keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rehabilitation of stroke

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453980/virtual-reality-for-upper-limb-rehabilitation-in-sub-acute-and-chronic-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Pawel Kiper, Andrzej Szczudlik, Michela Agostini, Jozef Opara, Roman Nowobilski, Laura Ventura, Paolo Tonin, Andrea Turolla
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of reinforced feedback in virtual environment (RFVE) treatment combined with conventional rehabilitation (CR) in comparison with CR alone, and to study whether changes are related to stroke aetiology (i.e. ischemic or hemorrhagic). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Inpatients in a hospital facility for intensive rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS: 136 patients within one year from onset of a single stroke...
February 14, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453669/physical-training-and-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-heart-failure-patients
#2
Cesare de Gregorio
Regardless of advances in medical and interventional treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD), a limited number of patients attend a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programme on a regular basis. Due to modern therapies more individuals will be surviving an acute cardiovascular event, but the expected burden of chronic heart failure will be increasing worldwide.However, both in high- and low-income countries, secondary prevention after an acute myocardial infarction or stroke has been implemented in less than a half of eligible patients...
February 17, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453171/finger-strength-individuation-and-their-interaction-relationship-to-hand-function-and-corticospinal-tract-injury-after-stroke
#3
Eric T Wolbrecht, Justin B Rowe, Vicky Chan, Morgan L Ingemanson, Steven C Cramer, David J Reinkensmeyer
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to determine the relative contributions of finger weakness and reduced finger individuation to reduced hand function after stroke, and their association with corticospinal tract (CST) injury. METHODS: We measured individuated and synergistic maximum voluntary contractions (MVCs) of the index and middle fingers, in both flexion and extension, of 26 individuals with a chronic stroke using a robotic exoskeleton. We quantified finger strength and individuation, and defined a novel metric that combines them - "multifinger capacity"...
February 3, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449290/community-based-rehabilitation-training-after-stroke-results-of-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-retrain-investigating-acceptability-and-feasibility
#4
Sarah G Dean, Leon Poltawski, Anne Forster, Rod S Taylor, Anne Spencer, Martin James, Rhoda Allison, Shirley Stevens, Meriel Norris, Anthony I Shepherd, Paolo Landa, Richard M Pulsford, Laura Hollands, Raff Calitri
OBJECTIVES: To assess acceptability and feasibility of trial processes and the Rehabilitation Training (ReTrain) intervention including an assessment of intervention fidelity. DESIGN: A two-group, assessor-blinded, randomised controlled trial with parallel mixed methods process and economic evaluations. SETTING: Community settings across two sites in Devon. PARTICIPANTS: Eligible participants were: 18 years old or over, with a diagnosis of stroke and with self-reported mobility issues, no contraindications to physical activity, discharged from National Health Service or any other formal rehabilitation programme at least 1 month before, willing to be randomised to either control or ReTrain and attend the training venue, possessing cognitive capacity and communication ability sufficient to participate...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448162/cognitive-motor-dual-task-interference-modulates-mediolateral-dynamic-stability-during-gait-in-post-stroke-individuals
#5
R Tisserand, S Armand, G Allali, A Schnider, S Baillieul
Gait asymmetry and dynamic balance impairments observed in post-stroke individuals increase their risk of fall. Moreover, walking while performing a cognitive task (i.e. dual-task) disturbs the control of balance in post-stroke individuals. Here we investigated the mediolateral dynamic stability in twenty-two community-dwelling participants (12 post-strokes and 10 healthy controls) while walking in single-task (normal gait) and four different dual-tasks (cognitive-motor interference). Positions of the extrapolated center of mass and mediolateral widths of both margin of stability and base of support were extracted from 35 marker trajectories...
February 12, 2018: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447080/improved-lower-extremity-pedaling-mechanics-in-individuals-with-stroke-under-maximal-workloads
#6
Susan M Linder, Anson B Rosenfeldt, Andrew S Bazyk, Mandy Miller Koop, Sarah Ozinga, Jay L Alberts
Background Individuals with stroke present with motor control deficits resulting in the abnormal activation and timing of agonist and antagonist muscles and inefficient movement patterns. The analysis of pedaling biomechanics provides a window into understanding motor control deficits, which vary as a function of workload. Understanding the relationship between workload and motor control is critical when considering exercise prescription during stroke rehabilitation. Objectives To characterize pedaling kinematics and motor control processes under conditions in which workload was systematically increased to an eventual patient-specific maximum...
February 15, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446695/weight-shift-ability-significantly-correlates-with-walking-velocity-in-post-acute-stroke-patients
#7
Arinori Kamono, Naomichi Ogihara
The ability to shift weight toward the paretic leg has been considered an essential ability to restore independent walking for post-acute stroke patients. However, few data are available regarding the relationship between the weight-shift ability and gait performance. No clear mechanism has been provided as to why and how the weight-shift ability improves walking performance in stroke patients. We therefore investigated changes in the weight-shift ability and kinematic and kinetic parameters of walking gait in post-stroke patients during rehabilitation...
February 1, 2018: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444624/examining-guided-and-directed-cues-in-strategy-training-and-usual-rehabilitation
#8
Stephanie Rouch, Elizabeth R Skidmore
Therapist approach and feedback during rehabilitation may influence patient outcomes. It is unclear how much guided cueing, the approach used in strategy training, is present in usual rehabilitation care. We compared the frequency of guided and directed cueing in strategy training sessions with cueing in usual care occupational and physical therapy. We videotaped strategy training, occupational therapy, and physical therapy sessions among 20 patients admitted to inpatient rehabilitation after stroke. Using a standardized coding scheme, we coded and analyzed frequencies of therapists' cues (guided or directed)...
February 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442072/cortical-excitability-correlates-with-the-event-related-desynchronization-during-brain-computer-interface-control
#9
Ian Daly, Caroline Blanchard, Nicholas P Holmes
OBJECTIVE: Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) based on motor control have been suggested as tools for stroke rehabilitation. Some initial successes have been achieved with this approach, however the mechanism by which they work is not yet fully understood. One possible part of this mechanism is a, previously suggested, relationship between the strength of the event-related desynchronization (ERD), a neural correlate of motor imagination and execution, and corticospinal excitability. Additionally, a key component of BCIs used in neurorehabilitation is the provision of visual feedback to positively reinforce attempts at motor control...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440902/chinese-calligraphy-handwriting-cch-a-case-of-rehabilitative-awakening-of-a-coma-patient-after-stroke
#10
Henry Sr Kao, Stewart Pw Lam, Tin Tin Kao
Introduction: This study investigated the efficacy of Chinese calligraphy handwriting (CCH) for the awakening of patients under a vegetative state after stroke. The theories, the instrument, and the treatment protocols were reported. A single case of a severe stroke patient who was in a coma state for 2 years is presented in this study. The objectives were to apply finger writing as a new method to awaken a stroke patient in a coma state and to test the effect of this method in improving the patient's vegetative states over time...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439359/effects-of-combining-high-and-low-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-upper-limb-hemiparesis-in-the-early-phase-of-stroke
#11
Hua Long, Hongbin Wang, Chenguang Zhao, Qiang Duan, Feng Feng, Nan Hui, Li Mao, Huiling Liu, Xiang Mou, Hua Yuan
BACKGROUND: Both high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (HF-rTMS) and low-frequency rTMS (LF-rTMS) are reported to benefit upper limb motor function rehabilitation in patients with stroke. However, the efficacy of combining LF- and HF-rTMS (LF-HF rTMS) has not been adequately explored, especially in the early phase of stroke. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of LF- and LF-HF rTMS on the upper limb motor function in the early phase post stroke...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439358/improvement-in-activities-of-daily-living-after-visual-training-in-patients-with-homonymous-visual-field-defects-using-goal-attainment-scaling
#12
Joris A Elshout, Douwe P Bergsma, Jacqueline Sibbel, Annette Baars-Elsinga, Paula Lubbers, Freekje Van Asten, Johanna Visser-Meily, Albert V Van Den Berg
BACKGROUND: Stroke is the most common cause of homonymous visual field defects (HVFDs). Yet, there is no standard protocol for composing a rehabilitation program. OBJECTIVE: In this study we assess ADL gain of visual training for vision restoration in HVFD patients by means of Goal Attainment Scaling. METHODS: Thirty-five patients trained two predefined regions of the visual field successively at home. In each region we compared the effects of both training rounds, one of which was thus 'directed' and the other 'undirected'...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437728/large-vessel-stroke-as-initial-presentation-of-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#13
Ryan Sugarman, Andrea M Tufano, Johnson M Liu
A 67-year-old right-handed woman presented with dysarthria, left upper extremity weakness and right-sided neglect of 3 hours duration. Imaging of the brain revealed acute right middle cerebral artery stroke; however, tissue plasminogen activator could not be administered due to severe thrombocytopenia. A peripheral smear revealed schistocytes and the patient was treated empirically for thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) with therapeutic plasma exchange. An extensive workup revealed no embolic source or other cause for stroke, and a diagnosis of large vessel infarct secondary to TTP was made...
February 5, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436126/aerobic-exercise-prior-to-task-specific-training-to-improve-poststroke-motor-function-a-case-series
#14
S R Valkenborghs, M M Visser, M Nilsson, R Callister, P van Vliet
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise can improve upper limb motor function in both healthy and stroke populations. Research in animals after stroke has shown that aerobic exercise combined with forelimb motor training improved forelimb motor function more than aerobic exercise or motor training alone. There is a lack of knowledge about this combined intervention in humans after stroke. PURPOSE: These 2 case reports describe the exploratory implementation of a combined aerobic exercise and task-specific training intervention to improve upper limb motor function in one person in subacute stroke recovery and one person in chronic stroke recovery...
February 13, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434804/a-clinical-study-on-acupuncture-in-combination-with-routine-rehabilitation-therapy-for-early-pain-recovery-of-post-stroke-shoulder-hand-syndrome
#15
Jinling Zheng, Qinglian Wu, Lu Wang, Ting Guo
The clinical effect of acupuncture in combination with rehabilitation therapy for post-stroke shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS) was explored. Patients (178) with post-stroke SHS who received treatment in the Dalian Second Hospital from March 2012 to March 2016 were included in this study. The patients were divided into experimental group (89 cases) and control group (89 cases). Patients in the control group received rehabilitation therapy, while those in the treatment group received acupuncture treatment in addition to rehabilitation therapy...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433376/pomegranate-supplementation-improves-cognitive-and-functional-recovery-following-ischemic-stroke-a-randomized-trial
#16
John A Bellone, Jeffrey R Murray, Paolo Jorge, Travis G Fogel, Mary Kim, Desiree R Wallace, Richard E Hartman
OBJECTIVES: We tested whether supplementing with pomegranate polyphenols can enhance cognitive/functional recovery after stroke. METHODS: In this parallel, block-randomized clinical trial, we administered commercially-available pomegranate polyphenol or placebo pills twice per day for one week to adult inpatients in a comprehensive rehabilitation setting starting approximately 2 weeks after stroke. Pills contained 1 g of polyphenols derived from whole pomegranate, equivalent to levels in approximately 8 oz of juice...
February 13, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431126/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-depression-after-basal-ganglia-ischaemic-stroke-protocol-for-a-multicentre-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Ying Tang, Aimin Chen, Shuzhen Zhu, Li Yang, Jiyuan Zhou, Suyue Pan, Min Shao, Lianxu Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Studies suggest that repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is effective for the treatment of depression and promotes the repair of white matter. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of rTMS in treating depression after basal ganglia ischaemic stroke and to examine whether such effects are related to restoration of white matter integrity. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Sixty-six participants will be recruited from Zhujiang Hospital, Nanfang Hospital and Sichuan Bayi Rehabilitation Hospital and randomised in a 1:1 ratio to receive active rTMS treatment or sham rTMS treatment in addition to routine supportive treatments...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429905/health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-poststroke-epilepsy
#18
Yaroslav Winter, Naeimeh Daneshkhah, Nikolaus Galland, Isabel Kotulla, Anna Krüger, Sergiu Groppa
BACKGROUND: Lesional epilepsy is an important long-term sequela of stroke. Data on health-related quality of life (HrQoL) in patients with poststroke epilepsy are limited. We investigated HrQoL in patients with epilepsy after ischemic stroke and identified independent HrQoL-determinants. METHODS AND PATIENTS: All patients with acute ischemic stroke, who were permanent residents in the district Marburg-Biedenkopf (Hessia, Germany, reference population 240,000 inhabitants) were recruited within 12months in the population-based Marburg Stroke Register (MARSTREG)...
February 8, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428343/aerobic-stimulus-induced-by-virtual-reality-games-in-stroke-survivors
#19
Julio Cesar Silva de Sousa, Camila Torriani-Pasin, Amanda Barboza Tosi, Rafael Yokoyama Fecchio, Luiz Augusto Riani da Costa, Cláudia Lúcia de Moraes Forjaz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether virtual reality games (VRG) in stroke survivors produce significant and reproducible heart rate (HR) and oxygen consumption (VO2) responses during their execution, corresponding to an intensity between the anaerobic threshold (AT) and the respiratory compensation point (RCP). DESIGN: Single subjects repeated measure design SETTING: Stroke survivors registered from a rehabilitation program PARTICIPANTS: Twelve chronic hemiparetic stroke survivors (10 men, 58 ± 12 years) rated at 3 or 4 in the Functional Ambulation Categories (FAC)...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427575/rhythm-perception-and-production-abilities-and-their-relationship-to-gait-after-stroke
#20
Kara K Patterson, Jennifer S Wong, Svetlana Knorr, Jessica A Grahn
OBJECTIVES: To assess rhythm abilities, describe their relationship to clinical presentation, and to determine if rhythm production independently contributes to temporal gait asymmetry post-stroke. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Large urban rehabilitation hospital and university. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with subacute and chronic stroke (n=39) and data for healthy adults extracted from a pre-existing database (n=21)...
February 7, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
76653
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"