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mistletoe and cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719632/viscum-album-neutralizes-tumor-induced-immunosuppression-in-a-human-in-vitro-cell-model
#1
Carmen Steinborn, Amy Marisa Klemd, Ann-Sophie Sanchez-Campillo, Sophie Rieger, Marieke Scheffen, Barbara Sauer, Manuel Garcia-Käufer, Konrad Urech, Marie Follo, Annekathrin Ücker, Gunver Sophia Kienle, Roman Huber, Carsten Gründemann
Tumor cells have the capacity to secrete immunosuppressive substances in order to diminish dendritic cell (DC) activity and thereby escape from immune responses. The impact of mistletoe (Viscum album) extracts (VAE), which are frequently used as an additive anti-cancer therapy to stimulate the immune response, is still unknown. Using a human cellular system, the impact of two different VAE (VAEA + VAEI) on the maturation of human dendritic cells and on T cell function has been investigated using flow cytometry, automated fluorescence microscopy and cytokine bead array assays...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596809/viscum-album-l-in-experimental-animal-tumors-a-meta-analysis
#2
Leoni Villano Bonamin, Aloisio Cunha de Carvalho, Silvia Waisse
Mistletoe (Viscum album L.) has been used as complementary anticancer treatment for ~100 years. Although the clinical efficacy of mistletoe in cancer and associated survival benefits remain contested, several studies point to its effectiveness and others have reported antitumor and immunomodulatory properties. In the present review, a search was conducted for original articles reporting the outcomes of treatments for experimental animal tumors with mistletoe. The inclusion criteria were: Publication in English, from 1996 onwards and in peer-reviewed journals included in the database PubMed...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571969/proteomic-fingerprinting-of-mistletoe-viscum-album-l-via-combinatorial-peptide-ligand-libraries-and-mass-spectrometry-analysis
#3
María Vergara-Barberán, María Jesús Lerma-García, Maria Nicoletti, Ernesto Francisco Simó-Alfonso, José Manuel Herrero-Martínez, Elisa Fasoli, Pier Giorgio Righetti
Combinatorial peptide ligand libraries (CPLLs), coupled to mass spectrometry (MS) analysis, have been used to investigate in depth the proteome of Viscum album L. (VA), commonly named European mistletoe, in order to provide a first proteomic fingerprinting. For this purpose, the proteins were captured via CPLLs at two different pH values (acidic and neutral). A total of 648 non-redundant proteins were identified by using two different databases. The two pH values, chosen for bead incubations, have contributed to increment the capture ability: 56% and 31% of CPLLs species were respectively recognized at pH7...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238155/safety-of-herbal-medicine-use-during-chemotherapy-in-patients-with-ovarian-cancer-a-bedside-to-bench-approach
#4
Eran Ben-Arye, Ofer Lavie, Noah Samuels, Hazem Khamaisie, Elad Schiff, Orit Gressel Raz, Jamal Mahajna
In this study, we explored herbal supplements used by patients during chemotherapy and test for herb-drug interactions and response of cancer cells to treatment. Patients with gynecological cancer referred to a complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) service were asked about their use of herbal medicine during chemotherapy. The leading five clinically relevant herbs selected for cytotoxicity analysis included the following: wheatgrass (Triticum aestivum), European mistletoe (Viscum album), ginger (Zingiber officinale), Ephedra (Ephedra campylopoda), and Oriental mistletoe (Viscum cruciatum)...
April 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128068/mistletoe-and-garlic-extracts-as-polyurethane-carriers-a-possible-remedy-for-choroidal-melanoma
#5
Melania F Munteanu, Aurel Ardelean, Florin Borcan, Svetlana I Trifunschi, Ramona Gligor, Simona A Ardelean, Dorina Coricovac, Iulia Pinzaru, Florina Andrica, Livia-Cristina Borcan
Melanoma is known as the most dangerous form of skin cancer; whereas the malignant choroidal melanoma is an orphan disease known as the most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults. Literature suggests that the consumption of garlic and/or mistletoe leads to a reduced risk of developing cancer. The obtained microstructures present sizes between 1.05 and 2.60 μm and Zeta potentials between -7 and +36 mV. A good encapsulation was observed on different evaluations (88-92%). It was determined that approx...
January 26, 2017: Current Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101577/viscumins-functionally-modulate-cell-motility-associated-gene-expression
#6
Sonja Schötterl, Miriam Hübner, Angela Armento, Vivien Veninga, Naita Maren Wirsik, Simon Bernatz, Hans Lentzen, Michel Mittelbronn, Ulrike Naumann
In Europe extracts from Viscum album L., the European white-berry mistletoe, are widely used as a complementary cancer therapy. Viscumins (mistletoe lectins, ML) have been scrutinized as important active components of mistletoe and exhibit a variety of anticancer effects such as stimulation of the immune system, induction of cytotoxicity, reduction of tumor cell motility as well as changes in the expression of genes associated with cancer development and progression. By microarray expression analysis, quantitative RT-PCR and RT-PCR based validation of microarray data we demonstrate for the Viscum album extract Iscador Qu and for the lectins Aviscumine and ML-1 that in glioma cells these drugs differentially modulate the expression of genes involved in the regulation of cell migration and invasion, including processes modulating cell architecture and cell adhesion...
February 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061770/viscumtt-induces-apoptosis-and-alters-iap-expression-in-osteosarcoma-in-vitro-and-has-synergistic-action-when-combined-with-different-chemotherapeutic-drugs
#7
Susann Kleinsimon, Gwenda Kauczor, Sebastian Jaeger, Angelika Eggert, Georg Seifert, Catharina Delebinski
BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is the most common bone tumor and is associated with a poor prognosis. Conventional therapies, surgery and chemotherapy, are still the standard but soon reach their limits. New therapeutic approaches are therefore needed. Conventional aqueous mistletoe extracts from the European mistletoe (Viscum album L.) are used in complementary cancer treatment. These commercial extracts are water-based and do not include water-insoluble compounds such as triterpenic acids...
January 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999605/fever-views-in-anthroposophic-medicine-and-their-scientific-validity
#8
REVIEW
David D Martin
Objective. To conduct a scoping review to characterize how fever is viewed in anthroposophic medicine (AM) and discuss the scientific validity of these views. Methods. Systematic searches were run in Medline, Embase, CAMbase, and Google Scholar. Material from anthroposophic medical textbooks and articles was also used. Data was extracted and interpreted. Results. Most of the anthroposophic literature on this subject is in the German language. Anthroposophic physicians hold a beneficial view on fever, rarely suppress fever with antipyretics, and often use complementary means of alleviating discomfort...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868169/articulatin-d-induces-apoptosis-via-activation-of-caspase-8-in-acute-t-cell-leukemia-cell-line
#9
Ruchi Mishra, Mrinal K Das, Savita Singh, Radhey Shyam Sharma, Sadhna Sharma, Vandana Mishra
Leukemia is among the most aggressive and prevalent human malignant carcinoma. Chemotherapy is the preferred therapeutic strategy; however, recurrence of cancer and non-selective cytotoxicity are the major concerns. Unlike synthetic chemotherapeutic agents, mistletoe ribosome-inactivating protein (RIP) displays anti-tumor function in various types of cancers. However, its effect on leukemia cells is little explored. In this study, we assessed the impact of Viscum articulatum RIP (Articulatin-D) on the survival of acute T-cell leukemia cells and the involved molecular and cellular mechanisms...
February 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782823/pro-apoptotic-and-cytotoxic-effects-of-enriched-fraction-of-elytranthe-parasitica-l-danser-against-hepg2-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
Nimmy Kumar, Subhankar Biswas, Asha Elizabeth Mathew, Subin Varghese, Jessy Elizabeth Mathew, K Nandakumar, Jesil Mathew Aranjani, Richard Lobo
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of liver cancer accounts for more than one million deaths worldwide. Current treatment modality for HCC is marginally effective. Plants belonging to Mistletoe family (Loranthaceae) have been used in chemotherapy for many years. The present study was aimed at exploring the anti-proliferative, pro-oxidant and pro-apoptotic potential of stem of Elytranthe parasitica (L.) Danser (EP), a parasitic shrub belonging to Loranthaceae...
October 26, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670445/dendrophthoe-pentandra-l-miq-extract-effectively-inhibits-inflammation-proliferation-and-induces-p53-expression-on-colitis-associated-colon-cancer
#11
Agustina Tri Endharti, Adisti Wulandari, Anik Listyana, Eviana Norahmawati, Sofy Permana
BACKGROUND: Indonesian mistletoe grows on various trees. Mango Mistletoes (Dendrophthoe pentandra) is one type of mistletoe that grown on mango tree (.benalu mangga in bahasa Indonesia). Our study used mistletoe as a parasitic plant that has been used for traditional medicine. It has been known that Dendrophtoe pentandra extract (DPE) anti-inflammatory and anticancer. Furthermore, it is necessary to follow-up study in vivo to evaluate the response to treatment of new cancer therapeutic agents...
September 26, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589063/multiple-active-compounds-from-viscum-album-l-synergistically-converge-to-promote-apoptosis-in-ewing-sarcoma
#12
Monika Twardziok, Susann Kleinsimon, Jana Rolff, Sebastian Jäger, Angelika Eggert, Georg Seifert, Catharina I Delebinski
Ewing sarcoma is the second most common bone cancer in children and adolescents, with poor prognosis and outcome in ~70% of initial diagnoses and 10-15% of relapses. Hydrophobic triterpene acids and hydrophilic lectins and viscotoxins from European mistletoe (Viscum album L.) demonstrate anticancer properties, but have not yet been investigated for Ewing sarcoma. Commercial Viscum album L. extracts are aqueous, excluding the insoluble triterpenes. We recreated a total mistletoe effect by combining an aqueous extract (viscum) and a triterpene extract (TT) solubilized with cyclodextrins...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548121/parasitic-mistletoes-of-the-genera-scurrula-and-viscum-from-bench-to-bedside
#13
REVIEW
Ya Chee Lim, Rajan Rajabalaya, Shirley Huan Fang Lee, Kushan U Tennakoon, Quang-Vuong Le, Adi Idris, Ihsan N Zulkipli, Natasha Keasberry, Sheba R David
The mistletoes, stem hemiparasites of Asia and Europe, have been used as medicinal herbs for many years and possess sophisticated systems to obtain nutrients from their host plants. Although knowledge about ethnomedicinal uses of mistletoes is prevalent in Asia, systematic scientific study of these plants is still lacking, unlike its European counterparts. This review aims to evaluate the literature on Scurrula and Viscum mistletoes. Both mistletoes were found to have anticancer, antimicrobial, antioxidant and antihypertensive properties...
August 17, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491866/interaction-of-a-standardized-mistletoe-viscum-album-preparation-with-antitumor-effects-of-trastuzumab-in-vitro
#14
U Weissenstein, M Kunz, K Urech, U Regueiro, S Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Besides conventional anticancer therapy many breast cancer patients use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) like the medicinal herb mistletoe (Viscum album L.). To gain more knowledge about possible herb-drug interactions between CAM and conventional anticancer medications, in the present in vitro study we investigated the effect of a standardized mistletoe preparation on the action of Trastuzumab, a drug used for the treatment of Her-2 positive breast cancer. METHODS: The Her-2 positive human breast carcinoma cell line SK-BR-3 was treated with Trastuzumab...
August 4, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27410459/antioxidant-activity-and-ros-dependent-apoptotic-effect-of-scurrula-ferruginea-jack-danser-methanol-extract-in-human-breast-cancer-cell-mda-mb-231
#15
Mohsen Marvibaigi, Neda Amini, Eko Supriyanto, Fadzilah Adibah Abdul Majid, Saravana Kumar Jaganathan, Shajarahtunnur Jamil, Javad Hamzehalipour Almaki, Rozita Nasiri
Scurrula ferruginea (Jack) Danser is one of the mistletoe species belonging to Loranthaceae family, which grows on the branches of many deciduous trees in tropical countries. This study evaluated the antioxidant activities of S. ferruginea extracts. The cytotoxic activity of the selected extracts, which showed potent antioxidant activities, and high phenolic and flavonoid contents, were investigated in human breast cancer cell line (MDA-MB-231) and non-cancer human skin fibroblast cells (HSF-1184). The activities and characteristics varied depending on the different parts of S...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27387685/fever-therapy-with-intravenously-applied-mistletoe-extracts-for-cancer-patients-a-retrospective-study
#16
Marc Schläppi, Christoph Ewald, Jürgen Johannes Kuehn, Tomas Weinert, Roman Huber
Purpose So-called spontaneous remissions in cancer often seem to occur after febrile events. Mistletoe preparations (MPs) are used off-label intravenously to induce fever within concepts of integrative oncology. We wanted to investigate the frequency of febrile reactions and safety related to intravenously applied MPs (IAMPs). Methods This was a retrospective analysis of data from consecutive cancer patients who were treated in 2 anthroposophic hospitals with IAMPs. The main outcome parameter was the rate of core temperature increase to ≥38...
July 7, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272001/-study-for-the-treatment-of-nonmuscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-phase%C3%A2-iii-efficacy-trial-for-intravesical-instillation-of-mistletoe-extract-in-superficial-bladder-cancer-tim-ab%C3%A2-40-11-of-the-auo
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27239209/intravenous-mistletoe-treatment-in-integrative-cancer-care-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-procedures-concepts-and-observations-of-expert-doctors
#18
Gunver S Kienle, Milena Mussler, Dieter Fuchs, Helmut Kiene
Background. Mistletoe therapy (MT) is widely used in patient-centered integrative cancer care. The objective of this study was to explore the concepts, procedures, and observations of expert doctors, with a focus on intravenous MT. Method. A qualitative interview study was conducted with 35 highly experienced doctors specialized in integrative and anthroposophic medicine. Structured qualitative content analysis was applied. For triangulation, the results were compared with external evidence that was systematically collected, reviewed, and presented...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230757/breast-cancer-integrative-oncology-care-and-its-costs
#19
Leanna J Standish, Fred Dowd, Erin Sweet, Linda Dale, Morgan Weaver, Barbara Osborne, M Robyn Andersen
BACKGROUND: Naturopathic oncology in conjunction with conventional treatment is commonly referred to as integrative oncology (IO). Clinics directed by oncology board certified NDs (Fellows of the American Board of Naturopathic Oncology or FABNOs) provide high-quality data for describing IO therapies, their costs and measuring clinical outcomes. PURPOSE: To describe the types of IO therapies prescribed to breast cancer patients by ND FABNO physicians. Study participants (n = 324)...
May 26, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207233/coley-s-lessons-remembered-augmenting-mistletoe-therapy
#20
Maurice Orange, Uwe Reuter, Uwe Hobohm
The following four observations point in the same direction, namely that there is an unleveraged potential for stimulating the innate immune system against cancer: (1) experimental treatments with bacterial extracts more than 100 years ago by Coley and contemporaries, (2) a positive correlation between spontaneous regressions and febrile infection, (3) epidemiological data suggesting an inverse correlation between a history of infection and the likelihood of developing cancer, and (4) our recent finding that a cocktail of pattern recognition receptor ligands (PRRLs) can eradicate solid tumors in cancer mice if applied metronomically...
May 20, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
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