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Monika Grygorowicz, Martyna Michałowska, Tomasz Walczak, Adam Owen, Jakub Krzysztof Grabski, Andrzej Pyda, Tomasz Piontek, Tomasz Kotwicki
OBJECTIVE: To measure the sensitivity and specificity of differences cut-off values for isokinetic Hcon/Qcon ratio in order to improve the capacity to evaluate (retrospectively) the injury of hamstring muscles in professional soccer screened with knee isokinetic tests. DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Medical and biomechanical data of professional football players playing for the same team for at least one season between 2010 and 2016 were analysed...
2017: PloS One
Anett Mau-Moeller, Martin Gube, Sabine Felser, Frank Feldhege, Matthias Weippert, Florian Husmann, Thomas Tischer, Rainer Bader, Sven Bruhn, Martin Behrens
OBJECTIVE: To determine intrasession and intersession reliability of strength measurements and hamstrings to quadriceps strength imbalance ratios (H/Q ratios) using the new isoforce dynamometer. DESIGN: Repeated measures. SETTING: Exercise science laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty healthy subjects (15 females, 15 males, 27.8 years). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Coefficient of variation (CV) and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were calculated for (1) strength parameters, that is peak torque, mean work, and mean power for concentric and eccentric maximal voluntary contractions; isometric maximal voluntary torque (IMVT); rate of torque development (RTD), and (2) H/Q ratios, that is conventional concentric, eccentric, and isometric H/Q ratios (Hcon/Qcon at 60 deg/s, 120 deg/s, and 180 deg/s, Hecc/Qecc at -60 deg/s and Hiso/Qiso) and functional eccentric antagonist to concentric agonist H/Q ratios (Hecc/Qcon and Hcon/Qecc)...
August 17, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Johannes N Müller, Matthias Kreuzer, Paul S García, Gerhard Schneider, Hubert Hautmann
BACKGROUND: We investigated the correlation and agreement of three depth of anesthesia indices, Bispectral Index (BIS), qCON and state entropy (SE) during propofol sedation, because there is extensive literature that deals with the comparability of these indices during general anesthesia, but not during sedation. METHODS: We recorded electroencephalogram (EEG) and SE trend data, using the Entropy Module from 21 patients who underwent elective bronchoscopy with target-controlled infusion of propofol...
June 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
Umberto Melia, Eva Gabarron, Mercé Agustí, Nuria Souto, Patricia Pineda, Joan Fontanet, Montserrat Vallverdu, Erik Weber Jensen, Pedro Gambus
The objective of this work is to compare the performances of two electroencephalogram based indices for detecting loss of consciousness and loss of response to nociceptive stimulation. Specifically, their behaviour after drug induction and during recovery of consciousness was pointed out. Data was recorded from 140 patients scheduled for general anaesthesia with a combination of propofol and remifentanil. The qCON 2000 monitor (Quantium Medical, Barcelona, Spain) was used to calculate the qCON and qNOX. Loss of response to verbal command and loss of eye-lash reflex were assessed during the transition from awake to anesthetized, defining the state of loss of consciousness...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
F M Bossuyt, F García-Pinillos, R M F Raja Azidin, J Vanrenterghem, M A Robinson
This study investigated the utility of a 5-min high-intensity exercise protocol (SAFT(5)) to include in prospective cohort studies investigating ACL injury risk. 15 active females were tested on 2 occasions during which their non-dominant leg was analysed before SAFT(5) (PRE), immediately after (POST0), 15 min after (POST15), and 30 min after (POST30). On the first occasion, testing included 5 maximum isokinetic contractions for eccentric and concentric hamstring and concentric quadriceps and on the second occasion, 3 trials of 2 landing tasks (i...
February 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
Benedito Sérgio Denadai, Felipe Bruno Dias de Oliveira, Sérgio Ricardo de Abreu Camarda, Leandro Ribeiro, Camila Coelho Greco
The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between the concentric hamstrings/quadriceps muscle strength (Hcon :Qcon ) and cross-sectional area ratios (Hcsa :Qcsa ) in professional soccer players with Hcon :Qcon imbalance. Nine male professional soccer players (25·3 ± 4·1 years) performed five maximal concentric contractions of the knee extensors (KE) and flexors (KF) at 60 s(-1) to assess Hcon :Qcon . The test was performed using the dominant (preferred kicking), and non-dominant limb with a 5-min recovery period was allowed between them...
March 2016: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Daniel D Cohen, Bingnan Zhao, Brian Okwera, Martyn J Matthews, Anne Delextrat
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of simulated soccer on the hamstrings eccentric torque-angle profile and angle of peak torque (APTeccH), and on the hamstrings:quadriceps torque ratio at specific joint angles (ASHecc:Qcon). METHODS: The authors assessed dominant-limb isokinetic concentric and eccentric knee flexion and concentric knee extension at 120°/s in 9 semiprofessional male soccer players immediately before and after they completed the Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test (LIST)...
April 2015: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
E W Jensen, J F Valencia, A López, T Anglada, M Agustí, Y Ramos, R Serra, M Jospin, P Pineda, P Gambus
BACKGROUND: The objective of the present study was to validate the qCON index of hypnotic effect and the qNOX index of nociception. Both indices are derived from the frontal electroencephalogram (EEG) and implemented in the qCON 2000 monitor (Quantium Medical, Barcelona, Spain). METHODS: The study was approved by the local ethics committee, including data from 60 patients scheduled for ambulatory surgery undergoing general anaesthesia with propofol and remifentanil, using TCI...
September 2014: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Rosalind Coombs, Gerard Garbutt
Isokinetic moment ratios of the hamstrings (H) and quadriceps (Q) muscle groups, and their implication in muscle imbalance, have been investigated for more than three decades. The conventional concentric H/Q ratio with its normative value of 0.6 has been at the forefront of the discussion. This does not account for the joint angle at which moment occurs and the type of muscle action involved. Advances towards more functional analyses have occurred such that previous protocols are being re-examined raising questions about their ability to demonstrate a relationship between thigh muscle imbalance and increased incidence or risk of knee injury...
September 2002: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
Oyvind H Sundby, Mark L S Gorelick
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between running economy (RE), functional hamstring:quadriceps peak torque ratios (f-H:Q), and flexibility among female runners. Seven highly trained (HT) female runners (age: 25.7 ± 4.7 years, VO2peak of 62.0 ± 4.8 ml·kg-1·min-1) and 11 recreational female runners (age of 28.8 ± 5.6 years, VO2peak of 49.2 ± 4.6 ml·kg-1·min-1) were measured for maximal aerobic power (VO2peak), RE, heart rate, respiratory exchange ratio, f-H:Q (Hecc:Qcon and Hcon:Qecc), and sit-and-reach hamstring/trunk flexibility...
August 2014: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Camila C Greco, Wendell L Da Silva, Sérgio R A Camarda, Benedito S Denadai
Muscle strength imbalance can be an important factor in hamstrings muscle strain. A hamstrings/quadriceps (H/Q) strength ratio based on concentric peak torque values (Hcon:Qcon) has traditionally been used to describe the potential for knee-joint destabilization. Because certain standard actions in soccer are explosive, the analysis of the H/Q strength ratio based on the rate of torque development (Hrtd:Qrtd) might also be useful in the evaluation of joint stability. The objective of this study was to compare the Hrtd:Qrtd between professional soccer players with heterogeneous values of Hcon:Qcon...
2012: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
M Dauty, M Potiron-Josse, P Rochcongar
OBJECTIVE: To know if isokinetic parameters identify previous hamstring (H) injury and predict a new muscle injury in high-level soccer player. METHOD: Concentric (con) and eccentric (ecc) isokinetic torque was measured at the angular speed of 60 degrees /s in 28 elite soccer players (23 years +/- 3.3; 74 kg +/- 7.5; 178 cm +/- 6.5). First, 11 players, victims of 15 moderate or major hamstring injuries in the preceding 2 years, were compared with 17 players without previous hamstring injury...
December 2003: Annales de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique
P Aagaard, E B Simonsen, M Trolle, J Bangsbo, K Klausen
The present study investigated the effects of three different strength training regimes on the isokinetic strength profile of the knee extensors (quadriceps, Q) and flexors (hamstrings, H) and if increases in isokinetic strength were accompanied by an enhanced performance during a more complex leg movement, the soccer kick. Twenty-two elite soccer players performed 12 weeks of strength training (three times per week) at either high resistance (HR group: 4 sets, 8 reps, 8RM loading), low resistance (LR group: 4 sets, 24 reps, 24RM loading), loaded kicking movements (LK group: 4 sets, 16 reps, 16RM loading) while one group served as controls (CO group)...
February 1996: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
P Aagaard, E B Simonsen, M Trolle, J Bangsbo, K Klausen
This study investigated isokinetic peak- and angle-specific hamstring/quadriceps strength ratios (conventional H/Q ratio) obtained during concentric and eccentric muscle contraction and examined the influence of joint angular velocity and the effect of gravity correction on these ratios. Also, a 'functional' H/Q ratio was defined by calculating eccentric hamstring strength relative to concentric quadriceps strength (Hecc/Qcon' representative for knee extension) and calculating concentric hamstring strength relative to eccentric quadriceps strength (Hcon/Qecc' representative for knee flexion)...
August 1995: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
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