally-graded scaffold (FGS) made of polycaprolactone (PCL) and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) with spatially controlled porosity, degradation and mechanical strength properties to reconstruct necrotic bone tissue in the femoral head...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
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